Ethiopia is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is the second most populous country in Africa with a population of over 100 million people. Ethiopia is renowned for its cultural heritage and is widely known for its influence in the ancient world. It is also famous for being the birthplace of coffee. Ethiopia has rich natural resources and is renowned for its mountainous landscapes, wildlife, and numerous national parks. It is also considered a global leader in sustainable agriculture.

Tourism in Ethiopia: A Cultural and Adventurous Experience

The country of Ethiopia is a land of rich history, diverse culture, and breathtaking landscapes. With its festive spirit, unique tourist attractions, and vibrant traditions, it is no wonder that Ethiopia has become a popular destination for travelers from all around the world. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I invite you to explore this beautiful country and discover all that it has to offer.

Introducing the Festive Spirit

One of the first things you will notice upon arriving in Ethiopia is the lively and joyous atmosphere. The people of Ethiopia are known for their warm hospitality and love for celebrations. From religious festivals to cultural events, there is always something to celebrate in this country. The most popular festivals include Timkat (Ethiopian Epiphany), Meskel (Finding of the True Cross), and Enkutatash (Ethiopian New Year). These festivals are not only important religious events but also serve as a time for family gatherings, feasting, and traditional dances.

Unique Tourist Attractions

Ethiopia is home to a plethora of unique tourist attractions that are particularly popular during the festive season. The most famous of these is the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. These 11 monolithic churches were carved out of solid rock in the 12th century and are still used for religious ceremonies today. Other must-visit attractions include the ancient city of Axum, the Blue Nile Falls, and the Simien Mountains National Park.

General Overview: Highlight Tourist Attractions

  • The rock-hewn churches of Lalibela
  • The ancient city of Axum
  • The Blue Nile Falls
  • The Simien Mountains National Park
  • The Danakil Depression
  • The Omo Valley

Important Places: Describe Key Tourist Destinations

As mentioned earlier, the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela and the ancient city of Axum are two of the most important tourist destinations in Ethiopia. However, there are many other places worth visiting in this diverse country. The Blue Nile Falls, also known as Tis Abay, is a spectacular waterfall located near the town of Bahir Dar. The Simien Mountains National Park is home to some of the most breathtaking landscapes in Africa, including the highest peak in Ethiopia, Ras Dashen. The Danakil Depression, one of the hottest and driest places on earth, is also a popular destination for adventurous travelers.

Activities: Suggest Tourist Activities

Ethiopia offers a wide range of activities for tourists to indulge in. For nature lovers, hiking in the Simien Mountains or trekking to the top of Ras Dashen is a must. History buffs can explore ancient ruins and archaeological sites such as the ruins of Aksum and the Gondar Castle. Foodies can enjoy traditional Ethiopian cuisine, known for its unique flavors and spices. And for those seeking adventure, there are options for white-water rafting, camel trekking, and even hot air balloon rides over the stunning landscapes.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Ethiopia has made significant improvements in its infrastructure and transportation systems in recent years. The capital city of Addis Ababa has a well-developed public transportation system, including buses and light rail. However, it is recommended to hire a private guide or driver to navigate through the country’s more remote areas. During the festive season, it is advisable to book transportation and accommodations in advance, as they can fill up quickly.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

All foreign visitors to Ethiopia are required to obtain a visa before arrival. The visa application process can be done online or at an Ethiopian embassy or consulate. It is recommended to apply for a visa at least two weeks before your planned trip to allow for processing time.

Health and Safety

It is important to take necessary health precautions when traveling to Ethiopia. It is recommended to get vaccinated for yellow fever, typhoid, and hepatitis A and B before your trip. It is also advisable to drink only bottled water and avoid raw fruits and vegetables. As with any travel destination, it is essential to be aware of your surroundings and take necessary safety precautions.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Ethiopia has a unique culture and customs that should be respected by all visitors. It is customary to greet people with a handshake and say “salam” (hello) or “salamno” (how are you). Dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites, and always ask for permission before taking photos of people. It is also important to note that public displays of affection are not acceptable in Ethiopia.

Currency and Payment Methods

The currency used in Ethiopia is the Ethiopian birr (ETB). Most major credit cards are accepted in larger cities, but it is recommended to carry cash when traveling outside of these areas. ATMs are available in major cities, but it is advisable to have some cash on hand for smaller purchases.

Festive Activities

The festive season in Ethiopia offers unique activities and experiences for tourists to indulge in. During Timkat, visitors can witness the colorful processions and ceremonies that take place to celebrate the baptism of Jesus. Meskel is known for its traditional bonfire celebrations, where locals gather to light a large bonfire and sing and dance around it. Enkutatash is a time for new beginnings, and visitors can join in on the celebrations by wearing traditional white clothing and participating in feasts and dances.

