Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea is a sovereign state in Oceania, located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. It has the second largest population of any Pacific Island nation with over 8 million people. It has a wonderfully diverse culture, with over 800 distinct Papuan and Austronesian languages. It is rich in natural resources, including minerals, timber, and fish, and is also known for its spectacular mountains, rainforests, and coral reefs.

Tourism in Papua New Guinea: A Festive and Cultural Experience

Papua New Guinea, located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, is a country known for its diverse cultures, stunning landscapes, and vibrant festivals. As a cultural commentator and travel writer, I have had the opportunity to explore this beautiful country and witness its festive spirit firsthand. In this comprehensive tourist guide, I will take you on a journey through the unique tourist attractions, festive activities, and practical information for visiting Papua New Guinea.

Introducing the Festive Spirit

Papua New Guinea is a country that loves to celebrate. From traditional dances and music to colorful parades and feasts, the country is always alive with a sense of joy and communal spirit. The most popular time to visit is during the country’s Independence Day celebrations in September, where you can witness the country’s diverse cultures come together in a spectacular display of pride and unity.

Unique Tourist Attractions

Papua New Guinea is home to some of the most unique and diverse tourist attractions in the world. One of the must-visit places is the Kokoda Track, a 96-kilometer trek through the rugged terrain of the Owen Stanley Range. This track holds significant historical importance as it was the site of many battles during World War II.

Other popular attractions include Tufi Dive Resort, where you can explore some of the world’s best diving spots, and Mount Hagen, which offers breathtaking views of the country’s highlands. For nature lovers, there are also several national parks and wildlife reserves to explore, such as Varirata National Park and Madang Wildlife Reserve.

Important Places

The capital city of Papua New Guinea is Port Moresby, which serves as a gateway for international visitors. It is also home to several important landmarks, such as the National Parliament House and the National Museum and Art Gallery. Other key tourist destinations include Lae, the country’s second-largest city, and the coastal town of Alotau, known for its beautiful beaches and traditional villages.

Activities

Papua New Guinea offers a wide range of activities for tourists to indulge in. From hiking and trekking to diving and snorkeling, there is something for everyone. For a unique cultural experience, visitors can participate in traditional dances and rituals or attend cultural festivals such as the Goroka Show, which showcases the country’s diverse cultures through music, dance, and art.

Infrastructure and Transportation

The public transportation system in Papua New Guinea is still developing, but there are several options for getting around. Taxis and buses are available in major cities, while domestic flights are the most efficient way to travel between different regions. It is recommended to book transportation in advance, especially during peak tourist seasons.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

If you are planning to visit Papua New Guinea, here is some important information to keep in mind:

Visa Requirements

All foreign visitors require a visa to enter Papua New Guinea. The visa application process can be done online or through a Papua New Guinea embassy or consulate. It is recommended to apply for a visa well in advance of your trip to avoid any delays.

Health and Safety

Papua New Guinea has some health risks, including malaria and dengue fever. It is essential to take necessary precautions before traveling, such as getting vaccinated and taking anti-malaria medication. It is also advisable to avoid drinking tap water and only consume bottled water.

When it comes to safety, it is best to stay vigilant, especially in urban areas. It is recommended to travel with a guide or in a group, and avoid walking alone at night.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Papua New Guinea is a country with diverse cultures and customs, and it is essential to respect and honor them. Some general etiquette tips include asking for permission before taking photos of people, dressing modestly when visiting traditional villages, and avoiding public displays of affection.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Papua New Guinea is the Papua New Guinean Kina (PGK). Credit cards are accepted in major cities and tourist areas, but it is always best to carry cash for smaller purchases. It is also advisable to exchange currency at banks or authorized money changers to avoid scams.

Festive Activities

Visiting Papua New Guinea during the festive season offers a unique opportunity to immerse yourself in the country’s traditions and culture. Here are some activities you can participate in:

Traditional Dances and Music

Traditional dances and music are an integral part of Papua New Guinea’s culture. During the festive season, you can witness these performances at various events and festivals. The dances often tell stories of the country’s history and legends, making them a must-see for any visitor.

Feasting on Local Cuisine

Food plays a significant role in Papua New Guinea’s celebrations, with traditional dishes such as roasted pig, seafood, and tropical fruits being served. Visitors can also try out local delicacies like sago worms and betel nut, which are considered traditional treats.

Attending Cultural Festivals

Papua New Guinea is home to over 800 different languages and cultures, making it a melting pot of diversity. Throughout the year, there are various cultural festivals that showcase these traditions through dance, music, art, and food. Some popular festivals include the Mount Hagen Cultural Show and the National Mask Festival.

Infrastructure and Transit

During the festive season, the public transportation system in Papua New Guinea can become crowded and hectic. Here are some tips for efficiently traversing the country:

Plan Ahead

It is essential to plan your travels in advance, especially during peak tourist seasons. Book transportation and accommodations early to avoid any last-minute hassles.

