Europe

Welcome to Europe, a continent of timeless allure, marked by a rich tapestry of cultures, histories, languages, and landscapes. Stretching from the icy fjords of Scandinavia to the sun-kissed Mediterranean beaches, Europe encompasses a multitude of nations each with its unique heritage and identity. It’s a land where antiquity meets modernity, from the ancient ruins of Rome, the grandeur of the Renaissance in Florence, to the modern architectural marvels of Barcelona. Europe has been the stage for profound historical events and intellectual movements that have shaped the world: the birthplace of democracy in Greece, the Renaissance era in Italy, the Industrial Revolution in Britain, and the formation of the European Union. Known for its rich artistic, literary, and philosophical traditions, Europe remains a beacon of global culture, innovation, and political dialogue. This mesmerizing continent offers a journey into an intricate mosaic of human experience, inviting exploration into its diverse nations, historical milestones, and breathtaking terrains.

Tourism in Europe: A Festive and Cultural Experience

Europe is a continent known for its rich history, diverse cultures, and breathtaking landscapes. It is also a top destination for tourists from all over the world, especially during the holiday season. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I have had the opportunity to explore and experience the festive spirit of Europe first-hand. In this comprehensive tourist guide, I will take you on a journey through the unique attractions, traditions, and activities that make Europe a must-visit destination.

The Festive Spirit of Europe

The holiday season in Europe is a time of joy, celebration, and togetherness. The streets are adorned with twinkling lights, Christmas markets pop up in every city, and the smell of mulled wine and roasted chestnuts fills the air. It is a time when locals and tourists alike come together to embrace the festive spirit and create unforgettable memories.

Unique Tourist Attractions

Europe is home to some of the most iconic landmarks and attractions in the world. From the Eiffel Tower in Paris to the Colosseum in Rome, there is no shortage of must-see sights. However, during the holiday season, some attractions take on a special charm. For example, Germany’s famous Neuschwanstein Castle looks like a fairytale castle covered in snow, while London’s Buckingham Palace is lit up with dazzling lights.

General Overview

Europe has something for every type of traveler. Whether you are interested in history, art, food, or adventure, there is no shortage of options. Some popular tourist attractions include the Louvre Museum in Paris, the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, and the Vatican City in Rome.

Important Places

While every country in Europe has its own unique charm, some destinations stand out as must-visit places. These include the romantic city of Paris, the historical city of Rome, the vibrant city of Barcelona, and the picturesque city of Prague. Each of these cities has its own distinct culture, architecture, and attractions that make them popular among tourists.

Activities

Europe offers a wide range of activities for tourists to indulge in. From skiing in the Swiss Alps to wine tasting in Tuscany, there is something for everyone. During the holiday season, ice skating in front of the Eiffel Tower or attending a traditional Christmas market are popular activities. Other options include taking a river cruise along the Danube or exploring the charming Christmas markets in Germany.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Europe has a well-developed public transportation system, making it easy for tourists to get around. Most major cities have efficient metro systems, buses, and trains that connect different parts of the country. During the holiday season, these systems can get crowded, so it is advisable to plan your travels in advance. It is also worth considering purchasing a Eurail pass for convenient and cost-effective travel between countries.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

For most countries in Europe, visitors from certain countries may require a visa to enter. It is essential to check the visa requirements before planning your trip and apply for one well in advance if needed. The Schengen visa allows visitors to travel freely within 26 European countries, making it an ideal option for those planning to visit multiple countries.

Health and Safety

Europe is generally a safe destination for tourists, but it is always wise to take precautions. Make sure to have travel insurance that covers medical emergencies and familiarize yourself with the local emergency numbers. It is also advisable to get any necessary vaccinations before traveling. As with any destination, it is essential to be aware of your surroundings and avoid carrying valuables with you.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Europe is a continent with diverse cultures, and it is essential to respect the local customs and etiquette. In some countries, tipping is expected, while in others, it is not. It is also essential to dress appropriately when visiting religious sites or attending cultural events. Learning a few basic phrases in the local language can also go a long way in showing respect to the locals.

Currency and Payment Methods

The currency used in most European countries is the Euro. However, some countries still use their own currency, such as the British Pound in the UK and the Swiss Franc in Switzerland. It is advisable to have some cash on hand for smaller purchases, but most places accept credit cards. It is also worth notifying your bank of your travel plans to avoid any issues with using your cards abroad.

Festive Activities

The holiday season in Europe is a time for unique experiences and traditions. Some popular festive activities include attending Christmas markets, trying traditional holiday dishes, and watching Christmas concerts or ballets. Each country has its own unique traditions, such as the famous Christmas markets in Germany or the festive lights display in London’s Regent Street.

Infrastructure & Transit

With an increase in tourists during the holiday season, it is essential to plan your travels efficiently. Book tickets for popular attractions in advance to avoid long queues, and consider using public transportation instead of driving. Many cities also offer hop-on-hop-off buses or walking tours that provide a convenient way to explore.

Accommodation Options

Europe offers a wide range of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference. From luxury hotels to budget-friendly hostels, there is something for everyone. During the holiday season, it is advisable to book accommodation in advance, as prices tend to be higher and availability may be limited.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Europe is a shopper’s paradise, with a mix of high-end designer stores and charming local markets. Some popular shopping destinations include the Champs-Élysées in Paris, Oxford Street in London, and the Grand Bazaar in Istanbul. For unique souvenirs, consider visiting local markets or purchasing traditional handicrafts from small shops.

Technology and Connectivity

Staying connected while traveling in Europe is easy, with most cities offering free Wi-Fi in public places. However, it is advisable to purchase a local SIM card for data usage if you need to stay connected on the go. There are also many useful apps for navigation, language translation, and booking events or activities.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

For those looking to explore the natural beauty of Europe, there are plenty of options for eco-friendly travel and outdoor activities. From hiking in the Swiss Alps to cycling through the Dutch countryside, there are many ways to experience Europe’s stunning landscapes responsibly. It is also essential to be mindful of the environment and follow responsible tourism practices to preserve these natural wonders for future generations.

