Guyana

Guyana is a sovereign country in South America bordered by Brazil, Venezuela, and Suriname. It is the only English-speaking country in the region and is known as the Land of Many Waters. It has a tropical climate, beautiful coastline, and largely intact rainforest. Guyana is a diverse and vibrant country, full of fascinating landscapes, wildlife and friendly people.

Tourism in Guyana: A Comprehensive Guide for Travelers

Guyana, a small South American country nestled between Venezuela, Brazil, and Suriname, may not be the first destination that comes to mind when planning a trip. However, this hidden gem is a must-visit for any adventurous traveler looking to immerse themselves in a unique cultural experience. With its diverse landscapes, rich history, and vibrant festivals, Guyana has something for every type of tourist. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I am excited to introduce you to the festive spirit and captivating attractions of this beautiful country.

Introducing the Festive Spirit of Guyana

The people of Guyana are known for their warm hospitality and welcoming nature. This is especially evident during the country’s festive season, which runs from October to January. The streets come alive with colorful decorations, lively music, and mouth-watering food. The atmosphere is infectious, and tourists can’t help but get caught up in the joyous celebrations.

Unique Tourist Attractions in Guyana

One of the main draws of Guyana is its untouched natural beauty. The country is home to vast rainforests, stunning waterfalls, and diverse wildlife. One must-visit attraction is Kaieteur Falls, one of the world’s largest single-drop waterfalls. For wildlife enthusiasts, a visit to the Iwokrama Rainforest is a must. Here, you can spot rare species such as jaguars, giant otters, and harpy eagles.

For those interested in history and culture, a visit to Georgetown, the capital city, is a must. The city boasts beautiful colonial architecture and several museums that offer insight into Guyana’s past. Other popular attractions include the Rupununi Savannahs, Mount Roraima, and the Shell Beach.

Important Places to Visit in Guyana

While every part of Guyana has its unique charm, there are a few places that stand out as must-visit destinations. These include:

  • Kaieteur National Park
  • Iwokrama Rainforest
  • Georgetown
  • Rupununi Savannahs
  • Mount Roraima
  • Shell Beach

Activities to Enjoy in Guyana

There is no shortage of activities for tourists in Guyana. Some popular options include:

  • Hiking through the rainforest
  • Boat tours along the Essequibo River
  • Birdwatching in the Rupununi Savannahs
  • Visiting indigenous communities and learning about their way of life
  • Scuba diving and snorkeling in the crystal-clear waters of Shell Beach

Infrastructure and Transportation in Guyana

Guyana has a well-developed transportation system, making it easy for tourists to get around. The main mode of transportation is by bus, with several companies offering services between major cities. Taxis and rental cars are also available, but it’s essential to negotiate prices before getting into a taxi. For those looking for a more adventurous way to travel, domestic flights are available to some remote areas.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Before planning your trip to Guyana, there are a few essential things you should know.

Visa Requirements for Guyana

All foreign visitors require a visa to enter Guyana. The visa application process is relatively straightforward, and you can apply online or through the nearest Guyanese embassy or consulate. The cost of a visa varies depending on your nationality, and it’s essential to check the requirements before applying.

Health and Safety in Guyana

While Guyana is generally a safe country, it’s always wise to take precautions when traveling. Make sure to get all necessary vaccinations before your trip and take necessary medications, such as anti-malarial drugs. It’s also essential to have travel insurance that covers medical emergencies.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Guyanese people are friendly and welcoming, but it’s important to respect their customs and etiquette. It’s considered impolite to refuse food or drinks when offered, so it’s best to accept them graciously. When visiting indigenous communities, it’s essential to ask for permission before taking photos.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Guyana is the Guyanese dollar (GYD). While US dollars are widely accepted, it’s advisable to exchange some money into local currency for smaller purchases. Credit cards are accepted in major cities, but it’s best to carry cash for smaller establishments.

Festive Activities in Guyana

The festive season in Guyana is a time of celebration and joy. Here are some unique activities you can enjoy during this time:

  • Attend the annual Mashramani festival, a carnival-like celebration with colorful parades and street parties.
  • Join in on the Christmas celebrations, which include traditional dishes, caroling, and exchanging gifts.
  • Participate in the Phagwah festival, also known as Holi, where people celebrate by throwing colorful powder at each other.

These activities are deeply rooted in Guyanese traditions and offer a glimpse into the country’s culture.