Use Domestic Flights

Domestic flights are the most efficient way to travel between different regions in Papua New Guinea. They may be more expensive than other forms of transportation, but they save time and provide a comfortable travel experience.

Consider Hiring a Guide

Hiring a guide or joining a tour group can make traveling in Papua New Guinea much more manageable. They can provide valuable insights into the country’s culture and history and help navigate through any language barriers.

Accommodation Options

Papua New Guinea offers a variety of accommodation options for tourists, ranging from luxury resorts to budget-friendly guesthouses. Here are some options to consider:

Luxury Resorts

For those looking for a luxurious stay, there are several high-end resorts and hotels in major cities like Port Moresby and Lae. These accommodations offer top-notch amenities and services, along with stunning views of the surrounding landscapes.

Budget-Friendly Guesthouses

For budget-conscious travelers, there are also many guesthouses and homestays available throughout the country. These accommodations provide a more authentic experience, allowing visitors to interact with locals and learn about their way of life.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Papua New Guinea is a treasure trove for unique souvenirs that embody the country’s culture. Here are some tips for shopping and finding the perfect souvenir:

Key Shopping Districts and Markets

Port Moresby, Lae, and Mount Hagen are some of the best places to shop for souvenirs in Papua New Guinea. You can find traditional arts and crafts, handmade jewelry, and local produce at markets such as Boroko Craft Market and Mount Hagen Market.

Unique Souvenirs

For a truly unique souvenir, look for traditional artifacts such as masks, carvings, and woven baskets. These items not only make for great decorations but also serve as a reminder of your trip to Papua New Guinea.

Technology and Connectivity

Staying connected while traveling in Papua New Guinea is essential, especially for emergencies and staying on top of travel plans. Here are some tips for staying connected:

Mobile Data and Wi-Fi

Mobile data and Wi-Fi are available in major cities and tourist areas. However, it is advisable to purchase a local SIM card with a data plan for better connectivity.

Useful Apps

There are several useful apps for travelers in Papua New Guinea, such as maps.me for navigation, Google Translate for language translation, and booking apps like Agoda or Airbnb for accommodation reservations.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Papua New Guinea is a paradise for eco-tourism and outdoor adventures. Here are some ways to experience the country’s natural beauty responsibly:

Eco-Friendly Travel Options

There are several eco-friendly travel options available in Papua New Guinea, such as staying in eco-lodges or participating in community-based tourism activities. These options support local communities and promote sustainable tourism practices.

Outdoor Activities

Hiking, trekking, diving, and snorkeling are just some of the outdoor activities available in Papua New Guinea. It is essential to follow responsible tourism practices, such as not littering and respecting the natural environment.

Local Festivals and Events

In addition to the major festivals and events, there are also smaller local festivals and events taking place around the country. These events provide a more intimate experience and offer a glimpse into the daily lives of the locals.

Practical Advice and Tips

Here are some practical tips for traveling to Papua New Guinea during the festive season:

Budgeting

It is essential to budget for your trip to Papua New Guinea, taking into account transportation, accommodation, food, and activities. It is also advisable to carry extra cash for emergencies.

Safety Tips

Always stay vigilant and aware of your surroundings, especially in urban areas. Avoid walking alone at night and do not carry large sums of money or valuable items with you.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

To make the most of your trip to Papua New Guinea, here is some additional information to keep in mind:

Country Events Schedule

The country’s Independence Day celebrations take place on September 16th every year. However, there are also various cultural festivals and events throughout the year. It is best to check the official tourism website for a comprehensive schedule.

Ticket Acquisition and Venue Locations

Tickets for major events can be purchased online or at designated ticket outlets. The venue locations for these events vary, so it is best to check beforehand.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Papua New Guinea is during the dry season from May to October. However, if you want to experience the festive spirit and cultural celebrations, September would be an ideal time.

Appropriate Attire

The climate in Papua New Guinea is tropical, so lightweight and breathable clothing is recommended. For festive occasions, it is best to dress modestly and respectfully, especially when visiting traditional villages.

Local Customs and Practices

To show respect for the local customs and practices, it is essential to familiarize yourself with them before your trip. Avoid any behavior that may be considered offensive or disrespectful.

Language Assistance

While English is the official language of Papua New Guinea, there are over 800 indigenous languages spoken in the country. Learning a few common phrases in the local language can help facilitate interaction with the locals.

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergencies, here are some vital contact numbers to keep on hand:

– Police: 112
– Fire: 110
– Ambulance: 111

In conclusion, Papua New Guinea offers a unique and culturally enriching experience for tourists. With its vibrant festivals, diverse attractions, and warm hospitality, it is a must-visit destination for anyone seeking a memorable travel experience. So pack your bags and get ready to immerse yourself in the festive spirit of this beautiful country

Papua New Guinea: A Country of Diversity and Rich Culture

Papua New Guinea is a country located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, occupying the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and numerous offshore islands. It is the world’s third-largest island country, with a total land area of 462,840 square kilometers. The country is known for its diverse landscapes, rich culture, and unique biodiversity. In this article, we will delve into the statistics and data that make Papua New Guinea a fascinating and unique country.

