Vanuatu is an island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean. It is made up of 83 small islands with picturesque sandy beaches and lush rainforests. It is known for its exquisite diving sites as well as its active volcanoes. It also has a rich culture and is a place to experience traditional life with traditional customs. Vanuatu is a great holiday destination with unique attractions and is a great place for a tropical getaway.

Tourism in Vanuatu: A Festive and Adventurous Experience

Vanuatu, a small island nation located in the South Pacific, is a hidden gem for tourists seeking a unique and culturally rich experience. With its pristine beaches, lush rainforests, and warm hospitality, Vanuatu offers a perfect blend of relaxation and adventure. But what makes this destination truly special is its festive spirit, which can be experienced throughout the year. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I invite you to explore the wonders of Vanuatu and discover why it should be on your travel bucket list.

The Festive Spirit of Vanuatu

The people of Vanuatu are known for their joyous and communal spirit, which is reflected in their many festivals and events. From traditional ceremonies to modern celebrations, there is always something to look forward to in Vanuatu. The most popular festivals include the Toka Festival, celebrating the harvest season, and the Naghol Land Diving ceremony, an ancient ritual where men jump from tall towers with vines tied to their feet. These festivities are not only a source of entertainment but also provide an insight into the country’s culture and traditions.

Unique Tourist Attractions

Apart from its vibrant festivals, Vanuatu boasts a plethora of tourist attractions that are sure to captivate visitors. One of the must-visit places is Mount Yasur, an active volcano on the island of Tanna. Visitors can hike up to the crater rim and witness spectacular eruptions up close. Another popular attraction is the Blue Lagoon on Efate Island, where visitors can swim in crystal clear waters surrounded by lush greenery. For those seeking an adrenaline rush, there are plenty of adventure activities such as zip-lining, scuba diving, and bungee jumping available.

Important Places to Visit

In addition to its natural wonders, Vanuatu is home to some significant historical and cultural sites. The capital city of Port Vila is a must-visit for its bustling markets, colonial architecture, and museums. The island of Espiritu Santo is known for its stunning beaches and World War II relics, while the island of Pentecost is famous for its land diving ceremony. Other notable places to visit include the Mele Cascades Waterfalls, the Vanuatu Cultural Centre, and the Million Dollar Point.

Activities to Enjoy

Vanuatu offers a diverse range of activities for tourists to indulge in. From hiking through lush rainforests to swimming in turquoise waters, there is something for everyone. For a unique experience, visitors can take part in traditional cooking classes or learn how to weave baskets from local experts. The country’s warm climate also makes it an ideal destination for water sports such as snorkeling, kayaking, and paddleboarding.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Despite being a small island nation, Vanuatu has a well-developed infrastructure and transportation system. The main mode of transportation is by bus, which operates on fixed routes and is an affordable way to get around. Taxis are also available, but they can be quite expensive. For those looking for a more adventurous way to explore the islands, renting a car or motorbike is an option. However, it is important to note that roads in Vanuatu can be rough and challenging to navigate.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

If you are planning a trip to Vanuatu, here are some essential travel information and tips to keep in mind.

Visa Requirements

Most foreign visitors require a visa to enter Vanuatu. The visa application process can be done online or upon arrival at the airport. It is advisable to check the visa requirements and apply in advance to avoid any last-minute delays.

Health and Safety

Vanuatu is a relatively safe country, but it is always wise to take precautions while traveling. It is recommended to get vaccinated for common illnesses such as typhoid and hepatitis A before your trip. It is also essential to stay hydrated and use sunscreen to protect yourself from the sun’s harsh rays.

Local Customs and Etiquette

The people of Vanuatu are warm and welcoming, but it is important to respect their customs and traditions. When visiting villages or attending ceremonies, it is customary to dress modestly and remove your shoes before entering. It is also considered impolite to take photos without asking for permission first.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Vanuatu is the Vatu, but Australian dollars are widely accepted. Credit cards are accepted in major establishments, but it is always advisable to carry cash for smaller purchases. ATMs are available in major cities, but they may not be accessible on smaller islands.

Festive Activities in Vanuatu

Vanuatu’s festive season is a time of celebration and joy, with plenty of unique activities for tourists to enjoy.

Proposed Activities

During this time, visitors can participate in traditional dances, taste local delicacies, and join in on cultural ceremonies. They can also attend music festivals, art exhibitions, and sporting events.

Country Traditions

Many of these activities are deeply rooted in Vanuatu’s traditions and showcase the country’s diverse cultural heritage. From traditional dances performed by different tribes to feasts prepared using ancient cooking techniques, these experiences provide a glimpse into the country’s rich history.

Infrastructure & Transit during the Festive Season

The festive season in Vanuatu is a busy time, with an influx of tourists from all over the world. While this adds to the festive atmosphere, it can also lead to overcrowding and longer wait times for transportation.

