Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is a large, landlocked country in Central Asia. It bordered by Russia, China, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Kyrgyzstan. Its economy is based mainly on oil production and processing, and is the second largest producer in the Caspian Basin. It has a large ethnic and religious diversity, with over 130 ethnicities and eight religions. The capital city is Nur-Sultan, formerly known as Astana. Kazakhstan is considered a ‘mid-level’ developed country, with a steady economy based on natural resources.

Tourism in Kazakhstan: A Comprehensive Guide for Travelers

Kazakhstan, the ninth largest country in the world, is a hidden gem waiting to be discovered by tourists. With its rich history, diverse landscapes, and unique culture, it offers an unforgettable experience for travelers. And what better time to visit this beautiful country than during its festive season? In this guide, we will take you on a journey through Kazakhstan, highlighting the best tourist attractions, activities, and practical tips for your trip.

The Festive Spirit in Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is known for its warm hospitality and festive spirit. The country celebrates various cultural and religious festivals throughout the year, making it an ideal destination for tourists looking to immerse themselves in local traditions and customs. During these festivals, the streets are filled with vibrant colors, traditional music, and mouth-watering food, creating an atmosphere of joy and communal celebration.

Unique Tourist Attractions

One of the most popular tourist attractions in Kazakhstan is the Charyn Canyon, also known as the “Grand Canyon of Central Asia.” Its stunning rock formations and breathtaking views attract thousands of visitors every year. Other must-visit destinations include the ancient city of Turkistan, the beautiful Lake Kaindy, and the bustling city of Almaty.

Important Places to Visit

Kazakhstan is a country full of hidden gems waiting to be explored. Some of the key tourist destinations include the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the Baikonur Cosmodrome, where you can witness space launches. The capital city of Nur-Sultan (formerly Astana) is also worth a visit for its modern architecture and cultural landmarks.

Activities to Enjoy

From hiking in the mountains to skiing in the winter, Kazakhstan offers a wide range of activities for tourists to enjoy. During the festive season, you can participate in traditional games and sports, such as kokpar (a horseback game) and kyz kuu (a horseback chase). You can also attend cultural performances and try local dishes at food festivals.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Kazakhstan has a well-developed transportation system, making it easy for tourists to get around. The country has an extensive network of buses, trains, and taxis, with affordable fares. During the festive season, there may be a surge in public transportation, so it is advisable to plan your trips in advance.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

Foreign visitors may need a visa to enter Kazakhstan, depending on their nationality. The visa application process is straightforward and can be done online or at the nearest Kazakh embassy or consulate. It is recommended to apply for a visa at least one month before your trip to avoid any delays.

Health and Safety

Kazakhstan is generally a safe country for travelers. However, it is always advisable to take necessary precautions while traveling, such as keeping your valuables safe and avoiding isolated areas at night. It is also recommended to have travel insurance that covers medical emergencies. As with any international trip, it is essential to consult your doctor for any necessary vaccinations before traveling.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Kazakhstan has a diverse population with various ethnic groups and religions. It is important to respect their customs and traditions while visiting the country. For example, it is customary to remove your shoes when entering someone’s home and to dress modestly when visiting religious sites. It is also polite to greet people with a handshake and use formal titles when addressing them.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Kazakhstan is the Kazakhstani tenge (KZT). It is recommended to exchange your currency at authorized exchange offices or banks. Credit and debit cards are widely accepted in major cities, but it is advisable to carry some cash for smaller purchases. It is also common to tip in Kazakhstan, with 10% being the standard amount.

Festive Activities in Kazakhstan

Distinctive Festive Activities

The festive season in Kazakhstan is a time of celebration and joy, with various activities for tourists to indulge in. One of the most unique experiences is attending a traditional Kazakh wedding, where you can witness local customs and rituals. You can also participate in traditional games and dances, such as the dombra (a two-stringed instrument) dance and the zhigitovka (a horseback acrobatics show).

Connecting to Traditions

Many of the festive activities in Kazakhstan are deeply rooted in the country’s traditions and culture. For example, the Nauryz festival, celebrated on March 22nd, marks the beginning of spring and is a time for renewal and new beginnings. You can also learn about Kazakh cuisine by attending food festivals and trying traditional dishes like beshbarmak (meat and noodle dish) and kurt (dried cheese balls).

Infrastructure & Transit during Festive Season

Efficiency of Public Transportation

During the festive season, there may be an increase in public transportation due to the influx of tourists. However, Kazakhstan has a well-organized transportation system that can handle the surge. It is recommended to plan your trips in advance and avoid peak hours to avoid any delays.

