Mali is a landlocked country located in Western Africa. It is bordered by Niger, Algeria, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Senegal, and Mauritania. It is the eighth-largest country in Africa, comprising an area of 1,240,192 square kilometers. The capital is Bamako, while the population is estimated at 18,429,875 in 2018. The country is made up of eight ethnic groups, of which the dominant ones are the Bambara, Songhai, Tuareg, and Fulani. The economy of Mali is based on agriculture, with cotton as its main export. Malians are predominantly Muslims, with a minority of Christians, Animists, and other religions. Its official languages are French and Bambara.

Tourism in Mali: Exploring the Vibrant Culture and Rich Traditions

Mali, located in West Africa, is a land of diverse landscapes, vibrant culture, and rich traditions. It is a country that boasts a unique blend of ancient civilizations and modern developments, making it a popular destination for tourists from all over the world. From bustling markets to breathtaking natural wonders, Mali has something to offer for every type of traveler. As a cultural commentator and travel writer, I am excited to take you on a journey through this enchanting country and provide you with a comprehensive guide to experiencing the best of Mali.

Introducing the Festive Spirit of Mali

The festive spirit is always in the air in Mali, with its people known for their warm hospitality and love for celebrations. The country’s diverse ethnic groups have their own unique traditions and customs, making it a melting pot of cultures and traditions. Visitors can experience this vibrant atmosphere during various festivals and events that take place throughout the year.

Unique Tourist Attractions

Mali is home to some of the most fascinating tourist attractions in Africa. The ancient city of Timbuktu, known as the “City of 333 Saints,” is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a must-visit for history enthusiasts. The Great Mosque of Djenné, the largest mud-brick building in the world, is another architectural marvel that attracts tourists from far and wide. The Bandiagara Escarpment, a dramatic sandstone cliff formation, is also worth exploring for its stunning views and cultural significance.

Important Places to Visit

In addition to these popular attractions, there are many other places in Mali that are worth visiting. The capital city of Bamako offers a glimpse into modern Malian life with its bustling markets, museums, and art galleries. The Dogon Country, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a remote region that is home to the Dogon people and their fascinating traditional way of life. The city of Mopti, located on the banks of the Niger River, is known as the “Venice of Mali” for its beautiful canals and markets.

Activities to Experience

Mali offers a wide range of activities for tourists to experience. From exploring ancient ruins and historic sites to trekking through the Sahara Desert and experiencing traditional music and dance performances, there is something for everyone. For adventure seekers, there are opportunities for hiking, rock climbing, and even camel rides in the desert. Food lovers can indulge in the delicious local cuisine and learn how to cook traditional dishes.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Mali has a well-developed transportation system, making it easy for tourists to get around. The country has an extensive network of roads connecting major cities, and buses and taxis are readily available for travel within cities. For longer distances, domestic flights are also available. However, during peak tourist season, it is advisable to book transportation in advance as it can get crowded.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Mali welcomes visitors from all over the world with open arms. As a foreign visitor, there are certain things you need to keep in mind before planning your trip.

Visa Requirements

All foreign visitors require a visa to enter Mali. The visa application process can be done online or at the nearest Malian embassy or consulate. It is advisable to apply for a visa well in advance to avoid any last-minute delays.

Health and Safety

Before traveling to Mali, it is essential to consult your doctor for any necessary vaccinations or medications. Malaria is prevalent in the country, so taking anti-malarial medication is recommended. It is also advisable to drink bottled water and take necessary precautions to avoid food-borne illnesses.

Mali is generally a safe country for tourists, but it is always wise to take necessary precautions. Avoid traveling alone at night and be aware of your surroundings at all times. It is also advisable to keep your valuables in a safe place and avoid wearing expensive jewelry or carrying large amounts of cash.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Mali has a rich cultural heritage, and it is essential to respect the local customs and etiquette. The majority of the population follows Islam, so it is important to dress modestly and cover your head when visiting religious sites. It is also customary to greet people with a handshake and use your right hand for eating and other interactions.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Mali is the West African CFA franc (XOF). Credit cards are not widely accepted, so it is advisable to carry cash for transactions. ATMs are available in major cities, but it is recommended to withdraw money in advance as they can be limited in smaller towns.

