Latvia

Latvia is a small yet vibrant Baltic country located in Northern Europe. It is bordered by Estonia, Lithuania, Belarus, and Russia, and is divided into four distinct historical regions – Kurzeme, Zemgale, Vidzeme, and Latgale. It has a rich cultural heritage, many historical sights, forests, rivers and lakes, and sandy beaches. Although it is one of the least-populated countries in the EU, Latvia offers a wealth of experiences for visitors, from cities and cultural attractions to outdoor activities in nature.

Tourism in Latvia: A Festive and Adventurous Experience

Latvia, a small country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe, may not be the first destination that comes to mind when planning a trip. However, this hidden gem offers a unique and unforgettable experience for tourists, especially during the festive season. With its picturesque landscapes, rich culture, and welcoming locals, Latvia is a must-visit destination for any traveler seeking an off-the-beaten-path adventure.

Introducing the Festive Spirit

Latvia is known for its festive spirit, with celebrations and events happening throughout the year. The country’s rich cultural heritage is reflected in its various festivals and traditions, making it an ideal destination for those looking to immerse themselves in a new culture. During the festive season, the entire country is adorned with colorful decorations, creating a warm and inviting atmosphere that is hard to resist.

Unique Tourist Attractions

While Latvia may be small in size, it is abundant in natural beauty and historical landmarks. The country boasts several UNESCO World Heritage sites, including the historic center of Riga, the capital city. Other popular tourist attractions include the stunning Gauja National Park, the medieval Turaida Castle, and the picturesque seaside town of Jurmala. During the festive season, these attractions are particularly popular as they offer a unique experience with holiday-themed events and activities.

General Overview

Latvia’s diverse landscape offers something for every type of traveler. From exploring ancient castles to hiking through lush forests and relaxing on sandy beaches, there is no shortage of things to do in this charming country. The country’s capital city, Riga, is a vibrant mix of old-world charm and modern sophistication, making it a must-visit destination for tourists.

Important Places

Riga is undoubtedly the top destination in Latvia, but the country has much more to offer. For history buffs, the town of Sigulda, also known as the “Latvian Switzerland,” is a must-visit with its stunning medieval castle and picturesque landscapes. The coastal town of Liepaja is another popular destination, famous for its white sandy beaches and vibrant music scene.

Activities

In addition to sightseeing, Latvia offers a plethora of activities for tourists to indulge in. During the winter months, skiing and snowboarding are popular activities in the country’s many ski resorts. In the summer, tourists can enjoy water sports, hiking, and cycling through the country’s beautiful nature reserves. For a unique experience, visitors can also participate in traditional Latvian activities such as sauna rituals and traditional folk dancing.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Latvia has a well-developed public transportation system, making it easy for tourists to get around. The country’s capital city has an extensive network of buses, trams, and trolleybuses, while smaller towns have reliable bus services. Taxis are also readily available and affordable. During the festive season, it is advisable to book transportation in advance as there may be increased demand.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

Most visitors to Latvia do not require a visa if they are staying for less than 90 days. However, it is essential to check the visa requirements based on your nationality before traveling. Visitors from countries that require a visa can apply for one at the nearest Latvian embassy or consulate.

Health and Safety

Latvia is generally a safe country for tourists. However, it is always advisable to take precautions while traveling. It is recommended to have travel insurance that covers medical expenses and emergency evacuation. As with any destination, it is essential to be aware of your surroundings and avoid any risky behavior. Tap water in Latvia is safe to drink, but it is advisable to stick to bottled water for the duration of your trip.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Latvians are known for their warm hospitality, and it is essential to respect their customs and traditions while visiting the country. It is customary to greet people with a handshake and maintain eye contact while speaking. It is also polite to remove your shoes when entering someone’s home. When dining out, it is customary to leave a small tip for good service.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency in Latvia is the Euro (EUR). Credit cards are widely accepted in major cities, but it is always advisable to carry some cash for smaller purchases. ATMs are also readily available throughout the country.

Festive Activities

During the festive season, Latvia comes alive with various events and activities that are unique to the country. One of the most popular traditions is the Latvian Christmas market, where visitors can find traditional handicrafts, local delicacies, and mulled wine. Another must-visit event is the Latvian Song and Dance Festival, held every five years in Riga, showcasing traditional Latvian music and dance.

Infrastructure & Transit

With an increase in tourism during the festive season, Latvia’s public transportation system may experience some delays. It is advisable to plan your travel in advance and allow extra time for potential delays. Taxis may also be in high demand during this time, so it is best to book them in advance.

