Mongolia is a landlocked country in East-Central Asia. About the size of Alaska, it is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south. It is one of the world’s most sparsely populated countries, with a population of just over 3 million people. Rich in culture and history, it has preserved much of its nomadic traditions and Buddhist heritage, offering visitors an immersive experience in an ancient way of life.

Tourism in Mongolia: A Cultural and Adventurous Journey

Mongolia, a land of vast landscapes and rich cultural heritage, is a country that has been gaining popularity among tourists in recent years. With its unique blend of modernity and tradition, Mongolia offers an unforgettable experience for travelers seeking a one-of-a-kind adventure. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I invite you to join me on a journey through this fascinating country, exploring its festive spirit, tourist attractions, activities, infrastructure, and more.

Introducing the Festive Spirit of Mongolia

The festive season in Mongolia is a time of joy and celebration, with traditional customs and rituals being passed down through generations. The most significant festival in Mongolia is Naadam, held every July to commemorate the country’s independence. This three-day event features traditional sports such as horse racing, wrestling, and archery, as well as cultural performances and local food stalls. The vibrant atmosphere and communal spirit during Naadam make it a must-visit for tourists.

Unique Tourist Attractions in Mongolia

Aside from the Naadam festival, Mongolia has many other unique tourist attractions that are particularly popular during this time. One of the most famous is the Gobi Desert, known for its stunning sand dunes and camel rides. The ancient city of Karakorum is another must-see destination, once the capital of the Mongol Empire and now home to historic ruins and Buddhist monasteries.

General Overview of Tourist Attractions

Mongolia is a country filled with natural wonders and cultural treasures. The vast landscapes offer endless opportunities for outdoor adventures such as hiking, camping, and horseback riding. The country is also home to many national parks, including the famous Gorkhi-Terelj National Park, where visitors can witness the beauty of the Mongolian steppe and spot rare wildlife.

Important Places to Visit

For those interested in history and culture, Mongolia has a lot to offer. The capital city, Ulaanbaatar, is a vibrant hub of museums, galleries, and markets. The National Museum of Mongolia is a must-visit, showcasing the country’s rich history and culture. The Erdene Zuu Monastery, located in Karakorum, is another popular destination, known for its stunning architecture and religious significance.

Activities to Try in Mongolia

Mongolia is a paradise for adventure seekers, with a wide range of activities to try. From trekking through the mountains to camping under the stars, there is something for everyone. For a unique experience, visitors can also stay with nomadic families and learn about their way of life. The country also offers opportunities for skiing, dog sledding, and even eagle hunting.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Mongolia has a well-developed infrastructure that makes traveling around the country easy and convenient. The public transportation system includes buses, trains, and domestic flights, connecting major cities and tourist destinations. Taxis are also readily available in urban areas. However, during peak tourist season, it is advisable to book transportation in advance to avoid any inconvenience.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

Foreign visitors planning to travel to Mongolia must obtain a visa before arrival. The visa application process is relatively straightforward and can be done online or at the nearest Mongolian embassy or consulate. It is essential to check the latest visa requirements before planning your trip as they may change depending on your country of origin.

Health and Safety

As with any travel destination, it is crucial to take necessary health precautions while visiting Mongolia. It is recommended to get vaccinated for common illnesses such as hepatitis A and B, typhoid, and rabies. It is also advisable to carry a first-aid kit and any necessary medications. While Mongolia is generally a safe country, it is always wise to take precautions against petty theft and to be aware of your surroundings.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Mongolia has a unique culture and set of customs that visitors should be aware of to avoid any cultural misunderstandings. It is customary to greet people with a handshake and maintain eye contact while speaking. Visitors should also avoid pointing with their fingers and instead use an open palm. When visiting religious sites, it is essential to dress modestly and remove shoes before entering.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Mongolia is the Mongolian Tugrik (MNT). While credit cards are accepted in major cities, it is advisable to carry cash for smaller purchases. ATMs are also available in urban areas, but they may not be readily available in rural areas. It is recommended to exchange currency at banks or official exchange offices to avoid scams.

Festive Activities in Mongolia

Distinctive Activities and Experiences

The festive season in Mongolia offers many unique activities and experiences for tourists to indulge in. From attending the Naadam festival to trying traditional Mongolian cuisine, there is something for everyone. Visitors can also participate in traditional rituals such as shamanic ceremonies or learn how to make traditional crafts.

Connecting Activities to Country Traditions

Many of the festive activities in Mongolia are deeply rooted in the country’s traditions and cultural practices. For example, the Naadam festival celebrates the three main sports that were once used to train soldiers for battle. Traditional dishes such as buuz (steamed dumplings) and khuushuur (fried meat pies) are also significant parts of Mongolian culture.

Infrastructure and Transit in Mongolia

Efficiency of Public Transportation

During the festive season, the public transportation system in Mongolia experiences a surge in demand. While it is generally efficient, visitors may experience delays or overcrowding during this time. It is advisable to plan ahead and book transportation in advance, especially for long-distance journeys.