Efficiency of Public Transportation

The public transportation system in Vanuatu may experience delays during this period due to increased demand. It is advisable to plan your travels in advance and be prepared for longer travel times.

Tips for Efficient Travel

To make the most of your trip, it is recommended to book tours and transportation in advance. It is also advisable to avoid peak travel times and opt for less crowded routes.

Accommodation Options

Vanuatu offers a range of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference.

Lodging Possibilities

From luxury resorts and hotels to budget-friendly guesthouses and homestays, there is something for everyone in Vanuatu. For a more authentic experience, visitors can also choose to stay in traditional bungalows or eco-friendly resorts.

Advantages of Different Accommodations

Luxury resorts offer top-notch amenities and services, while guesthouses and homestays provide a more intimate experience with the locals. Traditional bungalows and eco-friendly resorts allow visitors to immerse themselves in the country’s culture and natural beauty.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Vanuatu offers a unique shopping experience, with a variety of local markets and shops selling traditional handicrafts, clothing, and souvenirs.

Key Shopping Districts

The capital city of Port Vila is the main shopping hub, with its bustling markets offering everything from fresh produce to handmade crafts. The town of Luganville on Espiritu Santo Island is also known for its local markets and shops selling authentic souvenirs.

Finding Unique Souvenirs

For those looking for unique souvenirs, it is recommended to visit the local markets and interact with the vendors. This not only supports the local economy but also allows visitors to learn more about the country’s culture and traditions.

Technology and Connectivity

Staying connected in Vanuatu is relatively easy, with internet access available in most major cities and tourist areas.

Availability of Connectivity

While internet access may be limited on smaller islands, most hotels and resorts offer Wi-Fi for their guests. It is also possible to purchase a local SIM card for data and phone services.

Recommended Apps

Some useful apps for travelers to Vanuatu include maps for navigation, translation apps for communication, and event booking apps for festivals and activities.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Vanuatu is committed to promoting responsible tourism practices that protect the environment and support the local community.

Eco-Friendly Travel Options

There are many eco-friendly travel options available in Vanuatu, such as staying in eco-resorts, participating in sustainable tours, and supporting local businesses.

Outdoor Activities

Outdoor enthusiasts can explore Vanuatu’s natural beauty through activities such as hiking, kayaking, and snorkeling. These activities not only provide an adrenaline rush but also promote environmental conservation.

Local Festivals and Events

In addition to the major festivals, Vanuatu also hosts smaller local events throughout the year.

Smaller Festivals and Events

These events offer a more intimate experience and allow visitors to interact with the locals on a personal level. Some notable events include the Vanuatu Agricultural Show, the Lukaotem Gud Santo Festival, and the Pentecost Island Arts Festival.

Practical Advice and Tips

To make the most of your trip to Vanuatu, here are some practical tips to keep in mind.

Budgeting and Safety

It is advisable to budget for your trip in advance, taking into account accommodation, transportation, and activity costs. It is also essential to take necessary safety precautions and be aware of your surroundings at all times.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

Vanuatu is a year-round destination, but the best time to visit depends on personal preferences and interests.

Optimal Period for Visiting

The dry season from May to October is considered the best time to visit Vanuatu, with pleasant weather and fewer chances of rain. However, if you want to experience the festive spirit of Vanuatu, the months of November to April are ideal.

Not-to-be-Missed Events and Activities

Some of the must-see events and activities in Vanuatu include the Naghol Land Diving ceremony, the Toka Festival, and exploring the Blue Lagoon.

Suitable Attire

The climate in Vanuatu is warm and humid throughout the year, so it is recommended to pack lightweight and breathable clothing. For festival events, it is customary to dress modestly and wear comfortable shoes for walking on uneven terrain.

Dos and Don’ts

To show respect for the local customs and practices, it is important to follow certain dos and don’ts while in Vanuatu. For example, it is considered rude to touch someone’s head or point with your finger. It is also important to ask for permission before taking photos of people or their belongings.

Language Assistance

While English and French are the official languages in Vanuatu, many locals also speak Bislama, a creole language. It is helpful to learn some common phrases in Bislama to communicate with the locals and show your interest in their culture.

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergencies, it is essential to have the contact numbers for the local police, ambulance, and fire department. These numbers can be obtained from your hotel or tourist information centers.

In conclusion, Vanuatu offers a unique and unforgettable experience for tourists with its festive spirit, stunning natural beauty, and rich cultural heritage. Whether you are looking for relaxation or adventure, this island nation has something for everyone. So pack your bags and get ready to immerse yourself in the vibrant culture of Vanuatu


Vanuatu is a small island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean. It is made up of 83 islands, with the largest and most populous being Efate, where the capital city Port Vila is located. Vanuatu has a rich history and culture, with influences from Melanesian, Polynesian, and European settlers. In this article, we will explore some interesting statistics and data about this beautiful country.

