Mauritania

Mauritania is a country in North Africa located in the Sahara Desert. It is a large, ethnically diverse country, and its culture is heavily influence by Arab and West African sources. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, Algeria, Mali, and Senegal. It is sparsely populated with the majority of its citizens living along the coast or in larger cities. Its economy is driven by its oil and iron ore exports and its agricultural sector.

Tourism in Mauritania: A Cultural and Adventurous Experience

Mauritania, located in Northwest Africa, is a country rich in culture, history, and natural beauty. From its bustling cities to its vast desert landscapes, Mauritania offers a unique and unforgettable experience for tourists. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I invite you to join me on a journey through this vibrant country and discover all it has to offer.

Introducing the Festive Spirit of Mauritania

Mauritania is a country that celebrates life and embraces its traditions. From the lively music and dance performances to the colorful festivals and events, there is always a sense of joy and community in the air. The people of Mauritania are warm and welcoming, making it easy for tourists to immerse themselves in the local culture.

Unique Tourist Attractions in Mauritania

One of the most popular tourist attractions in Mauritania is the ancient city of Chinguetti. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is known for its well-preserved architecture and rich history as a center for Islamic scholarship. Other must-see destinations include the Banc d’Arguin National Park, a sanctuary for migratory birds, and the ancient city of Oualata, with its intricate mud-brick buildings.

General Overview of Tourist Attractions

Mauritania is a country with diverse landscapes, from the Sahara Desert to the Atlantic coast. Tourists can explore the desert on camelback or take a dip in the crystal-clear waters of the Atlantic Ocean. The country also boasts several nature reserves, where visitors can spot rare species of birds and other wildlife.

Important Places to Visit

In addition to Chinguetti and Oualata, there are many other important places to visit in Mauritania. The capital city, Nouakchott, is a bustling metropolis with a vibrant market and a beautiful beach. The ancient city of Tichitt, known for its unique architecture and traditional way of life, is also worth a visit.

Activities for Tourists in Mauritania

Mauritania offers a variety of activities for tourists to enjoy. For the adventurous, there are opportunities for desert camping, sandboarding, and hiking. Those interested in history and culture can visit the many museums and historical sites scattered throughout the country. And for those seeking relaxation, the beaches and resorts along the coast offer a peaceful retreat.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Mauritania has a well-developed transportation system, making it easy for tourists to get around. The country has an extensive network of roads connecting major cities, and there are also domestic flights available. Public transportation options include buses and taxis, but renting a car is recommended for those looking to explore the country at their own pace.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

If you are planning to visit Mauritania, here is some important information to keep in mind:

Visa Requirements

All foreign visitors are required to have a visa to enter Mauritania. The visa application process can be done online or at the Mauritanian embassy in your home country. It is recommended to apply for a visa at least one month before your planned trip.

Health and Safety

It is important to take necessary health precautions when traveling to Mauritania. Make sure to get all required vaccinations before your trip and consult with your doctor about any additional precautions you may need to take. It is also recommended to purchase travel insurance that covers medical emergencies.

In terms of safety, it is generally safe to travel in Mauritania. However, it is always advisable to take precautions, such as avoiding isolated areas and traveling with a guide in the desert.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Mauritanian culture is heavily influenced by Islam, and it is important to respect local customs and etiquette. Dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites, and avoid public displays of affection. It is also customary to remove your shoes before entering a home or mosque.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Mauritania is the Mauritanian Ouguiya (MRO). US dollars and Euros are also widely accepted. Credit cards are accepted in major cities, but it is always a good idea to have some cash on hand for smaller purchases.

Festive Activities in Mauritania

Mauritania celebrates many festivals and events throughout the year, each with its own unique traditions and activities. Some of the most popular festivals include the Eid al-Fitr, a celebration marking the end of Ramadan, and the annual Nouakchott International Book Fair. These events offer tourists a chance to experience the country’s culture and traditions firsthand.

Infrastructure and Transit during Festive Season

During the festive season, Mauritania experiences a surge in tourism, which can impact the efficiency of its public transportation system. It is advisable to plan your travel in advance and be prepared for longer wait times. It is also recommended to book accommodations and transportation in advance to avoid any inconvenience.

