Republic of China (Taiwan)

The Republic of China (Taiwan) is an island nation located in East Asia. It is a vibrant democracy and boasts some of the world’s most advanced technology. Taiwan has a rich cultural heritage, and its population of nearly 23 million people is overwhelmingly Han Chinese. Its thriving economy is based on exports, and its high levels of education and expertise make it an international leader in many areas.

Tourism in Republic of China (Taiwan): A Comprehensive Guide

The Republic of China (Taiwan) is a vibrant and diverse country, known for its rich culture, breathtaking scenery, and bustling cities. With a festive spirit that permeates throughout the year, Taiwan is a popular destination for tourists from all over the world. From its unique tourist attractions to its efficient infrastructure and transportation systems, Taiwan has something for every type of traveler. In this guide, we will explore the best places to visit, activities to do, and practical tips for traveling in Taiwan.

Tourism Overview

The festive spirit in Taiwan is infectious, with locals and tourists alike coming together to celebrate various cultural events and festivals. The ambiance is one of joy and community, making it an ideal time to visit this beautiful country. Some of the most popular festivals during this time include the Lantern Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, and the Mid-Autumn Festival.

When it comes to tourist attractions, Taiwan has plenty to offer. From the bustling capital city of Taipei to the scenic Sun Moon Lake and the stunning Taroko Gorge, there is no shortage of places to visit in this country. The National Palace Museum, Jiufen Old Street, and Kenting National Park are also must-see destinations for any traveler.

Important Places

Taipei 101 is a landmark skyscraper that offers stunning views of the city and is a must-visit for any tourist. The Shilin Night Market is a popular spot for foodies and shopping enthusiasts, while the Yehliu Geopark is a unique geological wonder that cannot be missed. For those looking to immerse themselves in Taiwanese culture, a visit to the traditional villages of Sanyi and Lugang is highly recommended.


There are plenty of activities for tourists to indulge in during their visit to Taiwan. Hiking enthusiasts can explore the many trails in Taroko Gorge or hike up the iconic Elephant Mountain for a stunning view of Taipei. Food lovers can take part in a cooking class to learn how to make traditional Taiwanese dishes, while adventure seekers can try their hand at paragliding or river rafting.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Taiwan has an efficient and well-connected public transportation system, making it easy for tourists to get around. The high-speed rail network connects major cities, while the MRT (metro) system is a convenient way to travel within cities. Buses and taxis are also readily available. For those looking for a more unique experience, renting a bike is a great way to explore the country at your own pace.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

Most foreign visitors do not require a visa to enter Taiwan for stays of up to 90 days. However, it is recommended to check with the nearest Taiwanese embassy or consulate for the most up-to-date information. Visitors must have a valid passport with at least six months remaining before expiration and proof of onward travel.

Health and Safety

Taiwan is generally a safe country for tourists, but it is always important to take precautions while traveling. It is recommended to have travel insurance and to be up-to-date on routine vaccinations. It is also advisable to carry any necessary medication with you as some may not be readily available in Taiwan. As with any destination, it is important to be aware of your surroundings and take necessary safety measures.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Taiwanese culture is deeply rooted in Confucianism, and there are certain customs and etiquette that visitors should be aware of. It is important to be respectful and avoid causing offense. For example, it is considered impolite to point with your finger, so use an open hand instead. It is also customary to remove your shoes when entering someone’s home. Learning a few basic phrases in Mandarin Chinese can also go a long way in showing respect to the locals.

Currency and Payment Methods

The currency used in Taiwan is the New Taiwan Dollar (NTD). Credit cards are widely accepted in major cities, but it is always a good idea to carry some cash for smaller purchases. ATMs are readily available, and many accept international cards. It is also common for vendors at markets and street stalls to only accept cash, so it is advisable to have some on hand.

Festive Activities

Taiwan’s festivals are a unique blend of traditional customs and modern celebrations. The Lantern Festival, held on the 15th day of the Lunar New Year, is a spectacular sight with thousands of colorful lanterns lighting up the sky. The Dragon Boat Festival, held in June, features dragon boat races and traditional rice dumplings. During the Mid-Autumn Festival, families come together to admire the full moon and enjoy mooncakes.

To truly immerse yourself in Taiwanese culture during these festivals, try your hand at making lanterns or rice dumplings, or join in on a dragon boat race. These activities not only provide a fun experience but also offer a deeper understanding of the country’s traditions and customs.

