Sudan

South Sudan is an East-Central African nation which gained its independence from Sudan in 2011. It is bordered by Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, and Republic of the Sudan. It is a landlocked country with an economy mainly focused on agriculture. The official language is English, though many African tribes still speak their traditional languages. South Sudan remains a fragile state due to civil war, poverty, severe lack of basic services, and frequent droughts.

Tourism in Sudan: A Festive Season Guide

Sudan, the largest country in Africa, is a land of diverse landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture. The country is a popular tourist destination, especially during the festive season when the streets come alive with colorful celebrations and traditional festivities. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I invite you to join me on a journey through Sudan’s tourism scene during this joyous time.

Introducing the Festive Spirit

The festive season in Sudan is a time of communal joy and celebration. It is a time when people come together to honor their traditions, share their culture, and welcome visitors with open arms. The streets are adorned with lights and decorations, and the air is filled with the sound of music and laughter. From bustling cities to remote villages, the festive spirit can be felt throughout the country.

Unique Tourist Attractions

Sudan has a wealth of unique tourist attractions that are particularly popular during the festive season. One of the most iconic sites is the ancient city of Meroe, home to over 200 pyramids dating back to the Kingdom of Kush. The city comes alive during the festive season with traditional performances and cultural displays.

Another must-visit destination is the Nubian village of Dongola, where visitors can experience traditional Nubian life and customs. The village hosts a variety of festivals during the festive season, including the colorful Holi Festival.

General Overview

Apart from its historical sites, Sudan also boasts stunning natural landscapes, such as the Red Sea coast and the Nuba Mountains. The country is also home to diverse wildlife, making it a perfect destination for eco-tourism and outdoor adventures.

Important Places

Some key tourist destinations in Sudan include:

  • Meroe
  • Dongola
  • Red Sea coast
  • Nuba Mountains
  • Khartoum

Activities

There are plenty of activities for tourists to indulge in during the festive season in Sudan. From exploring ancient ruins to hiking through scenic landscapes, there is something for everyone. Some popular activities include:

  • Visiting historical sites and museums
  • Participating in traditional festivals and events
  • Scuba diving and snorkeling in the Red Sea
  • Trekking and camping in the Nuba Mountains
  • Shopping for traditional handicrafts and souvenirs

Infrastructure and Transportation

Sudan has a well-developed infrastructure, with a network of roads connecting major cities and towns. Public transportation options include buses, taxis, and trains. During the festive season, there may be an increase in traffic and delays, so it is advisable to plan your travels accordingly.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

Foreign visitors to Sudan are required to obtain a visa before entering the country. The visa application process can be done online or at the nearest Sudanese embassy or consulate. It is recommended to apply for a visa well in advance to avoid any delays.

Health and Safety

It is important to take necessary health precautions when traveling to Sudan. It is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional before your trip and get all necessary vaccinations. It is also advisable to drink only bottled water and avoid street food.

As with any travel destination, it is essential to be aware of your surroundings and take necessary safety precautions. Avoid traveling alone at night and be cautious of pickpockets in crowded areas.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Sudanese culture is deeply rooted in tradition and customs, and it is important to respect these when visiting the country. It is customary to greet people with a handshake, and it is considered impolite to refuse food or drink when offered. It is also important to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Sudan is the Sudanese pound (SDG). Credit cards are not widely accepted, so it is advisable to carry cash when traveling. It is also recommended to exchange currency at official exchange offices rather than on the street.

Festive Activities

The festive season in Sudan offers a unique opportunity for tourists to immerse themselves in the country’s traditions and culture. Some distinctive activities and experiences include:

  • Attending traditional festivals and events
  • Participating in cultural performances and dances
  • Sampling traditional Sudanese cuisine
  • Decorating henna designs on hands
  • Joining in on traditional games and sports

These activities are deeply rooted in Sudanese traditions and offer a glimpse into the country’s rich cultural heritage.

Infrastructure & Transit

During the festive season, there may be a surge in travelers, which can impact the efficiency of public transportation systems. It is advisable to plan your travels in advance and book tickets early to avoid any inconvenience. Taxis are also a popular mode of transportation, but it is recommended to negotiate the fare before getting into the taxi.

