Vietnam is a Southeast Asian country with a long history, diverse culture and varied geography. It is bordered by China to the north and Laos and Cambodia to the west. Vietnam has a tropical monsoon climate with two main seasons, the dry season from October to April and the wet season from May to September. It is known for its small-scale fisheries and colorful markets, as well as its rich heritage of culinary specialties. Tourism is also flourishing in the nation’s dramatic landscapes, vibrant cities, and UNESCO World Heritage sites.

Tourism in Vietnam: A Festive and Vibrant Experience

Vietnam is a country known for its rich culture, breathtaking landscapes, and warm hospitality. But during certain times of the year, the country truly comes alive with a festive spirit that captures the hearts of tourists from all over the world. From colorful festivals to unique traditions, there is no shortage of experiences to indulge in during this time. As a cultural commentator and travel writer, I invite you to join me on a journey through Vietnam’s tourism scene during its most vibrant season.

The Festive Spirit of Vietnam

Vietnam is a country that loves to celebrate, and this is evident in the vibrant atmosphere that permeates throughout the country during certain times of the year. The people of Vietnam are warm, welcoming, and always eager to share their culture with visitors. The festive spirit is contagious, and you can’t help but feel a sense of joy and excitement as you explore the country.

Unique Tourist Attractions

Vietnam is home to a plethora of unique tourist attractions that are particularly popular during the festive season. From bustling cities to serene countryside, there is something for everyone in this diverse country. Some of the must-visit places include Ha Long Bay, Hoi An Ancient Town, and Ho Chi Minh City. These destinations offer a mix of historical landmarks, natural wonders, and cultural experiences that will leave you in awe.

Important Places to Visit

No trip to Vietnam is complete without visiting some of its most iconic destinations. The capital city of Hanoi is a must-visit for its bustling streets, delicious street food, and historical sites such as the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum and Temple of Literature. Ho Chi Minh City, also known as Saigon, offers a blend of old-world charm and modernity with its French colonial architecture and skyscrapers. For a taste of Vietnam’s natural beauty, head to Ha Long Bay, a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its emerald waters and limestone islands.

Activities to Indulge In

Vietnam offers a wide range of activities for tourists to enjoy, from cultural experiences to outdoor adventures. During the festive season, you can witness traditional performances, participate in lantern-making workshops, and even try your hand at dragon boat racing. For outdoor enthusiasts, there are plenty of options such as hiking in the mountains, kayaking in Ha Long Bay, and exploring the lush green rice fields.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Vietnam has a well-developed transportation system that makes it easy for tourists to get around. The country has an extensive network of buses, trains, and domestic flights that connect major cities and tourist destinations. The train system is particularly popular among tourists as it offers a scenic journey through the countryside. For shorter distances, taxis and motorbike taxis are readily available. It is also worth noting that during the festive season, transportation can be busier than usual, so it is advisable to plan your trips in advance.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

Foreign visitors to Vietnam are required to obtain a visa before entering the country. The process can be done online or at a Vietnamese embassy or consulate. It is important to check the visa requirements for your specific country before planning your trip.

Health and Safety

As with any travel destination, it is essential to take necessary health precautions while visiting Vietnam. Make sure to drink bottled water and avoid consuming raw or undercooked food. It is also advisable to get vaccinated against common illnesses such as typhoid and hepatitis A before traveling. As for safety, Vietnam is generally a safe country for tourists, but it is always wise to be cautious and aware of your surroundings, especially in crowded areas.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Vietnamese culture is deeply rooted in traditions and customs, and it is essential to respect them while visiting the country. Some important customs to keep in mind include removing your shoes before entering someone’s home, not pointing with your finger, and showing respect to elders. It is also considered rude to raise your voice or lose your temper in public.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Vietnam is the Vietnamese Dong (VND). While credit cards are accepted in major cities and tourist areas, it is always advisable to carry cash for smaller purchases. US dollars are also widely accepted, but it is recommended to exchange your currency for VND for a better exchange rate.

Festive Activities in Vietnam

The festive season in Vietnam brings with it a host of unique activities that are deeply rooted in the country’s traditions. Here are some of the must-try experiences for tourists during this time:

Tet Festival

Tet, also known as the Lunar New Year, is the most important festival in Vietnam. It usually falls in late January or early February and is celebrated with great enthusiasm throughout the country. During Tet, you can witness colorful parades, dragon dances, and fireworks displays. You can also try traditional dishes such as banh chung (sticky rice cake) and banh tet (cylindrical sticky rice cake).

Mid-Autumn Festival

The Mid-Autumn Festival, also known as the Children’s Festival, is celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month. This festival is all about children, and you can see them parading through the streets with lanterns shaped like animals and characters from folktales. You can also try mooncakes, a traditional delicacy made of sweet fillings and a flaky crust.

Hoi An Lantern Festival

Hoi An, a charming ancient town in central Vietnam, is known for its monthly lantern festival. During the full moon, the town’s streets are adorned with colorful lanterns, and traditional music and dance performances take place. It is a magical experience that should not be missed.

Infrastructure and Transit During the Festive Season

Vietnam’s public transportation system is generally efficient, but during the festive season, it can become busier than usual. Here are some tips to help you navigate the country during this bustling period:

  • Plan your trips in advance and book tickets early.
  • Consider using private transportation for shorter distances.
  • Be prepared for longer travel times due to increased traffic.
  • Be patient and flexible with your plans.

Accommodation Options

Vietnam offers a wide range of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference. From luxurious resorts to budget-friendly hostels, there is something for everyone. During the festive season, it is advisable to book your accommodations in advance as they tend to fill up quickly. Staying in a homestay or guesthouse is also a great way to immerse yourself in the local culture and traditions.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Vietnam is a shopper’s paradise, with bustling markets and shopping districts offering everything from traditional handicrafts to designer goods. Some popular places to shop include Hanoi’s Old Quarter, Ho Chi Minh City’s Ben Thanh Market, and Hoi An’s night market. When it comes to souvenirs, look for items that represent Vietnam’s culture, such as silk products, lacquerware, and conical hats.