Local Festivals and Events

Aside from the major holiday celebrations, there are also many smaller festivals and events taking place around Europe during the holiday season. These include Christmas markets, music festivals, and cultural events that offer a unique insight into the local traditions and customs.

Practical Advice and Tips

Before embarking on your trip to Europe during the holiday season, it is essential to plan and budget accordingly. Prices tend to be higher during this time, so it is advisable to set a budget and stick to it. It is also essential to be aware of your surroundings and follow safety precautions, such as avoiding crowded areas and keeping your belongings close.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

To make the most of your trip to Europe during the holiday season, it is advisable to plan in advance and do some research. Consider the country’s climate and seasonal events when deciding on the best time to visit. It is also worth looking into ticket availability and purchasing them in advance if needed. Here are some not-to-be-missed events and activities during the holiday season in Europe:

  • Christmas markets in Germany
  • Light displays in London
  • Skiing in the Swiss Alps
  • Ice skating in front of the Eiffel Tower
  • Traditional holiday dishes in Italy
  • New Year’s Eve celebrations in Amsterdam

It is also essential to pack appropriate attire for the country’s climate and any festive occasions you may attend. Remember to respect local customs and practices, and always ask for permission before taking photos of people or religious sites. Learning a few basic phrases in the local language can also help you connect with the locals and enhance your overall experience.

In case of emergencies, it is crucial to have vital contact numbers, such as the local police and ambulance services, saved on your phone. With proper planning and preparation, a trip to Europe during the holiday season can be a magical and unforgettable experience. So pack your bags, embrace the festive spirit, and get ready to explore all that Europe has to offer

Overview of Europe

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. With a total area of 10.18 million square kilometers, Europe is the second smallest continent in the world, covering only 6.8% of the Earth’s landmass.

Population and Demographics

According to the latest data from the United Nations, Europe has a population of approximately 747 million people, making it the third most populous continent after Asia and Africa. The most populous country in Europe is Russia with over 145 million people, followed by Germany, United Kingdom, France, and Italy.

Europe is a diverse continent with over 50 countries and more than 200 languages spoken. The most widely spoken language in Europe is Russian, followed by German, French, English, and Italian. The majority of Europeans are Christians, with Catholicism being the largest denomination followed by Protestantism and Eastern Orthodoxy.

Economy

Europe has one of the largest and most advanced economies in the world. It accounts for approximately one-fifth of the global GDP and is home to some of the wealthiest countries such as Germany, United Kingdom, France, and Italy. The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 27 member states, with a combined GDP of over $18 trillion.

The EU has a single market system that allows for free movement of goods, services, capital, and people between member states. This has led to increased trade and investment opportunities within Europe. The euro (€) is the official currency used by 19 out of 27 EU member states, making it one of the most widely used currencies in the world.

Geography

Europe is a diverse continent with a variety of landscapes, including mountains, plains, and coastal regions. The highest point in Europe is Mount Elbrus in Russia, standing at 5,642 meters. The longest river in Europe is the Volga, which runs through Russia and has a length of 3,530 kilometers.

The climate in Europe varies from region to region. The northern parts of Europe have a subarctic climate, while the southern parts have a Mediterranean climate. The central and eastern regions have a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters.

Tourism

Europe is a popular tourist destination, attracting millions of visitors each year. The most visited country in Europe is France, with over 89 million tourists annually. Other popular destinations include Spain, Italy, Germany, and the United Kingdom.

Europe offers a diverse range of attractions for tourists, from historical landmarks such as the Eiffel Tower and the Colosseum to beautiful beaches and ski resorts. It is also known for its rich cultural heritage, with many museums, art galleries, and festivals showcasing European art, music, and traditions.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Europe is a continent with a rich history, diverse culture, and strong economy. With its beautiful landscapes, bustling cities, and numerous attractions, it continues to be a top destination for tourists from all over the world. As one of the major players in global affairs, Europe will continue to shape and influence the world in various aspects for years to come.

Sources:
– United Nations Population Division
– World Bank
– European Union Official Website
– National Geographic
– Eurostat

