Syria

Syria is a Middle Eastern country situated on the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Iraq, Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, and Israel. Damascus is its capital city and the ancient ruins of Palmyra are located there. Syria has been engulfed in a civil war since 2011, with the ruling government fighting against rebel forces. It is home to a diverse population including Arabs, Kurds, and other ethnic and religious communities.

Tourism in Syria: A Guide to Experiencing the Country’s Festive Spirit

Syria, a country rich in history, culture, and hospitality, is a hidden gem for travelers seeking an authentic Middle Eastern experience. Despite the ongoing conflicts and political tensions, Syria has managed to preserve its charm and allure, making it a must-visit destination for tourists.

The Festive Spirit in Syria

The festive season in Syria is a time of joy, celebration, and community. From bustling markets to colorful parades, the country comes alive during this time. The streets are adorned with lights and decorations, and the aroma of traditional dishes fills the air. Tourists can expect to be welcomed with open arms and invited to join in on the festivities.

Unique Tourist Attractions

Syria boasts a plethora of unique tourist attractions that are particularly popular during the festive season. The ancient city of Damascus, with its stunning architecture and bustling souks (markets), is a must-visit for history enthusiasts. The coastal city of Latakia offers beautiful beaches and delicious seafood dishes. And for those seeking adventure, the ancient ruins of Palmyra offer a glimpse into Syria’s rich past.

Important Places

In addition to its historical sites, Syria also has several key tourist destinations that should not be missed. The capital city of Damascus is home to the Umayyad Mosque, one of the largest and oldest mosques in the world. The city of Aleppo is known for its beautiful citadel and vibrant markets. And the ancient city of Bosra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site with well-preserved Roman ruins.

Activities

Tourists can indulge in a variety of activities during their visit to Syria. From exploring ancient ruins to trying traditional dishes, there is something for everyone. For a unique experience, visitors can participate in a traditional dabke dance, a line dance performed during celebrations and weddings. They can also try their hand at haggling in the bustling souks or take a cooking class to learn how to make authentic Syrian dishes.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Syria has a well-developed public transportation system, making it easy for tourists to navigate the country. Buses, taxis, and trains are all available options for getting around. However, during the festive season, it is advisable to book transportation in advance as there may be an influx of tourists. It is also recommended to hire a local guide for a more authentic and hassle-free experience.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

Foreign visitors are required to obtain a visa before entering Syria. The visa application process can be done online or at the Syrian embassy in their home country. It is essential to check the latest visa requirements and restrictions before planning a trip to Syria.

Health and Safety

Before traveling to Syria, it is advisable to consult with a doctor and get necessary vaccinations. It is also important to purchase travel insurance that covers medical emergencies. As with any destination, it is crucial to stay vigilant and aware of one’s surroundings. It is recommended to avoid areas with political unrest and follow any safety advisories issued by your home country.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Syria has a rich culture and tradition, and it is essential for tourists to respect local customs and etiquette. It is customary to greet people with “as-salamu alaykum” (peace be upon you) and respond with “wa alaykum as-salam” (and peace be upon you). Dress modestly when visiting religious sites, and always ask for permission before taking photos of people.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency in Syria is the Syrian pound (SYP). However, due to the ongoing conflict, it is recommended to bring US dollars or euros for easier transactions. Credit cards are not widely accepted, so it is advisable to carry cash. It is also customary to haggle when shopping at markets, so be prepared to negotiate for a better price.

Festive Activities in Syria

Syria’s festive season is a time of joy and celebration, and tourists can partake in unique activities that are deeply rooted in the country’s traditions. From attending colorful parades to trying traditional dishes, here are some must-try activities for tourists:

  • Attending a traditional dabke dance performance
  • Joining in on the festivities at a local market
  • Trying traditional dishes like kibbeh and fattoush
  • Watching a fireworks display
  • Visiting a Christmas bazaar

These activities not only offer an insight into Syria’s culture but also provide an opportunity to connect with locals and experience their warm hospitality.

