Colombia is a stunning South American country set between the Andes mountain range and the Caribbean Sea. It is a land of diversity, ranging from coffee plantations to golden beaches, wildlife-filled rainforests and snow-capped volcanoes. With a rich culture and vibrant cities, Colombia offers something for everyone, from adventure-seekers to history buffs.

Tourism in Colombia: Experience the Vibrant Culture and Festive Spirit

Colombia, a country known for its vibrant culture, rich history, and stunning landscapes, has become an increasingly popular tourist destination in recent years. With its warm and welcoming people, delicious cuisine, and lively festivals, it’s no wonder that travelers from all over the world are flocking to this South American gem.

Introducing the Festive Spirit of Colombia

Colombia is a country that knows how to celebrate. From colorful parades to lively music and dance performances, there is always a reason to rejoice in Colombia. The festive spirit is deeply ingrained in the country’s culture, and visitors are often swept up in the contagious energy of the locals.

One of the most famous festivals in Colombia is the Carnival of Barranquilla, which takes place every February. This four-day celebration is a spectacle of costumes, music, and dance, attracting over a million visitors each year. Another popular festival is the Flower Festival in Medellin, where the city is transformed into a sea of vibrant colors and floral displays.

Unique Tourist Attractions in Colombia

Colombia offers a diverse range of attractions for tourists to explore. From colonial cities to tropical beaches and lush rainforests, there is something for everyone in this beautiful country.

One of the most iconic tourist attractions in Colombia is the ancient city of Cartagena. Its colorful buildings, cobblestone streets, and historic fortifications make it a must-visit destination for any traveler. The coffee region of Colombia is also a popular spot for tourists, where they can learn about the country’s famous coffee production and enjoy breathtaking views of the Andes Mountains.

Important Places to Visit

In addition to Cartagena and the coffee region, there are many other must-visit destinations in Colombia. The capital city of Bogota is a bustling metropolis with a rich cultural heritage, while the Caribbean coast offers stunning beaches and picturesque colonial towns. The Amazon rainforest in the south is also a popular destination for eco-tourism and outdoor adventures.

Activities for Tourists

There is no shortage of activities for tourists in Colombia. From hiking to horseback riding, scuba diving to salsa dancing, there is something for every type of traveler. For those seeking an adrenaline rush, paragliding in Medellin or white-water rafting in San Gil are popular options.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Colombia has a well-developed transportation system, making it easy for tourists to get around the country. The main cities are connected by a network of buses and taxis, while domestic flights are also available for longer distances. However, during peak tourist season, it’s important to plan ahead and book transportation in advance to avoid any delays.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

Most visitors to Colombia do not require a visa for stays of up to 90 days. However, it’s always best to check with your local embassy or consulate before traveling to ensure you have the correct documentation. If you do need a visa, the application process is relatively straightforward and can be done online or at the nearest Colombian embassy.

Health and Safety

As with any travel destination, it’s important to take precautions to stay safe and healthy while in Colombia. It’s recommended to get vaccinated against common illnesses such as hepatitis A and typhoid before traveling. It’s also advisable to avoid drinking tap water and stick to bottled water.

While Colombia has made significant strides in improving its safety record in recent years, it’s always wise to take extra precautions, especially in larger cities. It’s recommended to stay in well-lit and busy areas, avoid carrying large amounts of cash, and be aware of your surroundings at all times.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Colombians are known for their warm and friendly nature, and visitors are often welcomed with open arms. It’s important to respect the local customs and etiquette while visiting the country. For example, it’s considered impolite to refuse food or drinks when offered, and it’s customary to greet people with a handshake or a kiss on the cheek.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Colombia is the Colombian peso (COP). While major credit cards are accepted in larger cities and tourist areas, it’s always a good idea to have some cash on hand for smaller purchases. ATMs are widely available, and currency exchange offices can be found in most major cities.

Festive Activities in Colombia

Colombia is a country that loves to celebrate, and there are many unique activities for tourists to participate in during their visit. From traditional dances to delicious food festivals, these activities offer a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage of the country.

One popular activity is learning how to make traditional Colombian dishes such as arepas or empanadas. Visitors can take cooking classes or join local families for a meal to experience the authentic flavors of Colombia. Another must-try activity is learning how to salsa dance, which is an integral part of Colombian culture.

Infrastructure & Transit

During peak tourist season, Colombia experiences a surge in visitors, which can sometimes lead to crowded public transportation systems. However, the government has invested in improving infrastructure and transportation in recent years, making it easier for tourists to navigate the country.

To efficiently traverse Colombia during this bustling period, it’s recommended to plan your itinerary in advance and book transportation tickets in advance. It’s also advisable to use reputable taxi companies or ride-sharing apps for added convenience and safety.

Accommodation Options

Colombia offers a wide range of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference. From luxury hotels to budget-friendly hostels, there is something for every type of traveler. During peak tourist season, it’s advisable to book accommodation in advance to ensure availability.