Tips for Efficiently Traversing the Country

To efficiently traverse the country during this bustling period, it is recommended to book transportation and accommodations in advance. It is also advisable to have a flexible itinerary and be prepared for unexpected delays. Additionally, learning a few basic phrases in Mongolian can help with communication and navigating the country.

Accommodation Options in Mongolia

Mongolia offers a variety of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference. From luxury hotels to budget-friendly hostels, there is something for everyone. For a unique experience, visitors can also stay in traditional ger camps or with nomadic families to get a taste of the local way of life.

Advantages of Different Accommodations

Luxury hotels offer modern amenities and convenience, while ger camps provide a more authentic experience. Staying with nomadic families allows visitors to immerse themselves in the local culture and learn about their traditions firsthand. Hostels are an excellent option for budget travelers and provide an opportunity to meet other like-minded travelers.

Shopping and Souvenirs in Mongolia

Key Shopping Districts and Markets

The capital city of Ulaanbaatar is the best place to shop for souvenirs and traditional Mongolian items. The State Department Store is a popular destination for tourists, offering a wide range of goods such as cashmere products, traditional clothing, and souvenirs. The Black Market is another popular spot for bargain hunters, with a variety of goods available at affordable prices.

Tips for Finding Unique Souvenirs

When shopping for souvenirs in Mongolia, it is essential to look for items that embody the country’s culture and traditions. Handmade crafts, traditional clothing, and locally produced goods make excellent souvenirs. It is also advisable to support local businesses and avoid purchasing items made from endangered species.

Technology and Connectivity in Mongolia

Staying Connected

While traveling in Mongolia, staying connected may be a concern for some visitors. However, most major cities and tourist destinations have access to internet services. It is advisable to purchase a local SIM card upon arrival for affordable data plans. Wi-Fi is also available in many hotels and cafes.

Recommended Apps

To navigate the country efficiently, there are several apps that visitors can use. Google Maps is a useful tool for directions and finding nearby attractions. For language translation, Google Translate or iTranslate are excellent options. For booking accommodations and tours, Airbnb and Tripadvisor are reliable choices.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures in Mongolia

Eco-Friendly Travel Options

Mongolia has many eco-friendly travel options for visitors who want to minimize their impact on the environment. There are several tour companies that offer sustainable tours, focusing on responsible tourism practices such as reducing waste and supporting local communities. Visitors can also participate in volunteer programs that promote environmental conservation.

Outdoor Activities

Mongolia’s vast landscapes provide endless opportunities for outdoor adventures. Hiking, camping, and horseback riding are popular activities among tourists. The country also offers skiing and dog sledding during the winter months. For a unique experience, visitors can also go on a nomadic horse trek and live with a local family for a few days.

Local Festivals and Events in Mongolia

Smaller Local Festivals and Events

Aside from the major festivals such as Naadam, there are many smaller local festivals and events taking place around the country. These events offer a glimpse into the daily lives of Mongolians and their traditions. Some examples include the Ice Festival in Khuvsgul, the Golden Eagle Festival in Bayan-Ulgii, and the Thousand Camel Festival in the Gobi Desert.

Practical Advice and Tips for Traveling in Mongolia

Budgeting for the Trip

Mongolia is generally an affordable destination for travelers, but it is essential to budget accordingly. Accommodations and transportation costs may increase during peak tourist season, so it is advisable to plan ahead and book in advance. It is also recommended to have some cash on hand for smaller purchases and tipping.

Safety Tips

Mongolia is a safe country for tourists, but it is always wise to take precautions. It is recommended to avoid walking alone at night and to be aware of your surroundings. It is also essential to respect local customs and practices to avoid any misunderstandings.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide for Mongolia

As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I hope this guide has provided you with valuable insights into traveling in Mongolia. Here is a summary of practical information to help you plan your trip:

– The optimal time to visit Mongolia is during the summer months (June-August) when the weather is mild, and major festivals take place.
– Some not-to-be-missed events include the Naadam festival, Ice Festival, Golden Eagle Festival, and Thousand Camel Festival.
– It is recommended to dress in layers as the weather can be unpredictable. Traditional Mongolian clothing such as the del (long robe) and deel (tunic) are suitable for both men and women.
– When visiting religious sites, it is essential to dress modestly and remove shoes before entering.
– To honor local customs, it is advisable to ask for permission before taking photos of people or their belongings.
– Learning a few basic phrases in Mongolian, such as “hello” (sain baina uu) and “thank you” (bayarlalaa), can go a long way in communicating with locals.
– In case of emergencies, the following numbers may be helpful:
– Police: 102
– Fire Department: 101
– Ambulance: 103

In conclusion, Mongolia offers a unique blend of adventure, culture, and tradition that is sure to captivate any traveler. With its stunning landscapes, vibrant festivals, and warm hospitality, this country has something for everyone. So pack your bags and get ready for an unforgettable journey through the heart of Asia

Mongolia: A Country of Vast Landscapes and Fascinating Statistics

Mongolia, a landlocked country located in East Asia, is known for its vast landscapes, nomadic culture, and rich history. But beyond these well-known aspects, Mongolia also boasts some fascinating statistics that give insight into the country’s economy, population, and culture. In this article, we will delve into some of the most interesting statistics about Mongolia.