Accommodation Options

Latvia offers a range of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference. In major cities like Riga, visitors can choose from luxury hotels, boutique guesthouses, and budget-friendly hostels. For a unique experience, tourists can also opt to stay in traditional Latvian farmhouses or countryside cottages.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Latvia is known for its high-quality handicrafts, including woolen sweaters, wooden toys, and amber jewelry. The capital city of Riga has several shopping districts and markets where visitors can find these traditional items. The Central Market in Riga is a must-visit for food lovers, offering a variety of local produce and delicacies.

Technology and Connectivity

Latvia has excellent internet connectivity, with free Wi-Fi available in most public places. Visitors can also purchase a local SIM card to stay connected during their trip. Several apps are available for navigation, language translation, and booking events and activities.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Latvia is committed to promoting eco-tourism and sustainable travel practices. Visitors can participate in various eco-friendly activities such as hiking, cycling, and bird-watching in the country’s national parks. It is essential to respect the environment and follow responsible tourism practices to preserve Latvia’s natural beauty.

Local Festivals and Events

In addition to the major festivals and events, Latvia also has smaller local festivals that take place throughout the year. These events offer a unique insight into the country’s culture and traditions and are worth experiencing for an authentic Latvian experience.

Practical Advice and Tips

It is advisable to plan your trip to Latvia in advance, especially during the festive season. Book accommodations, transportation, and tickets for events in advance to avoid any last-minute hassles. It is also essential to budget for your trip accordingly, taking into account any seasonal price increases.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

For the best experience in Latvia, it is recommended to visit during the summer months from June to August. However, the festive season from November to January also offers a unique and magical experience. The country’s official tourism website provides a comprehensive guide to all the events and activities happening during this time, along with information on ticket acquisition and venue locations.

Attire and Cultural Etiquette

Latvia experiences cold winters and mild summers, so it is essential to pack accordingly. For the festive season, it is customary to dress up for events and celebrations. It is also important to be respectful of local customs and practices, such as removing your shoes when entering someone’s home.

Language Assistance

While Latvian is the official language, English is widely spoken in major cities and tourist areas. However, it is always appreciated when visitors make an effort to learn a few basic phrases in Latvian. The official tourism website provides a helpful guide to common phrases to facilitate communication with the locals.

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergency, visitors can dial 112 for police, ambulance, or fire services. It is also advisable to have the contact information for your embassy or consulate in Latvia.

In conclusion, Latvia offers a unique and unforgettable experience for tourists, especially during the festive season. With its rich culture, stunning landscapes, and warm hospitality, this hidden gem in Northern Europe is a must-visit destination for any traveler seeking an off-the-beaten-path adventure. So pack your bags and get ready to immerse yourself in the festive spirit of Latvia!

Discover the Fascinating Statistics of Latvia

Located in Northern Europe, Latvia is a small country with a rich history and a unique culture. Despite its size, this Baltic nation has a lot to offer, from stunning natural landscapes to vibrant cities and a strong economy. In this article, we will delve into the statistics of Latvia and explore some interesting facts about this beautiful country.

Geography and Population

Latvia covers an area of 64,589 square kilometers and has a population of approximately 1.9 million people. The country is bordered by Estonia to the north, Russia to the east, Belarus to the southeast, and Lithuania to the south. Its capital city, Riga, is also the largest city in the country with a population of over 600,000.

Ethnicity and Languages

Latvia is a diverse country with a mix of different ethnic groups. According to the latest census data, Latvians make up 62% of the population, followed by Russians at 25%, Belarusians at 3.5%, Ukrainians at 2.4%, and other ethnic groups at 7.1%. The official language of Latvia is Latvian, which is spoken by 62% of the population. Russian is also widely spoken, especially in urban areas.

Economy and Industries

Latvia has a developed market economy with a high-income status. Its GDP per capita is $16,500, making it one of the wealthiest countries in Eastern Europe. The main industries in Latvia include manufacturing, agriculture, and services such as tourism and finance. Some of the top exports of Latvia are wood products, machinery and equipment, food products, and textiles.

Tourism

Tourism plays a significant role in Latvia’s economy, with over 2 million tourists visiting the country each year. The most popular destinations for tourists are the capital city Riga, the coastal city of Jurmala, and the picturesque Gauja National Park. Latvia’s rich cultural heritage, beautiful landscapes, and affordable prices make it an attractive destination for travelers.