Accommodation Options in Mauritania

Mauritania offers a range of accommodation options to suit every budget. Luxury hotels can be found in major cities like Nouakchott, while smaller towns offer more budget-friendly options such as guesthouses and homestays. For a unique experience, consider staying in a traditional nomadic tent in the desert.

Shopping and Souvenirs in Mauritania

Mauritania is known for its vibrant markets and shopping districts, where tourists can find a variety of traditional crafts and souvenirs. The local markets offer a wide range of goods, from hand-woven textiles to intricate metalwork. For a truly unique souvenir, consider purchasing a traditional Mauritanian rug.

Technology and Connectivity

Internet access is widely available in Mauritania, with most hotels and cafes offering free Wi-Fi. However, it is important to note that the internet speed may be slower in more remote areas. It is recommended to purchase a local SIM card for your phone to stay connected during your trip. There are also several useful apps for navigation, language translation, and event bookings that can make your trip more convenient.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures in Mauritania

Mauritania offers many opportunities for eco-friendly travel and outdoor adventures. From camping in the desert to hiking in the mountains, there are plenty of ways to explore the country’s natural beauty while minimizing your impact on the environment. It is also important to practice responsible tourism by respecting the local culture and preserving the natural environment.

Local Festivals and Events

In addition to the larger national festivals, Mauritania also has many smaller local festivals and events that take place throughout the year. These events offer a more intimate experience and provide a glimpse into the daily lives of the Mauritanian people. Some popular local events include the Imraguen Festival of Seafood and the Festival of Traditional Music.

Practical Advice and Tips for Traveling in Mauritania

Here are some practical tips to help you plan your trip to Mauritania:

  • Plan your trip in advance, especially during peak tourist season.
  • Be prepared for hot weather, especially if traveling to the desert.
  • Respect local customs and traditions.
  • Stay hydrated and protect yourself from the sun.
  • Carry cash for smaller purchases and tipping.
  • Learn a few basic phrases in Arabic to communicate with the locals.
  • Keep emergency contact numbers handy for any unforeseen situations.

A Comprehensive Tourist Guide to Mauritania

Here is all the information you need to plan your trip to Mauritania:

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Mauritania is from November to February when the weather is cooler and more pleasant. This is also the peak tourist season, so be prepared for larger crowds and higher prices.

Not-to-be-Missed Events

Some of the must-see events in Mauritania include the annual Nouakchott International Book Fair, the Imraguen Festival of Seafood, and the Festival of Traditional Music.

Attire

Mauritania has a hot and dry climate, so it is recommended to dress in lightweight, breathable clothing. However, it is important to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites. Women should cover their heads with a scarf when entering a mosque.

Dos and Don’ts

  • Do respect local customs and traditions.
  • Do dress modestly.
  • Do try traditional Mauritanian cuisine.
  • Don’t take photos without asking for permission first.
  • Don’t engage in public displays of affection.

Language Assistance

The official language of Mauritania is Arabic, but French is also widely spoken. It is helpful to learn a few basic phrases in Arabic to communicate with the locals.

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of an emergency, here are some important contact numbers to keep in mind:

  • Police: 117
  • Ambulance: 118
  • Fire: 119

In conclusion, Mauritania offers a unique and unforgettable experience for tourists. From its rich culture and history to its stunning landscapes and vibrant festivals, there is something for everyone in this beautiful country. So pack your bags and get ready to explore all that Mauritania has to offer!

Mauritania: A Country of Rich Culture and Diverse Landscape

Mauritania is a country located in the western region of Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Senegal to the south, Mali to the east, and Algeria to the northeast. With a population of over 4 million people, Mauritania is known for its rich culture, diverse landscape, and unique history. In this article, we will explore some interesting statistics and data about this fascinating country.

Geography and Climate

Mauritania covers an area of 1,030,700 square kilometers, making it the 11th largest country in Africa. The country is mostly made up of desert terrain, with the Sahara Desert covering more than two-thirds of its land area. The remaining land is characterized by savannah grasslands and coastal plains.

The climate in Mauritania is hot and dry, with temperatures reaching up to 50 degrees Celsius in the summer months. The country experiences two distinct seasons – a rainy season from July to October and a dry season from November to June.