Mongolia’s economy is largely based on agriculture, mining, and tourism. According to the World Bank, Mongolia’s GDP was $12.6 billion in 2020, with a growth rate of 5.3%. The country’s main export products include copper, gold, coal, and cashmere. In recent years, Mongolia has seen a rise in foreign investment in its mining sector, which has contributed to its economic growth.

GDP (2020) $12.6 billion
GDP Growth Rate (2020) 5.3%

Mongolia’s currency is the Tugrik (MNT), and as of August 2021, the exchange rate was 2,899 MNT to 1 USD. The country’s inflation rate was at 2.7% in 2020, which is relatively low compared to other countries in the region.


As of July 2021, Mongolia’s population was estimated to be around 3.2 million people. The country has a relatively low population density of 2 people per square kilometer due to its vast land area. The majority of the population (67%) lives in urban areas, with the capital city of Ulaanbaatar being the most populous city.

Population (July 2021) 3.2 million
Population Density 2 people per sq km

Mongolia has a young population, with a median age of 28 years old. The life expectancy at birth is 68 years for males and 75 years for females. The country has a relatively high literacy rate of 97%, with education being highly valued in Mongolian culture.

Culture and Society

Mongolia has a rich cultural heritage, influenced by its nomadic lifestyle and history as an empire. The country is known for its traditional music, dance, and art, which are still preserved and celebrated today. Buddhism is the predominant religion in Mongolia, with around 53% of the population practicing it.

The traditional Mongolian diet consists of dairy products, meat, and grains, reflecting the nomadic lifestyle of herding and hunting. However, in recent years, there has been a rise in processed and imported foods in urban areas.

Nomadic Lifestyle

Mongolia is one of the few countries in the world where nomadic culture is still prevalent. Around 30% of the population still lives a traditional nomadic lifestyle, moving with their herds across the vast steppes. This way of life has been passed down for generations and is an integral part of Mongolian culture.

Nadaam Festival

One of the most significant cultural events in Mongolia is the Nadaam Festival, held annually in July. This festival celebrates the country’s traditional sports of horse racing, archery, and wrestling. It is a time for people to come together, showcase their skills, and celebrate their heritage.

Gender Equality

Mongolia has made significant progress in terms of gender equality, with women holding important positions in politics and business. In 2019, Mongolia ranked 53rd out of 153 countries in the Global Gender Gap Index, which measures gender-based gaps in economic participation, education, health, and political empowerment.


Mongolia may be a small country, but it is rich in culture, history, and natural resources. Its economy is growing steadily, and its population is young and vibrant. The country’s nomadic lifestyle and traditional values add to its unique charm. With its fascinating statistics and vibrant culture, Mongolia is a country worth exploring and learning about