Infrastructure & Transit

With the surge of tourists during the festive season, it is important to plan ahead for efficient transit in Ethiopia. Private transportation is recommended for traveling between cities, as public transportation can be unreliable. It is also advisable to book accommodations near popular attractions to minimize travel time.

Accommodation Options

Ethiopia offers a variety of accommodation options for all types of travelers. From luxury hotels to budget-friendly guesthouses, there is something for everyone. For a unique experience, consider staying in a traditional Ethiopian guesthouse or eco-lodge. These accommodations not only offer comfortable lodging but also provide an authentic cultural experience.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Ethiopia is known for its vibrant markets and unique souvenirs. The largest market in Africa, the Mercato in Addis Ababa, is a must-visit for those looking to purchase traditional Ethiopian goods such as coffee, spices, and hand-woven textiles. Other popular markets include the Shiro Meda Market for traditional clothing and the Sabahar Fair Trade store for handmade textiles and home goods.

Technology and Connectivity

Staying connected while traveling in Ethiopia is easy with the availability of Wi-Fi in most major cities. However, it is recommended to purchase a local SIM card for data usage. There are also several helpful apps for travelers, including maps, language translation, and event booking apps.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Ethiopia is home to some of the most breathtaking landscapes in Africa, making it a perfect destination for eco-tourism and outdoor adventures. Visitors can go trekking in the Simien Mountains, explore the Bale Mountains National Park, or take a safari in the Omo Valley. It is important to practice responsible tourism and respect the natural environment while participating in these activities.

Local Festivals and Events

In addition to the major festivals mentioned earlier, there are many smaller local festivals and events that take place throughout the year in Ethiopia. These events offer a glimpse into the unique traditions and customs of different regions in the country. Some popular events include the Genna Festival (Ethiopian Christmas) in Lalibela and the Meskel Flower Festival in Bahir Dar.

Practical Advice and Tips

When planning your trip to Ethiopia, it is important to budget accordingly for transportation, accommodations, and activities. It is also recommended to have some cash on hand for smaller purchases, as credit cards may not be accepted everywhere. As with any travel destination, it is essential to be aware of your surroundings and take necessary safety precautions.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

If you are planning a trip to Ethiopia during the festive season, here are some practical tips and information to help you make the most of your visit:

  • The best time to visit Ethiopia is from September to March when the weather is mild and dry.
  • Tickets for popular festivals and events should be purchased in advance.
  • Be prepared for long lines and crowds at popular attractions during the festive season.
  • Wear comfortable shoes and clothing for exploring the country’s diverse landscapes.
  • Respect local customs and practices, including dress codes and religious traditions.
  • Learn a few basic phrases in Amharic, the official language of Ethiopia, to communicate with locals.
  • In case of emergency, dial 911 for police, 907 for ambulance, and 903 for fire department.

With its rich culture, stunning landscapes, and vibrant festivals, Ethiopia offers a unique and unforgettable travel experience. So pack your bags and get ready to immerse yourself in the festive spirit of this beautiful country!


Ethiopia, officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country located in the Horn of Africa. It is the second-most populous country in Africa, with a population of over 109 million people. Ethiopia has a rich history and diverse culture, making it a popular tourist destination. In this article, we will delve into the statistics and data of Ethiopia to give you a better understanding of this fascinating country.


Ethiopia covers an area of 1.1 million square kilometers, making it the 27th largest country in the world. It shares borders with six countries: Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia to the east, Kenya to the south, South Sudan to the west, and Sudan to the northwest. The country is divided into nine regional states and two chartered cities.

The landscape of Ethiopia is diverse, with highlands, plateaus, and valleys. The Great Rift Valley runs through the country, dividing it into two parts. The northern part is dominated by highlands and mountains, including the Simien Mountains, which are home to several endemic species. The southern part consists of lowlands and savannahs.


As mentioned earlier, Ethiopia has a population of over 109 million people, making it the second-most populous country in Africa after Nigeria. The population is predominantly young, with a median age of 19 years old. The majority of the population (83%) lives in rural areas, while only 17% live in urban areas.

The largest ethnic group in Ethiopia is the Oromo, making up about 34% of the population. Other major ethnic groups include Amhara (27%), Somali (6%), Tigray (6%), Sidama (4%), Gurage (2%), and others. The official language is Amharic, but there are over 80 languages spoken in the country.


Ethiopia has one of the fastest-growing economies in Africa, with an average GDP growth rate of 9.5% over the past decade. Agriculture is the main contributor to the economy, employing over 80% of the population. The country is known for its coffee production, which accounts for about 60% of its export earnings.

