Turkey is a transcontinental nation located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by eight countries, and the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea, and Marmara Sea form its coasts. Turkey is home to a diverse population of over 82million, most of whom practice Islam. The country is a democratic parliamentary republic, and its capital city is Ankara. The country boasts several significant heritage and archaeological sites, including the monuments of Göbekli Tepe and Troy.

Tourism in Turkey: A Comprehensive Guide for Travelers

Turkey, a country that spans across two continents, is a vibrant and diverse destination that offers something for every type of traveler. From its rich history and cultural heritage to its stunning landscapes and bustling cities, Turkey has become a popular tourist destination for people from all over the world. And during the festive season, the country comes alive with an electric atmosphere, making it the perfect time to visit. In this guide, we will take you through all the essential information you need to know to plan your trip to Turkey during this exciting time.

Overview of Tourism in Turkey

The festive season in Turkey is a time of celebration and joy, with colorful decorations and lights adorning the streets and squares. The country’s diverse culture is on full display during this time, with various events and activities taking place throughout the country. From traditional music and dance performances to mouth-watering food festivals, there is no shortage of things to see and do in Turkey during this season.

Unique Tourist Attractions

While Turkey is a year-round tourist destination, some attractions are particularly popular during the festive season. One of these is the Grand Bazaar in Istanbul, one of the oldest and largest covered markets in the world. Here, you can find everything from traditional Turkish handicrafts to modern clothing and jewelry. Another must-visit attraction is the Hagia Sophia, a stunning 6th-century church turned mosque turned museum that showcases the country’s fascinating history.

Important Places

Turkey is home to many significant historical and cultural sites that attract tourists from all over the world. Some of these include the ancient city of Ephesus, the beautiful Pamukkale hot springs, and the stunning Blue Mosque in Istanbul. Each of these places offers a unique experience that will leave a lasting impression on any traveler.


In addition to visiting historical and cultural sites, there are plenty of activities for tourists to enjoy during the festive season in Turkey. You can take a hot air balloon ride over the fairy chimneys in Cappadocia, go skiing in the mountains, or relax on one of the country’s beautiful beaches. For foodies, there are also many food tours and cooking classes available to learn about and taste the delicious Turkish cuisine.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Turkey has a well-developed transportation system, making it easy for tourists to get around. The country has an extensive network of buses, trains, and domestic flights that connect major cities and tourist destinations. Istanbul also has a modern metro system that makes traveling within the city quick and convenient. During the festive season, public transportation may be busier than usual, so it’s essential to plan your trips accordingly.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

Foreign visitors to Turkey must obtain a visa before entering the country. Depending on your nationality, you may be eligible for an e-visa, which can be applied for online. For those who are not eligible for an e-visa, you can obtain a visa from a Turkish embassy or consulate in your home country. It’s important to check the visa requirements for your specific nationality before planning your trip.

Health and Safety

Like any other country, it’s essential to take precautions to ensure your health and safety while traveling in Turkey. It is recommended to have travel insurance that covers medical emergencies as well as familiarizing yourself with any potential health risks in the areas you will be visiting. As for safety, it’s always best to exercise caution and be aware of your surroundings, especially in crowded areas.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Turkey has a rich cultural heritage, and it’s important to respect local customs and etiquette while visiting the country. For example, it is customary to remove your shoes before entering a mosque or someone’s home. It’s also essential to dress modestly when visiting religious sites. When interacting with locals, a simple greeting in Turkish, such as “Merhaba” (hello), can go a long way.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency in Turkey is the Turkish lira (TRY). While credit cards are widely accepted in major cities and tourist areas, it’s always a good idea to have some cash on hand for smaller purchases and markets. ATMs are also readily available throughout the country for withdrawing cash.

Festive Activities in Turkey

Distinctive Activities and Experiences

One of the best ways to experience the festive season in Turkey is by participating in local traditions and activities. For example, you can join in on the celebrations of the Turkish New Year (Yılbaşı) on December 31st, where people gather in the streets to watch fireworks and enjoy traditional food and drinks. You can also attend a traditional Turkish dance performance or take part in a cooking class to learn how to make delicious holiday treats.

Country Traditions

Turkey has many unique traditions associated with the festive season, including decorating Christmas trees and exchanging gifts on New Year’s Eve. Another tradition is baking a special bread called “pide,” which is eaten during the New Year celebrations. By participating in these traditions, you can get a deeper understanding of the country’s culture and connect with locals.

Infrastructure & Transit

Efficiency of Public Transportation

While public transportation may be busier during the festive season, it remains efficient and reliable. It’s recommended to purchase tickets in advance for popular routes, such as those between major cities or to tourist destinations. You can also opt for private transportation options, such as taxis or rental cars, if you prefer more flexibility.

Tips for Efficient Travel

To make the most out of your trip to Turkey during the festive season, it’s essential to plan ahead and book your accommodations and transportation in advance. You can also consider visiting less popular destinations to avoid crowds and long lines. It’s also a good idea to check the weather forecast and pack accordingly.

Accommodation Options

Turkey offers a wide range of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference. From luxurious resorts and boutique hotels to budget-friendly hostels and guesthouses, there is something for everyone. During the festive season, it’s recommended to book your accommodations in advance, especially if you plan on visiting popular tourist destinations.