Festive Activities in Mali

Mali is a country that loves to celebrate, and there are many unique activities that tourists can indulge in during their visit.

Connecting with Traditions

One of the best ways to experience Mali’s culture and traditions is by participating in local festivals and events. The Festival au Désert, held in January, is a celebration of music, dance, and nomadic traditions. The Festival sur le Niger, held in February, showcases traditional music, dance, and crafts along the banks of the Niger River.

Infrastructure & Transit during Peak Season

During peak tourist season, which runs from November to March, Mali experiences an influx of visitors. This can result in crowded public transportation and longer wait times. It is advisable to plan your travel in advance and book tickets and accommodations to avoid any inconvenience.

Efficient Travel Tips

To make the most of your trip during this bustling period, it is recommended to book tours and activities in advance. This will help you avoid long queues and ensure that you don’t miss out on any must-see attractions. It is also advisable to plan your itinerary carefully to make the most of your time in Mali.

Accommodation Options

Mali offers a variety of accommodation options for tourists, ranging from luxury hotels to budget-friendly guesthouses.

Luxury Accommodations

For those looking for a luxurious stay, there are several five-star hotels in major cities like Bamako and Mopti. These hotels offer modern amenities and excellent service, making them a popular choice among tourists.

Budget-Friendly Options

For budget-conscious travelers, there are many guesthouses and hostels available in major cities and tourist destinations. These accommodations offer basic amenities at affordable prices, making them an ideal choice for backpackers and budget travelers.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Mali is a shopper’s paradise, with its bustling markets offering a variety of traditional goods and souvenirs.

Key Shopping Districts

The Grand Marché in Bamako is the largest market in Mali, offering everything from traditional fabrics and handicrafts to fresh produce and spices. The Ségou Market, located on the banks of the Niger River, is another popular spot for traditional crafts and souvenirs.

Finding Unique Souvenirs

For those looking for unique souvenirs, it is recommended to visit smaller markets and shops in rural areas. These places offer a more authentic shopping experience and a chance to interact with local artisans.

Technology and Connectivity

Internet access is available in major cities and tourist destinations in Mali. However, it can be limited in more remote areas. It is advisable to purchase a local SIM card for your phone to stay connected during your trip. There are also several apps available for navigation, language translation, and event bookings that can make your trip more convenient.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Mali offers a variety of eco-friendly travel options and outdoor activities for tourists to experience.

Responsible Tourism Practices

As a responsible traveler, it is essential to be mindful of the impact of your actions on the environment. When visiting natural attractions, it is important to follow designated trails and avoid littering. Supporting local businesses and buying sustainable products can also contribute to responsible tourism practices.

Outdoor Activities

Mali’s diverse landscapes offer opportunities for outdoor adventures such as hiking, camping, and bird watching. The country’s national parks, including the Boucle du Baoulé National Park and the Bafing Biosphere Reserve, are ideal for wildlife enthusiasts.

Local Festivals and Events

In addition to the major festivals, there are many smaller local festivals and events that take place throughout the year in Mali. These events provide a unique insight into the country’s traditions and offer a chance to interact with the locals.

Practical Advice and Tips

Before embarking on your trip to Mali, here are some practical tips to keep in mind:

Budgeting for Your Trip

Mali is an affordable destination, but it is important to budget wisely for your trip. It is recommended to carry enough cash for your expenses as credit cards are not widely accepted.

Safety Tips

While Mali is generally a safe country, it is important to take necessary precautions to avoid any inconvenience. It is advisable to avoid traveling alone at night and keep your valuables in a safe place.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

Here is a comprehensive guide to help you plan your trip to Mali:

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Mali is during the dry season, from November to March. This is also the peak tourist season, with many festivals and events taking place during this time.

Must-See Events and Activities

Some of the must-see events and activities in Mali include the Festival au Désert, the Festival sur le Niger, and exploring the ancient city of Timbuktu.

Suitable Attire

Mali has a hot and dry climate, so it is advisable to pack lightweight, breathable clothing. It is also recommended to carry a scarf or shawl to cover your head when visiting religious sites.

Respecting Local Customs

To show respect for the local customs and practices, it is important to dress modestly and greet people with a handshake. It is also advisable to ask for permission before taking photographs of people or their homes.