In recent years, Ethiopia has also seen growth in other sectors such as manufacturing, construction, and services. The government has implemented various economic reforms to attract foreign investment and promote private sector growth.


Ethiopia is a popular tourist destination, attracting over 1 million visitors annually. The country has a rich history and cultural heritage, with ancient ruins and historical sites dating back thousands of years. Some of the top tourist attractions include Lalibela, a UNESCO World Heritage Site famous for its rock-hewn churches, and the ancient city of Axum, which was once the capital of the Kingdom of Aksum.

The natural beauty of Ethiopia also draws many tourists, with attractions such as the Blue Nile Falls, Lake Tana, and the Danakil Depression. The country is also home to diverse wildlife, including the endangered Ethiopian wolf and the gelada baboon.


Education in Ethiopia is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 7 and 14. However, access to education is still a challenge in rural areas due to poverty and lack of infrastructure. The literacy rate in Ethiopia is 49%, with a significant gap between males (57%) and females (41%).

The country has made significant progress in recent years in improving access to education, with an increase in enrollment rates at all levels. However, there is still a need for more investment in the education sector to ensure quality education for all.


Ethiopia has made significant strides in improving its healthcare system, with an increase in life expectancy from 44 years in 2000 to 66 years in 2020. The government has invested in building healthcare facilities and training healthcare workers, resulting in improved access to healthcare services for its citizens.

However, challenges such as a shortage of medical supplies and equipment, as well as a lack of skilled healthcare workers, still exist. The country also faces health issues such as high rates of malnutrition and infectious diseases like malaria and tuberculosis.


In conclusion, Ethiopia is a diverse and rapidly developing country with a rich history and culture. It has made significant progress in recent years in various sectors, but there is still room for improvement. With its natural beauty, ancient sites, and warm hospitality, Ethiopia is a must-visit destination for anyone looking to experience the beauty of Africa

