A Closer Look at Cambodia
Cambodia Formation Date
Cambodia's formation date is November 9, 1953.
Cambodia Capital Name
The capital of Cambodia is Phnom Penh.
Exploring the Enchanting Land of Cambodia: A Cultural CommentaryCambodia, located in Southeast Asia, is a country steeped in rich history, vibrant culture, and breathtaking landscapes. From ancient temples to bustling cities, this small nation has a lot to offer to travelers seeking an authentic and unforgettable experience. As a travel writer and cultural commentator, I invite you to join me on a journey through this fascinating land, where every corner is filled with surprises and wonders.
Key Takeaways:- Cambodia is located in Southeast Asia and shares borders with Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam. - The country's name is derived from the Sanskrit word "Kambuja," which means "born of Kambu," a legendary Indian sage. - Cambodia's history dates back to ancient civilizations, including the powerful Khmer Empire. - The country's economy is primarily based on agriculture, tourism, and garment manufacturing. - Buddhism is the dominant religion in Cambodia, with influences from Hinduism and animism. - The famous Angkor Wat temple complex is a must-visit for tourists.
Geography:Cambodia's geography is diverse and includes plains, mountains, and coastal regions. The Mekong River runs through the country, providing fertile land for agriculture. The Tonle Sap Lake, one of the largest freshwater lakes in Southeast Asia, is also located here. The country is rich in natural resources such as timber, gemstones, and oil. The climate is tropical, with two distinct seasons - dry and wet. The best time to visit Cambodia is from November to April when the weather is pleasant.
Origin and History:Cambodia's history can be traced back to the Funan Kingdom in the first century AD. However, it was during the Khmer Empire (9th to 15th century) that the country reached its peak of power and prosperity. The empire was known for its grand temples, including the iconic Angkor Wat. In the 19th century, Cambodia became a French colony and gained independence in 1953. The country went through a turbulent period during the Khmer Rouge regime in the 1970s, but has since made significant progress in rebuilding and developing.
Government and Politics:Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. The King is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. The country is divided into 25 provinces and one municipality, with Phnom Penh as its capital. Cambodia has close relations with neighboring countries and has been actively involved in regional organizations such as ASEAN.
Commerce and Economy:Agriculture is the backbone of Cambodia's economy, with rice being the main crop. The country also has a growing tourism industry, thanks to its rich cultural heritage and natural beauty. Other important economic sectors include garment manufacturing, construction, and services. Cambodia has trade relations with many countries, including China, Thailand, and Vietnam. The official currency is the Cambodian Riel, but US dollars are widely accepted.
Demographics:Cambodia's population is estimated to be around 16 million, with most people living in rural areas. The majority of the population belongs to the Khmer ethnic group, with small minority groups such as Chinese, Vietnamese, and Cham. Buddhism is the dominant religion, followed by Islam and Christianity. The population is relatively young, with a median age of 25 years.
Culture:Cambodia's culture is a blend of influences from Indian, Chinese, and indigenous traditions. Art and architecture play a significant role in the country's cultural identity, with intricate carvings and sculptures adorning ancient temples and buildings. Traditional music and dance are also important cultural expressions, with the famous Apsara dance being a must-see for visitors. The country celebrates various festivals and holidays, including the Water Festival and Khmer New Year.
Languages and Religion:The official language of Cambodia is Khmer, which is spoken by the majority of the population. French was once widely spoken due to the country's colonial history, but English is now becoming more prevalent, especially in urban areas. Buddhism is the dominant religion, with over 95% of the population practicing it. Hinduism and animism also have a significant influence on Cambodian culture.
Education and Healthcare Systems:Cambodia's education system has made significant progress in recent years, with a focus on improving literacy rates and access to education for all. The country has several universities and technical schools, with English being the primary language of instruction. The healthcare system is still developing, but the government has made efforts to improve access to healthcare for its citizens. Public health initiatives have also been implemented to combat diseases such as malaria and HIV/AIDS.
Sports and Recreation:Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Cambodia, with the national team achieving some success in regional competitions. Other popular sports include martial arts, volleyball, and traditional games such as takraw. The country also has beautiful beaches and islands that offer opportunities for water sports such as diving and snorkeling.
Tourism:Cambodia's tourism industry has grown significantly in recent years, attracting visitors from all over the world. The main tourist attraction is the Angkor Wat temple complex, a UNESCO World Heritage Site that showcases the country's rich history and architecture. Other must-visit places include the capital city of Phnom Penh, with its bustling markets and historical sites, and the coastal town of Sihanoukville, known for its stunning beaches.
Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:To enter Cambodia, visitors must have a valid passport and a visa, which can be obtained upon arrival or online. It is recommended to check the latest visa requirements before traveling. Health and safety should also be a top priority when visiting Cambodia. Vaccinations for diseases such as typhoid, hepatitis A and B, and Japanese encephalitis are recommended. It is also essential to follow local customs and etiquette, such as dressing modestly when visiting temples and removing shoes before entering sacred places. The official currency is the Cambodian Riel, but US dollars are widely accepted. Prices in Cambodia are generally lower than in Western countries, with meals costing around $2-5 USD and budget accommodation starting at $10 USD per night.