Technology and Connectivity

Staying connected while traveling in Vietnam is essential, and luckily, the country has a good network of internet and phone services. Most hotels and cafes offer free Wi-Fi, and you can also purchase a local SIM card for data. Some useful apps to have while in Vietnam include Google Maps for navigation, Google Translate for language translation, and Grab for ride-hailing services.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Vietnam is home to some of the most beautiful natural landscapes in the world, and it is important to preserve them for future generations. As a responsible tourist, you can support eco-tourism initiatives and opt for environmentally friendly activities such as hiking, cycling, and wildlife tours. It is also essential to follow responsible tourism practices, such as not littering and respecting wildlife.

Local Festivals and Events

Aside from the major festivals mentioned above, Vietnam also has many smaller local festivals and events that take place throughout the year. These events offer a glimpse into the country’s diverse cultures and traditions. Some notable ones include the Perfume Pagoda Festival in Hanoi, the Elephant Race Festival in Dak Lak, and the Nghinh Ong Festival in Vung Tau.

Practical Advice and Tips

Here are some practical tips to keep in mind when planning your trip to Vietnam during the festive season:

  • Set a budget for your trip and stick to it.
  • Be aware of common scams targeting tourists.
  • Carry small bills for street vendors.
  • Be respectful of the local customs and practices.
  • Learn some basic Vietnamese phrases to help with communication.
  • Keep emergency contact numbers handy.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

Best Time to Visit Vietnam

The best time to visit Vietnam depends on your preferences and the type of experience you are looking for. The country experiences a tropical climate, with distinct wet and dry seasons. The dry season, from November to April, is generally considered the best time to visit as the weather is pleasant and ideal for outdoor activities. However, if you want to experience the festive season, then plan your trip during Tet or the Mid-Autumn Festival.

Country Events and Activities

Vietnam’s festive season offers a plethora of events and activities for tourists to enjoy. From traditional festivals to outdoor adventures, there is something for everyone. Some not-to-be-missed events include the Tet Festival, Hoi An Lantern Festival, and Mid-Autumn Festival. You can also explore the country’s natural beauty by hiking in Sapa or kayaking in Ha Long Bay.

Schedule and Ticket Acquisition

It is advisable to plan your trip during the festive season well in advance as tickets for flights, trains, and popular events tend to sell out quickly. You can purchase tickets online or through a travel agent. For popular events such as Tet celebrations, it is recommended to book tickets at least a month in advance.

Suitable Attire

Vietnam’s climate can vary depending on the region you are visiting. It is generally hot and humid in the south and cooler in the north. During the festive season, it is advisable to pack light and comfortable clothing that is suitable for warm weather. If you plan on visiting temples or other religious sites, make sure to dress modestly.

Local Customs and Practices

Vietnamese culture is deeply rooted in traditions and customs, and it is important to respect them while visiting the country. Some important customs to keep in mind include removing your shoes before entering someone’s home, not pointing with your finger, and showing respect to elders. It is also considered rude to raise your voice or lose your temper in public.

Language Assistance

While English is widely spoken in major cities and tourist areas, learning a few basic Vietnamese phrases can go a long way in facilitating communication with the locals. Here are some common phrases to help you get by:

  • Hello – Xin chào
  • Thank you – Cảm ơn
  • How much? – Bao nhiêu?
  • Excuse me – Xin lỗi
  • I don’t understand – Tôi không hiểu

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergency, it is important to have the necessary contact numbers on hand. Here are some vital numbers to remember:

  • Police – 113
  • Ambulance – 115
  • Tourist Helpline – 1080

In conclusion, Vietnam is a country that truly comes alive during its festive season. From vibrant festivals to unique traditions, there is no shortage of experiences to indulge in. With this comprehensive guide, you are now ready to plan your trip and immerse yourself in the rich culture and warm hospitality of Vietnam

Vietnam: A Country of Rich History and Vibrant Culture

Vietnam, located in Southeast Asia, is a country known for its beautiful landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture. With a population of over 97 million people, Vietnam is the 15th most populous country in the world. In this article, we will explore some interesting statistics and data about Vietnam that make it a unique and fascinating country.

Population and Demographics

As mentioned earlier, Vietnam has a population of over 97 million people, making it the 3rd most populous country in Southeast Asia. The majority of the population (over 86%) belongs to the Kinh ethnic group, while the remaining 14% consists of over 50 different ethnic minorities. The largest minority groups are the Tay, Thai, and Hmong.

The population of Vietnam is relatively young, with a median age of 30 years old. The life expectancy at birth is 76 years for females and 72 years for males. The literacy rate in Vietnam is also impressive at 94%, with equal access to education for both males and females.

Economy and Trade

Vietnam’s economy has been growing steadily over the past few decades, with an average annual growth rate of around 6%. It is currently the 6th largest economy in Southeast Asia and has a GDP of approximately $343 billion. The main industries in Vietnam include agriculture, manufacturing, and services.

Vietnam is also a major exporter of goods, with its top exports being electronics, textiles, footwear, and agricultural products such as rice and coffee. Its main trading partners are China, the United States, Japan, South Korea, and Germany.


Vietnam’s natural beauty and rich cultural heritage make it a popular tourist destination. In 2019 alone, the country welcomed over 18 million international tourists, generating a revenue of $31 billion. The most visited cities in Vietnam are Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, and Da Nang.

Some of the top tourist attractions in Vietnam include Ha Long Bay, Hoi An Ancient Town, and the Cu Chi Tunnels. The country’s diverse landscapes, from stunning beaches to lush mountains, also attract adventure seekers and nature lovers.

Healthcare and Education

Vietnam has made significant progress in improving its healthcare system in recent years. The government has invested in building more hospitals and training medical professionals, resulting in an increase in life expectancy and a decrease in infant mortality rates.

Education is also highly valued in Vietnam, with the government providing free education for children up to the age of 15. The country has a high literacy rate, and its universities are gaining recognition globally. Vietnam’s top universities include Vietnam National University-Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology.

Cultural Diversity

Vietnam’s culture is a unique blend of Chinese, French, and indigenous influences. It is reflected in its language, cuisine, and traditional festivals. The official language is Vietnamese, but many ethnic minority groups have their own languages and dialects.

