Lebanon is a small country in the Middle East. It is located at the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Its culture is a unique blend of various ethnic and religious groups, like Maronite Christians, Shia and Sunni Muslims, and Druze. Lebanon is known for its advanced banking sector, Mediterranean climate and cedar trees, along with its vibrant nightlife. Its main economic sectors are services, construction, real estate, trade and manufacturing. Its capital, Beirut, is one of the most beautiful and bustling cities in the region.

Tourism in Lebanon: A Festive and Cultural Experience

Lebanon, a small but vibrant country located in the Middle East, is a hidden gem for travelers seeking a unique and enriching experience. With its rich history, diverse culture, and stunning landscapes, Lebanon has become a popular tourist destination in recent years. And there’s no better time to visit than during the country’s festive season.

The Festive Spirit of Lebanon

The festive season in Lebanon is a time of joy, celebration, and communal gatherings. The streets are adorned with colorful lights, and the air is filled with the sounds of traditional music and laughter. The country comes alive with a sense of excitement and warmth that is infectious to both locals and tourists alike.

Unique Tourist Attractions

During this time, there are several unique tourist attractions that are particularly popular among visitors. One of the most iconic is the Christmas tree in Beirut’s Martyrs’ Square, which stands at an impressive 35 meters tall and is decorated with over 20,000 lights. Other must-see attractions include the festive markets, where you can find traditional handicrafts, delicious local food, and souvenirs to take home.

General Overview: Highlight Tourist Attractions

Lebanon offers a diverse range of attractions for tourists to explore. From ancient ruins to modern cities, there is something for everyone in this small but mighty country. Some of the top tourist destinations include:

  • Baalbek: This ancient city is home to some of the most well-preserved Roman ruins in the world.
  • Jeita Grotto: These stunning limestone caves are a natural wonder and a must-visit for nature lovers.
  • Byblos: One of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Byblos is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a must-see for history buffs.
  • Beirut: The vibrant capital city of Lebanon offers a mix of old and new, with ancient ruins, modern architecture, and a bustling nightlife.

Activities: Suggest Tourist Activities

In addition to sightseeing, there are plenty of activities for tourists to enjoy in Lebanon. For adventure seekers, there are opportunities for hiking, skiing, and water sports. Foodies can indulge in the country’s delicious cuisine, which is influenced by Mediterranean and Middle Eastern flavors. And for those looking to relax, there are beautiful beaches and luxurious spas to enjoy.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Lebanon has a well-developed infrastructure and transportation system, making it easy for tourists to navigate the country. The main mode of public transportation is buses, which connect major cities and towns. Taxis are also readily available, but it’s important to negotiate the fare before getting in. For longer distances, there are trains and domestic flights available.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

If you’re planning a trip to Lebanon during the festive season, here are some essential travel tips to keep in mind.

Visa Requirements

Most visitors to Lebanon will require a visa to enter the country. The application process is relatively straightforward and can be done online or at the Lebanese embassy or consulate in your home country. It’s best to apply for a visa well in advance of your trip to avoid any delays.

Health and Safety

Lebanon is generally a safe country for tourists, but it’s always important to take precautions when traveling. It’s recommended to get any necessary vaccinations before your trip and to have travel insurance that covers medical emergencies. It’s also advisable to avoid any demonstrations or political gatherings and to be aware of your surroundings at all times.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Lebanon is a country with a rich cultural heritage, and it’s important to respect local customs and etiquette. It’s customary to greet people with a handshake, and it’s considered polite to bring a small gift when visiting someone’s home. Dress modestly when visiting religious sites, and avoid public displays of affection.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency in Lebanon is the Lebanese pound (LBP), but US dollars are widely accepted. It’s best to have a mix of both currencies on hand, as some places may only accept one or the other. Credit cards are also accepted in most establishments, but it’s always a good idea to have some cash on hand for smaller purchases.

Festive Activities in Lebanon

Lebanon’s festive season is full of unique activities and experiences that should not be missed. Here are some suggestions for making the most out of your trip during this special time.

Propose Distinctive Activities

One of the best ways to experience Lebanon’s culture during the festive season is by participating in traditional activities. Join in on the country’s famous Christmas tree lighting ceremony, attend a Christmas mass at one of the many churches, or join a local family for a traditional Christmas dinner.

Connect These Activities to Country Traditions

Many of these activities have deep roots in Lebanon’s traditions and customs. For example, the Christmas tree lighting ceremony symbolizes the start of the festive season, while attending mass is an important religious tradition for many Lebanese families.