Population and Demographics

According to the latest estimates from the United Nations, Papua New Guinea has a population of approximately 8.9 million people. The population is made up of over 800 different ethnic groups, each with its own distinct language and culture. The three largest ethnic groups are the Papuans, Melanesians, and Austronesians.

The country has a relatively young population, with a median age of 23 years. The life expectancy at birth is around 64 years, which is lower than the global average. The population growth rate is also high at 2.2%, leading to a rapidly growing population.

Economy and Industries

Papua New Guinea’s economy is largely dependent on its abundant natural resources, including minerals, oil, gas, timber, and fisheries. It is the world’s third-largest producer of gold and has significant reserves of copper, silver, nickel, and cobalt.

The country’s GDP per capita is estimated at $3,400, making it one of the poorest countries in the Pacific region. However, the economy has been growing steadily in recent years due to increased investments in mining and agriculture.

Tourism and Culture

Papua New Guinea is home to some of the most diverse cultures in the world, with over 800 different languages spoken. The country’s rich cultural heritage is a major attraction for tourists, with traditional dance, art, and music being popular among visitors.

Tourism is a growing industry in Papua New Guinea, with the country receiving over 200,000 international visitors in 2019. The majority of tourists come from Australia, followed by China and the United States. The tourism industry contributes to the country’s economy and provides employment opportunities for many locals.

Education and Health

Education in Papua New Guinea is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 15. However, access to education is limited in rural areas, with only 50% of children attending primary school. The literacy rate in the country is estimated at 63%, with a significant gender gap favoring males.

The healthcare system in Papua New Guinea is underdeveloped, with limited access to quality healthcare services. The country has a high infant mortality rate of 44 deaths per 1,000 live births and a maternal mortality rate of 215 deaths per 100,000 live births. The government has been working to improve the healthcare system, but more efforts are needed to address the existing challenges.

Environmental Concerns

Papua New Guinea is home to some of the world’s most diverse and unique ecosystems, including rainforests, coral reefs, and mangroves. However, these ecosystems are under threat from deforestation, mining activities, and climate change.

According to the World Bank, Papua New Guinea has one of the highest rates of deforestation in the world, with an average loss of 1.4% of its forest cover annually. This poses a significant threat to the country’s biodiversity and contributes to global carbon emissions.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Papua New Guinea is a country of diversity and rich culture, with a rapidly growing population and a developing economy. While the country faces challenges in education, healthcare, and environmental conservation, it continues to attract tourists from all over the world with its unique cultural heritage and stunning natural landscapes. As the country continues to develop, it is crucial to balance economic growth with sustainable practices to preserve its rich cultural and environmental heritage for future generations.

Sources:

  • https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/png/overview
  • https://www.unicef.org/papuanewguinea/overview
  • https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/papua-new-guinea/
  • https://www.lonelyplanet.com/papua-new-guinea/background/other-features/a/nar/05e6b8a1-8f4c-4b7c-9c71-5d2a0b3a2c0e/362900
  • What is the capital of Papua New Guinea?
    The capital of Papua New Guinea is Port Moresby.
  • What is the official language of Papua New Guinea?
    The official languages of Papua New Guinea are English, Tok Pisin, and Hiri Motu.
  • What is the currency used in Papua New Guinea?
    The currency used in Papua New Guinea is the Papua New Guinean kina (PGK).
  • What is the population of Papua New Guinea?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Papua New Guinea is over 9 million.
  • What is the climate like in Papua New Guinea?
    Papua New Guinea has a tropical climate with high temperatures and humidity year-round. The country also experiences a wet and dry season.
  • What are some popular dishes in Papua New Guinea?
    Some popular dishes in Papua New Guinea include kokoda (a dish made with raw fish marinated in lime juice and coconut milk), mumu (a traditional feast cooked in an underground oven), and sago (a starch extracted from the sago palm).
  • What are some traditional music and songs in Papua New Guinea?
    Traditional music and songs in Papua New Guinea vary among different regions and ethnic groups. Some popular forms include string band music, bamboo flute music, and singing accompanied by drums and garamut (wooden slit drums).
  • Is it safe to travel to Papua New Guinea?
    While Papua New Guinea has a high crime rate, it is generally safe for tourists to visit as long as they take necessary precautions such as avoiding walking alone at night and staying aware of their surroundings.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Papua New Guinea?
    Most visitors to Papua New Guinea will need a visa, which can be obtained upon arrival at the airport or through an online application. It is important to check the visa requirements for your specific country before traveling.
  • What are some popular tourist attractions in Papua New Guinea?
    Some popular tourist attractions in Papua New Guinea include the Kokoda Track (a historic trek through the jungle), the Tufi Dive Resort (known for its world-class diving), and the Sepik River (famous for its traditional villages and art).
  • What is the time zone of Papua New Guinea?
    Papua New Guinea is in the GMT+10 time zone, which is 10 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time.
  • What is the electrical voltage in Papua New Guinea?
    The electrical voltage in Papua New Guinea is 240V, and the standard frequency is 50Hz. It is recommended to bring a universal adapter when traveling to Papua New Guinea.
  • What are some cultural customs and traditions in Papua New Guinea?
    Papua New Guinea has over 800 different ethnic groups, each with their own unique customs and traditions. Some common practices include traditional dance performances, elaborate face and body paint, and ceremonial rituals.
  • Is English widely spoken in Papua New Guinea?
    While English is one of the official languages of Papua New Guinea, it is not widely spoken outside of urban areas. Tok Pisin, a creole language, is more commonly used as a lingua franca among different ethnic groups.
  • What are some common modes of transportation in Papua New Guinea?
    In urban areas, taxis and buses are common forms of transportation. In rural areas, boats and small planes may be used to travel between islands or remote villages.
  • What is the healthcare system like in Papua New Guinea?
    The healthcare system in Papua New Guinea is limited, especially in rural areas. It is recommended to have comprehensive travel insurance that includes medical evacuation coverage when visiting the country.
  • What is the dress code in Papua New Guinea?
    While there is no strict dress code, it is important to dress modestly and respectfully when visiting villages or attending cultural events. In urban areas, casual Western-style clothing is acceptable.
  • What are some important safety tips for traveling in Papua New Guinea?
    Some important safety tips for traveling in Papua New Guinea include avoiding walking alone at night, staying aware of your surroundings, and not carrying large sums of money or valuable items.
  • Are there any health risks to be aware of when visiting Papua New Guinea?
    Some health risks to be aware of when visiting Papua New Guinea include malaria, dengue fever, and typhoid. It is recommended to consult a healthcare professional before traveling and take necessary precautions such as getting vaccinations and taking anti-malarial medication.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Papua New Guinea?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Papua New Guinea include traditional wood carvings, woven baskets and bags, and bilum (a type of string bag).
  • Is tipping expected in Papua New Guinea?
    Tipping is not expected in Papua New Guinea, but it is appreciated for exceptional service. Some restaurants and hotels may include a service charge in the bill.
  • What are some cultural taboos to be aware of when visiting Papua New Guinea?
    Some cultural taboos to be aware of when visiting Papua New Guinea include not touching someone's head (as it is considered sacred), not pointing with your finger, and not stepping over someone's legs or feet.
  • What is the legal drinking age in Papua New Guinea?
    The legal drinking age in Papua New Guinea is 18 years old.
  • What are some common forms of traditional medicine in Papua New Guinea?
    Some common forms of traditional medicine in Papua New Guinea include herbal remedies, acupuncture, and massage therapy.
  • What are some important phrases to know in Tok Pisin?
    Some important phrases to know in Tok Pisin include 'hello' (gutpela de), 'thank you' (tenkyu tru), and 'how are you?' (yu orait?).
  • Are there any festivals or celebrations in Papua New Guinea?
    Papua New Guinea has many festivals and celebrations throughout the year, including the National Mask Festival, the Goroka Show, and the Hiri Moale Festival.
  • What is the etiquette for greeting someone in Papua New Guinea?
    When greeting someone in Papua New Guinea, it is customary to shake hands and make eye contact. In more traditional settings, a slight bow may also be appropriate.
  • What is the legal system in Papua New Guinea?
    Papua New Guinea follows a common law legal system based on British law. However, traditional customary laws are still practiced in some areas of the country.
  • Are there any restrictions on photography in Papua New Guinea?
    It is always best to ask for permission before taking photos of people or their belongings. Some cultural sites and ceremonies may also have restrictions on photography.
  • What is the education system like in Papua New Guinea?
    The education system in Papua New Guinea is still developing, with a literacy rate of around 64%. Primary education is free and compulsory, but many children do not have access to secondary education.
  • What are some common forms of transportation in Port Moresby?
    In Port Moresby, the capital city, taxis and buses are the most common forms of transportation. However, traffic can be congested, so it is recommended to plan for extra travel time.
  • What are some popular outdoor activities in Papua New Guinea?
    Some popular outdoor activities in Papua New Guinea include hiking, snorkeling and diving, birdwatching, and visiting national parks and conservation areas.
  • What are some traditional sports in Papua New Guinea?
    Traditional sports in Papua New Guinea include canoe racing, tree climbing competitions, and tug-of-war contests.
  • What is the dress code for business meetings in Papua New Guinea?
    Business attire is generally expected for meetings in Papua New Guinea. Men should wear a suit and tie, while women should wear conservative business attire.
  • What are some important historical sites to visit in Papua New Guinea?
    Some important historical sites to visit in Papua New Guinea include the Bomana War Cemetery (the largest war cemetery in the Pacific), the Kokoda Track (a historic trek from World War II), and the National Museum and Art Gallery (which showcases the country's history and culture).

