Cambodia

Cambodia is a Southeast Asian nation bordered by Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. Its landscape is a mix of coastal beaches, rivers, mountains and a monsoon climate. Once the seat of the great Khmer empire, Cambodia is now home to unique Khmer culture, including the famed ancient temple complex of Angkor Wat, as well as lush tropical forests and a rich and diverse wildlife. Tourism, garment production and agriculture are its main sources of income.

Tourism in Cambodia: A Festive and Vibrant Experience

Cambodia, a country steeped in rich history and cultural traditions, is a popular tourist destination for travelers seeking a unique and immersive experience. With its bustling cities, ancient temples, and breathtaking natural landscapes, Cambodia has something to offer for every type of traveler. And during the festive season, the country comes alive with an infectious spirit of celebration and joy. In this comprehensive tourist guide, we will explore the best that Cambodia has to offer during this festive time, from must-see attractions to practical tips for a smooth and enjoyable trip.

Introducing the Festive Spirit in Cambodia

The festive season in Cambodia is a time of joy, community, and celebration. From colorful parades to traditional dance performances, the country comes alive with a vibrant energy that is infectious. The streets are adorned with lights and decorations, and the locals are dressed in their finest traditional attire. It’s a time when families come together to celebrate and visitors are welcomed with open arms. The festive spirit is truly palpable in Cambodia during this time.

Unique Tourist Attractions during the Festive Season

While Cambodia has numerous tourist attractions throughout the year, there are some that are particularly popular during the festive season. The Angkor Wat temple complex is a must-visit for its stunning architecture and historical significance. During the festive season, the temples are lit up with colorful lights, creating a magical atmosphere. Another popular attraction is the Royal Palace in Phnom Penh, where visitors can witness traditional dance performances and explore the beautiful gardens.

General Overview of Tourist Attractions

Aside from the festive season, Cambodia has a wealth of tourist attractions that are worth exploring. The capital city of Phnom Penh is a bustling metropolis with a mix of modern and traditional architecture. The coastal city of Sihanoukville offers stunning beaches and a laid-back atmosphere, while the city of Siem Reap is the gateway to the famous Angkor Wat temples. Other must-visit destinations include the ancient city of Battambang, the scenic Kampot province, and the peaceful island of Koh Rong.

Important Places to Visit in Cambodia

Cambodia is home to many important historical and cultural sites that are worth visiting. The Angkor Archaeological Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is home to numerous temples and ancient ruins dating back to the Khmer Empire. The Killing Fields of Choeung Ek and the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum are important places to visit for a deeper understanding of Cambodia’s tragic past. Other notable destinations include the Banteay Srei temple, the Tonle Sap Lake, and the Kep National Park.

Activities for Tourists in Cambodia

From exploring ancient temples to indulging in local cuisine, there are plenty of activities for tourists to enjoy in Cambodia. For adventure seekers, there are opportunities for trekking, zip-lining, and kayaking in the country’s lush jungles. Food lovers can take cooking classes and sample traditional dishes at local markets. And for those looking for a more relaxed experience, there are plenty of spas and wellness centers offering traditional Khmer massages and treatments.

Infrastructure and Transportation in Cambodia

Cambodia has a well-developed infrastructure with a variety of transportation options for tourists. The most popular mode of transportation is tuk-tuks, which are affordable and convenient for short distances. Buses and trains are also available for longer journeys between cities. During the festive season, it is recommended to book transportation in advance as there may be an influx of tourists.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

Foreign visitors to Cambodia are required to obtain a visa before entering the country. The most common way to obtain a visa is upon arrival at the airport or border crossing, where a tourist visa can be purchased for $30 USD. However, it is recommended to apply for an e-visa in advance to avoid any delays or complications.

Health and Safety

It is important for tourists to take precautions for their health and safety while traveling in Cambodia. It is recommended to get vaccinated for diseases such as hepatitis A and typhoid before visiting the country. Mosquito-borne illnesses such as dengue fever and malaria are also a concern, so it is advisable to use insect repellent and take necessary precautions. It is also important to be aware of your surroundings and avoid any demonstrations or political gatherings.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Cambodia has a unique culture with its own customs and traditions that should be respected by visitors. When visiting temples, it is important to dress modestly and remove shoes before entering. Public displays of affection are not common in Cambodian culture, so it is best to refrain from this in public. It is also considered polite to greet locals with a smile and a slight bow.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Cambodia is the Cambodian riel, but US dollars are widely accepted in tourist areas. It is recommended to carry small denominations of both currencies for convenience. Credit cards are accepted at larger establishments, but it is always advisable to have some cash on hand for smaller purchases.