  • What is the population of Europe?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Europe is 747 million.
  • What countries are included in Europe?
    Europe consists of 44 countries, including Russia, Germany, France, United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, and more.
  • What is the capital of Europe?
    Europe does not have a single capital city. The European Union's administrative capital is Brussels, Belgium.
  • What languages are spoken in Europe?
    There are over 200 languages spoken in Europe, with the most common being English, Russian, German, French, and Italian.
  • What is the currency used in Europe?
    The currency used in most European countries is the Euro. However, some countries still use their own currencies such as the British Pound and the Swiss Franc.
  • What is the climate like in Europe?
    The climate in Europe varies greatly from region to region. Generally, it is temperate with mild summers and cold winters.
  • What are some popular dishes in Europe?
    Some popular dishes in Europe include pizza from Italy, croissants from France, fish and chips from the UK, and schnitzel from Germany.
  • What are some traditional music and songs in Europe?
    Traditional music and songs vary greatly across Europe. Some popular examples include flamenco from Spain, polka from Czech Republic, and waltz from Austria.
  • How can I plan a trip to Europe?
    To plan a trip to Europe, you will need to research visa requirements for your country of origin, book flights or transportation, and decide on an itinerary based on your interests.
  • What are some popular tourist destinations in Europe?
    Some popular tourist destinations in Europe include Paris, London, Rome, Barcelona, Amsterdam, and Berlin.
  • What is the best time of year to visit Europe?
    The best time to visit Europe depends on your personal preferences and the activities you plan on doing. Generally, summer (June-August) is the most popular time for tourists, but spring (March-May) and fall (September-November) can also be pleasant times to visit.
  • Do I need a visa to travel to Europe?
    It depends on your country of origin. Citizens of the European Union do not need a visa to travel within Europe, but citizens of other countries may need to obtain a Schengen visa.
  • What is the Schengen area?
    The Schengen area is a group of 26 European countries that have abolished border controls between them. This allows for easier travel between these countries for tourists.
  • What are some common customs and etiquette in Europe?
    Common customs and etiquette in Europe include greeting with a handshake or kiss on the cheek, saying 'please' and 'thank you', and using utensils while eating.
  • What are some popular festivals and events in Europe?
    Some popular festivals and events in Europe include Oktoberfest in Germany, La Tomatina in Spain, Carnival in Venice, and St. Patrick's Day in Ireland.
  • What is the emergency number in Europe?
    The emergency number in most European countries is 112. However, it is best to check the specific number for the country you are visiting before traveling.
  • Is tipping expected in Europe?
    Tipping customs vary across Europe. In some countries, such as France and Italy, a service charge is already included in the bill. In other countries, it is common to leave a small tip (around 10%) for good service.
  • What is the voltage in Europe?
    The voltage in most European countries is 220-240 volts. Make sure to check the voltage before using any electrical appliances.
  • What are some popular modes of transportation in Europe?
    Some popular modes of transportation in Europe include trains, buses, and budget airlines. Many cities also have bike-sharing programs and walking is a common way to get around.
  • What are some must-see landmarks in Europe?
    Some must-see landmarks in Europe include the Eiffel Tower in Paris, the Colosseum in Rome, the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, and the Acropolis in Athens.
  • What are some famous museums in Europe?
    Some famous museums in Europe include the Louvre in Paris, the British Museum in London, the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, and the Prado Museum in Madrid.
  • What is the legal drinking age in Europe?
    The legal drinking age varies across Europe, but it is generally between 16-18 years old. However, some countries have no minimum drinking age.
  • What are some common scams to watch out for while traveling in Europe?
    Some common scams to watch out for while traveling in Europe include pickpocketing, fake petitions, and overcharging for goods or services.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Europe?
    Popular souvenirs to buy in Europe include chocolates from Belgium, wine from France or Italy, wooden toys from Germany, and lace from Croatia.
  • What is the VAT tax in Europe?
    The VAT (value-added tax) in Europe varies by country, but it is typically around 20%. This tax is usually included in the price of goods and services.
  • What are some common phrases in European languages?
    Some common phrases in European languages include 'hello' (bonjour in French, ciao in Italian, hola in Spanish), 'thank you' (merci in French, grazie in Italian, gracias in Spanish), and 'excuse me' (excusez-moi in French, scusi in Italian, disculpe in Spanish).
  • What are some traditional clothing styles in Europe?
    Traditional clothing styles vary greatly across Europe. Some examples include lederhosen and dirndl dresses in Germany, kilts in Scotland, and sarafans in Russia.
  • What is the time zone for Europe?
    Europe spans several time zones, but the most common one is Central European Time (CET), which is GMT+1.
  • What are some popular outdoor activities in Europe?
    Some popular outdoor activities in Europe include hiking, skiing, cycling, and water sports like swimming and kayaking.
  • What are some traditional dances in Europe?
    Traditional dances vary across Europe. Some examples include flamenco from Spain, tango from Argentina (but also popular in Europe), and waltz from Austria.
  • What are some popular sports in Europe?
    Some popular sports in Europe include soccer (football), tennis, cycling, and skiing.
  • What is the emergency number for medical services in Europe?
    The emergency number for medical services varies by country. In most countries, it is 112 or 999. However, it is best to check the specific number for the country you are visiting before traveling.
  • What is the legal age for smoking in Europe?
    The legal age for smoking varies across Europe, but it is generally between 16-18 years old.
  • What are some common modes of payment in Europe?
    Common modes of payment in Europe include cash, credit/debit cards, and mobile payment apps such as Apple Pay and Google Pay.
  • What are some traditional holidays celebrated in Europe?
    Traditional holidays celebrated in Europe include Christmas, Easter, New Year's Day, and national holidays specific to each country.
  • What are some popular desserts in Europe?
    Some popular desserts in Europe include pastries such as croissants and macarons from France, gelato from Italy, and waffles from Belgium.
  • What is the drinking culture like in Europe?
    Drinking culture varies across Europe. In some countries, such as France and Italy, it is common to have a glass of wine with meals. In other countries, such as Germany and Ireland, beer is a popular drink.
  • What are some common types of accommodations in Europe?
    Common types of accommodations in Europe include hotels, hostels, bed and breakfasts, and vacation rentals like Airbnb.
  • Is it safe to travel to Europe?
    Generally, Europe is a safe place to travel. However, it is always important to take precautions and be aware of your surroundings while traveling.
  • What are some traditional crafts and products in Europe?
    Traditional crafts and products vary across Europe. Some examples include lace from Croatia, pottery from Greece, and wooden toys from Germany.
  • What is the dress code for visiting religious sites in Europe?
    The dress code for visiting religious sites in Europe varies, but it is generally respectful to cover your shoulders and knees.
  • What are some common forms of public transportation in Europe?
    Common forms of public transportation in Europe include buses, trains, trams, and subways. Many cities also have bike-sharing programs and walking is a common way to get around.
  • What are some popular types of cheese in Europe?
    Some popular types of cheese in Europe include cheddar from England, gouda from the Netherlands, feta from Greece, and brie from France.
  • What are some famous landmarks in Europe?
    Some famous landmarks in Europe include the Eiffel Tower in Paris, the Colosseum in Rome, the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, and the Acropolis in Athens.
  • What is the legal age for driving in Europe?
    The legal age for driving varies across Europe, but it is generally between 18-21 years old. However, some countries allow younger drivers with a valid license.

A Closer Look at Europe

Europe Flag

Europe

Europe Capital Name

  • France - Paris
  • Germany - Berlin
  • Italy - Rome
  • Spain - Madrid
  • United Kingdom - London
  • Austria - Vienna
  • Netherlands - Amsterdam
  • Greece - Athens
  • Portugal - Lisbon
  • Belgium - Brussels

