Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country located in West Africa. Its population of more than 20 million people live in a land of lush forests, savannas, and plains. Burkina Faso is known for its vibrant culture, rich history, and diverse natural resources. It is home to attractions such as the Larabanga Mosque, Ouagadougou Cathedral, and the GORGE National Park. It has a rapidly growing economy and a stable government. Burkina Faso is also committed to women’s rights, education, and development.

Tourism in Burkina Faso: A Vibrant and Unique Experience

Burkina Faso, a landlocked country in West Africa, may not be the first destination that comes to mind when planning a vacation. However, this small but culturally rich nation has a lot to offer for tourists seeking an authentic and off-the-beaten-path experience. From its bustling markets and colorful festivals to its stunning natural landscapes and warm hospitality, Burkina Faso is a hidden gem waiting to be discovered.

Introducing the Festive Spirit of Burkina Faso

One of the best times to visit Burkina Faso is during the country’s festive season, which runs from November to January. This period is filled with vibrant celebrations, lively music, and delicious food, making it an ideal time to experience the local culture and immerse yourself in the festive spirit. The warmth and communal joy of the Burkinabé people are infectious, making it a truly memorable time to visit.

Unique Tourist Attractions in Burkina Faso

While Burkina Faso may not have the same level of tourism infrastructure as other African countries, it boasts a variety of unique attractions that are sure to captivate visitors. One of the most popular destinations is the city of Ouagadougou, known for its bustling markets, traditional architecture, and vibrant nightlife. Other must-see places include the historic town of Bobo-Dioulasso, the scenic Banfora region with its waterfalls and lakes, and the Sahel region with its desert landscapes.

Important Places to Visit in Burkina Faso

For those interested in history and culture, Burkina Faso has several significant sites to explore. The Ruins of Loropéni, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, offers a glimpse into the country’s pre-colonial past. The National Museum of Music in Ouagadougou showcases the diverse musical traditions of Burkina Faso, while the Moro-Naba Palace provides a glimpse into the country’s traditional customs and ceremonies.

Activities to Enjoy in Burkina Faso

In addition to sightseeing, there are plenty of activities for tourists to enjoy in Burkina Faso. For nature lovers, there are opportunities for hiking, bird watching, and even safaris in the country’s national parks. Cultural activities such as traditional dance performances, drumming workshops, and cooking classes are also popular among visitors. And for those seeking adventure, there are options for rock climbing, quad biking, and hot air balloon rides.

Infrastructure and Transportation in Burkina Faso

While public transportation in Burkina Faso may not be as developed as in other countries, it is still relatively efficient and affordable. Buses and taxis are the most common modes of transportation for getting around the country. However, during the festive season, it is advisable to book tickets in advance and allow for extra travel time due to increased traffic.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

All foreign visitors to Burkina Faso must obtain a visa before entering the country. The application process can be done online or at a Burkinabé embassy or consulate. It is recommended to apply for a visa at least two weeks before your planned trip to allow for processing time.

Health and Safety

Before traveling to Burkina Faso, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional about necessary vaccinations and medications. It is also advisable to take precautions against mosquito-borne illnesses such as malaria. As with any travel destination, it is important to be aware of your surroundings and take necessary safety precautions.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Burkina Faso has a rich cultural heritage, and it is essential to respect local customs and etiquette while visiting. For example, it is customary to greet people with a handshake and use formal titles when addressing elders. It is also considered impolite to point with your finger, so use an open hand instead.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Burkina Faso is the West African CFA franc (XOF). Credit cards are not widely accepted, so it is best to carry cash in small denominations. US dollars and euros can also be exchanged at banks and exchange bureaus.

Festive Activities in Burkina Faso

The festive season in Burkina Faso is a time of joy, celebration, and cultural pride. Here are some unique activities that tourists can partake in during this period:

  • Attend the Grand Mask Festival in Dedougou, where traditional masks are paraded and danced.
  • Experience the colorful and lively Sabou Festival, which celebrates the harvest season.
  • Join in on the celebrations of the FESPACO film festival, the largest African film festival held in Ouagadougou.
  • Participate in traditional dance workshops to learn the steps of popular Burkinabé dances.
  • Indulge in delicious local cuisine, such as tô (a cornmeal dish) and riz gras (rice with meat and vegetables).

These activities not only offer a fun and memorable experience for tourists but also provide insight into the country’s traditions and cultural practices.

Infrastructure & Transit During the Festive Season

While public transportation may be more crowded during the festive season, it is still a reliable way to get around Burkina Faso. Here are some tips for efficiently traversing the country during this bustling period:

  • Book tickets in advance for buses and trains.
  • Consider hiring a private car and driver for more flexibility in your travels.
  • Be prepared for delays and allow for extra travel time.