A Closer Look at Papua New Guinea - 巴布亚新几内亚

Papua New Guinea Flag

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea Formation Date

December 16, 1975

Papua New Guinea Capital Name

Port Moresby

Papua New Guinea Neighbours

  1. Indonesia Indonesia

Exploring Papua New Guinea

Discover the Fascinating Land of Papua New Guinea: A Cultural and Geographical Gem

Papua New Guinea, a country located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, is a land of rich cultural heritage, stunning natural beauty, and unique traditions. It is the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, with Indonesia occupying the western half. This tropical nation is known for its diverse landscapes, from rugged mountains to lush rainforests and pristine beaches. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I invite you to join me on a journey to explore this hidden gem of Oceania.

Key Takeaways:

  • Papua New Guinea is a country located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
  • It is the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, with Indonesia occupying the western half.
  • The country is known for its diverse landscapes, from rugged mountains to lush rainforests and pristine beaches.
  • Papua New Guinea has a rich cultural heritage and unique traditions.

Geography:

Papua New Guinea is situated just north of Australia and east of Indonesia. It is the world's third-largest island country, covering an area of 462,840 square kilometers. The country's terrain is characterized by rugged highlands, vast swamps, and low-lying coastal plains. It is home to several active volcanoes, including Mount Tavurvur and Mount Ulawun. The country's natural resources include gold, copper, oil, natural gas, timber, and fisheries. These resources play a significant role in the country's economy. Papua New Guinea has a tropical climate with high temperatures and humidity throughout the year. The wet season runs from December to March, while the dry season lasts from May to October. The country is prone to natural disasters, including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tropical cyclones.

Origin and History:

Papua New Guinea has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. The first inhabitants of the island were the Melanesian people, who arrived around 50,000 years ago. Over the centuries, various indigenous tribes developed their unique cultures and traditions. The country was colonized by the British in the 19th century and later became a German colony. After World War I, it was handed over to Australia as a mandate territory. Papua New Guinea gained its independence in 1975, becoming the world's newest nation at the time.

Government and Politics:

Papua New Guinea is a democratic country with a parliamentary system of government. The country is divided into 22 provinces and the National Capital District. The government is headed by a prime minister who is elected by the members of parliament. The country's foreign relations are focused on maintaining good relationships with its neighboring countries, as well as its former colonizers. Papua New Guinea also has close ties with other Pacific Island nations and is a member of the United Nations and the Commonwealth of Nations.

Commerce and Economy:

Papua New Guinea's economy is heavily reliant on its natural resources, with mining being the most significant contributor. Other important economic sectors include agriculture, forestry, and fisheries. The country also has a growing tourism industry, with visitors drawn to its stunning landscapes and unique culture. The official currency of Papua New Guinea is the kina, which is divided into 100 toea. The country's main trading partners include Australia, China, Japan, and Singapore.

Demographics:

Papua New Guinea has a population of approximately 9 million people, with over 800 different languages spoken. The majority of the population lives in rural areas, with a small percentage residing in urban centers. The country's population is ethnically diverse, with over 800 different indigenous groups. The largest ethnic groups include the Papuans, Melanesians, and Micronesians. Christianity is the dominant religion, followed by traditional indigenous beliefs.

Culture:

Papua New Guinea has a vibrant and diverse culture, with each indigenous group having its unique traditions and customs. The country is known for its intricate wood carvings, colorful masks, and traditional dances. Art plays an essential role in the country's culture, with many artists using natural materials to create stunning pieces. Music is also an integral part of Papua New Guinea's culture, with traditional instruments such as the bamboo flute and kundu drum being widely used. The country also celebrates numerous festivals throughout the year, including the famous Goroka Show and the Hagen Show.

Languages and Religion:

Papua New Guinea has over 800 different languages spoken, making it one of the most linguistically diverse countries in the world. The official languages are English, Tok Pisin (a creole language), and Hiri Motu. However, many indigenous languages are still widely spoken. Christianity is the dominant religion in Papua New Guinea, with over 95% of the population identifying as Christians. Other religions practiced include traditional indigenous beliefs and Islam.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

Papua New Guinea has a relatively low literacy rate of 64%, with education being a significant challenge due to the country's rugged terrain and remote communities. The education system is divided into primary, secondary, and tertiary levels, with primary education being compulsory. The country's healthcare system is also facing challenges due to its remote location and limited resources. However, efforts are being made to improve access to healthcare, with the government focusing on public health initiatives and building more medical facilities.

Sports and Recreation:

Rugby league is the most popular sport in Papua New Guinea, with the national team, the Kumuls, being highly regarded. The country has also produced several world-class athletes in sports such as weightlifting and boxing. Traditional sports such as canoe racing and spear throwing are also popular among indigenous communities. The country's diverse landscapes make it an ideal destination for outdoor activities such as hiking, diving, and bird watching. The Kokoda Track, a famous hiking trail, is a must-visit for adventure enthusiasts.