Infrastructure & Transit

With an increase in tourism during festive seasons, Taiwan’s public transportation system may experience some delays or overcrowding. It is advisable to plan your itinerary in advance and allow for extra time when traveling. The high-speed rail and MRT systems are still the most efficient ways to travel, but it may be worth considering alternative routes or modes of transportation during peak times.

For those looking to explore the country outside of major cities, renting a car or hiring a private driver may be a more convenient option. This allows for more flexibility in your itinerary and avoids the hassle of navigating public transportation in less touristy areas.

Accommodation Options

Taiwan offers a range of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference. Luxury hotels can be found in major cities, while budget-friendly hostels and guesthouses are popular among backpackers. For a unique experience, consider staying in a traditional Taiwanese homestay or a temple stay. These accommodations not only provide comfortable lodging but also offer a glimpse into local life and culture.

During festive seasons, it is important to book accommodations in advance as they tend to fill up quickly. It is also worth considering the location of your accommodation in relation to the events and activities you plan on attending. Staying near major tourist attractions or public transportation hubs can save time and make traveling more convenient.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Taiwan is known for its bustling night markets and shopping districts, making it a shopper’s paradise. The Shilin Night Market in Taipei is a must-visit for food and souvenir shopping, while the Raohe Street Night Market offers a more local experience. The Ximending district is also popular for its trendy shops and street performances.

For unique souvenirs that embody Taiwanese culture, consider visiting traditional craft markets such as the Jianguo Holiday Jade Market or the Yingge Ceramics Old Street. These markets offer handcrafted items that make for great gifts or keepsakes.

Technology and Connectivity

Staying connected while traveling in Taiwan is easy, with Wi-Fi readily available in most public places. Many hotels and hostels also offer free Wi-Fi for guests. For those who need constant connectivity, purchasing a local SIM card is a convenient option. Major cities also have 4G coverage, making it easy to use navigation apps or make online bookings.

Some recommended apps for travelers in Taiwan include Google Maps for navigation, Google Translate for language translation, and KKday for booking activities and events. It is also worth downloading the Taipei Metro app for easy navigation on the MRT system.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Taiwan’s stunning natural landscapes make it a perfect destination for eco-tourism and outdoor adventures. From hiking and biking to birdwatching and river rafting, there are plenty of activities to choose from. The country is also home to several national parks, including Kenting National Park, which offers a diverse range of flora and fauna.

To promote responsible tourism practices, it is important to be mindful of the environment while participating in outdoor activities. This includes properly disposing of waste and respecting wildlife habitats.

Local Festivals and Events

In addition to the major festivals mentioned earlier, there are many smaller local festivals and events that take place throughout the year in Taiwan. These include religious ceremonies, cultural celebrations, and food festivals. Attending these events not only provides a unique experience but also allows for a deeper understanding of Taiwanese culture.

Practical Advice and Tips

When planning your trip to Taiwan during festive seasons, it is important to budget accordingly as prices for accommodations and activities may be higher than usual. It is also advisable to book tickets for events and activities in advance to avoid disappointment.

As with any destination, it is important to be aware of your surroundings and take necessary safety precautions. It is also recommended to carry a copy of your passport and important documents with you at all times. In case of emergencies, it is helpful to have a list of emergency contact numbers, including the local police and hospital.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

If you are planning a trip to Taiwan during festive seasons, here are some key things to keep in mind:

  • Check visa requirements and apply for a visa if necessary.
  • Plan your itinerary in advance and book accommodations and tickets for events/activities.
  • Be aware of cultural customs and etiquette.
  • Carry local currency for smaller purchases.
  • Stay connected with Wi-Fi or a local SIM card.
  • Consider alternative modes of transportation during peak seasons.
  • Be mindful of the environment while participating in outdoor activities.
  • Attend local festivals and events for a deeper understanding of Taiwanese culture.
  • Budget accordingly and take necessary safety precautions.

Taiwan is a country that truly comes alive during festive seasons. With its unique culture, breathtaking scenery, and welcoming locals, it is a must-visit destination for any traveler. By following this comprehensive guide, you can make the most out of your trip to Taiwan and create unforgettable memories. Happy travels!