Europe Neighbours

  1. Albania Albania
  2. Andorra Andorra
  3. Austria Austria
  4. Bailiwick of Jersey Bailiwick of Jersey
  5. Belarus Belarus
  6. Belgium Belgium
  7. Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
  8. Bulgaria Bulgaria
  9. Croatia Croatia
  10. Cyprus Cyprus
  11. Czech Republic Czech Republic
  12. Denmark Denmark
  13. Estonia Estonia
  14. Faroe Islands Faroe Islands
  15. Finland Finland
  16. France France
  17. Germany Germany
  18. Greece Greece
  19. Hungary Hungary
  20. Iceland Iceland
  21. Ireland Ireland
  22. Italy Italy
  23. Kosovo Kosovo
  24. Latvia Latvia
  25. Liechtenstein Liechtenstein
  26. Lithuania Lithuania
  27. Luxembourg Luxembourg
  28. Macedonia Macedonia
  29. Malta Malta
  30. Montenegro Montenegro
  31. Netherlands Netherlands
  32. Norway Norway
  33. Poland Poland
  34. Portugal Portugal
  35. Principality of Monaco Principality of Monaco
  36. Republic of Moldova Republic of Moldova
  37. Romania Romania
  38. Russian Federation Russian Federation
  39. San Marino San Marino
  40. Serbia Serbia
  41. Slovakia Slovakia
  42. Slovenia Slovenia
  43. Spain Spain
  44. Sweden Sweden
  45. Switzerland Switzerland
  46. The Isle of Man The Isle of Man
  47. Turkey Turkey
  48. Ukraine Ukraine
  49. United Kingdom United Kingdom
  50. Vatican City State Vatican City State

Exploring Europe

Origin of Europe

Europe is one of the seven continents of the world, located in the northern and eastern hemispheres. The history of Europe dates back thousands of years, with the earliest known human presence being discovered in the area as far back as 1.2 million years ago. It is believed that the first people to inhabit Europe were nomads from Central Asia who migrated from East to West, across the land bridge between Europe and Asia. This migration was known as the Indo-European migration, and it is thought that it is this migration which caused the development of the various Indo-European languages, which are still in use today in many parts of the world.

Culture

European culture has been shaped by many factors throughout history including war, religion, and exploration. Throughout the centuries, European countries have been at the forefront of innovation, art, science, and philosophy. European culture is built on a shared history and many similarities, yet it is composed of dozens of individualistic and distinctive national identities, each with its own unique customs ethnic and religious beliefs. The culture of Europe also encompasses a variety of music, languages, art and literature, as well as different values and beliefs. Europe is home to some of the world's most famous and long-lasting monuments, including the Eiffel Tower in France, the Acropolis in Greece and the Colosseum in Italy.

Sport

Sports are very popular in Europe, with a few former Olympic powers leading the way. Soccer is widely regarded as the most popular sport in Europe, boasting some of the most successful international teams in history. Other popular sports include basketball, tennis, rugby, and cricket, with some countries having a particular affinity for certain sports. Europeans are passionate about sports, as evidenced by the large crowds often seen at matches and competitions within the different countries in Europe. One of the most prestigious events in Europe is the UEFA Champions League, which features the best teams from Europe competing in a tournament.

Religion

Religion has played a significant role in the history of Europe. Christianity is the largest religion in Europe, with Roman Catholicism being the largest denomination. Non-Christian beliefs are also found in the region, including Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, and Hinduism. Religion has been a source of conflict and unity. The Reformation and Counter Reformation were two of the most influential religious movements in Europe, leading to the large number of denominations within Christianity. In more recent times, religious diversity has increased in Europe due to immigration from other regions.

Languages

Europe is multilingual, with a variety of languages spoken in the area. Romance languages, such as French, Spanish, and Italian, are the most widely spoken. English is also a popular language and is spoken in many countries as the majority or official language, including the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Malta. Other languages spoken in Europe include German, Dutch, Portuguese, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish, Polish, Czech, and Greek.

Education

Education is highly valued in Europe, with a well-developed education system in place in most countries in the region. Education is free and compulsory in most countries, with only the smallest countries having no official education system. Primary and secondary level education is followed by tertiary level education, with universities and colleges being popular destinations for those wishing to pursue higher academic qualifications.

Demographics

Europe is the third most populous continent in the world, with a total population of approximately 742 million people in 2018. France is the most populous country in Europe, followed by Germany and the United Kingdom. Europe is home to various ethnic groups, including Europeans, Asians, Turkish people, and Arabs, among others. The dominant languages in Europe are a mix of Romance languages, Germanic languages, and Slavic languages.

Commerce

European nations have historically been major powers in global trade and commerce, with many of them having a large presence in the global economy. Several Europe nations are part of the G7 nations, which are the most important economies in the world. Many large companies headquartered in Europe have a significant global presence, including Siemens, Volkswagen, HSBC, Total S.A., Volvo, and British Petroleum, to name a few. The manufacturing and services sectors are the largest contributors to the GDP in Europe.

Weather

The weather in Europe varies greatly throughout the year, with the weather being influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Generally, the warmest summer months are July and August, while the coldest winter months are December and January. In some parts of Europe, the weather can be quite extreme, with high temperatures in the summer and cold winters with snowfall. In southern countries such as Spain and Italy, the climate is milder and the temperatures usually remain in the 20s and 30s throughout the year.

Borders

Europe is bordered by many different countries including Russia, Turkey, Ukraine, Malaysia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia, and the countries of the Mediterranean. Europe is home to several mountain ranges including the Alps, the Pyrenees, and the Carpathian mountains. There are also many long-standing treaties that guarantee freedom of movement among many of the European countries, allowing for easy travel and commerce between them. Europe is physically separated from Asia by the Ural, Caucasus, and Caspian mountains as well as the Black Sea, Bosphorus Strait, and the Mediterranean Sea.

Europe Highest Point Name

The highest peak in Europe is Mount Elbrus, located in the Caucasus Mountains in southern Russia. It stands at 5,642 metres (18,510 feet) above sea level.

Europe Official Languages

There is no one single answer to this question as each country in Europe has its own official language or languages. Out of the 51 countries in Europe, 24 of them have English as an official language. Other common official languages in Europe include French, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Dutch, and Greek.

Europe Ethnic Groups

European ethnic groups vary regionally, but include: Germans, French, British, Irish, Spanish, Italians, Poles, Russians, Greeks, Swedes, Norwegians, Danes, Belgians, Dutch, Bulgarians, Finns, Hungarians, Swiss, Turks, Czechs, Ukrainians, Slovaks, Albanians, Serbs, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croats, Lithuanians, Latvians, Romanians, Slovenians, Macedonians, Montenegrins, Estonians, and Albanians. Additionally, there are numerous indigenous ethnic groups such as Roma and Sámi.