Accommodation Options in Burkina Faso

From luxury hotels to budget-friendly guesthouses, there are various accommodation options available in Burkina Faso. During the festive season, it is advisable to book in advance, as many places may be fully booked. Staying in a local guesthouse or homestay is also a great way to immerse yourself in the culture and interact with the locals.

Shopping and Souvenirs in Burkina Faso

For those looking to bring home a piece of Burkina Faso, there are plenty of options for shopping and souvenirs. The Grand Market in Ouagadougou is a must-visit for its vibrant atmosphere and variety of goods, including traditional clothing, handicrafts, and spices. Other popular shopping destinations include the artisanal village of Laongo and the Naba Koom market in Bobo-Dioulasso.

When purchasing souvenirs, look for items that are handmade by local artisans, such as wooden carvings, woven baskets, and jewelry. These not only make unique and meaningful gifts but also support the local economy.

Technology and Connectivity

While internet access may not be as widespread in Burkina Faso as in other countries, it is still possible to stay connected during your trip. Many hotels and cafes offer Wi-Fi, and SIM cards can be purchased for mobile data. It is also advisable to download apps for navigation, language translation, and event bookings before your trip.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Burkina Faso is a country with diverse landscapes, from savannas and forests to deserts and mountains. For those interested in eco-tourism and outdoor adventures, there are plenty of options to choose from. Some popular activities include hiking in the Sindou Peaks, bird watching in the Arly National Park, and camping in the Tiébélé region.

It is essential to practice responsible tourism and respect the environment while participating in these activities. This includes not littering, staying on designated paths, and supporting local conservation efforts.

Local Festivals and Events

In addition to the larger festivals and events that take place during the festive season, there are also smaller local celebrations happening throughout the country. These events provide a more intimate and authentic experience for tourists to learn about the country’s culture and traditions. Some examples include the Gani Festival in Tengrela and the Suka Festival in Pô.

Practical Advice and Tips

Here are some practical tips to keep in mind when planning your trip to Burkina Faso:

  • Plan your budget carefully, as prices may be higher during the festive season.
  • Be aware of your surroundings and avoid walking alone at night.
  • Respect local customs and practices, such as dressing modestly and asking for permission before taking photos of people.
  • Carry a copy of your passport and other important documents with you at all times.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

If you’re planning a trip to Burkina Faso during the festive season, here is some practical information to help you make the most of your visit:

Optimal Time to Visit

The best time to visit Burkina Faso is during the festive season, from November to January. The weather is mild and pleasant during this period, making it ideal for outdoor activities and sightseeing.

Not-to-be-Missed Events and Activities

Some of the must-see events and activities during the festive season include the Grand Mask Festival, Sabou Festival, and FESPACO film festival. Other popular activities include traditional dance workshops, hiking in national parks, and sampling local cuisine.

Attire for the Country Climate and Festive Occasions

The climate in Burkina Faso is generally hot and dry, so lightweight and breathable clothing is recommended. However, during the festive season, it is also customary to dress more formally for celebrations. For women, this may mean wearing a dress or skirt with a top, while men may opt for a button-down shirt and trousers.

Local Customs and Practices

To show respect for the local culture, it is important to be aware of some dos and don’ts while visiting Burkina Faso. For example, it is considered impolite to eat or drink in public during Ramadan, and it is customary to remove your shoes when entering someone’s home.

Language Assistance

While French is the official language of Burkina Faso, there are over 60 different languages spoken throughout the country. Learning a few basic phrases in the local language, such as “hello” and “thank you,” can go a long way in interacting with the locals.

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergencies, here are some vital contact numbers to keep on hand:

  • Police: 17
  • Fire Department: 18
  • Ambulance: 15

In conclusion, Burkina Faso may not be the most well-known tourist destination, but it offers a unique and vibrant experience for those willing to explore. With its rich culture, diverse landscapes, and warm hospitality, this country is sure to leave a lasting impression on any traveler. So why not add Burkina Faso to your travel bucket list and experience the joy and beauty of this hidden gem in West Africa?

Burkina Faso: A Land of Diversity and Growth

Burkina Faso, also known as “Land of the Upright People”, is a landlocked country located in West Africa. It shares borders with six other countries including Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, and Ivory Coast. With a population of over 20 million people, Burkina Faso is a country rich in culture, history, and natural resources.

Geography and Climate

Burkina Faso covers an area of 274,200 square kilometers and is the 74th largest country in the world. The country is mostly flat with a few hills and has three main geographical regions – the Sahel region in the north, the Sudanese savanna in the central part, and the tropical rainforest in the south. The climate in Burkina Faso is predominantly hot and dry with two main seasons – the dry season from October to May and the rainy season from June to September.

