Nepal is a landlocked country situated in South Asia, bordered by India and China. It is a multi-ethnic, multi-lingual and multi-religious nation with Hinduism being the predominant religion. It is home to many of the world’s highest mountains, including Mt. Everest, as well as lush forests and national parks. Nepal offers a variety of activities from trekking and mountaineering to white water rafting and jungle safaris. It is home to a vibrant culture, and the friendly Nepali people are known for their hospitality.

Tourism in Nepal: A Festive Adventure

Nepal, a small yet culturally rich country nestled in the Himalayas, is a popular tourist destination all year round. However, there is no better time to experience the vibrant and joyous spirit of this country than during its festive season. With a plethora of unique attractions, activities, and events, Nepal offers an unforgettable experience for tourists from all over the world. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I invite you to join me on a journey through Nepal’s festive season and discover the best that this country has to offer.

Introducing the Festive Spirit

The festive season in Nepal is a time of joy, celebration, and community. The streets are adorned with colorful lights and decorations, and the air is filled with the sound of music and laughter. The locals come together to celebrate their traditions and welcome visitors with open arms. It is a time when the country truly comes alive, making it the perfect time for tourists to visit.

Unique Tourist Attractions

During this time, Nepal offers a variety of unique attractions that are particularly popular among tourists. One of the most famous attractions is the Bisket Jatra festival in Bhaktapur, where a large chariot carrying idols of gods is pulled through the city streets by enthusiastic locals. Another must-see attraction is the Rato Machhindranath festival in Patan, where a towering chariot is pulled through the city amidst much fanfare and festivities.

General Overview

Apart from these festivals, Nepal also boasts a range of tourist attractions that are worth exploring. From ancient temples and palaces to breathtaking natural landscapes, there is something for everyone in this diverse country. Some of the must-visit places include Kathmandu Durbar Square, Pashupatinath Temple, and Pokhara’s Phewa Lake.

Important Places

Nepal is a country steeped in history and culture, and there are many important places that tourists should not miss. The birthplace of Lord Buddha, Lumbini, is a sacred site for Buddhists and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Chitwan National Park, a popular destination for wildlife enthusiasts, offers a chance to spot endangered species such as the Bengal tiger and one-horned rhinoceros.


For adventure seekers, Nepal offers a range of activities to get your adrenaline pumping. From trekking in the Himalayas to paragliding in Pokhara, there is no shortage of thrilling experiences to be had. For those looking for a more relaxed vacation, there are also options such as yoga retreats and spa treatments in the beautiful mountain towns.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Nepal has a well-developed infrastructure and transportation system that makes it easy for tourists to explore the country. Public transportation options include buses, taxis, and rickshaws, which are affordable and readily available. However, during the festive season, it is advisable to book transportation in advance as there is a surge in demand.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

Foreign visitors to Nepal are required to obtain a visa before entering the country. The visa application process can be completed online or at the Nepalese embassy or consulate in your home country. It is recommended to apply for a tourist visa, which is valid for 15 or 30 days, depending on your length of stay.

Health and Safety

It is important to take necessary health precautions when traveling to Nepal. It is advisable to get vaccinated against diseases such as typhoid, hepatitis A and B, and meningitis before your trip. It is also recommended to drink bottled water and avoid street food to prevent foodborne illnesses. As with any destination, it is important to be aware of your surroundings and take necessary safety precautions.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Nepal has a rich cultural heritage, and it is essential to respect the local customs and etiquette when visiting. It is customary to remove your shoes before entering temples and other sacred places. It is also considered disrespectful to point with your feet or touch someone’s head. Learning a few basic phrases in Nepali, such as “Namaste” (hello) and “Dhanyabad” (thank you), can go a long way in showing respect to the locals.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Nepal is the Nepalese rupee (NPR). It is recommended to exchange currency at authorized exchange counters or withdraw money from ATMs. Credit cards are accepted in major cities, but it is always advisable to carry some cash for smaller purchases.

Festive Activities

The festive season in Nepal offers a range of unique activities for tourists to indulge in. From participating in traditional dances and rituals to trying out local delicacies, there is no shortage of experiences to be had. These activities are deeply rooted in the country’s traditions and offer a glimpse into the rich culture of Nepal.

Infrastructure & Transit

During the festive season, Nepal experiences a surge in tourists, which can affect the efficiency of the public transportation system. It is advisable to plan your travels in advance and book transportation tickets early. For efficient travel within the country, it is recommended to hire a private car or join a tour group.

Accommodation Options

Nepal offers a range of accommodation options to suit every budget. From luxury hotels to budget-friendly guesthouses and homestays, there is something for every traveler. During the festive season, it is advisable to book accommodation in advance as there is a high demand.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Nepal is a shopper’s paradise, with a variety of markets and shopping districts offering unique items. Thamel in Kathmandu is a popular spot for tourists, with its bustling streets filled with shops selling traditional handicrafts, clothing, and souvenirs. For those looking for authentic local products, the Asan Bazaar in Kathmandu is a must-visit.