  • What is the capital of Ethiopia?
    The capital of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa.
  • What is the population of Ethiopia?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Ethiopia is over 115 million.
  • What languages are spoken in Ethiopia?
    There are over 80 different languages spoken in Ethiopia, with Amharic being the most widely spoken.
  • What is the currency used in Ethiopia?
    The currency used in Ethiopia is the Ethiopian Birr (ETB).
  • What is the national dish of Ethiopia?
    The national dish of Ethiopia is called injera, a sourdough flatbread served with various stews and dishes.
  • What is the climate like in Ethiopia?
    The climate in Ethiopia varies depending on the region, but it is generally tropical and temperate with a dry season from October to May and a rainy season from June to September.
  • What are some popular tourist attractions in Ethiopia?
    Some popular tourist attractions in Ethiopia include Lalibela, a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its rock-hewn churches, the Simien Mountains National Park, and Lake Tana, the largest lake in Ethiopia.
  • What is the traditional music of Ethiopia?
    The traditional music of Ethiopia is called Amharic music, which incorporates elements of jazz and reggae.
  • What is the most popular sport in Ethiopia?
    The most popular sport in Ethiopia is football (soccer), with the national team being known as "Walias" or "Walayas" (the Ibexes).
  • What are some traditional dances in Ethiopia?
    Some traditional dances in Ethiopia include the Eskista, a shoulder dance, and the Gurage dance, which is performed during holidays and celebrations.
  • What is the traditional clothing of Ethiopia?
    The traditional clothing of Ethiopia is called a "habesha kemis" or "habesha dress," which is a long, white cotton dress with colorful borders.
  • What are some popular dishes in Ethiopian cuisine?
    Some popular dishes in Ethiopian cuisine include doro wat (spicy chicken stew), kitfo (raw minced beef dish), and tibs (sauteed meat dish).
  • What is the most widely celebrated holiday in Ethiopia?
    The most widely celebrated holiday in Ethiopia is Timkat, a celebration of the Epiphany that takes place in January.
  • What is the literacy rate in Ethiopia?
    As of 2021, the literacy rate in Ethiopia is estimated to be around 49%. However, efforts are being made to improve access to education for all Ethiopians.
  • What is the national symbol of Ethiopia?
    The national symbol of Ethiopia is the Lion of Judah, which represents strength and courage.
  • What is the predominant religion in Ethiopia?
    The predominant religion in Ethiopia is Christianity, with over 60% of the population identifying as Ethiopian Orthodox Christian.
  • What is the main mode of transportation in Ethiopia?
    The main mode of transportation in Ethiopia is by road, with buses and minibuses being the most common form of public transportation. However, air travel is also available between major cities.
  • What are some traditional holidays celebrated in Ethiopia?
    Some traditional holidays celebrated in Ethiopia include Meskel (finding of the True Cross), Enkutatash (Ethiopian New Year), and Fasika (Easter).
  • What is the average life expectancy in Ethiopia?
    As of 2021, the average life expectancy in Ethiopia is around 66 years.
  • What is the government system in Ethiopia?
    Ethiopia is a federal parliamentary republic, with the Prime Minister serving as the head of government and the President as the head of state.
  • What are some traditional crafts in Ethiopia?
    Some traditional crafts in Ethiopia include weaving, pottery, and basket making. The most famous craft is the hand-woven Ethiopian cotton fabric known as "shemma" or "netela" which is used to make traditional clothing.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Ethiopia?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Ethiopia include traditional clothing, coffee beans, and handmade crafts such as baskets and pottery.
  • What is the time zone in Ethiopia?
    Ethiopia follows East Africa Time (EAT), which is UTC+03:00.
  • What is the voltage and plug type used in Ethiopia?
    The voltage used in Ethiopia is 220-240V, and the plug type is Type C (European) and Type E (French). It is recommended to bring a universal adapter when traveling to Ethiopia.
  • What are some important historical sites in Ethiopia?
    Some important historical sites in Ethiopia include the ancient city of Axum, the ruins of the city of Aksum, and the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela.
  • What are some popular fruits in Ethiopia?
    Some popular fruits in Ethiopia include mangoes, papayas, avocados, bananas, and oranges.
  • What are some common forms of greeting in Ethiopia?
    Some common forms of greeting in Ethiopia include saying "hello" or "salam" (peace) and shaking hands. It is also customary to bow slightly when greeting elders.
  • What is the most widely spoken language in Ethiopia?
    The most widely spoken language in Ethiopia is Amharic, which is also the official language of the country.
  • What are some common Ethiopian customs and traditions?
    Some common Ethiopian customs and traditions include the importance of family and community, respect for elders, and the traditional coffee ceremony.
  • What are some popular Ethiopian drinks?
    Some popular Ethiopian drinks include coffee (buna), tej (honey wine), and tella (traditional beer).
  • What is the dress code in Ethiopia?
    The dress code in Ethiopia is generally conservative, with women wearing long skirts or dresses and men wearing long pants and shirts. It is also customary to cover your head when entering a church or mosque.
  • What is the main export of Ethiopia?
    The main export of Ethiopia is coffee, with the country being one of the top coffee producers in the world.
  • What are some traditional instruments used in Ethiopian music?
    Some traditional instruments used in Ethiopian music include the masinko (one-stringed fiddle), krar (lyre), and washint (flute).
  • What is the legal drinking age in Ethiopia?
    The legal drinking age in Ethiopia is 18 years old.
  • What are some common forms of transportation within cities in Ethiopia?
    Some common forms of transportation within cities in Ethiopia include taxis, minibuses, and rickshaws (known as "bajaj").
  • What is the main source of income for Ethiopians?
    The main source of income for Ethiopians is agriculture, with over 80% of the population working in this sector.
  • What is the education system like in Ethiopia?
    The education system in Ethiopia follows a 6-4-2 structure, with 6 years of primary education, 4 years of secondary education, and 2 years of higher education.
  • What are some traditional games played in Ethiopia?
    Some traditional games played in Ethiopia include genna (similar to hockey), wusha (similar to chess), and gugssa (similar to mancala).
  • What is the current political situation in Ethiopia?
    As of 2021, there have been ongoing conflicts and tensions in Ethiopia. It is recommended to check the current political situation before traveling to the country.
  • What is the emergency number in Ethiopia?
    The emergency number in Ethiopia is 911 for police, fire, and medical emergencies.
  • What are some common health concerns for travelers to Ethiopia?
    Some common health concerns for travelers to Ethiopia include malaria, typhoid, and diarrhea. It is recommended to consult with a doctor before traveling and to take necessary precautions.
  • What is the dress code for visiting churches in Ethiopia?
    When visiting churches in Ethiopia, it is important to dress modestly and cover your head. Women should wear long skirts or dresses, and men should wear long pants and shirts. It is also customary to remove your shoes before entering a church.
  • What are some popular dishes for vegetarians/vegans in Ethiopian cuisine?
    Some popular dishes for vegetarians/vegans in Ethiopian cuisine include shiro wat (spicy chickpea stew), atakilt wat (spiced cabbage and carrots), and gomen (collard greens).
  • What is the traditional coffee ceremony in Ethiopia?
    The traditional coffee ceremony in Ethiopia is a social event that involves roasting, grinding, and brewing coffee beans, and serving it with popcorn or snacks. It is a symbol of hospitality and friendship.
  • What are some popular spices used in Ethiopian cuisine?
    Some popular spices used in Ethiopian cuisine include berbere (a spice blend made with chili peppers, garlic, ginger, and more), mitmita (a spicy blend of chili peppers, cardamom, and other spices), and niter kibbeh (spiced clarified butter).

