Iraq is a Middle East country located in Western Asia. It is bordered by Jordan, Turkey, Syria, Iran, and Kuwait and has a tropical climate with mostly desert terrain. Iraq is the birthplace of many of the world’s earliest civilizations and centers of culture, and is home to the ancient city of Babylon. The government of Iraq is a federal parliamentary republic, and the current president is Barham Salih.

Tourism in Iraq: A Comprehensive Guide for Travelers

Iraq may not be the first destination that comes to mind when planning a vacation, but this Middle Eastern country has a lot to offer for tourists. With its rich history, vibrant culture, and stunning landscapes, Iraq is a hidden gem waiting to be explored. And what better time to visit than during the festive season? In this guide, we will take you through everything you need to know about tourism in Iraq, from popular attractions to local customs and practical tips.

The Festive Spirit of Iraq

The festive season in Iraq is a time of joy, celebration, and togetherness. The streets are adorned with colorful lights and decorations, and the air is filled with the aroma of traditional Iraqi dishes. This is the perfect time to immerse yourself in the local culture and experience the warmth and hospitality of the Iraqi people.

Unique Tourist Attractions

Iraq is home to many unique tourist attractions that are particularly popular during the festive season. One of the most famous is the ancient city of Babylon, which dates back to 2300 BC. Visitors can explore the ruins of this once-great city and learn about its fascinating history.

Another must-visit destination is the holy city of Najaf, which is considered one of the holiest cities for Shia Muslims. The city is home to the Imam Ali Mosque, one of the most significant pilgrimage sites in Iraq.

Other popular attractions include the ancient city of Ur, the Ziggurat of Ur, and the Kurdish region in northern Iraq, which offers breathtaking mountain views and outdoor activities.

General Overview

Iraq has a diverse range of tourist attractions that cater to all interests. History buffs can explore ancient ruins and archaeological sites, while nature lovers can indulge in outdoor adventures. The country also has a vibrant art and music scene, with many festivals and events taking place throughout the year.

Important Places

In addition to the popular attractions mentioned above, there are many other key tourist destinations in Iraq. These include the capital city of Baghdad, with its bustling markets and historical sites, and the city of Erbil, known for its ancient citadel and vibrant bazaars.


There are plenty of activities for tourists to enjoy in Iraq, from cultural experiences to outdoor adventures. Visitors can take part in traditional cooking classes, attend local festivals and events, or go on a desert safari. For those seeking adventure, hiking in the mountains or camping under the stars are popular options.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Iraq has a well-developed infrastructure and transportation system, making it easy for tourists to get around. The country has an extensive network of buses, taxis, and trains that connect major cities. However, during the festive season, it is advisable to plan your travels in advance as there may be a surge in demand for transportation services.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

All foreign visitors to Iraq are required to obtain a visa before entering the country. The visa application process can be done online or at an Iraqi embassy or consulate. It is essential to check the latest visa requirements and restrictions before planning your trip.

Health and Safety

Before traveling to Iraq, it is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional about any necessary vaccinations or precautions. It is also recommended to purchase travel insurance that covers medical emergencies.

In terms of safety, it is essential to stay updated on the current political situation in Iraq and avoid areas with high levels of conflict. It is also advisable to dress modestly and respect local customs and traditions.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Iraq has a rich culture and heritage, and it is important to respect local customs and etiquette while visiting. It is customary to greet people with a handshake and use your right hand for eating and shaking hands. Public displays of affection are not acceptable, and it is essential to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Iraq is the Iraqi Dinar (IQD). It is recommended to exchange currency at official exchange offices or banks, as exchanging money on the street is illegal. Credit cards are accepted in major cities, but it is always advisable to carry cash for smaller purchases.

Festive Activities

The festive season in Iraq is a time for celebration, and there are many unique activities for tourists to indulge in. One of the most popular is attending the Ashura festival, which commemorates the martyrdom of Imam Hussein. Visitors can witness processions, street performances, and traditional rituals during this time.

Another popular activity is shopping at the local markets, where you can find traditional handicrafts, spices, and souvenirs. And of course, no festive season in Iraq is complete without indulging in delicious traditional dishes such as kebabs, biryani, and dolma.

Infrastructure & Transit

Efficiency of Public Transportation

Iraq has an efficient public transportation system that connects major cities. Buses are the most common mode of transportation, with both government-run and private companies operating routes across the country. Taxis are also readily available in urban areas.