Europe Religions

The most common religions in Europe include Christianity, with an overwhelming majority being Roman Catholic or Protestant. Other popular religions in certain countries include Eastern Orthodoxy, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, Sikhism, and Buddhism. According to the European Union's Eurobarometer 2010, 75% of people in the EU believe in a religion, with Catholicism claiming the largest proportion. The United Kingdom is largely Protestant, with the Church of England holding a prominent role, while other religions including Islam, Judaism, and Sikhism also have significant followings there.

Europe Total Area

The total area of all the European countries in the world is 10,180,000 square kilometers (3,930,000 square miles).

Europe Land Area

The land area of European countries is highly varied, ranging from the tiny Vatican City (at just 0.44 km2) to the expansive Russian Federation (at 17,098,242 km2). Other large countries which make up much of Europe's land mass include France (547,026 km2) and Ukraine (603,550 km2).

Europe Water Area

The European country with the largest water area is Russia, which has an area of approximately 7,672,400 square kilometers. Other large bodies of water in Europe include the Mediterranean Sea, the Caspian Sea, the Black Sea, the North Sea, the Baltic Sea, and a variety of other smaller bodies of water.

Europe Total Population

According to the World Bank, the estimated total population of Europe as of mid-2019 was 743,207,521.

Europe Currency Name

The main currency used in most European countries is the Euro (symbol: €). Some European countries, such as the United Kingdom, Switzerland, and Norway, still use their own national currencies. The pound sterling (symbol: £) is used in the UK, the Swiss franc (symbol: CHF) is used in Switzerland, and the Norwegian krone (symbol: NOK) is used in Norway.

Europe Currency Code

The currency code of a European country will depend on the country. Some of the most common European currency codes include EUR for the Euro (used by much of the Eurozone), GBP for the British Pound, CHF for the Swiss Franc, and SEK for the Swedish Krona.

Europe Currency Symbol

The currency symbols for European countries vary, depending on the country:

  • Austria: € (Euro)
  • Belgium: € (Euro)
  • Bulgaria: лв (Bulgarian Lev)
  • Croatia: kn (Croatian Kuna)
  • Cyprus: € (Euro)
  • Czech Republic: Kč (Czech Koruna)
  • Denmark: kr (Danish Krone)
  • Estonia: € (Euro)
  • Finland: € (Euro)
  • France: € (Euro)
  • Germany: € (Euro)
  • Greece: € (Euro)
  • Hungary: Ft (Hungarian Forint)
  • Ireland: € (Euro)
  • Italy: € (Euro)
  • Latvia: € (Euro)
  • Lithuania: € (Euro)
  • Luxembourg: € (Euro)
  • Malta: € (Euro)
  • Netherlands: € (Euro)
  • Poland: zł (Polish Zloty)
  • Portugal: € (Euro)
  • Romania: lei (Romanian Leu)
  • Slovakia: € (Euro)
  • Slovenia: € (Euro)
  • Spain: € (Euro)
  • Sweden: kr (Swedish Krona)
  • United Kingdom: £ (British Pound)

Europe Calling Code

The country calling codes for European countries vary depending on the country. Some examples include:

  • France: +33
  • Germany: +49
  • Italy: +39
  • United Kingdom: +44
  • Spain: +34
  • Poland: +48
  • Norway: +47
  • Sweden: +46
  • Russia: +7

How to Say "Europe" In Different Languages?

Austrian
Europa (de-AT)
Bulgarian
Европа (bg-BG)
Croatian
Europa (hr-HR)
Czech
Evropa (cs-CZ)
Danish
Europa (da-DK)
Finnish
Eurooppa (fi-FI)
French
Europe (fr-FR)
German
Europa (de-DE)
Greek
Ευρώπη (el-GR)
Hungarian
Európa (hu-HU)
Hebrew
אירופה (he-IL)
Italian
Europa (it-IT)
Lithuanian
Europa (lt-LT)
Dutch
Europa (nl-NL)
Polish
Europa (pl-PL)
Portuguese
Europa (pt-PT)
Romanian
Europa (ro-RO)
Slovak
Európa (sk-SK)
Spanish
Europa (es-ES)
Swedish
Europa (sv-SE)
Turkish
Avrupa (tr-TR)

Europe Popular Holidays

New Year's Day
1 January
Valentine's Day
14 February
Mardi Gras
25 February
Easter
4 April
Labor Day
1 May
Ascension Day
13 May
Whit Monday
24 May
Flag Day
27 May
Father's Day
20 June
Independence Day
14 July
Assumption Day
15 August
Oktoberfest
18 September (3 October)
Halloween
31 October
Remembrance Day
11 November
Thanksgiving
25 November
Christmas Eve
24 December
Christmas
25 December
Boxing Day
26 December

VERIFY COUNTRY DATA:
We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Europe

National and Public Holidays in Europe next days/week/month/year

Spring Bank in UK

Spring Bank is a UK holiday which celebrates the traditional start of the Summer season in the country. Celebrations typically include parades with bright decorations and festive music. All kinds of fun activities are also part of it, like street carnivals, firework displays, treasure hunts and pub concerts. This four-day holiday is a highly anticipated time of the year for locals looking for an opportunity to get out, relax and join in the celebrations.

Day of the Canary Islands

The Day of the Canary Islands is a public holiday celebrated on May 30th each year across the seven islands of the Canary Archipelago. It marks the creation of a new autonomous community by the Spanish Parliament in 1982. On this day, locals take part in cultural events such as concerts, sports activities, processions, and carnivals. Even though it is a public holiday, particular attention is given to education and the environment. People make efforts to raise environmental awareness and remember the importance of preserving the ecological balance of the islands.

Republic Day in Italy

Republic Day in Italy (Festa della Repubblica) is a national holiday celebrated annually on June, 2nd. It commemorates the birth of the Republic of Italy in 1946, when Italians voted in a referendum to abolish the monarchy and establish a republic. Celebrations often include parades, fireworks and concerts, as well as performances and exhibitions, which are held specially to mark the occasion.