Education and Literacy

Education is highly valued in Latvia, with a literacy rate of 99.9%. The country has a well-developed education system, with both public and private schools. Education is compulsory for children aged 5 to 18, and the government provides free education up to the university level. Some of the top universities in Latvia include the University of Latvia, Riga Technical University, and the Latvian Academy of Arts.

Healthcare

Latvia has a universal healthcare system, which provides free or low-cost medical care to its citizens. The country has a high life expectancy of 74 years for men and 80 years for women. The leading causes of death in Latvia are cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and respiratory diseases.

Technology and Internet Usage

Latvia is known as one of the most technologically advanced countries in Europe. It has a high internet penetration rate of 79%, with over 1.5 million internet users. The country is also a leader in e-government services, with over 90% of government services available online.

Sports and Recreation

Sports are an essential part of Latvian culture, with ice hockey being the most popular sport in the country. Other popular sports include basketball, football, and volleyball. Latvia has produced many successful athletes, including Olympic medalists in various sports.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Latvia may be a small country, but it has a lot to offer in terms of its geography, population, economy, and culture. With a strong focus on education and technology, this Baltic nation continues to thrive and attract visitors from all over the world. We hope this article has given you some insight into the fascinating statistics of Latvia

  • Where is Latvia located?
    Latvia is located in Northern Europe, bordered by Estonia to the north, Russia to the east, Belarus to the southeast, and Lithuania to the south.
  • What is the capital of Latvia?
    The capital of Latvia is Riga.
  • What is the official language of Latvia?
    The official language of Latvia is Latvian.
  • What is the currency used in Latvia?
    The currency used in Latvia is the Euro (EUR).
  • What is the population of Latvia?
    As of 2021, the population of Latvia is approximately 1.9 million people.
  • What are some popular dishes in Latvia?
    Some popular dishes in Latvia include grey peas with bacon, pork chops with sauerkraut, and potato pancakes.
  • What is the traditional drink in Latvia?
    The traditional drink in Latvia is black balsam, a herbal liqueur made from various plants and spices.
  • What are some popular Latvian folk songs?
    Some popular Latvian folk songs include 'Saule, Pērkons, Daugava' and 'Līgo'.
  • What are some must-visit tourist attractions in Latvia?
    Some must-visit tourist attractions in Latvia include Riga Old Town, Jurmala Beach, and Gauja National Park.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Latvia?
    It depends on your nationality. Citizens of EU/EEA countries and certain other countries do not need a visa to visit Latvia for up to 90 days. You can check the visa requirements on the website of the Latvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  • What is the best time to visit Latvia?
    The best time to visit Latvia is from May to September, when the weather is pleasant and there are many outdoor activities and festivals happening.
  • What is the weather like in Latvia?
    The weather in Latvia is temperate, with warm summers and cold winters. The average temperature in summer is around 20°C (68°F) and in winter it can drop to -5°C (23°F).
  • What is the national animal of Latvia?
    The national animal of Latvia is the white wagtail, a small bird with a distinctive black and white pattern on its tail.
  • Is tap water safe to drink in Latvia?
    Yes, tap water is safe to drink in Latvia. It is of high quality and regularly tested.
  • What is the emergency number in Latvia?
    The emergency number in Latvia is 112, which can be used for police, fire, and medical emergencies.
  • What are some traditional Latvian crafts?
    Some traditional Latvian crafts include pottery, wood carving, and weaving.
  • What is the main religion in Latvia?
    The main religion in Latvia is Christianity, with the majority of the population belonging to the Lutheran or Catholic Church.
  • Is English widely spoken in Latvia?
    Yes, English is widely spoken in Latvia, especially in tourist areas and among younger generations.
  • What are some traditional Latvian festivals?
    Some traditional Latvian festivals include Midsummer (Līgo), which celebrates the summer solstice, and Martini (Mārtiņi), which marks the end of autumn and the beginning of winter.
  • What is the time zone in Latvia?
    Latvia is in the Eastern European Time Zone (EET), which is UTC+2.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Latvia?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Latvia include amber jewelry, traditional ceramics, and handmade woolen items.
  • Can I use my credit/debit card in Latvia?
    Yes, credit and debit cards are widely accepted in Latvia. However, it's always a good idea to have some cash on hand for smaller purchases.
