Afghanistan is a landlocked country located in Central and South Asia. It is bordered by Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and China. It is one of the world’s poorest countries, with an estimated population of 33 million and a long history of unrest, conflict and strife. Despite the challenges, Afghanistan is slowly rebuilding its economy and cultural fabric as the country continues to strive for democratic ideals and economic prosperity.

Tourism in Afghanistan: A Comprehensive Guide for Travelers

Afghanistan may not be the first country that comes to mind when thinking about tourism, but this landlocked nation in South Asia has a rich history and culture that make it a fascinating destination for travelers. Despite its tumultuous past, Afghanistan is slowly opening up to tourists and offers a unique experience for those seeking an off-the-beaten-path adventure.

The Festive Spirit of Afghanistan

The people of Afghanistan are known for their warm hospitality and festive spirit, making it a welcoming destination for tourists. Throughout the year, there are several festivals and events that bring the community together, showcasing their traditions and customs. From music and dance performances to traditional food and crafts, these celebrations offer a glimpse into the vibrant culture of Afghanistan.

Unique Tourist Attractions

One of the most popular tourist attractions in Afghanistan is the ancient city of Kabul, which has been inhabited for over 3,500 years. The city is home to numerous historical sites such as the Kabul Museum, Babur’s Gardens, and the famous Darul Aman Palace. Other must-visit destinations include the stunning lakes of Band-e-Amir National Park, the Buddhist ruins of Bamiyan, and the ancient city of Herat.

Important Places to Visit

In addition to its historical sites, Afghanistan also boasts breathtaking natural landscapes. The Panjshir Valley, surrounded by towering mountains, is a popular spot for hiking and camping. The Wakhan Corridor, a narrow strip of land that connects Afghanistan to China, offers stunning views of the Hindu Kush mountains and is home to several ethnic communities.

Activities for Tourists

For adventurous travelers, there are plenty of activities to indulge in during their stay in Afghanistan. From trekking through rugged mountain terrain to skiing in the winter months, there is something for every outdoor enthusiast. For a more cultural experience, visitors can participate in traditional Afghan cooking classes or attend a local music and dance performance.

Infrastructure and Transportation

While Afghanistan’s infrastructure may not be as developed as other tourist destinations, the country has made significant progress in recent years. Public transportation options such as buses and taxis are available, but it is recommended to hire a private driver or join a guided tour for convenience and safety.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

All foreign visitors to Afghanistan are required to obtain a visa before arrival. The process can be lengthy, so it is recommended to apply well in advance. Tourist visas are valid for 30 days and can be extended upon request. It is important to check the latest visa requirements and regulations before planning your trip.

Health and Safety

Due to ongoing conflicts and political instability, Afghanistan has a high level of risk for travelers. It is recommended to check the latest travel advisories from your government before planning a trip. It is also essential to have comprehensive travel insurance that covers medical emergencies and evacuation.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Afghanistan has a conservative culture, and visitors are expected to respect local customs and traditions. It is advised to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites. When interacting with locals, it is polite to greet them with “Salaam Alaikum” (peace be upon you) and avoid discussing sensitive topics such as politics or religion.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Afghanistan is the Afghani (AFN), but US dollars are widely accepted. Credit cards are not widely used, so it is recommended to carry cash for most transactions. ATMs are available in major cities, but it is advisable to withdraw money before traveling to remote areas.

Festive Activities in Afghanistan

Distinctive Experiences

One of the most unique experiences in Afghanistan is attending a buzkashi game, a traditional sport where horsemen compete to grab a goat carcass and bring it to a designated spot. Another must-see event is the Nowruz festival, which marks the beginning of the Persian New Year and is celebrated throughout the country with feasts and traditional rituals.

Connecting to Tradition

Afghanistan’s festivals and events are deeply rooted in the country’s traditions and offer a glimpse into its rich cultural heritage. Attending a traditional Afghan wedding, with its colorful dresses, lively music, and delicious food, is an unforgettable experience. Visitors can also participate in workshops to learn about traditional crafts such as carpet weaving and pottery.

Infrastructure and Transit during Festive Season

Efficiency of Public Transportation

During the festive season, public transportation in Afghanistan may be limited due to increased demand and holiday closures. It is advisable to plan your itinerary in advance and book private transportation or join a guided tour to avoid any inconvenience.

Tips for Efficient Travel

To make the most out of your trip during this bustling period, it is recommended to travel with a local guide who can navigate through the crowds and provide insider knowledge about the best places to visit. It is also advisable to be flexible with your plans and have alternative options in case of any unexpected changes.