One of the most important festivals in Vietnam is Tet, the Lunar New Year celebration. It is a time for families to come together, exchange gifts, and enjoy traditional dishes such as banh chung (sticky rice cake) and banh tet (cylindrical glutinous rice cake).


In conclusion, Vietnam is a diverse and dynamic country with a rich history and culture. Its population is young and growing, and its economy is thriving. With its beautiful landscapes, delicious cuisine, and warm hospitality, Vietnam continues to attract visitors from all over the world. As the country continues to develop and modernize, it will surely become an even more popular destination for travelers and investors alike.


  • What is the capital of Vietnam?
  • What is the official language of Vietnam?
  • What is the currency used in Vietnam?
    Vietnamese dong (VND)
  • What is the population of Vietnam?
    96.2 million (2020)
  • What is the national dish of Vietnam?
  • What is the most popular drink in Vietnam?
  • What is the weather like in Vietnam?
    Tropical climate with high humidity and monsoon seasons
  • Do I need a visa to visit Vietnam?
    It depends on your nationality. Some countries are exempt from visas for certain lengths of stay.
  • What are some popular tourist destinations in Vietnam?
    Ha Long Bay, Hoi An, Ho Chi Minh City, Da Nang, Nha Trang, Sapa
  • Is it safe to travel to Vietnam?
    Yes, Vietnam is generally considered a safe country for tourists. However, it's always important to take precautions and be aware of your surroundings.
  • What is the time zone in Vietnam?
    Indochina Time (GMT+7)
  • What is the country code for Vietnam?
  • What is the voltage and plug type used in Vietnam?
    220V, Type A/C/E/F plugs
  • Is English widely spoken in Vietnam?
    English is not widely spoken, but you can find English speakers in major cities and tourist areas.
  • What are some common Vietnamese customs and traditions?
    Respect for elders, removing shoes before entering a home, and using both hands when giving or receiving objects.
  • What is the best way to get around in Vietnam?
    Taxis, motorbike taxis, buses, and trains are all common modes of transportation. Motorbikes are also a popular option for shorter distances.
  • What is the tipping etiquette in Vietnam?
    Tipping is not expected, but appreciated. 5-10% is considered a generous tip in restaurants.
  • What are some traditional Vietnamese festivals and holidays?
    Tet (Lunar New Year), Mid-Autumn Festival, and Hung King's Commemoration Day
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Vietnam?
    Silk products, lacquerware, conical hats, and handicrafts such as wooden carvings and ceramics.
  • Is bargaining common in Vietnam?
    Yes, bargaining is expected in markets and smaller shops. However, it's not as common in larger stores or supermarkets.
  • What are some must-try Vietnamese dishes?
    Banh mi, banh xeo, goi cuon (spring rolls), bun cha (grilled pork with noodles), and banh cuon (steamed rice rolls).
  • What are some popular Vietnamese drinks besides coffee?
    Fresh fruit juices, coconut water, and bia hoi (fresh beer).
  • What is the dress code in Vietnam?
    Vietnamese people tend to dress conservatively. It's best to cover your shoulders and knees when visiting temples or religious sites.
  • Are there any cultural taboos in Vietnam?
    Pointing with your finger is considered rude, and it's important to avoid touching someone's head.
  • What are some popular Vietnamese songs?
    "Nguoi Oi Nguoi O Dung Ve" by Pham Quynh Anh, "Em Cua Ngay Hom Qua" by Son Tung M-TP, "Ghen" by Min and Erik
  • What are some traditional Vietnamese musical instruments?
    Dan bau (monochord zither), dan tranh (16-string zither), and dan nguyet (two-stringed moon lute).
  • What are some popular Vietnamese artists?
    Dam Vinh Hung, My Tam, and Son Tung M-TP.
  • What are some popular Vietnamese movies?
    "The Scent of Green Papaya", "The Rebel", and "The Third Wife
  • Are there any famous landmarks in Vietnam?
    Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Imperial Citadel of Thang Long, and One Pillar Pagoda
  • What is the best time of year to visit Vietnam?
    October to April is generally considered the best time to visit, as it's the dry season for most of the country.
  • What are some popular outdoor activities in Vietnam?
    Trekking in Sapa, kayaking in Ha Long Bay, and motorbiking along the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
  • Is it common to haggle for prices in Vietnam?
    Yes, haggling is expected in markets and smaller shops. However, it's not as common in larger stores or supermarkets.
  • What are some popular street foods in Vietnam?
    Banh mi sandwiches, banh xeo (Vietnamese pancakes), and com tam (broken rice with grilled meat).
  • What are some traditional Vietnamese desserts?
    Che (sweet soup), banh chuoi (banana cake), and che ba mau (three-color dessert).
  • What are some popular Vietnamese beers?
    Bia hoi, Saigon Beer, and 333 Beer.
  • What is the best way to experience the local culture in Vietnam?
    Participating in a homestay, taking a cooking class, or joining a traditional festival or celebration.
  • What are some popular day trips from Ho Chi Minh City?
    Mekong Delta, Cu Chi Tunnels, and Vung Tau Beach.
  • Is it safe to eat street food in Vietnam?
    Yes, as long as you choose vendors with clean and fresh food. It's also recommended to bring your own utensils.
  • What is the emergency number in Vietnam?
    115 for medical emergencies, 113 for police, and 114 for fire department.
  • Are there any cultural etiquette tips for visiting temples in Vietnam?
    Dress conservatively, remove your shoes before entering, and avoid pointing your feet towards the altar.
  • What are some common scams to watch out for in Vietnam?
    Taxi scams, fake tour packages, and overcharging at markets.
  • What are some popular dishes in Northern Vietnam?
    Bun cha (grilled pork with noodles), pho ga (chicken noodle soup), and banh cuon (steamed rice rolls).
  • What are some popular dishes in Central Vietnam?
    Banh xeo (Vietnamese pancakes), mi quang (turmeric noodles), and banh beo (steamed rice cakes).
  • What are some popular dishes in Southern Vietnam?
    Com tam (broken rice with grilled meat), banh mi sandwiches, and goi cuon (fresh spring rolls).
  • What are some popular Vietnamese snacks?
    Xoi (sticky rice), banh trang nuong (grilled rice paper), and banh mi kep pate (pate sandwiches).
  • What are some popular Vietnamese fruits?
    Mangoes, dragon fruit, and rambutan.
  • What are some common modes of transportation for long-distance travel in Vietnam?
    Buses, trains, and domestic flights.
  • Is it safe to drink tap water in Vietnam?
    No, it's recommended to stick to bottled or filtered water.
  • What are some common phrases in Vietnamese?
    'Xin chao' (hello), 'Cam on' (thank you), and 'Xin loi' (sorry).