Population and Demographics

According to the latest estimates from the United Nations, Vanuatu has a population of approximately 299,882 people as of 2021. The majority of the population (about 98%) are indigenous Melanesians, with small minorities of Polynesians and Europeans. The official languages are Bislama, English, and French, but over 100 indigenous languages are also spoken in the country.


Vanuatu’s economy is primarily based on agriculture, tourism, and offshore financial services. Agriculture accounts for about 26% of the country’s GDP and employs around 65% of the workforce. The main crops grown in Vanuatu include coconuts, cocoa, coffee, and kava. Tourism is also a significant contributor to the economy, with over 200,000 visitors annually. The country’s beautiful beaches, coral reefs, and tropical climate make it a popular destination for tourists.


Vanuatu is an archipelago made up of 83 islands, with a total land area of 12,189 square kilometers. The islands are volcanic in origin and are surrounded by coral reefs. The highest point in Vanuatu is Mount Tabwemasana on Espiritu Santo Island, standing at 1,879 meters above sea level.


Vanuatu has a tropical climate with high temperatures and humidity year-round. The average temperature ranges from 23°C to 28°C, with the warmest months being December to February. The country experiences two distinct seasons – a wet season from November to April and a dry season from May to October.

Health and Education

The life expectancy in Vanuatu is around 70 years, with the leading causes of death being non-communicable diseases such as heart disease and diabetes. The country has made significant progress in reducing child mortality rates, with only 10 deaths per 1,000 live births. Vanuatu also has a high literacy rate of 74%, with education being free and compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 13.


Vanuatu has a relatively underdeveloped infrastructure, with limited road networks and no railways. Most of the islands are accessible by boat or small planes. However, the government has invested in improving infrastructure in recent years, with ongoing projects to upgrade roads and build new airports.


Vanuatu has a rich cultural heritage, with traditional practices and beliefs still prevalent among the indigenous population. The country is known for its unique music, dance, and art forms, which often depict stories and legends passed down through generations. The most famous cultural event in Vanuatu is the Naghol land diving ceremony, where men jump from tall wooden towers with vines tied to their ankles as a ritual for a good yam harvest.


The most popular sport in Vanuatu is football (soccer), with the national team participating in international competitions such as the FIFA World Cup. Rugby union is also gaining popularity in the country, with the national team competing in the Pacific Nations Cup. Other popular sports include cricket, basketball, and volleyball.


In conclusion, Vanuatu is a beautiful and culturally rich country with a small but diverse population. It has a developing economy with a strong focus on agriculture and tourism. With its stunning landscapes, unique culture, and friendly people, Vanuatu is a must-visit destination for anyone looking to experience the beauty of the South Pacific