The Republic of China (Taiwan): A Country of Vibrant Statistics and Data

Taiwan, officially known as the Republic of China (ROC), is an island nation located in East Asia. It is a small country with a population of approximately 23.8 million people and covers an area of 36,193 square kilometers. Despite its small size, Taiwan is a country rich in culture, history, and economic development. In this article, we will explore the various statistics and data that make Taiwan a unique and thriving nation.

Population and Demographics

As mentioned earlier, Taiwan has a population of 23.8 million people, making it the 54th most populous country in the world. The majority of the population (98%) are of Han Chinese ethnicity, with the remaining 2% belonging to indigenous groups. Mandarin Chinese is the official language, but Taiwanese Hokkien, Hakka, and indigenous languages are also spoken.

Taiwan has a high population density of 656 people per square kilometer, which is one of the highest in the world. The country’s capital city, Taipei, is also its largest city with a population of over 2.7 million people.

Economy and Trade

Taiwan has a highly developed market economy that ranks as the 22nd largest in the world by nominal GDP. Its economy is driven by exports, particularly in electronics and machinery. In fact, Taiwan is known as one of the “Four Asian Tigers,” along with South Korea, Hong Kong, and Singapore, due to its rapid economic growth in the second half of the 20th century.

The country’s top exports include integrated circuits, computers, refined petroleum, and office machine parts. Its main trading partners are China, Hong Kong, the United States, Japan, and South Korea.

Education and Healthcare

Taiwan has a well-developed education system, with a literacy rate of 98.5%. The country’s education system is based on the American model, and it has a high enrollment rate in both primary and secondary education. Taiwan also has a high number of tertiary education institutions, including top-ranked universities such as National Taiwan University and National Tsing Hua University.

Healthcare in Taiwan is universal and affordable, with a national health insurance program that covers over 99% of the population. The country has a life expectancy of 80.7 years, which is one of the highest in the world.

Tourism and Culture

Taiwan has a rich cultural heritage that is influenced by Chinese, Japanese, and indigenous cultures. Its traditional festivals, such as the Lantern Festival and Dragon Boat Festival, attract many tourists each year. The country is also known for its vibrant night markets, street food, and beautiful natural landscapes.

In 2019, Taiwan welcomed over 11 million international visitors, with the majority coming from China, Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong, and the United States. The tourism industry contributes significantly to the country’s economy, generating over $16 billion in revenue.

Environmental Sustainability

Taiwan is committed to environmental sustainability and has made significant progress in recent years. The country has implemented various policies and initiatives to reduce carbon emissions and promote renewable energy sources. In fact, Taiwan ranks 2nd in Asia for renewable energy investment and 5th globally for solar panel production.

Additionally, Taiwan has been recognized for its efforts in waste management, with a recycling rate of over 50%. The government has also implemented a plastic ban on single-use items, such as straws and plastic bags, to reduce plastic pollution.


Taiwan is a country with a dynamic and diverse culture, a strong economy, and a commitment to sustainability. Its statistics and data showcase its progress and development in various aspects, making it a unique and fascinating nation. As Taiwan continues to grow and thrive, it will undoubtedly make even more impressive strides in the future.