For those looking for a unique experience, there are also options such as eco-lodges and homestays that offer a more authentic Colombian experience. These accommodations also often support sustainable tourism practices, which helps to preserve the country’s natural beauty.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Colombia is a shopper’s paradise, with a variety of markets and shopping districts offering everything from traditional handicrafts to designer goods. The city of Bogota is known for its leather goods, while Medellin is famous for its jewelry and textiles. For unique souvenirs that embody the country’s culture, head to local markets such as Usaquen Market in Bogota or San Felipe Market in Cartagena.

Technology and Connectivity

Staying connected while traveling in Colombia is easy, with Wi-Fi available in most hotels, restaurants, and cafes. It’s also possible to purchase a local SIM card for your phone, which can be used for data and calls within the country. For added convenience, there are also apps available for navigation, language translation, and event bookings.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Colombia is a country that prides itself on its natural beauty, and there are many eco-friendly travel options and outdoor activities for tourists to enjoy. From hiking through national parks to exploring the Amazon rainforest, there are plenty of opportunities to immerse yourself in nature.

To promote responsible tourism practices, it’s important to be mindful of the environment and respect the local flora and fauna. It’s also recommended to support local eco-tourism initiatives that work towards preserving the country’s natural resources.

Local Festivals and Events

In addition to the larger festivals and events, there are also smaller, local celebrations that take place throughout the year in Colombia. These events offer a more intimate look at the country’s traditions and customs and are a great way to interact with the locals.

Some popular local festivals include the National Folklore Festival in Ibague and the Carnival of Blacks and Whites in Pasto. These events are often centered around traditional music, dance, and food, giving visitors a deeper understanding of Colombian culture.

Practical Advice and Tips

When planning a trip to Colombia during peak tourist season, it’s important to budget accordingly. Prices for accommodation and transportation may be higher during this time, so it’s best to plan ahead and book in advance to secure better deals.

It’s also important to take necessary safety precautions, such as avoiding carrying large amounts of cash and being aware of your surroundings. It’s also recommended to dress appropriately for the country’s climate, which can vary depending on the region you are visiting.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

To make the most out of your visit to Colombia during peak tourist season, it’s essential to have a comprehensive tourist guide. This should include information on the schedule for country events, ticket acquisition, and venue locations. It’s also advisable to visit during the dry season (December-March) for optimal weather conditions.

Some not-to-be-missed events and activities during this time include the Carnival of Barranquilla, Flower Festival in Medellin, and New Year’s celebrations in Cartagena. It’s also recommended to pack comfortable clothing and shoes for exploring the country’s attractions and participating in festive activities.

To honor the local customs and practices, it’s important to familiarize yourself with some common phrases in Spanish. This will not only help with communication but also show respect for the local culture. In case of any emergencies, it’s essential to have vital contact numbers for prompt assistance.

Experience the Festive Season in Colombia

Colombia is a country that truly comes alive during peak tourist season. With its vibrant culture, welcoming people, and stunning landscapes, it’s a destination that should be on every traveler’s bucket list. Whether you’re looking for a cultural experience, an outdoor adventure, or simply want to soak up the festive spirit, Colombia has something for everyone. So pack your bags and get ready to experience the beauty and joy of this incredible country

Colombia: A Country of Diversity and Growth

Colombia, officially known as the Republic of Colombia, is a country located in the northwestern region of South America. It is the fourth largest country in South America and has a diverse landscape, ranging from the Andes Mountains to the Amazon rainforest and Caribbean coast. With a population of over 50 million people, Colombia is also the third most populous country in Latin America. In this article, we will explore some interesting statistics and data about this vibrant and dynamic country.

Economy and GDP

Colombia has experienced significant economic growth in recent years, with a GDP of $333.6 billion in 2020. The country’s economy is primarily driven by industries such as agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and services. The agricultural sector accounts for around 6% of the GDP, with products such as coffee, bananas, and flowers being major exports. The mining industry is also a significant contributor to the economy, with Colombia being one of the world’s leading producers of emeralds.

Foreign Trade

Colombia has a strong presence in the global market, with its main trading partners being the United States, China, and the European Union. In 2020, Colombia’s total exports were valued at $34.8 billion, with petroleum, coal, and coffee being the top exports. On the other hand, the country’s imports totaled $42.7 billion, with machinery, chemicals, and transport equipment being the main imports.


Colombia’s diverse landscape and rich cultural heritage make it an attractive destination for tourists. In 2019, the country welcomed over 4 million international tourists, generating $5.8 billion in revenue. The most popular tourist destinations in Colombia include Cartagena, Bogotá, and Medellín. The country’s tourism industry has also been growing steadily, with a 3.3% increase in international arrivals in 2019.

Safety and Security

In recent years, Colombia has made significant strides in improving its safety and security measures. The country has seen a decrease in crime rates, with the homicide rate dropping by 44% between 2010 and 2020. The government has also implemented various initiatives to combat drug trafficking and organized crime, leading to a decline in violence and improved safety for tourists and locals alike.


Education is highly valued in Colombia, with the government investing around 4.2% of the GDP in the education sector. The country has a literacy rate of 94%, with a strong focus on primary and secondary education. In recent years, there has been an increase in enrollment in higher education, with over 2 million students enrolled in universities across the country.