Economy and Natural Resources

Burkina Faso’s economy is primarily based on agriculture, which accounts for about 32% of its GDP and employs around 80% of its workforce. The country is known for its production of cotton, gold, and livestock. In recent years, Burkina Faso has also seen growth in its mining sector, with gold being its most valuable export. Other natural resources found in Burkina Faso include manganese, zinc, limestone, and marble.

Population and Demographics

The population of Burkina Faso is estimated to be around 20.9 million people, with a majority of the population living in rural areas. The country has over 60 different ethnic groups, each with their own unique culture and traditions. The two main languages spoken in Burkina Faso are French and Moore, with over 60 other local languages also being spoken.

Education and Health

Education in Burkina Faso is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 16. However, due to poverty and lack of resources, the literacy rate in the country is only around 36%. The healthcare system in Burkina Faso is still developing, with a shortage of medical facilities and trained professionals. The life expectancy in the country is around 60 years.

Tourism and Culture

Burkina Faso is a country rich in cultural diversity, with various festivals and events celebrated throughout the year. The most popular festival is the International Arts and Crafts Fair, held annually in the capital city of Ouagadougou. The country also has several national parks and reserves, such as Arly National Park and W National Park, which are home to a diverse range of wildlife including elephants, lions, and hippos.

Interesting Facts about Burkina Faso

  • The country was previously known as Upper Volta before gaining independence from France in 1960.
  • Burkina Faso has one of the lowest GDP per capita rates in the world.
  • The country’s national dish is called “tô”, which is a type of porridge made from millet or sorghum flour.
  • The Mossi people make up the largest ethnic group in Burkina Faso.

Conclusion

Burkina Faso may be a small country, but it is full of diversity and potential for growth. With its rich culture, natural resources, and growing economy, the country has a promising future ahead. As it continues to develop and improve its infrastructure and healthcare systems, Burkina Faso is slowly becoming a popular destination for tourists looking to experience the beauty and vibrancy of West Africa.

Sources:

  • https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uv.html
  • https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/burkinafaso/overview
  • https://www.britannica.com/place/Burkina-Faso
  • https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-languages-are-spoken-in-burkina-faso.html
  • https://www.lonelyplanet.com/burkina-faso
  • Where is Burkina Faso located?
    Burkina Faso is located in West Africa, bordered by six countries: Mali to the north, Niger to the east, Benin to the southeast, Togo and Ghana to the south, and Ivory Coast to the southwest.
  • What is the capital of Burkina Faso?
    The capital of Burkina Faso is Ouagadougou.
  • What is the official language of Burkina Faso?
    The official language of Burkina Faso is French.
  • What is the currency used in Burkina Faso?
    The currency used in Burkina Faso is the West African CFA franc (XOF).
  • What is the population of Burkina Faso?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Burkina Faso is around 21.5 million people.
  • What are some popular dishes in Burkina Faso?
    Some popular dishes in Burkina Faso include riz gras (rice with meat and vegetables), tô (a porridge-like dish made from millet or sorghum), and poulet yassa (chicken marinated in onion and lemon sauce).
  • What type of music is popular in Burkina Faso?
    Traditional music, such as griot music and balafon (xylophone) music, is popular in Burkina Faso. Modern music genres like hip hop and reggae are also enjoyed.
  • What are some must-see tourist attractions in Burkina Faso?
    Some must-see tourist attractions in Burkina Faso include the Grand Mosque of Bobo-Dioulasso, the Ruins of Loropéni (a UNESCO World Heritage Site), and the Sindou Peaks.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Burkina Faso?
    Yes, most visitors will need a visa to enter Burkina Faso. However, citizens of certain countries may be exempt from this requirement. It is best to check with your local embassy or consulate for the most up-to-date information.
  • What is the best time of year to visit Burkina Faso?
    The best time to visit Burkina Faso is during the dry season, which runs from November to April. This is when the weather is most pleasant and there are fewer chances of rain.
  • Is it safe to travel to Burkina Faso?
    While Burkina Faso is generally considered safe for tourists, there have been recent security concerns due to political unrest and terrorist attacks. It is important to stay informed and take necessary precautions while traveling in the country.
  • What should I pack for a trip to Burkina Faso?
    Some essential items to pack for a trip to Burkina Faso include lightweight and breathable clothing, comfortable walking shoes, insect repellent, and any necessary medications.
  • What is the time zone of Burkina Faso?
    Burkina Faso follows Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and does not observe daylight saving time.
  • What is the voltage used in Burkina Faso?
    The voltage used in Burkina Faso is 220-240 volts, with a frequency of 50 Hz. It is recommended to bring a universal adapter if your electronic devices do not match this voltage.
  • Can I use my cell phone in Burkina Faso?
    It is possible to use your cell phone in Burkina Faso, but it may be expensive due to roaming charges. It is best to check with your mobile provider for international plans or purchase a local SIM card upon arrival.
  • What is the drinking age in Burkina Faso?
    The legal drinking age in Burkina Faso is 18 years old.
  • What is the dress code in Burkina Faso?
    The dress code in Burkina Faso is generally conservative, especially in more rural areas. It is recommended to dress modestly and cover shoulders and knees when visiting religious sites.
  • Is it customary to tip in Burkina Faso?
    Tipping is not expected in Burkina Faso, but it is appreciated for exceptional service. A small amount, such as 10% of the bill, is sufficient.
  • What is the emergency number in Burkina Faso?
    The emergency number in Burkina Faso is 17 for police, 18 for fire department, and 112 for general emergencies.
  • What is the official religion of Burkina Faso?
    There is no official religion in Burkina Faso, but the majority of the population practices Islam (around 61%) or Christianity (around 19%).
  • What are some traditional festivals and celebrations in Burkina Faso?
    Some traditional festivals and celebrations in Burkina Faso include the Festival of Masks (celebrating traditional mask dances), the Festival of the Diviner (honoring spiritual leaders), and the Harvest Festival (celebrating the end of the farming season).
  • What are some common modes of transportation in Burkina Faso?
    Common modes of transportation in Burkina Faso include buses, taxis, and moto-taxis (motorcycle taxis). Private car rentals are also available.
  • What is the weather like in Burkina Faso?
    The climate in Burkina Faso is generally hot and dry, with temperatures ranging from 68°F (20°C) to 104°F (40°C) throughout the year. The rainy season runs from May to October.
  • What are some important cultural customs in Burkina Faso?
    Some important cultural customs in Burkina Faso include greeting others with a handshake, showing respect to elders, and removing shoes before entering a home or mosque.
  • Are there any health concerns for travelers in Burkina Faso?
    Some health concerns for travelers in Burkina Faso include malaria, yellow fever, and typhoid. It is recommended to consult with a doctor and get necessary vaccinations before traveling.
  • What is the main source of income for Burkina Faso?
    Agriculture is the main source of income for Burkina Faso, with cotton being the most important cash crop. Gold mining and livestock farming are also significant contributors to the economy.
  • What is the literacy rate in Burkina Faso?
    As of 2018, the literacy rate in Burkina Faso was estimated to be around 36%. However, this rate varies greatly between urban and rural areas.
  • What are some traditional crafts and arts in Burkina Faso?
    Some traditional crafts and arts in Burkina Faso include pottery, weaving, woodcarving, and mask-making. These are often used for practical purposes or in traditional ceremonies.
  • What is the official government website of Burkina Faso?
    The official government website of Burkina Faso is http://www.gouvernement.gov.bf/.
  • What is the national dish of Burkina Faso?
    The national dish of Burkina Faso is riz gras, a rice dish cooked with meat, vegetables, and spices.
  • What is the traditional attire in Burkina Faso?
    The traditional attire in Burkina Faso varies depending on the ethnic group, but it often includes brightly colored fabrics and headwraps for both men and women.
  • What is the most commonly spoken language in Burkina Faso?
    The most commonly spoken language in Burkina Faso is Moore, spoken by around 50% of the population. Other widely spoken languages include Dioula, Fulfulde, and Gourmanchéma.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Burkina Faso?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Burkina Faso include traditional crafts such as pottery, textiles, and wooden masks. Handwoven baskets and jewelry made from local materials are also popular.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting mosques in Burkina Faso?
    It is recommended to dress conservatively when visiting mosques in Burkina Faso. This means covering shoulders and knees, and women may also be asked to cover their heads.
  • Can I use my credit card in Burkina Faso?
    Credit cards are not widely accepted in Burkina Faso. It is best to carry cash (preferably in local currency) for most transactions.
  • What are some common greetings in Burkina Faso?
    Common greetings in Burkina Faso include "Bonjour" (hello) and "Comment ça va?" (how are you?). When meeting someone for the first time, it is customary to ask about their family and health before getting into business or other matters.
  • What is the legal system in Burkina Faso?
    The legal system in Burkina Faso is based on French civil law and traditional African customs. There is also a separate Islamic court system for matters related to Muslim personal status.
  • What are some popular sports in Burkina Faso?
    Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Burkina Faso. Other popular sports include basketball, cycling, and martial arts.
  • What are some common means of communication in Burkina Faso?
    Common means of communication in Burkina Faso include cell phones, landline phones, and internet cafes. However, access to these may be limited in more rural areas.
  • What is the education system like in Burkina Faso?
    The education system in Burkina Faso follows a 6-4-3 structure (6 years of primary school, 4 years of lower secondary school, and 3 years of upper secondary school). Education is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 16.
  • What is the role of women in Burkinabe society?
    Traditionally, women in Burkina Faso have played a significant role in farming and household duties. However, there have been efforts to promote gender equality and empower women in recent years.
  • Are there any environmental concerns in Burkina Faso?
    Deforestation, soil erosion, and water pollution are some of the main environmental concerns in Burkina Faso. The country has also been affected by droughts and desertification due to climate change.
  • What is the main mode of transportation for goods in Burkina Faso?
    Trucks are the main mode of transportation for goods in Burkina Faso, as the country does not have a railway system. However, the government has plans to build a rail network in the future.
  • What are some common languages spoken in Burkina Faso?
    French is the official language of Burkina Faso, but there are over 60 indigenous languages spoken throughout the country. Some of the most widely spoken include Moore, Dioula, Fulfulde, and Gourmanchéma.
  • What is the main export of Burkina Faso?
    The main export of Burkina Faso is gold, followed by cotton and livestock products. The country also exports some agricultural products such as sesame seeds, shea butter, and cashews.
  • What is the most popular form of entertainment in Burkina Faso?
    Football (soccer) is the most popular form of entertainment in Burkina Faso, with many people following local and international teams. Traditional music and dance performances are also enjoyed.
  • Are there any famous landmarks in Burkina Faso?
    Some famous landmarks in Burkina Faso include the Grand Mosque of Bobo-Dioulasso, the Ruins of Loropéni (a UNESCO World Heritage Site), and the Sindou Peaks.
  • What is the main source of energy in Burkina Faso?
    The main source of energy in Burkina Faso is biomass (wood and charcoal), followed by oil and electricity. The government has been working to increase access to electricity through renewable energy sources.
  • Is English widely spoken in Burkina Faso?
    English is not widely spoken in Burkina Faso, as French is the dominant language. However, some people may speak English in tourist areas or larger cities.
  • What is the traditional religion in Burkina Faso?
    The traditional religion in Burkina Faso is animism, which involves the belief in spirits and ancestral worship. This is still practiced by some people, particularly in rural areas.
  • What are some common forms of art in Burkina Faso?
    Some common forms of art in Burkina Faso include pottery, weaving, woodcarving, and mask-making. These are often used for practical purposes or in traditional ceremonies.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting traditional villages in Burkina Faso?
    It is recommended to dress modestly when visiting traditional villages in Burkina Faso out of respect for the local customs and traditions. This means covering shoulders and knees, and women may also be asked to cover their heads.