Accommodation Options

Sudan offers a range of accommodation options, from luxury hotels to budget-friendly guesthouses. During the festive season, it is advisable to book your accommodation in advance as popular destinations may get fully booked. Some advantages of different accommodations include:

  • Luxury hotels offer top-notch amenities and services
  • Guesthouses provide a more authentic cultural experience
  • Homestays allow visitors to stay with a local family and learn about their customs and traditions

Shopping and Souvenirs

Sudan has a rich tradition of handicrafts, and the country is known for its unique and colorful products. Some key shopping districts and markets for country purchases include:

  • Omdurman Souq in Khartoum
  • Khartoum Souq in Khartoum
  • Nile Street Market in Khartoum
  • Nuba Mountains Market in Kordofan

When shopping for souvenirs, it is recommended to look for items that embody Sudanese culture, such as handwoven textiles, pottery, and traditional jewelry.

Technology and Connectivity

Staying connected in Sudan is relatively easy, with access to internet cafes and Wi-Fi hotspots in major cities. It is also recommended to purchase a local SIM card for data and communication purposes. Some useful apps for navigation, language translation, and event bookings include:

  • Google Maps
  • Google Translate
  • TripAdvisor
  • Sudan Events App

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Sudan offers a variety of eco-friendly travel options and outdoor activities, promoting responsible tourism practices in line with environmental sustainability. Some popular activities include:

  • Visiting national parks and wildlife reserves
  • Hiking and camping in the Nuba Mountains
  • Exploring ancient ruins and historical sites
  • Snorkeling and scuba diving in the Red Sea

Local Festivals and Events

Apart from the major festivals and events, there are also smaller local celebrations taking place around the country during the festive season. These events offer a more intimate experience and a chance to interact with the locals. Some popular local festivals and events include:

  • The Holi Festival in Dongola
  • The Nuba Wrestling Festival in Kordofan
  • The Sufi Music Festival in Omdurman

Practical Advice and Tips

To make the most of your trip to Sudan during the festive season, here are some practical advice and tips:

  • Plan your travels in advance, especially during peak season
  • Carry cash as credit cards are not widely accepted
  • Respect local customs and traditions
  • Dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites
  • Stay aware of your surroundings and take necessary safety precautions
  • Try traditional Sudanese cuisine and participate in cultural activities

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

For a hassle-free experience, here is a comprehensive tourist guide to Sudan during the festive season:

Schedule for Country Events

The festive season in Sudan usually starts in December and goes on until January. Some major events and festivals during this time include:

  • The Holi Festival in Dongola (December)
  • The Sufi Music Festival in Omdurman (December)
  • The Nuba Wrestling Festival in Kordofan (January)

Optimal Period for Visiting

The best time to visit Sudan is during the dry season, from November to March. The weather is pleasant, and there are fewer chances of rain, making it easier to explore the country.

Not-to-be-Missed Country Events and Activities

Some must-see events and activities during the festive season in Sudan include:

  • Attending the Holi Festival in Dongola
  • Visiting the ancient city of Meroe
  • Exploring the Nuba Mountains
  • Participating in traditional dances and performances

Suitable Attire for Country Climate and Festive Occasions

Sudan has a hot and dry climate, so it is advisable to pack light and breathable clothing. However, when visiting religious sites or attending traditional events, it is important to dress modestly. It is also recommended to bring a hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen to protect against the sun.

Dos and Don’ts

To show respect for local customs and practices, here are some dos and don’ts to keep in mind when visiting Sudan:

  • Do greet people with a handshake
  • Don’t refuse food or drink when offered
  • Do dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites
  • Don’t take photos without permission
  • Do respect local customs and traditions

Language Assistance

While Arabic is the official language in Sudan, English is widely spoken in major cities and tourist areas. However, learning a few common phrases in Arabic can help you interact with the locals and make your trip more enjoyable.