Colombia has made significant progress in improving its healthcare system, with universal healthcare being available to all citizens. The country has a life expectancy of 75 years, which is higher than the average for Latin America. In addition, Colombia has a high number of doctors per capita compared to other countries in the region.

Cultural Diversity

Colombia is a melting pot of different cultures and ethnicities, with over 87 indigenous groups living within its borders. The country’s diverse population is reflected in its vibrant music, dance, and cuisine. Colombia is also known for its colorful festivals such as the Carnaval de Barranquilla and the Feria de las Flores.

Environmental Conservation

Colombia is home to some of the most biodiverse regions in the world, making it a global hotspot for conservation efforts. The country has over 59 national parks and protected areas, covering around 12% of its land area. The government has also implemented various initiatives to promote sustainable tourism and protect its natural resources.

In conclusion, Colombia is a country of diversity and growth, with a strong economy, rich culture, and stunning natural landscapes. With continuous efforts towards development and conservation, Colombia is on its way to becoming a leading destination for tourists and a thriving nation in South America.

– World Bank:
– Colombian Ministry of Commerce, Industry, and Tourism:
– Colombian Ministry of National Defense:
– Colombian Ministry of Education:,superior%20en%20el%20pa%C3%ADs%20ascendi%C3%B3
– World Health Organization:
– National Parks of Colombia:

  • What is the capital of Colombia?
  • What is the official language of Colombia?
  • What is the currency used in Colombia?
    Colombian peso (COP)
  • What is the population of Colombia?
    Approximately 50 million
  • What is the national dish of Colombia?
    Bandeja Paisa, a hearty platter with rice, beans, meat, plantains, avocado, and more
  • What is the national drink of Colombia?
    Aguardiente, an anise-flavored liquor
  • What are some popular Colombian dishes?
    Empanadas, arepas, sancocho, lechona, and tamales
  • What is a traditional Colombian breakfast like?
    It usually includes eggs, arepa, cheese, and hot chocolate
  • What is the weather like in Colombia?
    It varies depending on the region, but generally it has a tropical climate with rainy and dry seasons
  • What are some popular tourist destinations in Colombia?
    Cartagena, Medellín, Bogotá, Tayrona National Park, and San Andrés Island
  • Do I need a visa to visit Colombia?
    It depends on your nationality. Some countries do not require a visa for stays up to 90 days
  • Is it safe to travel to Colombia?
    Yes, as with any country, it is important to take precautions and be aware of your surroundings
  • What are some safety tips for traveling in Colombia?
    Avoid walking alone at night, do not display valuables, and be cautious in crowded areas
  • What is the best time of year to visit Colombia?
    The dry season is generally considered the best time to visit, from December to March and July to August
  • What are some popular festivals and celebrations in Colombia?
    Carnaval de Barranquilla, Feria de las Flores in Medellín, and Semana Santa (Holy Week)
  • What are some traditional Colombian dances?
    Cumbia, salsa, vallenato, and champeta
  • What is the national sport of Colombia?
    Soccer (fútbol)
  • Are there any famous Colombian musicians or bands?
    Shakira, Juanes, Carlos Vives, and J Balvin are some popular Colombian artists
  • What is the traditional music of Colombia?
    Cumbia, vallenato, and porro are some examples of traditional Colombian music
  • What are some popular tourist activities in Colombia?
    Hiking in the Andes mountains, visiting coffee plantations, and exploring colonial cities
  • What is the voltage used in Colombia?
    110-120 volts, with type A and B outlets
  • Do I need to tip in Colombia?
    It is not mandatory, but it is common to leave a 10% tip at restaurants and for other services
  • What is the emergency number in Colombia?
    123 for police and 125 for medical emergencies
  • What is the time zone in Colombia?
    Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
  • Can I use my cell phone in Colombia?
    It depends on your phone plan. You can also purchase a local SIM card for your phone
  • What is the drinking age in Colombia?
    18 years old
  • Is it customary to bargain in Colombia?
    Yes, bargaining is common in markets and with street vendors
  • What is the dress code in Colombia?
    It varies depending on the occasion and region, but generally casual and comfortable clothing is acceptable
  • What are some traditional crafts of Colombia?
    Handwoven textiles, pottery, and jewelry made with materials such as emeralds and gold
  • Can I drink tap water in Colombia?
    It is not recommended to drink tap water in Colombia. Stick to bottled water or boiled/filtered water
  • What is the etiquette for greeting someone in Colombia?
    A handshake is common, but close friends and family may greet with a hug and a kiss on the cheek
  • Are there any cultural norms or customs I should be aware of when visiting Colombia?
    Colombians value personal space and may stand closer than what you are used to. It is also considered impolite to be late for appointments
  • What is the national tree of Colombia?
    The wax palm (Ceroxylon quindiuense)
  • What are some popular Colombian desserts?
    Arroz con leche (rice pudding), buñuelos (fried dough balls), and tres leches cake
  • Can I use US dollars in Colombia?
    It is recommended to exchange your currency for Colombian pesos. Some places may accept US dollars, but you may not get a favorable exchange rate
  • What are some traditional Colombian games?
    Tejo, a game where players throw metal disks at targets filled with gunpowder, and rana, a game where players try to land small metal disks into a hole
  • What is the official religion of Colombia?
    Roman Catholicism
  • What are some common modes of transportation in Colombia?
    Buses, taxis, and Uber are popular options. In rural areas, motorcycles and jeeps may also be used as transportation
  • Can I use my credit card in Colombia?
    Credit cards are widely accepted in major cities, but it is recommended to carry cash for smaller purchases and in rural areas
  • What is the literacy rate in Colombia?
    Approximately 94%
  • What are some popular Colombian souvenirs?
    Coffee, handicrafts, and emeralds are popular souvenirs from Colombia
  • Is Colombia a diverse country?
    Yes, Colombia has a diverse population with indigenous, African, and European influences
  • What is the national flower of Colombia?
    The orchid (Cattleya trianae)
  • What is the national bird of Colombia?
    The Andean condor (Vultur gryphus)
  • Can I visit the Amazon rainforest in Colombia?
    Yes, there are several national parks and reserves in Colombia that protect the Amazon rainforest
  • Are there any health concerns I should be aware of when traveling to Colombia?
    It is recommended to get vaccinated for yellow fever and take precautions against mosquito-borne illnesses such as Zika and dengue fever
  • Is there a dress code for visiting religious sites in Colombia?
    It is recommended to dress conservatively and cover your shoulders and knees when visiting churches and other religious sites
  • What is the legal drinking age in Colombia?
    18 years old
  • Can I smoke in public places in Colombia?
    Smoking is prohibited in enclosed public spaces and some outdoor areas such as parks and playgrounds
  • Are there any specific cultural customs or traditions for weddings in Colombia?
    Yes, some common traditions include the groom giving 13 gold coins (arras) to the bride, and the bride wearing a white mantilla veil
  • What is the national dance of Colombia?
    Cumbia is considered the national dance of Colombia
  • What are some traditional Colombian musical instruments?
    Maracas, guacharaca, and gaita are some examples of traditional Colombian musical instruments
  • Can I rent a car in Colombia?
    Yes, you can rent a car with a valid driver's license from your home country. It is recommended to purchase insurance as well
  • What is the national sport of Colombia?
    Soccer (fútbol)
  • What is the national anthem of Colombia?
    'Oh gloria inmarcesible' ('O Unfading Glory')
  • Are there any UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Colombia?
    Yes, there are eight UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Colombia, including Cartagena's historic center and the Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia

A Closer Look at Colombia - 哥伦比亚

Colombia Flag


Colombia Formation Date

July 20, 1810

Colombia Capital Name


Colombia Neighbours

  1. Panama Panama
  2. Costa Rica Costa Rica
  3. Brazil Brazil
  4. Ecuador Ecuador
  5. Peru Peru
  6. Venezuela Venezuela

Exploring Colombia

Colombia: A Country of Vibrant Culture and Rich History

Colombia, located in the northwest corner of South America, is a country known for its diverse landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture. It is the only country in South America to have coastlines on both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, making it a popular destination for tourists seeking both beach and mountain experiences. With a population of over 50 million people, Colombia is the third most populous country in Latin America and is home to a variety of ethnic groups, languages, and religions.

Key Takeaways:

- Colombia is located in the northwest corner of South America and has coastlines on both the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. - It has a population of over 50 million people and is known for its diverse landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture. - The country has a complex political history but has made significant strides in recent years towards stability and economic growth. - Colombia's economy is largely based on natural resources such as oil, coal, and coffee, but it also has a thriving tourism industry. - Spanish is the dominant language in Colombia, but there are also over 70 indigenous languages spoken throughout the country.


Colombia's geography is incredibly diverse, with three main regions: the Andes Mountains, the Caribbean Coast, and the Amazon Rainforest. The Andes Mountains run through the western part of the country and are home to many active volcanoes. The Caribbean Coast is known for its beautiful beaches and warm climate, while the Amazon Rainforest covers about one-third of Colombia's total land area. The country is also rich in natural resources, including oil, coal, gold, emeralds, and coffee. These resources play a significant role in Colombia's economy and have helped to drive economic growth in recent years. The climate in Colombia varies depending on the region, but overall it is a tropical country with a wet and dry season. The coastal regions tend to be hot and humid, while the Andean region has a more temperate climate.

Origin and History:

Colombia has a long and complex history, with evidence of human settlements dating back over 20,000 years. The country was originally inhabited by various indigenous groups, including the Muisca, Quimbaya, and Tairona. In the 16th century, Spanish conquistadors arrived in Colombia and began colonizing the land. This colonization led to the forced labor of indigenous peoples and the introduction of African slaves. In 1819, Colombia gained independence from Spain and became known as Gran Colombia, which also included Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama. However, this union dissolved in 1830, and Colombia became an independent country. The 20th century was marked by political instability and violence in Colombia, including a civil war that lasted from 1948 to 1958. In recent years, the country has made significant strides towards peace and stability, with the signing of a peace agreement in 2016 between the government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).

