Iran, a Middle Eastern country located in Western Asia, is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 18th-largest in the world. Its population stands at 82 million people, 95 percent of whom are Persian-speaking. Iran is a unitary Islamic republic with a theocratic government based on Shia Islam. In addition to a rich cultural and historic heritage, its economy is largely based on crude oil and natural gas production and export.

Tourism in Iran: A Guide to Festive Travel

Iran, a country steeped in history and culture, is a must-visit destination for any avid traveler. With its vibrant festivals, breathtaking landscapes, and hospitable people, it is no wonder that tourism in Iran is on the rise. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I invite you to explore the wonders of this beautiful country during its festive season. From the bustling cities to the serene countryside, Iran has something for every type of traveler. So pack your bags and get ready for an unforgettable experience!

Tourism Overview

The festive season in Iran is a time of celebration and joy, with locals and tourists alike coming together to celebrate various cultural events. The atmosphere is filled with excitement, and there is no shortage of things to do and see. From traditional music and dance performances to colorful parades and delicious food, the festive spirit is contagious.

One of the unique tourist attractions during this time is the Nowruz festival, which marks the Persian New Year. This 13-day celebration is a time for family gatherings, feasting, and exchanging gifts. Other popular events include the Fajr International Film Festival, Tehran Book Fair, and Silk Road International Tourism Exhibition.

General Overview: Highlight Tourist Attractions

Iran boasts a rich cultural heritage that can be seen in its architecture, art, and traditions. The country is home to 24 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the ancient ruins of Persepolis and the beautiful city of Isfahan. Other must-see attractions include the Golestan Palace in Tehran, the Nasir al-Mulk Mosque in Shiraz, and the stunning Masuleh village in Gilan province.

Important Places: Describe Key Tourist Destinations

Tehran, the capital city, is a bustling metropolis with a mix of modern and traditional elements. It is home to some of the country’s most iconic landmarks, including the Azadi Tower and the Grand Bazaar. Isfahan, known as the “Half of the World,” is a treasure trove of Islamic architecture and is a must-visit for any history buff. The ancient city of Shiraz is famous for its beautiful gardens, such as the Eram Garden and the Narenjestan Garden.

Activities: Suggest Tourist Activities

In addition to visiting historical sites and attending festivals, there are plenty of other activities for tourists to enjoy in Iran. Nature lovers can explore the lush forests and majestic mountains in the north, while adventure seekers can go skiing in the Alborz Mountains. Foodies can indulge in delicious Persian cuisine, while shoppers can find unique souvenirs in the bustling bazaars.

Infrastructure and Transportation: Discuss Public Transportation Systems

Iran has a well-developed transportation system, making it easy for tourists to get around. The most common mode of transportation is by bus, with an extensive network connecting major cities and towns. There are also trains available for longer journeys, as well as domestic flights. Taxis and ride-sharing services like Snapp are also widely available in cities.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements: Describe the Visa Application Process

Foreign visitors will need a visa to enter Iran, which can be obtained through the Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs or at Iranian embassies or consulates. The process may vary depending on your country of origin, but generally, you will need to fill out an application form, provide a valid passport, and pay a fee. It is advisable to apply for a visa well in advance of your trip.

Health and Safety: Offer Health Precautions and Safety Tips

Iran is a safe country for tourists, but it is always important to take precautions. It is recommended to have travel insurance, including medical coverage, as well as to check with your doctor for any necessary vaccinations before traveling. As with any destination, it is also wise to be aware of your surroundings and avoid any areas that may be deemed unsafe.

Local Customs and Etiquette: Discuss Cultural Norms

Iran has a rich cultural heritage, and it is essential to respect local customs and etiquette while visiting. Women are required to wear a headscarf in public, and both men and women should dress modestly. It is also customary to remove your shoes before entering someone’s home. It is considered polite to greet people with “salam” (hello) and “khoda hafez” (goodbye).

Currency and Payment Methods: Explain the Currency and Acceptable Payment Options

The official currency of Iran is the Iranian Rial (IRR), but US dollars and Euros are also widely accepted. It is advisable to exchange money at official exchange offices or banks rather than on the street. Credit cards are not widely accepted, so it is best to carry cash for purchases. ATMs are available in major cities, but it is always good to have some cash on hand.

Festive Activities

The festive season in Iran offers a unique opportunity for tourists to immerse themselves in the country’s traditions. Here are some distinctive activities and experiences that you can indulge in during your visit:

  • Attend the Nowruz festival and witness the traditional Haft-Seen table, which symbolizes the seven elements of life.
  • Join in on the Chaharshanbe Suri celebration, where people jump over bonfires to symbolize leaving behind the darkness of winter and welcoming the light of spring.
  • Experience the traditional music and dance performances at the Fajr International Music Festival.
  • Sample delicious Persian cuisine, such as kebabs, stews, and saffron-infused rice dishes.