A Closer Look at Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso Flag

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso Formation Date

Burkina Faso gained independence from France on August 5, 1960.

Burkina Faso Capital Name

? Ouagadougou

Burkina Faso Neighbours

  1. Mali Mali
  2. Niger Niger
  3. Benin Benin
  4. Togo Togo
  5. Ghana Ghana
  6. Cote D'Ivoire Cote D'Ivoire

Exploring Burkina Faso

The Origin of Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso, formerly known as Upper Volta, was originally colonized by the French in 1896, though the region has a history spanning much further back. Two of the major pre-colonial Kingdoms in the area were the Mossi Empire and the Tagarâ Kingdom. The Mossi Empire developed the most advanced form of organized society in what is now Burkina Faso, and was distinguished by its complex political, social, and religious hierarchies. French colonization of the region after 1896 was both economic and cultural, though France was the only European power to take direct control of the area. The French administered the new colony by dividing the land into districts (cercles) and using men from the city of Ouagadougou to help rule the newly formed territories. The French continued to rule over the region until its independence in 1960, when it was renamed the Republic of Upper Volta.

Culture of Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is a diverse nation that is composed of more than 60 ethnic groups. The largest and most influential group is the Mossi people, which make up about half of the population. Islam is the primary religion in Burkina Faso, and it has been a major influence in the nation’s arts, music, and literature. The country also has a vibrant culture of traditional music and dance, and some of the major music styles include hip hop, reggae, African jazz, makoussa, and Zoblazo. Traditionally, the country has also been known for its artisans, who craft all sorts of items from leather, wood, stone, and other materials.

Sports in Burkina Faso

Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Burkina Faso. It is played on both the amateur and professional levels, and national and international tournaments are held periodically. Basketball is also quite popular, particularly among youth, as is handball. Rugby and tennis are also played, though to a lesser extent. Burkina Faso also has a strong tradition of martial arts, including Dambe (known internationally as ‘leather boxing’).