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergencies, here are some vital contact numbers to keep on hand:

  • Police: 999
  • Ambulance: 777
  • Fire Department: 998

Conclusion

Sudan offers a unique and unforgettable experience for tourists during the festive season. From historical sites to cultural festivals, there is something for everyone to enjoy. With this comprehensive guide, you can make the most of your trip to Sudan and create lasting memories. So pack your bags and get ready to immerse yourself in the festive spirit of this beautiful country

Sudan: A Country of Rich Culture and Complex Statistics

Sudan, officially known as the Republic of Sudan, is a country located in Northeast Africa. It is the third-largest country in Africa, covering an area of 1.86 million square kilometers. Sudan has a diverse population of over 45 million people, with a majority being Sunni Muslims. The country has a rich history and culture, but it also faces various challenges, including economic struggles and political instability. In this article, we will explore the statistics and data surrounding Sudan to gain a better understanding of this complex country.

Economy

Sudan’s economy heavily relies on agriculture, which accounts for about one-third of its GDP. The main crops grown in Sudan include cotton, peanuts, sorghum, and sesame. The country is also rich in natural resources such as gold, iron ore, and oil. However, due to conflicts and sanctions imposed by the United States, Sudan’s economy has suffered significant setbacks.

According to the World Bank, Sudan’s GDP in 2020 was $35.9 billion, with a growth rate of -2.5%. The country’s inflation rate was at a staggering 269.7%, making it one of the highest in the world. The unemployment rate in Sudan was estimated to be around 22% in 2020, with youth unemployment being a major concern at 28%. These economic struggles have led to widespread poverty in the country, with over 40% of the population living below the poverty line.

Education

Education is crucial for the development of any country, and Sudan has made significant strides in this area over the years. According to UNICEF, primary school enrollment rates have increased from 47% in 2000 to 76% in 2018. However, there is still a significant gender gap in education, with only 67% of girls enrolled in primary school compared to 84% of boys.

The literacy rate in Sudan is estimated to be around 75%, with males having a higher literacy rate than females. The country has a total of 31 universities, with the University of Khartoum being the oldest and most prestigious. However, due to economic struggles and political instability, access to quality education remains a challenge for many Sudanese.

Healthcare

Sudan’s healthcare system has faced numerous challenges, including a shortage of medical personnel and facilities. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are only 8 physicians per 100,000 people in Sudan, well below the global average of 15. This shortage has led to limited access to healthcare services, especially in rural areas.

The life expectancy in Sudan is estimated to be around 65 years, with the leading causes of death being communicable diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis, and respiratory infections. Maternal mortality rates are also high, with 295 deaths per 100,000 live births. However, efforts are being made to improve healthcare in Sudan, with the government investing in infrastructure and training more medical personnel.

Human Rights

Sudan has faced significant human rights issues over the years, including ethnic conflicts and violations of civil liberties. The country has been under military rule for most of its history, with numerous coups and civil wars. In recent years, there have been efforts towards democratization and peace-building, but human rights violations still occur.

According to Human Rights Watch, Sudan’s government has restricted freedom of expression and assembly, targeted activists and journalists, and committed human rights abuses against civilians in conflict-affected areas. The country also faces challenges with child marriage and female genital mutilation (FGM), with an estimated 34% of girls being married before the age of 18 and 87% of women aged 15-49 having undergone FGM.

Conclusion

Sudan is a country with a complex history and diverse population. Despite its challenges, there have been efforts towards development and progress in various areas. However, much work still needs to be done to improve the economy, education, healthcare, and human rights in Sudan. With continued efforts and support from the international community, Sudan has the potential to overcome its struggles and become a prosperous nation for its people