Infrastructure & Transit

During the festive season, Lebanon sees a surge in tourists, which can affect the efficiency of its public transportation system. Here are some tips for navigating the country during this busy time.

Analyze the Efficiency of Public Transportation

While Lebanon’s public transportation system is generally reliable, it can become crowded and hectic during the festive season. It’s best to plan your trips in advance and allow for extra time to account for any delays. It’s also advisable to avoid traveling during rush hour.

Provide Tips for Efficiently Traversing the Country

To efficiently traverse the country during this bustling period, consider using ride-sharing apps or hiring a private driver. This will save you time and ensure a more comfortable journey.

Accommodation Options

Lebanon offers a variety of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference. Here are some of the top choices for tourists during the festive season.

Detail Various Lodging Possibilities

From luxury hotels to budget-friendly hostels, there are plenty of options for accommodation in Lebanon. For a unique experience, consider staying in a traditional Lebanese guesthouse, known as a “riad.” These offer a more authentic and intimate experience with local culture.

Discuss Advantages of Different Accommodations

Luxury hotels often offer stunning views and convenient amenities, while hostels are a great option for budget travelers looking to meet other like-minded individuals. Staying in a riad allows for a more immersive cultural experience, as you’ll be living among locals and learning about their way of life.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Lebanon is known for its bustling markets and shopping districts, making it an ideal destination for souvenir shopping. Here are some tips for finding unique souvenirs that embody the country’s culture.

Highlight Key Shopping Districts

Beirut’s famous Hamra Street is a must-visit for shoppers, with its wide variety of stores selling everything from clothing to souvenirs. The Souk el Tayeb farmers’ market is also a great place to find locally made products and fresh produce.

Offer Tips for Finding Unique Souvenirs

For a truly unique souvenir, consider purchasing traditional Lebanese handicrafts, such as pottery, glassware, or hand-woven rugs. These items not only make great gifts but also support local artisans and preserve the country’s cultural heritage.

Technology and Connectivity

Staying connected while traveling is essential, and Lebanon offers several options for staying connected during your trip.

Discuss Availability of Technology

Most hotels and cafes in Lebanon offer free Wi-Fi, making it easy to stay connected. You can also purchase a local SIM card for your phone, which will give you access to data and calls at a reasonable price.

Suggest Useful Apps

There are several useful apps for travelers in Lebanon, including navigation apps like Google Maps or Waze, language translation apps like Google Translate, and event booking apps like Eventbrite or Ticketmaster.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

For those looking to experience Lebanon’s natural beauty and promote sustainable travel practices, there are plenty of eco-friendly travel options and outdoor activities to enjoy.

Introduce Eco-Friendly Travel Options

Lebanon has several eco-friendly tour companies that offer sustainable travel experiences. These include hiking tours in the mountains, camping trips in the countryside, and snorkeling adventures in the Mediterranean Sea.

Promote Responsible Tourism Practices

It’s important to be mindful of your impact on the environment while traveling. Be sure to follow the principles of “leave no trace” and avoid littering or damaging natural habitats. Support local businesses that promote sustainability and responsible tourism.

Local Festivals and Events

In addition to the country’s main festive season, there are also smaller local festivals and events that take place throughout the year. These offer a unique opportunity to experience the culture and traditions of different regions in Lebanon.

Detail Smaller Local Festivals and Events

Some of the most popular local festivals and events include the Baalbeck International Festival, which showcases music, dance, and theater performances in the ancient city of Baalbek, and the Tyre International Festival, which celebrates the city’s rich history and culture.

Practical Advice and Tips

Before embarking on your trip to Lebanon, here are some practical tips to keep in mind.

Budgeting for the Trip

Lebanon is generally an affordable destination for tourists, but it’s always a good idea to budget accordingly. Consider the cost of accommodations, transportation, food, and any activities you plan on doing. It’s also a good idea to have some extra cash on hand for unexpected expenses.

Safety Tips Specific to Country Season

During the festive season, it’s important to be aware of your surroundings and avoid large crowds or demonstrations. It’s also advisable to dress appropriately for the weather and cultural norms.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

To make the most out of your trip to Lebanon during the festive season, here is a comprehensive guide with all the practical information you need.

Schedule for Country Events

The festive season in Lebanon typically runs from mid-December to early January. During this time, you can expect to see Christmas decorations and festivities throughout the country.