A Closer Look at Ethiopia

Ethiopia Flag


Ethiopia Formation Date

May 5, 1991

Ethiopia Capital Name

Addis Ababa

Ethiopia Neighbours

  1. Djibouti Djibouti
  2. Eritrea Eritrea
  3. Kenya Kenya
  4. Somalia Somalia
  5. Sudan Sudan

Exploring Ethiopia

Origin of Ethiopia

The Ethiopian region has been populated since at least the 4th millennium BCE and has a long and diverse cultural history. Its various cultures have interacted with those of the Nile Valley and East Africa, with the Axumites from northern Ethiopia dominating Eritrea and parts of Yemen for centuries. Its peoples are believed to be among the earliest responsible for the domestication of animals and the cultivation of grains, such as millet and sorghum. The Horn of Africa region is generally accepted as the birthplace of modern humans who are believed to have left Ethiopia between 400 and 50,000 years ago in search of greener pastures. Roman and Greek authors during the first and second centuries CE referred to the region as “Ethiopia”. The kingdom of Aksum emerged by the first century CE and was the first major power in the area after Alexander the Great left. Arelst religious figure who brought Christianity to the region was Frumentius, a Roman slave who was sent to Axum in 328 CE by the king of the Kushite Kingdom of Meroe. Christianity emerged as the dominant culture and the language of the royal court was Ge’ez, the basis of the languages spoken in Ethiopia and Eritrea today.


Ethiopia’s culture is highly influenced by its many groups as it boasts over 80 different ethnic groups and more than 200 different languages spoken. This means that a variety of cultures exist within the country, from the Muslim and Christian beliefs of the Amhara and Tigrigna to the animist Bantu beliefs of the Oromo. Traditional clothing is a key part of Ethiopian culture, with bright colours representing different regions and religions. Shield-dancing is the national dance, with drums and elaborate clothing to dazzle the crowds. Traditional music incorporates a range of instruments including the Masenqo, Harp, and Wassi. Food is also a vitally important aspect of Ethiopian culture. Injera is a spongy bread made of Teff and is eaten with a wide variety of spicy sauces and stews known as Wats. Coffee is a central part of the culture, first brought to the country by the missionaries in the 16th century.


Football, athletics, cyclo-cross, tennis and basketball are the most popular sports in Ethiopia. Football in Ethiopia is particularly popular and widely played. One of the most renowned footballers to have come from Ethiopia is Salhadin Said, who currently plays for Thury-Acharnais in the French Ligue 2. International competition in athletics and cross-country running has brought Ethiopia great success. Its athletes have had notable success in international competitions such as the Olympics, World Championships and African Championships. The country has produced world-renowned runners such as Haile Gebrselassie, a two-time Olympic gold medalist and world-record holder.


The majority of people in Ethiopia (62.8%) follow the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, a branch of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, which dates back to the 5th century CE. Other major religions in the country include Sunni Islam (33.9%) and Protestantism (2.6%). There is also a small population of Catholics, Bahá’í and animist followers.


Amharic and Tigrinya are the two official languages of Ethiopia. Amharic is spoken by the majority of the population, while the Tigrinya language is spoken by the Tigrayan people in the north of the country. Other indigenous languages spoken include Oromo, Sidamo, Gurage, Hadiyya, Somali and Afar. English is the primary language of instruction in universities, secondary schools, and some primary schools. In addition, many major regional languages are taught in primary and lower secondary grades.


Education in Ethiopia is provided by both the state and private institutions. The majority of children attend elementary school from ages 5 to 14 and are expected to finish primary school before the age of 12. Primary schools typically offer a six-year basic education, beginning in the 4th grade and culminating in the 9th grade, with an additional three years of secondary school. In 2018, the government announced the introduction of free secondary education for all students. This includes free textbooks and uniforms for kids enrolling in secondary schools. The majority of degree programs are four-year programs, offered in universities and other higher education institutes such as teacher training colleges and polytechnic colleges. The University of Addis Ababa is the oldest university in Ethiopia.


As of 2020, Ethiopia has a population of over 114 million people, making it the 15th most populous country in the world. The nation has one of the highest population growth rates in the world, with an annual growth rate of 2.6%. The median age of the population is 17.7 years, making it one of the youngest populations in the world. The nation’s capital, Addis Ababa, has the largest population with a population of over 3.6 million people. One major language group in Ethiopia is the Oromo, which accounts for 34.4% of the population, followed by the Amhara (30.6%) and Tigray (6.05%).