Festive Activities in Cambodia

The festive season in Cambodia offers unique experiences for tourists to indulge in. From traditional dance performances to street festivals, there is something for everyone during this time. Visitors can also participate in local traditions such as making offerings at temples or joining in on a game of traditional Khmer chess. These activities not only provide a glimpse into Cambodian culture but also allow for a deeper connection with the local community.

Connecting Festive Activities to Cambodian Traditions

The festive season in Cambodia is deeply rooted in the country’s traditions and customs. For example, the Water Festival, also known as Bon Om Touk, is a celebration of the end of the rainy season and is accompanied by boat races and colorful parades. This tradition dates back to ancient times when farmers would celebrate the abundance of water for their crops. By participating in these activities, tourists can gain a deeper understanding and appreciation for Cambodian culture.

Infrastructure and Transit during the Festive Season

During the festive season, Cambodia experiences a surge in tourism, which can lead to overcrowding and delays in public transportation. It is advisable to plan ahead and book transportation in advance to avoid any inconvenience. Tuk-tuks are a convenient option for short distances, but it is important to negotiate the fare before getting in. It is also recommended to have a map or GPS app on hand to navigate through crowded streets.

Accommodation Options in Cambodia

From luxury resorts to budget-friendly hostels, Cambodia offers a range of accommodation options for tourists. During the festive season, it is advisable to book accommodations in advance as they tend to fill up quickly. For a unique experience, visitors can stay in traditional Khmer homes or eco-lodges that promote sustainable tourism practices. It is important to research and read reviews before booking to ensure a comfortable and safe stay.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Cambodia is known for its vibrant markets and shopping districts where visitors can find unique souvenirs that embody the country’s culture. The Russian Market in Phnom Penh and the Old Market in Siem Reap are popular destinations for traditional handicrafts, clothing, and souvenirs. It is important to bargain when shopping at markets, as prices are often inflated for tourists. Visitors can also support local businesses by purchasing handmade products from social enterprises that empower marginalized communities.

Technology and Connectivity

While Cambodia may not have the most advanced technology, it is still relatively easy to stay connected while traveling. Most hotels and restaurants offer free Wi-Fi, and SIM cards can be purchased at the airport or local shops for a reasonable price. There are also various apps available for navigation, language translation, and booking events or activities. It is recommended to download these apps before arriving in Cambodia.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

For those looking for a more sustainable and eco-friendly travel experience, Cambodia offers various options for outdoor adventures. Visitors can explore the country’s lush jungles on a trekking or zip-lining tour, or go kayaking in the scenic countryside. It is important to choose tour operators that promote responsible tourism practices and support local communities.

Local Festivals and Events

Aside from the major festivals during the festive season, there are also smaller local festivals and events taking place throughout Cambodia. These events offer a more intimate experience and provide an opportunity to interact with locals. The Pchum Ben festival, also known as the Festival of the Dead, is a traditional Buddhist event where offerings are made to honor ancestors. The Bunong New Year celebration in Mondulkiri province is another unique event where visitors can witness traditional dances and rituals.

Practical Advice and Tips

It is important to plan and budget accordingly when traveling to Cambodia during the festive season. Prices for accommodations and transportation may be higher during this time, so it is advisable to book in advance. It is also important to be aware of your surroundings and take necessary precautions for safety. It is recommended to have travel insurance and carry a copy of important documents such as passports and visas.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide for Cambodia

Practical Information

The best time to visit Cambodia is from November to February when the weather is cool and dry. The festive season, which includes major holidays such as Christmas and New Year’s, falls within this period. It is important to note that during April, the country experiences a heatwave, and many businesses may be closed for the Khmer New Year holiday.

Country Events

The Water Festival in November and the Angkor Sangkran celebration in April are two of the most popular events during the festive season. Visitors can witness traditional boat races, street parades, and other cultural performances during these events. It is advisable to check the event schedule beforehand and purchase tickets in advance if necessary.

Suitable Attire

Cambodia has a tropical climate, so lightweight and breathable clothing is recommended. However, it is important to dress modestly when visiting temples or other religious sites. For festive occasions, it is appropriate to wear traditional Khmer attire, which can be purchased at local markets.

Local Customs and Practices

To show respect for local customs and practices, it is important to follow certain dos and don’ts while in Cambodia. It is considered impolite to touch someone’s head or point with your feet. When visiting temples, it is customary to remove shoes before entering and avoid showing too much skin. It is also important to ask for permission before taking photos of locals.

Language Assistance

While Khmer is the official language of Cambodia, English is widely spoken in tourist areas. However, learning a few basic phrases in Khmer can go a long way in interacting with locals and showing respect for their culture. It is also helpful to have a translation app on hand for any language barriers.