Language Assistance

The official language of Mali is French, but there are over 40 indigenous languages spoken in the country. Learning a few common phrases in the local language can help you communicate with the locals and enhance your travel experience.

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergency, here are some important contact numbers to keep handy:

– Police: 17
– Fire Department: 18
– Ambulance: 15

In conclusion, Mali is a country that offers a unique blend of culture, tradition, and natural beauty. With this comprehensive guide, you are now ready to embark on an unforgettable journey through this enchanting country. So pack your bags and get ready to experience the vibrant spirit of Mali!

Mali: A Country of Rich History and Vibrant Culture

Mali, officially known as the Republic of Mali, is a landlocked country located in West Africa. It is the eighth largest country in Africa and is bordered by seven other countries including Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, and Senegal. With a population of over 19 million people, Mali is a diverse nation with a rich history and vibrant culture.

Geography and Climate

Mali covers an area of 1,240,192 square kilometers, making it the 24th largest country in the world. The landscape of Mali is mostly flat with some rolling hills in the southwest. The Niger River, one of the longest rivers in Africa, runs through the country and provides water for irrigation and transportation.

The climate in Mali varies from region to region. The northern part of the country has a hot desert climate with very little rainfall. The central and southern regions have a subtropical climate with a wet season from June to September and a dry season from October to May.


Agriculture is the main economic activity in Mali, with over 80% of the population engaged in farming. The country’s main crops include cotton, rice, millet, corn, and peanuts. Mali is also rich in natural resources such as gold, uranium, and salt.

In recent years, Mali has seen economic growth due to investments in mining and infrastructure development. However, poverty remains a significant issue in the country with over 40% of the population living below the poverty line.

Culture and Traditions

Mali has a diverse culture influenced by its many ethnic groups. The Bambara people make up the largest ethnic group, followed by the Fulani, Songhai, and Tuareg people. Each group has its own unique traditions, music, and art.

Music is an essential part of Mali’s culture, with traditional instruments such as the kora and balafon being widely used. The country is also known for its vibrant textiles, including the famous bogolan cloth made by the Bambara people.

History and Heritage

Mali has a long and rich history dating back to the ancient Mali Empire, which was one of the most powerful empires in West Africa. The empire was known for its wealth and trade in gold and salt. Today, the ancient city of Timbuktu, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, stands as a reminder of this great empire.

In the 19th century, Mali came under French colonial rule until it gained independence in 1960. Since then, the country has faced political instability and conflict, but efforts are being made to promote peace and stability.

Statistics and Facts

– The population of Mali is estimated to be 19.1 million people.
– The official language is French, but there are over 40 other languages spoken in the country.
– Mali has a literacy rate of 33%, with a higher rate among males than females.
– The life expectancy in Mali is 59 years.
– The national currency is the West African CFA franc.
– Mali has a diverse wildlife population, including elephants, lions, and giraffes.
– The country celebrates Independence Day on September 22nd.

In conclusion, Mali is a country with a fascinating history, diverse culture, and promising future. Despite its challenges, the people of Mali continue to preserve their traditions and heritage while striving towards economic growth and development. With its natural beauty and warm hospitality, Mali is a hidden gem waiting to be discovered by travelers from around the world

