Estonia

Estonia is a small country on the Baltic Sea in northern Europe, between Latvia and Russia. It has a population of 1.3 million and a land area of just over 45,000 square kilometers. Estonia is the most democratic of the post-Soviet countries and has a modern economy focused on services, which make up over 80 percent of the country’s GDP. Estonia is a member of the European Union, NATO, and the Council of Europe, and it is known as a hub for tech and has the most start-ups per capita.

Tourism in Estonia: A Guide to Experiencing the Festive Spirit

Estonia, a small but vibrant country in Northern Europe, is a hidden gem for tourists seeking a unique and enriching experience. With its rich history, stunning natural landscapes, and welcoming locals, Estonia has become an increasingly popular destination for travelers. And during the festive season, the country truly comes alive with a joyous and communal spirit that is sure to captivate any visitor.

Introducing the Festive Spirit

The festive season in Estonia is a time of celebration and togetherness. From the end of November until early January, the country is adorned with colorful lights and decorations, creating a warm and inviting atmosphere. The streets are filled with the sound of Christmas carols, and the smell of traditional Estonian cuisine wafts through the air. This is a time when locals and tourists alike come together to celebrate and enjoy the holiday season.

Unique Tourist Attractions

Estonia boasts a plethora of unique tourist attractions that are particularly popular during the festive season. One of the most iconic sights is the Tallinn Christmas Market, located in the heart of the capital city. This market offers a variety of traditional handicrafts, delicious food and drinks, and festive entertainment. Another must-visit attraction is the Viljandi Winter Folk Festival, where visitors can experience traditional Estonian music and dance performances.

General Overview

Aside from its festive attractions, Estonia has much to offer tourists throughout the year. The country’s capital city, Tallinn, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its well-preserved medieval Old Town. Other popular destinations include the picturesque Lahemaa National Park, the charming university town of Tartu, and the beautiful islands of Saaremaa and Hiiumaa.

Important Places

Tallinn’s Old Town is a must-visit for its charming cobblestone streets, medieval architecture, and numerous historical sites. The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Toompea Castle, and St. Olaf’s Church are just a few of the many notable landmarks within the Old Town. Other popular destinations include the Lahemaa National Park, which offers stunning nature trails and historic manor houses, and the picturesque town of Parnu, known for its beautiful beaches.

Activities

Estonia offers a wide range of activities for tourists to enjoy. During the festive season, visitors can partake in traditional Christmas markets, ice skating, and sleigh rides. For those seeking outdoor adventures, there are opportunities for skiing, snowshoeing, and dog sledding. In warmer months, tourists can enjoy hiking, biking, and water activities such as kayaking and boating.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Estonia has a well-developed public transportation system, making it easy for tourists to navigate the country. The capital city of Tallinn has an efficient network of buses, trams, and trolleys that connect all major attractions. In addition, there are also train and bus services that connect different cities and towns throughout the country. For those looking to explore more remote areas, renting a car is also a viable option.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

Citizens of the European Union do not require a visa to enter Estonia. However, visitors from other countries may need to obtain a Schengen visa before traveling. The application process can be done online or at an Estonian embassy or consulate in their home country.

Health and Safety

Estonia is generally a safe country for tourists, with low crime rates and a well-functioning healthcare system. However, it is always advisable to take precautions when traveling. It is recommended to have travel insurance, stay aware of your surroundings, and avoid walking alone at night.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Estonians are known for their reserved and introverted nature, but they are also very hospitable and welcoming to tourists. It is important to respect their customs and etiquette, such as removing shoes when entering someone’s home and avoiding loud or boisterous behavior in public places.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency in Estonia is the Euro (EUR). Most establishments accept credit cards, but it is always a good idea to have some cash on hand for smaller purchases. ATMs are widely available throughout the country, making it easy to withdraw money if needed.

Festive Activities in Estonia

The festive season in Estonia offers a variety of unique activities and experiences for tourists to indulge in. These activities are deeply rooted in the country’s traditions and customs, making them even more special.

One of the most beloved traditions is the lighting of the Christmas tree in Tallinn’s Town Hall Square. This event dates back to 1441 and is considered one of the oldest Christmas tree traditions in Europe. Visitors can also enjoy traditional Christmas markets, where they can find handcrafted gifts, local delicacies, and festive entertainment.

