Russian Federation

The Russian Federation is a country located in Eurasia. It is the world’s largest nation in terms of area and the world’s ninth-largest in population. Russia is a transcontinental country that stretches from Europe to the Pacific. Its economy is the 11th-largest in the world by nominal GDP. The country is known for its rich cultural heritage, as well as its stunning landscapes and cities. It is also notable for its strong military and for its role in modern history.

Tourism in Russian Federation: A Comprehensive Guide for Travelers

Russia, the largest country in the world, is a land of diverse landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture. From the bustling cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg to the tranquil countryside and picturesque villages, Russia has something for every type of traveler. And with its festive spirit and unique tourist attractions, the country is an ideal destination for tourists all year round. In this guide, we will take you through everything you need to know about traveling in the Russian Federation.


The festive spirit in Russia is palpable throughout the year, with various celebrations and events taking place across the country. From traditional festivals like Maslenitsa (Butter Week) and Victory Day to modern events like Moscow International Film Festival and St. Petersburg White Nights Festival, there is always something to look forward to in Russia.

One of the most popular tourist attractions in Russia is the iconic Red Square in Moscow, with its stunning architecture and historical significance. The Kremlin, St. Basil’s Cathedral, and Lenin’s Mausoleum are all located in this square, making it a must-visit for any traveler.

Other important places to visit in Russia include the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, Lake Baikal – the world’s oldest and deepest lake, and the Golden Ring – a route of ancient towns that offer a glimpse into Russia’s past.


There are plenty of activities for tourists to indulge in while visiting Russia. In winter, skiing and ice skating are popular activities, while summer offers opportunities for hiking, camping, and water sports. The Trans-Siberian Railway is also a popular way to explore the country and its diverse landscapes.

For those interested in history and culture, visiting museums, galleries, and theaters is a must. And for foodies, trying traditional Russian cuisine like borsch, pelmeni, and blini is a must-do activity.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Russia has a well-developed public transportation system, with trains, buses, and metros connecting major cities and towns. The Moscow Metro is not only efficient but also a tourist attraction in itself, with its beautiful architecture and intricate designs.

For long-distance travel, the Trans-Siberian Railway is a popular choice, offering a unique and scenic way to explore the country. Taxis and ride-sharing services are also available in major cities, but it is important to negotiate the fare beforehand.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

Foreign visitors to Russia are required to obtain a visa before their trip. The application process can be lengthy and requires various documents, including a valid passport, proof of accommodation, and a letter of invitation from a Russian citizen or organization. It is advisable to start the visa application process well in advance to avoid any delays.

Health and Safety

While traveling to any country, it is important to take precautions for your health and safety. It is recommended to get travel insurance before your trip to cover any medical emergencies. Tap water in Russia is generally safe to drink, but it is always best to stick to bottled water. As with any major city, be cautious of pickpockets and keep your belongings close while in crowded areas.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Russian culture has its own set of customs and etiquette that may differ from other countries. It is important to be aware of these customs and respect them while traveling in Russia. For example, it is customary to remove your shoes when entering someone’s home, and it is considered impolite to refuse an offer of food or drink.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Russia is the Russian Ruble (RUB). While credit cards are widely accepted in major cities, it is always advisable to carry some cash with you, especially when traveling to smaller towns or rural areas. ATMs are also readily available in major cities.

Festive Activities

Russia is known for its festive celebrations, and there are plenty of unique activities for tourists to indulge in during their visit. During Maslenitsa, a traditional festival that marks the end of winter, you can enjoy traditional Russian food and participate in various games and activities. In summer, the White Nights Festival in St. Petersburg offers a range of cultural events, including concerts, ballet performances, and art exhibitions.

Infrastructure & Transit

The public transportation system in Russia can become crowded during peak tourist season. It is recommended to plan your travel in advance and avoid rush hour if possible. The Trans-Siberian Railway can also experience high demand during peak season, so it is advisable to book tickets well in advance.

Accommodation Options

Russia offers a range of accommodation options for every budget. From luxury hotels to budget-friendly hostels and guesthouses, there is something for every type of traveler. For a more authentic experience, consider staying in a homestay or renting an apartment through Airbnb.

During major events and festivals, it is advisable to book accommodation well in advance as prices tend to increase and availability becomes limited.