  • What is the official name of Taiwan?
    The official name of Taiwan is the Republic of China.
  • What is the capital city of Taiwan?
    The capital city of Taiwan is Taipei.
  • What is the population of Taiwan?
    As of 2021, the population of Taiwan is approximately 23.57 million people.
  • What is the currency used in Taiwan?
    The currency used in Taiwan is the New Taiwan dollar (NT$).
  • What are the official languages of Taiwan?
    The official languages of Taiwan are Mandarin Chinese and Taiwanese Hokkien.
  • Is Taiwan a part of China?
    Taiwan considers itself as a separate country from China, but China claims it as a part of its territory.
  • What is the climate like in Taiwan?
    Taiwan has a subtropical climate with hot and humid summers and mild winters.
  • What are some popular dishes in Taiwan?
    Some popular dishes in Taiwan include beef noodle soup, bubble tea, oyster omelette, and stinky tofu.
  • What is the national dish of Taiwan?
    The national dish of Taiwan is beef noodle soup.
  • What are some traditional Taiwanese desserts?
    Some traditional Taiwanese desserts include pineapple cake, taro balls, and shaved ice with fruit and condensed milk.
  • What are some popular Taiwanese drinks?
    Some popular Taiwanese drinks include bubble tea, pearl milk tea, and fruit juices.
  • What are some traditional Taiwanese festivals and celebrations?
    Some traditional Taiwanese festivals and celebrations include Lunar New Year, Dragon Boat Festival, and Mid-Autumn Festival.
  • What is the most popular form of music in Taiwan?
    The most popular form of music in Taiwan is Mandopop, which is Mandarin Chinese pop music.
  • Who are some famous Taiwanese musicians?
    Some famous Taiwanese musicians include Jay Chou, Jolin Tsai, and A-mei.
  • What are some traditional Taiwanese musical instruments?
    Some traditional Taiwanese musical instruments include the erhu, guzheng, and dizi.
  • What are some must-visit tourist destinations in Taiwan?
    Some must-visit tourist destinations in Taiwan include Taipei 101, Taroko Gorge, and Sun Moon Lake.
  • What is the best time of year to visit Taiwan?
    The best time of year to visit Taiwan is during the spring (March to May) or fall (September to November) when the weather is mild and comfortable.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Taiwan?
    It depends on your nationality. Some countries are eligible for visa-exempt entry while others require a visa. It is best to check with the nearest Taiwanese embassy or consulate for specific requirements.
  • What is the transportation system like in Taiwan?
    Taiwan has a well-developed transportation system, including high-speed trains, buses, and a metro system in major cities. Taxis and rental cars are also available.
  • What is the voltage used in Taiwan?
    The voltage used in Taiwan is 110V, and the frequency is 60Hz. It is recommended to bring a universal adapter for electronics.
  • What are some cultural customs and etiquette to be aware of in Taiwan?
    Some cultural customs and etiquette to be aware of in Taiwan include removing shoes before entering a home, using both hands when giving and receiving items, and avoiding pointing with your index finger.
  • What is the emergency number in Taiwan?
    The emergency number in Taiwan is 119 for fire and ambulance, and 110 for police.
  • Is it safe to drink tap water in Taiwan?
    Yes, it is safe to drink tap water in Taiwan. However, many locals prefer to drink bottled water.
  • What are some popular outdoor activities in Taiwan?
    Some popular outdoor activities in Taiwan include hiking, cycling, and surfing.
  • What are some traditional Taiwanese crafts and souvenirs?
    Some traditional Taiwanese crafts and souvenirs include handmade paper umbrellas, ceramic teapots, and woodcarvings.
  • What is the time zone of Taiwan?
    Taiwan Standard Time (TST) is UTC+08:00.
  • What is the country code for Taiwan?
    The country code for Taiwan is +886.
  • What is the internet access like in Taiwan?
    Internet access in Taiwan is widely available, with many free public Wi-Fi hotspots and high-speed internet connections.
  • Are credit cards widely accepted in Taiwan?
    Yes, credit cards are widely accepted in Taiwan. However, it is always recommended to have cash on hand for smaller purchases or when visiting more rural areas.
  • What is the tipping culture like in Taiwan?
    Tipping is not expected or necessary in Taiwan. Some upscale restaurants may add a service charge to the bill.
  • What are some common modes of greeting in Taiwan?
    Some common modes of greeting in Taiwan include a handshake or a slight bow. It is also polite to address someone by their title and last name.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to bring back from Taiwan?
    Some popular souvenirs to bring back from Taiwan include pineapple cakes, tea, and Taiwanese snacks.
  • What are some common modes of transportation for tourists in Taiwan?
    Some common modes of transportation for tourists in Taiwan include taxis, buses, and rental cars. Many tourists also choose to join organized tours or use public transportation such as the metro or high-speed trains.
  • What is the dress code like in Taiwan?
    The dress code in Taiwan is generally casual, but it is recommended to dress modestly when visiting temples or other religious sites.
  • What are some popular night markets in Taiwan?
    Some popular night markets in Taiwan include Shilin Night Market in Taipei, Fengjia Night Market in Taichung, and Liuhe Night Market in Kaohsiung.
  • What are some traditional Taiwanese breakfast foods?
    Some traditional Taiwanese breakfast foods include soy milk, youtiao (fried dough sticks), and scallion pancakes.
  • What is the legal drinking age in Taiwan?
    The legal drinking age in Taiwan is 18 years old.
  • Are there any cultural taboos or sensitive topics to avoid in Taiwan?
    Some cultural taboos or sensitive topics to avoid in Taiwan include discussing politics or the relationship with China, as well as pointing out someone's mistakes or failures publicly.