Infrastructure and Transit during the Festive Season

The festive season in Guyana sees a surge in tourists, and as a result, the transportation system can become crowded. It’s advisable to book your transportation in advance, especially if you plan on traveling between cities. It’s also essential to be patient and allow for extra time when traveling during this busy period.

Accommodation Options in Guyana

Guyana offers a range of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference. Luxury hotels, guesthouses, and eco-lodges are available in major cities and popular tourist destinations. For budget travelers, there are also hostels and homestays available. During the festive season, it’s best to book your accommodation in advance to avoid disappointment.

Shopping and Souvenirs in Guyana

If you’re looking for unique souvenirs to take home, Guyana has plenty to offer. The main shopping districts are located in Georgetown, where you can find everything from local handicrafts to designer clothing. For an authentic shopping experience, head to the markets, such as Stabroek Market or Bourda Market. Here, you can find traditional items such as woven baskets, wooden carvings, and spices.

Technology and Connectivity in Guyana

Staying connected while traveling is essential, and fortunately, Guyana has good internet connectivity. Most hotels and restaurants offer free Wi-Fi, and SIM cards with data plans are available for purchase at the airport. Some useful apps for travelers include Google Maps for navigation, Google Translate for language translation, and Airbnb for booking accommodations.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures in Guyana

Guyana is committed to sustainable tourism practices, making it an ideal destination for eco-tourists. There are several eco-friendly lodges and tours that allow visitors to experience the country’s natural beauty while minimizing their impact on the environment. Outdoor activities such as hiking, birdwatching, and wildlife spotting are also popular among tourists.

Local Festivals and Events in Guyana

Aside from the major festivals mentioned earlier, there are also smaller local events taking place throughout the year. These include the Rupununi Rodeo, which showcases traditional cowboy skills, and the Bartica Regatta, a boat race held on the Essequibo River. These events offer a unique insight into the local culture and are worth attending if you happen to be in the area.

Practical Advice and Tips for Traveling to Guyana

Here are some practical tips to help you plan your trip to Guyana:

  • Research and budget for your trip beforehand, as prices may be higher during the festive season.
  • Be aware of your surroundings and avoid walking alone at night.
  • Respect the local customs and practices, such as covering up when visiting religious sites.
  • Carry a copy of your passport and other important documents with you at all times.
  • Keep emergency contact numbers handy in case of any unforeseen situations.

A Comprehensive Tourist Guide for Guyana

To make the most of your trip to Guyana, here is a comprehensive guide to help you plan your itinerary:

Best Time to Visit Guyana

The best time to visit Guyana is during the dry season, which runs from mid-February to mid-April. This is also when most festivals and events take place, making it an ideal time for tourists.

Not-to-be-Missed Events and Activities

Some of the must-see events and activities in Guyana include:

  • The Mashramani festival in February
  • The Phagwah festival in March
  • The Rupununi Rodeo in April
  • A boat tour along the Essequibo River
  • A visit to Kaieteur Falls
  • A hike through the Iwokrama Rainforest

Suitable Attire for Guyana

Guyana has a tropical climate, so lightweight, breathable clothing is recommended. However, if you plan on visiting the rainforest or higher altitudes, it’s advisable to bring warmer layers. It’s also essential to dress modestly when visiting religious sites.

Dos and Don’ts in Guyana

To show respect for the local culture, here are some dos and don’ts to keep in mind:

  • Do greet people with a smile and a handshake.
  • Don’t touch someone’s head without permission.
  • Do ask for permission before taking photos of people or their property.
  • Don’t litter or damage the environment.

Language Assistance

While English is the official language of Guyana, many locals also speak Creolese, a mix of English and various African languages. Here are some common phrases that may come in handy during your trip:

  • Hello – Hi/Hello
  • Thank you – Thanks/Thank you
  • How are you? – Wah gwan?/How yuh doin?
  • Excuse me – ‘Scuse me
  • Where is…? – Weh deh…?

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergencies, here are some essential contact numbers to keep in mind:

  • Police – 911
  • Ambulance – 913
  • Fire – 912
  • Tourist Police – +592-226-1929

In conclusion, Guyana offers a unique and unforgettable experience for travelers. With its rich culture, stunning landscapes, and vibrant festivals, it’s a destination that should be on every adventurer’s bucket list. By following this comprehensive guide, you’ll be well-equipped to make the most of your trip to this beautiful country. So pack your bags and get ready to experience the warmth and hospitality of Guyana!