Advantages of Different Accommodations

The type of accommodation you choose can greatly impact your overall experience in Turkey. For example, staying in a boutique hotel in Istanbul’s historic center can offer a more authentic experience, while a beach resort in Antalya may provide a more relaxing atmosphere. Consider your travel preferences and budget when choosing your accommodations.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Key Shopping Districts and Markets

Turkey is known for its vibrant markets and bazaars, where you can find unique souvenirs and gifts to bring back home. Some of the best places to shop during the festive season include the Grand Bazaar in Istanbul, the Spice Bazaar in Istanbul, and the Kadikoy Market on the Asian side of Istanbul. You can also find traditional handicrafts and souvenirs at smaller markets in other cities throughout the country.

Finding Unique Souvenirs

When shopping for souvenirs in Turkey, it’s best to look for items that represent the country’s culture and traditions. This could include handwoven carpets, Turkish ceramics, or traditional Turkish tea sets. It’s also a good idea to bargain with the vendors to get the best price.

Technology and Connectivity

Staying Connected

Turkey has a reliable network of internet and mobile services, making it easy to stay connected while traveling. You can purchase a local SIM card upon arrival or use your international roaming plan. Many cafes and restaurants also offer free Wi-Fi for customers.

Recommended Apps

There are many useful apps that can enhance your travel experience in Turkey. For navigation, Google Maps is widely used and offers public transportation options. For language translation, Google Translate is helpful, and for booking events and activities, you can use apps like GetYourGuide or Viator.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Eco-Friendly Travel Options

Turkey has many eco-friendly travel options for those who want to minimize their impact on the environment. These include eco-friendly hotels, sustainable tours, and responsible tourism practices. By choosing these options, you can help support the country’s efforts towards environmental sustainability.

Outdoor Activities

Turkey’s diverse landscape offers many opportunities for outdoor adventures during the festive season. You can go skiing in the mountains, trekking in the countryside, or take a hot air balloon ride over Cappadocia’s fairy chimneys. These activities not only provide an adrenaline rush but also allow you to appreciate the country’s natural beauty.

Local Festivals and Events

Smaller Local Festivals and Events

In addition to the larger country-wide festivals and events, many smaller local festivals and events take place during the festive season in Turkey. These may include religious celebrations, cultural festivals, or food fairs. Check with the local tourism board or ask locals for recommendations to experience these unique events.

Practical Advice and Tips

Budgeting for the Trip

Turkey is a relatively affordable destination, but it’s essential to budget accordingly to make the most out of your trip. Consider the cost of accommodations, transportation, food, and activities when planning your budget. It’s also a good idea to have some extra cash on hand for unexpected expenses.

Safety Tips

While Turkey is generally a safe country for tourists, it’s always best to exercise caution and be aware of your surroundings. Avoid walking alone at night, especially in less populated areas. It’s also recommended to keep your valuables secure and avoid carrying large amounts of cash.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

Practical Information

When planning your trip to Turkey during the festive season, it’s important to have all the necessary information at hand. This includes the schedule for country events, ticket acquisition, and venue locations. You can find this information on the official websites of the event organizers or through the local tourism board.

Optimal Time to Visit

The best time to visit Turkey depends on your preferences and interests. If you want to experience the festive season, then December is an ideal time. However, if you prefer warmer weather and want to explore the country’s outdoor activities, then spring or autumn may be better options.

Not-to-be-Missed Events and Activities

Some of the must-see events and activities during the festive season in Turkey include the New Year celebrations in Istanbul, the Whirling Dervishes ceremony in Konya, and the National Cherry Festival in Mersin. Make sure to plan your trip accordingly to experience these unique events.

Suitable Attire

The weather in Turkey can vary during the festive season, so it’s essential to pack accordingly. In Istanbul, temperatures can range from 5-10 degrees Celsius, while in the southern regions, it can be much warmer. It’s also important to dress modestly when visiting religious sites and to have comfortable shoes for walking.

Dos and Don’ts

To show respect for the local customs and practices, there are a few things to keep in mind while traveling in Turkey. For example, avoid pointing the soles of your feet towards someone, as it is considered disrespectful. Also, avoid discussing sensitive political or religious topics with locals.

Language Assistance

While many people in tourist areas speak English, learning a few basic Turkish phrases can go a long way in interacting with locals. Some common phrases include “Teşekkür ederim” (thank you), “Lütfen” (please), and “Merhaba” (hello).

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergencies during your trip, it’s important to have vital contact numbers on hand. These may include the local police, ambulance, and fire department. You can also contact your embassy or consulate for assistance if needed.

In conclusion, Turkey is a diverse and exciting destination that offers a unique experience during the festive season. By following this comprehensive guide, you will be well-prepared to make the most out of your trip and create unforgettable memories in this beautiful country. So pack your bags and get ready to immerse yourself in the vibrant culture and traditions of Turkey during this joyous time of year

Turkey: A Country of Rich Culture and Dynamic Growth

Turkey, officially known as the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located in Western Asia and Southeastern Europe. With a population of over 84 million people, Turkey is the world’s 19th most populous country. The country is bordered by eight countries including Greece, Bulgaria, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, and Syria. It also has coastlines on the Mediterranean Sea, the Aegean Sea, and the Black Sea.

Turkey has a rich history and a diverse culture influenced by its location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. From its ancient civilizations to its modern cities, Turkey offers a unique blend of old and new. In recent years, the country has experienced significant economic growth and has become a major player in the global market. In this article, we will delve into the statistics and data that showcase Turkey’s progress and potential.