  • What is the dress code in Latvia?
    The dress code in Latvia is generally casual, but it's recommended to dress slightly more formally when visiting churches or attending cultural events.
  • What are some traditional Latvian desserts?
    Some traditional Latvian desserts include apple pie, cranberry cake, and sweet buns with dried fruit.
  • What is the voltage used in Latvia?
    The voltage used in Latvia is 220-240V, 50Hz. If you're traveling from a country with a different voltage, you will need an adapter.
  • Are there any dangerous animals in Latvia?
    No, there are no dangerous animals in Latvia. The only venomous animal is the European adder, but they are rarely encountered.
  • Can I rent a car in Latvia?
    Yes, you can rent a car in Latvia if you have a valid driver's license from your home country. You will also need to be at least 21 years old and have a credit card for the rental deposit.
  • What is the tipping etiquette in Latvia?
    Tipping is not expected in Latvia, but it's always appreciated for good service. A 10% tip is considered generous.
  • What are some traditional Latvian games?
    Some traditional Latvian games include 'Klabē' (a game similar to horseshoes), 'Lielais Cīrulis' (a game played with a ball and a stick), and 'Sprīdītis' (a game of tag).
  • What are some traditional Latvian superstitions?
    Some traditional Latvian superstitions include not whistling indoors (it's believed to bring bad luck) and not sitting at the corner of a table (it's believed to bring bad luck in relationships).
  • Is there a dress code for visiting churches in Latvia?
    It's recommended to dress modestly when visiting churches in Latvia, covering your shoulders and knees.
  • What is the legal drinking age in Latvia?
    The legal drinking age in Latvia is 18 years old.
  • Can I use my mobile phone in Latvia?
    Yes, you can use your mobile phone in Latvia if you have an international plan or a local SIM card.
  • Are there any LGBT+ rights in Latvia?
    While same-sex relationships are legal in Latvia, the country does not have many laws protecting LGBT+ individuals from discrimination. Public displays of affection between same-sex couples may be met with hostility.
  • What are some popular winter activities in Latvia?
    Some popular winter activities in Latvia include skiing, ice skating, and ice fishing.
  • What is the Latvian sauna tradition?
    The Latvian sauna tradition, known as 'pirts', involves heating up a wooden sauna and then taking turns hitting each other with birch branches to improve circulation and relax muscles.
  • Are there any UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Latvia?
    Yes, there are four UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Latvia: Riga Old Town, Struve Geodetic Arc, the Historic Centre of Cēsis, and the Great Kemeri Bog.
  • What are some traditional Latvian folk costumes?
    Traditional Latvian folk costumes vary by region, but typically include a long, embroidered dress for women and a shirt with wide trousers for men.
  • What is the most popular sport in Latvia?
    The most popular sport in Latvia is ice hockey. Other popular sports include basketball, football (soccer), and volleyball.
  • Can I bring my pet to Latvia?
    If you are traveling from an EU country or a country on the approved list, you can bring your pet to Latvia with a valid EU pet passport. If you are traveling from a non-EU country, your pet will need a health certificate and possibly additional vaccinations.
  • What is the average cost of living in Latvia?
    The average cost of living in Latvia is lower than many other European countries. For example, a meal at an inexpensive restaurant costs around 7 EUR and a monthly public transportation pass costs around 25 EUR.
  • What is the emergency medical service number in Latvia?
    The emergency medical service number in Latvia is 113. This number can be used for non-life-threatening medical emergencies.
  • What are some traditional Latvian musical instruments?
    Some traditional Latvian musical instruments include the kokle (a string instrument), the dūdas (a bagpipe), and the pūšļūda (a horn).
  • What are some traditional Latvian dances?
    Some traditional Latvian dances include 'Kāzas' (a wedding dance), 'Līgo' (a Midsummer dance), and 'Jūrnieka Pēdas' (a sailor's dance).

A Closer Look at Latvia

Latvia Flag

Latvia

Latvia Formation Date

Latvia's country formation date is November 18, 1918.

Latvia Capital Name

The capital of Latvia is Riga.

Latvia Neighbours

  1. Belarus Belarus
  2. Estonia Estonia
  3. Lithuania Lithuania
  4. Russian Federation Russian Federation

Exploring Latvia

Discover the Hidden Gem of Eastern Europe: Exploring the Rich Culture and History of Latvia

Located in the heart of the Baltic region, Latvia is a small but mighty country that often gets overlooked by its larger European neighbors. However, this charming nation has a lot to offer for travelers seeking a unique and authentic experience. From its stunning natural landscapes to its rich cultural heritage, Latvia is a destination that should not be missed. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I invite you to join me on a journey through this enchanting country.