Exploring the Country Statistics of Guyana

Guyana, officially known as the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a country located on the northern coast of South America. It is the only English-speaking country in South America and is bordered by Venezuela, Brazil, and Suriname. With a diverse population and a rich history, Guyana has a lot to offer. In this article, we will delve into the country’s statistics and explore some interesting facts about this beautiful nation.

Population and Demographics

According to the latest estimates from the World Bank, Guyana has a population of approximately 786,552 people. The country has a relatively young population, with a median age of 26 years. The majority of the population (about 90%) resides in urban areas, with the capital city of Georgetown being the most populous city.

Guyana has a diverse population, with people of Indian, African, Amerindian, Chinese, and European descent. The largest ethnic group is Indo-Guyanese (about 39%), followed by Afro-Guyanese (about 29%). The remaining population consists of Amerindians (9%), mixed race (20%), and other ethnicities.

Economy and GDP

Guyana’s economy is primarily based on agriculture, mining, and services. The country is rich in natural resources such as gold, bauxite, timber, and oil. In recent years, the discovery of large oil reserves has significantly boosted the country’s economy.

According to the World Bank, Guyana’s GDP was $4.27 billion in 2020, with a growth rate of -12.1%. However, with the start of oil production in 2020, the country’s GDP is expected to grow significantly in the coming years.

Tourism and Attractions

Guyana is a country with a diverse landscape, from lush rainforests to beautiful beaches and historic landmarks. It is also home to the famous Kaieteur Falls, one of the world’s highest single-drop waterfalls.

In recent years, Guyana has been promoting ecotourism, with a focus on sustainable and responsible travel. The country offers various activities such as birdwatching, hiking, and wildlife safaris. It is also a popular destination for adventure seekers, with opportunities for kayaking, white-water rafting, and zip-lining.

Education and Literacy

Education is highly valued in Guyana, with the government providing free education up to the secondary level. According to the World Bank, the country has a literacy rate of 86%, with slightly more males (87%) being literate compared to females (85%).

The University of Guyana, founded in 1963, is the country’s only public university. It offers undergraduate and graduate programs in various fields of study.

Healthcare and Life Expectancy

Guyana’s healthcare system is primarily funded by the government, and there are both public and private healthcare facilities available. According to the World Health Organization, the country has made significant progress in reducing maternal and child mortality rates in recent years.

The life expectancy in Guyana is 70 years for both males and females. However, there are still challenges in providing adequate healthcare services to remote areas of the country.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Guyana is a small but diverse country with a promising future. With its rich natural resources and growing economy, it has the potential to become a major player in the South American region. Its unique blend of cultures and beautiful landscapes make it an attractive destination for tourists. We hope this article has provided you with valuable insights into the country’s statistics and piqued your interest in exploring this hidden gem of South America