Population and Demographics

As of 2021, Turkey’s population is estimated to be around 84.3 million people, with a median age of 32 years old. The country has a relatively young population, with 26% under the age of 15 and only 9% over the age of 65. The majority of the population (75%) lives in urban areas, with Istanbul being the largest city with over 15 million inhabitants.

Turkey is a culturally diverse country with various ethnic groups. The majority (70-75%) are Turkish citizens of ethnic Turkish descent. Kurds make up around 18% of the population, followed by other minority groups such as Arabs, Armenians, Greeks, and Laz people.

Economy and GDP

Turkey has undergone significant economic growth in recent years and is now one of the world’s fastest-growing economies. In 2020, Turkey’s GDP (PPP) was estimated at $2.6 trillion, making it the 13th largest economy in the world. The country’s main industries include textiles, food processing, automotive, electronics, and tourism.

According to the World Bank, Turkey’s GDP growth rate in 2020 was 1.8%, despite the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. The country’s GDP is expected to grow by 5% in 2021 and 4% in 2022. This growth can be attributed to the government’s efforts to diversify and modernize the economy, as well as its strategic location for trade and investment.


Turkey is a popular tourist destination, attracting millions of visitors each year. In 2019, the country welcomed over 45 million tourists, making it the 6th most visited country in the world. The tourism industry contributes significantly to Turkey’s economy, generating over $35 billion in revenue in 2019.

The country’s diverse landscape, historical sites, and vibrant culture make it a top destination for travelers. Istanbul, with its iconic landmarks such as the Blue Mosque and Hagia Sophia, is the most visited city in Turkey. Other popular destinations include Antalya, Bodrum, and Cappadocia.

Education and Literacy

Education is highly valued in Turkish society, with a literacy rate of 95%. The country has a compulsory education system for children aged 6-14 years old. Primary and secondary education are free and provided by the government. Turkey also has over 200 universities, with Istanbul University being the oldest and most prestigious.

In recent years, Turkey has made significant progress in increasing access to education for girls. In 2020, the enrollment rate for girls in primary school was 98%, compared to 93% for boys. However, there is still room for improvement, especially in rural areas where access to education is limited.


In conclusion, Turkey is a country with a rich history, diverse culture, and a growing economy. With its strategic location, strong economic growth, and thriving tourism industry, Turkey has become an important player in the global market. The country’s progress in education and efforts to promote gender equality also bode well for its future development. As Turkey continues to evolve and modernize, it will undoubtedly remain a fascinating and dynamic country to watch