Infrastructure & Transit during the Festive Season

Syria’s public transportation system is efficient and reliable, even during the festive season. However, there may be an increase in traffic and crowds due to the influx of tourists. To efficiently traverse the country during this bustling period, here are some tips:

  • Book transportation in advance
  • Consider hiring a local guide for a hassle-free experience
  • Avoid peak hours when traveling by public transportation
  • Be patient and allow extra time for travel

Accommodation Options

Syria offers a range of accommodation options for tourists, from luxury hotels to budget-friendly guesthouses. During the festive season, it is advisable to book accommodations in advance as there may be a high demand. Here are some options to consider:

  • Luxury hotels in Damascus or Aleppo
  • Budget-friendly guesthouses in smaller cities
  • Homestays for a more authentic experience
  • Camping in nature reserves for outdoor enthusiasts

It is also recommended to choose accommodations close to key tourist destinations and events to save time and transportation costs.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Syria’s bustling souks (markets) are a shopper’s paradise, offering a variety of goods from traditional handicrafts to spices and textiles. Some popular shopping districts include:

  • Al-Hamidiyah Souq in Damascus
  • Souq al-Hamidiyya in Aleppo
  • Souq al-Harir in Homs

For unique souvenirs that embody Syria’s culture, look for handmade items like pottery, carpets, and olive oil soap. It is also customary to bargain when shopping at markets.

Technology and Connectivity

Syria has limited internet access, but most hotels and cafes offer Wi-Fi for guests. It is also recommended to purchase a local SIM card for data and phone calls. Some useful apps for travelers include Google Maps for navigation, Google Translate for language translation, and booking apps for event tickets and tours.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

For travelers seeking eco-friendly options and outdoor adventures, Syria has plenty to offer. From hiking in the mountains to camping in nature reserves, here are some activities to consider:

  • Visiting the Al-Herri Nature Reserve
  • Hiking in the mountains of Latakia
  • Camping in the Palmyra desert
  • Exploring the ancient ruins of Bosra

It is important to practice responsible tourism and respect the environment while participating in these activities.

Local Festivals and Events

In addition to the larger country-wide festivals, Syria also has smaller local festivals and events that take place throughout the year. These events offer a more intimate and authentic experience for tourists. Some notable festivals and events include:

  • The Cherry Festival in Al-Suwayda
  • The Olive Harvest Festival in Latakia
  • The Jasmine Festival in Damascus

Practical Advice and Tips

Before traveling to Syria, it is essential to plan and budget for the trip. The festive season may be a more expensive time to visit, so it is advisable to research and compare prices for accommodations, transportation, and activities. It is also important to keep emergency contact numbers handy and follow safety precautions at all times.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

To make the most out of your trip to Syria during the festive season, here are some practical tips and information:

Schedule for Country Events

The festive season in Syria typically starts in December and lasts until January. Some key events to look out for include Christmas celebrations, New Year’s Eve festivities, and the Prophet’s Birthday. It is recommended to check with local tourism boards for specific dates and schedules.

Optimal Period for Visiting Syria

The best time to visit Syria is during the spring (March-May) and fall (September-November) when the weather is mild. However, the festive season offers a unique experience for tourists, with an abundance of activities and events to partake in.

Not-to-be-Missed Country Events and Activities

Some not-to-be-missed events and activities during the festive season in Syria include attending a traditional dabke dance performance, trying traditional dishes at local markets, and watching a fireworks display.

Suitable Attire for the Country Climate and Festive Occasions

Syria has a Mediterranean climate, with hot summers and mild winters. It is recommended to dress modestly when visiting religious sites and to bring comfortable shoes for walking in markets and historical sites. For festive occasions, it is customary to dress up in traditional clothing or formal attire.

Dos and Don’ts

To honor local customs and practices, here are some dos and don’ts to keep in mind while visiting Syria:

  • Do greet people with “as-salamu alaykum” (peace be upon you)
  • Don’t take photos of people without their permission
  • Do dress modestly when visiting religious sites
  • Don’t engage in political discussions

Language Assistance

While Arabic is the official language in Syria, English is widely spoken in tourist areas. However, learning a few common phrases like “thank you” (shukran) and “hello” (marhaba) can go a long way in connecting with locals.

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergencies, here are some vital contact numbers to keep handy:

  • Police: 112
  • Ambulance: 110
  • Fire Department: 113

In conclusion, Syria offers a unique and unforgettable experience for tourists during the festive season. With its rich history, warm hospitality, and vibrant culture, it is a destination not to be missed. By following this comprehensive guide, travelers can make the most out of their trip to Syria and create lasting memories

Syria: A Country of Rich History and Complex Statistics

Syria, officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country located in Western Asia. It is bordered by Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, Israel, and the Mediterranean Sea. With a population of over 18 million people, Syria is the 88th most populous country in the world. Let’s take a closer look at some of the key statistics and data that define this fascinating country.