Culture and People

Mauritania has a diverse population made up of different ethnic groups, including Arabs, Berbers, Black Africans, and Haratines (descendants of black Africans who were once enslaved). The official language is Arabic, but French is widely spoken as well.

The majority of the population practices Islam as their religion, with over 99% of Mauritanians being Muslims. The country is known for its strong Islamic traditions and customs that are deeply ingrained in its society.

Economy and Industries

Mauritania’s economy is primarily based on agriculture, fishing, and mining. The country is one of the world’s leading producers of iron ore and has significant deposits of copper, gold, and oil. Agriculture also plays a vital role in the economy, with crops such as millet, sorghum, and dates being the main sources of income for many rural communities.

Despite its rich natural resources, Mauritania is considered one of the poorest countries in the world, with a high poverty rate of 42.3%. The country has been working towards diversifying its economy and reducing its dependence on mining and fishing industries.

Tourism

Mauritania may not be a popular tourist destination, but it has a lot to offer to visitors. The country boasts stunning natural landscapes, including the Banc d’Arguin National Park, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The park is home to diverse wildlife, including flamingos, dolphins, and turtles.

The ancient city of Chinguetti, known for its beautiful architecture and rich history, is another popular tourist spot. The city is considered the seventh holiest city in Islam and attracts many pilgrims each year.

Education and Healthcare

Education in Mauritania is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 15. However, access to education remains a challenge in rural areas due to limited resources and infrastructure. As a result, the literacy rate in Mauritania is relatively low at 52%.

The healthcare system in Mauritania is also underdeveloped, with limited access to medical facilities in rural areas. The country has one of the highest infant mortality rates in the world, with 61 deaths per 1,000 live births.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Mauritania is a country with a unique blend of culture, history, and natural beauty. While it faces challenges such as poverty and underdeveloped infrastructure, it continues to make progress towards improving the lives of its people. With its rich resources and diverse landscape, Mauritania has great potential for growth and development in the future