For a taste of Estonian culture, tourists can attend a traditional Christmas concert or performance. The Estonian National Opera House offers a variety of shows during the holiday season, including ballets and operas. Visitors can also experience traditional Estonian folk music at the Viljandi Winter Folk Festival.

Infrastructure & Transit During the Festive Season

The public transportation system in Estonia remains efficient even during the busy festive season. However, it is advisable to plan ahead and allow for extra time when traveling between cities. The streets can be crowded with tourists, and there may be delays due to inclement weather.

To make the most of your time in Estonia during this bustling period, it is recommended to book tickets for popular attractions and events in advance. This will ensure that you do not miss out on any must-see experiences.

Accommodation Options

Estonia offers a variety of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference. In the capital city of Tallinn, visitors can find luxury hotels, boutique guesthouses, and budget-friendly hostels. For a more unique experience, tourists can also stay in traditional Estonian farmhouses or countryside cottages.

During the festive season, it is advisable to book accommodation in advance as popular destinations tend to fill up quickly. Staying in the heart of the city allows for easy access to all the festive activities and attractions.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Estonia is known for its high-quality handicrafts, making it a great place to find unique souvenirs. The Old Town in Tallinn is a popular shopping destination, with its charming boutiques and markets offering a variety of traditional items such as hand-knitted woolens, wooden toys, and hand-painted ceramics.

For a taste of local flavors, visitors can also visit the central market in Tallinn, where they can find an array of delicious food products such as honey, chocolate, and smoked meats. Don’t forget to pick up a bottle of Vana Tallinn, Estonia’s famous liqueur, as a souvenir.

Technology and Connectivity

Estonia is known for its advanced technology and high-speed internet connection. Most hotels and restaurants offer free Wi-Fi for their guests. For those looking to stay connected while exploring the country, it is recommended to purchase a local SIM card or use a mobile hotspot device.

There are also several useful apps for travelers in Estonia, such as the Visit Estonia app for information on attractions and events, and the Estonian language app for basic phrases and translations.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Estonia is a leader in eco-tourism, with a strong focus on preserving its natural landscapes and promoting sustainable tourism practices. Visitors can enjoy a variety of outdoor activities such as hiking, biking, and birdwatching in the country’s many national parks.

For those looking for a more unique experience, there are also opportunities for ecotourism activities such as bog walking, where visitors can explore the country’s unique wetland ecosystems.

Local Festivals and Events

Aside from the popular Christmas markets and concerts, there are also smaller local festivals and events taking place around Estonia during the festive season. These include traditional folk festivals, winter sports competitions, and New Year’s Eve celebrations.

It is worth checking the local event calendars to see what smaller events may be happening during your visit. These can provide a more authentic experience and give insight into the country’s cultural traditions.

Practical Advice and Tips

When planning a trip to Estonia during the festive season, it is important to budget accordingly. Prices for accommodation and activities may be higher during this time, so it is advisable to plan ahead and book in advance to get the best deals.

In terms of safety, it is always recommended to be aware of your surroundings and take precautions when traveling. This includes keeping valuables secure and avoiding walking alone at night. It is also important to respect local customs and etiquette to ensure a positive experience for both tourists and locals.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

To make the most of your trip to Estonia during the festive season, it is important to have a comprehensive tourist guide. This should include information on the schedule for country events, how to acquire tickets, and the locations of different venues.

The optimal period for visiting Estonia is from late November to early January, during the festive season. However, visitors can also enjoy the country’s beauty and charm throughout the year. Some not-to-be-missed events and activities include the Tallinn Christmas Market, Viljandi Winter Folk Festival, and traditional Christmas concerts.

It is recommended to dress warmly during the winter months, as temperatures can drop below freezing. For festive occasions, it is appropriate to dress up in smart casual attire. It is also important to be mindful of local customs and practices, such as removing shoes when entering someone’s home and being respectful of personal space.

For those looking to interact with locals, learning a few common phrases in Estonian can go a long way. The most widely spoken language is Estonian, but English is also widely understood and spoken.

In case of emergencies, it is important to have vital contact numbers on hand. The emergency number in Estonia is 112 for police, ambulance, and fire services.