A Closer Look at Vietnam

Vietnam Flag


Vietnam Formation Date

September 2, 1945

Vietnam Capital Name


Vietnam Neighbours

  1. Cambodia Cambodia
  2. China China
  3. Laos Laos
  4. Malaysia Malaysia
  5. Myanmar Myanmar
  6. Thailand Thailand

Exploring Vietnam

Exploring the Vibrant Culture and Rich History of Vietnam

Vietnam, located in Southeast Asia, is a country with a long and tumultuous history. It is bordered by China to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the west, and the South China Sea to the east. With a population of over 97 million people, Vietnam is the 15th most populous country in the world. Its name, derived from the Vietnamese word "Việt Nam", means "Southern Viet" and reflects its location in relation to China.

Key Takeaways:

  • Vietnam is a country with a diverse culture and rich history.
  • It is located in Southeast Asia and shares borders with China, Laos, and Cambodia.
  • The name Vietnam means "Southern Viet" and reflects its location.


Vietnam's geography is characterized by its long coastline, mountainous regions, and fertile deltas. The country is home to many natural resources such as coal, oil, gas, and timber. It also has a diverse range of flora and fauna, including rare species like the Indochinese tiger and Asian elephant. The climate in Vietnam varies from region to region, with a tropical monsoon climate in the south and a subtropical climate in the north.

Origin and History:

Vietnam has a long and complex history that dates back to ancient civilizations. It was first inhabited by the Dong Son culture around 1000 BC. Throughout its history, Vietnam has been ruled by various dynasties and empires, including the Chinese Han dynasty and the Khmer Empire. In the 19th century, Vietnam was colonized by the French, leading to years of resistance and eventually gaining independence in 1954.

Government and Politics:

Vietnam is a socialist republic with a single-party system. The Communist Party of Vietnam has been in power since the country's independence. It is divided into 58 provinces and five municipalities, with Hanoi as its capital. Vietnam maintains diplomatic relations with over 180 countries and is a member of various international organizations, including the United Nations and ASEAN.

Commerce and Economy:

Vietnam's economy has experienced significant growth in recent years, making it one of the fastest-growing economies in Southeast Asia. The country's main economic sectors include agriculture, industry, and services. Vietnam is also a major exporter of goods such as electronics, textiles, and seafood. Its currency is the Vietnamese dong, and the country has strong trade relations with its neighboring countries and other global markets.


Vietnam has a diverse population, with the majority being ethnic Vietnamese (Kinh) people. Other ethnic groups include the Tay, Thai, and Khmer people. The country's population is relatively young, with over 50% of the population under the age of 30. The literacy rate in Vietnam is over 95%, thanks to its strong education system.


Vietnamese culture is a blend of indigenous traditions and influences from Chinese, French, and American cultures. It is known for its vibrant art scene, traditional music, and colorful festivals. Some popular festivals include Tet (Lunar New Year), Mid-Autumn Festival, and Hung Kings' Temple Festival. Vietnamese people also have a strong sense of community and value family ties.

Languages and Religion:

The official language of Vietnam is Vietnamese, which has several regional dialects. English is also widely spoken in major cities and tourist areas. The majority of Vietnamese people follow Buddhism, but there are also significant numbers of Christians, Taoists, and Confucianists. Religion plays a significant role in Vietnamese society and influences many aspects of daily life.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

Vietnam has made significant progress in its education system, with a literacy rate of over 95%. The country has a well-developed network of academic institutions, including universities and vocational schools. Its healthcare system has also improved in recent years, with the government implementing various public health initiatives to improve access to healthcare for all citizens.

Sports and Recreation:

Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Vietnam, with the national team achieving success in regional tournaments. Other popular sports include martial arts, volleyball, and badminton. Vietnam also has beautiful natural landscapes that offer opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, biking, and water sports.


Vietnam is a popular tourist destination, known for its stunning landscapes, rich culture, and delicious cuisine. Some must-visit attractions include Ha Long Bay, Hoi An Ancient Town, and Ho Chi Minh City. The country has a well-developed tourism infrastructure, with a variety of accommodation options and transportation services to suit different budgets.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

If you are planning to visit Vietnam, there are a few things you should know before your trip. Most foreign visitors will need a visa to enter the country, which can be obtained online or upon arrival at the airport. It is also important to be aware of local customs and etiquette, such as removing your shoes when entering someone's home. The official currency is the Vietnamese dong, but US dollars are widely accepted in major cities. As for prices, Vietnam is generally an affordable destination, with meals starting at around $2 USD and budget accommodations available for under $10 USD per night.


  • "The Vietnamese people deeply love independence, freedom and peace." - Ho Chi Minh
  • "Vietnam is a beautiful country with a rich culture and history." - Unknown
  • "The beauty of Vietnam cannot be described in words; it must be experienced." - Unknown


In conclusion, Vietnam is a fascinating country with a diverse culture, rich history, and beautiful landscapes. Despite its turbulent past, the country has made significant progress in recent years and continues to develop and grow. With its friendly people, delicious food, and affordable prices, Vietnam is a must-visit destination for anyone looking to experience Southeast Asia's unique charm. So pack your bags and get ready to explore all that Vietnam has to offer!

Vietnam Highest Point Name

The highest point in Vietnam is Fan Si Pan, located in the Hoang Lien Son mountain range in the northern part of the country. Its elevation is 3,143 meters (10,312 feet) above sea level.