Government and Politics:

Colombia has a presidential representative democratic republic, with a president serving as both head of state and head of government. The country is divided into 32 departments (similar to states) and one capital district. The government is composed of three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. Colombia has had a history of political instability and violence due to drug trafficking and conflicts with guerrilla groups. However, in recent years, the government has taken steps towards peace and stability, including the demobilization of FARC guerrillas. The country also has strong ties with its neighboring countries and is a member of various international organizations, including the United Nations and the Organization of American States.

Commerce and Economy:

Colombia's economy is the fourth largest in Latin America, with a GDP of over $300 billion. The country's economy is largely based on natural resources, including oil, coal, and coffee. Colombia is the world's second-largest producer of coffee, and it is a significant exporter of oil and coal. In addition to natural resources, Colombia also has a thriving tourism industry. The country is known for its beautiful beaches, vibrant cities, and rich culture. In recent years, the government has invested in infrastructure and promoted tourism to boost economic growth. The currency used in Colombia is the Colombian peso (COP), and the country has strong trade relations with its neighboring countries as well as with the United States and China.


Colombia has a diverse population, with over 80% identifying as mestizo (mixed European and indigenous ancestry). The remaining population is made up of Afro-Colombians, indigenous peoples, and people of European descent. The majority of Colombians live in urban areas, with the largest cities being Bogotá, Medellín, and Cali. The country also has a relatively young population, with a median age of 31 years old.


Colombian culture is a blend of indigenous, Spanish, African, and Caribbean influences. The country is known for its vibrant art scene, including street art in cities like Bogotá and Medellín. Music also plays a significant role in Colombian culture, with genres like salsa, cumbia, and vallenato originating from the country. Festivals and traditions are an essential part of Colombian culture. Some popular festivals include Carnival in Barranquilla, the Flower Festival in Medellín, and the Black and White Carnival in Pasto. Colombians also have a strong sense of family and community, and family gatherings are an essential part of their culture. The country also has many national holidays, including Independence Day on July 20th and Christmas.

Languages and Religion:

The official language of Colombia is Spanish, which is spoken by over 99% of the population. However, there are also over 70 indigenous languages spoken throughout the country, highlighting the cultural diversity of Colombia. Religion in Colombia is predominantly Roman Catholic, with over 70% of the population identifying as Catholic. However, there is also a significant Protestant and evangelical Christian population. Indigenous religions and Afro-Colombian religions also have a presence in the country.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

Colombia has made significant strides in improving its education system in recent years. The country has a literacy rate of over 94%, and education is compulsory for children between the ages of five and 15. There are also many universities and technical schools throughout the country, with the top universities located in Bogotá. The healthcare system in Colombia is divided into two sectors: public and private. The public system provides healthcare to those who cannot afford private insurance, while the private system is available to those who can afford it. The country has made efforts to improve its healthcare system in recent years, with a focus on providing universal healthcare to all citizens.

Sports and Recreation:

Sports play a significant role in Colombian culture, with football (soccer) being the most popular sport. The Colombian national football team has had success on the international stage, including reaching the quarter-finals in the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Other popular sports in Colombia include cycling, baseball, and boxing. The country also has many opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, surfing, and birdwatching.


Colombia has become an increasingly popular tourist destination in recent years, thanks to its diverse landscapes, rich culture, and warm hospitality. Some popular tourist attractions include the colonial city of Cartagena, the coffee region of Salento, and the Lost City trek in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. The country also has a well-developed tourism infrastructure, with many hotels, restaurants, and transportation options available for visitors. The government has also invested in promoting sustainable tourism and preserving natural areas.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

If you are planning to visit Colombia, there are a few things you should know before your trip. Most visitors will need a valid passport and a tourist visa to enter the country. It is also recommended to have proof of yellow fever vaccination when entering Colombia. In terms of health and safety, it is essential to take precautions against mosquito-borne illnesses such as Zika and dengue fever. It is also advised to avoid traveling to certain regions of the country that may still have security concerns. When visiting Colombia, it is essential to respect local customs and etiquette. This includes dressing modestly when visiting religious sites and being mindful of cultural differences. The currency used in Colombia is the Colombian peso (COP), and credit cards are widely accepted in major cities. However, it is always a good idea to have some cash on hand for smaller purchases.


- "Colombia is magical realism." - Gabriel García Márquez - "Colombia is the only country in South America with coastlines on both the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea." - Unknown - "Colombia is a country of great diversity, not only in terms of its landscapes but also its people." - Juan Manuel Santos


Colombia is a country with a complex history and diverse culture. Despite its past struggles, the country has made significant strides towards peace and stability in recent years. With its beautiful landscapes, vibrant cities, and warm hospitality, Colombia is a must-visit destination for any traveler. As the country continues to develop and promote sustainable tourism, it is sure to become an even more popular destination in the future.

Colombia Highest Point Name

The highest point in Colombia is Pico Cristobal Colon, at an elevation of 5,775 meters (18,950 feet) above sea level. It is located in Los Nevados National Park in the Andes Mountains. Pico Cristobal Colon is the highest mountain in the northern Andes chain and is also known as the highest point in Colombia.