Infrastructure & Transit

The public transportation system in Iran is efficient, but it can get crowded during the festive season. Here are some tips for efficiently traversing the country:

  • Plan your itinerary in advance to avoid peak travel times.
  • Consider hiring a private driver for longer journeys.
  • Use ride-sharing services like Snapp to avoid the hassle of hailing a taxi on the street.
  • If traveling by bus, opt for VIP buses for a more comfortable ride.

Accommodation Options

Iran offers a range of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference. From luxury hotels to budget-friendly hostels, here are some options to consider:

  • Hotels: For a luxurious stay, check out five-star hotels like Espinas Palace Hotel in Tehran or Abbasi Hotel in Isfahan.
  • Guesthouses: For a more authentic experience, consider staying at a traditional guesthouse (called “Mashhad” or “Khaneghah”) in cities like Yazd or Kashan.
  • Hostels: Budget-friendly options include hostels like Seven Hostel in Tehran or Niayesh Boutique Hostel in Isfahan.
  • Airbnb: For a home-away-from-home experience, consider booking an Airbnb apartment in major cities.

Discuss the Advantages of Different Accommodations in Relation to Country Events

Staying at a traditional guesthouse or Airbnb apartment can provide a more immersive experience during festivals, as you will have the opportunity to interact with locals and learn about their traditions. Luxury hotels may offer special packages or events during the festive season, making it a great option for those looking for a more upscale experience.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Iran is known for its vibrant bazaars and markets, where you can find everything from spices and handicrafts to clothing and jewelry. Here are some tips for shopping and finding unique souvenirs:

  • Visit the Grand Bazaar in Tehran, one of the largest covered markets in the world.
  • Explore the Vakil Bazaar in Shiraz, famous for its colorful carpets and spices.
  • For traditional handicrafts, head to the Qeysarieh Bazaar in Isfahan.
  • For a taste of modern Iran, check out the Palladium Shopping Mall in Tehran.

Technology and Connectivity

Iran has a good internet connection, and most major cities have free Wi-Fi hotspots. However, it is always good to be prepared when traveling to a new country. Here are some tips for staying connected:

  • Get an Iranian SIM card for your phone upon arrival. MTN Irancell and Hamrah-e-Aval are two popular providers.
  • Download apps like Google Maps or Citymapper for navigation.
  • Consider downloading a language translation app like iTranslate or Google Translate to help with communication.
  • If attending festivals or events, check if there is an official app available for ticket purchases or event information.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Iran has a diverse landscape, making it a great destination for eco-tourism and outdoor adventures. Here are some activities to consider:

  • Hike in the Alborz Mountains or the Zagros Mountains.
  • Visit the Caspian Sea and enjoy water sports like swimming, boating, and fishing.
  • Explore the beautiful forests of Gilan province, home to many species of plants and animals.
  • Join an eco-tour to learn about sustainable farming practices in rural areas.

Promote Responsible Tourism Practices in Line with Environmental Sustainability

As a responsible traveler, it is important to be mindful of your impact on the environment. Here are some tips for practicing responsible tourism in Iran:

  • Respect nature by not littering and following designated trails while hiking.
  • Support local businesses and buy locally-made products.
  • Choose eco-friendly accommodations that implement sustainable practices.
  • Be respectful of cultural sites and monuments by not damaging or defacing them.

Local Festivals and Events

In addition to the major festivals, there are also smaller local events taking place around the country during the festive season. These events offer a glimpse into the unique traditions and customs of different regions in Iran. Some examples include:

  • The Rose Festival in Kashan, where locals harvest roses to make rosewater and other products.
  • The Carpet Weaving Festival in Tabriz, where you can witness the intricate process of carpet making.
  • The Yalda Night celebration, which marks the longest night of the year and is celebrated with food, music, and storytelling.

Practical Advice and Tips

Here are some practical tips to keep in mind when planning your trip to Iran:

  • Research the cost of living in Iran to budget accordingly.
  • Consider hiring a local guide for a more authentic experience and to navigate cultural differences.
  • Be aware of local laws and customs, such as dress codes and alcohol restrictions.
  • Always carry a form of identification with you.
  • In case of emergency, dial 110 for police assistance and 115 for medical emergencies.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

If you’re planning to visit Iran during the festive season, here is some practical information to help you make the most of your trip:

Convey Practical Information, Including the Schedule for Country Events, Ticket Acquisition, and Venue Locations

The festive season in Iran typically runs from mid-March to early April. Here are some key events and their schedules:

  • Nowruz Festival: March 20th – April 1st
  • Fajr International Film Festival: February 1st – February 11th
  • Tehran Book Fair: May 1st – May 11th
  • Silk Road International Tourism Exhibition: February 12th – February 15th

Tickets for these events can be purchased online or at designated ticket offices. It is advisable to book in advance, especially for popular events like Nowruz. Venues for these events are located in major cities like Tehran, Isfahan, and Shiraz.

Suggest the Optimal Period for Visiting the Country, with a Focus on Seasonal Aspects

The best time to visit Iran is during the spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November) seasons. The weather is mild, and there are fewer tourists compared to the peak summer months. However, if you want to experience the festive season, then plan your trip around Nowruz in March.