  • Where is Vanuatu located?
    Vanuatu is an island country located in the South Pacific Ocean, about 1,750 kilometers east of Australia.
  • What is the capital of Vanuatu?
    The capital of Vanuatu is Port Vila, located on the island of Efate.
  • What is the population of Vanuatu?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Vanuatu is 307,145.
  • What languages are spoken in Vanuatu?
    The official languages of Vanuatu are Bislama, English, and French. However, over 100 indigenous languages are also spoken.
  • What is the currency used in Vanuatu?
    The currency used in Vanuatu is the Vanuatu vatu (VUV).
  • Is Vanuatu a safe country to visit?
    Yes, Vanuatu is generally considered a safe country for tourists. However, it is always important to exercise caution and be aware of your surroundings.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Vanuatu?
    Most visitors do not need a visa to enter Vanuatu. However, some nationalities may require a visa. It is best to check with your local embassy or consulate for the most up-to-date information.
  • What is the weather like in Vanuatu?
    Vanuatu has a tropical climate with warm temperatures year-round. The wet season runs from November to April, while the dry season runs from May to October.
  • What are some popular dishes in Vanuatu?
    Some popular dishes in Vanuatu include lap lap (a dish made with grated root vegetables and coconut milk), tuluk (baked fish in banana leaves), and island-style curry.
  • What is the traditional music of Vanuatu?
    The traditional music of Vanuatu is known as string band music, which is played using handmade instruments such as bamboo flutes and stringed instruments made from coconut shells.
  • What are some popular songs from Vanuatu?
    Some popular songs from Vanuatu include "We Are One" by Vanessa Quai, "Island Time" by George Telek, and "Takara" by Dadao Trio.
  • What are some must-see attractions in Vanuatu?
    Some must-see attractions in Vanuatu include Mount Yasur (an active volcano on the island of Tanna), the Mele Cascades (a series of waterfalls on Efate), and the Blue Lagoon (a stunning swimming hole on Efate).
  • Is it safe to drink tap water in Vanuatu?
    No, it is not recommended to drink tap water in Vanuatu. It is best to stick to bottled water or boiled/filtered water.
  • What is kava and how is it consumed in Vanuatu?
    Kava is a traditional drink made from the root of the kava plant. It is consumed at social gatherings and ceremonies, and is known for its relaxing effects. In Vanuatu, kava is traditionally consumed out of a coconut shell.
  • What are some popular activities in Vanuatu?
    Some popular activities in Vanuatu include snorkeling and diving in the crystal-clear waters, hiking to waterfalls and volcanoes, and cultural experiences such as village visits and traditional ceremonies.
  • What is the best time of year to visit Vanuatu?
    The best time to visit Vanuatu is during the dry season (May-October) when the weather is mild and there is less chance of rain. However, even during the wet season, the weather can still be enjoyable and there are often fewer tourists.
  • Is there a dress code in Vanuatu?
    While there is no strict dress code in Vanuatu, it is important to dress modestly when visiting villages or participating in cultural activities. This means covering your shoulders and knees.
  • What is the voltage used in Vanuatu?
    The voltage used in Vanuatu is 220-240 volts, with a frequency of 50Hz. Be sure to bring a travel adapter if your devices require a different voltage.
  • What is the internet access like in Vanuatu?
    Internet access in Vanuatu can be limited, especially on the smaller islands. However, most hotels and resorts offer WiFi for guests.
  • What is the time zone of Vanuatu?
    Vanuatu is located in the UTC+11 time zone. It does not observe daylight saving time.
  • Can I use my cell phone in Vanuatu?
    Most major cell phone providers have coverage in Vanuatu. However, it is important to check with your provider about international rates before using your phone.
  • What are some common phrases in Bislama (the local language)?
    Some common phrases in Bislama include "tankyu tumas" (thank you very much), "hapumi" (hello), and "gud aftenun" (good afternoon).
  • Are there any health concerns in Vanuatu?
    While there are no major health concerns in Vanuatu, it is recommended to get vaccinated for hepatitis A and typhoid before traveling. It is also important to take precautions against mosquito bites to prevent diseases such as dengue fever and malaria.
  • What is the dress code for beaches in Vanuatu?
    There is no strict dress code for beaches in Vanuatu, but it is important to respect the local culture and avoid wearing revealing clothing.
  • Can I use US dollars in Vanuatu?
    The official currency of Vanuatu is the Vanuatu vatu, but US dollars are widely accepted in tourist areas. However, it is recommended to exchange your currency for vatu for better rates.
  • What is the legal drinking age in Vanuatu?
    The legal drinking age in Vanuatu is 18 years old.
  • What are some common souvenirs to buy in Vanuatu?
    Some common souvenirs to buy in Vanuatu include handmade crafts such as wooden carvings and woven baskets, as well as locally made products such as coconut oil and kava.
  • What is the traditional dress of Vanuatu?
    The traditional dress of Vanuatu varies between different islands and cultures. However, a common traditional outfit for men is a grass skirt and a woven mat wrapped around the waist, while women may wear a grass skirt and a top made from pandanus leaves.
  • Are there any cultural customs or traditions I should be aware of in Vanuatu?
    Yes, it is important to respect the local customs and traditions in Vanuatu. This includes asking for permission before taking photos of people, not touching anyone's head (as it is considered sacred), and dressing modestly when visiting villages or participating in cultural activities.
  • What is the emergency number in Vanuatu?
    The emergency number in Vanuatu is 112. However, it is recommended to have the local police or ambulance numbers on hand as well.
  • Can I use my credit/debit card in Vanuatu?
    Credit and debit cards are accepted at most major hotels, restaurants, and shops in Vanuatu. However, it is always a good idea to have some cash on hand for smaller businesses.
  • Is there a lot of tourism in Vanuatu?
    Vanuatu is a popular tourist destination, but it is not as heavily visited as other South Pacific countries such as Fiji or Tahiti. This means you can still find secluded beaches and authentic cultural experiences.
  • What are some common modes of transportation in Vanuatu?
    Some common modes of transportation in Vanuatu include buses, taxis, and rental cars. On the smaller islands, you may also find bicycles or scooters for rent.
  • What are some popular festivals and events in Vanuatu?
    Some popular festivals and events in Vanuatu include the Port Vila Agricultural Show (held every June), the Nagol Land Diving Festival (held every April on Pentecost Island), and Independence Day (July 30th).
  • Is there a lot of crime in Vanuatu?
    Vanuatu has a relatively low crime rate, but it is still important to take precautions and be aware of your surroundings. It is best to avoid walking alone at night and to keep valuables secure.
  • What are some common forms of entertainment in Vanuatu?
    Some common forms of entertainment in Vanuatu include traditional dance performances, live music, and cultural activities such as kava ceremonies and village visits.
  • Are there any restrictions on bringing goods into Vanuatu?
    Yes, there are restrictions on bringing certain goods into Vanuatu, such as firearms, drugs, and certain food items. It is best to check with customs before traveling.
  • What is the education system like in Vanuatu?
    The education system in Vanuatu follows a British model, with primary and secondary education being compulsory. However, access to education can be limited on the smaller islands.
  • What is the official religion of Vanuatu?
    The official religion of Vanuatu is Christianity, with the majority of the population being either Presbyterian or Roman Catholic.
  • Is there a lot of poverty in Vanuatu?
    While there is poverty in some areas of Vanuatu, the country has made significant progress in reducing poverty levels in recent years. Tourism plays a large role in the economy and helps provide jobs and income for many locals.
  • Can I volunteer in Vanuatu?
    Yes, there are many opportunities for volunteering in Vanuatu, particularly in the areas of conservation and community development. It is best to research reputable organizations before volunteering.
  • What are some common forms of transportation between islands in Vanuatu?
    Some common forms of transportation between islands in Vanuatu include domestic flights, ferries, and small boats. However, travel between the smaller islands may be limited.
  • What is the economy like in Vanuatu?
    The economy of Vanuatu is primarily based on agriculture, tourism, and fishing. The country also receives aid from foreign countries and organizations.
  • Are there any active volcanoes in Vanuatu?
    Yes, Vanuatu is home to several active volcanoes, including Mount Yasur on Tanna Island and Ambrym Island. It is important to follow safety guidelines and advice from local authorities when visiting these areas.
  • What are some common health concerns for travelers in Vanuatu?
    Some common health concerns for travelers in Vanuatu include sunburn, insect bites, and dehydration. It is important to use sunscreen, insect repellent, and drink plenty of water while traveling.
  • What is the literacy rate in Vanuatu?
    As of 2021, the literacy rate in Vanuatu is estimated to be around 83%, with higher rates among males than females.
  • Is there a lot of diversity in Vanuatu?
    Yes, Vanuatu is a very diverse country with over 100 different indigenous languages spoken. The population also includes people of European, Chinese, and other Pacific Islander descent.
  • What are some common modes of communication in Vanuatu?
    Some common modes of communication in Vanuatu include cell phones (particularly in urban areas), landline phones, and radio. Internet access may be limited in some areas.
  • What are some popular sports in Vanuatu?
    Some popular sports in Vanuatu include soccer, rugby, and cricket. Traditional sports such as canoe racing and land diving are also popular.
  • What is the political system of Vanuatu?
    Vanuatu is a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. The president is the head of state, while the prime minister is the head of government.
  • Is there a lot of corruption in Vanuatu?
    Corruption is a problem in Vanuatu, particularly in government and business sectors. It is important to be aware of this and take precautions when conducting business or making financial transactions.
  • What is the average life expectancy in Vanuatu?
    As of 2021, the average life expectancy in Vanuatu is estimated to be around 71 years old.
  • What are some common natural disasters in Vanuatu?
    Vanuatu is prone to natural disasters such as cyclones, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions. It is important to follow safety guidelines and advice from local authorities during these events.