  • What is the capital of Guyana?
    The capital of Guyana is Georgetown.
  • What is the official language of Guyana?
    The official language of Guyana is English.
  • What is the currency used in Guyana?
    The currency used in Guyana is the Guyanese dollar (GYD).
  • What is the population of Guyana?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Guyana is 786,552.
  • What are the major religions in Guyana?
    The major religions in Guyana are Christianity, Hinduism, and Islam.
  • What is the national dish of Guyana?
    The national dish of Guyana is pepperpot, a meat stew made with cassareep (a syrup made from cassava root), hot peppers, and spices.
  • What are some popular dishes in Guyana?
    Some popular dishes in Guyana include roti, curry, cook-up rice, and metemgee (a fish and coconut milk stew).
  • What is the most popular music genre in Guyana?
    The most popular music genre in Guyana is chutney music, which combines Indian and Caribbean influences.
  • What are some traditional songs in Guyana?
    'Yellow Bird' and 'Rum and Coca-Cola' are two traditional songs that originated in Guyana.
  • What are some popular tourist destinations in Guyana?
    Some popular tourist destinations in Guyana include Kaieteur Falls, Shell Beach, and Iwokrama Rainforest.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Guyana?
    It depends on your nationality. Citizens of some countries may enter Guyana visa-free for a limited period, while others may require a visa. It is best to check with the nearest Guyanese embassy or consulate for specific visa requirements.
  • What is the best time to visit Guyana?
    The best time to visit Guyana is during the dry season, which runs from mid-September to mid-November and mid-February to mid-April.
  • What is the weather like in Guyana?
    Guyana has a tropical climate with high temperatures and humidity year-round. The average temperature ranges from 24°C (75°F) to 31°C (88°F).
  • What are some important cultural customs in Guyana?
    Some important cultural customs in Guyana include greeting others with a handshake, showing respect to elders, and removing shoes before entering someone's home.
  • Is it safe to travel to Guyana?
    While crime rates in Guyana are relatively low, travelers should take precautions and be aware of their surroundings, especially in urban areas.
  • What are some common modes of transportation in Guyana?
    Common modes of transportation in Guyana include buses, taxis, and minibuses. Domestic flights are also available for longer distances.
  • What languages are spoken in Guyana besides English?
    In addition to English, other languages spoken in Guyana include Creole, Hindi, and Urdu.
  • Is it customary to tip in Guyana?
    Tipping is not expected in Guyana, but it is appreciated for exceptional service.
  • Are credit cards widely accepted in Guyana?
    Credit cards are accepted at some hotels and larger establishments, but cash is the preferred form of payment in most places.
  • What is the voltage used in Guyana?
    The voltage used in Guyana is 110-120 volts, with Type A and Type B outlets. It is recommended to bring a universal adapter if your devices do not match this voltage.
  • What are some traditional crafts in Guyana?
    Some traditional crafts in Guyana include pottery, weaving, and woodcarving.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Guyana?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Guyana include handwoven baskets, hammocks, and wooden carvings.
  • Are there any health concerns for travelers in Guyana?
    Some health concerns for travelers in Guyana include malaria, dengue fever, and Zika virus. It is recommended to consult a doctor before traveling and take necessary precautions.
  • What is the emergency number in Guyana?
    The emergency number in Guyana is 911.
  • Do I need any vaccinations before traveling to Guyana?
    It is recommended to have routine vaccinations such as measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, and varicella (chickenpox) vaccine before traveling to Guyana. Additional vaccines may be required depending on your travel plans and medical history. It is best to consult with a doctor or travel health clinic for specific recommendations.
  • What is the time zone of Guyana?
    Guyana Standard Time (GYT) is 4 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
  • What is the country code for calling Guyana?
    The country code for calling Guyana is +592.
  • Can I use my cell phone in Guyana?
    It is best to check with your cell phone provider for international roaming options and rates. Alternatively, you can purchase a local SIM card upon arrival in Guyana.
  • What are some important documents to bring when traveling to Guyana?
    Some important documents to bring when traveling to Guyana include a valid passport, visa (if required), travel insurance, and proof of vaccinations.
  • What is the dress code in Guyana?
    The dress code in Guyana is generally casual, but it is recommended to dress modestly when visiting religious sites or rural areas.
  • What are some common greetings in Guyana?
    Common greetings in Guyana include 'hello' and 'good morning/afternoon/evening.'
  • What are some popular festivals and events in Guyana?
    Some popular festivals and events in Guyana include Mashramani (a celebration of the country's independence), Phagwah (Holi), and Diwali.
  • What are some traditional dances in Guyana?
    Some traditional dances in Guyana include the Jig (a dance of African origin) and the Dandee (a dance of Indian origin).
  • What are some important historical sites to visit in Guyana?
    Some important historical sites to visit in Guyana include Fort Zeelandia, St. George's Cathedral, and the Walter Roth Museum of Anthropology.
  • What are some popular outdoor activities in Guyana?
    Some popular outdoor activities in Guyana include hiking, birdwatching, and fishing.
  • Can I drink tap water in Guyana?
    It is recommended to stick to bottled or filtered water while in Guyana. Tap water may be safe to drink in some areas, but it is best to err on the side of caution.
  • What are some common forms of entertainment in Guyana?
    Common forms of entertainment in Guyana include watching cricket matches, attending concerts and festivals, and going to the cinema.
  • What is the national airline of Guyana?
    The national airline of Guyana is Caribbean Airlines.
  • What are some popular dishes in Guyana?
    Some popular dishes in Guyana include roti, curry, cook-up rice, and metemgee (a fish and coconut milk stew).
  • Is there a dress code for visiting religious sites in Guyana?
    It is recommended to dress modestly when visiting religious sites in Guyana. This may include covering your shoulders and legs, and removing shoes before entering a temple or mosque.
  • What is the legal drinking age in Guyana?
    The legal drinking age in Guyana is 18 years old.
  • Are there any prohibited items I cannot bring into Guyana?
    Some prohibited items that cannot be brought into Guyana include illegal drugs, weapons, and plants or animals without proper permits.
  • What is the driving side in Guyana?
    In Guyana, cars drive on the left side of the road.
  • Do I need an international driver's license to drive in Guyana?
    If you have a valid driver's license from your home country, you can drive in Guyana for up to three months. After that, an international driver's license may be required.