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergencies, it is important to have the following contact numbers on hand:

– Police: 117
– Ambulance: 119
– Fire Department: 118

In conclusion, Cambodia offers a unique and unforgettable experience for tourists during the festive season. From its vibrant festivals and cultural traditions to its stunning landscapes and friendly locals, there is something for everyone in this beautiful country. With this comprehensive tourist guide, visitors can make the most of their trip to Cambodia and create lasting memories. So pack your bags and get ready to immerse yourself in the festive spirit of Cambodia!

Cambodia: A Country of Rich History and Vibrant Culture

Cambodia, officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia, is a country located in Southeast Asia. It shares borders with Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam, and has a coastline along the Gulf of Thailand. With a population of over 16 million people, Cambodia is a country rich in history, culture, and natural beauty. In this article, we will explore some interesting statistics about this fascinating country.

Population and Demographics

The latest data from the World Bank shows that as of 2021, Cambodia’s population stands at 16.7 million people. This makes it the 71st most populous country in the world. The majority of the population (around 90%) is of Khmer ethnicity, with small minorities of Chinese, Vietnamese, and other ethnic groups.

The median age in Cambodia is 25.8 years, making it one of the youngest countries in the world. The life expectancy at birth is 69 years for males and 74 years for females. The literacy rate is at 79%, with more males (84%) being literate compared to females (74%).

Economy and GDP

Cambodia’s economy has been steadily growing over the years, with an average annual GDP growth rate of 7% from 1995 to 2019. In 2020, however, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the GDP growth rate dropped to -3.1%. The main contributors to Cambodia’s economy are agriculture, tourism, and manufacturing.

In terms of GDP per capita, Cambodia ranks at 149th in the world with $1,590 as of 2020. However, there is a significant income disparity between urban and rural areas. The poverty rate in Cambodia stands at 13.5%, with a large portion of the population living in rural areas and relying on agriculture for their livelihood.

Tourism and Attractions

Cambodia is a popular tourist destination, with its rich history and stunning landscapes. In 2019, the country welcomed over 6.6 million international tourists, making it the second most visited country in Southeast Asia after Thailand. The most popular tourist attraction in Cambodia is the Angkor Wat temple complex, which attracts over 2 million visitors annually.

Other popular destinations include the capital city of Phnom Penh, the coastal town of Sihanoukville, and the idyllic island of Koh Rong. The tourism industry contributes significantly to Cambodia’s economy, providing jobs and income for many locals.

Religion and Culture

The official religion of Cambodia is Theravada Buddhism, which is practiced by around 95% of the population. Other religions include Islam, Christianity, and Animism. Buddhism has a significant influence on Cambodian culture, with many traditional ceremonies and customs being based on Buddhist beliefs.

One of the most important cultural events in Cambodia is the Khmer New Year, which takes place in mid-April. This three-day celebration is a time for families to gather, pay respects to their ancestors, and participate in traditional games and activities.

Conclusion

Cambodia may be a small country, but it has a rich history and culture that continues to fascinate people from all over the world. From its ancient temples to its bustling cities and serene beaches, there is something for everyone in this beautiful country. As Cambodia continues to develop and grow, it remains a must-visit destination for travelers looking for an authentic Southeast Asian experience.

Sources:

  • https://data.worldbank.org/country/cambodia
  • https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/cambodia-population/
  • https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/cambodia/
  • https://www.lonelyplanet.com/cambodia
  • What is the capital of Cambodia?
    The capital of Cambodia is Phnom Penh.
  • What is the official language of Cambodia?
    The official language of Cambodia is Khmer.
  • What is the currency used in Cambodia?
    The currency used in Cambodia is the Cambodian riel (KHR).
  • What is the time zone of Cambodia?
    The time zone of Cambodia is Indochina Time (UTC+07:00).
  • What is the population of Cambodia?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Cambodia is around 16.7 million.
  • What are some popular dishes in Cambodian cuisine?
    Some popular dishes in Cambodian cuisine include amok, lok lak, and fish amok.
  • What are some traditional musical instruments in Cambodia?
    Some traditional musical instruments in Cambodia include the khim, chapey dong veng, and tro khmer.
  • What are some popular songs in Cambodian music?
    Some popular songs in Cambodian music include 'Chnam Oun Dop Pram Mouy' by Sin Sisamouth and 'Srolanh Oun Min Bek Bong' by Preap Sovath.
  • What are some must-visit tourist attractions in Cambodia?
    Some must-visit tourist attractions in Cambodia include Angkor Wat, the Killing Fields, and Sihanoukville Beach.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Cambodia?
    Most visitors to Cambodia will need a visa. You can obtain a visa on arrival or apply for an e-visa before your trip.
  • What is the best time of year to visit Cambodia?
    The best time to visit Cambodia is during the dry season, which runs from November to April.
  • What is the weather like in Cambodia?
    Cambodia has a tropical climate with two distinct seasons: a rainy season from May to October and a dry season from November to April.
  • What are some traditional customs and etiquette in Cambodia?
    Some traditional customs and etiquette in Cambodia include greeting others with a bow, removing shoes before entering someone's home, and using both hands when giving or receiving items.
  • Is it safe to drink tap water in Cambodia?
    No, it is not safe to drink tap water in Cambodia. It is recommended to stick to bottled or filtered water.
  • What is the voltage and power outlet type in Cambodia?
    The voltage in Cambodia is 230V and the power outlet type is Type A, C, and G.
  • What are some common means of transportation in Cambodia?
    Some common means of transportation in Cambodia include tuk-tuks, motorbikes, taxis, and buses.
  • What are some important phrases to know in Khmer?
    Some important phrases to know in Khmer include 'Hello' (sous-dey), 'Thank you' (aw-kun), and 'How much?' (tlay pohn-maen?).
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Cambodia?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Cambodia include silk scarves, silver jewelry, and traditional handicrafts such as pottery and wood carvings.
  • Are there any cultural or religious customs I should be aware of when visiting Cambodia?
    Yes, it is important to be respectful of Buddhist customs and traditions when visiting Cambodia. This includes dressing modestly when visiting temples and not touching or pointing at religious statues.
  • What is the dress code for visiting temples in Cambodia?
    When visiting temples in Cambodia, it is recommended to dress conservatively, covering your shoulders and knees.
  • What is the tipping etiquette in Cambodia?
    Tipping is not expected in Cambodia, but it is appreciated for good service. A 10% tip is usually sufficient.
  • What are some popular festivals and holidays in Cambodia?
    Some popular festivals and holidays in Cambodia include Khmer New Year, Pchum Ben (Ancestors' Day), and Water Festival.
  • Is bargaining common in Cambodia?
    Yes, bargaining is common in markets and street stalls in Cambodia. It is expected to negotiate for a lower price.
  • What is the main mode of communication in Cambodia?
    The main mode of communication in Cambodia is Khmer. However, many people also speak English, especially in tourist areas.
  • What are some important safety tips for traveling in Cambodia?
    Some important safety tips for traveling in Cambodia include being aware of your surroundings, avoiding walking alone at night, and taking caution when using transportation services.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting beaches in Cambodia?
    No, there is no specific dress code for visiting beaches in Cambodia. However, it is recommended to dress modestly out of respect for local customs.
  • Are credit cards widely accepted in Cambodia?
    Credit cards are not widely accepted in Cambodia, especially outside of major cities. It is recommended to carry cash when traveling.
  • What is the emergency number in Cambodia?
    The emergency number in Cambodia is 117 for police, 118 for fire, and 119 for medical emergencies.
  • What is the main religion in Cambodia?
    The main religion in Cambodia is Theravada Buddhism.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting the Royal Palace in Phnom Penh?
    Yes, there is a strict dress code for visiting the Royal Palace in Phnom Penh. Visitors must cover their shoulders and knees, and remove their shoes before entering.
  • What is the drinking age in Cambodia?
    The legal drinking age in Cambodia is 18 years old.
  • Are there any specific vaccinations required for visiting Cambodia?
    There are no specific vaccinations required for visiting Cambodia, but it is recommended to be up to date on routine vaccinations and to consult with a healthcare professional before traveling.
  • What are some popular activities for tourists in Cambodia?
    Some popular activities for tourists in Cambodia include visiting historical sites, exploring nature and wildlife, and trying local cuisine.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting the temples at Angkor Wat?
    Yes, there is a dress code for visiting the temples at Angkor Wat. Visitors must cover their shoulders and knees, and remove their shoes before entering.
  • Are there any restrictions on photography in Cambodia?
    Photography is generally allowed in public places in Cambodia, but it is important to ask for permission before taking photos of people or religious sites.
  • What is the tipping etiquette for tour guides and drivers in Cambodia?
    It is customary to tip tour guides and drivers in Cambodia, usually around 10% of the total cost of the tour.
  • What are some popular modes of transportation for getting around cities in Cambodia?
    Some popular modes of transportation for getting around cities in Cambodia include tuk-tuks, taxis, and motorbikes.
  • What is the dress code for visiting traditional villages in Cambodia?
    There is no specific dress code for visiting traditional villages in Cambodia, but it is recommended to dress modestly out of respect for local customs.
  • Are there any specific entry requirements for traveling to Cambodia during COVID-19?
    Yes, there are currently restrictions on entry into Cambodia due to COVID-19. It is recommended to check with the Cambodian embassy or consulate for the most up-to-date information before traveling.
  • What are some popular outdoor activities in Cambodia?
    Some popular outdoor activities in Cambodia include hiking, cycling, and kayaking.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting markets and street stalls in Cambodia?
    There is no specific dress code for visiting markets and street stalls in Cambodia, but it is recommended to dress comfortably and modestly.
  • What are some common scams to watch out for when traveling in Cambodia?
    Some common scams to watch out for when traveling in Cambodia include overcharging for goods or services, fake charities, and pickpocketing.
  • What are some popular destinations for ecotourism in Cambodia?
    Some popular destinations for ecotourism in Cambodia include the Cardamom Mountains, Koh Kong Conservation Corridor, and Mondulkiri Province.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting museums and historical sites in Cambodia?
    There is no specific dress code for visiting museums and historical sites in Cambodia, but it is recommended to dress comfortably and modestly.
  • What are some common modes of transportation for traveling between cities in Cambodia?
    Some common modes of transportation for traveling between cities in Cambodia include buses, taxis, and domestic flights.
  • What is the main source of income for people in Cambodia?
    The main source of income for people in Cambodia is agriculture, with rice being the primary crop.
  • Are there any restrictions on bringing medications into Cambodia?
    Yes, there are restrictions on bringing certain medications into Cambodia. It is recommended to check with the Cambodian embassy or consulate for the most up-to-date information before traveling.