A Closer Look at Republic of China (Taiwan)

Republic of China (Taiwan) Flag

Republic of China (Taiwan)

Republic of China (Taiwan) Formation Date

January 1, 1912

Republic of China (Taiwan) Capital Name


Republic of China (Taiwan) Neighbours

  1. Japan Japan
  2. Philippines Philippines
  3. Vietnam Vietnam

Exploring Republic of China (Taiwan)

Republic of China (Taiwan): A Cultural and Geographical Gem

Taiwan, officially known as the Republic of China, is an island nation located in East Asia. It is situated in the western Pacific Ocean, approximately 180 kilometers off the southeastern coast of mainland China. With a population of over 23 million people, Taiwan is a bustling and diverse country with a rich history and vibrant culture. Let's take a closer look at this fascinating nation and all it has to offer.

Key Takeaways:

  • Taiwan is an island nation located in East Asia, with a population of over 23 million people.
  • The country has a rich history and vibrant culture, influenced by its geographical location and diverse population.
  • Taiwan's economy is driven by various sectors such as technology, manufacturing, and tourism.
  • The country has a strong education system and provides universal healthcare for its citizens.
  • Taiwan is a popular tourist destination, known for its natural beauty, cultural attractions, and delicious cuisine.


Taiwan is an island nation with a total land area of 36,193 square kilometers. It is surrounded by the Taiwan Strait to the west, the Philippine Sea to the east, and the South China Sea to the south. The country's terrain is mostly mountainous, with over two-thirds of its land covered by rugged mountains. The highest peak is Mount Yu Shan, standing at 3,952 meters tall.

Taiwan is rich in natural resources, including coal, natural gas, and timber. Its fertile land also allows for agriculture to thrive, with rice being the main crop. The country's climate is subtropical, with hot and humid summers and mild winters. It is also prone to typhoons and earthquakes due to its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire.

Origin and History:

The history of Taiwan dates back to 10,000 BC when Austronesian tribes first settled on the island. Throughout the centuries, Taiwan has been ruled by various empires and dynasties, including the Dutch, Spanish, and Japanese. In 1949, after the Chinese Civil War, the Republic of China government relocated to Taiwan from mainland China.

Taiwan's modern history has been marked by economic growth and political developments. It has transformed from an agricultural-based economy to a major player in the global technology industry. Today, Taiwan is a democratic nation with a thriving economy and a unique blend of traditional and modern cultures.

Government and Politics:

Taiwan is a democratic country with a multi-party political system. The government is divided into five branches: the executive, legislative, judicial, examination, and control. The President is both the head of state and head of government, elected by popular vote for a four-year term.

Taiwan is divided into 22 administrative divisions, including six special municipalities, three provincial cities, 13 counties, and two provincial cities. The country also has diplomatic relations with 15 countries and maintains unofficial relations with many others.

Commerce and Economy:

Taiwan's economy is driven by various sectors such as technology, manufacturing, and tourism. It is one of the world's leading producers of semiconductors and electronic components. The country also has a strong manufacturing industry, producing products such as machinery, chemicals, and textiles.

Taiwan has strong trade relations with countries such as China, Japan, and the United States. Its currency is the New Taiwan Dollar (NTD), and the country has a high standard of living, with a low unemployment rate and a strong social welfare system.


Taiwan has a population of over 23 million people, with the majority being of Han Chinese ethnicity. The largest minority group is the indigenous Taiwanese, accounting for around 2% of the population. The official language is Mandarin Chinese, but many Taiwanese also speak Hokkien, Hakka, and indigenous languages.

The population is relatively young, with a median age of 41 years. Life expectancy is high, with an average of 80 years. Buddhism is the most practiced religion in Taiwan, followed by Taoism and Christianity.


Taiwanese culture is a unique blend of traditional Chinese customs and modern influences. The country's diverse population has also contributed to its vibrant and dynamic culture. Traditional art forms such as calligraphy, opera, and puppetry are still practiced today, alongside modern art and music.

Festivals and traditions play an essential role in Taiwanese culture. Some of the most popular festivals include the Lantern Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, and Mid-Autumn Festival. Taiwanese cuisine is also famous worldwide, with dishes such as beef noodle soup, bubble tea, and stinky tofu being must-tries for visitors.