  • What is the official name of Turkey?
    The official name of Turkey is the Republic of Turkey.
  • Where is Turkey located?
    Turkey is located in both Europe and Asia, with the majority of its landmass in Asia.
  • What are the neighboring countries of Turkey?
    The neighboring countries of Turkey are Greece, Bulgaria, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, and Syria.
  • What is the capital city of Turkey?
    The capital city of Turkey is Ankara.
  • What is the largest city in Turkey?
    The largest city in Turkey is Istanbul.
  • What is the currency used in Turkey?
    The currency used in Turkey is the Turkish lira (TRY).
  • What are the official languages of Turkey?
    The official languages of Turkey are Turkish and Kurdish.
  • What is the population of Turkey?
    As of 2021, the population of Turkey is approximately 84 million people.
  • What is the national animal of Turkey?
    The national animal of Turkey is the gray wolf.
  • What are some popular dishes in Turkish cuisine?
    Some popular dishes in Turkish cuisine include kebabs, baklava, dolma, and börek.
  • What is the traditional music of Turkey called?
    The traditional music of Turkey is called Türk Sanat Müziği (Turkish art music).
  • Who is considered to be the father of Turkish music?
    Büyüküstün Cemil Bey (1873-1916) is considered to be the father of Turkish music.
  • What are some popular Turkish songs?
    Some popular Turkish songs include "İstanbul Hatırası" by Müzeyyen Senar, "Bir Güneş Batışında" by Zeki Müren, and "Yıldızların Altında" by Tarkan.
  • What is the most popular tourist destination in Turkey?
    The most popular tourist destination in Turkey is Istanbul, with its historical sites such as the Hagia Sophia and Blue Mosque.
  • What are some other popular tourist destinations in Turkey?
    Other popular tourist destinations in Turkey include Cappadocia, Ephesus, and Pamukkale.
  • What is the best time of year to visit Turkey?
    The best time of year to visit Turkey is during the spring (April-May) or fall (September-October) when the weather is mild and there are fewer tourists.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Turkey?
    It depends on your nationality. Some countries are exempt from needing a visa for short-term visits. You can check the visa requirements on the official website of the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  • What is the main religion in Turkey?
    The main religion in Turkey is Islam, with 99.8% of the population being Muslim.
  • Are there any cultural customs or etiquette I should be aware of when visiting Turkey?
    Yes, it is important to dress modestly and remove your shoes when entering a mosque. It is also considered polite to greet people with a handshake and use formal titles when addressing them.
  • Is it safe to travel to Turkey?
    Yes, Turkey is generally a safe country for tourists. However, it is always important to exercise caution and be aware of your surroundings, especially in crowded areas.
  • What is the emergency number in Turkey?
    The emergency number in Turkey is 112 for ambulance, fire, and police services.
  • What is the voltage used in Turkey?
    The voltage used in Turkey is 220V, with a frequency of 50Hz. You may need an adapter if your devices are not compatible.
  • Is tap water safe to drink in Turkey?
    No, it is recommended to stick to bottled water while in Turkey.
  • What is the time zone of Turkey?
    Turkey is in the Eastern European Time Zone (GMT+3).
  • What is the dress code for visiting religious sites in Turkey?
    It is recommended to dress modestly and cover your shoulders and knees when visiting religious sites in Turkey.
  • Can I use my credit/debit cards in Turkey?
    Yes, major credit/debit cards are widely accepted in Turkey. However, it is always a good idea to carry some cash with you as well.
  • What is the tipping etiquette in Turkey?
    Tipping is not expected but appreciated in Turkey. It is common to leave a small tip (around 10%) at restaurants and for other services.
  • What is the weather like in Turkey?
    The weather in Turkey varies depending on the region. The coastal areas have a Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters, while inland areas have a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters.
  • What are some traditional Turkish souvenirs?
    Some traditional Turkish souvenirs include Turkish delight, ceramics, and handwoven carpets.
  • What is the legal drinking age in Turkey?
    The legal drinking age in Turkey is 18 years old.
  • Can I use my cell phone in Turkey?
    Yes, you can use your cell phone in Turkey, but it is recommended to check with your service provider for international plans and rates.
  • What are some popular festivals and events in Turkey?
    Some popular festivals and events in Turkey include the International Istanbul Film Festival, the Izmir International Fair, and the Konya Mevlana Festival.
  • What is the traditional Turkish bath called?
    The traditional Turkish bath is called a hamam.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting a Turkish bath?
    Yes, it is recommended to wear a swimsuit or bikini and bring a towel with you when visiting a Turkish bath.
  • What is the national sport of Turkey?
    The national sport of Turkey is oil wrestling, also known as yağlı güreş.
  • Are there any UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Turkey?
    Yes, there are 18 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Turkey, including the historic areas of Istanbul, the archaeological site of Troy, and the ancient city of Ephesus.
  • What is the most popular mode of transportation in Turkey?
    The most popular mode of transportation in Turkey is buses, with a well-developed network connecting cities and towns throughout the country.
  • Can I rent a car in Turkey with an international driver's license?
    Yes, you can rent a car in Turkey with an international driver's license. However, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with local driving laws and customs before driving in Turkey.
  • What are some popular outdoor activities in Turkey?
    Some popular outdoor activities in Turkey include hot air balloon rides over Cappadocia, hiking along the Lycian Way, and paragliding in Oludeniz.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting mosques in Turkey?
    Yes, it is recommended to dress modestly and remove your shoes when entering a mosque in Turkey.
  • What is the most famous landmark in Turkey?
    The most famous landmark in Turkey is the Hagia Sophia, a former Byzantine church and Ottoman mosque that is now a museum.
  • Can I bring alcohol into Turkey?
    Yes, you can bring up to 1 liter of alcohol into Turkey for personal consumption. However, it is not allowed to bring alcohol into the country if you are under 18 years old.
  • What is the legal smoking age in Turkey?
    The legal smoking age in Turkey is 18 years old. It is also prohibited to smoke in public places.
  • What is the emergency number for tourists in Turkey?
    The emergency number for tourists in Turkey is 155 for police and 156 for tourist police.
  • What are some traditional Turkish desserts?
    Some traditional Turkish desserts include baklava, Turkish delight, and künefe.
  • What are some popular street foods in Turkey?
    Some popular street foods in Turkey include simit (a circular bread with sesame seeds), döner kebab, and lahmacun (Turkish pizza).
  • Can I use my home country's driver's license in Turkey?
    Yes, you can use your home country's driver's license in Turkey for up to 6 months. After that, you will need to obtain a Turkish driver's license.
  • What is the emergency healthcare system like in Turkey?
    Turkey has a well-developed healthcare system with both public and private hospitals. In case of an emergency, you can go to the nearest hospital or call 112 for an ambulance.
  • Are there any travel restrictions in Turkey due to COVID-19?
    Yes, there are currently travel restrictions in place for certain countries due to COVID-19. It is recommended to check with your local embassy or consulate before planning your trip to Turkey.

A Closer Look at Turkey - 土耳其

Turkey Flag


Turkey Formation Date

October 29, 1923

Turkey Capital Name

The capital of Turkey is Ankara.

Turkey Neighbours

  1. Armenia Armenia
  2. Azerbaijan Azerbaijan
  3. Georgia Georgia
  4. Bulgaria Bulgaria
  5. Greece Greece
  6. Iran Iran
  7. Iraq Iraq
  8. Syria Syria

Exploring Turkey


Turkey, located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, is a country steeped in history, culture, and natural beauty. Its strategic location has made it a hub for trade and cultural exchange throughout the centuries. The country's name is derived from the Latin word "Turchia," which means "land of the Turks." As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I invite you to join me on a journey through this fascinating country.

Key Takeaways

- Turkey is a transcontinental country located in both Europe and Asia. - The country's name is derived from the Latin word "Turchia." - Turkey has a rich history, diverse culture, and stunning natural landscapes.


Turkey's geography is diverse, with mountains, valleys, plains, and coastal regions. The Taurus Mountains run through the country, dividing it into different regions. The Black Sea borders the northern coast, while the Mediterranean Sea borders the southern coast. The country is also home to several rivers, including the Tigris and Euphrates. Turkey is rich in natural resources, including coal, iron ore, copper, and oil. It also has fertile land for agriculture, producing crops such as wheat, barley, cotton, and olives. The climate in Turkey varies from region to region but is generally temperate with hot summers and mild winters.

