A Closer Look at Czech Republic
Czech Republic Flag
Czech Republic Formation Date
January 1, 1993
Czech Republic Capital Name
Czech Republic Neighbours
Exploring Czech Republic
Discover the Charm and Rich Heritage of Czech RepublicCzech Republic, located in Central Europe, is a landlocked country known for its picturesque landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture. Bordered by Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria, this small but significant country has a lot to offer to travelers. With a population of over 10 million people, Czech Republic boasts of a diverse society with a strong sense of national identity. Let's delve deeper into this fascinating country and uncover its hidden gems.
- Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria.
- The country is known for its stunning landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture.
- Czech Republic has a diverse society with a strong sense of national identity.
GeographyCzech Republic is a land of contrasts, with its landscape ranging from rolling hills to towering mountains. The country is blessed with an abundance of natural resources such as coal, timber, and agricultural land. The climate in Czech Republic is temperate with warm summers and cold winters. The country experiences all four seasons, making it an ideal destination for outdoor enthusiasts.
Physical FeaturesThe Czech landscape is dominated by the Bohemian Massif in the west and the Carpathian Mountains in the east. The highest peak in the country is Sněžka at 1,603 meters. The Vltava River runs through the capital city of Prague, dividing it into two parts. The Morava River also flows through the eastern part of the country.
Natural ResourcesCzech Republic is rich in natural resources such as coal, timber, and fertile agricultural land. The country is also known for its mineral springs, which have been used for medicinal purposes for centuries.
Climate and Weather PatternsCzech Republic has a temperate climate with warm summers and cold winters. The average temperature in summer is around 25°C, while in winter, it can drop to -5°C. The country experiences rainfall throughout the year, with the heaviest precipitation occurring in the summer months.
Origin and HistoryCzech Republic has a long and fascinating history, dating back to ancient civilizations. The first known inhabitants of the region were the Celts, followed by Germanic tribes and Slavic peoples. In the 9th century, the Great Moravian Empire was formed, which was later conquered by the Czechs. The country went through several changes of power, including being under the rule of the Holy Roman Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In 1918, Czechoslovakia was formed, which eventually split into two countries in 1993 – Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Government and PoliticsCzech Republic is a parliamentary democracy with a multi-party political system. The country is divided into 14 administrative regions and one capital city. It has a strong tradition of democracy and is a member of various international organizations such as the European Union, NATO, and the United Nations.
Political SystemThe political system in Czech Republic is based on a parliamentary democracy, where the President is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government. The country follows a multi-party system, with elections held every four years.
Administrative DivisionsCzech Republic is divided into 14 administrative regions, each with its own elected council and governor. Prague is a separate administrative region and serves as the capital city of the country.
Foreign RelationsCzech Republic has strong diplomatic ties with other countries and is a member of various international organizations. The country also has a history of maintaining friendly relations with its neighbors, which has contributed to its stability and growth.
Borders and Geopolitical RelationshipsCzech Republic shares borders with Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria. The country has had a long-standing relationship with these neighboring countries, which has played a crucial role in its development.
Commerce and EconomyCzech Republic has a thriving economy with a strong focus on industrial production and exports. The country's main economic sectors include manufacturing, agriculture, and services. It is also known for its highly skilled workforce and favorable business environment.
Economic SectorsThe manufacturing sector is the largest contributor to Czech Republic's economy, with industries such as automobiles, machinery, and electronics leading the way. Agriculture is also an important sector, with the country being a major producer of wheat, barley, and potatoes.
Trade RelationsCzech Republic has strong trade relations with other countries, particularly within the European Union. Its main export partners include Germany, Slovakia, Poland, and France. The country's main exports include machinery, vehicles, and electronics.
CurrencyThe official currency of Czech Republic is the Czech koruna (CZK). It is one of the most stable currencies in Europe and is widely accepted throughout the country.
DemographicsCzech Republic has a population of over 10 million people, with the majority being of Czech ethnicity. The country also has significant minority groups such as Slovaks, Germans, and Roma. The population is predominantly urban, with around 74% living in cities.
Population DistributionThe population in Czech Republic is mostly concentrated in urban areas, with the largest city being Prague. The country has a high population density, with an average of 135 people per square kilometer.
EthnicityThe majority of the population in Czech Republic is of Czech ethnicity, followed by Slovaks, Germans, and Roma. The country also has a small but significant expat community.
Age StatisticsThe median age in Czech Republic is 43 years, with a relatively older population compared to other European countries. The life expectancy is around 77 years for men and 83 years for women.
CultureCzech Republic has a rich cultural heritage, with a strong influence from its neighboring countries. The country is known for its art, music, festivals, traditions, and holidays.
ArtCzech Republic has a long tradition of art, with famous artists such as Alfons Mucha and Gustav Klimt hailing from the country. The National Gallery in Prague houses an impressive collection of Czech art, ranging from medieval to modern times.