Ticket Acquisition and Venue Locations

Tickets for major events can be purchased online or at designated ticket booths. It’s best to purchase tickets in advance, as they can sell out quickly. Venues for events are usually located in major cities and can be easily accessed by public transportation.

Optimal Period for Visiting the Country

The festive season is a popular time to visit Lebanon, but the country can also be enjoyed year-round. For those looking to avoid the crowds, it’s best to visit during the shoulder seasons of spring and fall.

Not-to-Be-Missed Country Events and Activities

Some of the top events and activities during the festive season include the Christmas tree lighting ceremony, traditional Christmas markets, and New Year’s Eve celebrations.

Suitable Attire for Country Climate and Festive Occasions

Lebanon has a Mediterranean climate, with hot summers and mild winters. During the festive season, temperatures can range from 10-20 degrees Celsius. It’s best to dress in layers and bring a jacket for cooler evenings. For festive occasions, it’s recommended to dress modestly and avoid revealing clothing.

Dos and Don’ts for Honoring Local Customs

To show respect for local customs and practices, it’s important to dress modestly when visiting religious sites, avoid public displays of affection, and ask for permission before taking photos of people or places.

Language Assistance with Common Phrases

While Arabic is the official language in Lebanon, English is widely spoken in tourist areas. However, it’s always appreciated to learn some common phrases in Arabic, such as “hello” (marhaba), “thank you” (shukran), and “please” (min fadlak).

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of an emergency, here are some important contact numbers to keep on hand:

  • Police: 112
  • Ambulance: 140
  • Fire Department: 175

In Conclusion

Lebanon is a country that truly comes alive during the festive season. With its unique attractions, vibrant culture, and warm hospitality, it’s a destination that should not be missed. Whether you’re looking for a cultural experience, an adventure in nature, or simply a relaxing vacation, Lebanon has something for everyone. So pack your bags and get ready to experience the magic of this beautiful country during its most festive time of year

Exploring the Statistics and Data of Lebanon

Lebanon, officially known as the Lebanese Republic, is a small country located in the Middle East. Despite its size, Lebanon has a rich history and a diverse culture. In this article, we will delve into the statistics and data of this fascinating country.

Geography and Population

Lebanon covers an area of 10,452 square kilometers and is bordered by Syria to the north and east, Israel to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west. The country is divided into six governorates and the capital city of Beirut. According to the latest estimates by the World Bank, Lebanon’s population stands at 6.8 million as of 2020.


Lebanon has a free-market economy that is heavily reliant on services such as banking, tourism, and commerce. The country’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product) was $55.5 billion in 2019, with a per capita income of $7,874. However, due to political instability and economic challenges, Lebanon’s economy has been struggling in recent years.


Education is highly valued in Lebanon, with a literacy rate of 93.9%. The country has a well-developed education system with both public and private schools. According to data from UNESCO, there are over 1.5 million students enrolled in primary and secondary education in Lebanon.

Social Indicators

Lebanon has made significant progress in terms of social indicators such as life expectancy and infant mortality rate. The life expectancy at birth for both males and females is 79 years, which is higher than the global average of 72 years. The infant mortality rate is also relatively low at 6 deaths per 1,000 live births.

Religion and Language

Lebanon is a diverse country with multiple religions and languages. The majority of the population is Muslim (54%) and Christian (40.5%), with a small percentage of Druze and other religions. Arabic is the official language, but French and English are also widely spoken.


Lebanon’s rich history, beautiful landscapes, and vibrant culture make it a popular tourist destination. In 2019, the country welcomed 1.8 million tourists, generating $8.2 billion in revenue. The top attractions in Lebanon include the ancient city of Baalbek, the Jeita Grotto, and the capital city of Beirut.

Challenges Faced by Lebanon

Despite its many strengths, Lebanon faces several challenges that hinder its development. One of the main challenges is political instability, which has led to economic struggles and social unrest. The country is also facing a refugee crisis, with over 1 million Syrian refugees seeking shelter in Lebanon.