  • What is the capital of Mali?
    The capital of Mali is Bamako.
  • What is the population of Mali?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Mali is 20.3 million.
  • What languages are spoken in Mali?
    The official language of Mali is French, but there are also over 40 indigenous languages spoken.
  • What is the currency used in Mali?
    The currency used in Mali is the West African CFA franc (XOF).
  • What is the climate like in Mali?
    Mali has a hot, dry climate with three main seasons: hot and dry (March-May), rainy (June-September), and cool and dry (October-February).
  • What are some popular dishes in Mali?
    Some popular dishes in Mali include tô (a cornmeal-based porridge), rice with peanut sauce, and various meat stews.
  • What is the traditional music of Mali?
    The traditional music of Mali includes griot music, which is played on instruments such as the kora (harp-lute) and balafon (wooden xylophone).
  • What are some popular songs from Mali?
    Some popular songs from Mali include "Ai Du" by Ali Farka Touré and Toumani Diabaté, and "Sabali" by Amadou & Mariam.
  • How do I get a tourist visa for Mali?
    To obtain a tourist visa for Mali, you will need to apply at a Malian embassy or consulate in your home country. You will need to provide a passport, application form, and proof of travel plans.
  • What are some popular tourist destinations in Mali?
    Some popular tourist destinations in Mali include the city of Timbuktu, the Djenné Mosque, and the Dogon Country.
  • What is the best time to visit Mali?
    The best time to visit Mali is during the cool and dry season (October-February), when temperatures are more comfortable and there is less rain.
  • Is it safe to travel to Mali?
    The US Department of State currently has a Level 4 travel advisory for Mali, urging citizens not to travel to the country due to crime, terrorism, and kidnapping. It is important to research current safety conditions before planning a trip to Mali.
  • What should I wear when visiting Mali?
    Mali is a predominantly Muslim country, so it is important to dress modestly when visiting. Women should cover their shoulders and wear skirts or pants that cover their knees. Men should also avoid wearing shorts.
  • What is the traditional clothing of Mali?
    The traditional clothing of Mali includes boubous (long, loose-fitting robes) for men and boubous or wrappers for women. These garments are often made from brightly colored fabrics.
  • What are some cultural customs in Mali?
    Some cultural customs in Mali include greeting others with a handshake and using your right hand for eating and other interactions, as the left hand is considered unclean.
  • What is the main religion in Mali?
    The main religion in Mali is Islam, with over 90% of the population practicing this faith.
  • What are some traditional festivals in Mali?
    Some traditional festivals in Mali include the Festival on the Niger, which celebrates music and culture, and the Dogon Mask Festival, which showcases traditional Dogon masks and dances.
  • What are some common forms of transportation in Mali?
    Some common forms of transportation in Mali include buses, taxis, and minibuses (known as sotrama). There are also domestic flights available between major cities.
  • What is the voltage and plug type used in Mali?
    The voltage in Mali is 220-240V and the plug type is the European standard Type C and E.
  • Do I need to tip in Mali?
    Tipping is not expected in Mali, but it is appreciated for exceptional service. A small amount, such as 10% of the bill, is sufficient.
  • What is the time zone of Mali?
    Mali is in the GMT/UTC +0 time zone.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting mosques in Mali?
    Yes, visitors to mosques in Mali should dress modestly and remove their shoes before entering.
  • Can I use my credit card in Mali?
    Credit cards are not widely accepted in Mali, so it is best to have cash on hand. ATMs are available in major cities.
  • What vaccinations do I need before traveling to Mali?
    The CDC recommends being up-to-date on routine vaccinations as well as getting vaccinated for hepatitis A and typhoid before traveling to Mali. Other vaccinations may be recommended depending on your travel plans.
  • Do I need a visa to work or study in Mali?
    Yes, a visa is required for both work and study purposes in Mali. You will need to apply at a Malian embassy or consulate in your home country.
  • What is the emergency number in Mali?
    The emergency number in Mali is 17 for police, 15 for medical emergencies, and 18 for fire emergencies.
  • What is the official website for tourism in Mali?
    The official website for tourism in Mali is
  • What are some traditional crafts in Mali?
    Some traditional crafts in Mali include pottery, weaving, and woodcarving. The city of Segou is known for its pottery, while the Dogon people are known for their intricate woodcarvings.
  • What is the national dish of Mali?
    The national dish of Mali is tô with sauce, a cornmeal-based porridge served with a meat or vegetable sauce.
  • What is the main export of Mali?
    The main export of Mali is gold, followed by cotton and livestock.
  • What are some common modes of communication in Mali?
    Some common modes of communication in Mali include cell phones and internet cafes. Traditional methods such as sending letters through the postal service are also still used.
  • What is the literacy rate in Mali?
    As of 2017, the literacy rate in Mali was 33.4%.
  • Are there any UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Mali?
    Yes, there are four UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Mali: Timbuktu, Djenné, the Tomb of Askia, and the Cliff of Bandiagara (also known as the Dogon Country).
  • What is the main mode of transportation on the Niger River in Mali?
    The main mode of transportation on the Niger River in Mali is by pirogue, a long narrow canoe.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting traditional villages in Mali?
    Yes, visitors to traditional villages in Mali should dress modestly and respectfully, covering their shoulders and legs.
  • What is the national sport of Mali?
    The national sport of Mali is football (soccer).
  • What is the traditional architecture of Mali like?
    The traditional architecture of Mali is characterized by mud brick buildings with flat roofs and decorative elements such as wooden shutters and carvings.
  • What are some common greetings in Mali?
    Some common greetings in Mali include "bonjour" (hello), "ça va?" (how are you?), and "merci" (thank you).
  • What is the legal drinking age in Mali?
    The legal drinking age in Mali is 18 years old.
  • Are there any restrictions on photography in Mali?
    Photography is generally allowed in Mali, but it is important to be respectful and ask for permission before taking photos of people or religious sites.