  • Where is Mauritania located?
    Mauritania is located in Northwest Africa, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mali to the east, and Senegal to the southwest.
  • What is the capital of Mauritania?
    The capital of Mauritania is Nouakchott.
  • What is the official language of Mauritania?
    The official language of Mauritania is Arabic, but French is also widely spoken.
  • What is the currency used in Mauritania?
    The currency used in Mauritania is the Mauritanian ouguiya (MRO).
  • What is the climate like in Mauritania?
    Mauritania has a hot desert climate, with temperatures reaching over 100°F (38°C) in the summer and dropping below freezing in the winter.
  • What are some popular dishes in Mauritania?
    Some popular dishes in Mauritania include couscous, thieboudienne (fish and rice), and bissara (a thick bean soup).
  • What type of music is popular in Mauritania?
    Traditional Mauritanian music includes griot (storytelling) songs and Moorish classical music. Modern music genres such as hip hop and reggae are also popular.
  • What are some popular tourist attractions in Mauritania?
    Some popular tourist attractions in Mauritania include Banc d'Arguin National Park, Chinguetti (a historic desert town), and Terjit Oasis.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Mauritania?
    Yes, most visitors to Mauritania will need a visa. You can apply for a visa at a Mauritanian embassy or consulate in your home country.
  • What is the best time of year to visit Mauritania?
    The best time to visit Mauritania is during the cooler months of November to February. However, keep in mind that this is also peak tourist season.
  • What is the dress code in Mauritania?
    Mauritanians tend to dress conservatively, especially in rural areas. It is recommended to dress modestly and cover your shoulders and legs when visiting mosques or other religious sites.
  • Is it safe to travel to Mauritania?
    While Mauritania is generally considered safe, travelers should exercise caution and be aware of their surroundings. It is recommended to avoid traveling near the border regions due to potential terrorist activity.
  • What is the main religion in Mauritania?
    The main religion in Mauritania is Islam, with over 99% of the population being Muslim.
  • What is the time zone in Mauritania?
    Mauritania is on Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) all year round, with no daylight saving time adjustments.
  • What are some traditional festivals and celebrations in Mauritania?
    Some traditional festivals and celebrations in Mauritania include Eid al-Fitr (end of Ramadan), Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice), and Mawlid al-Nabi (birthday of the Prophet Muhammad).
  • What is the electricity voltage in Mauritania?
    The electricity voltage in Mauritania is 220 volts, 50 Hz. It is recommended to bring a universal adapter if you plan on using electronic devices from other countries.
  • What are some common greetings in Mauritania?
    Common greetings in Mauritania include "As-salamu alaykum" (peace be upon you) and "Marhaba" (hello).
  • What is the literacy rate in Mauritania?
    The literacy rate in Mauritania is around 52%, with a higher rate among males (61%) than females (44%).
  • What is the main mode of transportation in Mauritania?
    The main mode of transportation in Mauritania is by car or bus, as there is limited railway and air travel options.
  • Are credit cards accepted in Mauritania?
    Credit cards are not widely accepted in Mauritania, so it is recommended to carry cash when traveling.
  • What is the internet access like in Mauritania?
    Internet access is limited in Mauritania, with most connections being slow and unreliable. It is recommended to purchase a local SIM card for better internet access.
  • What are some traditional crafts and products of Mauritania?
    Some traditional crafts and products of Mauritania include handwoven carpets, leather goods, and silver jewelry.
  • What are some common forms of transportation within cities in Mauritania?
    Some common forms of transportation within cities in Mauritania include taxis, horse-drawn carriages, and motorbikes.
  • What is the national dish of Mauritania?
    The national dish of Mauritania is thieboudienne, a fish and rice dish often cooked with vegetables and spices.
  • Can I drink tap water in Mauritania?
    It is not recommended to drink tap water in Mauritania. It is best to stick to bottled or filtered water.
  • What is the dress code for women in Mauritania?
    Women are expected to dress modestly in Mauritania, covering their shoulders and legs. It is also recommended to cover your hair with a scarf when visiting religious sites.
  • What is the traditional clothing worn in Mauritania?
    The traditional clothing for men in Mauritania is the boubou, a long, loose-fitting garment. Women traditionally wear a melhfa, a long, flowing dress.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Mauritania?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Mauritania include handwoven carpets, leather goods, and traditional silver jewelry.
  • What is the phone code for Mauritania?
    The phone code for Mauritania is +222.
  • What is the population of Mauritania?
    As of 2021, the population of Mauritania is approximately 4.7 million people.
  • What is the government system in Mauritania?
    Mauritania has a presidential republic government system, with the president serving as both head of state and head of government.
  • What is the official religion of Mauritania?
    The official religion of Mauritania is Islam, and the country's legal system is based on Sharia law.
  • Are there any cultural norms or customs I should be aware of when visiting Mauritania?
    Some cultural norms or customs to be aware of when visiting Mauritania include respecting elders, avoiding public displays of affection, and not using your left hand for eating or greeting others.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting mosques in Mauritania?
    Yes, it is recommended to dress modestly when visiting mosques in Mauritania. Women should cover their hair and wear long-sleeved tops and long skirts or pants, while men should wear long pants and cover their shoulders.
  • What are some common languages spoken in Mauritania?
    In addition to Arabic and French, other common languages spoken in Mauritania include Hassaniya Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, and Wolof.
  • Is it customary to tip in Mauritania?
    Tipping is not expected in Mauritania, but it is appreciated for good service. It is also common to round up the bill when paying for meals or services.
  • What is the legal drinking age in Mauritania?
    The legal drinking age in Mauritania is 18 years old.
  • Are there any health risks or vaccinations required for visiting Mauritania?
    Some recommended vaccinations for visiting Mauritania include hepatitis A and B, typhoid, and yellow fever. It is also recommended to take precautions against malaria and other mosquito-borne illnesses.
  • What is the average life expectancy in Mauritania?
    As of 2021, the average life expectancy in Mauritania is around 63 years old.
  • What are some traditional instruments used in Mauritanian music?
    Some traditional instruments used in Mauritanian music include the tidinit (a stringed instrument), tbal (a drum), and ardin (a harp-like instrument).
  • Is there a dress code for men in Mauritania?
    Men are expected to dress modestly in Mauritania, covering their shoulders and legs. It is also recommended to avoid wearing shorts or sleeveless shirts when visiting religious sites.
  • What are some common modes of transportation between cities in Mauritania?
    Some common modes of transportation between cities in Mauritania include buses, shared taxis, and private cars.
  • What is the literacy rate among women in Mauritania?
    As of 2021, the literacy rate among women in Mauritania is around 44%, lower than the literacy rate among men (61%).
  • What are some popular activities for tourists in Mauritania?
    Some popular activities for tourists in Mauritania include camel trekking in the desert, visiting ancient ruins and historical sites, and exploring traditional markets and souks.