A Closer Look at Guyana

Guyana Flag

Guyana

Guyana Formation Date

May 26, 1966

Guyana Capital Name

Georgetown

Guyana Neighbours

  1. Brazil Brazil
  2. Suriname Suriname
  3. Venezuela Venezuela

Exploring Guyana

Introduction

Guyana, located on the northern coast of South America, is a country steeped in history and culture. With a diverse population, stunning natural landscapes, and a rich heritage, Guyana has much to offer to visitors. Its name is derived from an indigenous word meaning "land of many waters," a nod to the numerous rivers and waterfalls that flow through the country. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I have had the privilege of exploring this beautiful country and am excited to share my insights with you.

Key Takeaways

- Guyana is located on the northern coast of South America. - Its name means "land of many waters." - The country boasts diverse landscapes, a rich history, and vibrant culture.

Geography

Guyana is situated between Venezuela to the west, Brazil to the south, and Suriname to the east. It is the only English-speaking country in South America, owing to its British colonial past. The country is known for its lush rainforests, vast savannas, and stunning waterfalls. It is also home to the famous Kaieteur Falls, one of the world's highest single-drop waterfalls. The natural resources of Guyana include gold, diamonds, bauxite, timber, and fish. The country's climate is tropical, with two distinct seasons - a rainy season from May to August and a dry season from September to April. Temperatures range from 70°F to 90°F year-round.

Origin and History

Guyana has a long and fascinating history dating back thousands of years. The first inhabitants were indigenous Amerindian tribes who lived off the land and left behind impressive archaeological sites. In the 16th century, European explorers arrived in Guyana, followed by Dutch and British colonizers who established plantations and brought enslaved Africans to work on them. After gaining independence from Britain in 1966, Guyana faced political instability and economic challenges. However, in recent years, the country has made significant progress in stabilizing its government and economy, making it an attractive destination for investors and tourists alike.

Government and Politics

Guyana is a democratic republic with a presidential system of government. The country is divided into ten administrative regions, each with its own elected regional council. The president is both the head of state and government, and the National Assembly serves as the legislative branch. Foreign relations play a crucial role in Guyana's political landscape. The country maintains strong ties with its Caribbean and South American neighbors and has established partnerships with other countries worldwide. Guyana also has ongoing border disputes with both Venezuela and Suriname, which have been a source of tension in the region.

Commerce and Economy

Guyana's economy is largely based on agriculture, mining, and forestry. The country is one of the world's top producers of bauxite and gold, with significant reserves of other minerals such as diamonds and manganese. In recent years, there has been a push to diversify the economy, with increased focus on sectors such as tourism, information technology, and renewable energy. The country's main trading partners include the United States, Canada, China, and Brazil. The official currency of Guyana is the Guyanese dollar, but US dollars are widely accepted. The government has implemented several initiatives to attract foreign investment and improve the business climate in the country.

Demographics

Guyana has a population of approximately 800,000 people, with a mix of ethnicities including East Indians, Africans, Amerindians, Europeans, Chinese, and Portuguese. The majority of the population lives along the coast, with smaller communities scattered throughout the interior regions. The country's population is relatively young, with a median age of 26 years. The official language is English, but other languages such as Creole, Hindi, and Urdu are also spoken. Christianity is the dominant religion, followed by Hinduism and Islam.

Culture

Guyana's culture is a vibrant blend of indigenous, African, Indian, and European influences. The country's rich history is reflected in its art, music, festivals, traditions, and holidays. Traditional crafts such as pottery, basket weaving, and woodcarving are still practiced by many indigenous communities. One of the most famous festivals in Guyana is Mashramani, which celebrates the country's independence with colorful parades, music, and dancing. Another popular event is Phagwah, a Hindu festival that marks the beginning of spring with vibrant colors and water play.

Languages and Religion

English is the official language of Guyana, but there are several regional dialects spoken throughout the country. These include Guyanese Creole, which has roots in English, Portuguese, and African languages. Other languages such as Hindi, Urdu, and Chinese are also spoken by smaller communities. Christianity is the dominant religion in Guyana, with approximately 57% of the population identifying as Christian. Hinduism and Islam are also practiced by significant portions of the population. These religions have a strong influence on Guyanese society and culture.

Education and Healthcare Systems

Guyana has made significant progress in improving its education system in recent years. The country has a literacy rate of over 90%, with primary and secondary education being free and compulsory. There are also several universities and technical institutes that offer higher education opportunities. The healthcare system in Guyana has improved significantly in recent years but still faces challenges in providing adequate care to all citizens. The government has implemented several initiatives to improve access to healthcare, including the construction of new hospitals and clinics in rural areas.