Geography and Demographics

Syria has a total land area of 185,180 square kilometers, making it the 89th largest country in the world. The majority of the population resides in urban areas, with about 58% of Syrians living in cities. The capital city, Damascus, is also the largest city in Syria with a population of over 4 million people.

The ethnic makeup of Syria is predominantly Arab (90%), with Kurds being the largest minority group (9%). The official language is Arabic, and Islam is the dominant religion with over 87% of the population being Muslim.

Economy and GDP

Syria’s economy has been heavily impacted by ongoing political conflicts and civil war since 2011. Before the war, Syria had a relatively stable economy with a GDP growth rate of around 4% per year. However, in recent years, the GDP has decreased significantly due to destruction and displacement caused by the war.

According to World Bank data from 2020, Syria’s GDP was estimated at $20.4 billion, making it the 137th largest economy in the world. The main industries in Syria include agriculture, oil production, textiles, and food processing. However, these industries have also been severely affected by the war.

Education and Literacy Rates

Education is highly valued in Syrian culture, with the country having a literacy rate of over 86%. The education system is divided into three levels: primary, secondary, and tertiary. Primary education is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 12.

The Syrian civil war has had a significant impact on education, with many schools being destroyed or used as shelters for displaced families. As a result, there has been a decline in enrollment rates and an increase in dropouts.

Healthcare and Life Expectancy

Syria’s healthcare system has also been severely impacted by the ongoing conflict. Before the war, Syria had a relatively advanced healthcare system, with free access to public healthcare for all citizens. However, many hospitals and medical facilities have been damaged or destroyed during the war, leaving the population with limited access to healthcare services.

The life expectancy in Syria is currently estimated at 72 years, which is slightly lower than the global average. The leading causes of death in Syria include heart disease, stroke, and respiratory infections.

Refugees and Displacement

The Syrian civil war has resulted in one of the largest humanitarian crises in recent history. According to UNHCR data from 2020, there are over 6.6 million internally displaced people within Syria, and over 5.5 million Syrian refugees living in neighboring countries.

The displacement crisis has put a strain on resources and infrastructure in neighboring countries, leading to economic and social challenges for both refugees and host communities.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Syria is a country with a rich history and culture that has been greatly impacted by ongoing political conflicts and civil war. The statistics and data mentioned above provide a glimpse into the complex situation in Syria and the challenges that its people face every day. As the country continues to rebuild and recover from years of conflict, it is crucial to support efforts towards peace and stability in the region