Languages and Religion:

The official language of Taiwan is Mandarin Chinese, but there are also several regional dialects spoken throughout the country. These include Hokkien, Hakka, and indigenous languages such as Atayal and Paiwan.

Buddhism is the most practiced religion in Taiwan, with over 35% of the population identifying as Buddhist. Taoism and Christianity are also prevalent, with smaller percentages of the population practicing Islam and other religions.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

Taiwan has a well-developed education system, with a literacy rate of over 98%. The country has a compulsory education system that includes six years of primary school and three years of junior high school. Higher education is also highly valued in Taiwan, with many prestigious universities and colleges.

Taiwan's healthcare system is considered one of the best in the world, providing universal coverage for its citizens. The country has a high life expectancy and low infant mortality rate, thanks to its well-developed healthcare infrastructure and public health initiatives.

Sports and Recreation:

Sports play an essential role in Taiwanese culture, with baseball being the most popular sport. The country has also produced world-renowned athletes in sports such as badminton, weightlifting, and taekwondo. Hiking and cycling are also popular recreational activities, thanks to Taiwan's beautiful natural landscapes.


Taiwan is a popular tourist destination, known for its natural beauty, cultural attractions, and delicious cuisine. Some of the must-visit places include Taipei 101, Taroko Gorge National Park, Sun Moon Lake, and Kenting National Park. The country also has excellent infrastructure for tourists, including efficient transportation systems and a wide range of accommodations.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

Foreign visitors to Taiwan must have a valid passport and may need to obtain a visa before entering the country. The visa requirements vary depending on the visitor's nationality and the purpose of their visit. Taiwan has a low crime rate, making it a safe destination for travelers. However, it is essential to be aware of local customs and etiquette when visiting, such as showing respect to elders and avoiding public displays of affection.

The currency used in Taiwan is the New Taiwan Dollar (NTD), and most major credit cards are accepted. The country has a well-developed transportation system, including a high-speed rail network, buses, and taxis. Prices for accommodations, food, and activities vary depending on the location and season, but overall, Taiwan is an affordable destination for travelers.


"Taiwan is a vibrant democracy, an economic powerhouse, and a staunch ally of the United States." - Alex Azar

"Taiwan has shown how a free people can, with hard work and dedication, build a modern economy and create an open society." - George W. Bush

"Taiwan is the only place in the world where you can find Chinese culture and democracy coexisting." - Tsai Ing-wen


Taiwan is a unique and diverse country that offers visitors a glimpse into its rich history and vibrant culture. With its stunning natural landscapes, delicious cuisine, and friendly people, it is no wonder that Taiwan has become a popular tourist destination. As the country continues to develop and thrive, it will undoubtedly remain a must-visit destination for travelers from all over the world.

Republic of China (Taiwan) Highest Point Name

The highest point in Taiwan is Yu Shan (also known as Mount Jade or Mount Morrison), which has an elevation of 3,952 meters (12,966 feet) above sea level. It is located in Yushan National Park in the Central Mountain Range of the island.

Republic of China (Taiwan) Capital Longitude

121.5318° E

Republic of China (Taiwan) Capital Latitude

25.0478° N

Republic of China (Taiwan) Official Languages

The official languages of the Republic of China (Taiwan) are Mandarin Chinese and Taiwanese Hokkien. English, Hakka, and aboriginal languages are also used.

Republic of China (Taiwan) Ethnic Groups

The people of Taiwan are comprised of many different ethnicities. The majority of the population are Han Chinese, historically migrating from Fujian and Guangdong provinces during the Qing Dynasty, and are now known as the Taiwanese. Other ethnicities include mainland Chinese, aborigines, Hakka, Mainlanders, and other immigrant groups. Hakka people are ancestors of Han Chinese people who migrated from Central and Northern China, while Mainlanders are Chinese who came to Taiwan after the Chinese Civil War in 1949. Aborigines are the original inhabitants of Taiwan and are divided into 16 distinct tribes. Finally, other immigrant groups include the Dutch, Japanese, and Europeans. Taiwan is a highly diverse nation with many distinct ethnicities, each of which has unique cultural influences and practices.