Accommodation Options

There are various lodging options available in Afghanistan, ranging from luxury hotels to budget-friendly guesthouses. In major cities like Kabul and Herat, there are international hotel chains, while smaller towns offer more traditional accommodations such as homestays. It is recommended to book in advance, especially during the festive season.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Afghanistan is known for its handicrafts, including carpets, jewelry, and embroidered fabrics. The best places to shop for these items are the local markets and bazaars, such as the famous Chicken Street in Kabul. Visitors can also find unique souvenirs that reflect the country’s culture and traditions, such as hand-painted pottery and traditional clothing.

Technology and Connectivity

While internet access is limited in Afghanistan, major cities have 3G and 4G coverage. It is advisable to purchase a local SIM card upon arrival for data and calls. There are also several useful apps for travelers, such as for navigation and Google Translate for language translation.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Afghanistan’s rugged terrain offers numerous opportunities for eco-friendly travel and outdoor activities. From trekking through the Wakhan Corridor to camping in the mountains of Panjshir Valley, there are plenty of options for nature lovers. It is essential to follow responsible tourism practices to preserve the country’s natural beauty.

Local Festivals and Events

In addition to national festivals, Afghanistan also has smaller local events that take place throughout the year. These include religious celebrations, such as Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, as well as cultural events like the Silk Road Festival in Mazar-i-Sharif. These events offer a unique opportunity to immerse yourself in the local culture.

Practical Advice and Tips

It is recommended to budget for your trip to Afghanistan carefully, taking into account visa fees, transportation costs, and accommodation expenses. It is also essential to be aware of your surroundings at all times and follow safety precautions recommended by your government. It is also advisable to learn a few basic phrases in Dari or Pashto to communicate with the locals.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

Practical Information

To plan your trip to Afghanistan, it is essential to know the schedule for country events, such as festivals and holidays. Tickets for major events can be purchased online or at the venue. It is recommended to visit Afghanistan during spring or autumn when the weather is pleasant, and there are fewer crowds.

Not-to-be-Missed Events and Activities

Some of the must-see events and activities in Afghanistan include the buzkashi game, Nowruz festival, and attending a traditional Afghan wedding. It is also recommended to visit historical sites such as the Kabul Museum and Bamiyan’s Buddhist ruins.

Suitable Attire

The climate in Afghanistan varies from region to region, but it is generally hot and dry during summer and cold and snowy during winter. It is recommended to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites. Women should cover their heads with a scarf, and men should avoid wearing shorts.

Local Customs and Practices

To show respect for local customs and practices, it is essential to follow certain dos and don’ts while visiting Afghanistan. For example, it is considered impolite to refuse an invitation to someone’s home, and it is customary to remove your shoes before entering a house or mosque.

Language Assistance

While Dari and Pashto are the official languages of Afghanistan, English is widely spoken in major cities. However, learning a few basic phrases in Dari or Pashto can help you communicate with the locals and enhance your travel experience.

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergencies, it is essential to have the contact numbers for the local police, ambulance, and fire department. It is also recommended to have the contact information for your embassy or consulate in Afghanistan.

In conclusion, Afghanistan may not be a conventional tourist destination, but it offers a unique and authentic experience for travelers. With its rich history, vibrant culture, and breathtaking landscapes, this country has much to offer for those seeking an off-the-beaten-path adventure. By following this comprehensive guide, you can plan a safe and memorable trip to Afghanistan

Afghanistan: A Country of Rich History and Complex Statistics

Afghanistan, located in South Asia, is a country with a rich history and a diverse population. With a total land area of 652,230 square kilometers, it is the 41st largest country in the world. It shares borders with six countries including Iran, Pakistan, and China. The country is known for its rugged mountainous terrain, which covers about 75% of its land area. Afghanistan is also home to various ethnic groups, languages, and religions, making it a culturally diverse nation.

Population and Demographics

According to the latest data from the World Bank, Afghanistan’s population stands at approximately 38.9 million people. This makes it the 37th most populous country in the world. The majority of the population (around 99%) are Muslims, with the remaining 1% comprising of Hindus, Sikhs, and other religious minorities.

The country’s population is predominantly young, with a median age of 18 years. However, due to years of conflict and instability, Afghanistan has a high infant mortality rate of 47 deaths per 1,000 live births. Life expectancy at birth is also relatively low at just 64 years.

Economy and GDP

Afghanistan’s economy is primarily driven by agriculture, which employs over half of the labor force and contributes to about one-third of the country’s GDP. The main crops grown in Afghanistan include wheat, corn, and rice. The country is also known for its production of fruits such as grapes, pomegranates, and apricots.