Key Takeaways:

  • Latvia is located in Eastern Europe and shares borders with Estonia, Russia, Belarus, and Lithuania.
  • The name "Latvia" comes from the ancient Latgalians tribe who inhabited the region.
  • The country has a diverse landscape, with forests covering over half of its territory and a long coastline along the Baltic Sea.
  • Latvia has a rich history dating back to ancient civilizations and has been influenced by various cultures throughout the centuries.
  • The country gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 and has since become a member of the European Union and NATO.

Geography:

Latvia's geography is characterized by its diverse landscape, with rolling hills, dense forests, and a long coastline along the Baltic Sea. The country is relatively flat, with its highest point reaching only 312 meters above sea level. The lowlands are mostly covered in fertile soil, making it ideal for agriculture. Latvia is also rich in natural resources such as timber, peat, and amber. The climate in Latvia is temperate, with warm summers and cold winters. The weather can be unpredictable at times, but overall, the country experiences a mild and pleasant climate. Summers are the best time to visit, with temperatures averaging around 20°C, making it perfect for outdoor activities. Winters can be harsh, with temperatures dropping below freezing and heavy snowfall.

Origin and History:

Latvia's history dates back to ancient times, with evidence of human settlements dating back to the Stone Age. The region has been inhabited by various tribes and civilizations, including the Latgalians, Livonians, and Balts. In the 13th century, German crusaders arrived in Latvia and established a feudal state, which lasted until the 16th century. In the 18th century, Latvia came under Russian rule and remained part of the Russian Empire until World War I. After the war, Latvia declared its independence in 1918, but it was later occupied by the Soviet Union in 1940. The country regained its independence in 1991 after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Government and Politics:

Latvia is a parliamentary democracy with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government. The country is divided into 119 municipalities, with Riga being the capital city. Latvia is also a member of the European Union and NATO and maintains good relations with its neighboring countries.

Commerce and Economy:

Latvia's economy is driven by various sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, and services. The country has a highly skilled workforce and has seen significant economic growth in recent years. Latvia is also known for its strong trade relations, with its main trading partners being other European countries. The official currency of Latvia is the euro, which replaced the Latvian lats in 2014. The cost of living in Latvia is relatively low compared to other European countries, making it an affordable destination for travelers.

Demographics:

Latvia has a population of approximately 1.9 million people, with the majority living in urban areas. The country has a diverse population, with Latvians being the largest ethnic group, followed by Russians and Belarusians. The average age in Latvia is 43 years, and the population is evenly distributed between males and females.

Culture:

Latvian culture is a blend of various influences, including German, Russian, and Scandinavian. The country is known for its rich folklore, traditional music, and vibrant festivals. Art plays a significant role in Latvian culture, with many museums and galleries showcasing the works of local artists. Some of the most popular festivals in Latvia include the Midsummer Festival, which celebrates the summer solstice, and the Song and Dance Festival, which is held every five years and showcases traditional music and dance performances.

Languages and Religion:

The official language of Latvia is Latvian, which is spoken by over 60% of the population. Russian is also widely spoken due to its history as a Soviet republic. Latvia is a predominantly Christian country, with the majority of the population belonging to the Lutheran or Roman Catholic Church.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

Education is highly valued in Latvia, with a literacy rate of over 99%. The country has a well-developed education system, with both public and private institutions offering high-quality education. Healthcare in Latvia is also accessible and affordable, with universal healthcare coverage for all citizens.

Sports and Recreation:

Sports play an important role in Latvian culture, with ice hockey being the most popular sport. The country has produced many world-class athletes in various sports such as basketball, football, and biathlon. Outdoor activities are also popular in Latvia, with hiking, skiing, and water sports being popular among locals and tourists alike.

Tourism:

Latvia may not be the first destination that comes to mind when planning a trip to Europe, but it has a lot to offer for travelers seeking an off-the-beaten-path experience. The country has a rich cultural heritage, with many historic sites and charming towns waiting to be explored. Some must-visit places in Latvia include Riga's Old Town, the Gauja National Park, and the picturesque coastal town of Jurmala. Traveling within Latvia is relatively easy, with a well-developed transportation system connecting major cities and towns. Accommodations range from budget-friendly hostels to luxurious hotels, and there are plenty of restaurants serving traditional Latvian cuisine as well as international dishes.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

If you are planning a trip to Latvia, here are some essential travel information and tips to keep in mind:
  • Visitors from the EU, EEA, and Switzerland do not need a visa to enter Latvia.
  • For visitors from other countries, a Schengen visa is required.
  • The official currency is the euro, and credit cards are widely accepted.
  • The emergency number in Latvia is 112.
  • The tap water is safe to drink.
  • English is widely spoken in tourist areas, but learning a few basic phrases in Latvian can go a long way.
  • Tipping is not expected but is appreciated for exceptional service.