MusicMusic is an integral part of Czech culture, with classical music being particularly popular. The country is also known for its folk music and traditional dances, which are often performed at festivals and celebrations.
Festivals and TraditionsCzech Republic celebrates a variety of festivals throughout the year, with some of the most popular ones being Easter and Christmas. The country also has unique traditions such as the lighting of Christmas trees on Christmas Eve and the burning of effigies on New Year's Eve.
Languages and ReligionCzech is the official language of Czech Republic, spoken by the majority of the population. Other regional dialects such as Moravian and Silesian are also spoken. The country has a diverse religious landscape, with the majority of the population being non-religious or atheist.
Major ReligionsThe largest religious group in Czech Republic is the non-religious or atheist population, followed by Catholics, Protestants, and Orthodox Christians. The country also has a small but significant Jewish community.
Societal InfluenceReligion does not play a significant role in Czech society, with most people identifying as non-religious or atheist. However, cultural traditions and customs are still deeply ingrained in the country's identity and are celebrated by people of all beliefs.
Education and Healthcare SystemsCzech Republic has a well-developed education and healthcare system, with high literacy rates and access to quality healthcare for its citizens.
StructureThe education system in Czech Republic follows a 9-year compulsory primary education, followed by secondary education. Higher education is also highly valued, with the country having some of the oldest and most prestigious universities in Europe.
Literacy RatesCzech Republic has a high literacy rate of over 99%, which is among the highest in the world. Education is highly valued in the country, and there is a strong emphasis on providing quality education to all citizens.
Healthcare SystemCzech Republic has a universal healthcare system, providing affordable and accessible healthcare to its citizens. The country also has a high number of doctors per capita, ensuring that people have access to quality medical care.
Public Health InitiativesThe government of Czech Republic places a strong emphasis on public health initiatives, with programs focused on promoting healthy lifestyles and preventing diseases. The country also has a well-developed vaccination program, ensuring that its citizens are protected against common illnesses.
Sports and RecreationCzech Republic has a strong sporting culture, with football being the most popular sport in the country. Other popular sports include ice hockey, tennis, and skiing. The country has also produced several world-renowned athletes, including tennis player Martina Navratilova and ice hockey player Jaromir Jagr.
National AchievementsCzech Republic has a long history of sporting achievements, with its national teams winning numerous medals in international competitions. The country has also hosted several major sporting events, including the Ice Hockey World Championships and the European Athletics Championships.
TourismCzech Republic is a popular tourist destination, attracting millions of visitors every year. The country is known for its stunning architecture, rich history, and vibrant culture.
Tourist AttractionsPrague, the capital city of Czech Republic, is a must-visit for tourists. It is home to many iconic landmarks such as the Charles Bridge, Prague Castle, and Old Town Square. Other popular tourist destinations include Cesky Krumlov, Karlovy Vary, and Brno.
Important PlacesCzech Republic is home to 12 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the historic center of Prague and the Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape. These sites attract a large number of tourists each year and are a testament to the country's rich history and cultural heritage.
ActivitiesThere are plenty of activities for tourists to enjoy in Czech Republic, from exploring historical sites to hiking in the countryside. The country also offers a variety of outdoor activities such as skiing, rafting, and cycling.
Infrastructure and TransportationCzech Republic has a well-developed infrastructure, making it easy for tourists to travel within the country. The transportation system includes trains, buses, and an extensive network of highways. The country also has a well-connected airport in Prague, making it easy for international visitors to access.
Travel Information for Foreign VisitorsIf you are planning to visit Czech Republic, here are some essential travel information and tips to make your trip hassle-free.
Visa RequirementsCitizens of the European Union, United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand do not need a visa to enter Czech Republic. However, visitors from other countries may require a Schengen visa. It is best to check with the Czech Embassy in your country for specific visa requirements.
Health and SafetyCzech Republic is a safe country to visit, with low crime rates. However, it is always advisable to take precautions and be aware of your surroundings. It is also recommended to have travel insurance to cover any unforeseen medical expenses.
Local Customs and EtiquetteCzech people are generally friendly and welcoming towards tourists. It is customary to greet people with a handshake and maintain eye contact while talking. Tipping is also expected in restaurants and for services such as taxis and hairdressers.
Currency and Payment MethodsThe official currency of Czech Republic is the Czech koruna (CZK). Credit cards are widely accepted in major cities, but it is always advisable to carry some cash for smaller purchases.
- "Prague never lets you go... this dear little mother has sharp claws." - Franz Kafka
- "Czechs are a nation of musicians, poets, and philosophers." - Jan Masaryk
- "Czech Republic is a fairy tale country, where every stone tells a story." - Unknown
SummaryCzech Republic is a small but significant country in Central Europe, known for its stunning landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture. With a strong sense of national identity and a well-developed economy, the country has much to offer to travelers. From exploring historical sites to enjoying outdoor activities, Czech Republic has something for everyone. With its friendly people, safe environment, and easy accessibility, it is no wonder that this charming country is becoming an increasingly popular tourist destination.