Colombia Capital Longitude

Bogotá, Colombia has a longitude of 74.0721° W.

Colombia Capital Latitude

Bogotá, the capital of Colombia, is located at an approximate latitude of 4.5980° N.

Colombia Official Languages

The official language of Colombia is Spanish, known locally as castellano. Other languages spoken in Colombia include indigenous languages such as Wayuu, Embera, Kogi, Chimila, and more. English, Portuguese, and Afro-Colombian languages such as Palenquero are also spoken in some parts of the country.

Colombia Ethnic Groups

Colombia is a culturally diverse country, with more than 90 different ethnic groups that are interspersed throughout the national territory. The major ethnic groups in Colombia include the Afro-Colombian, Mestizo, Indigenous, and Romani populations. The majority of the population is made up of Mestizos, who are of mixed European and Indigenous ancestry. Afro-Colombians are descendants of enslaved Africans who were brought to the country by Spanish colonists. Indigenous Colombians number over one million and include over 80 distinct ethnic groups, many of which inhabit remote regions of the country. The Romani population includes approximately 500,000 people, making it the largest minority group in the country. There are also minorities of Middle Eastern, Chinese, and Japanese descent, as well as smaller pockets of other international populations.

Colombia Religions

Colombia is a religiously diverse country with most of the population identifying as Christian. Around 79% of the population identifies as Roman Catholic, while 17% are members of various Protestant denominations. Other religions in Colombia include Jehovah’s Witnesses, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Afro-Caribbean beliefs. In recent years, irreligious Colombians have also become increasingly common in the country’s urban areas due to the rising secularization of Colombian society.

Colombia Total Area

The total area of Colombia is 1,141,748 square kilometers (440,831 square miles). Colombia is the 26th-largest country in the world by land area.

Colombia Land Area

Colombia has a total land area of 1,138,910 km2 (439,739 sq mi).

Colombia Water Area

The total water area of Colombia is approximately 84,300 km2 (32,491 mi2). This means that Colombia is home to a total of about 0.975% of the Earth's surface water sources. Most of Colombia's primary water sources are surface water sources, such as coastal lagoons, rivers, streams, wetlands, and lakes. The main rivers in Colombia are the Magdalena, Cauca, and Orinoco.

Colombia Total Population


Colombia Currency Name

The official currency of Colombia is the Colombian Peso (COP).

Colombia Currency Code

The currency code for Colombia is COP.

Colombia Currency Symbol

The Colombia country's currency symbol is COP.

Colombia Time Zones

  • Standard Time: UTC-05:00
  • Daylight Saving Time: UTC-04:00

Colombia uses Central Standard Time (CST) in UTC-05. Daylight saving time is used from the first Sunday in October at midnight when the time is shifted forward by one hour to UTC-04. This is in effect until the second Sunday in March at 12:00am when the time reverts to the standard time zone UTC-05.

Colombia Calling Code


Colombia Internet TLD

How to Say "Colombia" In Different Languages?

কলম্বিয়া (bn-BD)
哥伦比亚 (zh-CN)
كولومبيا (ar-EG)
Colombie (fr-FR)
Kolumbien (de-DE)
कोलम्बिया (hi-IN)
Kolombia (id-ID)
کلمبیا (fa-IR)
קולומביה (he-IL)
Colombia (it-IT)
コロンビア (ja-JP)
콜롬비아 (ko-KR)
Kolombia (yo-NG)
Kolumbia (pl-PL)
Colômbia (pt-PT)
Колумбия (ru-RU)
Colombia (es-ES)
โคลอมเบีย (th-TH)
Kolombiya (tr-TR)
Colombia (vi-VN)

Colombia Popular Holidays

Mother's Day
10th of May
Festival of Las Jaivas
February / March
New Year's Day
1 January
Foundation of San Josè de Cúcuta
6 January
6 January
Youth Day
23 January
Feast Day of the Presentation of the Child Jesus
2 February
Valentine's Day
14 February
Flag Day
19 March
World Oral Health Day
20 March
Carnival Monday
25 March
Feast of the Annunciation of the Lord
25 March
Foundation of Medellin
2 April
Foundation of Popayán
4 April
Holy Thursday
18 April
Good Friday
19 April
Feast of San Marcos
25 April
Labor Day
1 May
Foundation of San Juan de Pasto
6 May
Bom Jesus Dioblo
13 May
Feast of San Alberto
17 May
Foundation of Tunja
20 May
Ascension of Jesus Christ
30 May
Foundation of Cartagena
1 June
Feast of San Antonio de Padua
13 June
Feast of Santos Martires del Turb contra los herejes
17 June
Foundation of Honda
18 June
Feast Day of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
19 June
Corpus Christi
20 June
Feast of the Nativity of Saint John the Baptist
24 June
Feast of San Pedro and San Pablo
29 June
Feast of San Benito
4 July
Independence Day
20 July
Feast of San Cristóbal Mártir
21 July
Foundation of Cali
25 July
Foundation of Santa Ana
25 July
Feast of Saint James the Apostle
25 July
Foundation of Mompox
1 August
Feast of the Transfiguration of the Lord
6 August
Battle of Boyacá Day
7 August
Feast of San Lorenzo
10 August
Feast of San Roque
10 August
Assumption of Mary
15 August
Feast of the Immaculate Heart of Mary
22 August
Feast of Santa Rosa de Lima
30 August
Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross
14 September
Feast of Our Lady of Mercy
24 September
Feast of San Jerónimo
30 September
Feast Day of the Guardian Angels
2 October
Feast of the Dedication of the Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi
4 October
Feast of San Jacinto
7 October
Columbus Day
12 October
Día de la Raza
12 October
All Saints' Day
1 November
All Souls' Day
2 November
Feast of the Dedication of the Lateran Basilica
9 November
Feast of San Rafael
14 November
Feast of Saint Andrew the Apostle
30 November
Feast of Santa Bárbara (Naval Day)
4 December
Immaculate Conception Day
8 December
Feast of Concepción de María
8 December
Feast of the Immaculate Conception
9 December
Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe
12 December
25 December
Day of Innocents / Holy Innocents Day
28 December