Conclusion

Estonia offers a unique and unforgettable experience for tourists during the festive season. From traditional Christmas markets to outdoor adventures and cultural events, there is something for everyone to enjoy. With its welcoming locals, efficient infrastructure, and stunning natural landscapes, Estonia is a must-visit destination for any traveler seeking a one-of-a-kind holiday experience

Estonia: A Small Country with Big Statistics

Estonia, a small country located in Northern Europe, may not be as well-known as its neighboring countries like Finland and Sweden. However, this Baltic state has a rich history, vibrant culture, and impressive statistics that make it stand out in the region. In this article, we will delve into the country’s statistics and explore what makes Estonia a unique and fascinating country.

Geography and Population

Estonia covers an area of 45,227 square kilometers, making it one of the smallest countries in Europe. It is bordered by Latvia to the south, Russia to the east, and the Gulf of Finland to the north. The country has a population of approximately 1.3 million people, with a majority of them being ethnic Estonians.

Capital City: Tallinn

Tallinn, the capital and largest city of Estonia, is also its cultural and economic center. With a population of over 400,000 people, it is home to one-third of the country’s total population. The city has a well-preserved medieval old town that attracts tourists from all over the world. It is also a major hub for information technology and has earned the nickname “Silicon Valley of Europe.”

Economy

Estonia has a developed high-income economy with a strong focus on technology and innovation. It is ranked as one of the top countries in Europe for ease of doing business by the World Bank. The country’s main industries include electronics, machinery and equipment, wood and paper products, and food products.

According to the World Bank, Estonia’s GDP per capita was $23,823 in 2020. The country has a low unemployment rate of 4.5% and a low inflation rate of 1.9%. Estonia also has a flat income tax rate of 20%, which is one of the lowest in the European Union.

Tourism

Estonia’s beautiful landscapes, historical sites, and cultural events make it a popular tourist destination. In 2019, the country welcomed over 3.8 million tourists, with the majority coming from neighboring countries such as Finland, Russia, and Latvia. The tourism industry contributes significantly to the country’s economy, accounting for 7% of its GDP.

Education and Healthcare

Estonia has a well-developed education system with a high literacy rate of 99.8%. The country has a strong focus on science and technology education, which has contributed to its success in the IT sector. Estonia also offers free education to its citizens from primary school to university.

The healthcare system in Estonia is ranked among the top in Europe. It is funded through taxes and provides universal healthcare coverage to all citizens. Life expectancy in Estonia is 75 years for males and 83 years for females, which is slightly lower than the European average.

Social Indicators

Estonia has made significant progress in improving its social indicators over the years. The poverty rate has decreased from 19% in 2008 to 14% in 2020. The country also has a low crime rate compared to other European countries.

Estonia is known for its gender equality, with women holding prominent positions in politics and business. In fact, the country ranks first in Europe for women’s participation in the labor force.

Internet and Technology

Estonia is often referred to as one of the most technologically advanced countries in Europe. It was the first country to introduce online voting in national elections in 2005. The country also has a high internet penetration rate of over 80%, and almost all government services are available online.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Estonia may be a small country, but it has a lot to offer. From its strong economy and focus on technology to its beautiful landscapes and rich culture, Estonia is a country worth exploring. Its impressive statistics only add to its charm and make it a unique and fascinating destination in Europe.

Sources:
– World Bank Data: https://data.worldbank.org/country/estonia
– Visit Estonia: https://www.visitestonia.com/en/why-estonia
– Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: https://vm.ee/en/estonia