Ethiopia is a major producer of commodities such as coffee, oilseeds, pulses, and khat. Agriculture accounts for about half of the GDP and is the largest component of exports. Other major industries in Ethiopia include textiles and manufacturing. Trade is an important part of the Ethiopian economy and the Ethiopian government has sought to liberalise the economy through reforms such as the introduction of free-trade zones and the privatisation of state-owned enterprises. In 2019, exports were estimated to be worth $7.4 billion and imports $11.6 billion. The main export partners are Saudi Arabia, India, and China.


Most of Ethiopia experiences a subtropical climate. In Addis Ababa, the average temperature is 19 degrees Celsius with the majority of the precipitation occurring in the summer months. The country experiences heavy rain in October and November due to the combined effects of the Indian and African monsoons. This rainy season is also accompanied by cooler temperatures, making it the best time of year to visit the country.


Ethiopia is bordered to the North by Eritrea and Sudan, to the South by Kenya and Somalia, to the East by Djibouti and Somalia, and to the West by South Sudan and Sudan. This landlocked country covers 1,100,000 sq km making it the 27th largest country in the world.

Ethiopia Highest Point Name

The highest point in Ethiopia is Mount Ras Dejen, located in the Simien Mountains National Park. The mountain reaches an elevation of 4,550 meters (14,928 feet) above sea level.

Ethiopia Capital Longitude

The capital city of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa, and its longitude is 38.7469° N

Ethiopia Capital Latitude

The capital city of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa, and its latitude is 9.0333° N

Ethiopia Official Languages

The official languages of Ethiopia are Amharic, Oromo, Tigrinya, and Somali. Additional languages may also be officially acknowledged.

Ethiopia Ethnic Groups

Ethiopia is a multi-ethnic nation with at least 80 distinct ethnic groups among its 99.4 million people. This includes the Oromo, the Amhara, the Somali, the Tigray, the Gurage, the Afar and the Sidama which together make up approximately 84 percent of the population. The remaining 16 percent is composed of more than 80 minority ethnic groups, including the Argobba, the Hadiya, the Konso, the Wolaitta, the Silt’e, the Gamo, the Keffa, the Dawro, the Gedeo, the Bambassi and the Bilen. Consequently, Ethiopia is one of the most culturally rich and diverse countries in Africa, with each ethnic group of the country possessing its own language, religion, culture, customs, and way of life.

Ethiopia Religions

In Ethiopia, the predominant religion is Christianity, particularly Ethiopian Orthodoxy, which accounts for approximately 62% of the population.Islam is also practiced and is the predominant religion among the sizable Oromo and Somali communities, accounting for 35% of the population. Traditional religions exist within smaller communities, including the animism of the Afro-Asiatic-speaking people living in the southwest highlands. About 1% of the population practices Judaism. There is a very small Baháʼí community in Ethiopia, which was introduced in 1952, and a few thousand adherents to Islam's Ahmadiyya movement arrived from Pakistan in the 1930s.

Ethiopia Total Area

:1, 104,300 square kilometers (424,345 square miles)

Ethiopia Land Area

The total land area of Ethiopia is 1,104,300 square kilometers (426,372 square miles).

Ethiopia Water Area

Ethiopia has an estimated water area of 13,700 square kilometers (5,300 square miles). Ethiopia's water area is largely comprised of reservoirs, dams, and Lakes, including the Great Rift Valley Lakes of Abaya, Chamo, and Hayq. The capital Addis Ababa is located at the center of the Great Rift Valley Lakes.

Ethiopia Total Population

As of 2019, Ethiopia's total population was estimated to be approximately 115 million people.

Ethiopia Currency Name

The currency of Ethiopia is the Ethiopian birr (ETB).

Ethiopia Currency Code

The currency code for Ethiopia is ETB.

Ethiopia Currency Symbol


Ethiopia Time Zones

  • UTC+03:00

Ethiopia is on East Africa Time (EAT) and is five hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC/GMT +3). There is no daylight saving time observed in Ethiopia.

Ethiopia Calling Code


Ethiopia Internet TLD

How to Say "Ethiopia" In Different Languages?