Tips for Efficient Travel

During the festive season, it is advisable to plan your travels in advance and book tickets for buses or trains ahead of time. It is also recommended to allow extra time for travel due to potential traffic and crowds.

Accommodation Options

Iraq offers a variety of accommodation options for tourists, from luxury hotels to budget-friendly guesthouses. The major cities have a range of international hotel chains, while smaller towns and villages offer more traditional lodging options such as guesthouses or homestays.

Advantages of Different Accommodations

Luxury hotels offer amenities such as spas, pools, and fine dining options, making them perfect for a relaxing vacation. Guesthouses and homestays provide a more authentic experience, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the local culture and interact with locals.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Key Shopping Districts and Markets

The markets in Iraq are a shopper’s paradise, with a wide range of goods available at affordable prices. In Baghdad, the Shorja market is the largest and most popular, selling everything from clothes to spices. In Erbil, the bazaars in the old city are known for their handicrafts and souvenirs.

Finding Unique Souvenirs

For unique souvenirs that embody the country’s culture, head to the local markets and look for items such as handwoven carpets, traditional pottery, or silver jewelry. It is also recommended to support local artisans by purchasing their handmade goods.

Technology and Connectivity

Staying Connected

Iraq has a good network of mobile and internet services, with major cities having 4G coverage. However, it is advisable to purchase a local SIM card for better connectivity and affordable rates.

Recommended Apps

For navigation, Google Maps is widely used in Iraq. Other useful apps include Google Translate for language translation and booking apps for events or activities.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Iraq has a wealth of natural beauty, making it an ideal destination for eco-tourism and outdoor adventures. Visitors can go hiking in the mountains, explore the marshlands in the south, or camp in the desert. It is essential to practice responsible tourism and leave no trace to preserve the environment.

Local Festivals and Events

In addition to the major festivals and events, there are also smaller local festivals and events that take place throughout the year in Iraq. These include religious celebrations, cultural festivals, and music concerts. It is worth checking the local calendar to see if any events coincide with your visit.

Practical Advice and Tips

Budgeting for the Trip

Iraq is an affordable destination for travelers, with accommodation, food, and transportation costs being relatively low. It is recommended to have a mix of cash and credit cards for payments and to keep emergency funds on hand.

Safety Tips

As with any destination, it is essential to take precautions while traveling in Iraq. It is advisable to avoid large crowds and demonstrations, dress modestly, and be aware of your surroundings at all times.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

For a successful trip to Iraq during the festive season, it is essential to plan ahead and have all the necessary information at hand. Here are some practical tips to help you make the most of your visit:

Country Events Schedule

The festive season in Iraq usually begins in late November and continues until early January. During this time, there are many events and celebrations taking place throughout the country. It is recommended to check the local calendar for specific dates and locations.

Ticket Acquisition

For popular events or attractions, it is advisable to purchase tickets in advance to avoid disappointment. Some events may also require reservations, so it is essential to plan accordingly.

Venue Locations

Most events and attractions have designated venues, which can be easily accessed by public transportation or taxis. It is recommended to have the address and directions handy when traveling to these locations.

Optimal Time to Visit

The festive season is a great time to visit Iraq, as the weather is pleasant, and there are many cultural events and celebrations taking place. However, it is essential to avoid peak travel times, such as major holidays, to avoid large crowds.

Suitable Attire

Iraq is a conservative country, and it is essential to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites or attending festivals. Loose-fitting clothing that covers the shoulders and knees is recommended.

Local Customs and Practices

To show respect for the local culture and customs, it is advisable to learn some basic Arabic phrases and familiarize yourself with local customs before your trip. It is also important to be mindful of cultural sensitivities and avoid behavior that may be considered offensive.

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergencies during your trip, it is essential to have the contact numbers for local authorities and emergency services on hand. It is also recommended to register with your embassy or consulate before traveling to Iraq.

In conclusion, Iraq has a lot to offer for tourists, especially during the festive season. With its unique attractions, vibrant culture, and warm hospitality, this country is a must-visit for any traveler seeking an authentic experience. By following this comprehensive guide, you can ensure a safe and enjoyable trip to Iraq that will leave you with unforgettable memories

Iraq: A Country of Rich History and Complex Statistics

Iraq, officially known as the Republic of Iraq, is a country located in Western Asia. It is bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest, and Syria to the west. With a population of over 40 million people, Iraq is the 36th most populous country in the world. In this article, we will delve into the statistics and data that define this diverse and complex nation.