Sports and Recreation

Cricket is the most popular sport in Guyana, with the national team achieving international success. Other popular sports include football, basketball, and volleyball. The country also has a strong tradition of track and field, with several Olympic medals won by Guyanese athletes. Nature lovers will find plenty to do in Guyana, with opportunities for hiking, birdwatching, and wildlife spotting. The country's vast rainforests and diverse landscapes make it a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts.

Tourism

Guyana may not be on the top of everyone's travel list, but it has much to offer to adventurous travelers. The country's natural beauty is a major draw, with attractions such as Kaieteur Falls, Iwokrama Rainforest, and Shell Beach. Visitors can also explore the country's rich history and culture through its many museums, historic sites, and cultural events. Infrastructure and transportation in Guyana are still developing, but there are options for both budget and luxury travel. The main international airport is located in the capital city of Georgetown, with domestic flights available to other regions. There are also bus services and taxis for getting around the country.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

- Visa Requirements: Visitors from most countries require a visa to enter Guyana. This can be obtained from a Guyanese embassy or consulate before arrival. - Health and Safety: It is recommended to get vaccinated against diseases such as yellow fever and malaria before traveling to Guyana. Visitors should also take precautions against mosquito bites and avoid drinking tap water. - Local Customs and Etiquette: Guyanese people are known for their warm hospitality, but visitors should be respectful of local customs and traditions. It is customary to greet people with a handshake and to remove shoes before entering someone's home. - Currency and Payment Methods: The official currency is the Guyanese dollar, but US dollars are widely accepted. Credit cards are accepted in larger cities, but it is recommended to carry cash for smaller purchases. - Sources: Use reputable sources for travel information, such as the official website of the Guyana Tourism Authority or travel publications such as Lonely Planet. - Examples: A meal at a local restaurant can cost around $10 USD, while a night at a budget hotel can range from $30-$50 USD. - Places: Must-visit places include Kaieteur Falls, Iwokrama Rainforest, and Georgetown's historic Stabroek Market. - Prices: Prices for activities and tours can vary depending on the season and location. It is recommended to research and book in advance to get the best deals.

Quotes

"Guyana is a land of many waters, with a rich history and vibrant culture." - Unknown "Kaieteur Falls is one of the most breathtaking sights I have ever seen." - Traveler's review "Guyana's people are some of the warmest and friendliest I have encountered on my travels." - Unknown

Conclusion

In conclusion, Guyana may be a small country, but it has much to offer to travelers seeking an off-the-beaten-path destination. With its stunning natural landscapes, diverse culture, and warm hospitality, Guyana is a hidden gem waiting to be discovered. As the country continues to develop and grow, it will undoubtedly become a must-visit destination for tourists from around the world. So why not add Guyana to your travel bucket list? You won't regret it.

Guyana Highest Point Name

The highest point in Guyana is Mount Roraima, which stands at 2,782 metres (9,114 ft) above sea level and is located in the Pakaraima range in the extreme southwest corner of Guyana.

Guyana Capital Longitude

Georgetown, Guyana is the capital of Guyana and its longitude is -58.15772

Guyana Capital Latitude

Georgetown, 6°49'N

Guyana Official Languages

English is the official language of Guyana. English is used in government and legal settings, education, and for everyday work and communications. Other languages spoken in Guyana include Akawaio, Arawak, Carib, Wai-Wai, Macushi, Patamona, and Wapishana.

Guyana Ethnic Groups

Guyana, being a multi-ethnic nation, has people of various ethnic backgrounds. The majority of the population is of East Indian (approximately 43%) and Afro-Guyanese (approximately 30%) descent. Large groups of Amerindians (approximately 9%), Chinese (5%) and Portuguese (4%) also reside in Guyana. There are also small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese and Syrians. The overwhelming majority of the population is Christian.

Guyana Religions

The main religions practiced in Guyana are Christianity, Hinduism, and Islam. Over 50% of the population identify as Christian, especially Evangelical Protestant and Pentecostal denominations. About 28% of the population practices Hinduism, with a lot of Shiva worship, and 18% of the population identify as Muslim. Other religions practiced in Guyana are the Baháʼí Faith, Judaism, and Buddhism.

Guyana Total Area

The total area of Guyana is 214,970 square kilometers (83,000 sq mi), slightly larger than the United Kingdom, slightly smaller than Idaho.