A Closer Look at Vanuatu - 瓦努阿图

Vanuatu Flag


Vanuatu Formation Date

July 30, 1980

Vanuatu Capital Name

Port Vila

Vanuatu Neighbours

  1. Fiji Fiji
  2. New Caledonia New Caledonia

Exploring Vanuatu

Origin of Vanuatu

Vanuatu is an archipelago situated in the South Pacific between the Solomon Islands and Fiji. It comprises of more than 80 islands and is home to a diverse culture, wildlife, topography and climate. The islands were first discovered by the Portuguese in the 16th century and were named Preciosa for its captivating beauty. However, the British and French would colonize the area during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. After the region’s tumultuous war-time years leading up to World War II, the area adopted a new presence in the international complexion when the Republic of Vanuatu was founded in 1980. This adoption was marked by its Constitution’s provision of a “special legal status holding inalienable right of ownership by indigenous communities”.


Since the arrival of different groups in Vanuatu, the culture of the region has been a mix of Melanesian, French and British influences. This wide-ranging mixture has enabled the region to have a unique culture inspired by a variety of traditions. The local language spoken in Vanuatu is Bislama with a few of the locals speaking French and English too. While the local population is predominantly Melanesian, other ethnic groups like Europeans, Chinese, Polynesian, Vietnamese, and Tongans also live in the country. An important aspect of the local culture is the Kastom system, in which many of the cultural practices and beliefs are kept alive over generations. This includes traditional dances, music, beliefs and rituals. Chiefly rituals and kastom laws involve the payment of Manbush (a kind of place-income tax) or the payment of a compensation for violators of customary rules.


The Vanuatu National Sports Council is the governing body for sports in the country. One of the most popular sports in the country is Rugby Union (though it is most popular in rural areas) and the very first rugby match was played in 1951 in Port Vila. Local football clubs play in the Port Vila Football League, but the national team has not been very successful so far. In addition, cricket is also one of the popular sports in Vanuatu and has its own league. Netball is also popular among the local population, and there are a few local teams. The people of Vanuatu are also crazy about volleyball, as it is one of the most popular sports in the country. As well, the country also participate in other international events like the Commonwealth Games, Davis Cup and Asian Games.