Population and Demographics

According to the latest estimates from the World Bank, Iraq’s population is 40.22 million as of 2021. The country has a relatively young population, with a median age of 20 years. The majority of the population (over 75%) is under the age of 35. This is due to the high birth rate in Iraq, which is currently at 3.4 births per woman.

The ethnic makeup of Iraq is diverse, with Arabs making up around 75-80% of the population and Kurds accounting for 15-20%. Other ethnic groups include Turkmen, Assyrians, and Yazidis. The official language of Iraq is Arabic, but Kurdish is also recognized as an official language in areas where it is spoken by a majority.

Economy and GDP

Iraq’s economy is largely dependent on its vast oil reserves, which are estimated to be the fifth-largest in the world. According to data from the World Bank, Iraq’s GDP was $226 billion in 2020, with a growth rate of -10.9%. This decline can be attributed to the COVID-19 pandemic and the drop in global oil prices.

The country’s main industries include oil production, agriculture, and manufacturing. However, due to political instability and conflict, Iraq’s economy has faced challenges in recent years. The unemployment rate in Iraq is currently at 10%, with youth unemployment being significantly higher at 16%.

Education and Literacy

Iraq has made significant progress in improving its education system in recent years. According to the United Nations, the literacy rate in Iraq is 84.1%, with a higher percentage of males (89.2%) being literate compared to females (78.9%). Primary education is free and compulsory for children aged 6-12, but attendance rates have been affected by the ongoing conflicts in the country.

Iraq also has several universities and institutes of higher education, with the University of Baghdad being the largest and oldest university in the country. However, due to limited resources and ongoing conflicts, higher education in Iraq faces many challenges.

Healthcare and Life Expectancy

Iraq’s healthcare system has been greatly affected by years of conflict and political instability. According to the World Health Organization, Iraq has a total of 15.9 physicians per 10,000 people, which is significantly lower than the global average of 15.6. The infant mortality rate in Iraq is also high at 31 deaths per 1,000 live births.

The life expectancy in Iraq is currently at 70 years, with women having a slightly higher life expectancy than men. This can be attributed to cultural norms that place a greater emphasis on women’s health and well-being.

Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)

Iraq has been plagued by conflicts for decades, resulting in millions of people being displaced from their homes. As of December 2020, there were over 1.4 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Iraq and over 300,000 refugees from neighboring countries seeking shelter in Iraq.

The displacement crisis has put a strain on the country’s resources and infrastructure, with many IDPs living in overcrowded and inadequate conditions. The Iraqi government, with the help of international organizations, is working towards finding solutions for these vulnerable populations.


In conclusion, Iraq is a country with a rich history and a complex present. Its diverse population, vast oil reserves, and ongoing conflicts have shaped its statistics and data. While the country faces many challenges, there is hope for a better future as efforts are being made to improve the lives of its people. As Iraq continues to rebuild and develop, it is important to acknowledge and understand the statistics that define this nation