Origin and History

Turkey has a long and storied history dating back to ancient civilizations such as the Hittites and the Byzantine Empire. In 1923, after the fall of the Ottoman Empire, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk founded the modern Republic of Turkey. Since then, Turkey has undergone significant political and social changes, becoming a secular nation with a democratic government.

Government and Politics

Turkey is a democratic republic with a multi-party political system. The country is divided into 81 provinces, each with its own governor. The government is headed by a president, who is elected by the people for a five-year term. The president appoints a prime minister to lead the government and a council of ministers to assist in governing. Turkey's foreign relations are crucial to its economy and security. The country has strong ties with its neighboring countries and is a member of organizations such as NATO and the United Nations. Turkey also has ongoing geopolitical relationships with countries such as Russia, Iran, and the United States.

Commerce and Economy

Turkey's economy is one of the largest in the world, with a diverse range of industries, including agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism. The country's strategic location makes it an important hub for trade between Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. Turkey's currency is the Turkish Lira, which has seen fluctuations in recent years. The country's main exports include textiles, food products, and machinery. Turkey also has a thriving tourism industry, with millions of visitors each year. Its top tourist attractions include historical sites such as the Hagia Sophia and natural wonders like Cappadocia.


Turkey has a population of over 83 million people, making it one of the most populous countries in the world. The majority of the population is Turkish, but there are also significant Kurdish and other ethnic minority groups. The median age in Turkey is 32 years old, with a relatively young population.


Turkey's culture is a blend of Eastern and Western influences, shaped by its history and location. The country has a vibrant arts scene, with traditional forms such as calligraphy and ceramics still practiced today. Music is also an essential part of Turkish culture, with genres such as folk, classical, and pop being popular. The country is also known for its colorful festivals, traditions, and holidays. One of the most famous festivals is the Whirling Dervishes Festival, where dancers perform a spiritual dance known as Sema. Other important holidays include Ramadan and Republic Day, which celebrates the founding of the modern Turkish Republic.

Languages and Religion

The official language of Turkey is Turkish, but there are also several regional dialects spoken throughout the country. Other minority languages include Kurdish, Arabic, and Armenian. The majority of the population is Muslim, with a small percentage of Christians and Jews. Religion plays a significant role in Turkish society, with many religious customs and traditions still practiced today. Mosques are an essential part of the country's landscape, with some of the most stunning examples being the Blue Mosque and the Süleymaniye Mosque.

Education and Healthcare Systems

Turkey has made significant strides in education and healthcare in recent years. The country has a compulsory education system for children between the ages of 6-14. The literacy rate in Turkey is over 95%, with a strong emphasis on science and technology education. The healthcare system in Turkey has also seen improvements, with universal healthcare coverage for all citizens. The country has invested in modern medical facilities and public health initiatives to improve the overall health of its population.

Sports and Recreation

Sports are an essential part of Turkish culture, with football being the most popular sport in the country. Turkey has several professional football leagues, with some of its teams competing at an international level. Other popular sports include basketball, volleyball, and wrestling. The country's stunning natural landscapes also make it an ideal destination for outdoor activities such as hiking, skiing, and water sports. Turkey has hosted several international sporting events, including the FIFA World Cup and Formula One Grand Prix.


Turkey is a popular tourist destination, attracting millions of visitors each year. The country has a rich history, with many ancient ruins and historical sites to explore. Some of the top tourist attractions include the Blue Mosque, Pamukkale, and the ancient city of Ephesus. The country also has a diverse range of activities for tourists, from shopping in bustling bazaars to relaxing on stunning beaches. Turkey's infrastructure is well-developed, with modern transportation options such as high-speed trains and domestic flights.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

If you are planning to visit Turkey, there are a few things you should know before you go. Citizens of most countries require a visa to enter Turkey, which can be obtained online or at the airport upon arrival. It is also essential to research any health and safety precautions before traveling to the country. Turkey has a rich cultural heritage, and it is important to respect local customs and etiquette. For example, it is customary to remove your shoes when entering a mosque or someone's home. The currency used in Turkey is the Turkish Lira, and credit cards are widely accepted in major cities.


- "Istanbul was Constantinople." - They Might Be Giants - "A Turk is born a soldier." - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk - "The world is my country, all mankind are my brethren, and to do good is my religion." - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk


Turkey is a country with a rich history, diverse culture, and stunning landscapes. Its strategic location has made it a hub for trade and cultural exchange throughout the centuries. With its modern infrastructure and warm hospitality, Turkey is a must-visit destination for any traveler. As the country continues to develop and grow, it will undoubtedly become an even more popular destination for tourists from all over the world.

Turkey Highest Point Name

The highest point in Turkey is Mount Ararat (Agri Dagi), which stands at an elevation of 5,166 meters (16,945 feet) above sea level. The mountain is located near the northwestern city of Ağrı, in the Iğdır Province. It is a dormant volcano located in the Armenian Highlands of Eastern Turkey near the border of Iran and Armenia. Mount Ararat is the national symbol of Turkey and remains an important religious site for Armenians, Kurds, and Turks alike.

Turkey Capital Longitude

Turkey's capital is Ankara and it is located at a longitude of 32.86 and a latitude of 39.93.

Turkey Capital Latitude

Ankara, Turkey; 39.9283° N, 32.8597° E

Turkey Official Languages

The official languages of Turkey are Turkish and Kurdish. The Turkish constitution states that the language of the Turkish Republic is Turkish. Kurdish is an official language in some areas with significant Kurdish populations.