We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Colombia

National and Public Holidays in Colombia next days/week/month/year

Easter Sunday in Colombia

"Easter Sunday in Colombia is a vibrant celebration of faith and culture, where locals and tourists alike come together to revel in the festive atmosphere. From colorful processions to mouthwatering traditional dishes, this national holiday in Colombia is a must-experience for anyone looking to immerse themselves in the country's rich traditions."

Corpus Christi

The Corpus Christi holiday is a Christian liturgical feast celebrated in some Latin American countries to honor the Eucharist, or Body of Christ.

Battle of Boyaca

The Battle of Boyaca (7th August, 1819) marks the decisive battle during Colombia's fight to gain its independence from Spanish colonial rule. Led by General Simón Bolívar and General Pedro Briceño Méndez, the Venezuelan and Colombian troops earned a decisive victory over the Spanish Royal Army, leading to Colombia's independence. The battle is commemorated each year with a national holiday and many monuments are dedicated in honor of the fallen soldiers.

International Day of the World’s Indigenous People

The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People is a United Nations sanctioned holiday celebrated annually on August 9. It marks the day the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted in 2007, recognizing the rights of tribal and clan societies worldwide. The day is used to celebrate the survival and cultural rich heritage of the world’s Indigenous People. Events, speeches, and educational activities are held worldwide.

Assumption of Mary

Assumption of Mary is a Catholic holiday celebrated each year on August 15th. It is a day to honor the Virgin Mary, mother of Christ, on the day she was assumed into Heaven. Catholics celebrate by attending specialized Masses, many churches are decorated with flowers, and there are festivals, processions, and other festivities throughout the day.

Vigil of Assumption Day

Assumption Day is a public holiday in many countries. It is celebrated on August 15th, and marks the day when Catholics believe the Virgin Mary was taken up into Heaven. Celebrations usually include processions, masses, music, food, and traditional dancing.

St. Mary’s Day in August 15

St. Mary’s Day is an annual Catholic holiday celebrated on August 15 in many countries around the world. It is dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus, and honors her as a special protector of the faithful. On this day, special Masses are held in Catholic churches with a special emphasis on Mary’s intercession. Devotional activities and religious ceremonies typically accompany this festive occasion. Gifts and flowers are often brought to Mary’s shrines and grottos.

St. Bartholomew Day

St. Bartholomew Day is a religious holiday celebrated in some countries in honor of St. Bartholomew, a disciple of Jesus. The date of the holiday varies by location but it is typically held on August 24. In the United States, the Episcopal Church celebrates the holiday with special sermons, prayers, and the recital of scripture. The holiday offers an opportunity to remember St. Bartholomew’s tradition of service and dedication to God.

International Day for People of African Descent

International Day for People of African Descent recognizes the diverse cultural heritage of people of African descent, and acknowledges the contributions they have made to their respective societies. It is officially celebrated around the world, including in the United Nations, on August 31. The day serves to raise awareness and combat discrimination against people of African descent. It also calls for equal rights and justice, and celebrates African heritage and culture.

Saint Teresa Canonization Day

Teresa Canonization Day is a special holiday to commemorate the upcoming canonization of Saint Teresa of Calcutta. Fans of the saint and devoted Catholics gather in churches and squares to celebrate her life and works and thank God for the gift of her blessed soul. People hoping to be present for the official ceremony will travel to the Vatican for the event in 2023.

Upcoming Festivals in Colombia

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Leap Day in United States of America

Celebrate the extra day of the year in style with Leap Day in the United States of America! This unique observance allows for an additional 24 hours of exploration, making it the perfect time to discover hidden gems and indulge in local traditions. Don't miss out on this special national holiday.

Independence Day in Bangladesh

Independence Day is a government holiday in Bangladesh

Easter Sunday in Switzerland

"Easter Sunday in Switzerland is a delightful blend of festive traditions and stunning alpine scenery. From charming processions and colorful markets, to indulging in delicious chocolate eggs and hiking in the Swiss Alps, this national observance holiday offers a unique cultural experience that will leave visitors in awe."