Quotes:- "The past is like a handful of dust. It filters through your fingers, disappearing little by little." - Prince Norodom Sihanouk - "The gates of hell are open night and day; smooth the descent, and easy is the way; but to return, and view the cheerful skies, in this the task and mighty labor lies." - Virgil on Angkor Wat - "Cambodia is a small country with a big history." - Prince Norodom Ranariddh
Summary:Cambodia is a country with a rich past, vibrant culture, and promising future. From ancient temples to modern cities, this small nation has something for everyone. Its friendly people, delicious food, and stunning landscapes make it an ideal destination for travelers seeking an authentic experience. As Cambodia continues to develop and grow, it remains a must-visit destination for anyone looking to explore Southeast Asia. In conclusion, Cambodia's unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty makes it a fascinating and enchanting destination. With its friendly people, delicious food, and stunning landscapes, it is a country that will leave a lasting impression on all who visit. Whether you are interested in ancient civilizations, outdoor adventures, or simply soaking up the local culture, Cambodia has it all. So pack your bags and get ready for an unforgettable journey through this enchanting land.
Cambodia Highest Point Name
The highest point in Cambodia is Phnum Aor, which has an elevation of 1813 meters (5941 feet) above sea level.
Cambodia Capital Longitude
Phnom Penh, Cambodia's capital, is located at 11.57 degrees north, 104.92 degrees east.
Cambodia Capital Latitude
Phnom Penh, Cambodia is the capital of the country and it has a latitude of 11.5564° N.
Cambodia Official Languages
Khmer is the official language of Cambodia. English is the most widely spoken second language. French is also taught as a foreign language in some schools and is spoken by some Cambodians, particularly among the older generations. Other languages spoken in Cambodia include Chinese, Vietnamese, and native tribal languages.
Cambodia Ethnic Groups
Cambodia is home to many ethnic groups, the primary ones being the Khmer, who mostly practice Theravada Buddhism, Vietnamese, Chinese, Lao, Cham, Malay, and Khmer Loeu. The Khmer make up 90% of the population and are the predominant ethnic group in Cambodia. The Cham and Malay are mainly Muslim minority groups, while the Chinese are the largest non-Khmer minority group. The Lao, also known as Lao Loum, are an ethnic group descended from Tai-Kadai speakers. The Khmer Loeu are an upland ethnic group living in the remote northeast of the country.
The major religion in Cambodia is Theravada Buddhism, which is practiced by approximately 95% of the population. Other religions include Islam (4%), Hinduism (1%), and Christianity (0.5%). Indigenous beliefs are also practiced throughout the country, often combined with Buddhist traditions. Buddhism has played an important role in shaping the culture of Cambodia, providing moral guidance to the people and helping to unite them as a nation. Followers of various religions live in harmony in the country, and the government has declared religious freedom a fundamental right.
Cambodia Total Area
Cambodia has a total area of 181,035 square kilometers.
Cambodia Land Area
Cambodia has an area of 181,035 square kilometers (69,898 square miles).
Cambodia Water Area
The total area of water in Cambodia is about 6,890 km² (2,654 mi²). This is 1.11% of the total land area. The largest water bodies are the Tonle Sap, located in the center of the country, and the Mekong River, which flows along the western and northern borders. Other noteworthy rivers in Cambodia include the Sekong, Sre Pok, and Sesah. There are also numerous large and small lakes throughout the country, as well as smaller streams, marshes, and estuaries.
Cambodia Total Population
According to the CIA World Factbook, the 2020 estimated population of Cambodia is 16,570,785.
Cambodia Currency Name
The official currency of Cambodia is the Cambodian Riel (KHR).
Cambodia Currency Code
The currency code for Cambodia is KHR.
Cambodia Currency Symbol
The symbol for the currency of Cambodia is Riel (KHR).
Cambodia Time Zones
- Standard Time: UTC+07:00
- Daylight Saving Time: UTC+08:00
Cambodia is in the Indochina Time Zone, UTC+7. Daylight Saving Time is rarely observed in Cambodia. When observed, DST begins at midnight on the last Sunday in April, when the time is shifted forward by 1 hour to UTC+8; DST ends on the last Sunday in October, when the time is shifted back by 1 hour to UTC+7.
Cambodia Calling Code
The country calling code for Cambodia is +855
Cambodia Internet TLD
How to Say "Cambodia" In Different Languages?
- 柬埔寨 (zh-CN)
- Cambodia (en-GB)
- Cambodge (fr-FR)
- Kambodscha (de-DE)
- कंबोडिया (hi-IN)
- Kamboja (id-ID)
- کامبوج (fa-IR)
- קמבודיה (he-IL)
- カンボジア (ja-JP)
- Kemboja (ms-MY)
- Kambodża (pl-PL)
- Camboja (pt-PT)
- Cambodia (ro-RO)
- Камбоджа (ru-RU)
- 캄보디아 (ko-KR)
- Camboya (es-ES)
- กัมพูชา (th-TH)
- Kamboçya (tr-TR)
- Campuchia (vi-VN)
Cambodia Popular Holidays
- International Women's Day
- 8 March
- Khmer New Year
- 14 April (16 April)
- Visak Bochea Day
- 7 May
- Bun Ream Khmer (Moon-Festival)
- 25 May
- King's Birthday
- 13 June
- Constitution Day
- 24 September
- Coronation Day
- 29 October
- Independence Day
- 9 November
- First Ocham Yuel
- 18 November
- Bun Thout Photasom (Festival)
- 13 December