  • What is the capital of Mongolia?
    The capital of Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar.
  • What is the official language of Mongolia?
    The official language of Mongolia is Mongolian.
  • What is the currency used in Mongolia?
    The currency used in Mongolia is the Mongolian Tugrik (MNT).
  • What is the population of Mongolia?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Mongolia is 3.3 million.
  • What is the national dish of Mongolia?
    The national dish of Mongolia is called buuz, which are steamed dumplings filled with meat and vegetables.
  • What is the traditional music of Mongolia?
    The traditional music of Mongolia is called throat singing, or khoomei, which involves producing multiple pitches simultaneously.
  • What are some popular Mongolian songs?
    Some popular Mongolian songs include "Uyahan Zambuulin" by Altai Khangai, "Mongol Nutag" by Namjilyn Norovbanzad, and "Khoomii Shivee" by Egschiglen.
  • What are some popular tourist destinations in Mongolia?
    Some popular tourist destinations in Mongolia include the Gobi Desert, Lake Khuvsgul, and the capital city Ulaanbaatar.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Mongolia?
    It depends on your nationality. Some countries are exempt from needing a visa for stays up to 30 days, while others require a visa for any length of stay. It is best to check with the Mongolian embassy or consulate in your country for specific visa requirements.
  • What is the best time of year to visit Mongolia?
    The best time of year to visit Mongolia is during the summer months (June-August) when the weather is warm and dry. However, if you are interested in winter activities such as skiing or ice fishing, then the winter months (December-February) may be a better time to visit.
  • What are some traditional festivals and celebrations in Mongolia?
    Some traditional festivals and celebrations in Mongolia include Naadam, which is a three-day festival featuring horse racing, wrestling, and archery competitions, and Tsagaan Sar, which is the Mongolian lunar new year.
  • What is the transportation system like in Mongolia?
    The transportation system in Mongolia is not as developed as other countries. The most common form of transportation is by bus, but there are also trains and domestic flights available.
  • Is English widely spoken in Mongolia?
    English is not widely spoken in Mongolia, but you can usually find someone who speaks at least basic English in major cities and tourist areas.
  • What are some traditional crafts and souvenirs to buy in Mongolia?
    Some traditional crafts and souvenirs to buy in Mongolia include cashmere products, handmade carpets and rugs, traditional clothing such as dels and deels, and Mongolian artwork.
  • Are there any health concerns for travelers in Mongolia?
    There are no major health concerns for travelers in Mongolia. However, it is recommended to get vaccinated for hepatitis A and typhoid before traveling. It is also important to drink bottled water and be cautious of food hygiene.
  • What should I pack for a trip to Mongolia?
    It is recommended to pack warm clothing, especially if traveling during the winter months. Other essential items include a good pair of hiking shoes, sunscreen, insect repellent, and any necessary medications.
  • Is it safe to travel to Mongolia?
    Mongolia is generally a safe country for travelers. However, it is important to take precautions against pickpocketing and scams in tourist areas. It is also recommended to avoid traveling alone at night.
  • What are some traditional games and sports in Mongolia?
    Some traditional games and sports in Mongolia include archery, horse racing, wrestling, and anklebone shooting.
  • What is the climate like in Mongolia?
    The climate in Mongolia is mostly continental with cold winters and hot summers. The Gobi Desert region experiences extreme temperature fluctuations throughout the year.
  • What is the time zone of Mongolia?
    The time zone of Mongolia is UTC+8, which is 8 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
  • Are there any cultural norms or customs I should be aware of when visiting Mongolia?
    Some cultural norms and customs to be aware of when visiting Mongolia include removing your shoes before entering someone's home, offering and receiving items with your right hand, and showing respect for elders.
  • Can I use my credit/debit cards in Mongolia?
    Credit and debit cards are not widely accepted in Mongolia. It is recommended to carry cash (preferably local currency) when traveling.
  • What are some common dishes in Mongolian cuisine?
    Some common dishes in Mongolian cuisine include khuushuur (fried meat pies), tsuivan (stir-fried noodles), and airag (fermented mare's milk).
  • What is the legal drinking age in Mongolia?
    The legal drinking age in Mongolia is 18 years old.
  • What is the dress code for visiting religious sites in Mongolia?
    It is recommended to dress modestly when visiting religious sites in Mongolia, covering your shoulders and knees.
  • Can I use my cell phone in Mongolia?
    It is possible to use your cell phone in Mongolia, but it may be expensive. It is recommended to purchase a local SIM card or use international roaming services.
  • What are some common modes of transportation within Ulaanbaatar?
    Some common modes of transportation within Ulaanbaatar include buses, taxis, and the city's subway system.
  • Are there any restrictions on photography in Mongolia?
    There are no specific restrictions on photography in Mongolia, but it is always polite to ask for permission before taking photos of people or religious sites.
  • What are some popular outdoor activities in Mongolia?
    Some popular outdoor activities in Mongolia include hiking, horseback riding, camping, and bird watching.
  • Is it customary to tip in Mongolia?
    Tipping is not expected in Mongolia, but it is appreciated for exceptional service. It is also common to round up the bill at restaurants.
  • What is the emergency number in Mongolia?
    The emergency number in Mongolia is 102 for police, 103 for ambulance, and 101 for fire department.
  • Can I rent a car in Mongolia?
    Yes, it is possible to rent a car in Mongolia. However, road conditions can be challenging, and it is recommended to hire a driver who is familiar with the area.
  • What are some traditional medicines used in Mongolia?
    Some traditional medicines used in Mongolia include herbal remedies and acupuncture.
  • What is the voltage and plug type used in Mongolia?
    The voltage in Mongolia is 230V, and the plug type is C/F (European standard). It is recommended to bring a universal adapter if your devices use a different plug type.
  • Are there any restrictions on bringing medication into Mongolia?
    It is recommended to bring a copy of your prescription when traveling with medication to Mongolia. Some medications may require special permits, so it is best to check with the Mongolian embassy or consulate before traveling.
  • What is the tipping etiquette for tour guides and drivers in Mongolia?
    It is customary to tip tour guides and drivers in Mongolia. A tip of 10-15% of the total cost of the tour is appropriate.
  • What are some traditional Mongolian games for children?
    Some traditional Mongolian games for children include shagai (anklebone shooting), tob-lu (knucklebones), and khoroolol (a game similar to hopscotch).
  • Is there a dress code for visiting monasteries in Mongolia?
    It is recommended to dress modestly when visiting monasteries in Mongolia, covering your shoulders and knees. Women should also cover their heads.
  • What are some common greetings and phrases in Mongolian?
    Some common greetings and phrases in Mongolian include "sain baina uu?" (how are you?), "bayarlalaa" (thank you), and "sain uu?" (good).
  • What is the legal age for smoking in Mongolia?
    The legal age for smoking in Mongolia is 18 years old.
  • Are there any restrictions on bringing alcohol into Mongolia?
    You are allowed to bring up to 2 liters of alcohol into Mongolia without paying customs duties. Anything above that amount may be subject to taxation.
  • What are some traditional forms of art in Mongolia?
    Some traditional forms of art in Mongolia include throat singing, morin khuur (horsehead fiddle) playing, and traditional dance.
  • Can I use my electric appliances in Mongolia?
    Mongolia uses a 230V/50Hz electrical system, so if your appliances are compatible with this voltage and frequency, you can use them with a plug adapter. However, it is recommended to check the voltage and frequency of your appliances before using them in Mongolia.
  • What are some common modes of transportation for traveling between cities in Mongolia?
    Some common modes of transportation for traveling between cities in Mongolia include domestic flights, trains, and long-distance buses.
  • Is it possible to visit the Gobi Desert as a day trip from Ulaanbaatar?
    It is not recommended to visit the Gobi Desert as a day trip from Ulaanbaatar due to the long distance (approximately 400 km). It is best to plan at least a few days for a trip to the Gobi Desert.