  • What is the capital of Syria?
    The capital of Syria is Damascus.
  • What is the official language of Syria?
    The official language of Syria is Arabic.
  • What is the currency used in Syria?
    The currency used in Syria is the Syrian pound (SYP).
  • What is the population of Syria?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Syria is 17.5 million.
  • What is the climate like in Syria?
    Syria has a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters.
  • What are some famous landmarks in Syria?
    Some famous landmarks in Syria include the ancient city of Palmyra, the Umayyad Mosque, and the Krak des Chevaliers castle.
  • Is Syria a safe country to visit?
    Due to ongoing conflicts and political instability, the US Department of State has issued a Level 4 travel advisory for Syria, advising against all travel to the country.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Syria?
    Yes, all visitors to Syria are required to obtain a visa before arrival.
  • What are some traditional Syrian dishes?
    Some traditional Syrian dishes include shawarma, kibbeh, falafel, and baklava.
  • What type of music is popular in Syria?
    Traditional Syrian music includes classical Arab music and folk music, while modern genres such as pop and hip hop are also popular.
  • What are some popular songs from Syria?
    Some popular songs from Syria include "Ya Rayeh" by Sabah Fakhri, "Habbaytak Bissayf" by Fairuz, and "Ahebak Mout" by Assi El Helani.
  • What is the dress code in Syria?
    Syria is a conservative country, and it is recommended to dress modestly, especially in religious or rural areas. Women should cover their shoulders and wear loose-fitting clothing that covers their knees.
  • What are some popular tourist destinations in Syria?
    Some popular tourist destinations in Syria include Damascus, Aleppo, Hama, and Latakia.
  • What are some cultural customs in Syria?
    Hospitality is highly valued in Syrian culture, and it is customary to remove your shoes before entering someone's home. It is also polite to bring a small gift when visiting someone's home.
  • Is tipping expected in Syria?
    Tipping is not expected in Syria, but it is appreciated for exceptional service.
  • What is the voltage used in Syria?
    The voltage used in Syria is 220V, and the standard plug type is Type C or Type E.
  • What is the time zone of Syria?
    Syria follows Eastern European Time (EET), which is UTC+02:00.
  • Can I use my cell phone in Syria?
    Most major cell phone carriers have coverage in Syria, but it is recommended to check with your provider for international roaming fees.
  • What are some common Arabic phrases to know when traveling to Syria?
    "Marhaba" (hello), "Shukran" (thank you), "Min fadlak" (please), and "Kayf halak" (how are you) are some common Arabic phrases to know when traveling to Syria.
  • What is the emergency number in Syria?
    The emergency number in Syria is 112.
  • What are some important laws and customs to be aware of in Syria?
    It is illegal to possess or use drugs in Syria, and homosexuality is also illegal. It is also important to respect religious and cultural customs, such as not eating or drinking in public during Ramadan.
  • What is the healthcare system like in Syria?
    The healthcare system in Syria has been significantly impacted by the ongoing conflicts, and it is recommended to have comprehensive travel insurance that includes medical evacuation coverage.
  • Are credit cards accepted in Syria?
    Credit cards are not widely accepted in Syria, and it is recommended to carry cash for most transactions.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Syria?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Syria include handmade carpets, olive oil soap, and traditional handicrafts such as ceramics and textiles.
  • What is the drinking age in Syria?
    The legal drinking age in Syria is 18 years old.
  • What is the legal driving age in Syria?
    The legal driving age in Syria is 18 years old.
  • Do I need an international driver's license to drive in Syria?
    Yes, an international driver's license is required to drive in Syria.
  • Is there a dress code for women in Syria?
    Women should dress modestly and cover their heads when visiting religious sites or mosques. It is also recommended to dress conservatively in public places.
  • What is the legal age of consent in Syria?
    The legal age of consent in Syria is 18 years old.
  • Are there any travel restrictions for women in Syria?
    Women may face some restrictions when traveling alone in Syria, and it is recommended to exercise caution and avoid traveling alone at night.
  • Is it safe to drink tap water in Syria?
    It is not recommended to drink tap water in Syria. It is safer to stick to bottled water.
  • What are some popular outdoor activities in Syria?
    Some popular outdoor activities in Syria include hiking, camping, and visiting historical sites.
  • Is it safe to visit archaeological sites in Syria?
    Due to ongoing conflicts, many archaeological sites in Syria have been damaged or destroyed. It is recommended to check the current situation before visiting these sites.
  • What is the voltage used in Syria?
    The voltage used in Syria is 220V, and the standard plug type is Type C or Type E.
  • What are some common Arabic phrases to know when traveling to Syria?
    "Marhaba" (hello), "Shukran" (thank you), "Min fadlak" (please), and "Kayf halak" (how are you) are some common Arabic phrases to know when traveling to Syria.
  • What is the emergency number in Syria?
    The emergency number in Syria is 112.
  • What are some important laws and customs to be aware of in Syria?
    It is illegal to possess or use drugs in Syria, and homosexuality is also illegal. It is also important to respect religious and cultural customs, such as not eating or drinking in public during Ramadan.
  • What is the healthcare system like in Syria?
    The healthcare system in Syria has been significantly impacted by the ongoing conflicts, and it is recommended to have comprehensive travel insurance that includes medical evacuation coverage.
  • Are credit cards accepted in Syria?
    Credit cards are not widely accepted in Syria, and it is recommended to carry cash for most transactions.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Syria?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Syria include handmade carpets, olive oil soap, and traditional handicrafts such as ceramics and textiles.
  • What is the drinking age in Syria?
    The legal drinking age in Syria is 18 years old.
  • What is the legal driving age in Syria?
    The legal driving age in Syria is 18 years old.
  • Do I need an international driver's license to drive in Syria?
    Yes, an international driver's license is required to drive in Syria.
  • Is there a dress code for women in Syria?
    Women should dress modestly and cover their heads when visiting religious sites or mosques. It is also recommended to dress conservatively in public places.
  • What is the legal age of consent in Syria?
    The legal age of consent in Syria is 18 years old.
  • Are there any travel restrictions for women in Syria?
    Women may face some restrictions when traveling alone in Syria, and it is recommended to exercise caution and avoid traveling alone at night.
  • Is it safe to drink tap water in Syria?
    It is not recommended to drink tap water in Syria. It is safer to stick to bottled water.
  • What are some popular outdoor activities in Syria?
    Some popular outdoor activities in Syria include hiking, camping, and visiting historical sites.
  • Is it safe to visit archaeological sites in Syria?
    Due to ongoing conflicts, many archaeological sites in Syria have been damaged or destroyed. It is recommended to check the current situation before visiting these sites.