Tourism:

Papua New Guinea is a paradise for nature lovers, with its stunning landscapes and diverse wildlife. Some of the must-visit tourist attractions include the Kokoda Track, the Sepik River, and the Tufi Fjords. The country also has a rich cultural heritage, with many indigenous communities welcoming tourists to experience their way of life. Infrastructure and transportation in Papua New Guinea are still developing, but there are many options for getting around the country, including domestic flights, buses, and boats.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

Foreign visitors to Papua New Guinea must have a valid passport and visa to enter the country. Visa requirements vary depending on the visitor's nationality, so it is essential to check with the nearest Papua New Guinea embassy before traveling. Health and safety should also be a top priority when visiting Papua New Guinea. It is recommended to get vaccinations for diseases such as typhoid, hepatitis A and B, and malaria. It is also important to be aware of local customs and etiquette when interacting with indigenous communities.

Exact Details:

  • Visa requirements: Tourist visas are available upon arrival for most nationalities at Port Moresby's Jacksons International Airport. However, it is recommended to obtain a visa before traveling to avoid any delays or issues.
  • Health and safety: Malaria is prevalent in Papua New Guinea, so it is essential to take precautions such as using mosquito repellent and sleeping under a mosquito net. It is also recommended to drink bottled water and avoid eating street food.
  • Local customs and etiquette: When visiting indigenous communities, it is important to show respect by dressing modestly and asking for permission before taking photos.
  • Places to visit: Some must-visit places in Papua New Guinea include the capital city of Port Moresby, the Kokoda Track, and the Tufi Fjords.
  • Prices: The cost of living in Papua New Guinea can be quite high, especially in urban areas. However, there are budget-friendly options available for accommodation and transportation.

Quotes:

  • "Papua New Guinea is a nation of great cultural diversity." - Peter O'Neill
  • "We have a unique blend of traditional and modern cultures in Papua New Guinea." - Michael Somare
  • "Papua New Guinea is a country of great potential, both culturally and economically." - Julie Bishop

Summary:

Papua New Guinea is a land of stunning landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and unique traditions. Despite its challenges, the country has a bright future with its growing tourism industry and abundant natural resources. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I highly recommend adding Papua New Guinea to your list of must-visit destinations. With its warm and welcoming people, diverse culture, and breathtaking scenery, this hidden gem of Oceania will surely leave a lasting impression on any traveler.

Papua New Guinea Highest Point Name

Papua New Guinea's highest point is Mount Wilhelm at 4,509 meters (14,793 ft).

Papua New Guinea Capital Longitude

Port Moresby is the capital of Papua New Guinea and its longitude is 147.19° E.

Papua New Guinea Capital Latitude

Port Moresby -9.4438 Latitude

Papua New Guinea Official Languages

The official languages of Papua New Guinea are English, Tok Pisin, and Hiri Motu.

Papua New Guinea Ethnic Groups

The population of Papua New Guinea is made up of many different ethnic groups, including the Tolai, Wopkaimin, Urama, Mekeo, Kaluli, Waima, Menya, Fore, West Papuan, and Enga. The island population divided into over 800 distinct ethnic and language groups, with Melanesian being the majority. Other ethno-linguistic populations include Austronesian, Papuan, Negrito, and Southeast Asian. The majority of Papua New Guineans practice either Christianity or customary traditional beliefs. The country's official language is English, however, Neo-Melanesian and Tok Pisin (pidgin) are used as an important lingua franca. Other languages spoken in the region include Hiri Motu, sign language, and various indigenous languages, such as Kamano, Kuanua, Bilau, and Hua.

Papua New Guinea Religions

Christianity is the dominant religion in Papua New Guinea, accounting for approximately 96.6% of the total population. The majority of these Christians are Protestants of various denominations, while about one-third of the population is Roman Catholic. Other religions practiced in the region include various forms of traditional tribal beliefs, Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Many of the indigenous population continue to practice their traditional animistic beliefs alongside other religions.

Papua New Guinea Total Area

The total area of Papua New Guinea, including the islands of the Bismarck Archipelago and other outlying islands, is 462,840 square kilometers (178,706 sq mi).

Papua New Guinea Land Area

Papua New Guinea has a land area of 462,840 square kilometers (178,700 square miles).

Papua New Guinea Water Area

Total: 462,840 square kilometers (178,704 square miles) of which renewable water resources (internal and external) total 39.6 km3/year (9.6 km3/year internally) and 56.5 percent of this is used for agriculture.

Papua New Guinea Total Population

The total population of Papua New Guinea is 8,552,317 (as of July 2020).

Papua New Guinea Currency Name

Kina

Papua New Guinea Currency Code

PGK

Papua New Guinea Currency Symbol

Kina (PGK)

Papua New Guinea Time Zones

  • UTC+10:00

Papua New Guinea Standard Time (PNGT) is UTC+10. Daylight saving time is not observed in Papua New Guinea and the UTC offset remains the same throughout the year. Time is not shifted forward by 1 hour.