Quotes:

  • "Latvia is like a hidden gem in the heart of Europe, waiting to be discovered." - Unknown
  • "The best things in life are the people we love, the places we've been, and the memories we've made along the way." - Unknown
  • "Traveling is not just about seeing new places, it's about experiencing new cultures and ways of life." - Unknown

In Conclusion:

Latvia may be a small country, but it has a big heart and a rich cultural heritage that is waiting to be explored. From its stunning natural landscapes to its vibrant festivals and warm hospitality, Latvia is a destination that will leave a lasting impression on any traveler. So why not add this hidden gem of Eastern Europe to your travel bucket list? You won't regret it.

Latvia Highest Point Name

The highest point in Latvia is Gaiziņkalns, reaching an elevation of 312 m (1,024 ft).

Latvia Capital Longitude

Riga, the capital of Latvia, is located at 25°5' North latitude and 28°3' East longitude.

Latvia Capital Latitude

Riga, 56.9521° N

Latvia Official Languages

Latvia's official language is Latvian, a Baltic language which has close ties to Lithuanian. It has two colloquial varieties, Latgalian and Livonian, which are both recognized as minority languages. Russian is also widely spoken in Latvia.

Latvia Ethnic Groups

Latvia is largely ethnically-homogeneous, with three main ethnic groups making up 77.8% of the population: Latvians (62.1%), Russians (25.2%) and Belarusians (3.3%). Other smaller groups include Poles, Ukrainians, Lithuanians, Roma, Jews, Livonians, and Estonians. As of 2018, there were 67,085 people of foreign citizenship, most of whom were citizens from Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan. There was a significant influx of immigrants from Central Asia in the early 2000s, and in 2019, 43.1% of immigrants arrived from non-European countries. This has contributed to a growing religious diversity in Latvia, with various Protestant, Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Muslim, Jewish, Buddhist and Hindu faiths represented.

Latvia Religions

The Constitution of Latvia guarantees the freedom of religion, allowing individuals to practice whichever faith they desire. Latvia’s population includes a variety of religious beliefs, including Catholicism, Lutheranism, Russian Orthodoxy, Old Believers, Judaism, Islam, and other religious groups. The largest denomination in Latvia is Roman Catholic, followed by Lutheranism. Many people in Latvia are nonreligious, and the share of Protestants is declining gradually. Over the past several decades, traditional Latvian beliefs, including animism and dūrienišķa ticība, have seen a resurgence of growth. There are also religious organizations of different sizes dedicated to Buddhism, Hinduism, and other minority faiths in Latvia.

Latvia Total Area

Total area of Latvia is 64,589 km² (24,938 sq mi).

Latvia Land Area

Latvia is approximately 64,589 square kilometers in size or 24,938 square miles.

Latvia Water Area

The total water area in Latvia is 5,263 km², which is about 2.3% of the total area of Latvia. This includes lakes, rivers, and other water sources. The most well known are Lake Riga, Lake Lubāns, and Lake Līgatne.

Latvia Total Population

As of July 2020, the total population of Latvia was 1,897,159.

Latvia Currency Name

The official currency of Latvia is the Euro (EUR). The euro has been the official currency of Latvia since January 1, 2014, following the adoption of the euro by the European Union in 1999.

Latvia Currency Code

The currency code for Latvia is EUR.

Latvia Currency Symbol

EUR

Latvia Time Zones

  • Standard Time: UTC+02:00
  • Daylight Saving Time: UTC+03:00

Latvia is located in the Eastern European Time Zone (EET), which is two (2) hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), or UTC+2 during Standard Time. Daylights Saving Time (DST ) usually starts on the last Sunday in March and ends on the last Sunday in October in Latvia. During DST, the time is shifted forward by one hour to UTC+3.

Latvia Calling Code

+371

Latvia Internet TLD

www.aveholidays.lv

How to Say "Latvia" In Different Languages?