A Closer Look at Mali - 马里

Mali Flag


Mali Formation Date

November 22, 1960

Mali Capital Name


Mali Neighbours

  1. Algeria Algeria
  2. Burkina Faso Burkina Faso
  3. Cote D'Ivoire Cote D'Ivoire
  4. Guinea Guinea
  5. Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau
  6. Mauritania Mauritania
  7. Niger Niger
  8. Senegal Senegal

Exploring Mali

Discover the Rich Culture and Natural Beauty of Mali

Located in West Africa, Mali is a landlocked country known for its vibrant culture, diverse landscapes, and ancient history. As an avid traveler and cultural commentator, I have had the opportunity to explore this fascinating country and immerse myself in its unique traditions and customs. In this article, I will take you on a journey through Mali, sharing key insights and information about its geography, history, government, economy, demographics, culture, and more.

Key Takeaways:

  • Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa known for its rich culture and diverse landscapes.
  • The country has a long and fascinating history dating back to ancient civilizations.
  • Mali's economy is primarily based on agriculture, mining, and tourism.
  • The population is predominantly made up of various ethnic groups with Islam as the dominant religion.
  • Mali is home to a vibrant culture with unique art, music, festivals, and traditions.
  • Tourism is an important industry in Mali, with attractions ranging from historical sites to natural wonders.


Mali is the eighth-largest country in Africa, covering an area of over 1.2 million square kilometers. It is bordered by seven countries: Algeria to the north, Niger to the east, Burkina Faso and Côte d'Ivoire to the south, Guinea to the southwest, Senegal to the west, and Mauritania to the northwest. The country's landscape is diverse, with the Sahara Desert covering the northern part of the country and the Niger River flowing through the central region. Mali also has several mountain ranges, including the Adrar des Ifoghas in the northeast and the Manding Mountains in the southwest. Mali is rich in natural resources, including gold, uranium, and salt. The country's climate is mostly arid, with hot summers and mild winters. However, the southern part of Mali experiences a wet season from June to September.

Origin and History:

Mali has a long and fascinating history dating back to ancient civilizations. The region was once home to the great Mali Empire, which flourished in the 14th century and was known for its wealth and power. The empire's decline in the 16th century led to the rise of smaller kingdoms and empires, including the Songhai Empire and the Bambara Kingdom. In the late 19th century, Mali became a French colony and gained independence in 1960. Since then, the country has faced political instability and economic challenges, but it continues to preserve its rich cultural heritage.

Government and Politics:

Mali is a democratic republic with a semi-presidential system of government. The president is both the head of state and head of government, while the prime minister is responsible for running the day-to-day affairs of the country. Mali is divided into eight administrative regions and one capital district. The country's foreign relations are primarily focused on maintaining peace and stability within the region. Mali also has close ties with France, its former colonial power.

Commerce and Economy:

Agriculture is the backbone of Mali's economy, with over 80% of the population engaged in farming. The country's main crops include cotton, rice, millet, and sorghum. Mining also plays a significant role in Mali's economy, with gold being its primary export. Tourism is another important industry in Mali, contributing to its economic growth. The country has several tourist attractions, including historical sites such as Timbuktu and the ancient city of Djenné, as well as natural wonders like the Bandiagara Escarpment and the Gao Sand Dunes.


Mali has a population of over 20 million people, with a majority belonging to various ethnic groups such as Bambara, Fulani, and Dogon. Islam is the dominant religion, followed by traditional African beliefs and Christianity. The population is primarily concentrated in the southern part of the country, with the capital city of Bamako being the largest and most populous city. The average age in Mali is 16 years, making it one of the youngest countries in the world.