A Closer Look at Syria

Syria Flag

Syria

Syria Formation Date

April 17, 1946

Syria Capital Name

Damascus

Syria Neighbours

  1. Cyprus Cyprus
  2. Turkey Turkey
  3. Iraq Iraq
  4. Jordan Jordan
  5. Lebanon Lebanon

Exploring Syria

Syria: A Rich Tapestry of History, Culture, and Resilience

Syria is a country steeped in history and located in the heart of the Middle East. It is bordered by Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, Israel and Lebanon to the southwest, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west. With a population of over 18 million people, Syria is a diverse and dynamic country that has faced its fair share of challenges in recent years.

Key Takeaways:

  • Syria is a country located in the Middle East with a rich history and diverse culture.
  • The country has faced challenges in recent years but remains resilient and full of potential for growth and development.
  • Syria is home to ancient civilizations, beautiful landscapes, and a vibrant culture.
  • The country's government and political system have undergone significant changes in recent years.
  • Syria's economy is primarily based on agriculture, oil, and tourism.
  • The Syrian people are known for their warmth, hospitality, and strong sense of community.

Geography:

Syria's geography is diverse and includes mountains, deserts, fertile valleys, and coastal plains. The country is home to the famous Euphrates River and has access to the Mediterranean Sea. Syria's natural resources include oil, natural gas, phosphates, iron ore, manganese, asphalt, rock salt, marble, and gypsum. The climate varies from Mediterranean in the west to desert in the east. Summers are hot and dry while winters are mild and wet.

Origin and History:

Syria has a long and rich history dating back to ancient civilizations such as the Sumerians, Akkadians, Assyrians, and Babylonians. The country has been ruled by various empires throughout history, including the Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, and Ottomans. In the 20th century, Syria gained independence from French rule and became a republic in 1961. The country has faced political turmoil and conflict in recent years, but its people remain resilient and proud of their heritage.

Government and Politics:

Syria's government is a unitary semi-presidential republic with a multi-party system. The President is the head of state and is elected by popular vote for a seven-year term. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President and heads the government. Syria is divided into 14 governorates, each with its own governor appointed by the President. In recent years, Syria has faced political unrest and conflict, leading to changes in its government and political landscape.

Commerce and Economy:

Syria's economy is primarily based on agriculture, oil, and tourism. The country is known for producing high-quality olive oil, cotton, wheat, barley, and fruits. Syria also has significant reserves of oil and natural gas, which have played a crucial role in its economy. The country's main trading partners include China, Russia, Iraq, Germany, Italy, and Turkey. Despite the challenges it has faced in recent years, Syria's economy remains resilient and has potential for growth.

Demographics:

Syria's population is estimated to be over 18 million people. The majority of the population is Arab, with Kurdish, Turkmen, Assyrian, and Armenian minorities. The average age in Syria is 24 years old, with a relatively young population. Arabic is the official language of Syria, with Kurdish also recognized as a minority language.

Culture:

Syria's culture is a beautiful tapestry of influences from various civilizations throughout history. The country is known for its traditional music, art, and literature. Syrian cuisine is also a reflection of its diverse history, with influences from the Mediterranean, Middle East, and Central Asia. The country celebrates various festivals and holidays, including Eid al-Fitr, Christmas, and Easter. The Syrian people are known for their warmth, hospitality, and strong sense of community.