Religion in Burkina Faso

Islam is the dominant religion in Burkina Faso, practiced by over half of the population. Christianity is the second most-practiced religion, followed by traditional African beliefs (animism and witchcraft). freedom of Religion is constitutionally protected, and other religions are allowed to be practiced as long as it is done in accordance with the law and with respect for other religions.

Languages of Burkina Faso

French is the official language of Burkina Faso, but many native languages are also spoken in the country. The main native languages of Burkina Faso are Fulfulde, Moré, Mandinka, and Dagursi. Additionally, peul, Lobi, and Dioula are also spoken in some areas of the country.

Education in Burkina Faso

Education in Burkina Faso is offered at both the primary and secondary levels and is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 16. Primary education consists of six years of study and is followed by a three-year cycle of lower secondary school. Literacy rates among adults in Burkina Faso are estimated to be as low as 26.4%, especially in rural areas. Efforts have been made by the government to increase access to education and improve the quality of the education system.

Demographics of Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is a landlocked, mostly rural country located in West Africa. As of 2019, the population of Burkina Faso is estimated to be around 20 million. The population is very youthful, with over half of the population aged 14 or younger. Life expectancy is relatively low at 59.5 years for the total population, and the overall fertility rate is 5.3 children per woman.

Commerce in Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is largely dependent upon agriculture for its economic growth. Cotton, cereals, sorghum, millet, corn, and peanuts are some of the major crops that are produced. The main exports of Burkina Faso include cotton, gold, and livestock. The country also has an active tourism sector, which provides additional revenue and employment opportunities.

Weather in Burkina Faso

The climate in Burkina Faso varies across the country, with the northern parts having a sub-Saharan climate and the southern parts having a tropical savanna climate. The more northerly regions experience hot, dry, and dusty conditions, with the hottest season occurring between November and February. The northern regions also experience a cooler wet season from June to September, while the south has a much wetter summer season.

Borders of Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is bound to the north by Mali, to the east by Niger, to the south by Benin, Togo, and Ghana, and to the west by Cote d'Ivoire. The country covers an area of 105,869 square miles and the total length of its borders is 1,890 miles.

Burkina Faso Image Gallery

Burkina Faso Highest Point Name

The highest point in Burkina Faso is Tena Kourou, which stands at an elevation of 749 metres (2,457 feet).

Burkina Faso Highest Point Value

749 m

Burkina Faso Capital Longitude

Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso, has a longitude of -1.5312.

Burkina Faso Capital Latitude

The capital of Burkina Faso is Ouagadougou, and it is located at 12.3708° N, 1.5236° W.

Burkina Faso Official Languages

The official language of Burkina Faso is French. The language is also used as an official language in the countries of Cote d'Ivoire, Niger, Benin, and Togo. Additionally, the language of Mooré is also widely spoken in the country, as are other local languages including Fulfulde, Jula, Dagara, Gourmantché, Ligbi, and Bissa.

Burkina Faso Ethnic Groups

Burkina Faso is a multi-ethnic country of more than 60 ethnic groups. The main ethnic groups include the Mossi, which make up about half of the population, the Bobo, Gurunsi, the Lobi, Fula, and the Dagomba. Other minority ethnic groups such as the Tuareg, Fulani, Moor, and Mandé make up the remaining population. Although there is a wide variety of ethnic backgrounds, all are united by the national language of French, and the majority are Muslims. The cultural heritage of Burkina Faso is marked by a diverse set of customs and beliefs, including the traditional beliefs of the Mossi, the Mande’s commitment to Islam, and the localized cultural practices of the minority groups.

Burkina Faso Religions

The main religions in Burkina Faso are Islam and traditional African religion. Islam is the dominant religion, followed by approximately 60% of the population. The majority of Muslims are Sunni, while there is a small Shi'a presence. Traditional African religious beliefs are practiced by a substantial portion of the population as well. Christianity is also practiced by about 32% of the population, with the majority of Christians being Roman Catholic and a small minority belonging to various Protestant denominations. These religions coexist peacefully throughout the country. The Constitution guarantees equal rights and freedom of religious belief.

Burkina Faso Total Area

The total area of Burkina Faso is 274,200 square kilometers (105,869 square miles).

Burkina Faso Land Area

Burkina Faso has an estimated total land area of 105,000 square miles (272,200 sq km).

Burkina Faso Water Area

The total surface area of Burkina Faso is approximately 274200 km², of which the country’s water area is estimated to be 1,150 km², accounting for only 0.42% of the total surface area of the country.