Tips for Efficient Traveling

To make the most out of your trip during the festive season, it is essential to plan and book your accommodation and transportation in advance. It is also advisable to have a general idea of the places you want to visit and their opening hours. This will help you make the most of your time and avoid any disappointment.

Accommodation Options

Kazakhstan offers a variety of accommodation options for tourists, from luxury hotels to budget-friendly hostels. During the festive season, it is recommended to book your accommodation in advance as it can get busy. Staying in a traditional yurt (a portable round tent) is also a unique experience that you can consider.

Advantages of Different Accommodations

Luxury hotels offer top-notch amenities and services, while budget-friendly options provide a more authentic experience. Staying in a yurt allows you to experience the nomadic lifestyle and connect with nature. It is also a great way to support local communities.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Key Shopping Districts

Kazakhstan has various shopping districts and markets where you can find everything from traditional handicrafts to modern fashion. Some of the popular shopping destinations include the Green Bazaar in Almaty, the Silk Road Bazaar in Nur-Sultan, and the Kok Bazaar in Shymkent.

Finding Unique Souvenirs

When shopping for souvenirs in Kazakhstan, look for items that reflect the country’s culture and traditions. These can include handmade textiles, traditional musical instruments, and Kazakh jewelry. It is also recommended to buy directly from local artisans or at markets to support the local economy.

Technology and Connectivity

Staying Connected

Kazakhstan has a good internet connection, with free Wi-Fi available in most public places. However, it is advisable to purchase a local SIM card for data usage during your trip. Major cities also have internet cafes where you can access the internet for a small fee.

Recommended Apps

There are several useful apps for travelers in Kazakhstan, such as Google Maps for navigation, Google Translate for language translation, and booking apps for events and activities. It is also recommended to download offline maps and translation apps in case of limited internet access.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Eco-Friendly Travel Options

Kazakhstan has a diverse landscape, with mountains, deserts, and lakes, making it an ideal destination for eco-tourism. You can explore the country’s natural beauty by hiking, horseback riding, or camping. It is essential to practice responsible tourism by respecting the environment and leaving no trace.

Responsible Tourism Practices

To promote environmental sustainability, it is crucial to follow responsible tourism practices while traveling in Kazakhstan. This includes using reusable water bottles, avoiding single-use plastics, and supporting local businesses and communities. It is also important to follow designated trails and campsites to minimize damage to the environment.

Local Festivals and Events

Smaller Local Festivals

In addition to the major festivals celebrated in Kazakhstan, there are also smaller local festivals and events that take place throughout the year. These include the Baikonur Cosmodrome Day in June, the International Zhautykov Olympiad in January, and the Almaty Marathon in April. These events offer a unique insight into the country’s culture and traditions.

Practical Advice and Tips

Budgeting for Your Trip

Kazakhstan is generally an affordable country for tourists. However, it is essential to plan your budget carefully, taking into account the cost of transportation, accommodation, food, and activities. It is also recommended to have some extra cash for emergencies.

Safety Tips

Kazakhstan is a safe country for tourists, but it is always advisable to take necessary precautions. This includes keeping your valuables safe, avoiding isolated areas at night, and following local laws and customs. It is also recommended to have a copy of your passport and important documents in case of theft or loss.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

Practical Information

To make the most out of your trip to Kazakhstan, it is essential to have practical information about the country’s events, ticket acquisition, and venue locations. You can find this information on the official websites of the festivals and events or by contacting the local tourism board.

Optimal Time to Visit

The best time to visit Kazakhstan depends on your preferences and interests. The summer months (June-August) are ideal for outdoor activities, while the winter months (December-February) are perfect for skiing and winter sports. The festive season (March-April) offers a unique cultural experience.

Not-to-be-Missed Events and Activities

Some of the not-to-be-missed events and activities in Kazakhstan include the Nauryz festival, traditional Kazakh weddings, and cultural performances. You can also attend sporting events such as kokpar and kyz kuu. Don’t forget to try the delicious local cuisine and explore the country’s natural beauty.

Suitable Attire

The climate in Kazakhstan varies depending on the region you are visiting. It is recommended to check the weather forecast before your trip and pack accordingly. During festive occasions, it is customary to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites.

Dos and Don’ts

To show respect for the local customs and practices, it is essential to follow certain dos and don’ts while visiting Kazakhstan. For example, it is polite to remove your shoes when entering someone’s home and to avoid discussing sensitive topics like politics or religion.