  • What is the capital of Estonia?
    The capital of Estonia is Tallinn.
  • What is the population of Estonia?
    As of 2021, the population of Estonia is approximately 1.3 million people.
  • What is the official language of Estonia?
    The official language of Estonia is Estonian.
  • What is the currency used in Estonia?
    The currency used in Estonia is the Euro.
  • What is the climate like in Estonia?
    Estonia has a temperate climate with mild summers and cold winters.
  • What are some traditional dishes in Estonia?
    Some traditional dishes in Estonia include black bread, kama (a mixture of roasted barley, rye, oat and pea flour), and verivorst (blood sausage).
  • What is the most popular sport in Estonia?
    The most popular sport in Estonia is basketball.
  • What are some famous landmarks in Estonia?
    Some famous landmarks in Estonia include Tallinn Old Town, Lahemaa National Park, and Toompea Castle.
  • What is the drinking age in Estonia?
    The legal drinking age in Estonia is 18 years old.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Estonia?
    It depends on your nationality. Citizens of EU countries, as well as many other countries, do not need a visa to visit Estonia for up to 90 days.
  • Is English widely spoken in Estonia?
    Yes, English is widely spoken and understood in Estonia, especially in major cities and tourist areas.
  • What is the emergency number in Estonia?
    The emergency number in Estonia is 112.
  • What is the main religion in Estonia?
    The main religion in Estonia is Christianity, with the majority of the population belonging to the Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church.
  • What is the time zone in Estonia?
    Estonia is in the Eastern European Time Zone (EET), which is GMT+2.
  • What is the international calling code for Estonia?
    The international calling code for Estonia is +372.
  • Are credit cards widely accepted in Estonia?
    Yes, credit cards are widely accepted in Estonia, especially in major cities and tourist areas.
  • What are some traditional festivals and celebrations in Estonia?
    Some traditional festivals and celebrations in Estonia include Midsummer (Jaaniõhtu), Christmas (Jõulud), and Independence Day (Eesti Vabariigi aastapäev).
  • Is tap water safe to drink in Estonia?
    Yes, tap water is safe to drink in Estonia.
  • What is the voltage used in Estonia?
    The voltage used in Estonia is 230V, with a frequency of 50Hz. You may need an adapter if you are from a country with a different voltage.
  • What is the dress code like in Estonia?
    Estonians tend to dress casually but neatly. In more formal settings, business attire is appropriate.
  • Are there any specific cultural customs or etiquette I should be aware of when visiting Estonia?
    Some cultural customs and etiquette to be aware of when visiting Estonia include greeting people with a handshake, removing shoes when entering someone's home, and not being overly loud or expressive in public.
  • What is the best way to get around Estonia?
    The best way to get around Estonia is by public transportation, such as buses and trains. Taxis are also readily available.
  • Is Estonia a safe country for tourists?
    Yes, Estonia is generally a safe country for tourists. However, it is always important to take common safety precautions, such as being aware of your surroundings and not leaving valuables unattended.
  • What is the best time of year to visit Estonia?
    The best time to visit Estonia is during the summer months (June-August) when the weather is mild and there are many outdoor activities and festivals to enjoy.
  • What is the legal age for smoking in Estonia?
    The legal age for smoking in Estonia is 18 years old.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Estonia?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Estonia include handmade woolen items, traditional handicrafts, and Estonian chocolate and marzipan.
  • Are there any specific cultural or historical sites related to Estonia's Soviet past?
    Yes, there are several sites related to Estonia's Soviet past, including the Museum of Occupations in Tallinn and the Patarei Sea Fortress-Prison in Tallinn.
  • Is it customary to tip in restaurants in Estonia?
    It is not customary to tip in restaurants in Estonia, as a service charge is usually included in the bill. However, rounding up the bill or leaving a small tip (5-10%) is appreciated.
  • What is the legal age for driving in Estonia?
    The legal age for driving in Estonia is 18 years old.
  • Can I use my cell phone in Estonia?
    Yes, you can use your cell phone in Estonia, but be sure to check with your service provider for international roaming fees.
  • What is the official tourism website for Estonia?
    The official tourism website for Estonia is https://www.visitestonia.com/.
  • Are there any specific health concerns or vaccinations required for visiting Estonia?
    There are no specific health concerns or vaccinations required for visiting Estonia. However, it is always recommended to be up-to-date on routine vaccinations.
  • What are some popular activities and attractions in Estonia?
    Some popular activities and attractions in Estonia include exploring Tallinn Old Town, visiting Lahemaa National Park, and relaxing on the beaches of Pärnu.
  • What is the average cost of a meal in a restaurant in Estonia?
    The average cost of a meal in a restaurant in Estonia is around 10-15 euros per person.
  • Can I use my credit/debit card to withdraw cash from ATMs in Estonia?
    Yes, you can use your credit/debit card to withdraw cash from ATMs in Estonia. Just be sure to inform your bank beforehand to avoid any issues with international transactions.
  • What are some traditional Estonian songs and music styles?
    Some traditional Estonian songs and music styles include regilaul (ancient runic songs), folk music, and choral music.
  • Is there any traditional dance in Estonia?
    Yes, the most well-known traditional dance in Estonia is called the polka (polkatants).
  • Are there any specific rules or regulations for smoking in public places in Estonia?
    Yes, smoking is not allowed in public indoor spaces, including restaurants, bars, and public transportation. There are designated smoking areas outside of these spaces.
  • Is it safe to drink alcohol in Estonia?
    Yes, it is safe to drink alcohol in Estonia. However, as with any country, it is important to drink responsibly and be aware of your surroundings.
  • What is the official language of Estonia?
    The official language of Estonia is Estonian.
  • What is the most popular mode of transportation within Tallinn?
    The most popular mode of transportation within Tallinn is by tram or bus.
  • Are there any specific customs or traditions related to gift-giving in Estonia?
    It is not customary to give gifts for every occasion in Estonia. However, if invited to someone's home, it is polite to bring a small gift, such as flowers or chocolates.