Highlight the Not-to-be-Missed Country Events and Activities

Some not-to-be-missed events and activities during the festive season in Iran include:

  • The Nowruz festival and all its traditional customs and celebrations.
  • Attending a music or film festival, such as the Fajr International Music Festival or the Fajr International Film Festival.
  • Exploring the vibrant bazaars and markets for unique souvenirs.
  • Indulging in delicious Persian cuisine.

Advise on Suitable Attire for the Country Climate and Festive Occasions in the Country

Iran has a diverse climate, ranging from hot and dry in the south to cold and snowy in the north. It is advisable to pack layers, especially if traveling during the spring or autumn seasons. For festive occasions, women should dress modestly with a headscarf, while men should wear long-sleeved shirts and pants.

Enumerate Dos and Don’ts to Honor the Local Customs and Practices

To show respect for local customs and practices, here are some dos and don’ts to keep in mind:

  • Do greet people with “salam” (hello) and “khoda hafez” (goodbye).
  • Do remove your shoes before entering someone’s home.
  • Don’t take photos of people without their permission.
  • Don’t engage in public displays of affection.
  • Don’t drink alcohol in public.

Offer Language Assistance with Common Phrases to Facilitate Interaction with the Locals

Learning a few basic phrases in Persian can go a long way in connecting with the locals. Here are some common phrases to help you communicate:

  • Hello: Salam
  • Thank you: Merci
  • How much?: Chande?
  • I don’t understand: Nemifahmam
  • Excuse me: Bebakhshid

Include Vital Emergency Contact Numbers for Prompt Aid


Iran: A Country of Rich History and Vibrant Culture

Iran, also known as Persia, is a country located in Western Asia. It is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world, with a land area of over 1.6 million square kilometers. Iran has a diverse landscape, ranging from mountains and deserts to forests and coastlines. It is also home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world, with a rich history and vibrant culture that has influenced many other countries.

Population and Demographics

According to the latest data from the World Bank, Iran has a population of approximately 84 million people, making it the 18th most populous country in the world. The majority of the population (approximately 70%) resides in urban areas, with Tehran being the most populous city. The country has a relatively young population, with a median age of 32 years.

The official language of Iran is Persian, also known as Farsi, which is spoken by around 53% of the population. Other languages spoken in Iran include Azeri, Kurdish, and Arabic. The majority of Iranians (approximately 98%) are Muslims, with Shia Islam being the dominant sect.

Economy and GDP

Iran’s economy is considered to be a mixed and transition economy, with a combination of government planning and market forces. The country has vast reserves of natural resources, including oil and natural gas, which have been the main drivers of its economy. According to the World Bank, Iran’s GDP was approximately $454 billion in 2019, making it the second-largest economy in the Middle East after Saudi Arabia.

However, due to international sanctions and political instability, Iran’s economy has faced challenges in recent years. Inflation rates have been high, reaching over 40% in 2019, and unemployment rates have also been a concern, with around 10% of the population being unemployed.

Education and Literacy

Iran has made significant progress in its education system, with a literacy rate of over 85%. The country has a well-established education system, with compulsory education for children aged 6 to 11. Iran also has a high enrollment rate in primary and secondary education, with almost universal access to education.

The country also has several prestigious universities, including the University of Tehran, which is ranked as one of the top universities in the region. Education is highly valued in Iranian culture, and many Iranians pursue higher education to advance their careers.

Tourism and Culture

Iran is a country with a rich cultural heritage, evident in its architecture, art, music, and literature. The country has 24 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the ancient city of Persepolis and the historic bazaar of Tabriz. Tourism has been growing steadily in Iran, with over 7 million tourists visiting the country in 2019.

One of the main attractions for tourists is the vibrant culture and warm hospitality of the Iranian people. Iran is also known for its delicious cuisine, influenced by its neighboring countries such as Turkey and Afghanistan. Traditional dishes like kebabs, stews, and rice dishes are popular among locals and tourists alike.


In conclusion, Iran is a country with a rich history, diverse landscape, and vibrant culture. Despite facing challenges in its economy and political landscape, Iran continues to thrive and attract visitors from all over the world. With its ancient civilization and modern developments, Iran is truly a unique and fascinating country to explore