  • Where is Iraq located?
    Iraq is located in the Middle East, bordered by Turkey, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and Syria.
  • What is the capital of Iraq?
    The capital of Iraq is Baghdad.
  • What is the official language of Iraq?
    The official language of Iraq is Arabic.
  • What is the currency used in Iraq?
    The currency used in Iraq is the Iraqi Dinar (IQD).
  • What is the population of Iraq?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Iraq is around 40 million people.
  • What are the major religions in Iraq?
    The majority of the population in Iraq follows Islam, with a significant minority practicing Christianity and other religions.
  • What is the climate like in Iraq?
    Iraq has a mostly arid climate with hot summers and mild winters. The northern regions experience more temperate weather with some mountainous areas receiving snowfall.
  • What are some popular dishes in Iraqi cuisine?
    Some popular dishes in Iraqi cuisine include kebabs, kubba (stuffed meatballs), dolma (stuffed vegetables), and biryani (spiced rice dish).
  • Is alcohol allowed in Iraq?
    Alcohol consumption is not prohibited in Iraq, but it is not widely available due to cultural and religious reasons.
  • What are some traditional music and songs in Iraq?
    Traditional Iraqi music includes maqam (a classical music style), chalghi (folk music), and mirwas (drumming). Some popular songs include "Zorouni" by Kazem Al Saher and "Baghdad" by Ilham Al Madfai.
  • What are some popular tourist destinations in Iraq?
    Some popular tourist destinations in Iraq include the ancient city of Babylon, the historic city of Mosul, the holy city of Najaf, and the Kurdistan Region.
  • Is it safe to travel to Iraq?
    The safety of traveling to Iraq depends on the current political and security situation. It is recommended to check for travel advisories before planning a trip.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Iraq?
    Most visitors to Iraq will need a visa. It is best to check with the nearest Iraqi embassy or consulate for specific visa requirements.
  • What is the best time of year to visit Iraq?
    The best time to visit Iraq is during the spring (March-May) or fall (September-November) when the weather is mild and comfortable for outdoor activities.
  • What are some important cultural customs in Iraq?
    Some important cultural customs in Iraq include showing respect for elders, avoiding public displays of affection, and removing shoes before entering someone's home.
  • What is the dress code in Iraq?
    Iraq has a conservative dress code, especially for women. It is best to dress modestly and avoid wearing revealing clothing.
  • What is the official tourism website for Iraq?
    The official tourism website for Iraq is
  • What are some traditional crafts and arts in Iraq?
    Some traditional crafts and arts in Iraq include carpet weaving, pottery making, calligraphy, and miniature painting.
  • What is the transportation system like in Iraq?
    The transportation system in Iraq includes buses, taxis, and private cars. There are also domestic flights available for travel between major cities.
  • What is the voltage and plug type used in Iraq?
    The voltage used in Iraq is 230V and the plug type is Type C or Type D.
  • What are some important historical sites in Iraq?
    Some important historical sites in Iraq include the ancient city of Ur, the ruins of Nineveh, and the Citadel of Erbil.
  • What are some common gestures in Iraq?
    Common gestures in Iraq include shaking hands when greeting someone, using the right hand for eating and giving/receiving items, and avoiding pointing with the index finger.
  • What is the time zone of Iraq?
    Iraq follows Eastern European Time (EET), which is UTC+3.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Iraq?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Iraq include handcrafted items such as carpets, pottery, and jewelry, as well as traditional spices and sweets.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting religious sites in Iraq?
    Yes, visitors are expected to dress modestly when visiting religious sites in Iraq. This includes covering the head, arms, and legs.
  • Are there any cultural festivals or events in Iraq?
    Yes, some cultural festivals and events in Iraq include Eid al-Fitr (end of Ramadan), Ashura (mourning of Imam Hussein), and Newroz (Kurdish New Year).
  • What is the emergency number in Iraq?
    The emergency number in Iraq is 112.
  • What are some important historical figures from Iraq?
    Some important historical figures from Iraq include King Hammurabi, Queen Zenobia, and poet Al-Mutanabbi.
  • What are some common modes of communication in Iraq?
    Some common modes of communication in Iraq include face-to-face conversations, phone calls, and messaging apps like WhatsApp.
  • Are there any traditional sports in Iraq?
    Yes, some traditional sports in Iraq include football (soccer), taekwondo, and wrestling.
  • What are some common forms of entertainment in Iraq?
    Some common forms of entertainment in Iraq include watching TV, going to the movies, and attending live music performances.
  • What is the internet access like in Iraq?
    Internet access is available in major cities in Iraq, but it may be limited or unreliable in more rural areas.
  • Is tipping expected in Iraq?
    Tipping is not expected in Iraq, but it is appreciated for exceptional service.
  • What are some popular Iraqi desserts?
    Some popular Iraqi desserts include baklava (sweet pastry), halwa (semolina pudding), and qatayef (stuffed pancakes).
  • What is the legal drinking age in Iraq?
    The legal drinking age in Iraq is 18 years old.
  • Are there any restrictions on photography in Iraq?
    Yes, it is best to ask for permission before taking photos of people or religious sites in Iraq. Some areas may also have restrictions on photography for security reasons.
  • What are some traditional wedding customs in Iraq?
    Some traditional wedding customs in Iraq include a henna party for the bride, a procession to the groom's house, and a big feast with dancing and music.
  • Is there a dress code for women in Iraq?
    Yes, women are expected to dress modestly in public in Iraq. This includes covering the head, arms, and legs.
  • What are some popular drinks in Iraq?
    Some popular drinks in Iraq include tea (chai), coffee (qahwa), and sherbet (fruit juice).
  • What are some common forms of transportation within cities in Iraq?
    Some common forms of transportation within cities in Iraq include buses, taxis, and shared taxis (called service).
  • What is the literacy rate in Iraq?
    As of 2021, the literacy rate in Iraq is estimated to be around 79%.
  • Are there any safety precautions to take when traveling to Iraq?
    Yes, it is recommended to avoid traveling to areas with high levels of political or sectarian violence. It is also advised to register with your embassy or consulate and follow their safety guidelines.
  • What are some popular Iraqi proverbs?
    Some popular Iraqi proverbs include: 'The enemy of my enemy is my friend' and 'A good beginning makes a good ending'.
  • What are some traditional dance styles in Iraq?
    Some traditional dance styles in Iraq include chobi (line dance), khigga (circle dance), and dabke (stomping dance).
  • Is there a national dish of Iraq?
    There is no official national dish of Iraq, but some popular dishes that are considered national favorites include masgouf (grilled fish) and kubbah (stuffed meatballs).
  • What are some popular soups in Iraq?
    Some popular soups in Iraq include shorba adas (lentil soup), shorba rumman (pomegranate soup), and shorba hamra (tomato soup).
  • Are there any restrictions on bringing medication into Iraq?
    Yes, it is best to check with the nearest Iraqi embassy or consulate for any restrictions on bringing medication into the country.
  • What is the main mode of transportation for long-distance travel in Iraq?
    The main mode of transportation for long-distance travel in Iraq is by bus or domestic flight.
  • What are some traditional wedding gifts in Iraq?
    Some traditional wedding gifts in Iraq include gold jewelry, cash, and household items like furniture or appliances.
  • What are some popular sports teams in Iraq?
    Some popular sports teams in Iraq include the national football team and the Erbil FC football club.
  • Is there a dress code for men in Iraq?
    Men are expected to dress modestly in public in Iraq. This includes avoiding shorts and sleeveless shirts.
  • What are some common forms of greeting in Iraq?
    Some common forms of greeting in Iraq include shaking hands, kissing on the cheeks, and saying 'salam' (peace).
  • What are some important historical events in Iraq?
    Some important historical events in Iraq include the rise and fall of ancient civilizations such as Sumer, Babylon, and Assyria, as well as the recent conflicts and political changes in the country.