In recent years, Afghanistan has made efforts to diversify its economy by investing in sectors such as mining and energy. However, the ongoing conflict and political instability have hindered economic growth. As a result, Afghanistan’s GDP per capita is only $507, making it one of the poorest countries in the world.

Educational System

Afghanistan’s education system has faced significant challenges due to decades of war and conflict. However, in recent years, the government has made efforts to improve access to education for all. According to UNESCO, the country’s literacy rate stands at 43.02%, with a higher percentage of males (57.6%) being literate compared to females (28.2%).

Primary education is free and compulsory for all children in Afghanistan, but access to education is still limited, especially for girls. The country also faces a shortage of qualified teachers and lacks proper infrastructure and resources.

Healthcare System

Afghanistan’s healthcare system has also been greatly affected by years of conflict and instability. The country has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the world, with 638 deaths per 100,000 live births. Access to healthcare is also limited, especially in rural areas.

The government has taken steps to improve healthcare services by building new hospitals and clinics and training more healthcare professionals. However, the ongoing conflict continues to hinder these efforts.

Human Rights and Gender Equality

Afghanistan has made progress in terms of human rights and gender equality in recent years. The country has implemented laws to protect women’s rights and promote gender equality, such as the Elimination of Violence Against Women law.

However, gender-based violence and discrimination against women still remain prevalent in Afghan society. Women also face challenges in accessing education and employment opportunities.


In conclusion, Afghanistan is a country with a complex history and diverse population. Despite facing numerous challenges, the country has made strides in improving its economy, education system, and healthcare services. However, ongoing conflict and political instability continue to hinder its progress. With continued efforts and support from the international community, Afghanistan can overcome these challenges and pave the way for a better future for its people