Religion in Vanuatu is predominantly Christian with some practitioners of traditional animistic beliefs. About 71% of Vanuatu’s population is Protestant with little over 26% being Roman Catholic. Other religious affiliations of the population are Seventh-day Adventists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and Baha’is. Approximately 2.5% of the population follows animistic beliefs, which are distributed differently throughout the islands with concentrated areas of practice in Malakula, Tanna, and Ambryn.


The official languages of Vanuatu are English, French and Bislama. Bislama is a creole language based on English and is spoken as the first language by nearly 40% of the total population. In terms of school curriculum, both English and French are taught in for both primary and secondary education. Meanwhile, local schools also offer some courses in the various indigenous languages of the country.


Primary, secondary, and tertiary education are widely available in Vanuatu. Primary education is free and compulsory for children aged 6–14. The education is provided as a joint effort between the government and several aid organization, such as the United Nations. The system is very efficient and many of the students go on to secondary and tertiary education. There are three universities in Vanuatu, although two of them are branches of other universities located in Australia, Fiji, and New Zealand. Ministry of Education and Training is the governing body of all educational institutes in the country.


Vanuatu’s population is around 287,000 according to the 2017 census. The population includes people of different descent including Melanesian, Polynesian, European, and Chinese. The median age in the country is approximately 24 years old with the younger age category being more predominant. Life expectancy in Vanuatu is 69 years for males and 74 years for females.


Vanuatu is a market economy with an emphasis on agriculture and fishing. The country has a few natural resources, mostly including timber, fish, and bauxite. The economy depends heavily on exporting goods, such as copra, cocoa, kava, fish, beef, timber, and handicrafts. The main contributors to Vanuatu’s exports are Australia, France, New Zealand, and the United States. The Vanuatuan government has created several favorable incentives for businesses, such as tax holidays and double-deductible expenses. The government also offers generous tax relief for new businesses, which encourages investments and companies to stay in the country. The result of these efforts, made in collaboration with the private sector, is that Vanuatu has experienced steady growth in the past few years.


Vanuatu’s climate is tropical, with temperatures consistently ranging from 20-30 degrees Celsius. The dry season is generally between April and October and wet season between November and March. Heavy rainfall and cyclones can occur during the wet season, while it is very humid in the dry season. The highest recorded temperature was 35 degrees Celsius in Tanna and the lowest was 18 degrees Celsius in Santo.


Vanuatu is located in the South Pacific, with Australia to the South and New Zealand to the East. Its closest neighbors are Fiji, New Caledonia, and the Solomon Islands. It is about 3,000 km from the closest continent, Australia which lies across the Coral Sea. Vanuatu doesn’t have any land or maritime borders.

Vanuatu Highest Point Name

The highest point in Vanuatu is Mount Tabwemasana, located on the island of Espiritu Santo. It has an elevation of 1,877 m (6,158 ft).

Vanuatu Capital Longitude

The capital of Vanuatu is Port Vila, and its longitude is 168.3228° E.

Vanuatu Capital Latitude

Vanuatu's capital city is Port Vila and its latitude is 17.7538° S

Vanuatu Official Languages

English and French are the official languages of Vanuatu, and many local languages are also spoken, including Bislama, an English-based creole, West Ambae (or Res), North and South Efate, and several Melanesian languages.

Vanuatu Ethnic Groups

The population of Vanuatu is made up of a diverse range of ethnic groups, including Ni-Vanuatu, who make up more than 98 percent of the population; people from France, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and other Pacific islands; and small minorities of Chinese, Vietnamese, and Indian origin. The official languages of Vanuatu are Bislama, English and French, but the people also speak many of the other 103 Melanesian languages and a few Polynesian languages. The primary ethnic groups of Vanuatu include the Southern Vanuatuan, who make up approximately 70 percent of the population, the Central Vanuatuan, who make up approximately 17 percent, the Northern Vanuatuan, who account for about 12 percent, and a small minority of ethnic Chinese, Vietnamese, and Indians. Culturally, Vanuatu is very diverse, with different parts of the country being home to different religious practices, such as Christianity, traditional Melanesian beliefs, and a syncretic blend of the two. As for the people, dance, music, art and craftsmanship are treasured cultural expressions, and stilt walking is the main form of entertainment and social gatherings, with many of the unique traditional customs still being practiced in Vanuatu today.

Vanuatu Religions

The primary religion practiced in Vanuatu is Christianity, with Presbyterianism, Seventh-Day Adventism, Anglicanism, Catholicism, Apostolic, and Revival Christianity being the major denominations. Over two-thirds of Vanuatuans identify as Christian. Other significant religious practices in Vanuatu include animism, with many villages continuing to practice components of the ancient religion. Hinduism, Islam, and Bahá'í are minority religions in Vanuatu. There is also an interfaith movement between the different major religions that promotes understanding and harmony between people of different faiths. The Vanuatu Constitution provides for religious freedom and there is a strong emphasis on mutual respect between different religious groups.

Vanuatu Total Area

Vanuatu covers an area of 12,189 square kilometers (4,706 square miles).