Етиопия (bg-BG)
埃塞俄比亚 (zh-CN)
Etiopija (hr-HR)
مصروفيا (ar-EG)
Äthiopien (de-DE)
Αιθιοπία (el-GR)
इथियोपिया (hi-IN)
Ethiopia (id-ID)
エチオピア (ja-JP)
에티오피아 (ko-KR)
Etiopija (lv-LV)
Ethiopien (lb-LU)
Ethiopië (nl-NL)
Etiópia (pt-PT)
Эфиопия (ru-RU)
Etiopía (es-ES)
เอธิโอเปีย (th-TH)
Etiyopya (tr-TR)
Ефіопія (uk-UA)
Ɛtiopiayê (vi-VN)

Ethiopia Popular Holidays

Eid al-Fitr
1 Shawwal (4 Shawwal)
New Years Day
1 January
Gregorian New Year
1 January
Epiphany Day
6 January
Genna (Feast of Shepherds)
7 January
14 January (16 January)
19 January (21 January)
19 January
Timkat (Feast of Epiphany)
19 January
Yakatit (Feast of the Redemption)
13 February
Tikimt (Feast of the Presentation of Jesus)
15 February
The Day of Mourning
18 February
Victory of Adwa
2 March
Negarit (Feast of Patriots)
7 March
Feast of the Annunciation
25 March
Ethiopian Victory Day
2 April
Good Friday
3 April
Raserametta (Festival of the Resurrection)
4 April
Himamat (Feast of Dedication)
4 April
Patriots' Victory Day
5 April
Gurar adno (Feast of the Year)
8 April
Mathet (Feast of Redemption)
11 April
Easter Monday
12 April
Timkat of Josama (Feast of Temptation)
19 April (21 April)
Gesthemene (Feast of Success)
26 April
Labour Day
1 May
St. George's feast day
6 May
Hasab (Feast of Judgment)
21 May
African Unity Day
25 May
Ginbot (Victory Day)
27 May
Revolution Day
28 May
Lenta Bair Etchefola (Circumcision)
31 May
Martyrs Day
20 June
St. Mary's feast day
27 June
Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul
29 June
Implementation of the Ethiopian Constitution Day
1 July
Eid al-Adha
30 July (3 August)
Taste of Endibir
1 August
Tekletsion (Feast of Transfiguration)
4 August
Lidet (Feast of Nativity)
6 August
Hidar Tsion Mariam (Feast of Mary)
6 August
Eve of the Assumption
14 August
Marqubor (Feast of Angels)
15 August
Feast of the Virgin Mary
15 August
Coptic New Year
11 September
Amharic New Year
11 September
Enkutatash (New Year's Day)
11 September
Masqal (Feast of the Cross)
14 September
Meskel (Feast of the Finding of the True Cross)
27 September
Feast of the Cross
27 September
27 September (28 September)
Demera (Festival of Lights)
27 September
Mikaelmas (Feast of St. Michael)
29 September
Irreecha (Feast of Thanks)
2 October
Flag Day
6 October
Tanik Day (Feast of Orphans)
6 October
Sibket (Feast of Assembly)
6 October
Remembrance Day
9 October
Arbaeen (Guest Welcoming Festival)
26 October
Mahlet (Feast of Mercy)
12 November
St. Gabriel's feast day
29 November
Mother's Day
2 December
Tahisas (Feast of the Immaculate Conception)
8 December
Christmas Eve
24 December
Genna (Feast of Lights)
25 December
25 December (31 December)
Christmas Day
25 December

We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Ethiopia

National and Public Holidays in Ethiopia next days/week/month/year

Derg Downfall Day

Derg Downfall Day is an annual holiday in Ethiopia celebrated on 28th May to remember and honor the overthrow of the Marxist military dictatorship known as the Derg. This event is remembered with vigils, music, speeches, and colorful festivities that commemorate this significant moment in the country’s history and celebrate its newfound freedom.

International Day of the World’s Indigenous People

The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People is a United Nations sanctioned holiday celebrated annually on August 9. It marks the day the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted in 2007, recognizing the rights of tribal and clan societies worldwide. The day is used to celebrate the survival and cultural rich heritage of the world’s Indigenous People. Events, speeches, and educational activities are held worldwide.

Slavery Remembrance Day

Slavery Remembrance Day is an annual holiday commemorating the history of the African diaspora. It honors the struggles of those taken from Africa against the horrors of the transatlantic slave trade, as well as those who fought for equality and freedom. It is celebrated on the last Sunday of August and on August 1 in some countries.

Ethiopian New Year in Ethiopia

Greetings! It is a pleasure to be here for the celebration of Ethiopian New Year in Ethiopia. Ethiopian New Year, celebrated every year on September 11, is the beginning of the year in the Ethiopian calendar. This holiday marks the end of the rainy season and the start of the spring.

The Prophet’s Birthday in Ethiopia

The Prophet’s Birthday is celebrated in Ethiopia every year with great joy and reverence. This is a holding a special place in the traditions of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church as it marks the celebration of Eid al-Mawlid, which is the anniversary of the birth of Prophet Mohammed. This holiday is a time for joy among the faithful, as they come together in gratitude for the gifts and teachings of the Prophet.