Turkey Ethnic Groups

Turkey is made up of a wide variety of ethnic groups, with 70-75% of the population being Turkish. Other ethnic groups include Kurds (18%), Circassians (3-4%), Arabs (2-3%) and Bosniaks (1-2%), as well as smaller communities of Georgians, Armenians, Greeks and Laz. There is also a large Roma/Gypsy population in some parts of the country. The diversity of Turkey's population means it also hosts a variety of religions, including Islam, Christianity and Judaism.

Turkey Religions

Religious freedom is guaranteed in Turkey under the country’s secular laws. The majority of Turks are Muslim and, officially, 94% of the population are Sunni Muslims. Approximately 4% of the population are Alevis, a heterodox form of Shia Islam unique to Turkey. About 0.26% of people are Christian and another 0.06% follow non-Abrahamic religions. Additionally, 0.2% of the population are non-religious. Turkey is home to a variety of ancient mosques and religious monuments, making it an attractive destination for people of all denominations. Turkey's diverse religious traditions have done much to create a cultural richness in the country.

Turkey Total Area

Total area of Turkey is approximately 783,562 square kilometers (302,535 square miles).

Turkey Land Area

The total land area of Turkey is 783,562 square kilometers (302,535 square miles).

Turkey Water Area

Turkey has a total land area of 783,562 square km and a total water area of 8,220 square km.

Turkey Total Population

As of 2019, the estimated total population of Turkey is 84,339,067.

Turkey Currency Name

The currency of Turkey is the Turkish Lira (TRY).

Turkey Currency Code

The country currency code for Turkey is TRY.

Turkey Currency Symbol

The Turkish currency symbol is TL (Turkish Lira).

Turkey Time Zones

  • UTC+03:00

Turkey is officially in the Eastern European Time Zone (EET) which is two hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+02:00). Daylight saving time (DST) is in effect from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October, where clock is shifted forward by one hour. This means during that time, EET is UTC+03:00. In 2021, DST began on Sunday March 28th and will end on Sunday October 31st.

Turkey Calling Code

The country calling code for Turkey is +90

Turkey Internet TLD


How to Say "Turkey" In Different Languages?

تركيا (ar-EG)
Turquia (pt-BR)
土耳其 (zh-CN)
Turkey (en-GB)
Turquie (fr-FR)
Türkei (de-DE)
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Turkey Popular Holidays

New Year's Day
1 Jan
Youth and Sports Day
19 Jan
Manisa Carnival
25 Jan (27 Jan)
Troy Day
27 Feb
Cité de la Culture and Arts Festival
1 Mar (8 Mar)
International Women's Day
8 Mar
Good Friday
30 Mar
Easter Sunday
1 Apr
Children's Day
23 Apr
Labour and Solidarity Day
1 May
Commemoration of Ataturk, Youth and Sports Day
19 May
Victory Day
19 May
Youth Festival
23 May
Democracy and National Unity Day
15 Jul
Ramadan Feast
12 Aug (13 Aug)
Konca Valley International Music and Arts Festival
27 Aug (3 Sep)
Kartepe International Music Festival
4 Sep (6 Sep)
Inonu Day
22 Oct
Republic Day
29 Oct
Festival of Sacrifice
31 Oct (1 Nov)
Kizkalesi Festival
6 Nov (8 Nov)
Mevlana Festival
11 Dec (18 Dec)
New Year's Eve
31 Dec

We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Turkey

National and Public Holidays in Turkey next days/week/month/year

Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha is an Islamic holiday that honors the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim to follow God's command to sacrifice his son. It is celebrated by Muslims around the world and is seen as a time for families and friends to gather to share in the joy of the holiday. Traditionally, Muslims gather for prayer at mosques and community centers during the four-day celebration, and animals are slaughtered and shared among family, friends, and those in need. Gifts are also exchanged and hot meals prepared and served. Other activities may include recreational activities like music, dancing, and games.

Democracy and National Unity Day in Turkey

Democracy and National Unity Day is an annual public holiday in Turkey commemorating the nation's rebirth as a democratic and unified country on July 15, 2016. The day marks the suppression of the military coup in the same year.

Laylatul Qadr

Laylatul Qadr is an Islamic holiday celebrated on the 27th day of Ramadan when Muslims believe that Allah revealed the Quran. It is considered to be more precious than 1000 months of worship and prayer.

Eidul Adha

Eidul Adha is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide. It marks the end of the Hajj pilgrimage and honors Abraham’s willingness to obey God by sacrificing his son Ishmael. During the three-day holiday, Muslims attend special communal prayers, share meals, give gifts, and remember the importance of faith and sacrifice. Some Muslims may also sacrifice an animal as a representation of Abraham’s faith. The holiday also serves as an opportunity to strengthen family and social ties, build goodwill and compassion among Muslim communities, give to the poor, and reduce stress and hardship. Eidul Adha is a celebration of submission to God — and a reminder of the importance of faith in one’s life.


Asura holiday is an annual Shi'a Muslim event commemorating the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali in the Battle of Karbala. It is marked by mourning and remembrance of Husayn's suffering.

Turkish Armed Forces Day

Turkish Armed Forces Day celebrates the victory of the Turkish army over Greece in 1922 to secure Turkish independence. The fight ended with the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923, which formalized the borders of the newly formed Republic of Turkey. The annual celebration is a national holiday and includes a military parade in Ankara to commemorate the courage shown by the soldiers at the Battle of Dumlupınar. This important day in Turkish history serves to celebrate the hard-won independence of the country and the bravery of the Turkish army.