Languages and Religion:

Arabic is the dominant language in Syria, with various regional dialects spoken throughout the country. Kurdish is also recognized as a minority language. Islam is the majority religion in Syria, with Sunni Muslims making up the largest group. There are also significant Christian and Druze communities in the country. Religion plays an important role in Syrian society and influences many aspects of daily life.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

Syria's education system is free and compulsory for children between the ages of six and 12. The country has several universities and institutes of higher education, with Damascus University being the oldest and most prestigious. Syria also has a universal healthcare system that provides free or low-cost medical care to its citizens. However, the ongoing conflict has severely impacted the country's education and healthcare systems.

Sports and Recreation:

Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Syria, with the national team achieving some success on the international stage. Other popular sports include basketball, volleyball, and handball. Syria has also produced world-renowned athletes in wrestling, weightlifting, and boxing. In terms of recreation, Syrians enjoy spending time with family and friends, going to cafes and restaurants, and visiting historical sites.

Tourism:

Despite the ongoing conflict, Syria remains a beautiful and culturally rich destination for tourists. The country is home to ancient cities such as Damascus, Aleppo, and Palmyra, which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Other popular tourist attractions include the Crusader Castle of Krak des Chevaliers, the ancient city of Bosra, and the coastal city of Latakia. Syria also has a thriving handicraft industry, with traditional goods such as rugs, pottery, and jewelry.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

If you are planning to visit Syria, it is essential to research and understand the current situation in the country. Currently, most governments advise against all travel to Syria due to the ongoing conflict. However, if you do decide to visit, you will need a visa, which can be obtained from a Syrian embassy or consulate. It is also essential to follow local customs and etiquette, dress modestly, and avoid discussing politics or religion in public. The official currency of Syria is the Syrian pound, and credit cards are not widely accepted.

Quotes:

  • "Syria is a country with a rich heritage and a bright future." - Bashar al-Assad
  • "The Syrian people are known for their resilience and strength in the face of adversity." - Kofi Annan
  • "Syria is a land of ancient civilizations and breathtaking landscapes." - Unknown

Conclusion:

Syria is a country with a complex and fascinating history, diverse culture, and resilient people. Despite the challenges it has faced in recent years, Syria remains a beautiful destination with potential for growth and development. As the country continues to rebuild and recover, it is essential to remember its rich heritage and vibrant culture that have stood the test of time. With its beautiful landscapes, warm hospitality, and proud people, Syria is a country that will continue to captivate visitors for years to come.

Syria Highest Point Name

The highest point in Syria is Mount Hermon, located on the Lebanese border with Syria, rising at an elevation of 2,814 meters (9,232 feet) above sea level.

Syria Capital Longitude

Damascus, Syria's capital, is located at a longitude of 36.2027°N.

Syria Capital Latitude

The capital of Syria is Damascus and it has a latitude of 33.5 and a longitude of 36.3.

Syria Official Languages

The official language of Syria is Arabic.

Syria Ethnic Groups

Syria is a diverse country populated by many different ethnic groups. The majority of Syrians (roughly 85%) are of Arab ancestry, with a minority of Kurds, Armenians, Circassians, and others making up the remaining 15%. Among the Arab population, the Sunni Muslims make up the majority (74%), with additional groups including various Shia sects, Alawites, Christian Arabs, and Druze. Kurds are the most prominent non-Arab group, accounting for 9% of the population. Other minority ethnicities include Armenians, Circassians, Assyrians, Turkoman, and Chechens. Syrian culture is rooted in the language of Arabic, and the majority of Syrians are Muslim, although there are significant populations of both Christians and Jews.

Syria Religions

Syria is a predominantly Muslim country with around 87% of its population being Muslim while the remaining 13% is largely composed of other religions, such as Christianity, Druze, Yazidis, and Judaism. Islam is the main religion of the country, with the majority of adherents being Sunnis. Other forms of Islam, such as Alawite and Shi'a, are also present in Syria. Christianity is the second largest religion in the country, mainly practiced by the Greek Orthodox Church, as well as other Eastern Orthodox, Syriac Orthodox, and Roman Catholic denominations. The Druze religion is most widespread in the southwestern area of the country while the Yazidis are found mainly in the north east. Judaism was once a prevalent faith in Syria until 1948 when most Jews left the country.