Vietnam Capital Longitude

The capital of Vietnam is Hanoi and its longitude is 105.8 (105°48') east.

Vietnam Capital Latitude

Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, is located at 21.0278° N latitude.

Vietnam Official Languages

The official language of Vietnam is Vietnamese, which belongs to the Austroasiatic language family. The Vietnamese language uses a Latin-based alphabet known as quoc ngu, which is written in a romanized form. Other minority languages spoken in Vietnam include Chinese, English, French, Khmu, Muong, Nung, Pa-O, San Diu, Thai, and Cham.

Vietnam Ethnic Groups

The population of Vietnam is mainly comprised of Viet, or Kinh, people, who make up 87% of the entire population of the country. The other 13% consists of mainly 54 different ethnic minority groups, including the Hmong, Tay, Thai, Muong, Nung, Hoa and Khmer people. Many of the ethnic groups still live in the highland areas of the country, where their traditional cultures remain respected and preserved. The Hmong are an ethnic group spread across several countries in Southeast Asia, and are mainly concentrated in the northern and northwestern areas of Vietnam. Other ethnic minority groups with sizeable populations include the Tay, Muong, Thai, Nung, Hoa and Khmer people.

Vietnam Religions

Vietnam is a primarily religious country, with more than 70 percent of the population identifying as Buddhist. The predominant religious belief system is Mahayana Buddhism, which is practiced by more than half of the population. Other major religions practiced in Vietnam are Roman Catholicism, Hoa Hao, Cao Dai, and Protestantism. These religions, along with the native animistic tradition of the indigenous peoples of Vietnam, help to shape the culture and history of the country. Other religions practiced in Vietnam include Confucianism, shamanism, and Islam. Many temples and places of worship can be found throughout Vietnam, with Buddhism being the most widespread.

Vietnam Total Area

The total area of Vietnam is approximately 331,210 square kilometers (127,207 square miles).

Vietnam Land Area

The total land area of Vietnam is 331,210 km² (127,881 mi²).

Vietnam Water Area

According to the World Bank's most recently published statistics (July 2020), Vietnam's total water area is approximately 113,355 square kilometers or 43,927 square miles. This water area accounts for almost 12% of Vietnam's total land area and combines both sea and inland water sources.

Vietnam Total Population

As of July 2020, the total population of Vietnam was estimated to be 97.3 million people.

Vietnam Currency Name

The official currency of Vietnam is the Vietnamese Dong (VND).

Vietnam Currency Code

The Vietnam currency is the Vietnamese Dong (VND). The currency code for Vietnam is VND.

Vietnam Currency Symbol

Vietnam's country currency symbol is ₫.

Vietnam Time Zones

  • Standard Time: UTC+07:00
  • Daylight Saving Time: UTC+08:00

Vietnam’s standard and daylight saving time zones are UTC +7 and UTC+8, respectively. Daylight saving time is in effect from the last Sunday of April to the last Saturday of October each year, during which time the clocks are shifted forward by 1 hour on the last Sunday of April at 2am UTC+7. This results in Vietnam shifting from UTC+7 in winter to UTC+8 in summer.

Vietnam Calling Code

The country calling code for Vietnam is +84

Vietnam Internet TLD

How to Say "Vietnam" In Different Languages?

ভিয়েতনাম (bn-BD)
Vietnã (pt-BR)
វៀតណាម (km-KH)
越南 (zh-CN)
Viêt-nam (fr-FR)
Vietnam (de-DE)
Βιετνάμ (el-GR)
वियतनाम (hi-IN)
Vietnam (id-ID)
Vietnam (it-IT)
ベトナム (ja-JP)
베트남 (ko-KR)
Vietnam (tl-PH)
Wietnam (pl-PL)
Вьетнам (ru-RU)
Vietnam (es-ES)
เวียดนาม (th-TH)
Vietnam (tr-TR)
В'єтнам (uk-UA)
Việt Nam (vi-VN)

Vietnam Popular Holidays

Lunar New Year's Eve
11 February
Tết Nguyên Đán
12 February (19 February)
Huế Festival
1 April (7 April)
Tết Đoan Ngọ (Letsgokids Festival)
13 April (19 April)
International Workers' Day
1 May
Vinh Danh Festival
24 June (30 June)
Trung Nguyên Festival
3 July (7 July)
Mid-Autumn Festival
1 September (3 September)
Independence Day
2 September
National Day
2 September
Death Anniversary of Hồ Chí Minh
2 September
Hòa Bình Festival
24 September (2 October)
Death Anniversary of Lê Lợi
5 October
All Souls' Day
7 November
National Teachers' Day
20 November
Ancestors' Day
21 November (23 November)
International Human Rights Day
10 December
Christmas Eve
24 December

We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Vietnam

National and Public Holidays in Vietnam next days/week/month/year

International Women’s Day (IWD): 8 March

International Women’s Day (IWD), celebrated annually on 8 March, is a global holiday devoted to recognizing the social, cultural, economic, and political achievements of women. It is also a call to action for accelerating gender equality and challenging the biases that interact with the current gender norms. This celebration of female achievement is a reminder of the challenges women still face, from wage and opportunity inequality, to access to healthcare. IWD is a reminder to recognize and honor all women around the world.

Easter Sunday in Vietnam

" Easter Sunday in Vietnam is a vibrant celebration of both traditional and modern customs. From colorful parades and performances to delicious feasts and floral displays, this national holiday is a true feast for the senses. Experience the rich culture and spirit of Vietnam on this joyous occasion.

Hung Kings Festival in Vietnam

"Experience the rich cultural heritage of Vietnam at the Hung Kings Festival, a national holiday honoring the country's legendary founding fathers. Immerse yourself in traditional rituals, colorful parades, and mouth-watering feasts as you pay homage to the revered Hung Kings. A must-visit for any cultural enthusiast."

Vesak Day

Vesak Day is the holiday celebrated by Buddhists to commemorate the birth, enlightenment, and passing away of Siddhartha Gautama, the founder of Buddhism. It is celebrated annually on the full moon day in May.