Shopping and Souvenirs

For shopping enthusiasts, Russia offers a variety of options from high-end designer stores to local markets and bazaars. Some popular shopping districts include Arbat Street in Moscow and Nevsky Prospekt in St. Petersburg. When looking for souvenirs, consider purchasing traditional Russian items like Matryoshka dolls, shawls, and lacquer boxes.

Technology and Connectivity

Staying connected while traveling in Russia is easy, with Wi-Fi available in most hotels, cafes, and restaurants. It is also recommended to purchase a local SIM card for your phone to avoid high roaming charges. Some useful apps for travelers include Yandex Maps for navigation, Google Translate for language translation, and for accommodation bookings.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Russia’s vast landscapes offer plenty of opportunities for eco-tourism and outdoor adventures. From hiking in the Caucasus Mountains to exploring the wildlife in Kamchatka, there is something for every nature lover. It is important to be mindful of the environment and practice responsible tourism to help preserve these natural wonders.

Local Festivals and Events

Apart from the major festivals and events, there are also smaller local festivals and events taking place around the country. These events offer a more authentic experience and a chance to interact with the locals. Some popular local festivals include the Cossack Games in Stavropol and the Firebird Festival in Kostroma.

Practical Advice and Tips

When planning a trip to Russia, it is important to budget accordingly as prices tend to increase during peak tourist season. It is also advisable to dress appropriately for the weather, especially during winter when temperatures can drop significantly. When attending events or visiting religious sites, it is important to dress modestly out of respect for local customs.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

To make the most of your trip to Russia, it is recommended to plan your itinerary around major events and festivals. The best time to visit depends on your interests – if you want to experience winter activities, then December to February is ideal, while June to August offers pleasant weather for outdoor adventures.

Some not-to-be-missed events and activities include the Victory Day Parade in Moscow, the White Nights Festival in St. Petersburg, and the Winter Palace Ball in St. Petersburg. It is also important to research and purchase tickets for events in advance, as they tend to sell out quickly.

To fully immerse yourself in the Russian culture, it is important to be respectful of local customs and practices. Learning a few basic phrases in Russian can also go a long way in communicating with the locals and making your trip more enjoyable.

In case of any emergencies, it is important to have the contact numbers for the local police, ambulance, and embassy readily available. With this comprehensive guide, you are now ready to embark on your journey to the Russian Federation and experience all that this beautiful country has to offer

The Russian Federation: A Country of Vast Statistics and Data

The Russian Federation, commonly known as Russia, is the largest country in the world in terms of land area. It spans over 17 million square kilometers and covers more than one-eighth of the Earth’s inhabited land area. With a population of over 144 million people, it is also the ninth most populous country in the world. The country has a rich history, diverse culture, and a strong economy, making it an important player in global affairs. In this article, we will delve into the statistics and data that make up the Russian Federation.

Geography and Climate

Russia is located in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia, bordering countries such as China, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine. It has a diverse landscape, with vast plains, mountain ranges, and coastlines along the Arctic and Pacific Oceans. The country experiences a wide range of climates due to its size and geographical features. The northern parts of Russia have a subarctic climate, while the southern regions have a humid continental climate.

  • Highest Point: Mount Elbrus at 5,642 meters
  • Lowest Point: Caspian Sea at -28 meters
  • Longest River: Volga River at 3,530 kilometers
  • Largest Lake: Lake Baikal with a surface area of 31,722 square kilometers


The Russian Federation has a mixed economy with both private and state-owned enterprises. It is one of the world’s top producers of natural gas and oil, making it heavily reliant on these resources for its economic growth. The country also has a strong manufacturing sector, producing goods such as machinery, chemicals, and metals. The service sector is also a significant contributor to the economy, with industries such as tourism, finance, and telecommunications.

According to the World Bank, Russia’s GDP in 2020 was $1.48 trillion, making it the eleventh largest economy in the world. Its GDP per capita was $10,290, ranking it 62nd globally. The country’s main trading partners include China, Germany, and Italy.

Social Indicators

Russia has made significant progress in improving its social indicators over the years. According to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the country’s Human Development Index (HDI) value in 2020 was 0.824, ranking it 50th out of 189 countries. The HDI measures a country’s overall development based on factors such as life expectancy, education, and income.