Mali's culture is a blend of traditional African customs and Islamic influences. The country is known for its vibrant art, music, festivals, and traditions. Traditional music and dance are an integral part of Malian culture, with the kora (a stringed instrument) being a popular instrument. Some of the country's most famous festivals include the Festival au Désert (Festival in the Desert) and the Festival sur le Niger (Festival on the Niger). These festivals celebrate Malian culture through music, dance, and traditional performances.

Languages and Religion:

The official language of Mali is French, inherited from its colonial past. However, there are over 40 indigenous languages spoken in the country, with Bambara being the most widely used. Islam is the dominant religion in Mali, with over 90% of the population practicing it. Christianity and traditional African beliefs are also present in smaller numbers.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

Mali's education system follows a 6-4-4 structure, with six years of primary education, four years of secondary education, and four years of higher education. However, access to education remains a challenge for many, with a literacy rate of only 33%. The country's healthcare system is also facing challenges, with limited resources and access to medical facilities. The government has implemented various public health initiatives to improve healthcare services, but there is still room for improvement.

Sports and Recreation:

Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Mali, with the national team achieving success at both the continental and international levels. Other popular sports include basketball, boxing, and wrestling. Mali's diverse landscapes also offer opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, and wildlife viewing. The country's national parks, such as the Boucle du Baoulé National Park and the Bafing National Park, are home to a variety of flora and fauna.


Mali has a rich cultural heritage and diverse landscapes that make it an attractive destination for tourists. The ancient city of Timbuktu, known for its historical significance as a center of learning and trade, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other must-visit places include the Great Mosque of Djenné, the Bandiagara Escarpment, and the Gao Sand Dunes. The country has a range of accommodations, from luxury hotels to budget-friendly guesthouses. However, it is essential to research safety and security measures before traveling to Mali.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

Travelers to Mali must have a valid passport and visa to enter the country. It is recommended to consult with the nearest Malian embassy or consulate for specific visa requirements. Health and safety precautions should also be taken when traveling to Mali. It is advised to get vaccinated against common diseases such as yellow fever and malaria. Travelers should also be aware of local customs and etiquette, dress modestly, and avoid taking photographs without permission. The official currency of Mali is the West African CFA franc, and credit cards are not widely accepted. It is best to carry cash in the local currency for transactions.


  • "Mali is a country that is moving forward. It's not stuck in the past." - Amadou Toumani Touré
  • "Mali is a country of great ancient civilizations, but it is also a country of the future." - Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
  • "Mali is a place where hospitality is a way of life." - Unknown


Mali is a country with a rich history, vibrant culture, and diverse landscapes. Despite facing challenges, it continues to preserve its traditions and embrace progress. With its natural beauty and welcoming people, Mali has much to offer to travelers seeking an authentic African experience. As the country continues to develop and grow, it is sure to become an even more popular destination for tourists from around the world.

Mali Highest Point Name

The highest point in Mali is Hombori Tondo, located within Dogon Country. Hombori Tondo has an elevation of 1,155 meters (3,790 feet) above sea level.

Mali Capital Longitude

Bamako, Mali is the capital of Mali and its longitude is -7.985621.

Mali Capital Latitude

The capital of Mali is Bamako, located at 12.65°N 8.00°W.

Mali Official Languages

The official languages of Mali are French and Bambara.

Mali Ethnic Groups

Mali is a multi-ethnic nation with an estimated population of 19 million people, comprising of various ethnic groups. The majority of the population, approximately 1/3, are the Bambara people who have origins in the ancient Mali Empire. Other large ethnic groups in Mali include the Tuareg people, Fulani, Songhai, Senufo, Bobo, Bozo, Dogon, and Malinké. Minorities include the Arabs, Haalpular, Sikasso, and Mossi. Each ethnic group has its own culture, customs, language, and religious practices. The Bambara people are predominantly Muslim, the Fulani people are predominantly Shiite, and the Tuareg and Haalpular are mainly Sunni.