A Closer Look at Estonia

Estonia Flag

Estonia

Estonia Formation Date

The formation of Estonia as an independent state occurred on February 24, 1918.

Estonia Capital Name

The capital of Estonia is Tallinn.

Estonia Neighbours

  1. Finland Finland
  2. Latvia Latvia

Exploring Estonia

Exploring the Enchanting Land of Estonia: A Cultural and Geographical Odyssey

Located in Northern Europe, Estonia is a small yet significant country that has been gaining popularity among travelers in recent years. With a rich history, diverse culture, and breathtaking landscapes, this Baltic gem has a lot to offer to its visitors. In this article, we will delve into the various aspects of Estonia, from its geography and origin to its government and economy, providing you with a comprehensive understanding of this enchanting land.

Key Takeaways:

- Estonia is a small country in Northern Europe with a rich history and diverse culture. - It is known for its breathtaking landscapes, including forests, lakes, and coastal areas. - The country has a parliamentary republic government system and is a member of the European Union. - The economy of Estonia is driven by various sectors, including technology, manufacturing, and tourism. - The population of Estonia is predominantly Estonian, with a significant Russian minority. - The country has a vibrant culture, with traditional art, music, festivals, and holidays celebrated throughout the year. - Estonian is the official language, but Russian and English are widely spoken. - The dominant religion in Estonia is Christianity, with a growing number of people identifying as non-religious. - Education and healthcare systems in Estonia are well-developed and accessible to all citizens. - Popular sports in Estonia include football, basketball, and ice hockey. - Tourism is an essential industry in Estonia, with many historical sites, natural attractions, and modern cities to explore.

Geography:

Estonia is situated on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe. It shares borders with Russia to the east and Latvia to the south. The country's terrain is characterized by lowlands and marshes in the north and central regions, while the southern part is hilly and covered in forests. Estonia is also known for its beautiful coastline, with over 2,000 islands and islets scattered along the Baltic Sea. The country is rich in natural resources, including oil shale, phosphorite, and peat. Its climate is temperate, with mild summers and cold winters. The weather can be unpredictable, with frequent changes in temperature and occasional snowfall in the winter months.

Origin and History:

Estonia's history dates back to ancient times when it was inhabited by Finno-Ugric tribes. In the 13th century, the country was conquered by the Teutonic Order and later became part of the Swedish Empire. In the 18th century, Estonia came under Russian rule and remained a part of the Russian Empire until World War I. After gaining independence from Russia in 1918, Estonia faced several challenges, including Soviet occupation during World War II. However, in 1991, Estonia regained its independence and has since become a thriving democratic nation.

Government and Politics:

Estonia is a parliamentary republic with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government. The country has a unicameral parliament called the Riigikogu, which consists of 101 members elected through a proportional representation system. Estonia has 15 administrative divisions, including 15 counties and 79 municipalities. The country is also a member of various international organizations, including the United Nations, NATO, and the European Union.

Commerce and Economy:

Estonia has a highly developed economy driven by various sectors such as technology, manufacturing, and tourism. The country is known for its advanced digital infrastructure and e-government services. It also has a favorable business environment, making it an attractive destination for foreign investment. The currency used in Estonia is the Euro, and the country has strong trade relations with its neighboring countries, as well as other European countries. Tourism is also a significant contributor to the economy, with many historical sites, natural attractions, and modern cities to explore.

Demographics:

The population of Estonia is estimated to be around 1.3 million people, with a majority of the population being ethnic Estonians. The country also has a significant Russian minority, making up about 24% of the population. Other ethnic groups include Ukrainians, Belarusians, and Finns. The median age in Estonia is 42 years, with a slightly higher percentage of females than males. The country has a high literacy rate of 99.8%, and education is free and compulsory for children aged 7-17.