A Closer Look at Iraq

Iraq Flag


Iraq Formation Date

July 14, 1932

Iraq Capital Name


Iraq Neighbours

  1. Turkey Turkey
  2. Iran Iran
  3. Jordan Jordan
  4. Kuwait Kuwait
  5. Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
  6. Syria Syria

Exploring Iraq

Exploring the Rich History and Vibrant Culture of Iraq

Iraq, a country located in Western Asia, is often referred to as the "cradle of civilization" due to its historical significance. It is bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan and Syria to the west, and shares a small maritime border with Bahrain in the Persian Gulf. The name "Iraq" is derived from the Arabic word "Arka", meaning "root" or "foundation", which is fitting considering its deep roots in ancient civilizations.

Key Takeaways:

  • Iraq is located in Western Asia and shares borders with six countries.
  • The name "Iraq" comes from the Arabic word meaning "root" or "foundation".
  • The country has a rich history and vibrant culture, making it a must-visit destination for travelers.


Iraq's geography is diverse, with its terrain ranging from desert to mountains. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers flow through the country, providing fertile land for agriculture. Iraq is also home to the Mesopotamian Marshes, which are considered one of the world's largest wetlands. These marshes are home to a variety of wildlife and are a popular tourist attraction. The country is rich in natural resources, including oil, natural gas, and minerals such as sulfur and phosphate. Its strategic location in the Middle East has made it a key player in global energy markets. Iraq's climate is mostly hot and dry, with temperatures reaching up to 120 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer months. However, the northern part of the country experiences cooler temperatures and even snowfall during winter.

Origin and History:

Iraq has a long and storied history, with evidence of human habitation dating back to 10,000 BC. It is known as the birthplace of some of the world's oldest civilizations, including the Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, and Assyrians. These ancient civilizations left behind impressive architectural wonders such as the Ziggurat of Ur and the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. In modern history, Iraq was under Ottoman rule until the end of World War I when it became a British mandate. In 1932, it gained independence and became a republic in 1958. The country has faced numerous conflicts and wars, including the Iran-Iraq War in the 1980s and the Gulf War in the 1990s. Today, Iraq is rebuilding and working towards stability and prosperity.

Government and Politics:

Iraq's political system is a federal parliamentary republic, with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government. The country is divided into 18 governorates, each with its own elected governor. Foreign relations play a crucial role in Iraq's politics, with close ties to neighboring countries like Iran and Turkey. The country's borders have been a source of conflict in recent years due to disputes over territory with its neighbors. However, efforts are being made to resolve these issues through diplomatic means.