A Closer Look at Mauritania

Mauritania Flag

Mauritania

Mauritania Formation Date

Mauritania gained independence from France on November 28, 1960.

Mauritania Capital Name

Nouakchott

Mauritania Neighbours

  1. Algeria Algeria
  2. Mali Mali
  3. Mauritania Mauritania
  4. Senegal Senegal
  5. Western Sahara Western Sahara

Exploring Mauritania

Introduction

Mauritania, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country located in Northwest Africa. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Senegal to the southwest, Mali to the east and southeast, Algeria to the northeast, and Western Sahara to the north. With a land area of 1,030,700 square kilometers, it is the eleventh largest country in Africa. The name Mauritania is derived from the ancient Berber kingdom of Mauretania, which existed in the region from the 3rd century BC to the 7th century AD. The country gained its independence from France in 1960 and has since become a significant player in regional politics and economics.

Key Takeaways

- Mauritania is a country located in Northwest Africa. - It gained independence from France in 1960. - The name Mauritania is derived from the ancient Berber kingdom of Mauretania.

Geography

Mauritania's geography is characterized by vast desert plains and plateaus. The Sahara Desert covers most of the country, with only a narrow strip of fertile land along the Senegal River in the south. The country's natural resources include iron ore, copper, gold, and oil. However, due to its arid climate and lack of infrastructure, these resources are not fully utilized. The climate in Mauritania is hot and dry, with temperatures reaching up to 45°C (113°F) during the summer months. The country experiences two main seasons: a hot dry season from November to May and a rainy season from June to October.

Origin and History

Mauritania has a rich history dating back to ancient civilizations such as the Phoenicians, Romans, and Berbers. In the 7th century, the Arab conquest brought Islam to the region, which remains the dominant religion in the country today. In the 19th century, Mauritania became a French colony and gained its independence in 1960. The country has since faced political instability and military coups, but has made progress towards democratic governance in recent years.

Government and Politics

Mauritania is a presidential republic with a multi-party system. The president is both the head of state and government, and is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. The country is divided into 15 regions, each with its own governor appointed by the president. Mauritania's foreign relations are primarily focused on economic cooperation and regional security. It is a member of several international organizations, including the United Nations, African Union, and Arab League.

Commerce and Economy

The economy of Mauritania is largely dependent on agriculture, fishing, and mining. The country's main exports include iron ore, fish, gold, and copper. However, the economy remains vulnerable to fluctuations in commodity prices and climate change. Mauritania has trade relations with several countries, including China, France, and Spain. Its currency is the Mauritanian ouguiya (MRU), which is pegged to the US dollar.

Demographics

Mauritania has a population of approximately 4.6 million people, with a majority living in rural areas. The population is predominantly made up of Arab-Berbers, Haratines (descendants of former slaves), and black Africans. The country's population is relatively young, with a median age of 20 years. The literacy rate is low at 52%, with significant disparities between males and females.

Culture

Mauritania's culture is a blend of Arab-Berber, African, and Islamic influences. Traditional art forms such as weaving, pottery, and metalwork are still practiced by many Mauritanians. Music and dance are also an essential part of the culture, with traditional instruments like the tidinit (a stringed instrument) and the ardin (a harp-like instrument) being commonly used. Festivals and traditions play a significant role in Mauritanian culture. The Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha are two major Islamic holidays celebrated in the country. The annual Nouakchott International Festival is also a popular event that showcases traditional music, dance, and food from different regions of Mauritania.

Languages and Religion

Arabic is the official language of Mauritania, but several regional dialects are also spoken. French is widely used in business and government. Islam is the dominant religion in Mauritania, with approximately 99% of the population being Muslim. Other religions practiced include Christianity and traditional African religions.

Education and Healthcare Systems

The education system in Mauritania follows a six-year primary education, three-year secondary education, and three-year higher education structure. However, access to education is limited, especially for girls and those living in rural areas. The healthcare system in Mauritania is underdeveloped, with inadequate infrastructure and a shortage of medical personnel. The government has made efforts to improve healthcare through initiatives such as free vaccinations for children under five years old.