Papua New Guinea Calling Code

Papua New Guinea's country calling code is +675

Papua New Guinea Internet TLD

www.aveholidays.pg

How to Say "Papua New Guinea" In Different Languages?

English
Papua New Guinea (en-AU)
Chinese
巴布亚新几内亚 (zh-CN)
French
Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée (fr-FR)
German
Papua-Neuguinea (de-DE)
Greek
Παπούα Νέα Γουινέα (el-GR)
Hindi
पापुआ न्यू गिनी (hi-IN)
Indonesian
Papua Nugini (id-ID)
Hebrew
פפואה ניו גינאה (he-IL)
Italian
Papua Nuova Guinea (it-IT)
Japanese
パプアニューギニア (ja-JP)
Malay
Papua New Guinea (ms-MY)
Dutch
Papoea-Nieuw-Guinea (nl-NL)
Maori
Papua-Nui-Guineareo (mi- NZ)
Norwegian
Papua Ny-Guinea (nb-NO)
Tagalog
Papua Bagong Ginea (tl-PH)
Polish
Papua-Nowa Gwinea (pl-PL)
Romanian
Papua Noua Guinee (ro-RO)
Thai
ปาปัวนิวกินี (th-TH)
Spanish
Papúa Nueva Guinea (es-VE)

Papua New Guinea Popular Holidays

New Year's Day
1 January
Manus Province Day
20 January
Bougainville Restoration Day
21 January
National Children's Day
25 January
Romiturelkon Olgeta or President's Birthday
5 February
Santa Rita Ulapwilam
17 February
The Sepik Cultural Show
21 February
National Women's Day
8 March
Oro Province Day
14 March
National Notarial Day
22 March
Good Friday
3 April
Ukarumpa Day
4 April
Easter Saturday
4 April
Easter Sunday
5 April
Easter Monday
6 April
Morobe Province Day
17 April
ANZAC Day
25 April
Milne Bay Province Day
29 April
Labour Day
1 May
National Remembrance Day
4 May
East New Britain Province Day
6 May
Kasaoka Day
7 May
New Britain Province Day
3 June
West Sepik Province Day
17 July
Mt. Hagen Show
22 July
National Bel Isi Iera Day
23 July
Protection Day
2 August
National Youth Day
3 August
Doctor's Day
4 August
Enga Province Day
5 August
Tolai Day
8 August
Keremogo Day
8 August
Tuts Day
20 August
Mendi Show
29 August
Papua New Guinea Independence Day
16 September
Rabaul Day
23 September
National Flag Day
24 September
Central Province Day
28 September
National Unity Day
2 October
Hela Province Day
4 October
National Teachers' Day
5 October
Wahgi-Gewa
7 October
North Solomon Provincial Day
9 October
Gazelle District Day
12 October
All Saints Day
1 November
14 Points Day
5 November
Hill Tribe's Day
7 November
National Remembrance Week
8 November (14 November)
Madang Provincial Day
10 November
Sandaun Province Day
17 November
National Day of Thanksgiving
25 November
Kegsugl Day
26 November
Kokopo District Day
28 November
Buka Day
29 November
Christmas Day
25 December
Boxing Day
26 December

VERIFY COUNTRY DATA:
We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Papua New Guinea

National and Public Holidays in Papua New Guinea next days/week/month/year

International Day of the World’s Indigenous People

The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People is a United Nations sanctioned holiday celebrated annually on August 9. It marks the day the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted in 2007, recognizing the rights of tribal and clan societies worldwide. The day is used to celebrate the survival and cultural rich heritage of the world’s Indigenous People. Events, speeches, and educational activities are held worldwide.

National Repentance Day in Papua New Guinea

National Repentance Day in Papua New Guinea is a religious holiday that recognizes the need to repent for past transgressions committed as a nation. It is a time for both communal and individual atonement. Prayers are said in churches nationwide and public events of repentance are held in both urban and rural areas. Repentance is both a sorrowful expression of guilt, and an expression of hope for God's forgiveness. Repentance is a necessary part of moving forward into the future with a truly clean slate. It is truly a time for redemption and healing.

Day off for Independence Day in Papua New Guinea

Today is a special day for the citizens of Papua New Guinea as they celebrate the country's Independence Day. The people of Papua New Guinea commemorate this day by proudly flying the PNG Flag and wearing traditional clothing. On this very day, forty-three years ago, the nation declared their independence from the United Kingdom.

Independence Day in Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea celebrates Independence Day on September 16. The holiday marks the day in 1975 when the country became independent from Australia, officially forming the independent nation of Papua New Guinea. The day is celebrated across the country with parades, traditional ceremonies, and fireworks displays. The occasion is marked with enthusiasm, with citizens of all backgrounds and ethnicities proudly waving flags and celebrating their new found freedom.