Meskel in Ethiopia

Meskel is a national festival in Ethiopia, celebrated every year on September 27th to mark the finding of the True Cross by Queen Helena in the 4th century. The festivities include vibrant processions, colorful parades, and traditional bonfires, making it the perfect opportunity to experience the rich cultural heritage of this beautiful country. Don't miss out on this one-of-a-kind experience!


Michaelmas is an annual holiday observed on September 29. It is a Christian feast day honoring the Archangel Michael, celebrated since at least the 5th century. This observance honours the heavenly being believed to help protect the Church and God's people. Besides this spiritual significance, it is also celebrated with feasting and merriment. Folk customs include Morris dancing, parties, and the baking of particular delicacies.

New Year’s Day

New Year's Day is celebrated on January 1 and marks the beginning of a new calendar year. It is a public holiday in many countries, including Canada, Australia, and the United States. Traditions include fireworks, parade, and special meals, along with family gatherings and often resolutions for a fresh start. People observe the holiday by counting down the seconds to midnight, watching the ball drop in Times Square, and celebrating with friends and family. To many, the holiday symbolizes a time of renewal, reflection, and hope for the future.

Christmas – Christian Orthodox 2024

Christmas is the Christian celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ and is celebrated on December 25th. It is a traditional holiday that includes religious observances, family gatherings, festivities, and gift-giving. The day marks the beginning of the 12 Days of Christmas and is celebrated by many people around the world regardless of their religious beliefs. While Christian traditions are often associated with the holiday, its joy is felt by many as a time of kindness and giving.

Ethiopian Christmas Day in Ethiopia

As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I am thrilled to experience the vibrant and unique celebration of Ethiopian Christmas Day, a national holiday also known as Gena. This joyous festival, observed on January 7th, is filled with colorful processions, traditional feasts, and spiritual ceremonies, making it a must-see for any traveler seeking an authentic cultural experience in Ethiopia.

Upcoming Festivals in Ethiopia

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Leap Day in United States of America

Celebrate the extra day of the year in style with Leap Day in the United States of America! This unique observance allows for an additional 24 hours of exploration, making it the perfect time to discover hidden gems and indulge in local traditions. Don't miss out on this special national holiday.

Independence Day in Bangladesh

Independence Day is a government holiday in Bangladesh

Easter Sunday in Switzerland

"Easter Sunday in Switzerland is a delightful blend of festive traditions and stunning alpine scenery. From charming processions and colorful markets, to indulging in delicious chocolate eggs and hiking in the Swiss Alps, this national observance holiday offers a unique cultural experience that will leave visitors in awe."

Easter Sunday in Ecuador

Observance: Experience the vibrant culture and rich traditions of Ecuador on Easter Sunday. Join in the colorful processions and witness the unique blend of Catholic and indigenous beliefs. Explore the beautiful landscapes and indulge in traditional delicacies. A truly enchanting holiday for every traveler.

Easter Sunday in Luxembourg

"Easter Sunday in Luxembourg, a national holiday filled with vibrant traditions and lively celebrations. From the colorful Easter markets to the famous egg hunts, this festive occasion brings the whole community together in a spirit of joy and renewal. A must-visit for anyone looking to immerse themselves in Luxembourg's rich culture and traditions."

Easter Sunday in Slovakia

"Easter Sunday in Slovakia is a beautiful celebration of both religious and cultural traditions. The country comes alive with colorful processions, traditional folk music, and delectable Easter dishes. From the stunning architecture of Bratislava to the quaint villages in the countryside, this observance is a must-see for any traveler seeking an authentic cultural experience." (50 words)

Easter Sunday in Uruguay

"Easter Sunday in Uruguay is a vibrant celebration of faith and culture. From the bustling streets of Montevideo to the tranquil beach towns, the nation comes alive with processions, colorful decorations, and traditional food. Immerse yourself in the local customs and take part in this national holiday that embodies the spirit of Uruguay." (observance)

Easter Sunday in Estonia

Easter Sunday in Estonia is a festive national holiday filled with colorful traditions and local cuisine. From egg painting and traditional church services to indulging in delicious Easter bread and smoked ham, this observance is a must-visit to experience the authentic culture of Estonia.

Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau

"Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau is a vibrant celebration filled with colorful processions, traditional music, and joyful feasts. As a national holiday, it is deeply rooted in the country's rich cultural heritage and serves as a time for families and communities to come together in unity and celebration."

Easter Sunday in Sweden

"Easter Sunday in Sweden is a vibrant celebration of spring's arrival, filled with colorful traditions and mouth-watering feasts. As a national holiday, families gather to decorate eggs, indulge in delicious sweets, and revel in the joyous atmosphere of rebirth and renewal. A must-visit for those seeking a cultural and culinary immersion in Sweden."

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