Burkina Faso Total Population

As of July 2020, the population of Burkina Faso is estimated to be 20,321,378 people.

Burkina Faso Currency Name

The official currency of Burkina Faso is the West African CFA franc, which is used in multiple countries in West and Central Africa, including Burkina Faso. The currency symbol is CFA or XOF.

Burkina Faso Currency Code

The currency code for Burkina Faso is XOF.

Burkina Faso Currency Symbol

The currency of Burkina Faso is the West African CFA Franc denoted by the symbol XOF.

Burkina Faso Time Zones

  • UTC±00:00

Burkina Faso is located in West Africa and follows the Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) or Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). Burkina Faso is in the UTC+0 time zone. Standard time runs all year long, with no daylight saving time. Burkina Faso does not observe Daylight Saving Time, so no seasonal shifts occur.

Burkina Faso Calling Code

: +226

Burkina Faso Internet TLD

www.aveholidays.bf

How to Say "Burkina Faso" In Different Languages?

Australian English
Burkina Faso (en-AU)
Portuguese
Burkina Faso (pt-BR)
Czech
Burkina Faso (cs-CZ)
French
Burkina Faso (fr-FR)
German
Burkina Faso (de-DE)
Hindi
बुर्किना फासो (hi-IN)
Italian
Burkina Faso (it-IT)
Japanese
ブルキナファソ (ja-JP)
Spanish
Burkina Faso (es-MX)
New Zealand English
Burkina Faso (en-NZ)
Portuguese
Burkina Faso (pt-PT)
Russian
Буркина-Фасо (ru-RU)
Arabic
بوركينا فاسو (ar-SA)
Afrikaans
Burkina Faso (af-ZA)
Korean
부르키나파소 (ko-KR)
Turkish
Burkina Faso (tr-TR)
Ukrainian
Буркіна-Фасо (uk-UA)
British English
Burkina Faso (en-GB)
American English
Burkina Faso (en-US)

Burkina Faso Popular Holidays

New Year's Day
1 January
Revolution Anniversary
4 January
Carnival Sunday (Kirikou)
26 February
Easter
4 April (5 April)
Yennenga Day
1 May
Ascencion Day
19 May
Eid al-Fitr
31 May (4 June)
Labour Day
1 June
Independence Day
5 August
All Saints Day
1 November
Republic Day
11 November
Immaculate Conception Day
8 December
Christmas (Human Rights Day)
25 December

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Upcoming Holidays in Burkina Faso

National and Public Holidays in Burkina Faso next days/week/month/year

International Women’s Day (IWD): 8 March

International Women’s Day (IWD), celebrated annually on 8 March, is a global holiday devoted to recognizing the social, cultural, economic, and political achievements of women. It is also a call to action for accelerating gender equality and challenging the biases that interact with the current gender norms. This celebration of female achievement is a reminder of the challenges women still face, from wage and opportunity inequality, to access to healthcare. IWD is a reminder to recognize and honor all women around the world.

International Women’s Day in Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso's National Women's Day celebration is a colorful and empowering experience, honoring the courage and resilience of the country's women. From vibrant parades to traditional dances and delicious local cuisine, this festival showcases the beauty and strength of Burkinabe women. Celebrate their achievements and join in on the festive spirit.

Ramadan

Ramadan is a Muslim holy month of fasting observed by believers worldwide. It is a period of spiritual reflection, self-improvement, and increased devotion and worship. During this month, Muslims abstain from food, drink, and smoking during the hours of sunrise to sunset. During Ramadan, Muslims focus on renewing their faith through increased devotion, prayer, and supplication. They visit the mosque more regularly and read and contemplate the Quran. This month is also known for its spirit of generosity and charity, as Muslims give to the less fortunate.

Independence Day in Burkina Faso

Independence Day is a national holiday celebrated in Burkina Faso on the 5st of August. It commemorates the country's freedom from French colony rule in 1960. Fireworks, parades and long processions generally mark the special day. People also gather to listen to speeches from the Prime Minister and others. Traditional music and dancing are also part of the festivities. This public holiday is a time for patriotism and reflection of the hard-won freedom enjoyed today.

Slavery Remembrance Day

Slavery Remembrance Day is an annual holiday commemorating the history of the African diaspora. It honors the struggles of those taken from Africa against the horrors of the transatlantic slave trade, as well as those who fought for equality and freedom. It is celebrated on the last Sunday of August and on August 1 in some countries.

The Prophet’s Birthday in Burkina Faso

Let’s all come together to celebrate The Prophet’s Birthday in Burkina Faso! Every year on the 12th of Rabi’ al-Awwal, the people of Burkina Faso come together to rejoice in the life and teachings of the holy Prophet Muhammad.