  • What is the capital of Sudan?
    The capital of Sudan is Khartoum.
  • What is the official language of Sudan?
    The official language of Sudan is Arabic.
  • What is the currency used in Sudan?
    The currency used in Sudan is the Sudanese pound (SDG).
  • What is the population of Sudan?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Sudan is over 45 million people.
  • What are the major religions in Sudan?
    The major religions in Sudan are Islam and Christianity.
  • What is the climate like in Sudan?
    Sudan has a hot desert climate with very little rainfall throughout the year.
  • What is the traditional food in Sudan?
    The traditional food in Sudan includes dishes such as ful medames (fava beans), kisra (sourdough flatbread), and shaiyah (lamb stew).
  • What are some popular dishes in Sudan?
    Some popular dishes in Sudan include kofta (spiced meatballs), mullah (okra stew), and asida (porridge made from sorghum or millet).
  • What is a popular dessert in Sudan?
    A popular dessert in Sudan is basbousa, a sweet cake made from semolina and soaked in syrup.
  • What are some common spices used in Sudanese cuisine?
    Common spices used in Sudanese cuisine include cumin, coriander, ginger, and garlic.
  • What type of music is popular in Sudan?
    Traditional music, such as tambour and darbuka drumming, is popular in Sudan. Modern music genres like hip hop and reggae are also gaining popularity.
  • What is the most famous Sudanese song?
    The most famous Sudanese song is "Tamam" by Mohamed Wardi, a popular singer and musician in Sudan.
  • What are some traditional dances in Sudan?
    Some traditional dances in Sudan include the dabke, a line dance performed at weddings and celebrations, and the zar, a ritual dance performed to drive away evil spirits.
  • What are some popular tourist destinations in Sudan?
    Popular tourist destinations in Sudan include the ancient pyramids of Meroe, the Nuba Mountains for hiking and trekking, and the Red Sea coast for diving and beach activities.
  • What is the best time to visit Sudan?
    The best time to visit Sudan is during the dry season from November to April when temperatures are cooler and there is less chance of rain.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Sudan?
    Yes, visitors to Sudan will need a visa. It is recommended to obtain one before arrival as visas on arrival may not always be available.
  • Is it safe to travel to Sudan?
    Sudan has been experiencing political instability and conflict in certain areas. It is important to check for any travel advisories before planning a trip to Sudan.
  • What are some cultural norms and customs in Sudan?
    In Sudan, it is customary to greet people with a handshake and use your right hand for eating and passing items. It is also important to dress modestly and respect Islamic traditions.
  • What is the traditional dress in Sudan?
    The traditional dress for men in Sudan is a white jalabiya (long tunic) and a turban. Women often wear colorful tobs (long dresses) and headscarves.
  • What are some important festivals and holidays in Sudan?
    Some important festivals and holidays in Sudan include Eid al-Fitr, the end of Ramadan; Eid al-Adha, the feast of sacrifice; and Independence Day on January 1st.
  • What are some common gestures that may be considered rude in Sudan?
    Pointing with your finger, showing the soles of your feet, and using your left hand for eating or passing items are considered rude in Sudanese culture.
  • What is the national sport of Sudan?
    The national sport of Sudan is football (soccer).
  • What is the traditional art form in Sudan?
    Basket weaving is a traditional art form in Sudan, with intricately designed baskets used for storage and decoration.
  • What is the literacy rate in Sudan?
    As of 2021, the literacy rate in Sudan is estimated to be around 60%.
  • Is English widely spoken in Sudan?
    English is not widely spoken in Sudan, but it is the second official language and is commonly used in business and government settings.
  • What are some common modes of transportation in Sudan?
    Common modes of transportation in Sudan include buses, taxis, and trains. Domestic flights are also available for longer distances.
  • What is the voltage used in Sudan?
    The voltage used in Sudan is 230V, with a frequency of 50Hz. It is recommended to bring a universal adapter for electronic devices.
  • Are there any health risks to be aware of when traveling to Sudan?
    Malaria and other mosquito-borne diseases are a risk in certain areas of Sudan. It is recommended to take precautions and consult a doctor before traveling.
  • What is the emergency number in Sudan?
    The emergency number in Sudan is 999 for police, fire, and ambulance services.
  • What is the time zone in Sudan?
    Sudan is in the Eastern Africa Time Zone (EAT), which is UTC+03:00.
  • What are some traditional crafts in Sudan?
    Some traditional crafts in Sudan include pottery, leatherwork, and metalwork. Handmade jewelry and textiles are also popular souvenirs.
  • What are some must-try drinks in Sudan?
    Some must-try drinks in Sudan include karkade (hibiscus tea), aradaib (fermented sorghum drink), and shai (Sudanese tea with milk and sugar).
  • What is the legal drinking age in Sudan?
    The legal drinking age in Sudan is 18 years old.
  • Is it acceptable to tip in Sudan?
    Tipping is not expected in Sudan, but it is appreciated for exceptional service. A small amount, such as 5-10% of the bill, is sufficient.
  • What is the dress code for visiting mosques in Sudan?
    When visiting mosques in Sudan, it is important to dress modestly and cover your head if you are a woman. Shoes should also be removed before entering.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Sudan?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Sudan include handmade baskets, traditional clothing, spices, and coffee beans.
  • Are credit cards widely accepted in Sudan?
    Credit cards are not widely accepted in Sudan. It is recommended to carry cash in the local currency for most transactions.
  • What is the tipping etiquette at restaurants in Sudan?
    Tipping is not expected at restaurants in Sudan, but rounding up the bill or leaving a small amount as a tip is appreciated.
  • What is the official tourism website for Sudan?
    The official tourism website for Sudan is www.sudan.travel.