Upcoming Festivals in Europe

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Festa da Flor in Portugal 2024

Join the colorful celebration at Festa da Flor in Portugal 2024. This national festival is a tribute to spring with blooming streets and elaborate floral installations. Immerse yourself in Portuguese culture, taste traditional food, and witness the crowning of the Flower Queen. A perfect observance for nature lovers.

Flower Carpet in Brussels in Belgium

Brussels' Flower Carpet is an annual event held in the Grand Place, the city's central square. Every two years, the whole square is carpeted with begonias of a limited palette of colors, creating an impressive geometric designs. The event lasts four days and attracts thousands of visitors who admire the colorful 'carpet' and enjoy the accompanying live music, food and drinks.

Inside Paris’ $300m destination proposal business

Inside Paris’ $300m destination proposal business

Paris is the City of Light, Love and – apparently – overly elaborate proposals. Love is a currency that flows through the French capital like the Seine, bringing millions of visitors for a séjour. It’s also big business. 44 million tourists a year visit the city in the Île-de-France making it the most visited in the world. Around 36,000 tourists are there to pop the question. The proposal market is worth $300 million to the city. There are now entire consultancy businesses, geared around in getting tourists the answer they are looking for: “Yes!” Destination proposal planners command upwards of €5000 ($8800) for help securing the perfect rooftop location or book out that picturesque café for tourists. And the romance…

Source: NZ Herald
Categories: Society, Relationships, Recreation, Humor, Useless Pages, Transgendered, Coming Out, Advice, Business, Transportation and Logistics, Conferences, Arts and Entertainment

Russia vs the West: Is Putin winning?

Russia vs the West: Is Putin winning?

PARIS: Former US President George W Bush believed he had a “sense of his soul”. British ex-premier Tony Blair thought he deserved a place at the “top table”. And French President Emmanuel Macron invited him for hours of talks at his official holiday residence. For much of President Vladimir Putin’s two-and-a-half decades in power, Western leaders thought they understood the strategy of the Kremlin leader and argued that Russia merited a place as an international partner. But that approach was blown apart two years ago on Feb 24, 2022, when Putin ordered the invasion of Ukraine, consigning to a distant past images such as that of the smiling Russian leader bounding up the steps of Macron’s Mediterranean Fort de Bregancon…

Source: CNA
Categories: Society, Issues, Warfare and Conflict, Sports, Martial Arts, Russian, Politics

Verstappen eyes fourth title as rivals face ‘brutal’ reality

Verstappen eyes fourth title as rivals face ‘brutal’ reality

PARIS, Feb 25 — Max Verstappen looks set to cruise to a fourth consecutive drivers’ title with Red Bull as the dominant team again this year when the curtain rises on Formula One’s longest-ever season in Bahrain. Whatever the outcome of an independent investigation into allegations of controlling behaviour by team boss Christian Horner, Red Bull have built a crushing level of momentum and a stunning car that oozed potential in pre-season testing. With stable unchanged regulations and no changes to the driver line-ups, a year of deja vu is in prospect as the F1 circus embarks on a daunting and unprecedented run of 24 race weekends stretching to early December. Verstappen’s mental strength, the team’s well-oiled winning habit, the…

Source: Malay Mail
Categories: Computers, Robotics, Competitions, Sports, Motorsports, Auto Racing, Airsoft, Teams, Recreation, Kites, Display Teams, Adventure Racing

Verstappen Eyes Fourth Title As Rivals Face brutal Reality – UrduPoint

Verstappen Eyes Fourth Title As Rivals Face brutal Reality – UrduPoint

Paris, (APP – UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News – 25th Feb, 2024) Max Verstappen looks set to cruise to a fourth consecutive drivers’ title with Red Bull as the dominant team again this year when the curtain rises on Formula One’s longest-ever season in Bahrain. Whatever the outcome of an independent investigation into allegations of controlling behaviour by team boss Christian Horner, Red Bull have built a crushing level of momentum and a stunning car that oozed potential in pre-season testing. With stable unchanged regulations and no changes to the driver line-ups, a year of deja vu is in prospect as the F1 circus embarks on a daunting and unprecedented run of 24 race weekends stretching to early December. Verstappen’s…

Source: UrduPoint
Categories: Computers, Robotics, Competitions, Sports, Motorsports, Auto Racing, Airsoft, Teams, Adventure Racing

Brittany Mahomes’ trip to Mexico: That swimsuit! And is that Taylor Swift’s dress?

Brittany Mahomes’ trip to Mexico: That swimsuit! And is that Taylor Swift’s dress?

Brittany Mahomes — aka Sports Illustrated swimsuit model — created a buzz in Mexico over the weekend in a swimsuit held together with two gold-tone rings. But it was a minidress she wore that turned Swiftie heads. Eagle-eyed fans of Mahomes’ new NFL bestie, Taylor Swift, recognized something familiar in a photo of Mahomes hugging a friend from Texas, Mallory Moss, who was the star of a bachelorette party getaway. Mahomes wore a dress like one Swift modeled on one of the covers for Time magazine’s recent Person of the Year issue. Oddly, on Sunday, Swift’s A-list bestie Blake Lively posted a photo of hubby Ryan Reynolds wearing a corduroy plaid jacket that Swift’s beau Travis Kelce has been seen…

Source: Yahoo News
Categories: Sports, Bowling, Candlepin, Home, Entertaining, Holidays, Arts and Entertainment

As the Olympics loom, Parisians ask: Should we skip town? Games…

As the Olympics loom, Parisians ask: Should we skip town? Games…

PARIS (AP) – Before the Paris Olympics open and upend the French capital’s usual rhythms, retiree Pierre Schapira plans to hire a car and quit town. But with the intense Olympic security measures and traffic disruptions they’ll cause, will that even be doable? For his answer, Schapira went straight to the top – popping the question this week to chief of police Laurent Nunez himself. As he’s already done at other town hall meetings, did so again at this one, and will do at more to come, Nunez ever-so-patiently explained that Parisians are going to have to adapt to the July 26-Aug. 11 extravaganza but that it’s not going to put their lives and livelihoods on hold. “It’s not going…

Source: Daily Mail Online
Categories: Sports, Disabled, Mentally Challenged, Arts and Entertainment