National Children’s Day

Children's Day is an annual holiday celebrated around the world on various days to honor and celebrate children. In the U.S. it is held on the second Sunday in June. It is a day to let children be children, to celebrate the joys of childhood, and to help make the world a better place for children. Activities on Children's Day include family gatherings, plays, concerts, parades, and educational programs. It is a time to remember those who are less fortunate and to recognize the rights of all children.

August Revolution Commemoration Day in Vietnam

August Revolution Commemoration Day is an official Vietnamese public holiday in commemoration of the 1945 August Revolution, which saw the nationwide Vietnamese uprising that overthrew French colonial rule. It is celebrated annually on August 19th. Traditional festivities to mark the holiday include military parades, fireworks, flag-raising ceremonies, and people waving national flags in the streets.

Independence Day in Vietnam

Vietnam's National Day is celebrated annually on September 2. Celebrations are held throughout the country to commemorate the Declaration of Independence in 1945. Events consist of festive concerts, street parades, military parade performances, and fireworks displays. Flags are raised and there is a strong sense of nationalistic pride. A moment of silence is observed for the nation’s heroes at major monuments. This is a special public holiday to promote Vietnam's vibrant culture and history.

Vietnamese Women’s Day in Vietnam

Vietnamese Women's Day is a observance in Vietnam

Halloween in Vietnam

Halloween is a festive occasion that is celebrated in many countries on October 31 each year.

Bodhi Day

Bodhi Day is an important Buddhist holiday celebrated on December 8th to commemorate the enlightenment of the Buddha. The celebration is marked through meditation, chanting mantras, studying the dharma, and other spiritual practices.

Upcoming Festivals in Vietnam

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days


The Ullambana holiday is a Buddhist festival honoring filial piety and ancestor veneration. Celebrated in several countries, it's traditionally observed on the 15th day of the 7th lunar month and usually lasts for several days. During the holiday, families make offerings such as fruits, vegetables, and incense to deceased ancestors at their graves or temples, followed by a ritual feast. It's a time to show respect to those who have gone before.

Travel firms, destinations gear up for Korean tourist inflow during Tet | Travel | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Hanoi (VNA) – As the Republic of Korea (RoK) is forecast to be the largest source of foreign visitors to Vietnam during the coming Lunar New Year (Tet) holidays, many travel companies and tourist attractions have launched new products to meet their demand. Data from online travel platform Agoda showed that Vietnam is one of the five most favourite destinations of international tourists for Tet. The leading sources of travellers during this occasion will be the RoK, Singapore, China, Hong Kong (China), and Japan. Major travel companies in the RoK like HantaTour, Very Good Travel, and Kyowon Tour Travel Easy reported that the number of Korean tourists booking Tet tours has increased about 50% year on year, and Phu Quoc…

Source: VietnamPlus

Airplane, train tickets almost sold out, bus seats available as Tet nears | Society | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Hanoi (VNA) – Just 10 days left to the Lunar New Year (Tet) – the biggest and longest festival in a year of Vietnamese people, almost all airplane and train tickets on key routes for this occasion have been sold out, while there is not a lack of means of road transport. This year, the Tet holiday lasts seven days from February 8 – 14 (from the 29th day of the last lunar month of the Year of the Cat to the fifth day of the first lunar month of the Year of the Dragon). To meet increasing travel demand, airlines have proactively added aircraft, increased transport capacity on many routes, and organised more flights in the early morning and…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Society, Issues, Transportation, Business, Transportation and Logistics, Aviation, Recreation, Travel

PM urges drastic actions to ensure traffic safety during Tet | Society | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Hanoi (VNA) – Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh has called for drastic actions to ensure traffic order and safety during the Lunar New Year (Tet) holiday and spring festivals, as heavy traffic is forecast. In a dispatch sent to relevant ministries, agencies, and localities on January 29, the leader highlighted the communications work to promote the observance of traffic rules. Specifically, the Minister of Transport was asked to instruct the Department for Roads of Vietnam to closely control vehicles through the monitoring system, and promptly handle violations. The Ministry of Transport will direct its units, departments and companies to ensure the quality and safety of passenger and cargo transportation services, with more attention to be paid to Tan Son Nhat…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Society, Issues, Transportation, Business, Transportation and Logistics, Urban Transport, Science, Technology

PM urges great efforts to finish Quang Trach-Pho Noi power line project by mid-2024 | Politics | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Thanh Hoa (VNA) – Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh on January 28 presided over a conference on accelerating the progress of the Quang Trach-Pho Noi power transmission line project in the central province of Thanh Hoa as part of his visit to the project sites, stressing collective efforts to finish the project by mid-2024. The conference was connected with sites in other eight provinces where the transmission line runs through. The 500kV power line connects the central province of Quang Binh and the northern province of Hung Yen, running through seven other localities in between. It consists of four component subprojects, with a total length of 519km and a total investment of about 22.36 trillion VND (908.76 million USD). Its…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Business, Energy, Science, Technology, Consulting, Construction and Maintenance, Marketplaces, Estimating

Nearly 15,500 tonnes of rice allocated for 17 provinces | Society | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Hanoi (VNA) – Seventeen provinces across the country will be provided with nearly 15,500 tonnes of rice to allocate for local residents during the upcoming Tet (Lunar New Year) holiday and the between-crop period in early 2024, said Deputy Director of the General Department of State Reserves (GDSR) Nguyen Thi Pho Giang at a press conference held on January 22. The volume includes 12,876 tonnes of rice for 17 provinces during Tet and 2,618 tonnes of rice for five provinces, namely Gia Lai, Kon Tum, Quang Binh, Dak Lak and Dak Nong, during the between-crop period. As of January 18, over 3,545 tonnes of rice were handed over to Soc Trang province, the GDSR said, adding that the rice inventory…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Science, Environment, Agriculture, Home, Cooking, Safety