A Closer Look at Sudan

Sudan Flag

Sudan

Sudan Formation Date

July 9, 2011

Sudan Capital Name

Juba

Sudan Neighbours

  1. Central African Republic Central African Republic
  2. Ethiopia Ethiopia
  3. Kenya Kenya
  4. Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo
  5. Somalia Somalia
  6. Uganda Uganda

Exploring Sudan

Introduction

Sudan, located in Northeast Africa, is a country with a rich history and diverse culture. It is the third-largest country in Africa, covering an area of 1.88 million square kilometers. The country is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Ethiopia and Eritrea to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest. Sudan is a land of contrasts, with vast deserts in the north and fertile plains in the south. Its name is derived from "bilād as-sūdān," which means "land of the black people" in Arabic.

Key Takeaways

- Sudan is located in Northeast Africa and is the third-largest country on the continent. - The name Sudan means "land of the black people" in Arabic. - The country is known for its diverse geography, rich history, and vibrant culture.

Geography

Sudan's geography is characterized by its diverse physical features, including deserts, mountains, and rivers. The Sahara Desert covers most of the northern part of the country, while the Nile River runs through its central region. The country also has several mountain ranges, including the Red Sea Hills and the Nuba Mountains. Sudan's natural resources include oil, natural gas, gold, iron ore, and copper. The climate in Sudan varies from arid in the north to tropical in the south. The country experiences two distinct seasons: a dry season from October to May and a rainy season from June to September.

Origin and History

Sudan has a long and complex history that dates back to ancient civilizations. It was home to some of the earliest human civilizations, such as the Kingdom of Kush and the Meroë Empire. In the 7th century, Islam was introduced to Sudan, and the country became a center for trade and commerce. Sudan was colonized by the British in the 19th century and gained independence in 1956. However, political instability and civil wars have plagued the country for decades, leading to its division into two nations in 2011: Sudan and South Sudan.

Government and Politics

Sudan is a federal presidential republic with a multi-party system. The President is both the head of state and government, and the Prime Minister is appointed by the President. The country is divided into 18 states, each with its own governor. Sudan's foreign relations have been strained due to conflicts with neighboring countries and accusations of human rights violations. The country also faces challenges in managing its borders and dealing with issues such as terrorism and illegal immigration.

Commerce and Economy

Sudan's economy is largely dependent on agriculture, with cotton being the main export crop. The country also has significant oil reserves, making it one of Africa's largest oil producers. Other important sectors include mining, manufacturing, and services. Sudan's main trading partners are China, India, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt. The official currency of Sudan is the Sudanese pound (SDG).

Demographics

Sudan has a population of over 43 million people, with a diverse mix of ethnicities. The majority of the population is Arab, while other ethnic groups include Nubians, Beja, Fur, and Zaghawa. Arabic is the official language of Sudan, but there are over 70 other languages spoken in the country. The population is relatively young, with a median age of 19 years.