Republic of China (Taiwan) Religions

The most prominent religions in the Republic of China (Taiwan) are Buddhism and Taoism, the two interrelated Chinese folk religions. About 35% of the population identify as adherent of one or both of the two. The proportion of the population subscribing to Christianity (both Catholic and Protestant) has risen in recent years and now stands at around 4%. About 4% of the population practices Confucianism, a philosophy originating from China which emphasizes personal and governmental morality and social order. Other religious groups in Taiwan include the various Chinese religions such as Maitreya, Xiantiandao, Guanyinism, and the Yorkister Union.

Republic of China (Taiwan) Total Area

The total area of the Republic of China (Taiwan) is 36,193 Square Kilometers (14,035 Square Miles).

Republic of China (Taiwan) Land Area

The total land area of the Republic of China (Taiwan) is 35,980 sq km.

Republic of China (Taiwan) Water Area

The Republic of China (Taiwan) is an island nation in East Asia, located in the western Pacific Ocean, and due to its location, has a large coastline. This coastline encompasses a total of about 1,566 km (about 970 mi) of water area, meaning the total area of water surrounding Taiwan is approximately 10,400 km2 (about 4,016 mi2).

Republic of China (Taiwan) Total Population

The population of the Republic of China (Taiwan) in July 2020 is estimated at 23,781,717 people.

Republic of China (Taiwan) Currency Name

New Taiwan dollar

Republic of China (Taiwan) Currency Code

Taiwan's official currency is the New Taiwan Dollar (TWD). Its ISO 4217 currency code is TWD.

Republic of China (Taiwan) Currency Symbol

The currency symbol for the Republic of China (Taiwan) is NT$ (New Taiwan Dollar).

Republic of China (Taiwan) Time Zones

  • UTC+08:00

The Republic of China (Taiwan) operates on a single time zone (Taiwan Standard Time, UTC+8) with no daylight savings time observed. This means that the time in Taiwan does not change over the course of the year and is 8 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

Republic of China (Taiwan) Calling Code

The country calling code for the Republic of China (Taiwan) is +886

Republic of China (Taiwan) Internet TLD

How to Say "Republic of China (Taiwan)" In Different Languages?

চীন প্রজাতন্ত্র (তাইওয়ান) (bn-BD)
República da China (Taiwan) (pt-BR)
République de Chine (Taïwan) (fr-FR)
Republik China (Taiwan) (de-DE)
Δημοκρατία της Κίνας (Ταϊβάν) (el-GR)
Republiek China (Taiwan) (nl-NL)
चीन का गणराज्य (ताइवान) (hi-IN)
רפובליקת סין (טייוואן) (he-IL)
Repubblica di Cina (Taiwan) (it-IT)
中華民国(台湾) (ja-JP)
중화민국(대만) (ko-KR)
República de China (Taiwán) (es-MX)
Orílẹ́ède Shínlá-Ìpín (Taiwan) (yo-NG)
Republika Chińska (Tajwan) (pl-PL)
República da China (Taiwan) (pt-PT)
Republica Chineză (Taiwan) (ro-RO)
Republiek van Sjina (Taiwan) (af-ZA)
República de China (Taiwán) (es-ES)
Republiken Kina (Taiwan) (sv-SE)
Республіка Китай (Тайвань) (uk-UA)