  • What is the capital of Afghanistan?
    Kabul is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan.
  • What is the population of Afghanistan?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Afghanistan is around 39 million people.
  • What languages are spoken in Afghanistan?
    The official languages of Afghanistan are Pashto and Dari, but other languages such as Uzbek, Turkmen, and Balochi are also spoken.
  • What is the currency used in Afghanistan?
    The currency used in Afghanistan is the Afghan afghani (AFN).
  • What is the climate like in Afghanistan?
    Afghanistan has a mostly dry and arid climate, with hot summers and cold winters.
  • What are some popular dishes in Afghan cuisine?
    Some popular dishes in Afghan cuisine include kabuli pulao (rice dish with meat and vegetables), mantu (dumplings filled with meat and onions), and qabili palau (rice dish with lamb, carrots, and raisins).
  • What is the traditional dress in Afghanistan?
    The traditional dress for men in Afghanistan is a long shirt called a khet partug paired with loose trousers called shalwar. Women typically wear a long dress called a perahan tunban.
  • What are some popular Afghan music genres?
    Some popular music genres in Afghanistan include classical music, folk music, and pop music.
  • What are some famous landmarks in Afghanistan?
    Some famous landmarks in Afghanistan include the Blue Mosque in Mazar-i-Sharif, the Bamiyan Buddhas, and the Kabul Museum.
  • What is the literacy rate in Afghanistan?
    As of 2021, the estimated literacy rate in Afghanistan is around 43%.
  • What are some traditional festivals and celebrations in Afghanistan?
    Some traditional festivals and celebrations in Afghanistan include Eid al-Fitr (end of Ramadan), Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice), and Nawruz (Persian New Year).
  • What is the main religion in Afghanistan?
    The main religion in Afghanistan is Islam, with around 99% of the population being Muslim.
  • What is the official name of Afghanistan?
    The official name of Afghanistan is the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
  • What is the time zone of Afghanistan?
    Afghanistan follows Afghan Standard Time (UTC+04:30).
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Afghanistan?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Afghanistan include carpets, handicrafts, and gemstones.
  • What are some common modes of transportation in Afghanistan?
    Common modes of transportation in Afghanistan include buses, taxis, and private cars. In rural areas, donkeys and horses are also used for transportation.
  • Is it safe to travel to Afghanistan?
    The safety situation in Afghanistan can be volatile and unpredictable. It is recommended to check with your government's travel advisory before planning a trip to Afghanistan.
  • What are some important cultural customs and etiquette in Afghanistan?
    Some important cultural customs and etiquette in Afghanistan include showing respect for elders, avoiding public displays of affection, and removing shoes before entering a home.
  • What is the major export of Afghanistan?
    The major export of Afghanistan is opium, followed by fruits and nuts, and precious stones.
  • What is the main source of income for people in Afghanistan?
    Agriculture is the main source of income for people in Afghanistan, with around 60% of the population being involved in farming.
  • What is the main source of water for irrigation in Afghanistan?
    The main source of water for irrigation in Afghanistan is the Amu Darya and Helmand rivers.
  • What is the national sport of Afghanistan?
    The national sport of Afghanistan is buzkashi, a traditional game played on horseback.
  • What are some common health concerns in Afghanistan?
    Some common health concerns in Afghanistan include malnutrition, lack of access to clean water and sanitation, and infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and malaria.
  • What is the dress code for women in Afghanistan?
    Women in Afghanistan are expected to dress modestly, covering their hair and wearing loose-fitting clothing that covers their arms and legs.
  • What is the legal drinking age in Afghanistan?
    The legal drinking age in Afghanistan is 18 years old.
  • What are some popular tourist destinations in Afghanistan?
    Some popular tourist destinations in Afghanistan include the ancient city of Herat, Band-e Amir National Park, and the Wakhan Corridor.
  • Is it necessary to get a visa before traveling to Afghanistan?
    Yes, most travelers will need to obtain a visa before traveling to Afghanistan. It is recommended to check with your nearest Afghan embassy or consulate for specific requirements.
  • What is the main source of energy in Afghanistan?
    The main source of energy in Afghanistan is imported oil, but efforts are being made to develop renewable energy sources such as hydroelectricity and solar power.
  • What are some common forms of entertainment in Afghanistan?
    Some common forms of entertainment in Afghanistan include watching television, listening to music, and playing sports such as cricket and football.
  • What is the main mode of communication in Afghanistan?
    The main mode of communication in Afghanistan is through mobile phones, with a growing number of people having access to the internet.
  • What is the traditional wedding ceremony like in Afghanistan?
    Traditional Afghan weddings are often large and elaborate, with multiple days of celebrations and feasting. The bride typically wears a red dress and the groom wears a traditional outfit.
  • What is the education system like in Afghanistan?
    The education system in Afghanistan is still recovering from years of conflict, but efforts are being made to improve access to education for all children. Primary education is free and compulsory, but many children do not have access to schools.
  • What are some popular Afghan desserts?
    Some popular Afghan desserts include sheer khurma (vermicelli pudding), firni (rice pudding), and baklava (layered pastry with nuts and honey).
  • What are some important historical events in Afghanistan?
    Some important historical events in Afghanistan include the invasion by Alexander the Great, the rule of Genghis Khan and the Mongols, and the Soviet-Afghan War.
  • What is the average life expectancy in Afghanistan?
    As of 2021, the estimated average life expectancy in Afghanistan is around 64 years.
  • What are some popular activities for tourists in Afghanistan?
    Some popular activities for tourists in Afghanistan include visiting historical sites, hiking and trekking in the mountains, and experiencing local culture through food and music.
  • What are some common modes of payment in Afghanistan?
    Cash is the most commonly used form of payment in Afghanistan, but credit and debit cards are becoming more widely accepted in larger cities.
  • What is the traditional sport of kite flying in Afghanistan?
    Kite flying is a popular traditional sport in Afghanistan, especially during the spring season. The kites are often handmade and decorated with colorful designs.
  • What are some common natural resources found in Afghanistan?
    Some common natural resources found in Afghanistan include natural gas, copper, and iron ore.
  • What is the dress code for men in Afghanistan?
    Men in Afghanistan typically wear traditional outfits such as the khet partug or shalwar kameez, but western-style clothing is also becoming more common.
  • What is the main mode of transportation for long-distance travel in Afghanistan?
    The main mode of transportation for long-distance travel in Afghanistan is by bus or private car. Domestic flights are also available between major cities.
  • What are some important historical figures from Afghanistan?
    Some important historical figures from Afghanistan include Ahmad Shah Durrani (founder of the Durrani Empire), Mirwais Hotak (leader of the Hotak dynasty), and Queen Soraya Tarzi (prominent women's rights activist).
  • What is the current political situation in Afghanistan?
    As of 2021, the political situation in Afghanistan is unstable, with ongoing conflicts and negotiations between the government and various factions.
  • What is the most popular form of art in Afghanistan?
    Calligraphy is considered to be the most popular form of art in Afghanistan, with a long history dating back to the 7th century.

A Closer Look at Afghanistan

Afghanistan Flag


Afghanistan Formation Date

December 20, 2001

Afghanistan Capital Name


Afghanistan Neighbours

  1. China China
  2. India India
  3. Pakistan Pakistan
  4. Tajikistan Tajikistan
  5. Turkmenistan Turkmenistan
  6. Uzbekistan Uzbekistan
  7. Iran Iran

Exploring Afghanistan

Afghanistan: A Land of Contrasts and Resilience

Located in Central Asia, Afghanistan is a country steeped in history and culture. It is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north, and China to the northeast. The country has a rich and complex past, with influences from various civilizations and empires. The name "Afghanistan" is derived from the Persian word "afghana," which means "land of the Afghans." As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I invite you to explore this fascinating country with me.