Technology and Connectivity

Staying connected while traveling in Nepal is easy, with most major cities having access to Wi-Fi. However, it is recommended to purchase a local SIM card for internet access on the go. There are also various apps available for navigation, language translation, and booking events and activities.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Nepal is committed to promoting eco-tourism and responsible travel practices. There are various eco-friendly travel options available, such as staying in eco-lodges and participating in community-based tourism initiatives. Outdoor activities such as hiking, rafting, and wildlife safaris are also popular among tourists.

Local Festivals and Events

Apart from the major festivals, there are also smaller local festivals and events that take place around the country during the festive season. These events offer a more intimate experience and provide an opportunity to interact with the locals and learn about their traditions.

Practical Advice and Tips

Before embarking on your trip to Nepal, it is essential to plan your budget accordingly. The cost of accommodation, transportation, and activities may increase during the festive season. It is also advisable to carry a first aid kit and necessary medications, as well as travel insurance for emergencies.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

Nepal’s festive season is a vibrant and exciting time to visit this beautiful country. With a comprehensive tourist guide, you can make the most of your trip by planning ahead and experiencing all that Nepal has to offer. It is recommended to visit during the months of October to December when the weather is pleasant, and the festive spirit is at its peak.

Some not-to-be-missed events and activities include the Dashain festival, trekking in the Annapurna region, and visiting the ancient city of Bhaktapur. When packing for your trip, it is important to consider the country’s climate and dress accordingly. Respect for local customs and practices is crucial, so be sure to follow dos and don’ts to honor them.

In case of any emergencies, it is essential to have a list of emergency contact numbers, including those of your embassy or consulate. With this comprehensive tourist guide, you are all set to embark on an unforgettable journey through Nepal’s festive season. So pack your bags and get ready to experience the magic of this culturally rich country

Nepal: A Country of Rich Culture and Fascinating Statistics

Nepal, a small landlocked country nestled in the Himalayas, is known for its breathtaking mountain views, rich culture, and warm hospitality. But beyond its natural beauty and cultural heritage, Nepal also boasts some fascinating statistics that make it stand out among other countries in the world. In this article, we will delve into the various statistics of Nepal and explore what makes this country unique.

Geography and Population

Nepal covers an area of 147,181 square kilometers and is home to a population of approximately 29.3 million people (as of 2021). The country is divided into three main regions: the Himalayan region, the Hilly region, and the Terai region. The Himalayan region is situated in the northern part of Nepal and is home to some of the highest mountains in the world, including Mount Everest. The Hilly region lies in the middle of the country and is characterized by rolling hills and valleys. The Terai region is situated in the southern part of Nepal and is known for its fertile plains.

The capital city of Nepal is Kathmandu, which is also the largest city in the country. Other major cities include Pokhara, Biratnagar, and Lalitpur. Nepali is the official language of Nepal, but there are over 100 other languages spoken in different parts of the country.


Nepal’s economy largely depends on agriculture, which employs around 70% of the country’s workforce. The main crops grown in Nepal include rice, maize, wheat, millet, and barley. Apart from agriculture, tourism is also a significant contributor to Nepal’s economy. The country attracts millions of tourists each year who come to explore its natural beauty and cultural heritage.

According to the World Bank, Nepal’s GDP was estimated to be $30.31 billion in 2020, with a growth rate of 2.3%. The per capita income of Nepal is $1,045, making it one of the poorest countries in the world. However, the country has been making significant progress in reducing poverty, with the poverty rate decreasing from 42% in 1996 to 21% in 2019.

Social Indicators

Nepal has made remarkable progress in improving its social indicators over the years. The literacy rate has increased from 54% in 2001 to 67% in 2019, with more girls attending school and receiving an education. Life expectancy at birth has also increased from 56 years in 2001 to 70 years in 2020.

However, Nepal still faces challenges in terms of healthcare and sanitation. According to UNICEF, only 27% of the population has access to basic sanitation facilities, and the maternal mortality rate is still high at 239 deaths per 100,000 live births.

Culture and Religion

Nepal is a melting pot of different cultures and religions. The country is predominantly Hindu, with around 81% of the population following Hinduism. Buddhism is the second-largest religion in Nepal, with around 9% of the population being Buddhist. Other religions practiced in Nepal include Islam, Christianity, and Kirat.

The culture of Nepal is heavily influenced by its religious beliefs. Festivals such as Dashain, Tihar, and Holi are celebrated with great enthusiasm throughout the country. Nepali cuisine is also diverse and is heavily influenced by Indian and Tibetan cuisine.


Tourism is a significant contributor to Nepal’s economy, with millions of tourists visiting the country each year. The main tourist attractions in Nepal include trekking in the Himalayas, visiting ancient temples and palaces, and exploring the diverse wildlife in national parks such as Chitwan National Park.

According to the Nepal Tourism Board, the country received 1.17 million tourists in 2019, generating revenue of $2 billion. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the tourism industry in Nepal has suffered a significant setback, with a 71% decrease in tourist arrivals in 2020.