Culture:

Estonia has a vibrant culture that is influenced by its history and geographical location. Traditional art forms such as woodcarving, weaving, and pottery are still practiced in rural areas. Music is also an essential part of Estonian culture, with choral singing being a popular tradition. The country celebrates various festivals and holidays throughout the year, including Midsummer's Day, Independence Day, and Christmas. Estonians also have unique traditions and superstitions that are deeply rooted in their culture.

Languages and Religion:

The official language of Estonia is Estonian, which belongs to the Finno-Ugric language family. Russian is also widely spoken due to the significant Russian minority in the country. English is becoming increasingly popular, especially among the younger generation. The dominant religion in Estonia is Christianity, with the majority of the population belonging to the Lutheran Church. However, there has been a growing number of people identifying as non-religious in recent years.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

Education in Estonia is highly valued and accessible to all citizens. The country has a well-developed education system, with a high literacy rate and a strong emphasis on science and technology. Higher education is also free for Estonian citizens. The healthcare system in Estonia is also well-developed, with universal healthcare coverage for all citizens. The country has a high life expectancy and low infant mortality rate, making it one of the healthiest countries in the world.

Sports and Recreation:

Estonians are known for their love of sports, with football, basketball, and ice hockey being the most popular. The country has produced many successful athletes, including Olympic medalists and world champions. Estonia's natural landscapes also provide ample opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, cycling, and skiing. The country's national parks and nature reserves are perfect for nature lovers and offer a chance to see some of Estonia's unique flora and fauna.

Tourism:

Tourism is an essential industry in Estonia, with many historical sites, natural attractions, and modern cities to explore. The capital city of Tallinn is a popular destination, known for its well-preserved medieval old town and vibrant cultural scene. Other must-visit places in Estonia include the Lahemaa National Park, the island of Saaremaa, and the university town of Tartu. The country also offers various activities such as hiking, birdwatching, and visiting traditional villages to experience the local way of life.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

To visit Estonia, most foreign visitors will need a valid passport and may require a visa depending on their nationality. The currency used is the Euro, and credit cards are widely accepted. It is recommended to have some cash on hand for smaller purchases. Estonia is generally a safe country to travel to, but it is always advisable to take precautions against pickpocketing and other petty crimes. The country has a well-developed transportation system, with buses, trains, and ferries connecting major cities and towns.

Quotes:

- "Estonia is the little country that could." - President Toomas Hendrik Ilves - "Estonia has become a leader in digital innovation." - Prime Minister Jüri Ratas - "Estonia is a country where nature and technology coexist in harmony." - Unknown

Summary:

Estonia is a small yet significant country in Northern Europe with a rich history, diverse culture, and breathtaking landscapes. Its government system, economy, and social systems are well-developed, making it an attractive destination for travelers. With its unique blend of old-world charm and modern advancements, Estonia is a must-visit for anyone looking for an unforgettable travel experience.

Insights into Estonia's Future Developments:

Estonia continues to make strides in technology and innovation, solidifying its position as a leader in the digital world. The country also aims to become carbon-neutral by 2050, emphasizing sustainability and environmental protection. With ongoing developments in various sectors, Estonia's future looks bright and promising.

Estonia Highest Point Name

The highest point in Estonia is called Suur Munamägi and it is 318 meters (1,043 feet) above sea level.

Estonia Capital Longitude

Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, is located at 59.436962° N, 24.753574° E.

Estonia Capital Latitude

Tallinn, 59.436962° N

Estonia Official Languages

The official languages of Estonia is Estonian

Estonia Ethnic Groups

In Estonia, the majority of the population is ethnically Estonian. In addition, there are smaller populations of Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians, Finns, Latvians and various other ethnic groups. As of 2018, the population of Estonia was estimated to be 1,326,535 people, with 68.7% being ethnic Estonians and 25.6% being ethnic Russians. Other ethnic minorities include Ukrainians (2.2%), Belarusians (0.8%), Finns (0.6%) and Latvians (0.3%). More recent migrants to Estonia, mostly from other European countries, are also present in the country today and account for about 3.7% of the population.

Estonia Religions

Religion in Estonia is largely irreligious: almost three-quarters of the population is non-religious, and the remainder is mostly Christian. The two most significant religions in Estonia are Eastern Orthodoxy and Lutheranism. Approximately 16 percent of Estonia's population belongs to the Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church, which is the largest religious body in the country. The remainder of the religious population is comprised of Old Believers, Baptists, Pentecostals, Seventh-day Adventists, Jehovah's Witnesses, the Roman Catholic Church, the Orthodox Church of Jerusalem, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and a number of other Protestant denominations.