English
Latvia (en-AU)
Chinese (Simplified)
拉脱维亚 (zh-Hans-CN)
Finnish
Latvia (fi-FI)
French
Lettonie (fr-FR)
German
Lettland (de-DE)
Greek
Λεττονία (el-GR)
Hindi
लातविया (hi-IN)
Indonesian
Latvia (id-ID)
Persian
لتونی (fa-IR)
Japanese
ラトビア (ja-JP)
Korean
라트비아 (ko-KR)
Dutch
Letland (nl-NL)
Polish
Łotwa (pl-PL)
Portuguese
Letónia (pt-PT)
Russian
Латвия (ru-RU)
Spanish
Letonia (es-ES)
Swedish
Lettland (sv-SE)
Thai
ลัตเวีย (th-TH)
Ukrainian
Латвія (uk-UA)
Vietnamese
Latvia (vi-VN)

Latvia Popular Holidays

New Year's Day
1 January
Epiphany
6 January
Julian Christmas Day
7 January
Ranguages Day of Latvia
4 February
Defender of the Fatherland Day
14 February
Valentine's Day
14 February
Shrove Tuesday
16 February
Ash Wednesday
17 February
Mother's Day
1 March
International Women's Day
8 March
St. Patrick's Day
17 March
International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
21 March
International Day of Forests
21 March
Please Leave Your Shoes Day
28 March
Good Friday
2 April
Holy Saturday
3 April
Easter
4 April
Ching Ming Festival
5 April
Easter Monday
5 April
World Health Day
7 April
Earth Day
22 April
International Jazz Day
30 April
The Labor Day
1 May
Independence Restoration Day of Latvia
4 May
Day of Restoration of Latvian Independence
4 May
International Migratory Bird Day
10 May
Mothers Day
10 May
International Day of Families
15 May
Aldermen's Election Day
18 May
International Day of Biodiversity
22 May
Vīna Day, Wine Festival
30 May
International Children's Day
1 June
World Environment Day
5 June
Hortenculture Festival
12 June
Fathers Day
14 June
Midsummer Day
23 June
Līgo Day
23 June
St John's Day
24 June
International Day of the Seafarer
25 June
Followers of Jesus Day
26 June
Brothers' Day
30 June
International Day of Cooperatives
5 July
Latvian traditional ceremonies and celebrations
7 July
Humor Festival
12 July
Bastille Day
14 July
Birth of Rembrandt
15 July
International Day of Friendship
30 July
International Youth Day
12 August
Catholic Holy Day of the Assumption
15 August
The Assumption of the Virgin Mary Day
15 August
Victory Day
8 September
International Day of Democracy
15 September
Sports Day of Latvia
18 September
International Day of Peace
21 September
International Day of the Deaf
27 September
Teachers' Day
1 October
International Day of Older Persons
1 October
International Day of Non-Violence
2 October
Living Planet Day
4 October
World Animal Day
4 October
Student Day
10 October
International Day of the Girl Child
11 October
International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction
13 October
World Food Day
16 October
The Day of the Dead
1 November
All Souls' Day
2 November
Latvian National Day
18 November
Independence Day
18 November
Flag Day of Latvia
18 November
International Day of Persons with Disabilities
3 December
Human Rights Day
10 December
Georgia Day
14 December
Christmas Truce
24 December
Christmas
25 December
First Day of Christmas
26 December
Second Day of Christmas
27 December
New Year's Eve
31 December

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Upcoming Holidays in Latvia

National and Public Holidays in Latvia next days/week/month/year

Holy Saturday in Latvia

"On this Holy Saturday, the streets of Latvia come alive with the vibrant and traditional celebration of Pasha - a local holiday steeped in centuries-old customs. From colorful processions to mouth-watering feasts, Latvia's rich cultural heritage is on full display. Embrace the spirituality and revelry of this unique observance in the heart of the Baltics."

Easter Sunday in Latvia

"Join in the joyous celebration of Easter Sunday in Latvia, a national holiday observed by the majority of the population. Experience the colorful festivities, traditional customs and delicious food as you immerse yourself in the country's rich cultural traditions. A truly special and meaningful holiday for every Latvian."

Easter – Christian Catholic

Easter is a Christian holiday that celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ. It is the most important religious feast of the year in the Catholic Church. Every year, Easter Sunday falls on the first Sunday after the full moon following the vernal equinox. This usually falls on the first Sunday in April. On this day, Christians attend special services in honor of the resurrection, and exchange decorated Easter eggs and gifts. Traditionally, families and friends gather for a celebratory meal.

Easter Sunday

Easter Sunday is a Christian holiday that celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ three days after his death. It is one of the most important and oldest Christian festivals, which is celebrated with religious services, feasts, and egg hunts. During the holiday season, many churches will celebrate with food, singing, and special services. In many countries, Easter is a public holiday and is celebrated by families in various ways, including decorating eggs and exchanging gifts.