Victory Day in Turkey

Victory Day is a national holiday in Turkey that celebrates the country's victory in the Turkish War of Independence on August 30th, 1922. The day includes military parades, concerts, and other national festivities.


Muharram is the first month of the Islamic lunar calendar and marks a time of remembrance for Muslims. It begins with a holiday that includes prayer ceremonies, mourning and remembrances of martyrdom. It's an important event for the Islamic community.

European Heritage Days

European Heritage Days is a yearly event held on the second weekend in September. It is an opportunity to explore the cultural and architectural heritage of Europe, as well as to learn about the different regions and different traditions of the continent. The event includes open days for historic monuments, guided tours, events, workshops and other activities. It is a celebration of Europe’s rich and diverse cultural heritage, and a reminder of the importance of preserving it.

Republic Day Eve in Turkey

Republic Day Eve is a half day in Turkey

Upcoming Festivals in Turkey

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days


Eid al-Fitr is a Muslim holiday celebrated to mark the end of the holy month of Ramadan, which is a month of fasting and spiritual reflection. It is an occasion of joy for Muslims around the world. It is celebrated by the exchange of gifts, feasting on traditional dishes, and attending prayer services. Muslims often dress in their finest clothing and share special visits with family and friends. Eid al-Fitr marks a time of celebration, joy, and thanksgiving for Muslims who have spent the month of Ramadan fasting and praying.

EMERGING MARKETS-Stocks drop, dollar firms on caution ahead of Fed…

Turkey’s annual inflation rises * U.S. economic data on watch * South Korean shares fall over 2% * Stocks down 1.2%, dollar firms 0.3% By Siddarth S Jan 3 (Reuters) – Emerging market stocks dropped on Wednesday, while the U.S. dollar firmed, as investors shied away from risky assets as they awaited the minutes of the U.S. Federal Reserve’s December meeting for clues on the trajectory of interest rate cuts. The MSCI’s gauge of emerging market stocks was down 1.2% at 0941 GMT, while a basket of currencies dipped 0.3% against the dollar. The resurgence in the dollar index and benchmark U.S. Treasury yields in recent days sheds some light on fading optimism about early rate cuts as market participants…

Source: Daily Mail Online
Categories: Business, Investing, Stocks and Bonds, Commodities and Futures, Home, Personal Finance

Turkey offers visa-free entry for UAE, Saudi and citizens of 4 other countries to boost tourism

Turkey offers visa-free entry for UAE, Saudi and citizens of 4 other countries to boost tourism

Dubai: Turkey has announced visa-free entry for citizens from six countries, including the UAE and Saudi Arabia, in a significant move to bolster tourism and foster closer international ties. On Friday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan issued a decree, extending visa exemption to nationals holding passports of the UAE, Saudi Arabia, US, Canada, Bahrain and Oman. Also read For UAE travellers, Europe is back as favoured holiday destination, visa processing back to normal Bali, Malaysia strong contenders for UAE travellers’ summer plans, but Europe lags Tanzania joins Maldives as top destinations for Emiratis in 2021: Rehlaty by dnata Travel 10 affordable holiday destinations for Eid Al Adha The announcement was published in the Turkish Official Gazette on Saturday. Under the…

Categories: Recreation, Roads and Highways, Middle East, Business

Feature: Turks’ New Year wish-list highlights lingering economic chill

ANKARA, Dec. 20 (Xinhua) — As the New Year is approaching, the already pared-down holiday shopping list is still a burden for many Turks. “I am planning to buy gifts for my closest ones only, but it’s very difficult with these prices, everything is expensive,” Serpil Bahar, a 66-year-old retired nurse, told Xinhua in the capital Ankara’s downtown Kizilay after buying some lottery tickets from a street vendor. For Turks, New Year’s Eve is not only a traditional time when families roast chestnuts and play bingo while watching the entertaining line-up, but also the time when the big lottery is to be drawn. Even those who don’t play the lottery usually tend to have a go at this special time.…

Source: The Star
Categories: Home, Personal Finance, Money Management, Homemaking, Frugality, Society, Issues, Labor, Business

9 Hacks for Heart-Healthy Holidays | Weather.com

9 Hacks for Heart-Healthy Holidays | Weather.com

Turkey and ham. Mashed potatoes and gravy. Your mom’s special stuffing and aunt’s tuna casserole. Oh, and don’t forget the potato salad. You’ll be hard-pressed to enter the holiday season without eating — a lot. And though extremely delicious, all of these traditional family favorites also come with a hefty price tag of salt, sugar, and, of course, fat — none of which do much for heart health. Considering the nature of the holiday food fest, the American Heart Association recently came up with a list of healthy heart hacks for holiday recipes, including tips like replacing salt with herbs and spices and using unsweetened applesauce instead of butter when baking. Dr. Nicole Weinberg, a cardiologist at Providence Saint John’s…

Source: The Weather Channel
Categories: Home, Cooking, Special Diets, For Children, Recreation, Humor, Food and Drink, Health, Addictions, Food