Language Assistance

While English is widely spoken in major cities, it is always appreciated to learn a few basic phrases in Kazakh or Russian. This will help you interact with the locals and make your trip more enjoyable. You can also download language translation apps for easier communication.

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergencies, it is essential to have the contact numbers for the local police, ambulance, and fire department. These can be found on the official websites of the Kazakh government or by asking your hotel concierge.

In conclusion, Kazakhstan offers a unique and unforgettable experience for tourists, especially during its festive season. With its rich culture, diverse landscapes, and warm hospitality, it is a must-visit destination for any traveler. By following this comprehensive guide, you can make the most out of your trip to this beautiful country. Happy travels!

Kazakhstan: A Country of Rich Culture and Diverse Landscapes

Kazakhstan, a Central Asian country, is the ninth largest country in the world with an area of 2.7 million square kilometers. It shares borders with Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan. The country is known for its rich culture, diverse landscapes, and booming economy. In this article, we will explore the statistics and data that make Kazakhstan a unique and fascinating country.

Population and Ethnicity

According to the latest data from the World Bank, Kazakhstan has a population of approximately 18.8 million people as of 2020. The population is made up of various ethnic groups including Kazakhs (68%), Russians (20%), Uzbeks (3%), Ukrainians (2%), and others (7%). This diversity in ethnicity adds to the cultural richness of the country.

Urbanization

Kazakhstan has a relatively high urbanization rate with 58% of its population living in urban areas. The largest city and capital of Kazakhstan is Nur-Sultan (formerly known as Astana), which has a population of over 1 million people. Other major cities include Almaty, Shymkent, Karaganda, and Aktobe.

Economy

Kazakhstan has one of the fastest-growing economies in Central Asia. According to the World Bank, its GDP grew by 4.5% in 2019 and is expected to grow by 3.7% in 2020 despite the global economic slowdown caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The country’s economy is largely driven by its rich natural resources such as oil, gas, and minerals.

Exports

Kazakhstan’s main exports include oil and gas, metals, chemicals, and agricultural products. In 2019, the country’s total exports were valued at $63.6 billion. Its top export destinations are China, Italy, Russia, France, and the Netherlands.

Tourism

Kazakhstan is also emerging as a popular tourist destination. In 2019, the country welcomed over 8 million tourists, generating a revenue of $3.4 billion. The most visited places in Kazakhstan include the cities of Nur-Sultan and Almaty, the Charyn Canyon, and Lake Balkhash.

Education

Education is highly valued in Kazakhstan with a literacy rate of 99.8%. The country has a well-developed education system with both public and private schools and universities. According to the World Bank, the government spends approximately 3% of its GDP on education.

Higher Education

Kazakhstan has over 130 universities and colleges offering a wide range of programs in various fields including engineering, medicine, business, and humanities. The country is also home to some of the top universities in Central Asia such as Al-Farabi Kazakh National University and Nazarbayev University.

Healthcare

The healthcare system in Kazakhstan has improved significantly in recent years. The country has a universal healthcare system that provides free medical care to its citizens. According to the World Health Organization, life expectancy in Kazakhstan is 73 years.

Major Health Concerns

Like many other countries, Kazakhstan is facing health challenges such as non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and diabetes. The government has implemented various initiatives to address these issues and improve overall healthcare in the country.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Kazakhstan is a diverse and rapidly developing country with a rich culture and booming economy. Its natural resources, growing tourism industry, and focus on education and healthcare make it a promising destination for both tourists and investors. With its unique blend of modernity and traditionalism, Kazakhstan is a country that should definitely be on everyone’s travel list