Europe Day

Europe Day celebrates the Schumann Declaration of 1950 that marked the beginning of closer European integration and the birth of the European Union. It is observed annually on May 9.

June Solstice

The June Solstice marks the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere. Celebrated across the world, it many involve community festivals, feasts, and outdoor activities, like concerts and beach outings.

European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism

The European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism is commemorated annually on August 23. It is intended to pay tribute to the victims of two of the most oppressive systems in modern history and reflect on the atrocities committed under totalitarian regimes.

Fathers’ Day in Latvia

Father’s Day celebrates fatherhood and male parenting on different dates worldwide.

European Heritage Days

European Heritage Days is a yearly event held on the second weekend in September. It is an opportunity to explore the cultural and architectural heritage of Europe, as well as to learn about the different regions and different traditions of the continent. The event includes open days for historic monuments, guided tours, events, workshops and other activities. It is a celebration of Europe’s rich and diverse cultural heritage, and a reminder of the importance of preserving it.

European Day of Languages

The European Day of Languages, celebrated on September 26th every year, celebrates linguistic diversity in Europe and encourages people to learn multiple languages. This holiday serves as an opportunity to discover and celebrate the many languages that exist across Europe, learn something new, and engage in cultural exchange and mutual understanding.

Upcoming Festivals in Latvia

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Special Working Day in Taiwan

Welcome to 'Special Working Day, Taiwan.' For nearly a decade, we, the people of Taiwan, have commemorated this day by gathering together and recognizing those who strive to make our nation a better place. Special Working Day is a working day on weekend in Taiwan.

Yukon Heritage Day in Canada

Join the celebration of Canada's rich cultural legacy on Yukon Heritage Day. Held annually on the first Monday in August, this public holiday pays homage to the diverse traditions and customs of the Yukon Territory. From street performances to traditional feasts, experience the vibrancy of this unique Canadian festival.

Founding Day Public Sector Holiday in Saudi Arabia

"As the vibrant culture of Saudi Arabia continues to thrive, the Founding Day Public Sector Holiday stands as a testament to the country's rich heritage and development. Celebrated nationwide, this public holiday honours the establishment of Saudi Arabia and its significance in shaping the nation. Join in the festivities and discover the beauty of this local holiday."

Defender of the Fatherland Day in Belarus

"Belarus' Defender of the Fatherland Day, a national holiday celebrated annually on February 23rd, pays tribute to the brave men and women who have dedicated their lives to protecting their country. This festival showcases the rich cultural heritage and unbreakable spirit of the Belarusian people. A must-visit for any curious traveler."

Defender of the Fatherland Day in Russia

This year, on February 23rd, Russia celebrates Defender of the Fatherland Day, a national holiday honoring the courage and dedication of its armed forces. This day is marked with parades, fireworks, and heartfelt tributes to the brave men and women who protect and defend the nation. A must-see experience for any traveler!

Emperor’s Birthday in Japan

"Experience the grandeur and tradition of a National Holiday in Japan as the entire country celebrates the Emperor's Birthday. From colorful parades to elaborate ceremonies, immerse yourself in the rich cultural heritage of Japan on this highly-anticipated observance day. Don't miss out on the festivities and book your trip to Japan now!"

Navam Full Moon Poya Day in Sri Lanka

"Experience the spiritual and cultural significance of Navam Full Moon Poya Day in Sri Lanka, a national holiday observed by Buddhists. Immerse yourself in ancient rituals and colourful processions during this festival of lights, as devotees gather to pay homage to Lord Buddha. A must-see for any traveller seeking a unique and insightful cultural experience."

Mashramani (Republic Day) in Guyana

"Experience the vibrant celebrations of Mashramani, Guyana's national festival and observance of Republic Day. Immerse yourself in the colorful parades, lively music, and mouth-watering cuisine that showcase the country's rich cultural heritage. A must-see for any traveler seeking an unforgettable holiday in South America!"

Defender of the Fatherland Day in Kyrgyzstan

"Join the vibrant celebrations of Defender of the Fatherland Day in Kyrgyzstan, a national holiday honoring the bravery and sacrifice of those who have fought for their country. With colorful parades, traditional music and local delicacies, this festival is a true testament to the strong patriotic spirit of the Kyrgyz people."

National Day in Brunei

"Experience the vibrant colors and rich traditions of Brunei on their National Day, a joyous public holiday celebrated on February 23rd. Immerse yourself in local cultural performances, indulge in mouth-watering delicacies, and witness the grand parade showcasing the country's pride and patriotism. A must-visit for any cultural enthusiast and travel aficionado."

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