Estonia Total Area

Total area: 45,227 square kilometers (17,462 square miles).

Estonia Land Area

The land area of Estonia is 45,227 square kilometers (17,462 square miles).

Estonia Water Area

Estonia's territorial waters cover an area of 12,424 km2 (4,785 sq mi). This includes 859 km2 (332 sq mi) of sea area in the Baltic Sea. In addition, Estonia also has 202 km2 (78 sq mi) of freshwater lakes and rivers.

Estonia Total Population

1,323,820 (as of 2019).

Estonia Currency Name

The official currency of Estonia is the euro (symbol €).

Estonia Currency Code

The currency code for Estonia is EUR.

Estonia Currency Symbol

EEK

Estonia Time Zones

  • Standard Time: UTC+02:00
  • Daylight Saving Time: UTC+03:00

Estonia is in the Eastern European Time Zone (EET). It uses UTC+2 throughout the year for standard time and UTC+3 for daylight saving time, which runs from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October each year. At that time the clocks are shifted forward by one hour. During the summer, Estonia is on Eastern European Summer Time (EEST).

Estonia Calling Code

+372

Estonia Internet TLD

www.aveholidays.ee

How to Say "Estonia" In Different Languages?

Croatian
Estonija (hr-HR)
Czech
Estonsko (cs-CZ)
Danish
Estland (da-DK)
Finnish
Viro (fi-FI)
French
Estonie (fr-FR)
German
Estland (de-DE)
Greek
Εσθονία (el-GR)
Chinese
爱沙尼亚 (zh-HK)
Hungarian
Észtország (hu-HU)
Italian
Estonia (it-IT)
Japanese
エストニア (ja-JP)
Dutch
Estland (nl-NL)
Norwegian
Estland (no-NO)
Polish
Estonia (pl-PL)
Portuguese
Estónia (pt-PT)
Russian
Эстония (ru-RU)
Spanish
Estonia (es-ES)
Swedish
Estland (sv-SE)
Turkish
Estonya (tr-TR)
Ukrainian
Естонія (uk-UA)

Estonia Popular Holidays

New Year's Day
1 January
Independence Day
24 February
Mother's Day
14 March
Good Friday
2 April
Easter Sunday
4 April
Easter Monday
5 April
Spring Day
1 May
Victory Day
23 June
St. John's Day
24 June
Day of Restoration of Independence
20 August
Christmas Eve
24 December
Christmas Day
25 December
Sts.Stephen's Day
26 December

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Upcoming Holidays in Estonia

National and Public Holidays in Estonia next days/week/month/year

Independence Day in Estonia

"Experience the vibrant celebration of Estonia's National Independence Day, a public holiday filled with patriotic turmoil and cultural pride. As the country commemorates its journey towards sovereignty, immerse yourself in the colorful traditions and festivities, from parades to traditional cuisine, and witness the enduring spirit of Estonia's independence."

Mother Tongue Day in Estonia

"Join in on the celebration of diversity and national pride with Estonia's Mother Tongue Day, a public holiday dedicated to honoring the country's rich linguistic heritage. From traditional folk songs to modern literature, immerse yourself in the unique culture of Estonia while strolling through the charming streets of Tallinn. A must-experience for every language lover!"

Good Friday in Estonia

"Experience the solemn and sacred observance of Good Friday in the charming country of Estonia. Immerse yourself in the rich cultural traditions as the local community commemorates this national holiday with processions, church services, and traditional customs. A meaningful and memorable holiday to add to your travel itinerary."

Easter Sunday in Estonia

Easter Sunday in Estonia is a festive national holiday filled with colorful traditions and local cuisine. From egg painting and traditional church services to indulging in delicious Easter bread and smoked ham, this observance is a must-visit to experience the authentic culture of Estonia.

Easter – Christian Catholic

Easter is a Christian holiday that celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ. It is the most important religious feast of the year in the Catholic Church. Every year, Easter Sunday falls on the first Sunday after the full moon following the vernal equinox. This usually falls on the first Sunday in April. On this day, Christians attend special services in honor of the resurrection, and exchange decorated Easter eggs and gifts. Traditionally, families and friends gather for a celebratory meal.