  • Where is Iran located?
    Iran is located in Western Asia, bordered by Iraq, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.
  • What is the capital of Iran?
    The capital of Iran is Tehran.
  • What is the official language of Iran?
    The official language of Iran is Persian.
  • What is the currency used in Iran?
    The currency used in Iran is the Iranian Rial (IRR).
  • What is the population of Iran?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Iran is over 84 million.
  • What is the climate like in Iran?
    Iran has a diverse climate with regions experiencing desert, Mediterranean, and subtropical climates.
  • What are some popular dishes in Iran?
    Some popular dishes in Iran include kebabs, rice dishes such as chelo and polo, and stews like ghormeh sabzi and fesenjan.
  • What are some traditional music and songs in Iran?
    Traditional Iranian music includes classical, folk, and pop genres. Some popular songs include "Ey Iran" and "Morgh-e Sahar" by Mohammad Reza Shajarian.
  • What are some important historical sites to visit in Iran?
    Some important historical sites to visit in Iran include Persepolis, Naqsh-e Jahan Square, and Golestan Palace.
  • Do I need a visa to travel to Iran?
    Most visitors will need a visa to travel to Iran. However, citizens of some countries may be eligible for visa-free entry or visa on arrival. It is best to check with the Iranian embassy or consulate in your country for specific visa requirements.
  • What is the best time of year to visit Iran?
    The best time to visit Iran is during spring (March-May) and autumn (September-November) when the weather is mild and pleasant.
  • Is it safe to travel to Iran?
    Iran is generally a safe country for tourists. However, it is important to be aware of and respectful of local customs and laws.
  • What are some cultural customs and etiquette in Iran?
    Some cultural customs and etiquette in Iran include dressing modestly, removing shoes before entering homes or mosques, and avoiding public displays of affection.
  • What is the dress code for women in Iran?
    Women in Iran are required to wear a headscarf and cover their arms and legs in public. However, there is no strict dress code for tourists and many women choose to wear a loose headscarf and long-sleeved tunic.
  • What is the currency exchange rate in Iran?
    As of 2021, the currency exchange rate for 1 US dollar to Iranian Rial is approximately 42,000 IRR.
  • What are some common phrases in Persian?
    Some common phrases in Persian include "salam" for hello, "merci" for thank you, and "khodahafez" for goodbye.
  • What are some traditional souvenirs to buy in Iran?
    Some traditional souvenirs to buy in Iran include handwoven carpets, miniature paintings, saffron, and rosewater.
  • What are some popular festivals and celebrations in Iran?
    Some popular festivals and celebrations in Iran include Nowruz (Persian New Year), Mehregan (Persian festival of autumn), and Yalda (Persian winter solstice celebration).
  • What is the voltage and plug type used in Iran?
    The voltage in Iran is 220V and the plug type is type C and F, with two round pins.
  • What is the time zone in Iran?
    Iran is in the UTC+03:30 time zone.
  • What are some popular activities to do in Iran?
    Some popular activities to do in Iran include visiting historical sites, trying traditional cuisine, shopping in bazaars, and exploring nature.
  • Is it acceptable to tip in Iran?
    Tipping is not expected in Iran, but it is appreciated for exceptional service. It is also common to round up the bill as a small tip.
  • What are some common modes of transportation in Iran?
    Common modes of transportation in Iran include buses, taxis, and domestic flights.
  • Can I use my credit card in Iran?
    Due to sanctions, most international credit and debit cards are not accepted in Iran. It is best to bring cash or use a local debit card.
  • What are some important phone numbers to know in case of an emergency?
    Some important phone numbers to know in case of an emergency include 110 for police, 115 for fire department, and 125 for ambulance services.
  • Are there any health risks or vaccinations required for travel to Iran?
    There are no specific health risks or vaccinations required for travel to Iran. However, it is recommended to be up-to-date on routine vaccinations and consult with a healthcare professional before traveling.
  • Can I drink alcohol in Iran?
    No, alcohol consumption is strictly prohibited in Iran.
  • Is there a dress code for men in Iran?
    Men are expected to dress modestly in Iran, but there is no strict dress code. It is recommended to avoid wearing shorts or sleeveless shirts in public.
  • What is the etiquette for greeting someone in Iran?
    It is common to greet someone with a handshake and say "salam" or "salam aleikum" (peace be upon you).
  • What is the legal drinking age in Iran?
    The legal drinking age in Iran is 18, but as alcohol consumption is prohibited, this does not apply to tourists.
  • Are there any cultural or religious restrictions for tourists in Iran?
    As a predominantly Muslim country, there may be some cultural or religious restrictions for tourists. It is important to be respectful of local customs and laws.
  • What are some traditional crafts and arts in Iran?
    Some traditional crafts and arts in Iran include pottery, metalwork, and miniature painting.
  • What are some popular cities to visit in Iran?
    Some popular cities to visit in Iran include Tehran, Isfahan, Shiraz, and Yazd.
  • What is the dress code for men and women at religious sites in Iran?
    Both men and women are required to dress modestly at religious sites, covering their arms and legs. Women must also wear a headscarf.
  • What are some popular dishes for vegetarians in Iran?
    Some popular vegetarian dishes in Iran include ash-e reshteh (noodle soup), kashk-e bademjan (eggplant dip), and sabzi polo (herb rice).
  • Is it acceptable to haggle while shopping in Iran?
    Haggling is common in Iran, especially in bazaars. However, it is not acceptable in modern shops or for essential services like taxis.
  • What is the legal age for marriage in Iran?
    The legal age for marriage in Iran is 13 for girls and 15 for boys, with parental consent. However, the average age of marriage is higher and many couples choose to marry later.
  • Are there any restrictions on photography in Iran?
    Photography is generally allowed in public places, but it is recommended to ask for permission before taking photos of people or religious sites.
  • What are some popular outdoor activities in Iran?
    Some popular outdoor activities in Iran include hiking in the Alborz or Zagros mountains, skiing in Dizin or Shemshak, and visiting the Caspian Sea coast.
  • What are some traditional desserts in Iran?
    Some traditional desserts in Iran include faludeh (frozen dessert), shole zard (saffron rice pudding), and faloodeh (vermicelli dessert).
  • Is it acceptable to use my left hand in Iran?
    In Iran, the left hand is considered unclean and should not be used for eating or greeting others.
  • What are some popular drinks in Iran?
    Some popular drinks in Iran include doogh (yogurt drink), sharbat (fruit syrup drink), and chai (tea).
  • Are there any specific customs or etiquette to follow during meals in Iran?
    It is customary to remove shoes before entering a home for a meal. It is also polite to leave a small amount of food on your plate as a sign of being full.
  • What are some common modes of transportation within cities in Iran?
    Common modes of transportation within cities in Iran include taxis, buses, and the metro (in Tehran).
  • What are some traditional sports and games in Iran?
    Some traditional sports and games in Iran include polo, zurkhaneh (traditional gymnasium), and backgammon.
  • Is there a specific dress code for men and women at the beach in Iran?
    At public beaches in Iran, women must wear a full-body swimsuit and men must wear shorts that cover their knees. Private beaches may have more relaxed dress codes.
  • What is the legal age for voting in Iran?
    The legal age for voting in Iran is 18.
  • Are there any restrictions on internet usage in Iran?
    Internet usage is restricted in Iran, with many social media platforms and websites blocked. It is recommended to use a virtual private network (VPN) while in Iran.