Mali Religions

Mali is a predominantly Islamic country with Islam accounting for about 95% of its religious practises. Islam is considered the nation’s religion and is one of the structures upon which Malian society is built. The majority of Muslims in Mali follow the Sunni tradition of Maliki law. There are also significant Christian and Animist minorities. Christianity is the predominant religion among the 3-5% of Malians who are from a non-Islamic background, mostly in the South. Animists make up 5-10% of the population and exist mainly in the central and northern parts of the country. They practice a variety of traditional African religions that emphasize the importance of traditional African values, rituals, and spiritual beliefs.

Mali Total Area

The total area of Mali is 1,240,192 square kilometers (476,837 square miles).

Mali Land Area

Mali covers an area of 1,240,192 km² (477,823 sq mi).

Mali Water Area

The total area of Mali is 1,241,238 square kilometers, of which 1,239,190 square kilometers are land and 2,048 square kilometers are water area.

Mali Total Population

According to the World Bank, in 2020, the population of Mali was 20.36 million.

Mali Currency Name

The official currency of Mali is the West African CFA franc (XOF).

Mali Currency Code

The currency of Mali is the West African CFA franc (XOF). Its currency code is XOF.

Mali Currency Symbol

The currency symbol for Mali is XOF.

Mali Time Zones

  • Standard Time: UTC-01:00
  • Daylight Saving Time: UTC±00:00

Mali is in the GMT+0 time zone and does not operate daylight saving time. It is located in Central Standard Time (CST). UTC format is UTC+0 in the summer, while UTC-1 in winter. The time in Mali does not shift forward by an hour.

Mali Calling Code

The country calling code for Mali is +223

Mali Internet TLD

How to Say "Mali" In Different Languages?

Mali (es-AR)
Brazilian Portuguese
Mali (pt-BR)
马里 (zh-CN)
Mali (fr-FR)
Mali (de-DE)
Μάλι (el-GR)
Mali (id-ID)
מאלי (he-IL)
Mali (it-IT)
マリ (ja-JP)
Mali (lv-LV)
Mali (ms-MY)
Mali (nl-NL)
مالی (ur-PK)
Mali (pl-PL)
Mali (ro-RO)
Мали (ru-RU)
Mali (af-ZA)
Mali (sv-SE)
Mali (tr-TR)

Mali Popular Holidays

Djembe and Wassalo Festival of Kouakourouba
1 January
New Year’s Day
1 January
Affo Festival
5 January
Soninke Association of Bamako’s New Year’s Day
7 January
Guelaw Festival
7 January
Senufo/Poro Festival of Dioila
14 January
Youth Day
17 January
Diaba Festival of Lere
17 January
10 February
Senufo/Poro Festival
7 March
Women's Day
8 March
Banamba Festival
12 March
Tabaski/Aid al-Adha
9 April
12 April
Bandiagara Festival of Arts and Cultural Heritage
13 April
Emancipation Day of African Slaves
22 April
Labour Day
1 May
Mother's Day
10 May
West African Pilot Union Anniversary
7 June
Fomba Festival
20 June
Gri-Gri Bambara/The Little Seeds Festival
26 June
Mali's National Day
22 July
Tigunagwane Festival
25 July
15 August
Toucouleur Day
15 August
Mopti Askia Day Festival
21 August
National Celebrations of the Gens de Bois
26 August
Festival of Djenne
27 August
Ceremony of the Young Maneils
30 August
Walata Cultural Festival
31 August
Nedega Festival
14 September
Festival of the Horse
15 September
Abundance Feast of Busansa
21 September
Independence Day
22 September
Festival of Fatimata Bazuma
2 October
Segou Cultural Festival
2 October
Dogon Cultural and Artistic Festival
3 October
Father's Day
18 October
Tennenoune Festival
20 October
Family Day
20 October
20 October
Gathering of The Rokia Traders
1 November
Transhumance Festival of Konna
9 November
Festival of the Clad Women
10 November
Morocco's Unification Day
12 November
Churchill's Yearly Prohibition of Wine & Alcohol
14 November
Intendumata's Festival of Niafunke
15 November
1907 Anglo-French Decree Declaring Bamako Capital of French Sudan
15 November
Kourmoussa Festival
24 November
Anti-slavery Day
25 November (25 December)
Flag Day
27 November
Assumption of Saint Mary
8 December
Festival of Bamba
14 December
Battle of Noukouma
16 December
Freedom and Democracy Day
17 December
Army Day
19 December
Gourma Festival of Djanet
19 December
Islamic New Year
20 December
Sangha Celebration
22 December
Family Reunion Day
25 December
Mossi Festival of Poni
29 December
Id al-Adha/Tabaski
31 December
Gourma Festival of Tassiga
31 December