Key Takeaways

- Afghanistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, with a diverse landscape and rich cultural heritage. - The country has faced many challenges throughout its history, including invasions, wars, and political instability. - Despite these challenges, Afghanistan's people are resilient and have a strong sense of pride in their culture and traditions. - Tourism is slowly emerging as a potential industry in Afghanistan, offering visitors a unique experience.


Afghanistan's geography is characterized by a diverse landscape of mountains, valleys, deserts, and plains. The Hindu Kush mountain range dominates the country's central and northern regions, with peaks reaching over 7,000 meters. The Amu Darya and Hari rivers flow through the northern part of the country, providing water for irrigation and hydroelectric power. The country also has vast mineral resources, including natural gas, coal, copper, iron ore, and precious stones. The climate in Afghanistan varies depending on the region. The northern parts have a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. In contrast, the southern regions have a semi-arid climate with hot summers and mild winters. The country experiences frequent droughts due to its limited water resources, making agriculture a challenging industry.

Origin and History

Afghanistan's history dates back to ancient civilizations, with evidence of human habitation dating back to the Paleolithic era. The country has been part of various empires and kingdoms, including the Persian Empire, the Mauryan Empire, and the Kushan Empire. In the 19th century, Afghanistan became a battleground for the British and Russian empires, leading to the country's independence in 1919. In recent history, Afghanistan has faced numerous challenges, including invasions by the Soviet Union in the 1980s and the US-led coalition in 2001. These events have had a significant impact on the country's political and social landscape, leading to ongoing conflicts and instability.

Government and Politics

Afghanistan is a presidential republic with a democratic government. The country is divided into 34 provinces, each with its own governor appointed by the central government. The president is both the head of state and government, with a term limit of five years. The current president is Ashraf Ghani, who was elected in 2014. Afghanistan's foreign relations have been shaped by its location between South Asia, Central Asia, and the Middle East. The country has maintained close ties with neighboring countries such as Pakistan, Iran, and India. It is also a member of various international organizations, including the United Nations and the World Bank.

Commerce and Economy

Afghanistan's economy is primarily driven by agriculture, with over 80% of the population engaged in this sector. The country produces a variety of crops, including wheat, corn, rice, fruits, and vegetables. It also has significant natural resources such as natural gas, coal, copper, iron ore, and precious stones. In recent years, efforts have been made to diversify the economy and promote other industries such as mining, manufacturing, and services. The country has also established trade relations with neighboring countries and partners such as China, India, and the European Union.


Afghanistan has a population of over 38 million people, with a majority living in rural areas. The country's population is ethnically diverse, with Pashtuns and Tajiks being the largest ethnic groups. Other significant ethnic groups include Hazaras, Uzbeks, and Aimaks. The official languages are Pashto and Dari, but there are over 70 regional languages spoken in the country. The median age in Afghanistan is 18 years, making it one of the youngest countries globally. However, the country also has a high infant mortality rate and low life expectancy due to inadequate healthcare infrastructure and ongoing conflicts.


Afghanistan's culture is a blend of various influences, including Persian, Indian, Greek, and Central Asian traditions. The country has a rich artistic heritage, with traditional crafts such as pottery, carpets, and embroidery being highly valued. Music is an essential part of Afghan culture, with traditional instruments such as the rubab and tabla being widely used. The people of Afghanistan also celebrate various festivals and holidays throughout the year, including Nowruz (Persian New Year), Eid al-Fitr (end of Ramadan), and Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice). These celebrations often involve family gatherings, feasting, and traditional dances.

Languages and Religion

As mentioned earlier, Pashto and Dari are the official languages of Afghanistan. However, there are also regional dialects spoken in different parts of the country. The dominant religion is Islam, with over 99% of the population being Muslim. The two main branches of Islam practiced in Afghanistan are Sunni and Shia. Religion plays a significant role in Afghan society, influencing many aspects of daily life, including social customs, laws, and traditions. The country also has a small minority of Hindus, Sikhs, and Christians.

Education and Healthcare Systems

Afghanistan's education system has made significant progress in recent years, with the government making efforts to improve access to education for all citizens. However, the country still faces challenges such as low literacy rates and inadequate infrastructure. According to UNESCO, the adult literacy rate in Afghanistan is 43%, with a significant gender gap. The healthcare system in Afghanistan is also underdeveloped, with limited resources and inadequate facilities. However, the government has implemented various initiatives to improve public health, such as vaccination programs and training for healthcare workers.