The literacy rate in Russia is also high at 99.7%, with education being highly valued in the country. The life expectancy at birth is 72 years for males and 78 years for females. However, there are still challenges in terms of income inequality and poverty rates, with around 13% of the population living below the poverty line.

Cultural Diversity

The Russian Federation is a diverse country with over 190 ethnic groups and indigenous peoples. The majority of the population (around 80%) identify as ethnic Russians, but there are also significant minority groups such as Tatars, Ukrainians, and Bashkirs. The country has a rich cultural heritage, with influences from various ethnic groups and neighboring countries.

Russian is the official language of the country, but there are also many other languages spoken by different ethnic groups. The dominant religion is Russian Orthodox Christianity, but there is also a significant Muslim population, as well as followers of other religions such as Buddhism and Judaism.


The Russian Federation is a vast and diverse country with a rich history and culture. Its statistics and data reflect its significant role in the global arena, from its large land area to its strong economy and diverse population. While the country faces challenges in certain areas, it continues to make progress in improving its social indicators and promoting its cultural diversity. As the country continues to evolve, its statistics and data will continue to shape its identity on the world stage.

Statistic Value
Land Area 17,098,242 square kilometers
Population 144.5 million (2020)
GDP (nominal) $1.48 trillion (2020)
HDI 0.824 (2020)
Literacy Rate 99.7%