African Freedom Day

African Freedom Day is a holiday celebrated annually on May 25 to commemorate the freedom of African nations from colonial rule. It is a time to celebrate the progress made in African countries towards independence and to recall the struggle for human rights and justice. The day is also observed to remember past and present struggles and to mark a commitment to a stronger, more equitable future for the continent.

Martyrs’ Day in Burkina Faso

Today is the day of celebration in Burkina Faso as the country marks the annual observance of Martyrs’ Day. It is a day to commemorate and celebrate the lives of the thousands of people who laid down their lives to fight for the nation’s freedom and democracy. The public holiday is also dedicated to honouring the memory of the people who fought for the independence of the people and the country. Martyrs' Day is a public holiday in Burkina Faso.

All Saints’ Day in Burkina Faso

All Saints' Day in Slovakia is a special day filled with traditions that have been passed down for generations. It is observed every year on the first day of November and is a day to remember and honor all saints, both known and unknown, throughout Christian history.

Day off for All Saints’ Day in Burkina Faso

Experience the rich cultural traditions and vibrant celebrations of Burkina Faso on All Saints' Day. This national holiday brings together communities to honor the memory of their ancestors and pay tribute to the country's diverse religious and cultural heritage. Embrace the lively atmosphere and immerse yourself in this unique observance.

Upcoming Festivals in Burkina Faso

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Special Working Day in Taiwan

Welcome to 'Special Working Day, Taiwan.' For nearly a decade, we, the people of Taiwan, have commemorated this day by gathering together and recognizing those who strive to make our nation a better place. Special Working Day is a working day on weekend in Taiwan.

Yukon Heritage Day in Canada

Join the celebration of Canada's rich cultural legacy on Yukon Heritage Day. Held annually on the first Monday in August, this public holiday pays homage to the diverse traditions and customs of the Yukon Territory. From street performances to traditional feasts, experience the vibrancy of this unique Canadian festival.

Founding Day Public Sector Holiday in Saudi Arabia

"As the vibrant culture of Saudi Arabia continues to thrive, the Founding Day Public Sector Holiday stands as a testament to the country's rich heritage and development. Celebrated nationwide, this public holiday honours the establishment of Saudi Arabia and its significance in shaping the nation. Join in the festivities and discover the beauty of this local holiday."

Defender of the Fatherland Day in Belarus

"Belarus' Defender of the Fatherland Day, a national holiday celebrated annually on February 23rd, pays tribute to the brave men and women who have dedicated their lives to protecting their country. This festival showcases the rich cultural heritage and unbreakable spirit of the Belarusian people. A must-visit for any curious traveler."

Defender of the Fatherland Day in Russia

This year, on February 23rd, Russia celebrates Defender of the Fatherland Day, a national holiday honoring the courage and dedication of its armed forces. This day is marked with parades, fireworks, and heartfelt tributes to the brave men and women who protect and defend the nation. A must-see experience for any traveler!

Emperor’s Birthday in Japan

"Experience the grandeur and tradition of a National Holiday in Japan as the entire country celebrates the Emperor's Birthday. From colorful parades to elaborate ceremonies, immerse yourself in the rich cultural heritage of Japan on this highly-anticipated observance day. Don't miss out on the festivities and book your trip to Japan now!"

Navam Full Moon Poya Day in Sri Lanka

"Experience the spiritual and cultural significance of Navam Full Moon Poya Day in Sri Lanka, a national holiday observed by Buddhists. Immerse yourself in ancient rituals and colourful processions during this festival of lights, as devotees gather to pay homage to Lord Buddha. A must-see for any traveller seeking a unique and insightful cultural experience."

Mashramani (Republic Day) in Guyana

"Experience the vibrant celebrations of Mashramani, Guyana's national festival and observance of Republic Day. Immerse yourself in the colorful parades, lively music, and mouth-watering cuisine that showcase the country's rich cultural heritage. A must-see for any traveler seeking an unforgettable holiday in South America!"

Defender of the Fatherland Day in Kyrgyzstan

"Join the vibrant celebrations of Defender of the Fatherland Day in Kyrgyzstan, a national holiday honoring the bravery and sacrifice of those who have fought for their country. With colorful parades, traditional music and local delicacies, this festival is a true testament to the strong patriotic spirit of the Kyrgyz people."

National Day in Brunei

"Experience the vibrant colors and rich traditions of Brunei on their National Day, a joyous public holiday celebrated on February 23rd. Immerse yourself in local cultural performances, indulge in mouth-watering delicacies, and witness the grand parade showcasing the country's pride and patriotism. A must-visit for any cultural enthusiast and travel aficionado."

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