  • Where is Kazakhstan located?
    Kazakhstan is located in Central Asia, bordered by Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan.
  • What is the capital of Kazakhstan?
    The capital of Kazakhstan is Astana.
  • What is the official language of Kazakhstan?
    The official language of Kazakhstan is Kazakh.
  • What other languages are spoken in Kazakhstan?
    Russian is also widely spoken in Kazakhstan, as well as other minority languages such as Uzbek and Uyghur.
  • What is the currency used in Kazakhstan?
    The currency used in Kazakhstan is the Kazakhstani tenge (KZT).
  • Is Kazakhstan a safe country to visit?
    Yes, Kazakhstan is generally considered a safe country for tourists. However, it is always important to exercise caution and be aware of your surroundings.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Kazakhstan?
    It depends on your nationality. Citizens of some countries are exempt from needing a visa for short-term visits. It is best to check with the Kazakhstani embassy or consulate in your country for specific visa requirements.
  • What is the weather like in Kazakhstan?
    Kazakhstan has a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. The weather can vary greatly depending on the region you are visiting.
  • What are some traditional dishes of Kazakhstan?
    Some traditional dishes of Kazakhstan include beshbarmak (a dish made with boiled meat and noodles), plov (a rice dish), and kazy (a type of sausage).
  • What is the national drink of Kazakhstan?
    The national drink of Kazakhstan is kumis, a fermented mare's milk.
  • What are some popular songs and music in Kazakhstan?
    Kazakhstan has a rich musical tradition, with traditional folk music as well as modern pop and rock music. Some popular songs and artists include "Kozimnin Karasy" by Batyrkhan Shukenov and "Esen" by KeshYou.
  • Is there a dress code in Kazakhstan?
    There is no specific dress code in Kazakhstan, but it is recommended to dress modestly when visiting religious sites or attending formal events.
  • What are some popular tourist destinations in Kazakhstan?
    Some popular tourist destinations in Kazakhstan include Almaty, Astana, and the Altai Mountains.
  • What are some cultural customs and traditions in Kazakhstan?
    Hospitality is an important part of Kazakhstani culture, and it is customary to remove your shoes when entering someone's home. Additionally, it is considered polite to bring a small gift when visiting someone's home.
  • What is the most widely practiced religion in Kazakhstan?
    Islam is the most widely practiced religion in Kazakhstan, followed by Russian Orthodox Christianity.
  • Are there any festivals or events in Kazakhstan?
    Yes, there are several festivals and events held throughout the year in Kazakhstan, including Nauryz (New Year), Victory Day, and Astana Day.
  • Can I drink tap water in Kazakhstan?
    It is generally not recommended to drink tap water in Kazakhstan. It is best to stick to bottled water or boiled water.
  • What is the transportation system like in Kazakhstan?
    Kazakhstan has a well-developed transportation system, with options including buses, trains, and domestic flights.
  • Is it customary to tip in Kazakhstan?
    Tipping is not expected in Kazakhstan, but it is appreciated for exceptional service. A 10% tip at restaurants is considered generous.
  • What is the time zone in Kazakhstan?
    Kazakhstan is divided into three time zones: UTC+5, UTC+6, and UTC+7.
  • What is the voltage and plug type used in Kazakhstan?
    The voltage used in Kazakhstan is 220V and the plug type is Europlug.
  • What are some important phrases to know in Kazakh?
    Some important phrases to know in Kazakh include: Salam (hello), Rahmet (thank you), Menyn adym [your name] (my name is [your name]), and Zdravstvuyte (hello in Russian).
  • Are there any health concerns I should be aware of when visiting Kazakhstan?
    It is recommended to be up-to-date on routine vaccinations before traveling to Kazakhstan. It is also advisable to consult with a doctor before your trip.
  • What is the emergency number in Kazakhstan?
    The emergency number in Kazakhstan is 112.
  • Is English widely spoken in Kazakhstan?
    English is not widely spoken in Kazakhstan, but you may find some English speakers in larger cities and tourist areas.
  • Are credit cards accepted in Kazakhstan?
    Credit cards are accepted at some hotels and restaurants in major cities, but it is always best to have cash on hand when traveling in Kazakhstan.
  • What is the country code for Kazakhstan?
    The country code for Kazakhstan is +7.
  • What is the internet access like in Kazakhstan?
    Internet access is available in most urban areas of Kazakhstan, but it may be limited or unavailable in more remote areas.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting religious sites in Kazakhstan?
    It is recommended to dress modestly when visiting religious sites in Kazakhstan, covering your shoulders and legs.
  • What is the traditional Kazakhstani style of clothing?
    The traditional Kazakhstani style of clothing is characterized by bright colors and intricate embroidery. The most well-known traditional garment is the shapan, a long robe-like coat.
  • Can I bring my pet to Kazakhstan?
    Yes, you can bring your pet to Kazakhstan. However, you will need to obtain a health certificate and meet other requirements set by the Kazakhstani government.
  • What are some popular outdoor activities in Kazakhstan?
    Some popular outdoor activities in Kazakhstan include hiking in the mountains, horseback riding, and camping.
  • What is the legal drinking age in Kazakhstan?
    The legal drinking age in Kazakhstan is 21 years old.
  • Is there a lot of street crime in Kazakhstan?
    Street crime is not a major concern in Kazakhstan, but it is always important to take precautions and be aware of your surroundings.
  • What are some common modes of transportation for locals in Kazakhstan?
    Some common modes of transportation for locals in Kazakhstan include marshrutkas (minibuses), taxis, and private cars.
  • Are there any cultural taboos I should be aware of in Kazakhstan?
    Some cultural taboos in Kazakhstan include pointing at someone with your finger, showing the soles of your feet, and using your left hand to give or receive something.
  • What is the dress code for business meetings in Kazakhstan?
    Business attire is expected for meetings in Kazakhstan, with men wearing suits and ties and women wearing conservative dresses or suits.
  • What is the main mode of transportation for long-distance travel in Kazakhstan?
    The main mode of transportation for long-distance travel in Kazakhstan is by train.
  • Is there a lot of pollution in Kazakhstan?
    Air pollution can be a problem in some cities in Kazakhstan, but it is not a widespread issue throughout the country.
  • What are some traditional crafts and arts in Kazakhstan?
    Some traditional crafts and arts in Kazakhstan include weaving, embroidery, and pottery making.
  • What is the education system like in Kazakhstan?
    The education system in Kazakhstan is free and compulsory for children aged 6-15. Higher education is also available at universities and colleges throughout the country.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Kazakhstan?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Kazakhstan include traditional handicrafts, such as rugs, pottery, and embroidered items.
  • What are some popular sports in Kazakhstan?
    Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Kazakhstan, but other popular sports include ice hockey, boxing, and wrestling.