A Closer Look at Iran

Iran Flag


Iran Formation Date

September 22, 1906

Iran Capital Name


Iran Neighbours

  1. Afghanistan Afghanistan
  2. Armenia Armenia
  3. Azerbaijan Azerbaijan
  4. Pakistan Pakistan
  5. Turkey Turkey
  6. Iraq Iraq
  7. Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia

Exploring Iran

Iran: A Journey Through History, Culture, and Beauty

Iran, a country located in Western Asia, is a land of rich history, diverse culture, and breathtaking landscapes. Known for its ancient civilizations, vibrant art and music scene, and warm hospitality, Iran has been a popular destination for travelers from around the world. In this article, we will delve into the various aspects of Iran, from its geography and history to its politics and economy, providing you with a comprehensive guide to this fascinating country.

Key Takeaways:

  • Iran is located in Western Asia and is known for its ancient civilizations and diverse culture.
  • The country has a complex political system and a growing economy.
  • Iran's population is predominantly Persian with significant ethnic and religious diversity.
  • The country has a rich cultural heritage with a strong emphasis on art, music, and traditions.
  • Tourism in Iran is on the rise with its stunning landscapes, historical sites, and warm hospitality attracting visitors from around the world.


Iran is the second-largest country in the Middle East, spanning over 1.6 million square kilometers. It is bordered by seven countries including Iraq, Turkey, and Afghanistan. The country's geography is diverse, with rugged mountains in the north, deserts in the center, and lush forests in the west. The Zagros Mountains run through the western part of the country, while the Alborz Mountains dominate the northern region. Iran is also home to vast natural resources such as oil, natural gas, copper, and zinc. The country's climate varies from region to region with hot summers and cold winters in the central plateau, while the coastal regions experience milder temperatures.

Origin and History:

Iran has a rich history dating back to ancient civilizations such as the Elamites, Medes, and Achaemenids. It was also part of the Persian Empire, one of the largest empires in the world, which ruled from 550 BC to 330 BC. In more recent history, Iran has gone through significant political and social changes, including the Islamic Revolution in 1979 and the establishment of an Islamic Republic.

Government and Politics:

Iran's political system is complex, with a mix of democratic and theocratic elements. The country is led by a Supreme Leader who holds ultimate authority over all state institutions. The president is the head of government and is elected through a popular vote. Iran is divided into 31 provinces, each with its own governor appointed by the central government. Iran's foreign relations have been a topic of much debate and controversy. The country has strained relationships with some Western countries but maintains strong ties with neighboring countries and other nations in the region.

Commerce and Economy:

Iran's economy is primarily based on oil and natural gas exports, which account for a significant portion of its GDP. However, the country has been working towards diversifying its economy by investing in other sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism. Iran has also established trade relations with various countries, including China, Turkey, and India.


Iran's population is estimated to be around 84 million people, with Persians making up the majority at around 61%. Other ethnic groups include Azeris, Kurds, Arabs, and Balochs. The country also has a diverse religious landscape with Islam being the dominant religion followed by Shia Muslims at around 90% of the population.


Iran has a rich cultural heritage that is deeply rooted in its history and traditions. The country is known for its beautiful art, including intricate carpets, pottery, and calligraphy. Music is also an essential part of Iranian culture, with traditional instruments such as the tar, santur, and daf being widely used. Iranians also celebrate various festivals and holidays throughout the year, such as Nowruz (Persian New Year) and Yalda (Winter Solstice).