  • What is the official name of Russia?
    The official name of Russia is the Russian Federation.
  • What is the capital of Russia?
    The capital of Russia is Moscow.
  • What is the population of Russia?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Russia is 145 million.
  • What is the official language of Russia?
    The official language of Russia is Russian.
  • What are some other languages spoken in Russia?
    Other languages spoken in Russia include Tatar, Ukrainian, Bashkir, Chuvash, Chechen, and many others.
  • What is the currency used in Russia?
    The currency used in Russia is the Russian Ruble (RUB).
  • What is the climate like in Russia?
    The climate in Russia varies greatly due to its large size, but most areas experience a continental climate with cold winters and warm summers.
  • What are some popular dishes in Russian cuisine?
    Some popular dishes in Russian cuisine include borscht (beet soup), pelmeni (dumplings), blini (pancakes), and shashlik (kebabs).
  • What are some traditional Russian drinks?
    Traditional Russian drinks include vodka, kvass (a fermented beverage made from bread), and chai (tea).
  • What are some famous landmarks in Russia?
    Famous landmarks in Russia include Red Square and the Kremlin in Moscow, Saint Basil's Cathedral, the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, and Lake Baikal.
  • What is the Trans-Siberian Railway?
    The Trans-Siberian Railway is a railway that spans over 9,000 kilometers across Russia, connecting Moscow to the Far East.
  • What is the time zone of Russia?
    Russia has 11 time zones, but the most commonly used one is Moscow Standard Time (MSK), which is UTC+3.
  • What is the traditional clothing of Russia?
    Traditional clothing in Russia includes sarafans (long dresses), kokoshniks (headpieces), and valenki (felt boots).
  • What are some popular Russian festivals and holidays?
    Some popular Russian festivals and holidays include New Year's, Victory Day, Maslenitsa (a celebration before Lent), and Christmas.
  • What is the national anthem of Russia?
    The national anthem of Russia is called "Gosudarstvenny Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii" (State Anthem of the Russian Federation).
  • What are some famous Russian musicians and bands?
    Famous Russian musicians and bands include Tchaikovsky, Stravinsky, Rachmaninoff, Glinka, and DDT.
  • What are some traditional Russian instruments?
    Traditional Russian instruments include the balalaika (stringed instrument), domra (plucked instrument), and bayan (accordion).
  • What are some popular Russian folk songs?
    Popular Russian folk songs include "Kalinka," "Katyusha," and "Korobeiniki" (the Tetris theme song).
  • What are some must-try activities in Russia?
    Some must-try activities in Russia include visiting a banya (traditional sauna), trying traditional Russian cuisine, and attending a ballet or opera performance.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Russia?
    Most visitors to Russia will need a visa, but citizens of certain countries may be eligible for a visa-free entry. It is best to check with the Russian embassy or consulate in your country for specific requirements.
  • What are some popular tourist destinations in Russia?
    Some popular tourist destinations in Russia include Moscow, Saint Petersburg, the Golden Ring cities (a group of historic towns), and Sochi (a resort city on the Black Sea).
  • What is the best time of year to visit Russia?
    The best time of year to visit Russia depends on your preferences and where you plan to visit. Summer (June-August) is generally the most popular time for tourists, but winter (December-February) offers unique experiences such as winter sports and New Year's celebrations.
  • Is it safe to travel to Russia?
    Overall, Russia is considered a safe country for tourists. However, it is always important to use caution and common sense while traveling, especially in larger cities where pickpocketing and scams may occur.
  • What is the emergency number in Russia?
    The emergency number in Russia is 112, which can be used for police, ambulance, and fire emergencies.
  • Do I need to tip in Russia?
    Tipping in Russia is not mandatory, but it is customary to leave a small tip (around 10%) at restaurants and for services such as haircuts or taxi rides.
  • What is the drinking age in Russia?
    The legal drinking age in Russia is 18 years old.
  • What are some important cultural customs in Russia?
    Some important cultural customs in Russia include removing shoes when entering someone's home, bringing a small gift when invited to someone's home, and addressing people by their first name and patronymic (middle name).
  • What is the etiquette for greetings in Russia?
    In Russia, it is customary to shake hands when meeting someone for the first time. Close friends and family may also exchange kisses on the cheek. It is also common to greet people with "Zdravstvuyte" (hello) or "Privet" (hi).
  • What is the dress code in Russia?
    The dress code in Russia is generally conservative, especially in more formal settings. Men should wear long pants and collared shirts, while women should avoid revealing clothing.
  • What is the voltage in Russia?
    The voltage in Russia is 220 volts, and the outlets use the European two-prong plug.
  • What are some common modes of transportation in Russia?
    Common modes of transportation in Russia include the metro (subway), buses, trams, and taxis. For longer distances, trains and planes are also popular options.
  • What are some important Russian phrases for travelers?
    Some important Russian phrases for travelers include "Spasibo" (thank you), "Pozhaluysta" (please), "Da" (yes), "Nyet" (no), and "Izvinite" (excuse me).
  • Is English widely spoken in Russia?
    While English is not as widely spoken as in some other countries, it is becoming more common among younger generations and in larger cities. It may be helpful to learn some basic Russian phrases before visiting.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Russia?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Russia include matryoshka dolls, traditional Russian hats (ushanka or papakha), lacquer boxes, and vodka.
  • What are some important things to know about Russian culture?
    Russian culture is heavily influenced by its history and traditions, and it is important to be respectful of these customs. Family and community are highly valued, and hospitality is a key aspect of Russian culture.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting churches in Russia?
    Yes, when visiting churches in Russia, it is important to dress modestly and cover your head (women) and remove your hat (men). Shorts, short skirts, and tank tops are not appropriate attire.
  • What is the etiquette for gift-giving in Russia?
    In Russia, it is customary to give gifts for special occasions such as birthdays or holidays. Gifts should be wrapped nicely and opened immediately upon receiving them. It is also polite to reciprocate with a gift of similar value.
  • What are some traditional Russian crafts and arts?
    Traditional Russian crafts and arts include matryoshka doll painting, wood carving, embroidery, and icon painting.
  • What are some important historical events in Russia?
    Some important historical events in Russia include the rise and fall of the Soviet Union, World War II, the October Revolution, and the reign of the Romanov dynasty.
  • Is there a dress code for attending the ballet or opera in Russia?
    While there is no strict dress code for attending the ballet or opera in Russia, it is customary to dress up in more formal attire.
  • What are some popular Russian films?
    Some popular Russian films include "Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears," "Leviathan," "Brother," and "Solaris."
  • What is the legal smoking age in Russia?
    The legal smoking age in Russia is 18 years old.
  • What are some important Russian inventions?
    Some important Russian inventions include the periodic table of elements (Dmitri Mendeleev), the AK-47 rifle (Mikhail Kalashnikov), and the first satellite in space (Sputnik).
  • What are some traditional Russian games and sports?
    Traditional Russian games and sports include chess, ice hockey, football (soccer), and gorodki (a throwing game).
  • Is there a dress code for visiting the Kremlin in Moscow?
    Yes, when visiting the Kremlin in Moscow, it is important to dress modestly and cover your head (women) and remove your hat (men). Shorts, short skirts, and tank tops are not appropriate attire.