Easter Sunday

Easter Sunday is a Christian holiday that celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ three days after his death. It is one of the most important and oldest Christian festivals, which is celebrated with religious services, feasts, and egg hunts. During the holiday season, many churches will celebrate with food, singing, and special services. In many countries, Easter is a public holiday and is celebrated by families in various ways, including decorating eggs and exchanging gifts.

Europe Day

Europe Day celebrates the Schumann Declaration of 1950 that marked the beginning of closer European integration and the birth of the European Union. It is observed annually on May 9.

European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism

The European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism is commemorated annually on August 23. It is intended to pay tribute to the victims of two of the most oppressive systems in modern history and reflect on the atrocities committed under totalitarian regimes.

Grandparents’ Day in Estonia

Grandparents' Day is a observance in Estonia

European Heritage Days

European Heritage Days is a yearly event held on the second weekend in September. It is an opportunity to explore the cultural and architectural heritage of Europe, as well as to learn about the different regions and different traditions of the continent. The event includes open days for historic monuments, guided tours, events, workshops and other activities. It is a celebration of Europe’s rich and diverse cultural heritage, and a reminder of the importance of preserving it.

Upcoming Festivals in Estonia

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Special Working Day in Taiwan

Welcome to 'Special Working Day, Taiwan.' For nearly a decade, we, the people of Taiwan, have commemorated this day by gathering together and recognizing those who strive to make our nation a better place. Special Working Day is a working day on weekend in Taiwan.

Yukon Heritage Day in Canada

Join the celebration of Canada's rich cultural legacy on Yukon Heritage Day. Held annually on the first Monday in August, this public holiday pays homage to the diverse traditions and customs of the Yukon Territory. From street performances to traditional feasts, experience the vibrancy of this unique Canadian festival.

Founding Day Public Sector Holiday in Saudi Arabia

"As the vibrant culture of Saudi Arabia continues to thrive, the Founding Day Public Sector Holiday stands as a testament to the country's rich heritage and development. Celebrated nationwide, this public holiday honours the establishment of Saudi Arabia and its significance in shaping the nation. Join in the festivities and discover the beauty of this local holiday."

Defender of the Fatherland Day in Belarus

"Belarus' Defender of the Fatherland Day, a national holiday celebrated annually on February 23rd, pays tribute to the brave men and women who have dedicated their lives to protecting their country. This festival showcases the rich cultural heritage and unbreakable spirit of the Belarusian people. A must-visit for any curious traveler."

Defender of the Fatherland Day in Russia

This year, on February 23rd, Russia celebrates Defender of the Fatherland Day, a national holiday honoring the courage and dedication of its armed forces. This day is marked with parades, fireworks, and heartfelt tributes to the brave men and women who protect and defend the nation. A must-see experience for any traveler!

Emperor’s Birthday in Japan

"Experience the grandeur and tradition of a National Holiday in Japan as the entire country celebrates the Emperor's Birthday. From colorful parades to elaborate ceremonies, immerse yourself in the rich cultural heritage of Japan on this highly-anticipated observance day. Don't miss out on the festivities and book your trip to Japan now!"

Navam Full Moon Poya Day in Sri Lanka

"Experience the spiritual and cultural significance of Navam Full Moon Poya Day in Sri Lanka, a national holiday observed by Buddhists. Immerse yourself in ancient rituals and colourful processions during this festival of lights, as devotees gather to pay homage to Lord Buddha. A must-see for any traveller seeking a unique and insightful cultural experience."

Mashramani (Republic Day) in Guyana

"Experience the vibrant celebrations of Mashramani, Guyana's national festival and observance of Republic Day. Immerse yourself in the colorful parades, lively music, and mouth-watering cuisine that showcase the country's rich cultural heritage. A must-see for any traveler seeking an unforgettable holiday in South America!"

Defender of the Fatherland Day in Kyrgyzstan

"Join the vibrant celebrations of Defender of the Fatherland Day in Kyrgyzstan, a national holiday honoring the bravery and sacrifice of those who have fought for their country. With colorful parades, traditional music and local delicacies, this festival is a true testament to the strong patriotic spirit of the Kyrgyz people."

National Day in Brunei

"Experience the vibrant colors and rich traditions of Brunei on their National Day, a joyous public holiday celebrated on February 23rd. Immerse yourself in local cultural performances, indulge in mouth-watering delicacies, and witness the grand parade showcasing the country's pride and patriotism. A must-visit for any cultural enthusiast and travel aficionado."

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