Easter Sunday in Ecuador

Observance: Experience the vibrant culture and rich traditions of Ecuador on Easter Sunday. Join in the colorful processions and witness the unique blend of Catholic and indigenous beliefs. Explore the beautiful landscapes and indulge in traditional delicacies. A truly enchanting holiday for every traveler.

Easter Sunday in Luxembourg

"Easter Sunday in Luxembourg, a national holiday filled with vibrant traditions and lively celebrations. From the colorful Easter markets to the famous egg hunts, this festive occasion brings the whole community together in a spirit of joy and renewal. A must-visit for anyone looking to immerse themselves in Luxembourg's rich culture and traditions."

Easter Sunday in Slovakia

"Easter Sunday in Slovakia is a beautiful celebration of both religious and cultural traditions. The country comes alive with colorful processions, traditional folk music, and delectable Easter dishes. From the stunning architecture of Bratislava to the quaint villages in the countryside, this observance is a must-see for any traveler seeking an authentic cultural experience." (50 words)

Easter Sunday in Uruguay

"Easter Sunday in Uruguay is a vibrant celebration of faith and culture. From the bustling streets of Montevideo to the tranquil beach towns, the nation comes alive with processions, colorful decorations, and traditional food. Immerse yourself in the local customs and take part in this national holiday that embodies the spirit of Uruguay." (observance)

Easter Sunday in Estonia

Easter Sunday in Estonia is a festive national holiday filled with colorful traditions and local cuisine. From egg painting and traditional church services to indulging in delicious Easter bread and smoked ham, this observance is a must-visit to experience the authentic culture of Estonia.

Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau

"Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau is a vibrant celebration filled with colorful processions, traditional music, and joyful feasts. As a national holiday, it is deeply rooted in the country's rich cultural heritage and serves as a time for families and communities to come together in unity and celebration."

Easter Sunday in Sweden

"Easter Sunday in Sweden is a vibrant celebration of spring's arrival, filled with colorful traditions and mouth-watering feasts. As a national holiday, families gather to decorate eggs, indulge in delicious sweets, and revel in the joyous atmosphere of rebirth and renewal. A must-visit for those seeking a cultural and culinary immersion in Sweden."

Colombia declares disaster, calls for international help due to raging wildfires across the country

Colombia declares disaster, calls for international help due to raging wildfires across the country

Colombia wildfires: The disaster declaration allows the government to reallocate funds to tackle the wildfires. The Colombian government declared a disaster situation on Thursday (Jan 25) and asked for international help to combat the raging wildfires across the country, as the president and local officials have said that the situation might worsen in the upcoming days. Colombia’s President Gustavo Petro declared a “situation of disaster and calamity,” on Thursday. He told reporters that Chile, the United States, Peru and Canada have already responded to the call for help, but did not specify the assistance that will arrive to the South American country. The government has also asked for help from the United Nations and the European Union. “To the extent…

Source: WION
Categories: Society, Issues, Transportation, Terrorism, Warfare and Conflict, Survivalism

Amid uptick in kidnappings, Colombian family receives ‘biggest gift of all’

Amid uptick in kidnappings, Colombian family receives ‘biggest gift of all’

Chia, Colombia – Decnis Diaz was at home in Chia, Colombia, on November 18 when she received a call from her siblings: Her beloved younger brother, Jhon Jairo Diaz, had been kidnapped. A 34-year-old store manager, Jhon Jairo was ending his shift at a meat market in Cucuta, a border town near Venezuela, when four masked men held him at gunpoint and dragged him inside a black sedan. Security cameras captured the vehicle speeding away. “I couldn’t believe it. It always seemed to me that kidnappings were a terrible crime, but I never thought that our family would be a victim of it,” said Diaz. Jhon Jairo was the latest victim in an unexpected crime trend: The number of kidnappings…

Source: Al Jazeera Online
Categories: Society, Issues, Warfare and Conflict, Health, Mental Health, Grief, Loss and Bereavement, Transgendered, Coming Out, Politics

Tourism event began in Colombia with Cuba as guest of honor

Tourism event began in Colombia with Cuba as guest of honor

Bogota, Nov 23 (Prensa Latina) With the presence of Cuban Ambassador Javier Caamaño, the VI National Congress of the Confederation of the Colombian Tourism Industry (Confetur) began today in Bucaramanga, capital of the department of Santander. Under the slogan ‘Tourism as a tool for Governance, Peace and Inclusion’, the event was inaugurated at the Holiday Inn Hotel, with the aim of discussing the progress of the so-called ‘leisure industry’ in the country, its challenges and opportunities. This meeting of the MSMEs of the National Tourism Industry has as guests Cuba and the Colombian department of Huila, where representatives of the Ministry of Tourism of Cuba, Colombian travel agencies that issue tourist offers to the Caribbean island, among others, are present.…

Source: Agencia Informativa Latinamericana Prensa Latina
Categories: Business