A Closer Look at Russian Federation

Russian Federation Flag

Russian Federation

Russian Federation Formation Date

December 25, 1991

Russian Federation Capital Name


Exploring Russian Federation

The Enigmatic Russian Federation: A Land of Rich History and Vibrant Culture

The Russian Federation, also known as Russia, is the largest country in the world, spanning over 17 million square kilometers. Located in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia, it is a transcontinental country with vast and diverse landscapes, ranging from tundra and forests to mountains and deserts. The country holds a significant geopolitical position, serving as a bridge between Europe and Asia. With a population of over 144 million people, Russia is home to a rich history, diverse culture, and strong political influence.

Key Takeaways:

  • Russia is the largest country in the world, spanning over 17 million square kilometers.
  • The country has a diverse landscape, ranging from tundra and forests to mountains and deserts.
  • Russia holds a significant geopolitical position, serving as a bridge between Europe and Asia.
  • The country has a population of over 144 million people.


Russia's vast territory is divided into eight federal districts, each with its own unique physical features and natural resources. The country is rich in natural resources such as oil, natural gas, coal, timber, and precious metals. It also has the world's largest reserves of freshwater in Lake Baikal. Due to its size and varied topography, Russia experiences a diverse climate with extreme weather patterns. The northern regions have long, cold winters while the southern regions have hot summers.

Origin and History:

The history of Russia dates back to ancient civilizations such as the Scythians, Sarmatians, and Cimmerians. In the 9th century, the East Slavs formed the Kievan Rus, which later became the foundation of modern-day Russia. The country has a rich and complex history, with various dynasties and rulers shaping its political and cultural landscape. In the 20th century, Russia went through significant political changes, from the Russian Revolution to the collapse of the Soviet Union and the rise of the Russian Federation.

Government and Politics:

The Russian Federation is a federal semi-presidential republic, with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government. The country is divided into 85 federal subjects, including 22 republics, 46 oblasts, nine krais, four autonomous okrugs, and three federal cities. Russia plays a significant role in international politics, with strong relationships with neighboring countries and major world powers.

Commerce and Economy:

Russia's economy is one of the largest in the world, driven by its vast natural resources and industries such as oil, gas, mining, manufacturing, and agriculture. The country has strong trade relations with countries like China, Germany, Italy, and Turkey. The Russian ruble is the official currency, and the country has a mixed economy with both private and state-owned enterprises.


Russia's population is predominantly urban, with over 74% of people living in cities. The country has a diverse population with over 190 ethnic groups, with Russians being the largest group. The average age in Russia is 39 years old, and the life expectancy is around 73 years. However, there are concerns about an aging population due to declining birth rates.


Russian culture is a blend of Slavic traditions and influences from other neighboring countries such as Asia and Europe. Art plays a significant role in Russian culture, with renowned artists such as Wassily Kandinsky and Ivan Shishkin. Music is also an essential aspect of Russian culture, with classical composers like Tchaikovsky and Rachmaninoff. The country also celebrates various festivals and holidays, including Maslenitsa, Victory Day, and New Year's Eve.

Languages and Religion:

Russian is the official language of the country, but there are over 100 minority languages spoken by different ethnic groups. Regional dialects also vary across the vast territory. The majority of Russians identify as Orthodox Christians, but there is religious diversity with other religions such as Islam, Buddhism, and Judaism being practiced.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

The Russian education system is highly regarded, with a high literacy rate of over 99%. The country has a wide range of academic institutions, including top universities like Lomonosov Moscow State University and Saint Petersburg State University. Russia also has a universal healthcare system, with both public and private healthcare facilities available.

Sports and Recreation:

Russia has a strong sporting culture, with popular sports like football, ice hockey, basketball, and volleyball. The country has produced many Olympic champions in various disciplines, including figure skating and gymnastics. Outdoor activities such as skiing, hiking, and fishing are also popular among Russians.