Syria Total Area

185,180 square kilometers (71,479 square miles)

Syria Land Area

Syria is estimated to have an area of 185,180 sq km (71,498 sq mi).

Syria Water Area

Syria has no water area. It is surrounded by land, with no maritime borders.

Syria Total Population

As of July 2020, the total population of Syria was estimated to be 17,913,033 people.

Syria Currency Name

The official currency of Syria is the Syrian Pound (SYP).

Syria Currency Code

SYP (Syrian Pound)

Syria Currency Symbol

The currency symbol for Syria is SY£.

Syria Time Zones

  • Standard Time: UTC+02:00
  • Daylight Saving Time: UTC+03:00

Syria is officially in the Eastern European Time (EET) zone, which is in UTC format +2. Daylight savings time (DST) typically begins on the last Sunday in March each year, when clocks are moved forward by one hour from 2 am to 3 am, and ends on the last Sunday in October, when clocks are moved back by one hour from 3 am to 2 am.

Syria Calling Code

+963

Syria Internet TLD

www.aveholidays.sy

How to Say "Syria" In Different Languages?

Spanish
Siria (es-AR)
Armenian
Սուրիա (hy-AM)
Dutch
Syrië (nl-BE)
Portuguese
Síria (pt-BR)
English
Syria (en-CA)
French
Syrie (fr-FR)
German
Syrien (de-DE)
Greek
Συρία (el-GR)
Hindi
सीरिया (hi-IN)
Indonesian
Suriah (id-ID)
Italian
Siria (it-IT)
Japanese
シリア (ja-JP)
Kazakh
Сүрия (kk-KZ)
Polish
Syria (pl-PL)
Russian
Сирия (ru-RU)
Spanish
Siria (es-ES)
Swedish
Syrien (sv-SE)
Turkish
Suriye (tr-TR)
Ukrainian
Сирія (uk-UA)

Syria Popular Holidays

Al-Hijra New Year
1 Muharram
New Year
1 January
Armed Forces Day
17 January
Women's Day
8 March
Arab Women's Day
8 March
International Women's Day
8 March
Education Day
8 March
Martyrs' Day
18 March
Syrian Mother's Day
21 March
National Heritage Day
21 March
Mother's Day
21 March
World Water Day
22 March
Earth Hour
24 March
Revolution Day
25 March
Good Friday
30 March
Autism Day
2 April
Easter Monday
2 April
Heroes Day
3 April
Martyr's Day
8 April
Syrian Republic Day
8 April
Arabic Language Week
9 April (15 April)
Global Unity Federation Day
13 April
Ramadan
13 April (12 May)
Prophet Muhammad's Birthday
13 April
Orphans' Day
15 April
Youth and Sports Day
17 April
National Day of Syrian Arabs
17 April
Earth Day
22 April
World Book Day
23 April
Syrian Labor Day
1 May
International Workers' Day
1 May
Isra and Mi'raj Day
13 May
Palestine Day
15 May
Culture Day
18 May
Arabic Language Day
18 May
Eid al-Fitr
24 May (25 May)
African Liberation Day
25 May
Evacuation Day
26 May
Evacuation Day
26 May
Mother's and Children's Day
1 June
Children's Day
1 June
Orphans' Day
2 June
Environment Day
5 June
Democratic Day
17 June
Audacity and Perseverance Day
6 July
Muslim Brotherhood Day
15 July
Festival of al-Mawlid
25 July
Almazaya's Day
30 July
Eid al-Adha
31 July (2 August)
Harvest Festival Holiday
1 August (3 August)
Seferberlik Day
1 August
Damascus International Fair
5 August (25 August)
Army Day
6 August
National Cheese Day
16 August
Quran Day
17 August
Shemoukh Day
17 August
Martyrs' Day and Commemoration of the Martyr's of the Great Arab Revolt
20 August
Prisoners of War Day
5 September
Yarmouk Dam's Anniversary
1 October
Great Arab Revolt Anniversary
3 October
Animals Day
4 October
Armed Forces Day
6 October
World Food Day
16 October
Independence Day
17 October
Library Day
19 October
Feast of Sacrifice
3 November
Youth Day
25 November
Day of International Solidarity
29 November
Human Rights Day
10 December

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Upcoming Holidays in Syria

National and Public Holidays in Syria next days/week/month/year

Ramadan

Ramadan is a Muslim holy month of fasting observed by believers worldwide. It is a period of spiritual reflection, self-improvement, and increased devotion and worship. During this month, Muslims abstain from food, drink, and smoking during the hours of sunrise to sunset. During Ramadan, Muslims focus on renewing their faith through increased devotion, prayer, and supplication. They visit the mosque more regularly and read and contemplate the Quran. This month is also known for its spirit of generosity and charity, as Muslims give to the less fortunate.