Vanuatu Land Area

The total land area of Vanuatu is 12,189 square kilometers (4,707 square miles).

Vanuatu Water Area

The total amount of water area in Vanuatu is approximately 507 km² (196 mi²). Most of Vanuatu's water area is comprised of coastal and shelf waters. Other bodies of water include shallow reefs and lagoons. The largest lagoon is located in the north-eastern region known as the Segond Channel.

Vanuatu Total Population

As of July 2020, the total population of Vanuatu was estimated to be approximately 309,356.

Vanuatu Currency Name

The official currency of Vanuatu is the Vanuatu vatu (VUV).

Vanuatu Currency Code

The currency code for the Vanuatu currency is VUV.

Vanuatu Currency Symbol

Vatu (VT or VUV).

Vanuatu Time Zones

  • UTC+11:00

Vanuatu is located in the UTC+11 time zone, and does not observe Daylight Saving Time (DST). Therefore, all throughout the year the time in Vanuatu is 11 hours ahead of UTC (Coordinated Universal Time).

Vanuatu Calling Code


Vanuatu Internet TLD

How to Say "Vanuatu" In Different Languages?

瓦努阿图 (zh- CN)
Vanuatu (hr-HR)
Vanuatu (fi-FI)
Vanuatu (fr-FR)
Vanuatu (de-DE)
Βανουάτου (el-GR)
Vanuatu (id-ID)
Vanuatu (it-IT)
バヌアツ (ja-JP)
Vanuatu (lt-LT)
Vanuatu (nl-NL)
Vanuatu (pl-PL)
Vanuatu (pt-PT)
바누아투 (ko-KR)
Vanuatu (es-ES)
Vanuatu (sv-SE)
วานูอาตู (th-TH)
Вануату (uk-UA)
Vanuatu (vi-VN)

Vanuatu Popular Holidays

New Year's Day
1 January
The Gratitude Day
7 January
Birthday of Alua Papa Lui Beguinde
10 January
15 January
Womens' Day
17 January
Chief Blanton's Birthday
30 January
Levubu Day
31 January
Anniversary of the Flying Fox
1 February
Culture Day
3 February
National Children's Day
8 February
Caravelle Day
20 February
Lamap Blong Projeck
26 February
Bislama Language Day
27 February
Lun Bawsten
1 March
Vice-President's Birthday
4 March
Fisherman's Day
5 March
Independence Day
30 March
Good Friday
2 April
Easter Sunday
4 April
Easter Monday
5 April
Memorial Day
25 April
Labour Day
30 April
Queen's Birthday
31 May
Father's Day
1 June
Ray of Hope
14 June
Public Sector Day
24 June
Youth Day
1 July
Family Day
3 July
Signing of the Constitution
4 July
Fet Vatu
7 July
National Prayer Day
17 July
Vanuatu Ancestors Day
20 July
Port-Vila Day
22 July
Cultural Festival Day
27 July
Dies Merite Day
4 August
10 August
Women's Entrepreneurial Day
14 August
Tananarive Day
17 August
Mother's Day
22 August
Heritage Day
28 August
Indigenous People's Day
29 August
Independence Day Anniversary
30 August
World Teachers' Day
5 October
President's Birthday
17 October
Vanuatu Day (Reunification Day)
20 October
Children's Day
21 October
National Unity Day
22 October
Harvest Festival
4 November
Remembrance Day
11 November
National Day of Prayer
24 November
25 November
Human Rights Day
10 December
Surrender Day
13 December
Christmas Eve
24 December
Christmas Day
25 December
Boxing Day
26 December
New Year's Eve
31 December

We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Vanuatu

National and Public Holidays in Vanuatu next days/week/month/year

International Day of the World’s Indigenous People

The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People is a United Nations sanctioned holiday celebrated annually on August 9. It marks the day the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted in 2007, recognizing the rights of tribal and clan societies worldwide. The day is used to celebrate the survival and cultural rich heritage of the world’s Indigenous People. Events, speeches, and educational activities are held worldwide.

Constitution Day in Vanuatu

Constitution Day is a public holiday in Vanuatu

Day off for Constitution Day in Vanuatu

Celebrate the rich cultural heritage of Vanuatu on Constitution Day, a national holiday observed on July 30th. Immerse yourself in island traditions, taste local delicacies, and soak up the beauty of this South Pacific destination. Take some time off and experience the vibrant festivities of this important holiday.