A Closer Look at Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan Flag

Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan Formation Date

December 16, 1991

Kazakhstan Capital Name

The capital city of Kazakhstan is Nur-Sultan, formerly known as Astana.

Kazakhstan Neighbours

  1. China China
  2. Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan
  3. Turkmenistan Turkmenistan
  4. Uzbekistan Uzbekistan

Exploring Kazakhstan

Introduction

Kazakhstan, located in Central Asia, is a country that has been gaining attention in recent years for its rich culture, stunning landscapes, and growing economy. This landlocked nation is the world's ninth-largest country by land area and has a population of over 18 million people. The name "Kazakhstan" is derived from the Turkic word "qaz", which means "to wander" or "to roam". As a cultural commentator and travel writer, I am excited to delve into the fascinating aspects of this diverse and dynamic country.

Key Takeaways

- Kazakhstan is the world's ninth-largest country by land area. - The name "Kazakhstan" means "to wander" or "to roam". - The country is known for its rich culture, stunning landscapes, and growing economy.

Geography

Kazakhstan is a vast country with diverse physical features. It is bordered by Russia to the north, China to the east, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan to the south, and Turkmenistan to the southwest. The country is divided into three main regions: the steppes in the north, the deserts in the south, and the mountains in the east. These regions are home to various natural resources such as oil, gas, coal, and minerals. The climate in Kazakhstan varies from region to region. The northern part of the country experiences cold winters and hot summers, while the southern region has a subtropical climate with mild winters and hot summers. The country also experiences extreme weather patterns, including strong winds and occasional dust storms.

Origin and History

Kazakhstan has a rich history dating back to ancient civilizations. The territory was once home to nomadic tribes such as the Scythians, Huns, and Turks. In the 13th century, the Mongols invaded and established the Kazakh Khanate, which lasted until the 19th century when the Russian Empire took control. In 1936, Kazakhstan became a Soviet Republic and gained independence in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since then, the country has undergone significant economic and social reforms, becoming one of the fastest-growing economies in Central Asia.

Government and Politics

Kazakhstan is a presidential republic with a strong centralized government. The president holds most of the power, with the prime minister and cabinet members appointed by the president. The country is divided into 14 administrative regions and three major cities, each with its own local government. Kazakhstan maintains good relations with its neighboring countries and has established diplomatic ties with many nations around the world. The country is also a member of several international organizations, including the United Nations and the World Trade Organization.

Commerce and Economy

Kazakhstan's economy is mainly driven by its rich natural resources, particularly oil and gas. The country is one of the top producers of oil in the world and has been investing in diversifying its economy through sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism. Kazakhstan also has strong trade relations with countries like China, Russia, and Germany. The currency used in Kazakhstan is the Kazakhstani tenge (KZT), which has been stable in recent years. The country has made significant progress in reducing poverty and improving living standards for its citizens.