1. World Bank: https://data.worldbank.org/country/lebanon
2. UNESCO: https://en.unesco.org/countries/lebanon
3. Lebanese Ministry of Tourism: https://www.mot.gov.lb/en/lebanon-tourism-facts-and-figures
4. CIA World Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/lebanon/
5. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees: https://www.unhcr.org/lebanon.html


In conclusion, Lebanon is a small but diverse country with a rich history and culture. Despite facing challenges, it has made significant progress in areas such as education and social indicators. With continued efforts towards stability and development, Lebanon has the potential to thrive and become a top tourist destination in the Middle East

  • What is the capital of Lebanon?
    The capital of Lebanon is Beirut.
  • What is the official language of Lebanon?
    The official language of Lebanon is Arabic.
  • What is the currency used in Lebanon?
    The currency used in Lebanon is the Lebanese pound (LBP).
  • What is the population of Lebanon?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Lebanon is 6.8 million.
  • What is the national dish of Lebanon?
    The national dish of Lebanon is kibbeh, a mixture of bulgur, minced onions, and finely ground meat.
  • What are some popular dishes in Lebanon?
    Other popular dishes in Lebanon include tabbouleh, falafel, shawarma, and baklava.
  • What type of music is popular in Lebanon?
    Lebanese pop music and traditional Arabic music are both popular in Lebanon.
  • Who are some famous Lebanese musicians?
    Famous Lebanese musicians include Fairuz, Wadih El Safi, and Nancy Ajram.
  • What are some popular Lebanese songs?
    'Ya Rayt' by Fayrouz, '3am Bet3alla2 Feek' by Nancy Ajram, and 'Habibi Ya Eini' by Melhem Zein are all popular Lebanese songs.
  • What is the weather like in Lebanon?
    Lebanon has a Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters.
  • What are some popular tourist destinations in Lebanon?
    Popular tourist destinations in Lebanon include Beirut, Byblos, Baalbek, and the Cedars of God.
  • Is Lebanon a safe country for tourists?
    Lebanon has experienced some political and security issues in recent years, but it is generally considered safe for tourists.
  • What is the best time of year to visit Lebanon?
    The best time to visit Lebanon is during the spring (March-May) or fall (September-November) when the weather is pleasant and there are fewer tourists.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Lebanon?
    Citizens of most countries can obtain a visa on arrival in Lebanon. However, it is recommended to check with the Lebanese embassy or consulate in your country before traveling.
  • What is the main religion in Lebanon?
    The main religion in Lebanon is Islam, followed by Christianity and Druze.
  • What are some important cultural customs in Lebanon?
    In Lebanon, it is customary to greet others with a kiss on each cheek. It is also important to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites.
  • What is the legal drinking age in Lebanon?
    The legal drinking age in Lebanon is 18 years old.
  • What are some traditional Lebanese drinks?
    Traditional Lebanese drinks include arak (an anise-flavored liquor), wine, and coffee.
  • Is tipping expected in Lebanon?
    Tipping is not mandatory in Lebanon, but it is common to leave a small tip (around 10%) at restaurants and for other services.
  • What type of electrical outlets are used in Lebanon?
    Lebanon uses Type C and Type D electrical outlets, which are the same as those used in Europe and India.
  • What is the time zone in Lebanon?
    Lebanon is in the Eastern European Time Zone (EET), which is UTC+2.
  • Can I use my cell phone in Lebanon?
    Yes, most major cell phone carriers have coverage in Lebanon. However, international roaming charges may apply.
  • What is the emergency number in Lebanon?
    The emergency number in Lebanon is 112.
  • What is the country calling code for Lebanon?
    The country calling code for Lebanon is +961.
  • What are some important Arabic phrases to know when visiting Lebanon?
    'Marhaba' (hello), 'shukran' (thank you), and 'min fadlak' (please) are all useful Arabic phrases to know when visiting Lebanon.
  • Is it safe to drink tap water in Lebanon?
    It is generally safe to drink tap water in Lebanon, but bottled water is also widely available.
  • What is the dress code for women in Lebanon?
    Women should dress modestly in Lebanon, especially when visiting religious sites. It is recommended to cover shoulders and knees.
  • What is the dress code for men in Lebanon?
    Men should also dress modestly in Lebanon, avoiding shorts and sleeveless shirts when possible.
  • Are there any specific customs or etiquette rules I should be aware of when visiting someone's home in Lebanon?
    It is customary to bring a small gift, such as flowers or pastries, when visiting someone's home in Lebanon. It is also polite to remove your shoes before entering the house.
  • What is the legal age for marriage in Lebanon?
    The legal age for marriage in Lebanon is 18 years old for both men and women.
  • What are some traditional Lebanese wedding customs?
    Traditional Lebanese weddings involve a lot of food, music, and dancing. The bride typically wears a white dress and the groom wears a suit.
  • What is the national airline of Lebanon?
    The national airline of Lebanon is Middle East Airlines (MEA).
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Lebanon?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Lebanon include handcrafted jewelry, Lebanese sweets, and traditional Lebanese spices.
  • Is it customary to haggle when shopping in Lebanon?
    Haggling is not common in Lebanon, but it is acceptable in markets and small shops.
  • What are some important historical sites in Lebanon?
    Important historical sites in Lebanon include the ancient city of Byblos, the ruins of Baalbek, and the National Museum of Beirut.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting religious sites in Lebanon?
    It is recommended to dress modestly when visiting religious sites in Lebanon, covering shoulders and knees.
  • What are some popular outdoor activities in Lebanon?
    Popular outdoor activities in Lebanon include hiking in the mountains, swimming at the beach, and skiing in the winter.
  • Is there a lot of traffic in Lebanon?
    Traffic can be heavy in cities like Beirut, so it is recommended to use public transportation or taxis when possible.
  • Are there any festivals or events that take place in Lebanon?
    Lebanon hosts many festivals and events throughout the year, including the Baalbeck International Festival, the Beirut International Film Festival, and the Tyre Festival.
  • What are some traditional Lebanese desserts?
    Traditional Lebanese desserts include baklava, maamoul (date-filled cookies), and knefeh (a sweet cheese pastry).
  • Is it safe to travel to Lebanon as a solo female traveler?
    Lebanon is generally safe for solo female travelers, but it is recommended to take precautions such as avoiding walking alone at night.
  • What is the emergency number for the police in Lebanon?
    The emergency number for the police in Lebanon is 112.
  • What is the emergency number for medical services in Lebanon?
    The emergency number for medical services in Lebanon is 140.
  • What is the emergency number for fire services in Lebanon?
    The emergency number for fire services in Lebanon is 175.