As the Olympics loom, Parisians ask: Should we skip town? Games organizers work to win their hearts

As the Olympics loom, Parisians ask: Should we skip town? Games organizers work to win their hearts

PARIS (AP) — Before the Paris Olympics open and upend the French capital’s usual rhythms, retiree Pierre Schapira plans to hire a car and quit town. But with the intense Olympic security measures and traffic disruptions they’ll cause, will that even be doable? For his answer, Schapira went straight to the top — popping the question this week to chief of police Laurent Nunez himself. × Already a Subscriber? Sign in You are logged in Switch accounts As he’s already done at other town hall meetings, did so again at this one, and will do at more to come, Nunez ever-so-patiently explained that Parisians are going to have to adapt to the July 26-Aug. 11 extravaganza but that it’s not…

Source: The Star
Categories: Recreation, Humor, Useless Pages, Society, Transgendered, Coming Out, Interactive, Arts and Entertainment

LaLiga’s most unique club have Norwich connection and turning heads in Spain

LaLiga’s most unique club have Norwich connection and turning heads in Spain

Gran Canaria is vastly different to East Anglia – but the idyllic islands have long since attracted British tourists to its crystal shores. The islands, stranded off the coast of Africa, seem a far cry from the home of a top-division football team. However, Las Palmas achieved just that after they battled their way back into La Liga last season – five years after their last stint. The Canaries, as they’re known, are fighting their way up the table in Spain, sitting 9th after narrowly losing out to Real Madrid. However, thanks to their nickname they have an unlikely link to East Anglia – and to Norwich City. READ MORE: Inside Europe’s most remote football club on holiday island that…

Source: Daily Star
Categories: Sports

Chinese New Year celebrations kick off in Madrid

Chinese New Year celebrations kick off in Madrid

MADRID – Spain’s capital Madrid will welcome the Chinese Year of the Dragon with a series of activities, including parades, concerts, displays of Chinese artisan traditions, a culinary festival and a race across the city. The celebration plan, which will last until the end of February, was officially presented on Friday at a ceremony attended by Chinese Ambassador to Spain Yao Jing and Madrid’s Mayor Jose Luis Almeida. “I am very happy to partake in this festival together with the Chinese community and with the people of Madrid. Wherever I go in Spain, I feel the sympathy of the Spanish people towards China and their interest and passion for Chinese culture,” Yao said. Although the Chinese New Year festival, also…

Source: China Daily
Categories: Society, Religion and Spirituality, Falun Dafa, Business

Rape of woman: Brazilian footballer Dani Alves goes to trial

Rape of woman: Brazilian footballer Dani Alves goes to trial

Barcelona: Former Brazilian footballer Dani Alves, who was accused of raping a woman, went to trial here on Monday. Alves has been accused of raping a woman in a nightclub here during a holiday after the Qatar World Cup in 2022, Agence France-Presse reported. The prosecutors are demanding a nine-year prison sentence along with ten years of conditional liberty after that, under supervision. They are also demanding Alves pay the woman $162,000 in compensation. Alves, the 40-year-old defender, who was arrested in January last year, was lodged in a prison near Barcelona. The woman accused the footballer, who played defence for Barcelona, Juventus and Paris Saint-German, of raping her in a bathroom of the VIP area of the upmarket Sutton…

Source: english.madhyamam.com
Categories: Society, Crime, Issues, Crime and Justice, Murder, Victims, Unsolved, Sports

Freak hail storm pummels fern fields in northwest Volusia County

Freak hail storm pummels fern fields in northwest Volusia County

SEVILLE – A hailstorm that “came out of nowhere” Sunday evening dumped ice that collected on the black coverings over his fern fields, collapsing them on acres of greenery ready to be harvested for the Valentine’s Day market. The “freak storm” as the farmers called it, dumped up to 5 inches of ice in a 300-yard swath leaving acres of covering and twisted rebar on top of leather leaf fern and other plants. “I’ve never seen anything like this. My dad built this company in 1958, and I am 56, and this is the first time I’ve seen it hail like this,” said Stacy Jones, of Ronald Jones Ferneries on Monday. Jones expected to cut fern from his 48-acre field…

Source: Yahoo News
Categories: Society, Death, Recreation, Humor, Parodies, Business, Investing, Employment

Earnings call: Lesaka Technologies outlines robust growth in Q2 By Investing.com

Earnings call: Lesaka Technologies outlines robust growth in Q2 By Investing.com

Lesaka Technologies (ticker: LSAK) announced significant growth and resilience in its fiscal 2024 second quarter earnings call. Despite the challenging economic climate in South Africa, the company showcased a strong financial performance with a 13% year-on-year increase in revenue to ZAR2.7 billion and a 38% rise in group adjusted EBITDA to ZAR181 million. The company also reported a positive net income before tax of ZAR29 million, marking a substantial improvement from previous losses. The acquisition of Touchsides aims to expand Lesaka’s offerings and strengthen its position as a fintech leader in Africa. The company provided a positive outlook for the upcoming quarters, with expected revenue of ZAR2.7 billion to ZAR2.8 billion in Q3 and full-year guidance of ZAR10.7 billion to…

Source: Investing.com
Categories: Society, Work, Issues, Business, Home, Personal Finance, Opportunities, Opposing Views

Lesaka Technologies, Inc. (NASDAQ:LSAK) Q2 2024 Earnings Call Transcript

Lesaka Technologies, Inc. (NASDAQ:LSAK) Q2 2024 Earnings Call Transcript

Lesaka Technologies, Inc. isn’t one of the 30 most popular stocks among hedge funds at the end of the third quarter (see the details here). Operator: Hello, everyone, and welcome to the Lesaka Technologies Webcast and Conference Call for the Second Quarter of Fiscal 2024. As a reminder, the webcast is being recorded, and the presentation can be accessed through the webcast link as well as dialing into the Zoom conference call dial-in numbers provided. Management will address any questions you may have at the end of the presentation. [Operator Instructions] The Webcast link, Zoom conference call dial-in numbers as well as the press release and supplementary investor presentation are available on the Investor Relations website at ir.lesakatech.com. Additionally, Lesaka…