Sports and Recreation

Sports are an essential part of Afghan culture, with football (soccer) being the most popular sport. The country also has a national cricket team that has gained recognition on the international stage. Other popular sports include volleyball, basketball, and martial arts. In terms of recreation, hiking and trekking are popular activities in Afghanistan due to its diverse landscape. The country also has several national parks and wildlife reserves, offering opportunities for nature lovers.


Afghanistan is slowly emerging as a potential destination for adventurous travelers. The country offers visitors a unique experience with its rich cultural heritage, stunning landscapes, and warm hospitality. Some popular tourist attractions include the ancient city of Herat, the Bamiyan Valley with its famous Buddha statues, and the Panjshir Valley known for its natural beauty. However, due to ongoing conflicts and security concerns, tourism in Afghanistan is still limited. The infrastructure is also underdeveloped, making it challenging to travel around the country. It is advisable to seek guidance from a reputable tour company when planning a trip to Afghanistan.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

- Visa requirements: Most visitors will require a visa to enter Afghanistan. It is best to obtain a visa before arrival at an Afghan embassy or consulate. - Health and safety: The security situation in Afghanistan is unstable, and there is a high risk of terrorist attacks. It is advisable to check the latest travel advisories before planning a trip. It is also recommended to have comprehensive travel insurance. - Local customs and etiquette: As a predominantly Muslim country, it is essential to respect local customs and dress modestly. It is also customary to remove shoes before entering homes and religious sites. - Currency and payment methods: The official currency in Afghanistan is the Afghani (AFN). Credit cards are not widely accepted, so it is advisable to carry cash in US dollars or Euros. ATMs are available in major cities. - Sources:,, - Examples: The average cost of a meal in a mid-range restaurant in Kabul is around $10, while a one-way ticket on public transportation costs less than $0.50. - Places: Some popular places to visit include the Blue Mosque in Mazar-i-Sharif, the National Museum of Afghanistan in Kabul, and the Band-e-Amir National Park. - Prices: Accommodation prices vary depending on the type of accommodation, but budget options can be found for as low as $20 per night.


- "Afghanistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, with a tumultuous past and a resilient people." - Unknown - "Afghanistan's beauty lies in its people's strength and determination." - Unknown - "In Afghanistan, you don't understand yourself solely as an individual. You understand yourself as a son, a brother, a cousin to somebody, an uncle to somebody." - Khaled Hosseini


In conclusion, Afghanistan is a country of contrasts, with a complex history and a diverse culture. Despite facing numerous challenges, the people of Afghanistan are resilient and proud of their heritage. While tourism in the country is still limited, it offers visitors a unique experience that cannot be found elsewhere. With ongoing efforts to improve infrastructure and promote peace and stability, Afghanistan's future holds promise for both its people and visitors.

Afghanistan Highest Point Name

The highest point in Afghanistan is Noshaq, which has an elevation of 7,492 metres (24,580 ft) above sea level. It is located in the Hindukush mountain range, near the border with Pakistan.

Afghanistan Capital Longitude

Kabul, Afghanistan is the capital of Afghanistan and its longitude is 69.17° E

Afghanistan Capital Latitude

Kabul. The capital of Afghanistan is located at 34.5166667N.

Afghanistan Official Languages

The official language of Afghanistan is Dari (Persian). The official language of the Afghan government is Pashto, spoken by the majority of Afghans. Other widely spoken languages include Uzbek, Turkmen, Balochi, and Pashai. English is also considered an official language of the country.

Afghanistan Ethnic Groups

The population of Afghanistan is primarily composed of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, Uzbeks, Aimaqs and Turkmen. Significant minorities include Aimak, Baloch, Brahui, Pashayi, Nuristani, Qizilbash and others. Afghan religion is predominantly Islam, with approximately 99% of the population belonging to the Sunni Hanafi School of thought. Other religions practiced in Afghanistan include Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Sikhism.

Afghanistan Religions

The predominant religion in Afghanistan is Islam which is practiced by 99% of the population. Following Islam, the other main religions practiced by the Afghan population are Sikhism, Hinduism, Christianity, and Bahá'í Faith. The remaining 1% of the population practices other religious beliefs including traditional customs, Zoroastrianism, and Buddhism. These various religious beliefs are generally respected throughout the majority of the country. However, due to many years of war and the severe oppressive treatment of the Taliban, some religious groups, like Christians and Sikhs, have experienced persecution and have nearly disappeared from the country. Despite this, Afghanistan remains a country of religious diversity and tolerance with government laws that respect freedom of religion.