Languages and Religion:

The official language of Iran is Persian, but there are also numerous regional dialects spoken throughout the country. Other languages such as Azeri, Kurdish, and Arabic are also widely spoken. Islam is the dominant religion in Iran, with Shia Islam being the official state religion. However, there are also significant religious minorities such as Christians, Jews, and Zoroastrians.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

Iran has a well-developed education system with a high literacy rate of over 85%. The country has numerous academic institutions, including universities and technical schools. Healthcare in Iran is also highly accessible and affordable for its citizens, with a mix of public and private healthcare facilities.

Sports and Recreation:

Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Iran, with the national team having achieved success in international competitions. Other popular sports include wrestling, volleyball, and basketball. Iranians also enjoy various recreational activities such as hiking in the mountains, skiing in the winter, and spending time in nature.


Iran's tourism industry has been steadily growing in recent years, with its stunning landscapes, rich history, and warm hospitality attracting visitors from around the world. The country is home to numerous historical sites such as Persepolis and Naqsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan. It also has beautiful natural attractions like the Caspian Sea in the north and the deserts in the central plateau. The country has also invested in its tourism infrastructure, with a range of accommodation options and transportation services available for visitors.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

Traveling to Iran requires a visa, which can be obtained from the Iranian embassy or consulate in your home country. It is also recommended to have travel insurance and check the current health and safety guidelines before your trip. Iran has a rich culture and customs, so it is essential to be respectful and dress modestly when visiting religious sites. The local currency is the Iranian Rial, but US dollars and Euros are also widely accepted.


  • "Isfahan is half the world." - Persian Proverb
  • "I am not afraid of an army of lions led by a sheep; I am afraid of an army of sheep led by a lion." - Alexander the Great
  • "If you want to know the truth, look to nature." - Persian Proverb


Iran is a country with a rich history, diverse culture, and stunning landscapes. Its complex political system and growing economy make it a unique destination for travelers looking for an authentic experience. With its warm hospitality and fascinating attractions, Iran is sure to leave a lasting impression on anyone who visits. As the country continues to develop and open up to the world, we can only expect to see more of its beauty and charm in the future.

Iran Highest Point Name

The highest point in Iran is Mount Damavand (or Damāvand) which stands at a height of 5,610 m (18,406 ft). It is located in the Elburz mountain range approximately 70 kilometres (43 mi) northeast of Tehran in the province of Mazandaran. The dormant volcano is the highest peak in the Middle East and the highest volcano in all of Asia.

Iran Capital Longitude

Tehran, the capital of Iran, has a longitude of 51.42°E.

Iran Capital Latitude

Tehran, Iran is the capital of Iran and its latitude is 35.6850° N.

Iran Official Languages

The official language of Iran is Persian (also known as Farsi). Other languages spoken include Azeri, Kurdish, Luri, Gilaki, Mazandarani, Balochi and Arabic.

Iran Ethnic Groups

The population of Iran consists of several ethnic groups, including Persians (51%), Kurds (10%), Lurs (6%), and Azeri (16%). Other sizable ethnic groups include Gilakis, Mazandaranis, Arabs, Balochs, Turkmens, Qashqais, Armenians, Georgians, Talysh, Circassians, and Afro-Iranians. Many of these groups are further subdivided into smaller sub-ethnic groups. The Jewish population in Iran is estimated to be around 25,000, making it the largest Jewish community in the Middle East outside of Israel.

Iran Religions

The majority of the population of Iran is Shi'a Muslim (89%). The next largest religious group is Sunni Muslims (9%), followed by christians (1.5%), Zoroastrians (0.2%) and Jews (0.06%). There are also small minorities of Mandaeans and Baháʼís. Afghans in Iran generally practice Islam. Sunnis primarily follow the Hanafi school of Islam, while the majority of Shiites follow the Twelvers branch, with a small population of Ismaili Shias in the border regions. All religious minorities are legally allowed to practice their faith freely in Iran.

Iran Total Area

The total area of Iran is 1,648,195 square kilometers (636,372 square miles).

Iran Land Area

1,648,195 km²

Iran Water Area

The total area of Iran is 1,648,195 square kilometers, of which 1,599,220 square kilometers are land and 48,975 square kilometers (3%) are water. The most recent estimate of the total area of Iran was published in 2018.

Iran Total Population

As of July 2020, the total population of Iran is 83,944,458.

Iran Currency Name

The currency of Iran is the Iranian Rial (IRR).

Iran Currency Code

Iranian rial (IRR)

Iran Currency Symbol

ریال (Rial)

Iran Time Zones

  • Standard Time: UTC+03:30
  • Daylight Saving Time: UTC+04:30

Iran's standard time zone is UTC+03:30. Daylight saving or summer time is not observed in Iran and the country has not changed its time zone since 1932. From May 21 to the end of September each year, the government launches its "Energy Saving" scheme, which results in an imposed shift of 1 hour forward (e.g. ticking clock from 03:00 to 04:00 am) from Thursday midnight. This allows Iranians to enjoy the bright mornings and the extra hours of sunlight. The scheme is announced at least two weeks prior to the energy saving period; usually in the first week of May and September.