Source: Yahoo! Finance
Categories: Society, Work, Issues, Business, Home, Personal Finance, Opportunities, Opposing Views

‘Tropical’ island in Spain is warm in February and short flight from the UK

‘Tropical’ island in Spain is warm in February and short flight from the UK

San Sebastián de La Gomera: Aerial views show Canary Island town When looking for some winter sun, it may not cross our minds that the ideal destination could be closer than expected. However, one tropical island in Spain looks like the ideal spot for a mid-winter holiday, with mild weather and idyllic landscapes. La Gomera is one of the smaller islands in the Canary Islands archipelago, situated in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of northwest Africa. This stunning island is known for its stunning natural beauty, including deep ravines, lush valleys, and rugged cliffs, as well as its famously whitewashed cliffside village of La Calera. The island is home to dense forests, including the Garajonay National Park, a Unesco…

Source: EXPRESS

Spain’s iconic road trip route – including Europe’s most walkable city

Spain’s iconic road trip route – including Europe’s most walkable city

Spain has it all. From beaches to culture and UNESCO heritage sites, not to mention delicious seafood. With so much to see, Britons might be left struggling when it comes to choosing a holiday destination. But a gorgeous road trip route in southern Spain can help tourists tick off lots of sites in one holiday. Travelling from Malaga to Seville by car or the other way is a fascinating road trip which takes in beaches, history and city life. Flights to Malaga are reasonably cheap from the UK and while in the sunny city, tourists can check out the Picasso gallery, relax on one of the nearby beaches or marvel at the Alcazaba. From Malaga, it’s around two hours drive…

Source: EXPRESS
Categories: Sports, Water Sports, Surfing, Volleyball, Outdoors, Soccer, Beach Soccer, Basketball, Beach Basketball

Liverpool vs Chelsea result: Electric Conor Bradley scores first senior goal as hosts run riot

Liverpool vs Chelsea result: Electric Conor Bradley scores first senior goal as hosts run riot

Liverpool vs Chelsea result: Electric Conor Bradley scores first senior goal as hosts run riotKieran Crichard31 January 2024 at 11:57 pm A star is born. That is always a bold statement to make when it comes to playing for Liverpool, given their stellar history, but that is exactly what Conor Bradley is as he delivered the kind of performance that will be talked about for years to come. An outstanding goal, in only his second Premier League appearance, and two assists were followed by a rousing standing ovation as he was eventually substituted having humiliated an abject Chelsea. His name rang around The Kop – and that has to be earned. And it was earned. His replacement? It was Trent…

Source: AOL.com
Categories: Society, Transgendered, Coming Out, Work, Work-Life Balance, Sports

Europe Stocks Rise On US Tech Results, Before Key Data – UrduPoint

Europe Stocks Rise On US Tech Results, Before Key Data – UrduPoint

London, (APP – UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News – 2nd Feb, 2024) European equities rose Friday as investors digested bright tech earnings and awaited key US jobs data. New York had rebounded on Thursday as shares in US tech titans rose, reversing a selloff that had been sparked by the Fed dousing hopes of an imminent reduction in borrowing costs. Meta and Amazon blew through expectations in their latest quarterly results as Big Tech continued to impress. Meta, the tech titan behind Facebook and Instagram, reported a profit of $14 billion in the final three months of last year, beating analyst forecasts as revenue climbed to $40.1 billion in the quarter. Amazon also impressed investors with sales up to a…

Source: UrduPoint
Categories: Business, Investing, Stocks and Bonds, Society, Issues, Home, Personal Finance

Yields, dollar jump on blowout US jobs report, stocks edge up

NEW YORK/LONDON (Reuters) -Treasury yields jumped, the dollar surged and global equities edged higher on Friday after a blowout U.S. jobs report scuttled any lingering hopes for a near-term cut in interest rates and underscored a strong economy that can ward off a recession. Nonfarm payrolls increased by 353,000 jobs in January, the Labor Department’s Bureau of Labor Statistics said, almost double the 180,000 forecast by economists polled by Reuters. The benchmark 10-year Treasury note yield shot above 4% and the dollar gained against all major currencies as employers added far more jobs than expected and average hourly earnings increased 0.6% after rising 0.4% in December. The data came after the Federal Reserve on Wednesday pushed back against expectations for…

Source: StreetInsider.com
Categories: Business, Investing, Stocks and Bonds, Home, Personal Finance, Money Management, Guides

Plymouth showcases community spirit with year full of events

Plymouth showcases community spirit with year full of events

PLYMOUTH, Mich. – Local 4 News is getting out of the studio and hitting the road to be In Your Neighborhood! We’re showcasing what makes our communities great! There are a lot of things happening in Plymouth. It has a wide selection of shops, restaurants, Kellogg Park, the iconic Penn Theatre, and more. Below you can find a list of upcoming events in the city: April Plymouth’s Downtown Development Authority has organized the city’s Artisan Market, where local artisans set up in Kellogg Park and in The Gathering on Penniman Avenue. The Chamber of Commerce will be hosting a Spring Fever event that focuses on spring flowers. May A town favorite, the Farmers Market, starts back up in May and…

Source: WDIV
Categories: Recreation, Theme Parks, Individual Parks, Defunct, Guides, Water Parks, Arts and Entertainment

Yields and dollar jump, stocks rally on blowout US jobs report

NEW YORK/LONDON (Reuters) -Treasury yields jumped, the dollar surged and world equities rallied on Friday after a blowout U.S. jobs report scuttled any lingering expectations of a near-term cut in interest rates and highlighted a strong economy. Nonfarm payrolls increased by 353,000 jobs in January, the Labor Department’s Bureau of Labor Statistics said, almost double the 180,000 forecast by economists polled by Reuters. The benchmark 10-year Treasury note yield shot above 4% and the dollar gained against all major currencies as employers added far more jobs than expected and average hourly earnings increased 0.6% after rising 0.4% in December. The data came after the Federal Reserve on Wednesday pushed back against market expectations for an imminent rate cut, with Chair…

Source: StreetInsider.com
Categories: Business, Investing, Stocks and Bonds, Home, Personal Finance, Money Management, Commodities and Futures