Afghanistan Total Area

649,900 km2

Afghanistan Land Area

The total area of Afghanistan is approximately 652,230 square kilometers (251,830 square miles), making it the 41st largest country by land area.

Afghanistan Water Area

The total water area of Afghanistan is estimated to be about 11,123 square kilometers. However, this figure is likely to be much lower, due to a lack of reliable statistics and water resources management in the country.

Afghanistan Total Population

According to the United Nations World Population Prospects (2020), Afghanistan's total population is 37,244,410.

Afghanistan Currency Name

Afghan Afghani (AFN)

Afghanistan Currency Code


Afghanistan Currency Symbol


Afghanistan Time Zones

  • Standard Time: UTC+04:30
  • Daylight Saving Time: UTC+05:30

Afghanistan is in the +4:30 UTC+04:30 time zone, which is one of the latest of any inhabited countries in the world. On March 27 each year Afghanistan observes a daylight savings adjustment and shifts the clocks forward one hour to +5.30 UTC+05:30. This adjustment is known locally as the Afghan Daylight Time (ADT) and is observed each year until the last Friday in September when the clocks return back to their standard time of +4:30 UTC+04:30.

Afghanistan Calling Code


Afghanistan Internet TLD

How to Say "Afghanistan" In Different Languages?

Afeganistão (pt-BR)
Afeganistão (pt-BR)
阿富汗 (zh-CN)
Afghanistan (da-DK)
Afganistan (fi-FI)
Afghanistan (fr-FR)
Afghanistan (de-DE)
Afganisztán (hu-HU)
अफ़गानिस्तान (h-IN)
אפגניסטן (he-IL)
Afghanistan (it-IT)
アフガニスタン (ja-JP)
아프가니스탄 (ko-KO)
Afghanistan (nl-NL)
Afganistan (ro-RO)
Афганистан (ru-RU)
Afganistán (es-ES)
Afghanistan (sv-SE)
أفغانستان (ar-SY)
Afghanistan (en-US)

Afghanistan Popular Holidays

Solidarity Against Terrorism Day
200 May (20 May)
6 January
Rashidan-e-Millat-e-Afghanistan Day
30 January
National Art Day
4 February
Education Day
7 February
Victory of Soviet Forces in Afghanistan
16 February
Unemployment Day
21 February
Valley Liberation Day
24 February
Martyr's Day
3 March
International Women's Day
8 March
Tajwalabad Day
17 March
Afghan New Year
19 March
20 March
World TB Day
24 March
Afghan Women Rights Day
3 April
Open University Day
25 April
Afghan Professional Associations Day
27 April
Workers' Day
1 May
Labour Day
1 May
Wembley Stadium Memorial Day
16 May
Memorial of the Prophet's Migration to Medina
7 June
Juneau Day
9 June
Gardesh Ayatullah Khomeini
20 June
World Refugee Day
20 June
Universal Childrens' Day
20 June
International Reforging Afghanistan Day
1 July
Public Peace and Solidarity Day
7 July
Kabul Unity Day
22 July
Afghan Presidential Election Day
6 August
Ministers' Day
11 August
Afghanistan Flag Day
15 August
Independence Day
19 August
Hindu New Year
21 August
Kunduz Liberation Day
23 August
International Civil Service Day
9 September
Nahraine-e-Millat-e-Afghanistan Day
13 September
Resurrection Day
17 September
General Muhammad Musa Shafiq Day
20 September
International Day of Peace
21 September
Environment Day
22 September
Religious Freedom Day
28 September
Buddha's Birthday
8 October
World Food Day
16 October
Afghan Women's Year
19 October
Afghan National Anthem Day
23 October
Village Doctors Day
25 October
International Human Rights Day
30 October
Saviour Day
11 November
Prophet Muhammad's Birthday
12 November
Journalists Day
15 November
International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People
29 November
International Day of Persons with Disabilities
3 December
Spinzar Cotton Day
10 December
Ashoura Day
10 December
Foreign Relations Day
10 December
Victory of Islamic Revolution
27 December

We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Afghanistan

National and Public Holidays in Afghanistan next days/week/month/year

The Martyrdom of Imam Reza

The Martyrdom of Imam Reza is a national holiday in Iran held annually to commemorate the martyrdom of the eighth Imam of Twelver Shi'a Islam, Imam Reza. It is observed by Shi'a Muslims as a day of mourning and worship. The holiday includes gatherings at mosques and homes for prayer recitations, fiery sermons, and a eulogy of Imam Reza, followed by emotional mourning rituals.

Day of Arafat in Afghanistan

As the sun rises over the rugged mountains of Afghanistan, the Day of Arafat begins. This observance is a time for reflection and spiritual rejuvenation for Muslims in this war-torn country. Amidst the chaos, this national holiday serves as a reminder of the enduring faith and resilience of the Afghan people.

Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha is an Islamic holiday that honors the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim to follow God's command to sacrifice his son. It is celebrated by Muslims around the world and is seen as a time for families and friends to gather to share in the joy of the holiday. Traditionally, Muslims gather for prayer at mosques and community centers during the four-day celebration, and animals are slaughtered and shared among family, friends, and those in need. Gifts are also exchanged and hot meals prepared and served. Other activities may include recreational activities like music, dancing, and games.

Eidul Adha

Eidul Adha is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide. It marks the end of the Hajj pilgrimage and honors Abraham’s willingness to obey God by sacrificing his son Ishmael. During the three-day holiday, Muslims attend special communal prayers, share meals, give gifts, and remember the importance of faith and sacrifice. Some Muslims may also sacrifice an animal as a representation of Abraham’s faith. The holiday also serves as an opportunity to strengthen family and social ties, build goodwill and compassion among Muslim communities, give to the poor, and reduce stress and hardship. Eidul Adha is a celebration of submission to God — and a reminder of the importance of faith in one’s life.


Asura holiday is an annual Shi'a Muslim event commemorating the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali in the Battle of Karbala. It is marked by mourning and remembrance of Husayn's suffering.

Independence Day in Afghanistan

Independence Day is celebrated on August 19 in Afghanistan. It is the day where Afghans celebrate their nation’s independence from the British and gain access to self-rule. This is a major national holiday for Afghanistan, where the red, green, and black flags of Afghanistan can be seen flying in major public areas throughout the country. During the festivities, traditional Afghan folk music, dancing, and cultural activities such as poetry-reading occur. Additionally, a parade is led through the city to celebrate the day.


Muharram is the first month of the Islamic lunar calendar and marks a time of remembrance for Muslims. It begins with a holiday that includes prayer ceremonies, mourning and remembrances of martyrdom. It's an important event for the Islamic community.

International Literacy Day

International Literacy Day is an international observance held annually on September 8 to emphasize the importance of literacy as a matter of dignity and human rights, and to advance literacy in all its forms across the world. It was proclaimed by UNESCO in 1965 as a way to bring attention to the important role literacy plays in communities around the world.

Martyrs and Ahmad Shah Masoud Day in Afghanistan

Celebrating Afghan pride and resilience, Martyrs and Ahmad Shah Masoud Day is a somber yet meaningful observance in honor of those who sacrificed their lives for their country. Immerse yourself in the rich culture and history of Afghanistan on this national holiday. #Afghanistan #MartyrsDay #AhmadShahMasoudDay

The Prophet’s Birthday in Afghanistan

The Prophet’s Birthday, Afghanistan, is one of the most important religious holidays in the Islamic faith. Every year, Afghans come together in unity to celebrate the Prophet Muhammad’s birth, and pay tribute to his teachings. As one of the holiest of holidays, the observance typically begins one to two days before the actual birthday event, with celebrations of light, music, prayer, lectures, and sweets.

Upcoming Festivals in Afghanistan

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days


Eid al-Fitr is a Muslim holiday celebrated to mark the end of the holy month of Ramadan, which is a month of fasting and spiritual reflection. It is an occasion of joy for Muslims around the world. It is celebrated by the exchange of gifts, feasting on traditional dishes, and attending prayer services. Muslims often dress in their finest clothing and share special visits with family and friends. Eid al-Fitr marks a time of celebration, joy, and thanksgiving for Muslims who have spent the month of Ramadan fasting and praying.

World News | Taliban Embassy in Qatar Raises Concerns over Afghan Refugees’ Forced Deportation by Pakistan | LatestLY

World News | Taliban Embassy in Qatar Raises Concerns over Afghan Refugees’ Forced Deportation by Pakistan | LatestLY

Kabul [Afghanistan], November 11 (ANI): The Taliban’s Embassy in Qatar has issued a memorandum expressing apprehensions to diplomatic and international organisations regarding the unilateral and forced deportation of Afghan refugees from Pakistan, Khaama Press reported. On November 5th, the Taliban’s Embassy in Qatar transmitted a memo to all diplomatic missions and embassies, highlighting Pakistan’s mistreatment and forced expulsion of Afghan refugees. Khaama Press obtained a copy of this memo through anonymous sources. Also Read | Israel-Hamas War: Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi Arrives in Saudi Arabia To Attend OIC Summit. The memo from the Taliban’s Embassy in Doha criticised Pakistan’s inadequate handling of Afghan refugees during their forced deportation, stating, “The embassy of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in Doha presents…

Source: LatestLY
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