Unity Day in Vanuatu

Discover the vibrant and diverse culture of Vanuatu during Unity Day, a national holiday celebrating the unity and diversity of the island's people. Immerse yourself in traditional dances, indulge in mouth-watering local cuisine, and witness the colorful display of traditional wear. A must-visit destination for any cultural enthusiast. #UnityDay #Vanuatu #Culture #Travel

Day off for Unity Day in Vanuatu

"Experience the vibrant celebration of cultural diversity and national unity on your day off for Vanuatu's Unity Day. This public holiday showcases the country's rich traditions and customs through colorful parades, traditional dances, and mouth-watering feasts. Allow yourself to be immersed in this beautiful display of national pride and solidarity. #unityday #vanuatuculturalholiday"

Christmas Day in Vanuatu

Christmas Day in Vanuatu is a vibrant blend of traditional customs and joyful celebrations. As a national holiday, the island comes alive with colorful parades, joyful caroling, and mouth-watering feasts, making it an unforgettable cultural experience. From beachside bonfires to traditional dances, experience the true spirit of Christmas on this tropical paradise.

Family Day in Vanuatu

"Join the vibrant celebrations of Vanuatu's National Family Day, a festive observance brimming with traditional dances, mouthwatering feasts, and heartwarming family gatherings. Immerse yourself in the island's dynamic cultural heritage while basking in the warm hospitality and pristine beauty of its tropical paradise. An unforgettable holiday experience for the whole family."

New Year’s Day

New Year's Day is celebrated on January 1 and marks the beginning of a new calendar year. It is a public holiday in many countries, including Canada, Australia, and the United States. Traditions include fireworks, parade, and special meals, along with family gatherings and often resolutions for a fresh start. People observe the holiday by counting down the seconds to midnight, watching the ball drop in Times Square, and celebrating with friends and family. To many, the holiday symbolizes a time of renewal, reflection, and hope for the future.

New Year’s Day in Vanuatu

"Experience the vibrant culture and festivities of Vanuatu on New Year's Day, a national holiday filled with colorful parades, delicious food, and traditional ceremonies. Immerse yourself in the lively local traditions and start the year off with a memorable cultural celebration unlike any other on this beautiful island paradise."

Saint Valentine’s Day 2024

Valentine's Day is a celebration of love and romance. It is celebrated on February 14 each year with cards, treats, and gifts shared among lovers. It is a traditional holiday with many customs. Popular activities include sending cards, making homemade gifts, and decorating. Restaurants and stores often offer sweet treats and special gifts. It is the perfect day for couples to spend time together and show their love for one another.

Upcoming Festivals in Vanuatu

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Leap Day in United States of America

Celebrate the extra day of the year in style with Leap Day in the United States of America! This unique observance allows for an additional 24 hours of exploration, making it the perfect time to discover hidden gems and indulge in local traditions. Don't miss out on this special national holiday.

Independence Day in Bangladesh

Independence Day is a government holiday in Bangladesh

Easter Sunday in Switzerland

"Easter Sunday in Switzerland is a delightful blend of festive traditions and stunning alpine scenery. From charming processions and colorful markets, to indulging in delicious chocolate eggs and hiking in the Swiss Alps, this national observance holiday offers a unique cultural experience that will leave visitors in awe."

Easter Sunday in Ecuador

Observance: Experience the vibrant culture and rich traditions of Ecuador on Easter Sunday. Join in the colorful processions and witness the unique blend of Catholic and indigenous beliefs. Explore the beautiful landscapes and indulge in traditional delicacies. A truly enchanting holiday for every traveler.

Easter Sunday in Luxembourg

"Easter Sunday in Luxembourg, a national holiday filled with vibrant traditions and lively celebrations. From the colorful Easter markets to the famous egg hunts, this festive occasion brings the whole community together in a spirit of joy and renewal. A must-visit for anyone looking to immerse themselves in Luxembourg's rich culture and traditions."

Easter Sunday in Slovakia

"Easter Sunday in Slovakia is a beautiful celebration of both religious and cultural traditions. The country comes alive with colorful processions, traditional folk music, and delectable Easter dishes. From the stunning architecture of Bratislava to the quaint villages in the countryside, this observance is a must-see for any traveler seeking an authentic cultural experience." (50 words)

Easter Sunday in Uruguay

"Easter Sunday in Uruguay is a vibrant celebration of faith and culture. From the bustling streets of Montevideo to the tranquil beach towns, the nation comes alive with processions, colorful decorations, and traditional food. Immerse yourself in the local customs and take part in this national holiday that embodies the spirit of Uruguay." (observance)

Easter Sunday in Estonia

Easter Sunday in Estonia is a festive national holiday filled with colorful traditions and local cuisine. From egg painting and traditional church services to indulging in delicious Easter bread and smoked ham, this observance is a must-visit to experience the authentic culture of Estonia.

Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau

"Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau is a vibrant celebration filled with colorful processions, traditional music, and joyful feasts. As a national holiday, it is deeply rooted in the country's rich cultural heritage and serves as a time for families and communities to come together in unity and celebration."

Easter Sunday in Sweden

"Easter Sunday in Sweden is a vibrant celebration of spring's arrival, filled with colorful traditions and mouth-watering feasts. As a national holiday, families gather to decorate eggs, indulge in delicious sweets, and revel in the joyous atmosphere of rebirth and renewal. A must-visit for those seeking a cultural and culinary immersion in Sweden."

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