Sports and Recreation

Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Mauritania, with the national team achieving success at the regional level. Traditional sports like camel racing and horse racing are also popular in rural areas. Mauritania's natural landscape offers opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, and birdwatching. The Banc d'Arguin National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a popular destination for ecotourism.

Tourism

Mauritania's tourism industry is still in its early stages, but the country has many attractions for adventurous travelers. The ancient city of Chinguetti, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a popular destination for its well-preserved medieval architecture. The Adrar Plateau, with its stunning landscapes and rock formations, is also a must-visit for nature lovers. The capital city of Nouakchott offers modern amenities and serves as a gateway to the country's other tourist destinations. The country also has a variety of traditional markets, where visitors can experience Mauritanian culture and purchase local handicrafts.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Foreign visitors to Mauritania require a visa, which can be obtained from Mauritanian embassies or consulates. Yellow fever vaccination is also required for travelers coming from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission. It is recommended to exercise caution when traveling in Mauritania, particularly in remote areas. Visitors should be aware of local customs and etiquette, such as dressing modestly and respecting Islamic traditions. The currency used in Mauritania is the Mauritanian ouguiya (MRU), and credit cards are not widely accepted. It is best to carry cash in small denominations when traveling in the country.

Quotes

- "The desert has its holiness of silence, the crowd its holiness of conversation." - Walter Elliot - "The beauty of the Sahara is that it hides nothing." - Andy Basquille - "Mauritania may look like an endless desert, but it has a rich and vibrant culture waiting to be discovered." - Unknown

Summary

Mauritania is a country with a rich history and culture, located in Northwest Africa. It faces challenges in terms of political stability, economic development, and social issues, but it also offers unique opportunities for travelers to experience its diverse landscapes and traditional way of life. As the country continues to make progress towards a more prosperous future, it is sure to become a popular destination for tourists seeking an authentic African experience.

Mauritania Highest Point Name

The highest point in Mauritania is an unnamed peak in the Adrar region known as Kediet Ijill, with an elevation of 915 meters (3,002 feet) above sea level.

Mauritania Capital Longitude

Nouakchott, Mauritania is the capital city of Mauritania and its geographic coordinates are 18.0962° N, 15.9493° W.

Mauritania Capital Latitude

longitudeNouakchott, Mauritania 14.9167 -17.3667

Mauritania Official Languages

The official language of Mauritania is Arabic. However, some other language varieties are spoken by different communities, including Hassaniya Arabic, Soninke, Wolof, Bambara, and French.

Mauritania Ethnic Groups

Mauritania is a multi-ethnic country located in Northwest Africa. The main ethnic groups are the Moors (Arab, Berber, and mixed Arab-Berber people), the Soninke, the Haratin (the largest, mixed Arab-Berber and enslaved African people), the Wolof, and the Fulbé. There are also smaller populations of Cape Verdeans, Ibeora (peul), Tukulor, Taureg, and Bidia (black Moor). Additionally, there are some Europeans, Lebanese, and Somali descent living in the country.

Mauritania Religions

Mauritania is a majority Muslim country by far, with about 99.9 percent of the population identifying as such. There is also a small minority of Christians in the country, comprising a mere 0.3 percent of the population. There are practically no other religions or beliefs represented in Mauritania. The vast majority of Muslims in the country are Sunni, and the main denominations of Christianity are Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.

Mauritania Total Area

The total area of Mauritania is 1,030,700 square km (398,850 square miles).

Mauritania Land Area

Mauritania covers a land area of 1,030,700 square kilometers.

Mauritania Water Area

The water area of Mauritania is 16,000 sq km (6,177 sq mi), or about 1.9% of a total land area of 1.030 million sq km (398,000 sq mi).

Mauritania Total Population

As of 2020, the total population of Mauritania is 4,304,296.

Mauritania Currency Name

The official currency of Mauritania is the Ouguiya (MRO).

Mauritania Currency Code

Mauritania uses the Mauritanian Ouguiya (MRO). The currency code for the Mauritanian Ouguiya is MRO.

Mauritania Currency Symbol

Mauritania's official currency is the Ouguiya (MRO). The currency symbol is UM or ouguiya.