A Closer Look at Lebanon - 黎巴嫩

Lebanon Flag


Lebanon Formation Date

November 22, 1943

Lebanon Capital Name


Lebanon Neighbours

  1. Syria Syria

Exploring Lebanon

Lebanon: A Rich Blend of History, Culture, and Beauty

Lebanon, a small country located in the Middle East, has a long and fascinating history that has shaped its unique culture and diverse landscape. Known as the "Switzerland of the Middle East," Lebanon is a country that offers visitors a perfect blend of ancient ruins, bustling cities, and stunning natural beauty. In this article, we will delve into the rich history, vibrant culture, and breathtaking scenery of Lebanon.

Key Takeaways:

  • Lebanon is a small country located in the Middle East.
  • The name "Lebanon" is derived from the Semitic word "lbn," meaning "white," which refers to the snow-capped mountains of the country.
  • Lebanon is known for its rich history, diverse culture, and stunning natural beauty.
  • The country has faced political and social challenges in recent years but remains a popular tourist destination.


Lebanon is situated on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south. The country's geography is characterized by a narrow coastal plain, followed by two parallel mountain ranges running north to south. The highest peak in Lebanon is Qurnat as Sawda, standing at 10,128 feet (3,087 meters).

The country's natural resources include fertile land, timber, iron ore, and limestone. Lebanon's climate is Mediterranean, with hot summers and mild winters. The country experiences heavy rainfall in the winter months and dry summers.

Origin and History:

Lebanon has a rich history dating back to ancient civilizations, including the Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, and Ottomans. The name "Lebanon" is derived from the Semitic word "lbn," meaning "white," which refers to the snow-capped mountains of the country.

Throughout history, Lebanon has been a melting pot of cultures and religions, with influences from Phoenician, Greek, Roman, Arab, and Ottoman civilizations. In the 19th century, Lebanon became part of the Ottoman Empire and gained independence in 1943.

Government and Politics:

Lebanon is a parliamentary democratic republic with a multi-confessional political system. The country is divided into eight governorates, with Beirut as its capital. Lebanon has a complex political landscape due to its diverse population and sectarian divisions.

The country has faced political turmoil in recent years, with conflicts between different religious and political groups. However, Lebanon remains an important player in regional politics and maintains diplomatic relations with various countries worldwide.

Commerce and Economy:

The Lebanese economy is highly diversified, with a strong focus on services, including banking, tourism, and trade. The country's main exports include jewelry, chemicals, textiles, and agricultural products such as fruits and vegetables.

Lebanon has strong trade relations with countries such as Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. The official currency of Lebanon is the Lebanese pound (LBP), which is pegged to the US dollar.


Lebanon has a population of approximately 6 million people, with a diverse mix of ethnicities. The majority of the population is Arab (95%), with small communities of Armenians, Kurds, and Assyrians. The country's official language is Arabic, but French and English are widely spoken.