Russia is a popular tourist destination for its rich history, diverse culture, and stunning landscapes. The capital city of Moscow is home to iconic landmarks such as the Red Square and the Kremlin. Saint Petersburg is known for its beautiful architecture and museums, including the Hermitage Museum. Other popular tourist attractions include Lake Baikal, the Trans-Siberian Railway, and the Golden Ring cities.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

Foreign visitors to Russia must obtain a visa before entering the country. The country has a diverse climate, so it is essential to pack appropriate clothing for the season. Russia has a rich culture and customs, and visitors are expected to respect them. The official currency is the Russian ruble, but major credit cards are widely accepted. The cost of living in Russia varies depending on the region, with cities like Moscow and Saint Petersburg being more expensive.


"Russia is a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma." - Winston Churchill

"The Russians are a kind, sober, courteous, and intelligent people." - Voltaire

Summary and Insights:

The Russian Federation is a vast and diverse country with a rich history and vibrant culture. Its geopolitical significance, strong economy, and cultural contributions make it an essential player on the global stage. As the country continues to evolve and develop, it will undoubtedly leave its mark on the world in the years to come.

Russian Federation Highest Point Name

The highest point in Russia is Mount Elbrus, located in the Caucasus Mountain Range in southwestern Russia, near the border with Georgia. It has two summits, both of which have the same elevation of 5,642 meters (18,510 feet) above sea level.

Russian Federation Capital Longitude

Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation and has a longitude of 37.6173° E.

Russian Federation Capital Latitude

Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation. The latitude of Moscow is 55.7539° N.

Russian Federation Official Languages

The official language of the Russian Federation is Russian. Other languages spoken in the country include Tatar, Chukchi, Ukrainian, Bashkir, Mordovian, Komi, Mari, Chechen, Ossetian, Nogai, and Yakut.

Russian Federation Ethnic Groups

The population of the Russian Federation is diverse, with over 160 ethnic groups across its 82 federal subjects. According to the 2010 census, the ethnic Russians make up 79.84% of the total population, followed by Tatars (3.85%), and Ukrainians (1.80%). Other major ethnic groups include Bashkir (1.2%), Chuvash (0.92%), Chechens (0.79%), Armenians (0.76%), Avars (0.67%), and Mordvins (0.65%). Smaller ethnic minorities include Jews, Bulgarians, Poles, Roma (Gypsies), Georgians, and Germans. Additionally, some immigrants have come from Central Asia, the Caucasus, and other areas of the former Soviet Union.

Russian Federation Religions

The estimated majority religion in the Russian Federation is Russian Orthodox Christianity, making up around 70% of the population and over 100 million believers. Other major religions include Islam (7%) and Buddhism (1%). Other faiths present in the Russian Federation are Judaism, Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Hinduism, and various other smaller religions. Religious freedom is guaranteed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation and religious diversity is widely accepted by the country's government.

Russian Federation Total Area

17,098,242 km2

Russian Federation Land Area

depends on the source of the data. According to CIA World Factbook, its land area is 17,098,242 sq km. Other sources of data may provide different values.

Russian Federation Water Area

The total water area of the Russian Federation is approximately 2,230,000 square kilometers. This includes the water area of the Caspian Sea, the Black Sea, the White Sea, the Lakes of Russia (including the largest, Lake Baikal), and the Rivers of Russia.

Russian Federation Total Population

As of January 2021, the total population of the Russian Federation is estimated to be 146,093,902.

Russian Federation Currency Name

Russian Ruble

Russian Federation Currency Code


Russian Federation Currency Symbol

Russian Federation Time Zones

  • Standard Time: UTC+03:00
  • Daylight Saving Time: UTC+04:00

The Russian Federation operates in the Moscow Standard Time (MSK) zone and does not currently use daylight saving time. The UTC offset for the MSK zone is +3 hours. The only significant part of the Russian Federation that uses daylight saving time is the Kaliningrad exclave, which is located between Poland and Lithuania. It follows Central European Time (CET) and shifts its clocks forward by 1 hour on the last Sunday of March and shifts back by 1 hour on the last Sunday of October.

Russian Federation Calling Code


Russian Federation Internet TLD

How to Say "Russian Federation" In Different Languages?