Demographics

Kazakhstan has a diverse population with over 130 ethnic groups. The majority of the population is Kazakh (around 70%), followed by Russians (around 20%), and other ethnic groups such as Uzbeks, Ukrainians, and Germans. The country has a relatively young population, with a median age of 30 years.

Culture

Kazakhstan's culture is a unique blend of its nomadic roots and influences from its neighboring countries. The country is known for its vibrant art, music, and festivals, which reflect the diversity of its people. Traditional Kazakh music includes instruments such as the dombra (a string instrument) and the kobyz (a two-stringed instrument). Some of the popular festivals in Kazakhstan include Nauryz, a celebration of the spring equinox, and Kurban Ait, a festival that marks the end of Ramadan. Traditional Kazakh cuisine is also a significant part of the country's culture, with dishes like beshbarmak (a meat and noodle dish) and kazy (a type of sausage) being popular among locals.

Languages and Religion

The official language of Kazakhstan is Kazakh, but Russian is widely spoken and used in business and education. There are also regional dialects spoken by different ethnic groups. The country has religious freedom, with Islam being the dominant religion (around 70% of the population), followed by Christianity (around 26%) and other religions such as Buddhism and Judaism.

Education and Healthcare Systems

Kazakhstan has made significant progress in improving its education system, with a literacy rate of over 99%. The country has several universities and colleges, including Nazarbayev University, which is ranked among the top universities in Central Asia. The healthcare system in Kazakhstan is also developing, with the government investing in improving access to quality healthcare for its citizens. There are both public and private healthcare facilities available in major cities, with specialized medical centers for various treatments.

Sports and Recreation

Sports play an essential role in Kazakh culture, with traditional sports such as horseback riding and hunting still being popular. The country has also made a name for itself in international sports, with its athletes winning medals in events like boxing, weightlifting, and ice hockey. Kazakhstan also has stunning natural landscapes that offer opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, skiing, and camping. The country is home to several national parks and nature reserves, including the famous Altyn-Emel National Park.

Tourism

Kazakhstan's tourism industry is growing, with more and more people discovering the beauty and diversity of this country. Some of the must-visit tourist attractions include the Charyn Canyon, a stunning canyon with colorful rock formations, and the Kolsai Lakes, a series of three lakes surrounded by breathtaking mountain views. The country also has a well-developed infrastructure for tourism, with modern hotels, restaurants, and transportation options. The capital city of Nur-Sultan (formerly Astana) is a popular destination for its futuristic architecture and cultural landmarks.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

If you are planning to visit Kazakhstan, here are some essential things to keep in mind: - Visa requirements: Most visitors will need a visa to enter Kazakhstan. However, citizens of certain countries can enter visa-free or obtain a visa on arrival. - Health and safety: It is recommended to get travel insurance before visiting Kazakhstan. Tap water is not safe to drink, so it is best to stick to bottled water. It is also advisable to take precautions against mosquito bites as some areas may have cases of malaria. - Local customs and etiquette: Kazakhs are known for their hospitality and respect for elders. It is customary to remove your shoes when entering someone's home and to bring a small gift for your host. - Currency and payment methods: The local currency is Kazakhstani tenge (KZT), but US dollars and euros are also widely accepted. Credit cards are accepted in major cities, but it is best to carry cash for smaller purchases. - Sources: Some useful sources for planning your trip to Kazakhstan include the official tourism website, Visit Kazakhstan, and the US Department of State's travel information page. - Places: Some popular places to visit in Kazakhstan include Nur-Sultan, Almaty, and Shymkent. - Prices: The cost of living in Kazakhstan is relatively affordable, with accommodation, food, and transportation being reasonably priced.

Quotes

- "Kazakhstan is a country of peace and harmony." - Nursultan Nazarbayev - "Kazakhstan is a land of the future." - Kassym-Jomart Tokayev - "Kazakhstan has always been a bridge between East and West." - Dariga Nazarbayeva

Conclusion

Kazakhstan is a country with a rich history, diverse culture, and stunning landscapes. It has made significant progress in recent years, becoming a top destination for travelers looking for unique experiences. With its growing economy and friendly people, Kazakhstan is definitely a country to watch out for in the future.

Kazakhstan Highest Point Name

The highest point in Kazakhstan is Khan Tengri, which has an elevation of 6,995 meters (22,949 ft) above sea level. Khan Tengri is located in the Tian Shan mountain range in the southeast of Kazakhstan, on the border with Kyrgyzstan and China.