A Closer Look at Mongolia

Mongolia Flag


Mongolia Formation Date

Mongolia declared its independence on July 11, 1921.

Mongolia Capital Name

The capital of Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar.

Mongolia Neighbours

  1. China China
  2. India India
  3. Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
  4. Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan
  5. Tajikistan Tajikistan

Exploring Mongolia

Discovering the Enchanting Land of Mongolia: A Cultural Commentary and Travel Guide

Mongolia, a landlocked country in East Asia, is often referred to as the "Land of the Blue Sky" due to its vast blue skies and open landscapes. Located between China and Russia, Mongolia has a rich history and culture that has captivated travelers for centuries. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I invite you to join me on a journey to explore this fascinating country.

Key Takeaways:

  • Mongolia is a landlocked country located in East Asia.
  • The country is known for its vast blue skies and open landscapes.
  • Mongolia has a rich history and culture that has captivated travelers for centuries.
  • The country is bordered by China and Russia.


Mongolia is the world's second-largest landlocked country, covering an area of over 1.5 million square kilometers. The country is home to diverse physical features, including vast steppes, deserts, mountains, and lakes. The Gobi Desert, located in southern Mongolia, is one of the largest deserts in the world. The Altai Mountains, located in western Mongolia, are known for their stunning peaks and glaciers. Mongolia is also rich in natural resources such as coal, copper, gold, and uranium. The country's climate is continental, with long, cold winters and short summers. The weather can be unpredictable, with temperatures ranging from -40°C in winter to 30°C in summer.

Origin and History:

Mongolia has a long and storied history that dates back to ancient civilizations. The first known inhabitants of the region were nomadic tribes, who lived off the land and herded animals. In the 13th century, Genghis Khan united the nomadic tribes and established the Mongol Empire, which became one of the largest empires in history. In the 20th century, Mongolia came under Soviet rule and remained a communist country until 1990. Since then, the country has transitioned to a democratic system and has seen significant economic growth.

Government and Politics:

Mongolia is a parliamentary republic with a multi-party political system. The country is divided into 21 provinces and one municipality. The government is led by a President, who is elected by popular vote for a four-year term. The Prime Minister is the head of government and is appointed by the President. Mongolia maintains friendly relations with its neighboring countries, China and Russia, and has also established diplomatic ties with other countries around the world. The country is a member of various international organizations, including the United Nations and the World Trade Organization.

Commerce and Economy:

Mongolia's economy is primarily based on agriculture, mining, and tourism. The country is rich in natural resources, which play a significant role in its economy. Mongolia's main exports include copper, gold, coal, and cashmere. In recent years, the country has seen significant growth in its tourism industry. Popular tourist activities include trekking, horseback riding, and visiting historical sites such as Genghis Khan's birthplace. The official currency of Mongolia is the Tugrik (MNT), but US dollars are widely accepted in major cities.


Mongolia has a population of approximately 3 million people, with a majority living in urban areas. The largest ethnic group in Mongolia is Khalkha Mongols, who make up about 85% of the population. Other ethnic groups include Kazakhs, Russians, and Chinese. The population of Mongolia is relatively young, with a median age of 28 years. The country has a high literacy rate of over 97%, with education being highly valued in Mongolian society.


Mongolian culture is deeply rooted in nomadic traditions and customs. The country's art, music, and festivals reflect its nomadic heritage. Traditional Mongolian art includes intricate handcrafted items such as carpets, embroidery, and sculptures. Music plays a significant role in Mongolian culture, with throat singing being a unique and popular form of music. Festivals are an essential part of Mongolian culture, with the most famous being Naadam Festival, which celebrates the three traditional sports of Mongolia: horse racing, wrestling, and archery. Other important holidays include Tsagaan Sar (Lunar New Year) and White Month (a celebration of the first month of winter).

Languages and Religion:

The official language of Mongolia is Mongolian, which is spoken by the majority of the population. There are also several regional dialects spoken in different parts of the country. English is becoming increasingly popular in major cities, especially among younger generations. The dominant religion in Mongolia is Tibetan Buddhism, which was introduced to the country in the 16th century. Shamanism also plays a significant role in Mongolian culture, with many people practicing both Buddhism and Shamanism.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

Mongolia has a well-developed education system, with free primary and secondary education for all children. The country also has several universities and colleges that offer higher education in various fields. The healthcare system in Mongolia has seen significant improvements in recent years. The government has implemented various public health initiatives to improve access to healthcare services for all citizens.