Vietnamese beauties bring warm Tet to OVs, border residents | Society | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Hanoi (VNA) – Miss Grand International 2021 Nguyen Thuc Thuy Tien presented nearly 500 gifts and scholarships to Cambodians of the Vietnamese origin with difficulties in Phnom Penh and Kandal province in an effort to bring them a warm and happy Tet (Lunar New Year) Festival. The event was organised by Sen Vang Advertising Commercial JSC, the Vietnam Fatherland Front Committee of Ho Chi minh City, the Khmer-Vietnamese Association in Cambodia, and the Vietnamese Embassy in the country. The beauty said she hopes that the gifts, composing of books, clothing, sweets and essentials, will bring joy to students and disadvantaged families. Miss Ethnic Vietnam 2022 Nong Thuy Hang went to Ha Giang province’s Sao Ha village, where 94% of the…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Business

Bookings for Tet tours on the rise | Travel | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Hanoi (VNA) – Ocean liners bustling at ports, bringing thousands of foreign visitors to Vietnam, and bookings for Tet (Lunar New Year) tours on the rise are among the robust uptick for the tourism sector in 2024, according to insiders. Deputy Director of the Domestic Tourism Division at Saigontourist Travel Services Co.,Ltd Vu Hai Sam said that tours to northern localities, ranging from 9-15 million VND (366-610 USD), have been attractive to visitors. Besides, road trips departing from Ho Chi Minh City to explore such destinations as Bao Loc, Nha Trang, Da Lat, Phan Thiet, Buon Ma Thuot and Mang Den have won favour among customers, he added. Statistics from Saigontourist showed that bookings from the overseas Vietnamese (OVs) have…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Recreation, Travel, Travelogues, Specialty Travel, Sports, Cycling, Business, Hospitality

Campaign promotes smart consumption, plastic waste reduction | Environment | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Hanoi (VNA) – A campaign promoting smart consumption and plastic waste reduction was launched at AEON Mall Ha Dong in Hanoi on January 24. The programme was co-organised by the Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment (ISPONRE), World Wide Fund for Nature in Vietnam (WWF-Vietnam), and other partners including AEON Vietnam. At the launch ceremony, ISPONRE Deputy Director Nguyen Trung Thang said the campaign aimed at mobilising widespread consumer participation in adopting measures to reduce plastic waste while shopping. The initiative seeks to shift consumer behaviour towards environmentally-friendly consumption, especially in the period leading up to the Lunar New Year holiday (called Tet in Vietnamese). According to Thang, during festive occasions like Tet, the volume of…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Science, Environment, Society, Issues, Pollution Prevention and Recycling, Health, Alternative, Non-Toxic Living, Agriculture

PM orders sufficient petrol supply during Tet | Business | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Hanoi (VNA) – Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh has recently signed an official dispatch, ordering competent ministries, sectors and corporations to fully and drastically roll out measures to ensure sufficient petrol supply for production, business and consumption during the Tet (Lunar New Year) holiday which lasts from February 8 to 14 this year and the time ahead. The official dispatch was issued amidst complicated and unpredictable developments across the globe with the risk of energy supply disruptions and rising energy prices. Accordingly, the Minister of the Industry and Trade was asked to keep a close watch on the domestic and global petrol markets, enhance examination and direction to make timely adjustments to the petrol allocation in line with the market…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Business, Investing, Commodities and Futures, Agriculture and Forestry, Marketplaces, Guides, Financial Services, Automobile Buying and Financing

NA Chairman applauds Bac Lieu’s remarkable achievements | Politics | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Bac Lieu (VNA) – National Assembly Chairman Vuong Dinh Hue has congratulated the Mekong Delta province of Bac Lieu on surpassing its 2023 targets, achieving notable and comprehensive results that positioned it among well-performing localities in the region and the country. During a working session with the standing board of the provincial Party Committee on January 25, Chairman Hue asked the provincial Party Organisation and authorities to actively realise resolutions of the eighth plenum of the Party Central Committee and translate the resolutions of the Party, NA and Government into local development tasks. They were required to build action plans to roll out the approved provincial master plan, and effectively implement the NA’s resolution on certain mechanisms and policies for…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Society, Issues, Economic, Poverty, Labor, Home, Home Improvement, Safety and Security, Personal Finance, Retirement, Business

Carrier widens fleet for Tet holiday | Business | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Hanoi (VNA) – To meet a hike in air travel demand during the upcoming Lunar New Year (Tet) holiday, Vietnam Airlines has expanded its fleet by leasing additional aircraft. The national flag carrier recently announced its decision to lease four more Airbus A320s under wet leasing arrangements, aiming to conduct nearly 1,000 additional flights for the longest annual festival in Vietnam which will come early next month. The first additional aircraft landed at Tan Son Nhat International Airport in Ho Chi Minh City on the evening of January 25, while the rest are scheduled to followed suit. Vietnam Airlines, Pacific Airlines, and VASCO under the wing of the Vietnam Airlines Group are anticipated to provide a total of 2.86 million…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Business, Transportation and Logistics, Aviation, Recreation, Travel, Transportation, Multimedia

State, NA leaders pay pre-Tet visits to Long An, Lang Son | Politics | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Hanoi (VNA) – Vice President Vo Thi Anh Xuan on January 25 visited and presented gifts to the public security force of the Mekong Delta province of Long An on the occasion of the Lunar New Year (Tet) festival. Xuan acknowledged and appreciated the achievements gained by the unit in ensuring security and order, as well as in the province’s socio-economic development. She requested the provincial Department of Public Security to promote the achieved results, and continuously innovate their mindset and ways of doing to well complete their assigned political tasks. The Vice President also visited and presented a Tet gift to Heroic Mother Huynh Thi Tieu in the province’s Tan An city. On the same day, Vice Chairman of…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Society, Issues, Warfare and Conflict, Peace, Military, Veterans, Government Operations

Da Nang to offer multiple tourist activities during Tet holiday | Travel | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Da Nang (VNA) – Visitors to the central city of Da Nang and its Son Tra Peninsula in particular on the occasion of the Tet (Lunar New Year) festival will have a chance to participate in a range of cultural and entertainment activities. Nguyen Duc Vu, head of the Son Tra Peninsula and Da Nang tourist beach management board, said there will be check-in models at Bien Dong, Lang Ong and Nguyen Van Thoai parks, My An beach in Ngu Hanh Son district, and other places. My An beach will also host a surfing tournament on January 27-28, and the Xuan Yeu Thuong (Beloved Spring) programme from January 26-28, featuring a menu of activities to promote Vietnamese cuisines in the…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Recreation, Nudism, Places, Sports, Water Sports, Surfing, Volleyball, Outdoors, Soccer, Beach Soccer, Basketball, Beach Basketball