Mauritania Time Zones

  • UTC±00:00

Mauritania is located in the Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) zone. Located in West Africa, it does not observe daylight saving time (DST). The country is always on GMT- Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is always UTC.

Mauritania Calling Code

The country calling code for Mauritania is +222

Mauritania Internet TLD

www.aveholidays.mr

How to Say "Mauritania" In Different Languages?

Arabic
موريتانيا (ar-AE)
Portuguese
Mauritânia (pt-BR)
Mandarin
毛里塔尼亚 (zh-CN)
Dutch
Mauritanië (nl-NL)
Tetum
Mauritánia (tet-TL)
Finnish
Mauritania (fi-FI)
French
Mauritanie (fr-FR)
Georgian
მავრიტანია (ka-GE)
Greek
Περιφερειακή Ενότητα της Μαυριτανίας (el-GR)
Hebrew
מאוריטניה (he-IL)
Hindi
मॉरीतानिया (hi-IN)
Indonesian
Mauritania (id-ID)
Italian
Mauritania (it-IT)
Korean
모리타니아 (ko-KR)
Tagalog/Filipino
Mauritania (tl-PH)
Portuguese
Mauritânia (pt-PT)
Spanish
Mauritania (es-ES)
Swedish
Mauretanien (sv-SE)
Yoruba
Moritaniya (yo-NG)

Mauritania Popular Holidays

New Year's Day
1 January
Prophet Muhammad's Birthday
12 January
Tir Mag 15
2 February
'Id al-Adha
20 February
Milesime
25 March
Al-Ghadeer Day
23 April
Union of Africa Day
25 May
'Id al-Fitr
25 May
Day of Environment
6 June
Ghazi al-Husseini Day
8 June
Mohammed bin-El-Jani Day
7 July
Parents' Day
10 August
Idul Ghousl
10 August
Mouloud
21 August
Day of Martyrs and Veterans
20 September
Labor Day
1 October
Revolution Day
10 October
Prophet's Immigrations
14 October
Children Day
17 October
Cedre Declaration Anniversary
22 October
Hajj Anniversary
29 October
Great Prophet Mohamed's Birthday Anniversary
30 October
Armed Forces Day
12 November
Women's Day
17 November
Independence Day
28 November

VERIFY COUNTRY DATA:
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Upcoming Holidays in Mauritania

National and Public Holidays in Mauritania next days/week/month/year

Ramadan

Ramadan is a Muslim holy month of fasting observed by believers worldwide. It is a period of spiritual reflection, self-improvement, and increased devotion and worship. During this month, Muslims abstain from food, drink, and smoking during the hours of sunrise to sunset. During Ramadan, Muslims focus on renewing their faith through increased devotion, prayer, and supplication. They visit the mosque more regularly and read and contemplate the Quran. This month is also known for its spirit of generosity and charity, as Muslims give to the less fortunate.

Slavery Remembrance Day

Slavery Remembrance Day is an annual holiday commemorating the history of the African diaspora. It honors the struggles of those taken from Africa against the horrors of the transatlantic slave trade, as well as those who fought for equality and freedom. It is celebrated on the last Sunday of August and on August 1 in some countries.

Milad un Nabi (Mawlid) in Mauritania

Mauritania has many exciting and unique holidays that bring tradition and celebration to the nation. One such holiday is Milad un Nabi (Mawlid), which celebrates the birth of the Prophet Muhammad. The holiday is widely celebrated throughout the country and brings together families and friends of all backgrounds to rejoice in the prophet's goodness.

African Freedom Day

African Freedom Day is a holiday celebrated annually on May 25 to commemorate the freedom of African nations from colonial rule. It is a time to celebrate the progress made in African countries towards independence and to recall the struggle for human rights and justice. The day is also observed to remember past and present struggles and to mark a commitment to a stronger, more equitable future for the continent.

Arabic Language Day

Arabic Language Day is an international holiday created to celebrate and promote the Arabic language. It falls on the 18th of December each year and is celebrated with activities such as poetry readings and cultural activities.

New Year’s Day

New Year's Day is celebrated on January 1 and marks the beginning of a new calendar year. It is a public holiday in many countries, including Canada, Australia, and the United States. Traditions include fireworks, parade, and special meals, along with family gatherings and often resolutions for a fresh start. People observe the holiday by counting down the seconds to midnight, watching the ball drop in Times Square, and celebrating with friends and family. To many, the holiday symbolizes a time of renewal, reflection, and hope for the future.