Sports and Recreation:

Mongolians are passionate about sports, with wrestling, horse racing, and archery being the most popular traditional sports. The country has also seen success in international sports, particularly in wrestling and judo. Outdoor activities such as trekking, camping, and horseback riding are popular among tourists and locals alike. Mongolia's stunning landscapes provide the perfect backdrop for these activities.


Mongolia's tourism industry has been growing steadily in recent years, with more and more travelers discovering the country's unique culture and natural beauty. Popular tourist attractions include the Gobi Desert, Lake Khuvsgul, and the capital city of Ulaanbaatar. The country has also seen an increase in eco-tourism, with many travelers interested in experiencing the traditional nomadic way of life. Accommodation options range from luxury hotels to traditional yurts (ger) in the countryside.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

Foreign visitors to Mongolia require a valid passport and visa. Visas can be obtained from Mongolian embassies or consulates abroad or upon arrival at the airport. It is essential to check visa requirements before traveling to Mongolia. Health and safety precautions should be taken when traveling to Mongolia, especially when visiting remote areas. It is recommended to have travel insurance that covers medical expenses and emergency evacuation. Mongolian customs and etiquette are heavily influenced by nomadic traditions. It is important to show respect for local customs and traditions when visiting the country. The official currency is the Tugrik (MNT), but US dollars are widely accepted in major cities.


  • "An army of sheep led by a lion would defeat an army of lions led by a sheep." - Mongolian proverb
  • "The sky is blue forever." - Mongolian saying
  • "May your heart be like a wild horse." - Mongolian proverb

Summary and Future Developments:

Mongolia is a country with a rich history, unique culture, and stunning landscapes. As the country continues to develop and open up to the world, it is sure to attract more and more travelers. With its vast open spaces, traditional way of life, and friendly people, Mongolia offers a truly unforgettable experience for those who visit. As the country's tourism industry grows, there are plans to develop infrastructure and improve transportation to make it easier for travelers to explore the country. However, Mongolia's nomadic heritage and traditional way of life are sure to remain an essential part of its identity. In conclusion, Mongolia is a hidden gem waiting to be discovered by travelers seeking an authentic cultural experience. I hope this article has provided you with valuable insights into this enchanting land and inspired you to plan your next adventure in Mongolia.

Mongolia Highest Point Name

Mongolia's highest point is Khüiten Peak, located in the western Altai Mountains near the border with Russia. The peak is 4,374 m (14,350 ft) tall.

Mongolia Capital Longitude

Ulaanbaatar is the capital city of Mongolia. It is located at an approximate longitude of 106.91°E.

Mongolia Capital Latitude

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia is the capital of the country and it has a latitude of 47.917° N.

Mongolia Official Languages

The official language of Mongolia is Mongolian, which uses the Cyrillic alphabet. Turkic languages, such as Kazakh and Tuvan, are also spoken in Mongolia as well as some Chinese dialects, such as Mandarin and Uyghur.

Mongolia Ethnic Groups

Mongolia, a country in East and Central Asia, is home to a number of different ethnic groups. The population is largely Mongolian, but there are sizable minorities of Kazakhs, Tuvans, Khalkh, Dorvod, Bayad, Buriad, and others. Within the Mongolian majority, Oirat, Buryat, and Khalh are the largest subgroups, and each have their own distinct customs, languages, and histories. Additionally, the country also has small communities of ethnic Russians, Chinese, and Koreans, as well as a population of Tibetan Buddhists. In the far North, close to the Russian border, Evenki, Evens, and other indigenous people make up the Taimyr, Tuva, and Ulchi ethnicities. In the South, near the Chinese border, predominantly Muslim groups such as Uyghur, Kyrgyz, and Tajik form small communities. Overall, Mongolia has a rich and diverse cultural landscape, with many proud ethnic groups living together in harmony.

Mongolia Religions

Mongolia is a multi-religious country.The majority of its population adheres to various forms of Buddhism, which was passed down from Tibet. Other religions in the country include Islam, Christianity, Shamanism, and Tengrism. Shamanism is an ancient belief system that is considered to be the earliest form of religion, still practiced by some Mongolians. Tengrism is an ancient religion and cultural system that combines elements of shamanism, animism, and ancestor worship. Islam spread to Mongolia in the 1600s, and today it is practiced predominantly by the Kazakh, Kyrgyz, and Uyghur peoples. The small number of Protestants and Catholics in Mongolia are mainly foreign expatriates.

Mongolia Total Area

Mongolia is the 19th-largest country in the world, with an area of 1,564,116 square kilometers (250,500 square miles). It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east and west.

Mongolia Land Area

Mongolia covers an area of 1,564,116 square kilometers (604,252 square miles). It is the 19th largest country in the world in terms of land area.