Least favorite Thanksgiving foods: ‘Turkey is just for display,’ Gee Scott says

Least favorite Thanksgiving foods: ‘Turkey is just for display,’ Gee Scott says

“Turkey is just display,” says Gee Scott. But this turkey looks pretty dang beautiful. (L. Fritz/Getty Images) Now that Thanksgiving has arrived this year, a survey from Tastes Better With Scratch revealed the seven most reviled Thanksgiving foods typically served. Green bean casserole led the way with the most votes (31.4%) for America’s least favorite dish on Turkey Day, followed by sweet potato casserole (23.1%), roasted vegetables (16.4%), cranberry sauce (15.5%), stuffing (6.2%), homemade rolls (4.2%) and mashed potatoes and gravy (3.3%). Another poll conducted by SurveyMonkey on behalf of The Vacationer showed cranberry sauce (31.5%), sweet potatoes (29.2%), green bean casserole (28%), turkey (27.7%) and stuffing (26.8%) were the top five most “disliked” Thanksgiving dishes. (This survey allowed to…

Source: My Northwest
Categories: Shopping, Food, Meat, Home, Cooking, Sandwiches, Outdoors, Stuffings and Dressings, Techniques, Arts and Entertainment

Jive A** Turkey: A Heaping Helping Of Celebrity And Political Scandals, Shenanigans, And Squabbles

Jive A** Turkey: A Heaping Helping Of Celebrity And Political Scandals, Shenanigans, And Squabbles

Jive A** Turkey: A Heaping Helping Of Celebrity And Political Scandals, Shenanigans, And Squabbles Happy Thanksgiving, everyone! Unfortunately for some, their highly publicized exploits and embarrassments might make it difficult to celebrate this year’s annual American feast. There isn’t a calendar year that goes by where a celebrity or politician isn’t involved in some sort of scandal but 2023 has been particularly rife with foolishness and blog fodder. In the last week alone we’ve had lawsuits, sexual abuse allegations, domestic violence, and one of the fastest settled lawsuits we’ve ever seen. We’ve also watched famous folks become completely unhinged with some very ugly behavior over the conflict between Israel and Palestine. Some celebs opted for side pieces over side dishes…

Source: Bossip
Categories: Society, Relationships, Transgendered, Coming Out, Advice, Recreation, Humor, Arts and Entertainment

Affordable options for Thanksgiving

Affordable options for Thanksgiving

DETROIT – Turkey, mashed potatoes, stuffing, cranberry sauce and gravy — we all love a classic Thanksgiving meal. Cooking Thanksgiving dinner this year will be more expensive than it was before the pandemic, despite lower turkey prices. According to shopping expert Andrea Woroch, consumers will spend 28% more on average on Thursday’s holiday meal than they did four years ago. Given that it will take hours to prepare the meal, it might just be easier and more cost-effective to buy the holiday dinner. “Since it’s an expensive time of year, you’re spending more on gifts and other seasonal activities, stretching your dollars and finding any bit of savings is really important and there are easy ways to cut down on…

Source: WDIV
Categories: Home, Cooking, For Children, Society, Lifestyle Choices, Veganism, Outdoors, Recreation, Humor, Food and Drink, Techniques, Business

Gruesome video reveals how TOFURKY is really made

Gruesome video reveals how TOFURKY is really made

Turkey day is fast approaching — but for those who don’t partake in a plate of roasted meat, a slice of Tofurky is a popular option. However, have you ever thought about how the meat-free sausage is made? Tofurky, its name coming about by merging tofu and turkey, is made from a combination of wheat gluten, silken tofu and flavoring. Once combined and ready for consumption, it’s wrapped up in a neat, traditional package, not unlike a real turkey would be wrapped. Tofurky is made from a combination of wheat gluten, silken tofu and flavoring The popular Turkey replacement has been manufactured since 1996 and is made in Oregon But not all are thrilled with the behind-the-scenes look how the…

Source: Daily Mail Online
Categories: Home, Cooking, Shopping, Food, Meat, Outdoors, Stuffings and Dressings, Techniques

I do not celebrate “Thanksgiving”: Reframing the narrative from an Indigenous perspective

I do not celebrate “Thanksgiving”: Reframing the narrative from an Indigenous perspective

Thanksgiving Turkey at Plimoth Patuxet (Courtesy of Plimoth Patuxet Museums) For over a century, growing recognition of the historical inaccuracies and blatant cultural misrepresentations embedded in the traditional narrative of American Thanksgiving — which often gloss over the brutal impact of colonization on Indigenous and Native communities — has led to calls to reassess how the holiday is celebrated, if at all. This is something that Brad Lopes, who is an Aquinnah Wampanoag citizen as well as the Director of Wampanoag and Indigenous Interpretation and Training at Plimoth Patuxet Museums, located in Plymouth, Mass., thinks a lot about on both a personal and professional level. “I do not celebrate ‘Thanksgiving,’ although a harvest feast around the same time the federal…

Source: Salon.com
Categories: Arts and Entertainment

Great moments in Thanksgiving politics

Great moments in Thanksgiving politics

TURKEY TALES — Washington might be shuttered as electeds rush back to their states and districts to consider their political futures and plot out their plans for the rest of the year. But politics never sleeps, and there’s typically more action around Thanksgiving than just the clemency granted to a few lucky turkeys (among the 46 million killed for the holiday). For your holiday entertainment, Nightly presents six of the most memorable Thanksgiving-related political moments, just in time for your dinner table conversations. 1939: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt mixes up the dates — on purpose Before 1939, Thanksgiving was always held on the last Thursday of November. That was until President Franklin Delano Roosevelt — in an attempt to stimulate…

Categories: Society, Issues, Terrorism, Warfare and Conflict, Activism, Media, Politics