The population of Lebanon is relatively young, with a median age of 31 years. The country also has a high literacy rate of 93.9%, with a strong emphasis on education.


Lebanon's culture is a fusion of various influences, including Arab, Mediterranean, and Western. The country is known for its vibrant arts scene, with a rich tradition of music, literature, and cinema. Traditional Lebanese music and dance are an essential part of the country's cultural heritage.

Lebanon is also famous for its cuisine, which includes a variety of dishes influenced by Arab, Mediterranean, and French cuisines. The country's national dish is kibbeh, a mixture of ground meat and bulgur wheat.

Languages and Religion:

The official language of Lebanon is Arabic, but French and English are widely spoken. The country also has several regional dialects, including Lebanese Arabic and Syriac.

Lebanon has a diverse religious landscape, with the majority of the population being Muslim (61%) and Christian (33%). The country is home to several significant religious sites, including the Temple of Bacchus in Baalbek and the Al-Omari Mosque in Sidon.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

Lebanon has a well-developed education system, with a literacy rate of 93.9%. The country has several prestigious universities, including the American University of Beirut and the Lebanese American University.

The healthcare system in Lebanon is also highly developed, with both public and private hospitals providing quality medical care. The country has made significant progress in improving its healthcare infrastructure in recent years.

Sports and Recreation:

Sports play an essential role in Lebanese culture, with football (soccer) being the most popular sport. The country has produced several world-class athletes, including former NBA player Rony Seikaly and Olympic skier Jackie Chamoun.

Lebanon's diverse landscape also offers plenty of opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, skiing, and water sports. The country's stunning beaches and mountains attract tourists from around the world.


Lebanon is a popular tourist destination, known for its ancient ruins, vibrant cities, and stunning natural beauty. The country has several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the ancient city of Baalbek and the Anjar Umayyad Ruins.

Other popular tourist attractions include the Jeita Grotto, a series of interconnected caves, and the historic city of Byblos, one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Lebanon also offers a variety of activities such as skiing in the mountains, shopping in Beirut's souks, and relaxing on the beaches of Tyre.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

Foreign visitors to Lebanon must have a valid passport and obtain a visa before arrival. The country also requires visitors to have proof of sufficient funds to cover their stay and a return or onward ticket.

Lebanon has a moderate risk of crime, and visitors are advised to take precautions such as avoiding walking alone at night and keeping valuables safe. The country also has strict laws regarding drugs, alcohol, and public displays of affection.

The official currency in Lebanon is the Lebanese pound (LBP), but US dollars are widely accepted. Credit cards are also accepted in most establishments. The cost of living in Lebanon is relatively high compared to other countries in the region.


"Lebanon is a mosaic of cultures, religions, and civilizations, living together in harmony." - Najib Mikati

"Lebanon is a country that has always been more than its politics." - Rabih Alameddine


Lebanon is a country with a rich history, diverse culture, and stunning natural beauty. Despite facing political and social challenges in recent years, the country remains a popular tourist destination. With its ancient ruins, vibrant cities, and breathtaking scenery, Lebanon offers visitors a unique and unforgettable experience. As the country continues to develop and overcome its challenges, it will undoubtedly remain a must-visit destination for travelers around the world.

Lebanon Highest Point Name

The highest point in Lebanon is Mount Sannine, which stands at 2,628 meters (8,625 feet) above sea level.

Lebanon Capital Longitude

is : 35.5133 Lebanon country capital latitude is : 33.8986

Lebanon Capital Latitude

Beirut is the capital of Lebanon and its latitude is 33.8938° N.

Lebanon Official Languages

The two official languages of Lebanon are Arabic and French.

Lebanon Ethnic Groups

In Lebanon, the main ethnic groups are Arab, Armenian, and Kurdish. Other ethnicities that make up the population include Assyrian, Greek, Circassian, Maronite, Druze, and Turcoman. The majority of the population is of Arab background, comprising about 95% of the total population. The majority of Lebanese people are either Maronite or Sunni Muslim, although other religious sects are also represented, including Shia and Druze. Despite their unity, the ethnic and religious differences of the Lebanese people have long been a source of conflict in the country.

Lebanon Religions

Lebanon's population is primarily composed of a diverse mixture of religions, including Islam (50.5%), Christianity (40.6%), Druze (5.6%), and others (3.3%). Among the Christian sects, Maronite Christians make up the largest group, followed by Greek Orthodox, Melkite Greek Catholic, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox, Assyrian, and Protestant. Other Islamic sects include Shia Muslims (27%) and Sunni Muslims (27%). Druze, an offshoot of Ismailism, is practiced in the eastern part of the nation. The Lebanese Constitution grants freedom of religion to the people and is the only Arab nation that officially recognizes the freedom of religion for all areas of life.