Mongolia Water Area

Mongolia has about 693,972 square kilometers of water area, primarily from its thousands of small lakes, rivers and streams. The country's principal lake is Uvs Nuur, which is located in the northwest and covers an area of 3,350 square kilometers. Mongolia has historically faced water shortages, partly due to decreased rainfall due to climate change.

Mongolia Total Population

As of July 2020, the total population of Mongolia was estimated to be 3,392,529.

Mongolia Currency Name

The currency of Mongolia is the Mongolian Tugrik (MNT).

Mongolia Currency Code

The currency code for Mongolia is MNT.

Mongolia Currency Symbol

Tugrik (MNT)

Mongolia Time Zones

  • UTC+08:00

Mongolia standard time is UTC+8 (ULAT+0800). Daylight savings time is not observed in Mongolia.

Mongolia Calling Code

The country calling code for Mongolia is +976

Mongolia Internet TLD

How to Say "Mongolia" In Different Languages?

Mongolia (en-AU)
Mongolia (en-CA)
蒙古 (zh-CN)
Mongolia (fi-FI)
Mongolie (fr-FR)
Mongolei (de-DE)
Μογγολία (el-GR)
मंगोलिया (hi-IN)
Mongolia (it-IT)
モンゴル (ja-JP)
몽골 (ko-KR)
Mongolië (nl-NL)
Mongolia (pl-PL)
Mongólia (pt-PT)
Монголия (ru-RU)
Mongolia (es-ES)
Mongoliet (sv-SE)
มองโกเลีย (th-TH)
Moğolistan (tr-TR)
Mông Cổ (vi-VN)

Mongolia Popular Holidays

Weekend (Saturday and Sunday)
3 January2020 (30 December 2020)
New Year's Day
1 January
Victory Day
21 January
Forecast Day
8 February
National Flag Day
22 February
Tsagaan Sar - Lunar New Year
24 February (26 February)
State Flag Raising Day
24 February
Lion Dance Festival
28 February
International Women's Day
8 March
Justice Day
21 March
Prophet Muhammad's Birthday
1 April
World Health Day
7 April
Upu Collecting Day
9 April
Good Friday
10 April
Ritual Day of Ichinkhorloo
12 April
12 April
Ignation of Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal's 125 Years Commemoration Day
17 April
Prayer for Rain Day
19 April (20 April)
Scholarship Tryouts to Traditional Scholarships
26 April (27 April)
National Tree Planting Day
30 April
Yaltathem Festival
1 May (3 May)
Labor Day
1 May
Armed Forces Day
7 May
Heifer Fattening Day
11 May
Savjaltai Day of Protection
14 May
National Air Day
15 May
Avraga Festival
20 May (21 May)
Asgara Festival
27 May
Children's Day
1 June
Children's' Day
1 June
Memorial Day for Earthquake Victims
4 June
World Environment Day
5 June
Khoit Tsenkher Festival
9 June
Eagle Festival
10 June (12 June)
National Institutes Day
13 June
Nature and Environment Day
18 June
Regional Tribal Competition
26 June (27 June)
Taishir Festival
10 July
11 July (13 July)
Unveiling of National Standards Ceremony
14 July
Ancestor's Day
15 July
Chinggis Khaan Monument Day
20 July
White Sun Day
27 July
Travel Writing Festival
28 July (30 July)
Unveiling of the Sun Festival
30 July
Chinggis Khaan's Death (Year 1227)
5 August
Day of National Unity
9 August
Co-op Festival and Fair
10 August (13 August)
Literary Day
15 August
Gobi Day of Mongolian Ethnic Groups
16 August
Chungaar Festival
17 August (19 August)
Folk Flower Festival
20 August (21 August)
National Blood Donation Day
25 August
Equipment and Modernization Day
25 August
Turkic States (Gathering of the Turkic World) Day
31 August
International Day of Peace
21 September
Day of Silence
22 September
Citizen's Day
25 September
Women's Initiative Day
25 October
State Seal Raising Day
7 November
Chinggis Khaan's Birthday
11 November
Independence Day
29 November
White Month Festival
1 December (5 December)
Bogd Khan's Coronation Day
8 December
Human Rights Day
10 December
Great National Assembly Day
19 December
25 December
Year End Festival
31 December

We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Mongolia

National and Public Holidays in Mongolia next days/week/month/year

National Children’s Day

Children's Day is an annual holiday celebrated around the world on various days to honor and celebrate children. In the U.S. it is held on the second Sunday in June. It is a day to let children be children, to celebrate the joys of childhood, and to help make the world a better place for children. Activities on Children's Day include family gatherings, plays, concerts, parades, and educational programs. It is a time to remember those who are less fortunate and to recognize the rights of all children.

Repression Victims’ Day in Mongolia

Repression Victims' Day is a observance in Mongolia

Youth’s Day in Mongolia

Youth's Day is a national holiday in Mongolia, celebrated on the 25th of August each year to honor the accomplishments of the country's youth. The celebration includes parades, concerts, and athletic competitions in veneration of the hard work and creativity of the nation's young people.