A Closer Look at Cambodia

Cambodia Flag

Cambodia

Cambodia Formation Date

Cambodia's formation date is November 9, 1953.

Cambodia Capital Name

The capital of Cambodia is Phnom Penh.

Cambodia Neighbours

  1. Laos Laos
  2. Myanmar Myanmar
  3. Thailand Thailand
  4. Vietnam Vietnam

Exploring Cambodia

Exploring the Enchanting Land of Cambodia: A Cultural Commentary

Cambodia, located in Southeast Asia, is a country steeped in rich history, vibrant culture, and breathtaking landscapes. From ancient temples to bustling cities, this small nation has a lot to offer to travelers seeking an authentic and unforgettable experience. As a travel writer and cultural commentator, I invite you to join me on a journey through this fascinating land, where every corner is filled with surprises and wonders.

Key Takeaways:

- Cambodia is located in Southeast Asia and shares borders with Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam. - The country's name is derived from the Sanskrit word "Kambuja," which means "born of Kambu," a legendary Indian sage. - Cambodia's history dates back to ancient civilizations, including the powerful Khmer Empire. - The country's economy is primarily based on agriculture, tourism, and garment manufacturing. - Buddhism is the dominant religion in Cambodia, with influences from Hinduism and animism. - The famous Angkor Wat temple complex is a must-visit for tourists.

Geography:

Cambodia's geography is diverse and includes plains, mountains, and coastal regions. The Mekong River runs through the country, providing fertile land for agriculture. The Tonle Sap Lake, one of the largest freshwater lakes in Southeast Asia, is also located here. The country is rich in natural resources such as timber, gemstones, and oil. The climate is tropical, with two distinct seasons - dry and wet. The best time to visit Cambodia is from November to April when the weather is pleasant.

Origin and History:

Cambodia's history can be traced back to the Funan Kingdom in the first century AD. However, it was during the Khmer Empire (9th to 15th century) that the country reached its peak of power and prosperity. The empire was known for its grand temples, including the iconic Angkor Wat. In the 19th century, Cambodia became a French colony and gained independence in 1953. The country went through a turbulent period during the Khmer Rouge regime in the 1970s, but has since made significant progress in rebuilding and developing.

Government and Politics:

Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. The King is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. The country is divided into 25 provinces and one municipality, with Phnom Penh as its capital. Cambodia has close relations with neighboring countries and has been actively involved in regional organizations such as ASEAN.

Commerce and Economy:

Agriculture is the backbone of Cambodia's economy, with rice being the main crop. The country also has a growing tourism industry, thanks to its rich cultural heritage and natural beauty. Other important economic sectors include garment manufacturing, construction, and services. Cambodia has trade relations with many countries, including China, Thailand, and Vietnam. The official currency is the Cambodian Riel, but US dollars are widely accepted.

Demographics:

Cambodia's population is estimated to be around 16 million, with most people living in rural areas. The majority of the population belongs to the Khmer ethnic group, with small minority groups such as Chinese, Vietnamese, and Cham. Buddhism is the dominant religion, followed by Islam and Christianity. The population is relatively young, with a median age of 25 years.

Culture:

Cambodia's culture is a blend of influences from Indian, Chinese, and indigenous traditions. Art and architecture play a significant role in the country's cultural identity, with intricate carvings and sculptures adorning ancient temples and buildings. Traditional music and dance are also important cultural expressions, with the famous Apsara dance being a must-see for visitors. The country celebrates various festivals and holidays, including the Water Festival and Khmer New Year.