Lebanon Total Area

The total land area of Lebanon is 10,452 km2 (4,036 sq mi).

Lebanon Land Area

Lebanon has a total land area of 10,452 km2 (4,036 sq mi).

Lebanon Water Area

Lebanon has no permanent surface water bodies. Its main source of water is groundwater, collected from two main aquifers. These are the Litani River Basin Aquifer, located in the south of Lebanon, and the Beirut-Mount Lebanon Aquifer, located in the north and east of the country. In 2005, Lebanon estimated that the total amount of available water in the country was 4.8 km^3/year.

Lebanon Total Population

growthAccording to the World Bank, Lebanon's total population has increased by 18.36% since 2010, reaching 6.81 million in 2019.

Lebanon Currency Name

The official currency of Lebanon is the Lebanese Pound (LBP).

Lebanon Currency Code

The currency code for Lebanon is LBP.

Lebanon Currency Symbol

LBP (Lebanese pound)

Lebanon Time Zones

  • UTC+02:00

Lebanon's official time zone is Eastern European Time (EET), which is two hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+2). Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Lebanon. Thus, clocks in Lebanon never change throughout the year. As Lebanon is located within a moderately broad longitudinal range, sunrise and sunset respectively occur at around 6:00am and 6:00pm local time all year round, with minimal variation.

Lebanon Calling Code

is + 961The international dialing format to call Lebanon is: + 961 xxx xxxx

Lebanon Internet TLD


How to Say "Lebanon" In Different Languages?

Líbano (es-ES)
Líbano (pt-BR)
黎巴嫩 (zh-CN)
Libanon (da-DK)
Libanon (fi-FI)
Liban (fr-FR)
Libanon (de-DE)
Λίβανος (el-GR)
लेबनान (hi-IN)
Libano (it-IT)
レバノン (ja-JP)
레바논 (ko-KR)
Libanon (nl-NL)
Liban (pl-PL)
Ливан (ru-RU)
لبنان (ar-SA)
Libanon (sv-SE)
ลาบาน (th-TH)
Lübnan (tr-TR)
Ліван (uk-UA)

Lebanon Popular Holidays

New Year’s Day
1 January
International Day
1 January
Feast of the Circumcision
1 January
Feast of the Casting of Lot
7 January
Lebanese Flag Day
7 February
Feast of St. Maron
9 February
Shrove Tuesday
13 February
Lebanese Woman’s Day
8 March
Father’s Day
18 March
21 March
Mother’s Day
21 March
Feast of the Annunciation
25 March
Good Friday
30 March
31 March
Easter Monday
2 April
Martyr's Day
14 April
Lebanon National Day
17 April
Mawlid An-Nabawi
17 April
Anniversary of Prophet Muhammad’s Ascent
17 April
1989 Earthquake
17 April
Feast of the Falling of the Wall of Jerusalem
17 April
Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday
20 April
Earth Day
22 April
Feast of the Holy Spirit
24 April
Feast of St. Mark
25 April
Labour Day
1 May
Feast of St. Joseph the Worker
1 May
Feast of the Living
4 May
Feast of St. George
6 May
Night of the Ascension
13 May
Eid el-Fitr
24 May (26 May)
60th Anniversary of Liberation of South Lebanon
25 May
Feast of the Visitation
31 May
Unification Day
22 June
Feast of St. John the Baptist
24 June
Feast of Sts. Peter and Paul
29 June
Feast of Sts. Peter, Paul, and Barnabas
29 June
Feast of St. Thomas
3 July
The Day of Ashoura
10 July
Day of Shin el-ajal
10 July
10 July
Feast of St. Elias
20 July
Feast of St. Jacob
25 July
3 August (4 August)
Feast of the Dispersion
4 August
Feast of the Transfiguration
6 August
Eid el-Adha
10 August (15 August)
Feast of the Sacrifice
10 August (15 August)
Adha Feast
13 August (15 August)
Feast of Our Lady of the Mountain
15 August
Feast of the Assumption
15 August
Feast of St. Mary of the Summer
15 August
Feast of Our Lady of Lebanon
21 August
Blessed Virgin Mary Day
8 September
Feast of the Holy Cross
14 September
Feast of St. Matthew
21 September
Feast of Tabernacles
24 September
Fast of Gedalia
3 October
Feast of St. Francis of Assisi
4 October
Feast of the Virgin Mary of the Rosary
7 October
Rosary Day
7 October
Feast of St. Luke
18 October
Feast of All Saints
1 November
Lebanese Independence Day
22 November
Federation Day
22 November
Feast of St. Andrew
30 November
Feast of St. Barbara
4 December
Feast of Our Lady of Japan
8 December
Hanging of the Greens
24 December
Christmas Eve
24 December
Feast of the Nativity
25 December
Christmas Day
25 December