Russland (de-AT)
Rússia (pt-BR)
Руска Федерация (bg-BG)
俄罗斯 (zh-CN)
Rusia (es-CU)
Rusko (cs-CZ)
Venäjä (fi-FI)
Russie (fr-FR)
Russland (de-DE)
Ρωσία (el-GR)
Oroszország (hu-HU)
רוסיה (he-IL)
Russia (it-IT)
ロシア (ja-JP)
Rusland (nl-NL)
Rosja (pl-PL)
Rusia (ro-RO)
Rusko (sk-SK)
Rusia (es-ES)
Rusya (tr-TR)

Russian Federation Popular Holidays

Vacation Day
1 Jan (31 Dec)
Old New Year
1 January
Baptism of Jesus
6 January
Old New Year's Day
13 January
19 January
Anniversary of Yandex
23 January
Shrove Monday
8 February
Day of Family values
9 February
Red Army Day
17 February
19 Feb (25 Feb)
Defender of the Fatherland Day
23 February
International Women's Day
8 March
8 March (14 March)
Mother's Day
8 Mar
Day of Russian Records and Discoveries
22 March
Palm Sunday
5 April
7 April
Day of Cosmonautics
12 April
12 April
Lazarus Saturday
17 April
Day of St. John the Baptist
20 April
Day of Spring and Labour
1 May
6 May
Day of Heroes of the Great Patriotic War
8 May
Day of Liberation from Nazi Invaders
9 May
Day of Memory and Grief
9 May
Victory Day
9 May
Day of Accord and Reconciliation
12 May
Trinity Sunday
20 May
24 May
Day of Slavonic Literature and Culture
24 May
Day of Russia's Aerospace Forces
12 June
Russia Day
12 June
Day of Orthodoxy
14 June
Day of Remembrance and Sorrow
22 June
Nativity of John the Baptist
24 June
Glorious Ascension
4 July
Day of Reconciliation and Accord
7 July
Ivan Kupala
7 July
Day of Family, Love and Fidelity
8 July
Day of Remembrance of Tsar Nicholas II
17 July
Day of Russia's Navy
28 July
Day of Kurban Bayram (Eid al-Adha)
31 July
Day of Russia's Airborne Troops
2 August
Dormition of the Mother of God
15 August
Day of the Transfiguration of the Lord
19 August
Day of the Tula Forge
21 August
Day of National Flag
22 August
Day of St. Alexander Nevsky
23 August
Icon of the Mother of God of the Sign
27 August
28 August
Day of the People of Tatarstan
30 August
Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary
8 September
Election Day
9 September
Exaltation of the Cross
14 September
Day of St. Sergius of Radonezh
24 September
Old Testament Day
10 October
Day of Aerospace
19 October
Day of the Military Clergy
24 October
Day of National Symbolism
25 October
World Russian People's Unity Day
4 November
Day of National Unity
4 November
Day of St. Vitaly
8 November
Day of the Archangel Michael
8 November
Day of Archangel Gabriel
19 November
Combined Arms Day
20 November
Christmas star of Bethlehem
1 December
Winter Solstice
21 December
Christmas Eve
24 December
25 December
New Year's Eve
31 December

We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Russian Federation

National and Public Holidays in Russian Federation next days/week/month/year

International Jazz Day

International Jazz Day is an international holiday celebrating jazz music and its impact on cultures and societies around the world. It is observed on April 30 each year.

National Children’s Day

Children's Day is an annual holiday celebrated around the world on various days to honor and celebrate children. In the U.S. it is held on the second Sunday in June. It is a day to let children be children, to celebrate the joys of childhood, and to help make the world a better place for children. Activities on Children's Day include family gatherings, plays, concerts, parades, and educational programs. It is a time to remember those who are less fortunate and to recognize the rights of all children.


Shavuot is a Jewish holiday celebrated in the spring that marks the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai after the Israelites’ exodus from Egypt. It is marked with religious services, holiday meals, and the customary eating of dairy foods.

Trinity Sunday

Trinity Sunday is a Christian holiday celebrating the Holy Trinity – the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. It typically falls on the Sunday after Pentecost and is celebrated with special services and prayers.

Tisha B’Av

Tisha B'Av is a day mourned by Jews around the world as a day of tragedy and destruction, commemorating the destruction of the two Temples in Jerusalem and the resulting exile of the Jewish people. The holiday includes fasting, praying, and reading lamentations.