Christmas Day in Papua New Guinea

Experience the unique blend of traditional Melanesian celebrations and modern festivities on Christmas Day in Papua New Guinea. This national holiday is a feast for the senses with colorful parades, lively music and dance performances, and mouth-watering feasts featuring local delicacies. Immerse yourself in the vibrant culture of this tropical island paradise.

Boxing Day in Papua New Guinea

"Experience the rich culture and vibrant energy of Papua New Guinea on Boxing Day, a national holiday commemorating the country's diversity and resilience. Immerse yourself in traditional festivities, sample local cuisine, and witness breathtaking rituals. This is a once-in-a-lifetime observance that will leave a lasting impression."

New Year’s Day

New Year's Day is celebrated on January 1 and marks the beginning of a new calendar year. It is a public holiday in many countries, including Canada, Australia, and the United States. Traditions include fireworks, parade, and special meals, along with family gatherings and often resolutions for a fresh start. People observe the holiday by counting down the seconds to midnight, watching the ball drop in Times Square, and celebrating with friends and family. To many, the holiday symbolizes a time of renewal, reflection, and hope for the future.

New Year’s Day in Papua New Guinea

"Immerse yourself in the vibrant festivities and rich cultural traditions of Papua New Guinea's National Day, a public holiday celebrating the country's independence. From colorful parades to traditional dances and mouthwatering feasts, this observance is the perfect way to kick off a new year in this diverse and captivating nation."

Saint Valentine’s Day 2024

Valentine's Day is a celebration of love and romance. It is celebrated on February 14 each year with cards, treats, and gifts shared among lovers. It is a traditional holiday with many customs. Popular activities include sending cards, making homemade gifts, and decorating. Restaurants and stores often offer sweet treats and special gifts. It is the perfect day for couples to spend time together and show their love for one another.

Day off for National Remembrance Day In Memory of Late Grand Chief Sir Michael Somare in Papua New Guinea

On this observance of National Remembrance Day, Papua New Guinea pays tribute to the late Grand Chief Sir Michael Somare. This national holiday is a chance to reflect on his legacy as a cultural icon and first Prime Minister of an independent PNG. A day of remembrance and celebration in honor of a great leader.

Upcoming Festivals in Papua New Guinea

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Leap Day in United States of America

Celebrate the extra day of the year in style with Leap Day in the United States of America! This unique observance allows for an additional 24 hours of exploration, making it the perfect time to discover hidden gems and indulge in local traditions. Don't miss out on this special national holiday.

Independence Day in Bangladesh

Independence Day is a government holiday in Bangladesh

Easter Sunday in Switzerland

"Easter Sunday in Switzerland is a delightful blend of festive traditions and stunning alpine scenery. From charming processions and colorful markets, to indulging in delicious chocolate eggs and hiking in the Swiss Alps, this national observance holiday offers a unique cultural experience that will leave visitors in awe."

Easter Sunday in Ecuador

Observance: Experience the vibrant culture and rich traditions of Ecuador on Easter Sunday. Join in the colorful processions and witness the unique blend of Catholic and indigenous beliefs. Explore the beautiful landscapes and indulge in traditional delicacies. A truly enchanting holiday for every traveler.

Easter Sunday in Luxembourg

"Easter Sunday in Luxembourg, a national holiday filled with vibrant traditions and lively celebrations. From the colorful Easter markets to the famous egg hunts, this festive occasion brings the whole community together in a spirit of joy and renewal. A must-visit for anyone looking to immerse themselves in Luxembourg's rich culture and traditions."

Easter Sunday in Slovakia

"Easter Sunday in Slovakia is a beautiful celebration of both religious and cultural traditions. The country comes alive with colorful processions, traditional folk music, and delectable Easter dishes. From the stunning architecture of Bratislava to the quaint villages in the countryside, this observance is a must-see for any traveler seeking an authentic cultural experience." (50 words)

Easter Sunday in Uruguay

"Easter Sunday in Uruguay is a vibrant celebration of faith and culture. From the bustling streets of Montevideo to the tranquil beach towns, the nation comes alive with processions, colorful decorations, and traditional food. Immerse yourself in the local customs and take part in this national holiday that embodies the spirit of Uruguay." (observance)

Easter Sunday in Estonia

Easter Sunday in Estonia is a festive national holiday filled with colorful traditions and local cuisine. From egg painting and traditional church services to indulging in delicious Easter bread and smoked ham, this observance is a must-visit to experience the authentic culture of Estonia.

Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau

"Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau is a vibrant celebration filled with colorful processions, traditional music, and joyful feasts. As a national holiday, it is deeply rooted in the country's rich cultural heritage and serves as a time for families and communities to come together in unity and celebration."

Easter Sunday in Sweden

"Easter Sunday in Sweden is a vibrant celebration of spring's arrival, filled with colorful traditions and mouth-watering feasts. As a national holiday, families gather to decorate eggs, indulge in delicious sweets, and revel in the joyous atmosphere of rebirth and renewal. A must-visit for those seeking a cultural and culinary immersion in Sweden."

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