Culture

Sudan's culture is a blend of Arab, African, and Islamic influences. The country is known for its traditional music, dance, and art, which reflect its diverse heritage. The annual Festival of the Nile celebrates Sudan's cultural diversity and showcases traditional music, dance, and food. Other important cultural events include Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, and Mawlid al-Nabi, which are religious holidays celebrated by the majority Muslim population.

Languages and Religion

Arabic is the official language of Sudan, but there are also several regional dialects spoken throughout the country. These include Beja, Nubian, and Fur. Islam is the dominant religion in Sudan, with over 95% of the population identifying as Muslim. Christianity and traditional African religions are also practiced by small minority groups.

Education and Healthcare Systems

Sudan's education system is free and compulsory for children aged 6 to 13 years. However, access to education is limited in some areas due to poverty and conflicts. The country has several universities and colleges, with the University of Khartoum being the oldest and most prestigious. Sudan's healthcare system is underdeveloped, with limited resources and a shortage of medical professionals. The government has made efforts to improve healthcare services, but challenges such as poverty and lack of infrastructure remain.

Sports and Recreation

Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Sudan, with the national team having won the Africa Cup of Nations in 1970. Other popular sports include basketball, volleyball, and wrestling. Sudan has also produced several world-renowned athletes in track and field events. In terms of recreation, the country offers opportunities for outdoor activities such as camping, hiking, and wildlife safaris.

Tourism

Sudan has a wealth of tourist attractions that showcase its natural beauty and rich history. Some popular destinations include the ancient pyramids of Meroë, the Nuba Mountains, and the Red Sea coast. The country also has several national parks and reserves, such as Dinder National Park and Radom National Park, which offer opportunities for wildlife viewing. Sudan's tourism industry is still developing, but the government has made efforts to improve infrastructure and promote the country as a tourist destination.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Foreign visitors to Sudan are required to have a valid passport and visa. Visas can be obtained from Sudanese embassies or upon arrival at Khartoum International Airport. It is recommended to check the latest travel advisories before planning a trip to Sudan due to ongoing conflicts in some areas. The official currency is the Sudanese pound, but US dollars and euros are also widely accepted. Credit cards are not widely accepted, so it is advisable to carry cash. English is spoken in major cities, but it is helpful to learn some basic Arabic phrases for traveling in more remote areas.

Quotes

- "Sudan is not a country we know much about." - Samantha Power - "The world must act to save lives in Darfur, Sudan." - George Clooney - "Sudan has a rich cultural heritage that reflects its diverse history." - Omar al-Bashir

Conclusion

Sudan is a country with a complex history and diverse culture. Its natural beauty, ancient civilizations, and vibrant traditions make it a unique destination for travelers. Despite its challenges, Sudan has made progress in developing its economy and promoting tourism. With continued efforts towards peace and stability, Sudan has the potential to become a top tourist destination in Africa.

Sudan Highest Point Name

The highest point in South Sudan is Kinyeti, located in the Western part of the country, at an elevation of 3,187 metres (10,456 ft).

Sudan Capital Longitude

Longitude of South Sudan's capital, Juba, is 31.582456.

Sudan Capital Latitude

The capital of South Sudan is Juba, and it is located at 4.85°N, 31.6°E.

Sudan Official Languages

The official languages of South Sudan are English and Arabic.

Sudan Ethnic Groups

The people of South Sudan are a diverse mix of ethnic and tribal groups. The two largest ethnic groups are Dinka and Nuer, who make up about 60% of the population. Other significant ethnic groups include Shilluk, Azande, Bari, Baka, Murle, Kuku, and Acholi. In addition, there are smaller groups such as the Blang, Ingessana, Fertit, Zande, Kachipo, and Luo. English is the official language of South Sudan, although many people in rural areas speak Arabic. Other languages spoken include Dinka, Nuer, Bari, and Acholi.