Elders’ Day in Mongolia

Elders' Day is a observance in Mongolia

Capital City Day in Mongolia

Welcome to Capital City Day in Mongolia! This annual celebration marks the day in which the citizens of Mongolia gather to commemorate their nation’s history, culture and identity. Capital City Day is a observance in Mongolia.

Genghis Khan Day in Mongolia

Mongolia is excited to celebrate Genghis Khan Day! Every year, the people of Mongolia gather to honor the great warrior and leader, who united the Mongolian tribes and brought power to a previously divided land. Genghis Khan Day is a reminder of the great hero's leadership and strength, as well as a time for the people of Mongolia to come together in celebration of a shared bond - the story of Genghis Khan, and his impact on the nation. Genghis Khan Day is a public holiday in Mongolia.

Republic’s Day in Mongolia

Join in the vibrant celebration of Mongolia's National Day on Republic's Day! Experience the rich traditions and customs of this ancient culture as you witness spectacular parades, traditional music and dance performances, and indulge in signature Mongolian cuisine. A truly unforgettable holiday for all! #Mongolia #RepublicsDay #Culture

Human Rights Day in Mongolia

National Human Rights Day in Mongolia is a momentous occasion that celebrates the country's commitment to equality and freedom. From traditional festivals to modern events, this holiday showcases the rich cultural heritage and progress of human rights in this beautiful land. Immerse yourself in the vibrant celebrations and witness the spirit of Mongolia come alive.

New Year’s Day

New Year's Day is celebrated on January 1 and marks the beginning of a new calendar year. It is a public holiday in many countries, including Canada, Australia, and the United States. Traditions include fireworks, parade, and special meals, along with family gatherings and often resolutions for a fresh start. People observe the holiday by counting down the seconds to midnight, watching the ball drop in Times Square, and celebrating with friends and family. To many, the holiday symbolizes a time of renewal, reflection, and hope for the future.

New Year in Mongolia

"Escape the hustle and bustle of the city and ring in the New Year on the vast open plains of Mongolia. Experience the local holiday tradition of Tsagaan Sar, a lunar New Year celebration filled with cultural festivities and delicious traditional cuisine. A unique holiday experience truly off the beaten path."

Upcoming Festivals in Mongolia

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Leap Day in United States of America

Celebrate the extra day of the year in style with Leap Day in the United States of America! This unique observance allows for an additional 24 hours of exploration, making it the perfect time to discover hidden gems and indulge in local traditions. Don't miss out on this special national holiday.

Independence Day in Bangladesh

Independence Day is a government holiday in Bangladesh

Easter Sunday in Switzerland

"Easter Sunday in Switzerland is a delightful blend of festive traditions and stunning alpine scenery. From charming processions and colorful markets, to indulging in delicious chocolate eggs and hiking in the Swiss Alps, this national observance holiday offers a unique cultural experience that will leave visitors in awe."

Easter Sunday in Ecuador

Observance: Experience the vibrant culture and rich traditions of Ecuador on Easter Sunday. Join in the colorful processions and witness the unique blend of Catholic and indigenous beliefs. Explore the beautiful landscapes and indulge in traditional delicacies. A truly enchanting holiday for every traveler.

Easter Sunday in Luxembourg

"Easter Sunday in Luxembourg, a national holiday filled with vibrant traditions and lively celebrations. From the colorful Easter markets to the famous egg hunts, this festive occasion brings the whole community together in a spirit of joy and renewal. A must-visit for anyone looking to immerse themselves in Luxembourg's rich culture and traditions."

Easter Sunday in Slovakia

"Easter Sunday in Slovakia is a beautiful celebration of both religious and cultural traditions. The country comes alive with colorful processions, traditional folk music, and delectable Easter dishes. From the stunning architecture of Bratislava to the quaint villages in the countryside, this observance is a must-see for any traveler seeking an authentic cultural experience." (50 words)

Easter Sunday in Uruguay

"Easter Sunday in Uruguay is a vibrant celebration of faith and culture. From the bustling streets of Montevideo to the tranquil beach towns, the nation comes alive with processions, colorful decorations, and traditional food. Immerse yourself in the local customs and take part in this national holiday that embodies the spirit of Uruguay." (observance)

Easter Sunday in Estonia

Easter Sunday in Estonia is a festive national holiday filled with colorful traditions and local cuisine. From egg painting and traditional church services to indulging in delicious Easter bread and smoked ham, this observance is a must-visit to experience the authentic culture of Estonia.

Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau

"Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau is a vibrant celebration filled with colorful processions, traditional music, and joyful feasts. As a national holiday, it is deeply rooted in the country's rich cultural heritage and serves as a time for families and communities to come together in unity and celebration."

Easter Sunday in Sweden

"Easter Sunday in Sweden is a vibrant celebration of spring's arrival, filled with colorful traditions and mouth-watering feasts. As a national holiday, families gather to decorate eggs, indulge in delicious sweets, and revel in the joyous atmosphere of rebirth and renewal. A must-visit for those seeking a cultural and culinary immersion in Sweden."

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