Kazakhstan Capital Longitude

Astana, Kazakhstan, the capital of Kazakhstan, has a longitude of 51.1801° E.

Kazakhstan Capital Latitude

The capital of Kazakhstan is Nur-Sultan (formerly known as Astana). The latitude of Nur-Sultan is 51.1801° N.

Kazakhstan Official Languages

The official language of Kazakhstan is Kazakh, a Turkic language that is written in Cyrillic script. Russian is spoken widely in the country as a second language, although it is not an official language. Both Kazakh and Russian are co-official in many spheres of the government and public life in Kazakhstan. Other languages spoken in Kazakhstan include Karakalpak (a Turkic language), Uzbek (a Turkic and Persian language), Uyghur (a Turkic language), Ukrainian, and Tatar (a Kypchak Turkic language).

Kazakhstan Ethnic Groups

Kazakhstan is a multiethnic country home to more than 130 ethnic and cultural groups. The largest ethnic group is Kazakh, making up 64.4% of the population, followed by Russian (19.4%), Uzbek (2.9%), Ukrainian (1.4%), Uyghur (1.2%), Tatar (1.1%), and German (0.9%), as well as other smaller ethnic groups such as Tatars, Chechens, and Koreans. Additionally, a significant number of people in Kazakhstan are Slavs, with many more coming from Asia, the Middle East, and various other parts of the world. The culture of Kazakhstan also encompasses a large variety of minority ethnic and religious groups, such as Jews, Muslims, and various other Christian denominations.

Kazakhstan Religions

Kazakhstan enjoys religious freedom and tolerance, and no religion is officially recognized as the state religion. The majority of the population is adherents of Islam and Orthodox Christianity. Other religions, such as Judaism, Buddhism, and Hinduism are also present in the country. More than half of the population identifies as Sunni Muslims, most of whom are of the Hanafi school of thought. Russian Orthodoxy is the largest Christian denomination with over 600 churches and 28 active monasteries. Other Christian denominations are also represented in the nation, including the Roman Catholic Church, the Armenian Apostolic Church and various Protestant denominations. Other notable religious minority populations include the Korean and German communities, the latter largely Protestant in faith.

Kazakhstan Total Area

2,717,300 square kilometers (1,049,155 square miles)

Kazakhstan Land Area

Kazakhstan has an estimated land area of 2,724,900 square kilometers (1,052,100 square miles).

Kazakhstan Water Area

Kazakhstan has an estimated total water area of 5,280 square miles. This includes lakes, rivers, marshes, and reservoirs. The majority of water in Kazakhstan is fresh, with some saline water resources in the Aral Sea and other areas. The Aral Sea is nearly completely gone, and has caused major environmental issues for the region. The majority of Kazakhstan’s rivers are located in the north of the country and are sourced from melting glaciers in the Kazakhstan mountain ranges, such as the Tien Shan, the Altai, and the Pamirs. In general the water resources of Kazakhstan are over-exploited, and the government’s water resource management program is regulated by the Water Code of Kazakhstan.

Kazakhstan Total Population

According to the World Bank, Kazakhstan's total population size in 2019 was 18,589,939.

Kazakhstan Currency Name

The official currency of Kazakhstan is the Tenge (KZT).

Kazakhstan Currency Code

The currency code for Kazakhstan is KZT.

Kazakhstan Currency Symbol

KZT

Kazakhstan Time Zones

  • UTC+05:00

Kazakhstan is located in the UTC+5 time zone. It does not observe Daylight Saving Time. This means that the time is consistent year round. The UTC time zone is also known as Greenwich Mean Time +05 and Kazakstan Standard Time.

Kazakhstan Calling Code

+7

Kazakhstan Internet TLD

www.aveholidays.kz

How to Say "Kazakhstan" In Different Languages?

Arabic
كازاخستان (ar-SA)
Chinese
哈萨克斯坦 (zh-CN)
Czech
Kazachstán (cs-CZ)
Finnish
Kazakstan (fi-FI)
French
Kazakhstan (fr-FR)
German
Kasachstan (de-DE)
Dutch
Kazachstan (nl-NL)
Hindi
कज़ाखस्तान (hi-IN)
Indonesian
Kazakhstan (id-ID)
Hebrew
קזחסטן (he-IL)
Japanese
カザフスタン (ja-JP)
Norwegian
Kasakhstan (nb-NO)
Polish
Kazachstan (pl-PL)
Romanian
Kazahstan (ro-RO)
Russian
Казахстан (ru-RU)
Spanish
Kazajstán (es-ES)
Swedish
Kazakstan (sv-SE)
Thai
คาซัคสถาน (th-TH)
Turkish
Kazakistan (tr-TR)
Vietnamese
Ka-dơ-xtan (vi-VN)