Republic of China (Taiwan) Popular Holidays

Taipei Hand Puppet Festival
5 January (7 January)
Chieh Fehstival
7 January
Ming Dynasty Founder's Day
7 January
Shuanglining Festival
30 January
Lunar New Year
12 February (16 February)
Pingxi Sky Lantern Festival
15 February (3 March)
Kaohsiung Lantern Festival
19 February (24 February)
Yanshui Beehive Rockets Festival
25 February
Peace Memorial Day
28 February
Taipei Men's Birthday
3 March
Jenchu Festival
17 March
Taipei Xinsheng Arts & Cultural Festival
22 March
Goddess of the Sea Festival
28 March (29 March)
Taipei Jazz Festival
30 March (2 April)
Ching Ming Festival
4 April (6 April)
Children's Day
4 April
Tomb Sweeping Day
5 April
6 April
Sanying Houdian Festival
8 April (14 April)
Tainan Mazu Lantern Festival
10 April (12 April)
12 April (13 April)
Chungyou Festival
25 April
May Day
1 May (3 May)
Labour Day
1 May
Lenggong Festival
2 May
Buddha's Birthday
6 May
Yushui Festival
8 May
Mother's Day
8 May
Beicui Festival
21 May
Douhuan Festival
28 May
Hope Festival
31 May (1 June)
Tuen Ng Festival
5 June
Dragon Boat Festival
14 June (16 June)
Double Seventh Festival
7 July
All Souls' Day
27 July
Glove Puppet Festival
10 August
Taipei Women's Birthday
12 August
Han Jade Festival
13 August
Father's Day
20 August
Liyuan Festival
20 August
Harvest Festival
24 August
Sijhu Festival
25 August
Armed Forces Day
3 September
Taipei Film Festival
6 September (15 September)
Double Nine Festival
9 September
Mid-Autumn Festival
13 September (15 September)
Birthday of Confucius
28 September
Civil Servant's Day
5 October
Guandongding Festival
9 October
Double Tenth Day
10 October
National Day
10 October
Yehliu Festival
14 October
Flag Day
28 October
Lukang Longshen Festival
2 November (4 November)
Mayor & Chief Executive Election
11 November
Crossing Festival
14 November (16 November)
Taipei International Flora Exposition
30 November (22 April)
Winter Solstice
22 December
Jinzai Festival
24 December
Individual Day
25 December

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Upcoming Holidays in Republic of China (Taiwan)

National and Public Holidays in Republic of China (Taiwan) next days/week/month/year

Easter Sunday in Taiwan

"Easter Sunday in Taiwan is a festive celebration that beautifully blends traditional customs with modern flair. From the vibrant parades and elaborate street performances to the colorful markets selling traditional delicacies, this national holiday offers a unique cultural experience that should not be missed. Join in the jubilation and immerse yourself in the rich Taiwanese traditions during this joyous occasion."

Chinese Valentine’s Day in Taiwan

"Experience the romantic fusion of Chinese and Taiwanese culture on the enchanting holiday of Chinese Valentine's Day in Taiwan. From traditional love rituals to modern celebrations, immerse yourself in the rich history and vibrant festivities of this observance, celebrated by couples across the island."

Armed Forces Day in Taiwan

Armed Forces Day in Taiwan is a national holiday celebrated annually on September 3. It honors members of the nation’s military who have fought to defend Taiwan’s sovereignty. Celebrations include salutes to fallen heroes, military parades and flyovers, and activities in remembrance of the nation’s protective forces.

Mid-Autumn Festival in Taiwan

Greetings friends and family. It is my pleasure to welcome you to Taiwan in celebration of their Mid-Autumn Festival. As you know, this is a special time for the people of Taiwan, when they gather to share in the joy of the harvest and celebrate the rich culture of the island. Mid-Autumn Festival is a national holiday in Taiwan.

Teachers’ Day in Taiwan

Happy Teachers' Day to all the teachers across Taiwan! Today marks a special day to celebrate the brilliance, knowledge and hard work of the teachers in Taiwan. Every year on this day Taiwanese people thank their teachers for their contribution in teaching us all the invaluable lessons of life. It's a day to recognize the teachers for the tremendous amount of service their profession demands. Teachers' Day is a observance in Taiwan.

Mid-Autumn Festival Holiday in Taiwan

Mid-Autumn Festival Holiday is a national holiday in Taiwan

National Day Holiday in Taiwan

National Day Holiday is a national holiday in Taiwan

National Day observed in Taiwan

National Day is a national holiday in Taiwan

National Day in Taiwan

National Day is a national holiday in Taiwan

Double Ninth Day in Taiwan

Double Ninth Day, one of Taiwan's most widely celebrated festivals, is a joyous event of life and growth. It is a day of appreciation and honoring our ancestors, while expressing a strong sense of community and belonging. The festival is a fun and vibrant celebration of literature, music and food, and is widely celebrated throughout the entire country of Taiwan. Double Ninth Day is a observance in Taiwan.

Upcoming Festivals in Republic of China (Taiwan)

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Chinese Valentine’s Day

Chinese Valentine's Day (Qixi Festival) is celebrated on the 7th day of the 7th month of the Chinese lunar calendar. It celebrates the annual meeting of the cowherd and weaver girl in Chinese folklore. This is celebrated with romantic customs such as exchanging gifts and prayers for love and marital bliss.

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