Languages and Religion:

The official language of Cambodia is Khmer, which is spoken by the majority of the population. French was once widely spoken due to the country's colonial history, but English is now becoming more prevalent, especially in urban areas. Buddhism is the dominant religion, with over 95% of the population practicing it. Hinduism and animism also have a significant influence on Cambodian culture.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

Cambodia's education system has made significant progress in recent years, with a focus on improving literacy rates and access to education for all. The country has several universities and technical schools, with English being the primary language of instruction. The healthcare system is still developing, but the government has made efforts to improve access to healthcare for its citizens. Public health initiatives have also been implemented to combat diseases such as malaria and HIV/AIDS.

Sports and Recreation:

Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Cambodia, with the national team achieving some success in regional competitions. Other popular sports include martial arts, volleyball, and traditional games such as takraw. The country also has beautiful beaches and islands that offer opportunities for water sports such as diving and snorkeling.

Tourism:

Cambodia's tourism industry has grown significantly in recent years, attracting visitors from all over the world. The main tourist attraction is the Angkor Wat temple complex, a UNESCO World Heritage Site that showcases the country's rich history and architecture. Other must-visit places include the capital city of Phnom Penh, with its bustling markets and historical sites, and the coastal town of Sihanoukville, known for its stunning beaches.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

To enter Cambodia, visitors must have a valid passport and a visa, which can be obtained upon arrival or online. It is recommended to check the latest visa requirements before traveling. Health and safety should also be a top priority when visiting Cambodia. Vaccinations for diseases such as typhoid, hepatitis A and B, and Japanese encephalitis are recommended. It is also essential to follow local customs and etiquette, such as dressing modestly when visiting temples and removing shoes before entering sacred places. The official currency is the Cambodian Riel, but US dollars are widely accepted. Prices in Cambodia are generally lower than in Western countries, with meals costing around $2-5 USD and budget accommodation starting at $10 USD per night.

Quotes:

- "The past is like a handful of dust. It filters through your fingers, disappearing little by little." - Prince Norodom Sihanouk - "The gates of hell are open night and day; smooth the descent, and easy is the way; but to return, and view the cheerful skies, in this the task and mighty labor lies." - Virgil on Angkor Wat - "Cambodia is a small country with a big history." - Prince Norodom Ranariddh

Summary:

Cambodia is a country with a rich past, vibrant culture, and promising future. From ancient temples to modern cities, this small nation has something for everyone. Its friendly people, delicious food, and stunning landscapes make it an ideal destination for travelers seeking an authentic experience. As Cambodia continues to develop and grow, it remains a must-visit destination for anyone looking to explore Southeast Asia. In conclusion, Cambodia's unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty makes it a fascinating and enchanting destination. With its friendly people, delicious food, and stunning landscapes, it is a country that will leave a lasting impression on all who visit. Whether you are interested in ancient civilizations, outdoor adventures, or simply soaking up the local culture, Cambodia has it all. So pack your bags and get ready for an unforgettable journey through this enchanting land.

Cambodia Highest Point Name

The highest point in Cambodia is Phnum Aor, which has an elevation of 1813 meters (5941 feet) above sea level.

Cambodia Capital Longitude

Phnom Penh, Cambodia's capital, is located at 11.57 degrees north, 104.92 degrees east.

Cambodia Capital Latitude

Phnom Penh, Cambodia is the capital of the country and it has a latitude of 11.5564° N.

Cambodia Official Languages

Khmer is the official language of Cambodia. English is the most widely spoken second language. French is also taught as a foreign language in some schools and is spoken by some Cambodians, particularly among the older generations. Other languages spoken in Cambodia include Chinese, Vietnamese, and native tribal languages.

Cambodia Ethnic Groups

Cambodia is home to many ethnic groups, the primary ones being the Khmer, who mostly practice Theravada Buddhism, Vietnamese, Chinese, Lao, Cham, Malay, and Khmer Loeu. The Khmer make up 90% of the population and are the predominant ethnic group in Cambodia. The Cham and Malay are mainly Muslim minority groups, while the Chinese are the largest non-Khmer minority group. The Lao, also known as Lao Loum, are an ethnic group descended from Tai-Kadai speakers. The Khmer Loeu are an upland ethnic group living in the remote northeast of the country.

Cambodia Religions

The major religion in Cambodia is Theravada Buddhism, which is practiced by approximately 95% of the population. Other religions include Islam (4%), Hinduism (1%), and Christianity (0.5%). Indigenous beliefs are also practiced throughout the country, often combined with Buddhist traditions. Buddhism has played an important role in shaping the culture of Cambodia, providing moral guidance to the people and helping to unite them as a nation. Followers of various religions live in harmony in the country, and the government has declared religious freedom a fundamental right.