Guyana Land Area

214,969 km2

Guyana Water Area

Guyana has a total water area of approximately 11,000 sq km (4,250 sq mi). This area includes Georgetown, the capital city and the primary port of the country. Other major rivers and streams in the country include the Essequibo, the Berbice, the Demerara and the Mazaruni Rivers.

Guyana Total Population

The estimated total population of Guyana in 2020 is 786,559.

Guyana Currency Name

The currency used in Guyana is the Guyanese dollar (GYD).

Guyana Currency Code

The currency code for Guyana is GYD.

Guyana Currency Symbol

The currency symbol for Guyana is GYD.

Guyana Time Zones

  • UTC-04:00

Guyana's time zone is UTC-04:00 year-round. Daylight Saving Time is not observed in the country. The time is not shifted forward by one hour at any point.

Guyana Calling Code

+592

Guyana Internet TLD

www.aveholidays.gy

How to Say "Guyana" In Different Languages?

Chinese
圭亚那 (zh-CN)
Czech
Guyana (cs-CZ)
French
Guyane (fr-FR)
German
Guyana (de-DE)
Greek
Γουιάνα (el-GR)
Hindi
गुयाना (hi-IN)
Indonesian
Guyana (id-ID)
Hebrew
גיאנה (he-IL)
Italian
Guyana (it-IT)
Japanese
ガイアナ (ja-JP)
Dutch
Guyana (nl-NL)
Yoruba
Guyana (yo-NG)
Hausa
Guyana (ha-NG)
Igbo
Guyana (ig-NG)
Urdu
گیانا (ur-PK)
Filipino
Guyana (tl-PH)
Polish
Gujana (pl-PL)
Romanian
Guyana (ro-RO)
Spanish
Guyana (es-ES)
Thai
กายอานา (th-TH)

Guyana Popular Holidays

Saraband Day
2 January
Tusu Puja
2 January
Mela Santipada
5 January
Hello Mas Day
23 January
Pavitrapuja
1 February
Youth Day
2 February
Festival of the Maha Shivratri
4 February
Birth of Prophet Muhammad
7 February
Hosay
10 February
Vasant Panchami
16 February
Mashramani
23 February
Republic Day
23 February
Festival of Negritude (Black Awareness Day)
24 February
Holi
11 March
Rati Puja
17 March
Festival of Holi
17 March
Berbice Festival of Culture
20 March
Phagwah
21 March
Good Friday
2 April
Good Friday
2 April
Easter Sunday
4 April
Kadam
5 April
Chaitra Purnima
13 April
Ramadan
13 April
Rama Navami
13 April
Rama Navami
13 April
Belthi Puja
18 April
End of Ramadan
24 April
Kamada Ekadashi
29 April
Labour Day
1 May
Indian Arrival Day
5 May
Festival of the Cow
7 May
Akshaya Tritiya
7 May
Festival of the First Fruits of the Rice Harvest
22 May
Eid ul-Fitr
24 May
Independence Day
26 May
Baruni Festival
4 June
Kirpan Day
14 July
Festival of the Kabouters
30 July
Eid ul-Adha
31 July
Festival of Rama
31 July
Day of the African Blade
4 August
Festival of Guiana
5 August
Indigenous Peoples' Heritage Day
9 August
Rani haar Panchami
10 August
Eid ul-Zuha
11 August
Caribs' Anniversary Day
15 August
Berbice Agricultural Fair & Miss Berbice Beauty Pageant
15 August
Chikungunya Day
18 August
Festival of the Yourths and of the Offerings of the Corn
25 August
Bacchanal
27 August
Annual Anniversary of Trade Guilds
3 September
Festival of Vishwakarma
17 September
International Day of Peace
21 September
Gaudavira
16 October
Creole Day
28 October
Whipped Pudding Day
30 October
Festival of the Jack-O'-Lantern
31 October
Chhath Puja
1 November
National Day of Mourning
1 November
Diwali
4 November
Night of Fire Festival
7 November
Diwali Padwa
9 November
The Festival of Kartik Purnima
13 November
Republic of Suriname Day
25 November
Pichha Puja
26 November
Festival of the Aji Night
7 December
Portuguese Pudding Day
11 December
Festival of Radha
16 December
Saturnalia
17 December
Jahaji Bhai Akbar's Day
18 December
Famine Day
25 December

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Upcoming Holidays in Guyana

National and Public Holidays in Guyana next days/week/month/year

Mashramani (Republic Day) in Guyana

"Experience the vibrant celebrations of Mashramani, Guyana's national festival and observance of Republic Day. Immerse yourself in the colorful parades, lively music, and mouth-watering cuisine that showcase the country's rich cultural heritage. A must-see for any traveler seeking an unforgettable holiday in South America!"