Iran Calling Code


Iran Internet TLD

How to Say "Iran" In Different Languages?

ايران (ps-AF)
ইরান (bn-BD)
Irã (pt-PT)
Iran (fr-FR)
Iran (de-DE)
ईरान (hi-IN)
ইরান (bn-IN)
Iran (id-ID)
איראן (he-IL)
イラン (ja-JP)
Iran (pl-PL)
Иран (ru-RU)
إيران (ar-SA)
伊朗 (zh-SG)
이란 (ko-KR)
Irán (es-ES)
อิหร่าน (th-TH)
İran (tr-TR)
Iran (vi-VN)

Iran Popular Holidays

Birthday of Imam Mahdi's Grandfather
7 Ramadan
Farewell Pilgrimage of Imam Ali
7 Sha’ban (8 Sha’ban)
Al-Isra and Al-Mi’raj (Night Journey)
25 Rajab
20 Rajab (1 Ramadan)
Ta'zieh (performance of Karbala tragedy)
4 Dhu al-Hajjah
Fatimah's Declaration of Innocence
6 Ramadan (7 Ramadan)
Shab-e-Barat (Night of Forgiveness)
14 Sha’ban (15 Sha’ban)
Last Ayat of Quran Revelation (Quran Qayamah)
21 Ramadan
Martyrdom of Imam Jafar al Sadiq and liberation of Baghdad
19 Ramadan (20 Ramadan)
Asura of Imam Hossein
9 Muharram (10 Muharram)
Imam Hossein’s Farewell Pilgrimage to Mecca
4 Dhu al-Qa'dah (5 Dhu al-Qa'dah)
Farewell Pilgrimage of Fatimah
1 Ramadan (2 Ramadan)
Farewell Pilgrimage of Imam Hassan
7 Rajab (8 Rajab)
Ghadir Khumm (declaration of Imam Ali)
18 Dhu al-Hajjah (19 Dhu al-Hajjah)
Martyrdom of Ammar ibn Yasir
4 Sha’ban (5 Sha’ban)
Aashoura (Martyrdom of Imam Hossein)
10 Muharram
Farewell Pilgrimage of Imam Jafar al-Sadiq
14 Sha’ban (15 Sha’ban)
Farewell Pilgrimage of Imam Mohammad Taqi
19 Dhu al-Qa'dah (20 Dhu al-Qa'dah)
Farewell Pilgrimage of Imam Ali al-Naqi
7 Sha’ban (8 Sha’ban)
Farewell Pilgrimage of Imam Hassan al-Askari
11 Sha’ban (12 Sha’ban)
Arbaeen of Imam Hossein
20 Safar
Day of Imam Reza’s accession to power
12 Ramadan (13 Ramadan)
Entrance of Imam Mahdi in Occultation
8 Rabi al-Awal
Martyrdom of Imran ibn Hussain
11 Safar
Muharram (Islamic New Year)
1 Muharram
New Year's Day
1 January
Martyrdom of Imam Hasan
7 January (8 January)
Birthday of Imam Rida
17 January (18 January)
Imam Hasan's Treaty with Muawiyah
19 January (20 January)
Tawaf of Syeda (al-Tawaf al-Ziyarat)
8 March (9 March)
Birthday of Imam Ali al-Naqi
16 March (17 March)
First Day of Spring (Nowruz)
21 March
Birthday of Imam Ali ibn Musa al-Kadim
4 April (5 April)
Birth of Prophet Muhammad (Imam Zaman)
13 April (14 April)
Martyrdom of Imam Ali
21 April (22 April)
Martyrdom of Imam Jafar al-Sadiq
28 April (29 April)
Martyrdom of Fatimah
7 May (8 May)
Eid al-Fitr
13 May (14 May)
Qadr Night (Laylat al-Qadr)
19 May (20 May)
Martyrdom of Imam Ali and Laylat al-Mab'ath (mission of Prophet Muhammad)
20 May (21 May)
Birthday of Imam Mohammad Taqi (al-Jawad)
24 May (25 May)
Accession of Imam Ali
5 June (6 June)
Birthday of Imam Mahdi
13 June (14 June)
Father's Day
13 June
Ascension of Prophet Muhammad (Miraj)
15 June (16 June)
Martyrdom of Abbas ibn Ali
20 June (21 June)
Eid al-Qurban
23 July (24 July)
Birthday of Imam Ali
1 August (2 August)
Martyrdom of Imam MohammadTaqi
4 August (5 August)
Designation of Imam Mahdi as Future Leader of Muslims
23 August (24 August)
Martyrdom of Imam Hossein and Mourning of Muharram (Ashura)
29 August (30 August)
Khamseh Ceremony
2 September
Eid al-Ghadir
11 September (12 September)
Eid al-Mubahila (Mutual Cursing)
14 September (15 September)
Anniversary of Tasu'a and Ashura
27 September (28 September)
Maidan of Karbala
2 October
Eid al-Ghadeer Khumm
9 October
Martyrdom of Imam Hossein
10 October (11 October)
End of Winter (Esfandegan)
11 October
Birthday of Imam Jafar al-Sadiq
15 October (16 October)
Birthday of Imam Hassan
15 October (16 October)
Birthday of Imam Ali ibn Musa (al-Rizha)
18 October (19 October)
20 October
Birth of Imam Hasan
25 October (26 October)
Martyrdom of Imam Ali ibn Musa al-Rizha
25 October (26 October)
Martyrdom of Imam Ali al-Naqi
14 November (15 November)
Occupation of the Grand Mosque of Mecca
20 November
Jami'eh of Salman al-Farsi
5 December (6 December)
Martyrdom of Imam Ali ibn Musa al-Kadim
6 December (7 December)
Birthday of Imam Hassan al-Askari
8 December (9 December)
Martyrdom of Imam Hassan al-Askari
14 December (15 December)