Commerce and Economy:

Iraq's economy is heavily reliant on its oil reserves, which account for nearly 90% of its exports. The country also has a growing agricultural sector, producing crops such as wheat, barley, and rice. Trade relations with neighboring countries like Turkey and Iran are vital for Iraq's economy. The official currency of Iraq is the Iraqi Dinar (IQD), which is currently undergoing a revaluation process to strengthen its value against other currencies.


Iraq's population is estimated to be around 40 million, with the majority living in urban areas. The country has a diverse population, with Arabs making up the largest ethnic group, followed by Kurds, Turkmen, and other minority groups. The median age in Iraq is 21 years old, making it a relatively young population.


Iraq's culture is a blend of ancient traditions and modern influences. The country is known for its rich art and music scene, with traditional instruments like the oud and qanun being widely used. Festivals and holidays are an important part of Iraqi culture, with celebrations such as Eid al-Fitr and Ashura being observed by both Muslims and Christians. Iraqi cuisine is also a reflection of its diverse cultural influences, with dishes like kebabs, falafel, and hummus being popular. Hospitality is highly valued in Iraqi culture, and visitors can expect to be welcomed with open arms.

Languages and Religion:

Arabic is the official language of Iraq, but Kurdish is also widely spoken in the northern region. Other regional dialects are also spoken throughout the country. Islam is the dominant religion in Iraq, with over 95% of the population identifying as Muslims. Christianity and other minority religions are also practiced in the country.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

Iraq's education system has seen significant improvements in recent years, with efforts being made to increase literacy rates and improve the quality of education. The country has several universities and technical institutes, producing skilled professionals in various fields. The healthcare system in Iraq has also seen improvements, with increased access to healthcare facilities and public health initiatives. However, there is still a need for further development and investment in this sector.

Sports and Recreation:

Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Iraq, with the national team achieving success in international competitions. Other popular sports include basketball, volleyball, and wrestling. Iraq also has a rich history in traditional sports such as horse racing and camel racing. For recreation, Iraq offers a variety of outdoor activities such as camping, hiking, and birdwatching. The country's diverse landscape makes it an ideal destination for adventure seekers.


Iraq is a treasure trove of historical and cultural attractions, making it a must-visit destination for travelers. The ancient ruins of Babylon and the ancient city of Ur are just some of the many archaeological sites that attract tourists. The Kurdistan region in the north offers stunning mountain landscapes and opportunities for outdoor activities. The capital city of Baghdad is home to several museums, including the National Museum of Iraq, which houses artifacts from ancient civilizations. The country also has several religious sites, such as the holy city of Najaf, which is an important pilgrimage site for Shia Muslims.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

Foreign visitors to Iraq must obtain a visa before arrival. The country has several international airports, with the Baghdad International Airport being the busiest. It is recommended to check with your local embassy for any travel advisories or safety precautions before planning a trip to Iraq. The local currency is the Iraqi Dinar, and credit cards are not widely accepted, so it is advisable to carry cash. It is also important to be aware of local customs and etiquette, such as dressing modestly and respecting religious sites.


  • "Iraq was born with a destiny; it was born with all the potential for greatness that any country could ever want." - Tariq Aziz
  • "The greatest achievement of Iraq is that we still exist as a united country." - Jalal Talabani
  • "Iraq is not a terrorist nation." - Mohammed Saeed al-Sahhaf


Iraq is a country with a rich history, diverse culture, and warm hospitality. Despite its challenges, it continues to make strides towards progress and development. With its stunning landscapes, ancient ruins, and vibrant cities, Iraq is a destination that should not be missed. As the country continues to rebuild and improve, it is sure to become an even more popular destination for travelers in the future.

Iraq Highest Point Name

The highest point in Iraq is Cheekha Dar, located in the Kurdish region in the northeastern corner of the country, with an elevation of 3,611 meters (11,847 feet) above sea level.

Iraq Capital Longitude

44°25' E

Iraq Capital Latitude

33°21' N

Iraq Official Languages

The official language of Iraq is Arabic, with Kurdish, Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, and Turkmen also being recognized as minority languages.

Iraq Ethnic Groups

Iraq is an ethnically diverse country, home to a number of ethnic groups including Arabs (74-77%), Kurds (17-20%), Turkmen (2%), Armenians (1-2%), Assyrians (2%) and Shabaks (1-2%). Among the Arab population, Iraqi Shia Arabs make up the majority of the population, and there is a large Kurdish minority. Iraq is also home to many other ethnic communities such as Gypsies, Mandaeans, and Yazidis. Iraq's Sunni Arab population has historically lived in the predominantly Sunni areas of central, western, and northern Iraq while the Kurds inhabit the northern regions of the country. Turkmen are largely settled in the northern regions of Iraq around Kirkuk, and Armenians are primarily concentrated in the cities of Baghdad and Basra.