Day off for Mashramani (Republic Day) in Guyana

Mashramani (Republic Day) is a national holiday in Guyana, celebrated on February 23rd. This colorful and vibrant festival is a fusion of music, dance, and food, honoring the country's independence and diverse culture. Join the locals as they fill the streets with joyful parades and revel in the lively atmosphere of this observance holiday.

Maha Shivaratri

Maha Shivaratri, a Hindu festival, is celebrated to honor Lord Shiva. It is one of the most important and widely celebrated festivals in Hinduism, occurring on the 13th or 14th night of the new moon in the Hindu month of Phalguna. Maha Shivaratri is traditionally celebrated with fasting, rituals and prayers to Lord Shiva, culminating in a night of worship, feasting and socializing.

Phagwah (Holi) in Guyana

"As the nation of Guyana comes alive with vibrant colors and exuberant celebrations, Phagwah (Holi) marks the start of a joyous holiday season. This national festival, celebrated by both Hindus and non-Hindus, is a beautiful showcase of cultural diversity and unity in this breathtaking South American country. Come immerse yourself in the magical atmosphere of Phagwah in Guyana, where traditions and modernity blend seamlessly."

Easter – Christian Catholic

Easter is a Christian holiday that celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ. It is the most important religious feast of the year in the Catholic Church. Every year, Easter Sunday falls on the first Sunday after the full moon following the vernal equinox. This usually falls on the first Sunday in April. On this day, Christians attend special services in honor of the resurrection, and exchange decorated Easter eggs and gifts. Traditionally, families and friends gather for a celebratory meal.

Easter Sunday

Easter Sunday is a Christian holiday that celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ three days after his death. It is one of the most important and oldest Christian festivals, which is celebrated with religious services, feasts, and egg hunts. During the holiday season, many churches will celebrate with food, singing, and special services. In many countries, Easter is a public holiday and is celebrated by families in various ways, including decorating eggs and exchanging gifts.

Eid al-Adha in Guyana

Experience the vibrant celebrations of Eid al-Adha in Guyana, a national holiday that marks the end of the Hajj pilgrimage. Immerse yourself in the rich cultural traditions, delectable feasts, and lively gatherings that honor this important Islamic observance. A must-visit during this festive time!

Emancipation Day in Guyana

Emancipation Day is celebrated in Guyana every August 1st, commemorating the country's emancipation from slavery in 1838. The Hindu holiday honors the abolition of British imperial tyranny and the granting of freedom to African slaves in British colonies in the Caribbean and beyond. As part of the celebration, commemorative events are held throughout the country with traditional music, singing, and dancing.

International Day of the World’s Indigenous People

The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People is a United Nations sanctioned holiday celebrated annually on August 9. It marks the day the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted in 2007, recognizing the rights of tribal and clan societies worldwide. The day is used to celebrate the survival and cultural rich heritage of the world’s Indigenous People. Events, speeches, and educational activities are held worldwide.

Ganesh Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chaturthi

Ganesh Chaturthi is a celebration to commemorate the birthday of Lord Ganesha. It is an important festival in India, celebrated with great fervor in Hindu households as well as in public. On this day, devotees bring statues of Ganesha home or to their local temples and perform rituals to honor the deity. People prepare kheer, shrikhand, and other delightful dishes as offerings to Lord Ganesha. The holiday culminates in a festive procession with people singing and dancing in joy, along with Ganesha's idol placed on a chariot.

Upcoming Festivals in Guyana

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Holi: The Festival Of Love

Holi is an ancient Hindu festival celebrated in India and Nepal. It is the festival of love and signifies the victory of good over evil. People gather in joyful crowds, indulging in colorful powders and different colored water being thrown. People embrace one another and wish each other luck, health and prosperity.

Diwali (Dīvali in Dīpāwali in or Deepavali)

Diwali, also known as the "Festival of Lights", is an ancient Hindu festival celebrated all across India. It is a celebration of the victory of good over evil and the spiritual renewal of life. During Diwali, Hindus light up their homes with thousands of diyas, or lamps made of clay, to signify the triumph of justice. They also exchange sweets and gifts, perform pooja, the traditional worship of gods, and indulge in festive customs and activities. Diwali is a joyous occasion and a five-day highlight of the Hindu calendar.

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