Kazakhstan Popular Holidays

New Year
1 January
Defender of the Fatherland Day
23 February
International Women's Day
8 March
Nauryz (Kazakh New Year)
21 March (24 March)
Easter Sunday
01 April
Victory Day
9 May
Capital Day
6 June
National Day
16 December
Independence Day
16 December

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Upcoming Holidays in Kazakhstan

National and Public Holidays in Kazakhstan next days/week/month/year

Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha is an Islamic holiday that honors the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim to follow God's command to sacrifice his son. It is celebrated by Muslims around the world and is seen as a time for families and friends to gather to share in the joy of the holiday. Traditionally, Muslims gather for prayer at mosques and community centers during the four-day celebration, and animals are slaughtered and shared among family, friends, and those in need. Gifts are also exchanged and hot meals prepared and served. Other activities may include recreational activities like music, dancing, and games.

Day off for Constitution Day in Kazakhstan

"On this National holiday, Kazakhstan celebrates its rich history and the founding of its Constitution. Join in the festivities and witness the traditional Kazakh customs, taste the delicious cuisine and immerse yourself in the proud cultural heritage of this beautiful country. Happy Constitution Day to all!"

Constitution Day in Kazakhstan

Constitution Day is a national holiday in Kazakhstan celebrated annually on August 30 to commemorate the adoption of the nation's constitution in 1995.

Republic Day in Kazakhstan

Happy Republic Day, Kazakhstan! On this day, we celebrate the independence and freedom of our nation. For over two decades, Kazakhstan has been a sovereign and democratic state, and it’s a great accomplishment that we can all take pride in. Republic Day is a public holiday in Kazakhstan.

Independence Day in Kazakhstan

Independence Day is a public holiday in Kazakhstan.

New Year’s Day

New Year's Day is celebrated on January 1 and marks the beginning of a new calendar year. It is a public holiday in many countries, including Canada, Australia, and the United States. Traditions include fireworks, parade, and special meals, along with family gatherings and often resolutions for a fresh start. People observe the holiday by counting down the seconds to midnight, watching the ball drop in Times Square, and celebrating with friends and family. To many, the holiday symbolizes a time of renewal, reflection, and hope for the future.

New Year’s Day in Kazakhstan

"Join the vibrant festivities of Kazakhstan's National New Year's Day celebration, a lively and colorful observance filled with traditional dances, music, and mouth-watering feasts. Immerse yourself in the country's rich cultural heritage as you ring in the New Year with locals, making this a truly unforgettable experience."

Christmas – Christian Orthodox 2024

Christmas is the Christian celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ and is celebrated on December 25th. It is a traditional holiday that includes religious observances, family gatherings, festivities, and gift-giving. The day marks the beginning of the 12 Days of Christmas and is celebrated by many people around the world regardless of their religious beliefs. While Christian traditions are often associated with the holiday, its joy is felt by many as a time of kindness and giving.

Orthodox Christmas Day in Kazakhstan

"Join the jubilant festivities of Orthodox Christmas Day in Kazakhstan, a national holiday celebrated with vibrant traditions and customs. From colorful processions to delicious feastings, immerse yourself in the rich cultural heritage of this Central Asian nation and let the joyous spirit of Christmas engulf you."

Saint Valentine’s Day 2024

Valentine's Day is a celebration of love and romance. It is celebrated on February 14 each year with cards, treats, and gifts shared among lovers. It is a traditional holiday with many customs. Popular activities include sending cards, making homemade gifts, and decorating. Restaurants and stores often offer sweet treats and special gifts. It is the perfect day for couples to spend time together and show their love for one another.

Upcoming Festivals in Kazakhstan

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Eid-al-Fitr

Eid al-Fitr is a Muslim holiday celebrated to mark the end of the holy month of Ramadan, which is a month of fasting and spiritual reflection. It is an occasion of joy for Muslims around the world. It is celebrated by the exchange of gifts, feasting on traditional dishes, and attending prayer services. Muslims often dress in their finest clothing and share special visits with family and friends. Eid al-Fitr marks a time of celebration, joy, and thanksgiving for Muslims who have spent the month of Ramadan fasting and praying.

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