Sudan Religions

The Constitution of South Sudan provides for freedom of religion. Christianity is the most widely practiced religion in South Sudan, followed by Islam and traditional African religions. Common denominations of Christianity include Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Pentecostalism, Seventh-day Adventism and several African-initiated churches. Animism and traditional African religions have a strong presence within the many tribal communities. Minor religions, including Bahá'í Faith and Hinduism, are also present. The Republic of South Sudan has no official religious status, with its government having declared itself secular.

Sudan Total Area

The total area of South Sudan is 619,745 square kilometers (239,285 square miles).

Sudan Land Area

The total land area of South Sudan is about 619,745 square kilometers (239,285 square miles).

Sudan Water Area

The water area of South Sudan is estimated to be about also over 78,000 square kilometers (30,148 square miles).

Sudan Total Population

As of July 2020, the total population of South Sudan is 12,520,972 people.

Sudan Currency Name

The currency of South Sudan is the South Sudanese Pound (SSP).

Sudan Currency Code

SSP

Sudan Currency Symbol

The currency symbol of South Sudan is SSP.

Sudan Time Zones

  • UTC+03:00

South Sudan operates in the East Africa Time Zone (EAT), which is three hours ahead of Universal Time Coordinated (UTC +3). South Sudan does not observe Daylight Saving Time, so the time remains the same throughout the year. Although other nations in the region observe Daylight Saving Time, South Sudan has not officially adopted it.

Sudan Calling Code

+211

Sudan Internet TLD

www.aveholidays.ss

How to Say "Sudan" In Different Languages?

Mooré
Mànì Sùdã (mos-BF)
Kirundi
Isuuda y'Uburundi (rn-BI)
Fulfulde
Sudan Jüɗìiɗɗo (fuc-CM)
Sango
Êzû na Sûdã (sg-CF)
Dioula
Sudan Díiwùyì (dyo-CI)
Kongo
Sudá y'Izíri (kg-CD)
Tigrinya
ሰሜና ደቡብ (ti-ER)
Amharic
ደቡብ ሱዳን (am-ET)
Twi
Sudani yí Súúyí (tw-GH)
Kiswahili
Jamhuri ya Kusini Sudan (sw-KE)
Bambara
Sudani yó Bamanankan (bm-ML)
Hausa
Arewa Sudan (ha-NE)
Yoruba
Èdè Sudanu (yo-NG)
Kinyarwanda
Isuuda y'Ubwongereza (rw-RW)
Somali
Koonfurta Suudaan (so-SO)
Zulu
iNingizimu Sudan (zu-ZA)
Arabic
جنوب السودان (ar-SD)
Swahili
Jamhuri ya Kusini Sudan (sw-TZ)
Runyankole
Suda y'Ibboogi (nyn-UG)
Luganda
Suda y'Isiri (lg-UG)

Sudan Popular Holidays

Mother's Day
2nd Sunday in May
Memorial Day
last Sunday in May
Father's Day
3rd Sunday in Jun
New Year's Day
1 Jan
Epiphany
6 Jan
International Women's Day
8 Mar
Easter
4 Apr (5 Apr)
Liberation Day
15 Apr
Workers’ Day
1 May
Ramadan
14 May (12 Jun)
Id-ul-Fitr
15 Jun
Independence Day
9 Jul
Tabaski
31 Jul
Saints Day
20 Aug
Eid al-Adha
31 Aug (3 Sep)
Prophet Muhammad's Birthday
30 Sep
Sudanese Unity Day
30 Sep
Remembrance Day
31 Oct
Islamic New Year
1 Nov
All Saints’ Day
1 Nov
Christmas Eve
24 Dec
Christmas
25 Dec
Boxing Day
26 Dec

VERIFY COUNTRY DATA:
We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Sudan

National and Public Holidays in Sudan next days/week/month/year

Ramadan

Ramadan is a Muslim holy month of fasting observed by believers worldwide. It is a period of spiritual reflection, self-improvement, and increased devotion and worship. During this month, Muslims abstain from food, drink, and smoking during the hours of sunrise to sunset. During Ramadan, Muslims focus on renewing their faith through increased devotion, prayer, and supplication. They visit the mosque more regularly and read and contemplate the Quran. This month is also known for its spirit of generosity and charity, as Muslims give to the less fortunate.