We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Mali

National and Public Holidays in Mali next days/week/month/year

Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha is an Islamic holiday that honors the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim to follow God's command to sacrifice his son. It is celebrated by Muslims around the world and is seen as a time for families and friends to gather to share in the joy of the holiday. Traditionally, Muslims gather for prayer at mosques and community centers during the four-day celebration, and animals are slaughtered and shared among family, friends, and those in need. Gifts are also exchanged and hot meals prepared and served. Other activities may include recreational activities like music, dancing, and games.

Slavery Remembrance Day

Slavery Remembrance Day is an annual holiday commemorating the history of the African diaspora. It honors the struggles of those taken from Africa against the horrors of the transatlantic slave trade, as well as those who fought for equality and freedom. It is celebrated on the last Sunday of August and on August 1 in some countries.

The Prophet’s Birthday in Mali

Mali is a country rich in culture and heritage, and the Prophet’s Birthday is the most important holiday for the people of Mali. Celebrated each year for the past three centuries, the Prophet's Birthday is a time for families and individuals from all walks of life to come together in celebration of the life and teachings of Prophet Muhammad. The festivities of Mali's Prophet's Birthday begin several days before the actual date of commemoration. This year, the Prophet’s Birthday is observed on Friday, October 9th and promises to be especially noteworthy.

Independence Day in Mali

Mali celebrates Independence Day on September 22 each year. The day marks the country’s independence from France in 1960. National festivities and events are held throughout the day, including parades, music, and fireworks. Speeches are made honoring those who fought for the nation's freedom and played a role in achieving independence. The Malian national flag is proudly flown throughout the celebration.

Baptism of the Prophet in Mali

Baptism of the Prophet is a public holiday in Mali

Christmas Day in Mali

"As the sun rises over the colorful streets of Mali, locals and visitors alike eagerly await the festivities of Christmas Day, a joyful national holiday celebrated with lively music, delicious traditional dishes, and vibrant street parades. Immerse yourself in the rich culture and festive spirit of this beloved observance in this enchanting West African nation."

New Year’s Day

New Year's Day is celebrated on January 1 and marks the beginning of a new calendar year. It is a public holiday in many countries, including Canada, Australia, and the United States. Traditions include fireworks, parade, and special meals, along with family gatherings and often resolutions for a fresh start. People observe the holiday by counting down the seconds to midnight, watching the ball drop in Times Square, and celebrating with friends and family. To many, the holiday symbolizes a time of renewal, reflection, and hope for the future.

New Year in Mali

"Experience the rich cultural traditions and vibrant festivities of Mali's New Year's celebration, a national holiday filled with lively music, colorful parades, and mouth-watering cuisine. Immerse yourself in this festive atmosphere and make unforgettable memories in the heart of West Africa's cultural hub. A must-visit for any cultural explorer!"

Day of Regained Sovereignty in Mali

Experience the vibrant celebration of Mali's Day of Regained Sovereignty, a national holiday commemorating the country's liberation from colonial rule. Immerse yourself in traditional dances, music, and feasts as locals honor their cultural heritage and independence. A must-visit for a truly authentic Malian experience.

Army Day in Mali

Join in the vibrant celebrations of Army Day in Mali, a national holiday commemorating the bravery and sacrifices of the country's armed forces. From parades and ceremonies to cultural performances and feasts, experience the rich traditions and unity of this important observance in the heart of West Africa. #ArmyDay #MaliHoliday #CulturalCelebration

Upcoming Festivals in Mali

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days


Eid al-Fitr is a Muslim holiday celebrated to mark the end of the holy month of Ramadan, which is a month of fasting and spiritual reflection. It is an occasion of joy for Muslims around the world. It is celebrated by the exchange of gifts, feasting on traditional dishes, and attending prayer services. Muslims often dress in their finest clothing and share special visits with family and friends. Eid al-Fitr marks a time of celebration, joy, and thanksgiving for Muslims who have spent the month of Ramadan fasting and praying.

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