Iraq Religions

The Constitution of Iraq guarantees freedom of religion to its citizens. It states that "no law may be enacted that contradicts the established provisions of Islam," which limits religious freedom to Muslims. The majority of people in Iraq identify as Shia or Sunni Muslims, while Christianity, Yazidism, and other minority religions are also present. Christianity is mostly followed by minority ethnic groups, such as the Assyrians and Chaldeans. There are also small numbers of holders of Mandean, Sabian, Jewish, Baha’i, Yarsan, Shabak, and Kakai faiths.

Iraq Total Area

The total area of Iraq is 437,072 square kilometers (168,754 square miles).

Iraq Land Area

Total land area: 437,072 square milesArea of Iraq: 168,754.3 square miles

Iraq Water Area

Iraq has a total water area of 77,788 sq mi (201,000 sq km). Its total land area is 168,754 sq mi (437,072 sq km).

Iraq Total Population

As of February 2021, the estimated population of Iraq is 39,043,050 according to

Iraq Currency Name

The currency of Iraq is the Iraqi Dinar (IQD).

Iraq Currency Code

The currency code for Iraq is IQD.

Iraq Currency Symbol

Iraqi dinar (IQD)

Iraq Time Zones

  • Standard Time: UTC+03:00
  • Daylight Saving Time: UTC+04:00

Iraq has two time zones: Iraqi Standard Time (IST) and Iraqi Daylight Saving Time (IDST). IST is always UTC+3, and IDST switches between UTC+3 and UTC+4. The transition between the two usually occurs during April and October, on the last Friday at midnight (12:00 am), with IST ending and IDST beginning. The transition back to IST typically occurs on the last Thursday of October, also at midnight.

Iraq Calling Code


Iraq Internet TLD

How to Say "Iraq" In Different Languages?

Iraque (pt-BR)
Ирак (bg-BG)
العراق (ar-EG)
Irak (fr-FR)
Irak (de-DE)
Ιράκ (el-GR)
इराक (hi-IN)
Irak (id-ID)
Iraq (it-IT)
イラク (ja-JP)
Iraq (ms-MY)
Irak (es-MX)
عراق (ur-PK)
Irak (pl-PL)
European Portuguese
Iraque (pt-PT)
Ирак (ru-RU)
อิรัก (th-TH)
Irak (tr-TR)
Ірак (uk-UA)
Irak (es-VE)

Iraq Popular Holidays

Holy Imam Ali's Birthday
13 Rajab
Killing of Imam Hussain
10 Muharram
Eid al-Ghadir
18 Dhu al-Hijjah
Ascension of Prophet Muhammad
29 Rabi' al Awal
Islamic New Year
12 Rabi' al Awal
Tassoua Day
1-5 Muharram (1-5 Muharram)
1 Muharram
Kadhimiya Shrine Anniversary
17 Rajab
Battle of Badr Anniversary
17 Ramadan (17 Ramadan)
New Year's Day
1 January
Holy Imam Hasan's Birthday
7 January
Civil Defense Day
19 January
Tahreem Revolution Day
8 March
International Women's Day
8 March
Women's Day
8 March
21 March
Mother's Day
21 March
Reza Day
23 March
Coalition Liberation Day
9 April
Martyr's Day (Kurdish Martyrs)
10 April
Victory of Iraq War
12 April
Iraq Freedom Day
17 April
Jumu'ah or Friday Prayers
20 April
Labour Day
1 May
Mandaean New Year
9 May
Id al-Fitr
13 May (14 May)
Middle East Week
14 May (18 May)
Battle of Khorramshahr Day
24 May
Imam Mahdi's Birthday
15 June
Father's Day
18 June
Republic Day
1 July
Glorious Revolution Day
14 July
Republic Day Parade
14 July
Soviet Army Day
15 July
Revolution Day
17 July
Id al-Adha
20 July (21 July)
Ashura (10th Muharram)
30 July
Islamic New Year
2 August
2 August
Al-Khadra Shrine Anniversary
3 August
Army Day
6 August
Moses Day
7 August
Martyr's Day (Kurdistan Workers' Party)
10 August
Iraqi Mother's Day
12 August
Iraqi Women's Day
15 August
Quds Day
17 August
International Day of Peace and Unity
17 August
Martyr’s Day (Iran-Iraq War)
19 August
20 August
Day of Ashura (9th Muharram)
20 August
Al-Aqsa Day
21 August
National Youth Day
23 August
Martyr's Day (Lebanon)
25 August
Prophet Muhammad's Birthday
29 August
Martyr's Day (Afghanistan)
4 September
Eid Milad al-Nabi
1 October
Iraqi Disabled Day
1 October
National Day of Repentance
2 October
Independence Day
3 October
Teachers Day
5 October
Prophet's Ascension
7 October
Holy Imam Hussain's Birthday
10 October
Martyr's Day (Iraq War II)
19 October
Netanyahu's birthday
21 October
Air Force Day
22 October
Madain Saleh Anniversary
22 October
27 October
Day of Glorified Martyrs
31 October
31 October
Martyr's Day
3 November
Martyr's Day (Saddam Hussein)
22 December