Cambodia Total Area

Cambodia has a total area of 181,035 square kilometers.

Cambodia Land Area

Cambodia has an area of 181,035 square kilometers (69,898 square miles).

Cambodia Water Area

The total area of water in Cambodia is about 6,890 km² (2,654 mi²). This is 1.11% of the total land area. The largest water bodies are the Tonle Sap, located in the center of the country, and the Mekong River, which flows along the western and northern borders. Other noteworthy rivers in Cambodia include the Sekong, Sre Pok, and Sesah. There are also numerous large and small lakes throughout the country, as well as smaller streams, marshes, and estuaries.

Cambodia Total Population

According to the CIA World Factbook, the 2020 estimated population of Cambodia is 16,570,785.

Cambodia Currency Name

The official currency of Cambodia is the Cambodian Riel (KHR).

Cambodia Currency Code

The currency code for Cambodia is KHR.

Cambodia Currency Symbol

The symbol for the currency of Cambodia is Riel (KHR).

Cambodia Time Zones

  • Standard Time: UTC+07:00
  • Daylight Saving Time: UTC+08:00

Cambodia is in the Indochina Time Zone, UTC+7. Daylight Saving Time is rarely observed in Cambodia. When observed, DST begins at midnight on the last Sunday in April, when the time is shifted forward by 1 hour to UTC+8; DST ends on the last Sunday in October, when the time is shifted back by 1 hour to UTC+7.

Cambodia Calling Code

The country calling code for Cambodia is +855

Cambodia Internet TLD

www.aveholidays.kh

How to Say "Cambodia" In Different Languages?

Chinese
柬埔寨 (zh-CN)
English
Cambodia (en-GB)
French
Cambodge (fr-FR)
German
Kambodscha (de-DE)
Hindi
कंबोडिया (hi-IN)
Indonesian
Kamboja (id-ID)
Persian
کامبوج (fa-IR)
Hebrew
קמבודיה (he-IL)
Japanese
カンボジア (ja-JP)
Malay
Kemboja (ms-MY)
Polish
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Cambodia Popular Holidays

International Women's Day
8 March
Khmer New Year
14 April (16 April)
Visak Bochea Day
7 May
Bun Ream Khmer (Moon-Festival)
25 May
King's Birthday
13 June
Constitution Day
24 September
Coronation Day
29 October
Independence Day
9 November
First Ocham Yuel
18 November
Bun Thout Photasom (Festival)
13 December

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Upcoming Holidays in Cambodia

National and Public Holidays in Cambodia next days/week/month/year

International Women’s Day (IWD): 8 March

International Women’s Day (IWD), celebrated annually on 8 March, is a global holiday devoted to recognizing the social, cultural, economic, and political achievements of women. It is also a call to action for accelerating gender equality and challenging the biases that interact with the current gender norms. This celebration of female achievement is a reminder of the challenges women still face, from wage and opportunity inequality, to access to healthcare. IWD is a reminder to recognize and honor all women around the world.

International Women Day in Cambodia

"Experience the vibrant celebration of womanhood in Cambodia during their annual national holiday, International Women's Day. Immerse yourself in the rich culture and traditions of this Southeast Asian country while honoring the achievements and progress of women across the globe. A must-visit for every empowered traveler."

Khmer New Year Day (Day 1) in Cambodia

As the sun rises over the vibrant streets of Cambodia, the air is filled with excitement and anticipation for the start of Khmer New Year Day. This national festival celebrates the beginning of a new lunar year with colorful parades, traditional dances, and delicious feasts. Join in on the festivities and immerse yourself in the rich culture of this beautiful country.

Khmer New Year Day (Day 2) in Cambodia

As the sun rises over the ancient temples of Angkor Wat, the vibrant streets of Cambodia come alive with the joyful celebrations of Khmer New Year Day. This national festival is a colorful and lively affair, filled with traditional dances, music, and delicious food. Immerse yourself in the rich culture and traditions of this beautiful country on this special observance holiday.

Khmer New Year Day (Day 3) in Cambodia

As the sun rises on Day 3 of Khmer New Year in Cambodia, the streets come alive with vibrant celebrations and traditional rituals. This national festival, also known as Chaul Chnam Thmey, is a time for families to gather, temples to be adorned, and blessings to be exchanged. A must-visit for cultural enthusiasts!

Vesak Day

Vesak Day is the holiday celebrated by Buddhists to commemorate the birth, enlightenment, and passing away of Siddhartha Gautama, the founder of Buddhism. It is celebrated annually on the full moon day in May.