New Year’s Day in Mauritania

"As the New Year dawns in Mauritania, locals gather to celebrate the colorful and vibrant festival of Mouloud. With traditional music, dance, and feasts, this national holiday serves as a joyous reminder of the nation's rich cultural heritage. Explore and immerse yourself in the festive atmosphere, a unique experience not to be missed."

Saint Valentine’s Day 2024

Valentine's Day is a celebration of love and romance. It is celebrated on February 14 each year with cards, treats, and gifts shared among lovers. It is a traditional holiday with many customs. Popular activities include sending cards, making homemade gifts, and decorating. Restaurants and stores often offer sweet treats and special gifts. It is the perfect day for couples to spend time together and show their love for one another.

Upcoming Festivals in Mauritania

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Special Working Day in Taiwan

Welcome to 'Special Working Day, Taiwan.' For nearly a decade, we, the people of Taiwan, have commemorated this day by gathering together and recognizing those who strive to make our nation a better place. Special Working Day is a working day on weekend in Taiwan.

Yukon Heritage Day in Canada

Join the celebration of Canada's rich cultural legacy on Yukon Heritage Day. Held annually on the first Monday in August, this public holiday pays homage to the diverse traditions and customs of the Yukon Territory. From street performances to traditional feasts, experience the vibrancy of this unique Canadian festival.

Founding Day Public Sector Holiday in Saudi Arabia

"As the vibrant culture of Saudi Arabia continues to thrive, the Founding Day Public Sector Holiday stands as a testament to the country's rich heritage and development. Celebrated nationwide, this public holiday honours the establishment of Saudi Arabia and its significance in shaping the nation. Join in the festivities and discover the beauty of this local holiday."

Defender of the Fatherland Day in Belarus

"Belarus' Defender of the Fatherland Day, a national holiday celebrated annually on February 23rd, pays tribute to the brave men and women who have dedicated their lives to protecting their country. This festival showcases the rich cultural heritage and unbreakable spirit of the Belarusian people. A must-visit for any curious traveler."

Defender of the Fatherland Day in Russia

This year, on February 23rd, Russia celebrates Defender of the Fatherland Day, a national holiday honoring the courage and dedication of its armed forces. This day is marked with parades, fireworks, and heartfelt tributes to the brave men and women who protect and defend the nation. A must-see experience for any traveler!

Emperor’s Birthday in Japan

"Experience the grandeur and tradition of a National Holiday in Japan as the entire country celebrates the Emperor's Birthday. From colorful parades to elaborate ceremonies, immerse yourself in the rich cultural heritage of Japan on this highly-anticipated observance day. Don't miss out on the festivities and book your trip to Japan now!"

Navam Full Moon Poya Day in Sri Lanka

"Experience the spiritual and cultural significance of Navam Full Moon Poya Day in Sri Lanka, a national holiday observed by Buddhists. Immerse yourself in ancient rituals and colourful processions during this festival of lights, as devotees gather to pay homage to Lord Buddha. A must-see for any traveller seeking a unique and insightful cultural experience."

Mashramani (Republic Day) in Guyana

"Experience the vibrant celebrations of Mashramani, Guyana's national festival and observance of Republic Day. Immerse yourself in the colorful parades, lively music, and mouth-watering cuisine that showcase the country's rich cultural heritage. A must-see for any traveler seeking an unforgettable holiday in South America!"

Defender of the Fatherland Day in Kyrgyzstan

"Join the vibrant celebrations of Defender of the Fatherland Day in Kyrgyzstan, a national holiday honoring the bravery and sacrifice of those who have fought for their country. With colorful parades, traditional music and local delicacies, this festival is a true testament to the strong patriotic spirit of the Kyrgyz people."

National Day in Brunei

"Experience the vibrant colors and rich traditions of Brunei on their National Day, a joyous public holiday celebrated on February 23rd. Immerse yourself in local cultural performances, indulge in mouth-watering delicacies, and witness the grand parade showcasing the country's pride and patriotism. A must-visit for any cultural enthusiast and travel aficionado."

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