We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Iran

National and Public Holidays in Iran next days/week/month/year

Islamic Republic Day in Iran

Iran celebrates its National Day on the 11th of February, marking the establishment of the Islamic Republic in 1979. The day is filled with patriotic displays, parades, and cultural performances as the country commemorates its rich history, diverse traditions, and vibrant culture. As a public holiday, it is a perfect opportunity to experience the warmth and hospitality of the Iranian people.

Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha is an Islamic holiday that honors the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim to follow God's command to sacrifice his son. It is celebrated by Muslims around the world and is seen as a time for families and friends to gather to share in the joy of the holiday. Traditionally, Muslims gather for prayer at mosques and community centers during the four-day celebration, and animals are slaughtered and shared among family, friends, and those in need. Gifts are also exchanged and hot meals prepared and served. Other activities may include recreational activities like music, dancing, and games.

Laylatul Qadr

Laylatul Qadr is an Islamic holiday celebrated on the 27th day of Ramadan when Muslims believe that Allah revealed the Quran. It is considered to be more precious than 1000 months of worship and prayer.

Ashura in Iran

"Experience the rich cultural traditions of Iran during the observance of Ashura, a national holiday steeped in history and significance. From solemn processions to vibrant street celebrations, immerse yourself in the spiritual and communal atmosphere of this important event in Iran's calendar. A must-visit for any cultural enthusiast."

Eidul Adha

Eidul Adha is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide. It marks the end of the Hajj pilgrimage and honors Abraham’s willingness to obey God by sacrificing his son Ishmael. During the three-day holiday, Muslims attend special communal prayers, share meals, give gifts, and remember the importance of faith and sacrifice. Some Muslims may also sacrifice an animal as a representation of Abraham’s faith. The holiday also serves as an opportunity to strengthen family and social ties, build goodwill and compassion among Muslim communities, give to the poor, and reduce stress and hardship. Eidul Adha is a celebration of submission to God — and a reminder of the importance of faith in one’s life.

Public Holiday for Extreme Weather in Iran

Iran celebrates "Extreme Weather Day" on the first day of winter, a national holiday that pays tribute to the country's diverse climate. From the snowy peaks of the Alborz Mountains to the hot and dry deserts, Iranians embrace the unpredictable weather with traditional food, music, and outdoor activities. #IranExtremeWeatherDay #NationalHoliday #DiverseClimate


Asura holiday is an annual Shi'a Muslim event commemorating the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali in the Battle of Karbala. It is marked by mourning and remembrance of Husayn's suffering.

Arbaeen in Iran

Arbaeen is a Shia Muslim holiday commemorating the death of Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad. It is held annually on the 40th day after Ashoura and draws millions of pilgrims from around the world.


Muharram is the first month of the Islamic lunar calendar and marks a time of remembrance for Muslims. It begins with a holiday that includes prayer ceremonies, mourning and remembrances of martyrdom. It's an important event for the Islamic community.

Demise of Prophet Muhammad and Martyrdom of Imam Hassan in Iran

On the auspicious occasion of the Demise of Prophet Muhammad and Martyrdom of Imam Hassan, Iran, I offer my warmest greetings to all those celebrating the important holiday. This momentous feast day is an opportunity to honor two extraordinary religious figures and celebrate the enduring legacy of peace, love, and understanding they brought to the world.

Upcoming Festivals in Iran

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days


Eid al-Fitr is a Muslim holiday celebrated to mark the end of the holy month of Ramadan, which is a month of fasting and spiritual reflection. It is an occasion of joy for Muslims around the world. It is celebrated by the exchange of gifts, feasting on traditional dishes, and attending prayer services. Muslims often dress in their finest clothing and share special visits with family and friends. Eid al-Fitr marks a time of celebration, joy, and thanksgiving for Muslims who have spent the month of Ramadan fasting and praying.

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