Asahna Bucha Day

Asahna Bucha Day is a Buddhist holiday celebrated in Thailand. The day marks the day of enlightenment of Siddhartha Gautama, who would later become the Buddha. To commemorate the day, people gather in temples to hear sermons, chant passages from the scripture, and meditate. Additionally, Buddhists practice the ‘Threefold Reflection’ and make merit by donating food and drink to monks. Celebrations also include releasing of birds and animals in captivity.

Buddhist Lent

Buddhist Lent is an annual Thai festival celebrated by the Theravada Buddhist community during the 3-month hot season. It is also known as “Khao Phansa” which means “entering the rains” as it is the start of the monsoon season. During this time, many Thais observe a fast from dawn until dusk and dedicate their time to Buddhist studies and practice. People also visit local monasteries and temples to make merit which is believed to bring blessings and divine protection for the whole of the coming year.

Constitutional Day in Cambodia

Greetings, and a warm welcome to Constitutional Day in the beautiful and vibrant country of Cambodia! It is an important milestone in the history of the country, and a great time to celebrate. Constitutional Day is a public holiday in Cambodia.

Commemoration Day of King’s Father in Cambodia

Today we celebrate the Commemoration Day of King’s Father, Cambodia, one of the most important dates in the nation’s history. This holiday serves as a reminder of the legacy left behind by King Norodom Sihanouk, the country’s father and a beloved figure in the hearts of Cambodians. During his lifetime, King Sihanouk led his people into prosperity as he worked to transform the nation into a thriving, modern society.

Upcoming Festivals in Cambodia

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Special Working Day in Taiwan

Welcome to 'Special Working Day, Taiwan.' For nearly a decade, we, the people of Taiwan, have commemorated this day by gathering together and recognizing those who strive to make our nation a better place. Special Working Day is a working day on weekend in Taiwan.

Yukon Heritage Day in Canada

Join the celebration of Canada's rich cultural legacy on Yukon Heritage Day. Held annually on the first Monday in August, this public holiday pays homage to the diverse traditions and customs of the Yukon Territory. From street performances to traditional feasts, experience the vibrancy of this unique Canadian festival.

Founding Day Public Sector Holiday in Saudi Arabia

"As the vibrant culture of Saudi Arabia continues to thrive, the Founding Day Public Sector Holiday stands as a testament to the country's rich heritage and development. Celebrated nationwide, this public holiday honours the establishment of Saudi Arabia and its significance in shaping the nation. Join in the festivities and discover the beauty of this local holiday."

Defender of the Fatherland Day in Belarus

"Belarus' Defender of the Fatherland Day, a national holiday celebrated annually on February 23rd, pays tribute to the brave men and women who have dedicated their lives to protecting their country. This festival showcases the rich cultural heritage and unbreakable spirit of the Belarusian people. A must-visit for any curious traveler."

Defender of the Fatherland Day in Russia

This year, on February 23rd, Russia celebrates Defender of the Fatherland Day, a national holiday honoring the courage and dedication of its armed forces. This day is marked with parades, fireworks, and heartfelt tributes to the brave men and women who protect and defend the nation. A must-see experience for any traveler!

Emperor’s Birthday in Japan

"Experience the grandeur and tradition of a National Holiday in Japan as the entire country celebrates the Emperor's Birthday. From colorful parades to elaborate ceremonies, immerse yourself in the rich cultural heritage of Japan on this highly-anticipated observance day. Don't miss out on the festivities and book your trip to Japan now!"

Navam Full Moon Poya Day in Sri Lanka

"Experience the spiritual and cultural significance of Navam Full Moon Poya Day in Sri Lanka, a national holiday observed by Buddhists. Immerse yourself in ancient rituals and colourful processions during this festival of lights, as devotees gather to pay homage to Lord Buddha. A must-see for any traveller seeking a unique and insightful cultural experience."

Mashramani (Republic Day) in Guyana

"Experience the vibrant celebrations of Mashramani, Guyana's national festival and observance of Republic Day. Immerse yourself in the colorful parades, lively music, and mouth-watering cuisine that showcase the country's rich cultural heritage. A must-see for any traveler seeking an unforgettable holiday in South America!"

Defender of the Fatherland Day in Kyrgyzstan

"Join the vibrant celebrations of Defender of the Fatherland Day in Kyrgyzstan, a national holiday honoring the bravery and sacrifice of those who have fought for their country. With colorful parades, traditional music and local delicacies, this festival is a true testament to the strong patriotic spirit of the Kyrgyz people."

National Day in Brunei

"Experience the vibrant colors and rich traditions of Brunei on their National Day, a joyous public holiday celebrated on February 23rd. Immerse yourself in local cultural performances, indulge in mouth-watering delicacies, and witness the grand parade showcasing the country's pride and patriotism. A must-visit for any cultural enthusiast and travel aficionado."

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