Islamic New Year

Islamic New Year, also known as Hijri New Year, is the first day of the Islamic calendar year observed on Muharram 1 of each year. It is the first day of the month of Muharram, one of the four sacred months of the Islamic year. Observations during the day involve recitations from the Quran, special prayer sessions, and feasts. Working and doing business is generally prohibited in some countries. Islamic New Year is celebrated by Muslims worldwide with special ceremonies and activities.

Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday

Prophet Mohammed's Birthday is a special holiday celebrated in many Muslim countries. It marks the birth of the Prophet Mohammed and is seen as a time for Muslims to show reverence for the Prophet's teachings. Celebrations typically involve prayer services, family gatherings, and the exchange of gifts. Other special activities may include parades, special meals, and volunteering to help those in need. It is a festive and joyous occasion, and its observance is a reminder to all of the human race of the Prophet's message.

The Death of Prophet Muhammad

The Death of Prophet Muhammad holiday, or Eid-e-Mubahila, remembers the passing of the Prophet. It is a day of reflection, prayer, fasting and charity. During this time of mourning, believers remember the Prophet and recall the many teachings of his life. It is believed that on this day, Prophet Muhammad rose to meet his Creator and left this mortal plane.

Martyrdom of Imam Hassan al-Askari

The Martyrdom of Imam Hassan al-Askari is a Shia Islamic holiday that commemorates the death of Imam Hassan al-Askari in 873. It is celebrated annually on the eighth day of the third month in the Islamic calendar, Rabi al-Awwal, with prayer and mourning commemorating the Imam's passing.

Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha is an Islamic holiday that honors the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim to follow God's command to sacrifice his son. It is celebrated by Muslims around the world and is seen as a time for families and friends to gather to share in the joy of the holiday. Traditionally, Muslims gather for prayer at mosques and community centers during the four-day celebration, and animals are slaughtered and shared among family, friends, and those in need. Gifts are also exchanged and hot meals prepared and served. Other activities may include recreational activities like music, dancing, and games.

Eidul Adha

Eidul Adha is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide. It marks the end of the Hajj pilgrimage and honors Abraham’s willingness to obey God by sacrificing his son Ishmael. During the three-day holiday, Muslims attend special communal prayers, share meals, give gifts, and remember the importance of faith and sacrifice. Some Muslims may also sacrifice an animal as a representation of Abraham’s faith. The holiday also serves as an opportunity to strengthen family and social ties, build goodwill and compassion among Muslim communities, give to the poor, and reduce stress and hardship. Eidul Adha is a celebration of submission to God — and a reminder of the importance of faith in one’s life.

Ashura

Asura holiday is an annual Shi'a Muslim event commemorating the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali in the Battle of Karbala. It is marked by mourning and remembrance of Husayn's suffering.

Muharram

Muharram is the first month of the Islamic lunar calendar and marks a time of remembrance for Muslims. It begins with a holiday that includes prayer ceremonies, mourning and remembrances of martyrdom. It's an important event for the Islamic community.

All Souls’ Day

All Souls' Day is a Catholic holiday to commemorate and remember members of the faithful departed. It is celebrated annually on November 2 with prayers, Masses, and visitations to cemeteries where loved ones are buried.

Upcoming Festivals in Syria

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Eid-al-Fitr

Eid al-Fitr is a Muslim holiday celebrated to mark the end of the holy month of Ramadan, which is a month of fasting and spiritual reflection. It is an occasion of joy for Muslims around the world. It is celebrated by the exchange of gifts, feasting on traditional dishes, and attending prayer services. Muslims often dress in their finest clothing and share special visits with family and friends. Eid al-Fitr marks a time of celebration, joy, and thanksgiving for Muslims who have spent the month of Ramadan fasting and praying.

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