International Cat Day

International Cat Day is an annual holiday celebrated each year on August 8th. The holiday honors the feline species and encourages people all over the world to appreciate cats for their beauty, uniqueness and companionship.

International Day of the World’s Indigenous People

The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People is a United Nations sanctioned holiday celebrated annually on August 9. It marks the day the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted in 2007, recognizing the rights of tribal and clan societies worldwide. The day is used to celebrate the survival and cultural rich heritage of the world’s Indigenous People. Events, speeches, and educational activities are held worldwide.

Assumption of Mary in Orthodox

The Dormition of the Theotokos is an important Orthodox holiday that commemorates the repose and bodily assumption of Mary, mother of Jesus, into heaven. It serves as a reminder of her heavenly intercession for the faithful as she ascended in her physical form. It is also an occasion to celebrate and honor Mary's love and obedience to God, and her unwavering trust throughout her earthly life.

Day of Knowledge in Russia

Day of Knowledge is a holiday in Russia commemorating the first day of school after the summer break, celebrated with traditional ceremonies such as anthems, parades, and festive decorations.

European Heritage Days

European Heritage Days is a yearly event held on the second weekend in September. It is an opportunity to explore the cultural and architectural heritage of Europe, as well as to learn about the different regions and different traditions of the continent. The event includes open days for historic monuments, guided tours, events, workshops and other activities. It is a celebration of Europe’s rich and diverse cultural heritage, and a reminder of the importance of preserving it.

Upcoming Festivals in Russian Federation

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Leap Day in United States of America

Celebrate the extra day of the year in style with Leap Day in the United States of America! This unique observance allows for an additional 24 hours of exploration, making it the perfect time to discover hidden gems and indulge in local traditions. Don't miss out on this special national holiday.

Independence Day in Bangladesh

Independence Day is a government holiday in Bangladesh

Easter Sunday in Switzerland

"Easter Sunday in Switzerland is a delightful blend of festive traditions and stunning alpine scenery. From charming processions and colorful markets, to indulging in delicious chocolate eggs and hiking in the Swiss Alps, this national observance holiday offers a unique cultural experience that will leave visitors in awe."

Easter Sunday in Ecuador

Observance: Experience the vibrant culture and rich traditions of Ecuador on Easter Sunday. Join in the colorful processions and witness the unique blend of Catholic and indigenous beliefs. Explore the beautiful landscapes and indulge in traditional delicacies. A truly enchanting holiday for every traveler.

Easter Sunday in Luxembourg

"Easter Sunday in Luxembourg, a national holiday filled with vibrant traditions and lively celebrations. From the colorful Easter markets to the famous egg hunts, this festive occasion brings the whole community together in a spirit of joy and renewal. A must-visit for anyone looking to immerse themselves in Luxembourg's rich culture and traditions."

Easter Sunday in Slovakia

"Easter Sunday in Slovakia is a beautiful celebration of both religious and cultural traditions. The country comes alive with colorful processions, traditional folk music, and delectable Easter dishes. From the stunning architecture of Bratislava to the quaint villages in the countryside, this observance is a must-see for any traveler seeking an authentic cultural experience." (50 words)

Easter Sunday in Uruguay

"Easter Sunday in Uruguay is a vibrant celebration of faith and culture. From the bustling streets of Montevideo to the tranquil beach towns, the nation comes alive with processions, colorful decorations, and traditional food. Immerse yourself in the local customs and take part in this national holiday that embodies the spirit of Uruguay." (observance)

Easter Sunday in Estonia

Easter Sunday in Estonia is a festive national holiday filled with colorful traditions and local cuisine. From egg painting and traditional church services to indulging in delicious Easter bread and smoked ham, this observance is a must-visit to experience the authentic culture of Estonia.

Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau

"Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau is a vibrant celebration filled with colorful processions, traditional music, and joyful feasts. As a national holiday, it is deeply rooted in the country's rich cultural heritage and serves as a time for families and communities to come together in unity and celebration."

Easter Sunday in Sweden

"Easter Sunday in Sweden is a vibrant celebration of spring's arrival, filled with colorful traditions and mouth-watering feasts. As a national holiday, families gather to decorate eggs, indulge in delicious sweets, and revel in the joyous atmosphere of rebirth and renewal. A must-visit for those seeking a cultural and culinary immersion in Sweden."

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