We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Lebanon

National and Public Holidays in Lebanon next days/week/month/year

Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha is an Islamic holiday that honors the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim to follow God's command to sacrifice his son. It is celebrated by Muslims around the world and is seen as a time for families and friends to gather to share in the joy of the holiday. Traditionally, Muslims gather for prayer at mosques and community centers during the four-day celebration, and animals are slaughtered and shared among family, friends, and those in need. Gifts are also exchanged and hot meals prepared and served. Other activities may include recreational activities like music, dancing, and games.

Ashoura in Lebanon

"Ashoura, a national festival in Lebanon, is a vibrant expression of the country's rich cultural heritage and religious diversity. From solemn processions to lively street markets, this traditional observance offers a unique insight into the country's traditions and customs. Immerse yourself in the sights, sounds, and flavors of Ashoura for an unforgettable Lebanese holiday experience."

Eidul Adha

Eidul Adha is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide. It marks the end of the Hajj pilgrimage and honors Abraham’s willingness to obey God by sacrificing his son Ishmael. During the three-day holiday, Muslims attend special communal prayers, share meals, give gifts, and remember the importance of faith and sacrifice. Some Muslims may also sacrifice an animal as a representation of Abraham’s faith. The holiday also serves as an opportunity to strengthen family and social ties, build goodwill and compassion among Muslim communities, give to the poor, and reduce stress and hardship. Eidul Adha is a celebration of submission to God — and a reminder of the importance of faith in one’s life.


Asura holiday is an annual Shi'a Muslim event commemorating the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali in the Battle of Karbala. It is marked by mourning and remembrance of Husayn's suffering.

Vigil of Assumption Day

Assumption Day is a public holiday in many countries. It is celebrated on August 15th, and marks the day when Catholics believe the Virgin Mary was taken up into Heaven. Celebrations usually include processions, masses, music, food, and traditional dancing.

St. Mary’s Day in August 15

St. Mary’s Day is an annual Catholic holiday celebrated on August 15 in many countries around the world. It is dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus, and honors her as a special protector of the faithful. On this day, special Masses are held in Catholic churches with a special emphasis on Mary’s intercession. Devotional activities and religious ceremonies typically accompany this festive occasion. Gifts and flowers are often brought to Mary’s shrines and grottos.


Muharram is the first month of the Islamic lunar calendar and marks a time of remembrance for Muslims. It begins with a holiday that includes prayer ceremonies, mourning and remembrances of martyrdom. It's an important event for the Islamic community.

The Prophet’s Birthday in Lebanon

The Prophet’s Birthday in Lebanon is a joyous festival celebrated with much enthusiasm. This vibrant, colorful holiday is a celebration of the birth of Prophet Mohammad, the founder of the Islamic faith. Revelers come out in full force from all parts of the country to participate in the festivities that recognize the many contributions that the Prophet made to the world and to the Nation of Lebanon.

All Saints’ Day

All Saints' Day is a Christian holy day celebrated on November 1 and observes all the saints, known and unknown. It is a day to remember all that has been lost this year and honor those who have gone before us. It is also a day to reflect on the lives of those saints and give thanks for their examples of faith and love.

All Souls’ Day

All Souls' Day is a Catholic holiday to commemorate and remember members of the faithful departed. It is celebrated annually on November 2 with prayers, Masses, and visitations to cemeteries where loved ones are buried.

Upcoming Festivals in Lebanon

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days


Eid al-Fitr is a Muslim holiday celebrated to mark the end of the holy month of Ramadan, which is a month of fasting and spiritual reflection. It is an occasion of joy for Muslims around the world. It is celebrated by the exchange of gifts, feasting on traditional dishes, and attending prayer services. Muslims often dress in their finest clothing and share special visits with family and friends. Eid al-Fitr marks a time of celebration, joy, and thanksgiving for Muslims who have spent the month of Ramadan fasting and praying.

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