Czech Republic Highest Point Name
The highest point in the Czech Republic is Snezka (or Snow Mountain) and it stands at 1,603 metres ( 5,259 feet) in elevation.
Czech Republic Capital Longitude
Czech Republic Capital Latitude
Czech Republic Official Languages
The official language of the Czech Republic is Czech. It is used by the majority of the 10.7 million inhabitants of the country. Other recognised languages are Slovak, Polish, Romani, German, Ukrainian and Hungarian.
Czech Republic Ethnic Groups
The Czech Republic is a culturally and ethnically diverse country, comprising a number of distinct ethnic groups. Over 90% of the population are Czechs, descendants of the Slavic people who settled in the area in the 6th century AD. There are also significant populations of other Slavic ethnicities, most notably Poles and Ukrainians, as well as minorities of Romanians, Slovaks, Rusyns, Mongols and Turks. Additionally, more recent migrations have brought communities of Germans, Hungarians, Vietnamese, Vietnamese-Czech, and Roma. Although a number of Czechs have emigrated since the collapse of the socialist regime in 1989, the country remains ethnically and culturally vibrant and diverse.
Czech Republic Religions
The Czech Republic is a secular state with no official religion. The most widely practiced religions are Catholicism, with about 26.8% of the population claiming to be Catholic, followed by Protestantism (2.3%), and other Christian denominations (1.3%). Buddhism and Hinduism make up the remaining 0.2%. Around 44.2% of the population is unaffiliated with any organized religion or are members of non-Christian denominations. According to surveys, between 63% and 80% of the population believe in some form of religious or spiritual belief.
Czech Republic Total Area
The total area of the Czech Republic is 78,864 square kilometers (30,450 square miles).
Czech Republic Land Area
The total land area of the Czech Republic is 78,864 square kilometers.
Czech Republic Water Area
The Czech Republic has a total water surface area of 11,591 square kilometers. This area consists of two main sections. The first is the larger section, the Bohemian Basin, which comprises rivers and lakes of a few large rivers, the Elbe, Odra, and others. The second section is the Moravian-Silesian region, which consists mainly of smaller rivers and streams.
Czech Republic Total Population
The total population of the Czech Republic is 10,708,981 (as of July 2020).
Czech Republic Currency Name
The Czech Republic uses the Czech Koruna (CZK) as its currency.
Czech Republic Currency Code
Czech Republic Currency Symbol
The currency symbol for the Czech Republic is Kč.
Czech Republic Time Zones
- Standard Time: UTC+01:00
- Daylight Saving Time: UTC+02:00
The Czech Republic follows Central European Time (UTC+01:00) as the standard time zone for most of the country. Daylight Saving Time, or Summer Time, starts on the last Sunday in March at 02:00 UTC+02:00 and ends on the last Sunday in October at 03:00 UTC+01:00. This means that clocks are shifted forward by 1 hour on the last Sunday in March, and shifted back by one hour on the last Sunday in October. This pattern is consistent throughout the year, so the Czech Republic does not have to adjust their time zones twice in the same year.
Czech Republic Calling Code
Czech Republic Internet TLD
How to Say "Czech Republic" In Different Languages?
- República Checa (es-AR)
- Czech Republic (en-AU)
- RepúblicaCheca (pt-BR)
- République tchèque (fr-FR)
- Tschechische Republik (de-DE)
- Τσεχική Δημοκρατία (el-GR)
- Tékkland (is-IS)
- चेक गणराज्य (hi-IN)
- Republik Ceko (id-ID)
- Repubblica Ceca (it-IT)
- チェコ共和国 (ja-JP)
- 체코 공화국 (ko-KR)
- Czechy (pl-PL)
- Чехия (ru-RU)
- República Checa (es-ES)
- Tjeckien (sv-SE)
- Çek Cumhuriyeti (tr-TR)
- Чеська Республіка (uk-UA)
- Czech Republic (en-US)
- Cộng hòa Séc (vi-VN)
Czech Republic Popular Holidays
- New Year's Day
- 1 January
- Three Kings Day
- 06 January
- Valentine's Day
- 14 February
- Easter Monday
- 13 April
- Labor Day
- 1 May
- Liberation Day
- 8 May
- Mother's Day
- 12 May
- Whit Monday
- 24 May
- St. Cyril and St. Methodius Day
- 5 July
- Jan Hus Day
- 6 July
- St. Wenceslas Day
- 28 September
- Czech Statehood Day
- 28 September
- Independence Day
- 28 October
- All Souls' Day
- 2 November
- Christmas - Christian Orthodox
- 25 December
- St. Stephen's Day
- 26 December