PM askes defence intelligence force to well prepare for tougher tasks | Politics | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Hanoi (VNA) – Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh on January 26 visited officers and soldiers of the Ministry of National Defence’s General Department for Defence Intelligence (General Department II), during which the PM asked them to be prepared to continue completing all assigned tasks in 2024 and following years. Hailing the general department’s efforts and contributions to the common attainments of the country last year, the PM acknowledged the increasing important role of the general department in national construction and defence. He emphasised that as 2024 and following years will continue to see complicated and unpredictable regional and world situation, the General Department II must continue enhancing its strategic forecast capacity, grasping the situation and timely advising the Party and…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Health, Public Health and Safety, Emergency Services, Society, Law, Law Enforcement, Military, Veterans, Government, Defense Ministries, Politics

Domestic aviation industry poised for full recovery in late 2024 | Business | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Hanoi (VNA) – Vietnam’s aviation market is expected to fully recover in late 2024, closely tied to the positive trajectory of the Asia-Pacific, according to the Civil Aviation Authority of Vietnam (CAAV). The agency cited the International Air Transport Association (IATA) as saying that the global aviation industry is forecast to make a full recovery by the end of this year, with the Asia-Pacific to report a net profit of 1.1 billion USD in the year. The Vietnamese aviation sector would serve about 84.2 million passengers this year, up 15% from 2023 and 6% from 2019 when the COVID-19 pandemic broke out. Of the volume, the number of international passengers is set at 42.7 million, representing increases of 15.8% and…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Society, Issues, Transportation, Recreation, Aviation, Business, Transportation and Logistics, Travel

Vietnam durian price rises sharply as Chinese demand surges

Vietnam durian price rises sharply as Chinese demand surges

HANOI: The off-season Monthong durian price in Vietnam has surged 50 per cent compared to the main season last year as traders scrambled to find supply to meet Chinese demand, VnExpress reported Friday (Jan 26). Price of Monthong durian now ranges from 178,000 Vietnamese dong (US$7.23) to 185,000 dong ($7.52) per kilogramme, rising 23 per cent from last month and 50 per cent from last year’s main season which lasts from September to November. The newspaper cited Dang Phuc Nguyen, general secretary of Vietnam Fruits and Vegetables Association, as saying that Chinese people were buying durians in large amounts as gift for the upcoming Lunar New year holiday. Traders said durian prices increased sharply before the holiday as supply is…

Source: The Star
Categories: Business, Agriculture and Forestry, Marketplaces

Tet tours still available for booking: travel firms | Travel | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Hanoi (VNA) – Domestic and foreign tour packages during the upcoming Tet (Lunar New Year) holiday are still available for booking, travel firms have said. High airfare prices are among the reasons why many tourists have cancelled or changed their travel plans for the upcoming holiday, making it a tall order for tour operators to sell trips with airfares. According to Deputy Director of the Domestic Tourism Division at Saigontourist Travel Services Co., Ltd Vu Hai Sam, road trips departing from Ho Chi Minh City, priced from 4.3 million VND (175 USD), have been on offer. Tours to the northern localities, ranging from 9-15 million VND have been attractive to visitors as well, he said. Regarding foreign tours, long-haul trips…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Sports, Cycling, Travel, Business

Tourism gathers speed early in 2024 | Travel | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Hanoi (VNA) – A sudden surge in the number of overseas Vietnamese (OVs) booking domestic tours and the recovery of international arrivals right since the start of 2024 are among positive signs promising a breakthrough year for the tourism industry. Doan Thi Thanh Tra, Director for marketing and communications of the Saigontourist travel service company, said the number of overseas Vietnamese booking services for the Lunar New Year (Tet) holidays via her company has risen “abnormally”. OVs account for up to 80% of all clients booking pre-Tet tours of Saigontourist and 60% of those booking post-Tet tours. The firm has never recorded such a large number of OV travellers before, which is even higher than in the pre-pandemic period of…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Recreation, Travel, Business

Indonesia to spend over RM75.66bil on festive events and the elections in 2024

Indonesia to spend over RM75.66bil on festive events and the elections in 2024

JAKARTA (Vietnam News/ANN): The central bank of Indonesia (BI) has announced that it has allocated funds amounting to 260 trillion IDR (US$16.63 billion — RM 75.66 billion) ahead of major celebrations, including the 2024 elections, Ramadan month, and Hari Raya celebrations in 2024. Deputy Governor of Bank Indonesia Doni Primato Joewono said that the amount is 35% larger than the funds allocated for Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr 2023. In the first four months of this year, there are three significant events in Indonesia, namely the elections, Ramadan and Eid. Funding for them can be 35% higher than that of last year due to inflation and hiking prices. Employers usually give their employees a yearly bonus about a week before Eid,…

Source: The Star
Categories: Society, Government, Finance, Business, Financial Services, Banking Services, Holding Companies, Philanthropy, Hunger Relief, Shopping, Auctions, Boats

President welcomes Governor of Fukuoka prefecture | Politics | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)

Hanoi (VNA) – President Vo Van Thuong hosted a reception in Hanoi on January 22 for Governor of Fukuoka prefecture Hattori Seitaro, the first leader of a Japanese prefecture to visit Vietnam this year. President Thuong said the visit contributed to further deepening the comprehensive strategic partnership for peace and prosperity in Asia and the world between Vietnam and Japan. Commending the fruitful collaboration between Hanoi and Fukuoka, he expressed his hope for the continued development of new and more effective cooperation programmes during the visit. The President suggested the Governor facilitate people-to-people exchanges between Vietnam and Japan, and specifically between Hanoi and Fukuoka, especially holiday tourism for Japanese students to visit Vietnam and vice versa. In addition to encouraging…

Source: VietnamPlus
Categories: Health, Fitness, Advice and Guides, Sports, Martial Arts, Japanese