Islamic New Year

Islamic New Year, also known as Hijri New Year, is the first day of the Islamic calendar year observed on Muharram 1 of each year. It is the first day of the month of Muharram, one of the four sacred months of the Islamic year. Observations during the day involve recitations from the Quran, special prayer sessions, and feasts. Working and doing business is generally prohibited in some countries. Islamic New Year is celebrated by Muslims worldwide with special ceremonies and activities.

Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday

Prophet Mohammed's Birthday is a special holiday celebrated in many Muslim countries. It marks the birth of the Prophet Mohammed and is seen as a time for Muslims to show reverence for the Prophet's teachings. Celebrations typically involve prayer services, family gatherings, and the exchange of gifts. Other special activities may include parades, special meals, and volunteering to help those in need. It is a festive and joyous occasion, and its observance is a reminder to all of the human race of the Prophet's message.

Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha is an Islamic holiday that honors the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim to follow God's command to sacrifice his son. It is celebrated by Muslims around the world and is seen as a time for families and friends to gather to share in the joy of the holiday. Traditionally, Muslims gather for prayer at mosques and community centers during the four-day celebration, and animals are slaughtered and shared among family, friends, and those in need. Gifts are also exchanged and hot meals prepared and served. Other activities may include recreational activities like music, dancing, and games.

Eidul Adha

Eidul Adha is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide. It marks the end of the Hajj pilgrimage and honors Abraham’s willingness to obey God by sacrificing his son Ishmael. During the three-day holiday, Muslims attend special communal prayers, share meals, give gifts, and remember the importance of faith and sacrifice. Some Muslims may also sacrifice an animal as a representation of Abraham’s faith. The holiday also serves as an opportunity to strengthen family and social ties, build goodwill and compassion among Muslim communities, give to the poor, and reduce stress and hardship. Eidul Adha is a celebration of submission to God — and a reminder of the importance of faith in one’s life.

Slavery Remembrance Day

Slavery Remembrance Day is an annual holiday commemorating the history of the African diaspora. It honors the struggles of those taken from Africa against the horrors of the transatlantic slave trade, as well as those who fought for equality and freedom. It is celebrated on the last Sunday of August and on August 1 in some countries.

African Freedom Day

African Freedom Day is a holiday celebrated annually on May 25 to commemorate the freedom of African nations from colonial rule. It is a time to celebrate the progress made in African countries towards independence and to recall the struggle for human rights and justice. The day is also observed to remember past and present struggles and to mark a commitment to a stronger, more equitable future for the continent.

Arabic Language Day

Arabic Language Day is an international holiday created to celebrate and promote the Arabic language. It falls on the 18th of December each year and is celebrated with activities such as poetry readings and cultural activities.

New Year’s Day

New Year's Day is celebrated on January 1 and marks the beginning of a new calendar year. It is a public holiday in many countries, including Canada, Australia, and the United States. Traditions include fireworks, parade, and special meals, along with family gatherings and often resolutions for a fresh start. People observe the holiday by counting down the seconds to midnight, watching the ball drop in Times Square, and celebrating with friends and family. To many, the holiday symbolizes a time of renewal, reflection, and hope for the future.

Saint Valentine’s Day 2024

Valentine's Day is a celebration of love and romance. It is celebrated on February 14 each year with cards, treats, and gifts shared among lovers. It is a traditional holiday with many customs. Popular activities include sending cards, making homemade gifts, and decorating. Restaurants and stores often offer sweet treats and special gifts. It is the perfect day for couples to spend time together and show their love for one another.

Upcoming Festivals in Sudan

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Eid-al-Fitr

Eid al-Fitr is a Muslim holiday celebrated to mark the end of the holy month of Ramadan, which is a month of fasting and spiritual reflection. It is an occasion of joy for Muslims around the world. It is celebrated by the exchange of gifts, feasting on traditional dishes, and attending prayer services. Muslims often dress in their finest clothing and share special visits with family and friends. Eid al-Fitr marks a time of celebration, joy, and thanksgiving for Muslims who have spent the month of Ramadan fasting and praying.

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