We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Iraq

National and Public Holidays in Iraq next days/week/month/year

Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha is an Islamic holiday that honors the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim to follow God's command to sacrifice his son. It is celebrated by Muslims around the world and is seen as a time for families and friends to gather to share in the joy of the holiday. Traditionally, Muslims gather for prayer at mosques and community centers during the four-day celebration, and animals are slaughtered and shared among family, friends, and those in need. Gifts are also exchanged and hot meals prepared and served. Other activities may include recreational activities like music, dancing, and games.

Laylatul Qadr

Laylatul Qadr is an Islamic holiday celebrated on the 27th day of Ramadan when Muslims believe that Allah revealed the Quran. It is considered to be more precious than 1000 months of worship and prayer.

Ashura in Iraq

"Experience the rich cultural traditions and spiritual significance of Ashura in Iraq, a national holiday observed by Shia Muslims. Join in on processions, rituals and feasts as you immerse yourself in the vibrant atmosphere of this ancient festival. A must-visit for those seeking a unique and authentic cultural experience."

Eidul Adha

Eidul Adha is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide. It marks the end of the Hajj pilgrimage and honors Abraham’s willingness to obey God by sacrificing his son Ishmael. During the three-day holiday, Muslims attend special communal prayers, share meals, give gifts, and remember the importance of faith and sacrifice. Some Muslims may also sacrifice an animal as a representation of Abraham’s faith. The holiday also serves as an opportunity to strengthen family and social ties, build goodwill and compassion among Muslim communities, give to the poor, and reduce stress and hardship. Eidul Adha is a celebration of submission to God — and a reminder of the importance of faith in one’s life.


Asura holiday is an annual Shi'a Muslim event commemorating the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali in the Battle of Karbala. It is marked by mourning and remembrance of Husayn's suffering.


Muharram is the first month of the Islamic lunar calendar and marks a time of remembrance for Muslims. It begins with a holiday that includes prayer ceremonies, mourning and remembrances of martyrdom. It's an important event for the Islamic community.

The Prophet’s Birthday in Iraq

The Prophet’s Birthday, also known as the Milad al-Nabi, is one of the most beloved and celebrated holidays in Iraq. During this holiday, Iraqis from all backgrounds, religions, and ages come together to honor the birthday of Prophet Muhammad, the founder of Islam.

Independence Day in Iraq

Independence Day is a national holiday in Iraq celebrated on October 3. It commemorates when Iraq declared itself a sovereign state in 1932 after gaining formal independence from the British Empire. This day is celebrated with various patriotic events like parades with military and civilian personnel, speeches and concerts. Many decorations and flags with Iraqi National symbols are also displayed on the streets.

All Souls’ Day

All Souls' Day is a Catholic holiday to commemorate and remember members of the faithful departed. It is celebrated annually on November 2 with prayers, Masses, and visitations to cemeteries where loved ones are buried.

Anniversary of Victory over ISIS in Iraq

Join us in Iraq to celebrate the anniversary of the victory over ISIS. Experience the rich cultural heritage and vibrant traditions of this resilient nation. From observation ceremonies to festive parades, this national holiday is a testament to the strength and unity of the Iraqi people. Don't miss this unforgettable event.

Upcoming Festivals in Iraq

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days


Eid al-Fitr is a Muslim holiday celebrated to mark the end of the holy month of Ramadan, which is a month of fasting and spiritual reflection. It is an occasion of joy for Muslims around the world. It is celebrated by the exchange of gifts, feasting on traditional dishes, and attending prayer services. Muslims often dress in their finest clothing and share special visits with family and friends. Eid al-Fitr marks a time of celebration, joy, and thanksgiving for Muslims who have spent the month of Ramadan fasting and praying.

No news found.