Nepal is a country of diverse landscapes, cultures, and traditions. From its majestic mountains to its rich cultural heritage, there is no shortage of things to explore in this beautiful country. Despite facing challenges in terms of poverty and healthcare, Nepal has made remarkable progress in improving its social indicators. With its unique blend of nature, culture, and statistics, Nepal is truly a gem of a country that is worth visiting and learning about

  • What is the capital of Nepal?
    The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu.
  • What is the population of Nepal?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Nepal is 29.14 million.
  • What is the official language of Nepal?
    The official language of Nepal is Nepali.
  • What are some other languages spoken in Nepal?
    Other languages spoken in Nepal include Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Tamang, and Newari.
  • What is the currency used in Nepal?
    The currency used in Nepal is the Nepalese rupee (NPR).
  • What is the time zone of Nepal?
    Nepal follows Nepal Standard Time (NST), which is UTC+5:45.
  • Is Nepal a landlocked country?
    Yes, Nepal is a landlocked country bordered by India to the south, east, and west, and China to the north.
  • What is the climate like in Nepal?
    Nepal has a diverse climate due to its varying topography, but it is mostly characterized by a monsoon season from June to September and a dry season from October to May.
  • What are some popular dishes in Nepali cuisine?
    Some popular dishes in Nepali cuisine include momo (dumplings), dal bhat (lentil soup with rice), and gorkhali lamb (spicy lamb curry).
  • What are some traditional Nepali music and songs?
    Some traditional Nepali music and songs include folk songs such as dohori and bhajan, as well as classical music genres like dhrupad and khayal.
  • What are some popular tourist destinations in Nepal?
    Some popular tourist destinations in Nepal include Mount Everest, Kathmandu Valley, Pokhara, Chitwan National Park, and Lumbini (birthplace of Buddha).
  • Do I need a visa to visit Nepal?
    Yes, most foreign nationals require a visa to enter Nepal. However, citizens of India do not need a visa to enter Nepal.
  • What is the best time to visit Nepal?
    The best time to visit Nepal is during the dry season from October to May. However, if you are planning to trek in the mountains, the best time is from September to November or from March to May.
  • What are some important cultural customs and etiquette in Nepal?
    Some important cultural customs and etiquette in Nepal include removing your shoes before entering someone's home or a temple, using your right hand for eating and greeting, and avoiding public displays of affection.
  • Is it safe to travel to Nepal?
    Yes, Nepal is generally considered a safe country for tourists. However, it is always recommended to exercise caution and be aware of your surroundings.
  • What are some common modes of transportation in Nepal?
    Some common modes of transportation in Nepal include buses, taxis, and hired cars. In rural areas, you can also find local buses and rickshaws.
  • Do I need any vaccinations before traveling to Nepal?
    It is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional before traveling to Nepal to ensure you have all the necessary vaccinations. Some recommended vaccinations include hepatitis A and B, typhoid, and rabies.
  • What is the voltage used in Nepal?
    The voltage used in Nepal is 220-240 volts. It is recommended to bring a universal adapter if you plan on using electronic devices.
  • Can I use my credit card in Nepal?
    Credit cards are accepted in some hotels, restaurants, and shops in major cities. However, it is always recommended to have cash on hand as well, especially when traveling to more remote areas.
  • What is the tipping culture like in Nepal?
    Tipping is not expected in Nepal, but it is appreciated for good service. A 10% tip is usually sufficient in restaurants, and rounding up the fare for taxis is common.
  • What should I pack for a trip to Nepal?
    Some essential items to pack for a trip to Nepal include comfortable walking shoes, a rain jacket or umbrella, sunscreen, insect repellent, and a first aid kit.
  • Do I need travel insurance for Nepal?
    Travel insurance is not mandatory for visiting Nepal, but it is highly recommended to have coverage for medical emergencies and travel disruptions.
  • What are some common scams in Nepal?
    Some common scams in Nepal include overcharging for goods or services, fake trekking permits, and fake tour operators. It is always recommended to research and book through reputable companies.
  • What are some important emergency numbers in Nepal?
    Some important emergency numbers in Nepal include 100 for police, 102 for ambulance and rescue services, and 101 for fire emergencies.
  • Can I drink tap water in Nepal?
    It is not recommended to drink tap water in Nepal. It is best to stick to bottled or filtered water.
  • What are some must-try experiences in Nepal?
    Some must-try experiences in Nepal include trekking in the Himalayas, paragliding in Pokhara, and exploring the cultural and historical sites of Kathmandu.
  • Is there a dress code in Nepal?
    There is no specific dress code in Nepal, but it is recommended to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites.
  • Are there any festivals or celebrations in Nepal?
    Nepal has many festivals and celebrations throughout the year, including Dashain, Tihar, and Holi. These festivals often involve colorful decorations, music, and traditional food.
  • Can I volunteer in Nepal?
    Yes, there are many opportunities for volunteering in Nepal, particularly in the areas of education, healthcare, and community development. It is recommended to research and work with reputable organizations.
  • Is there internet access in Nepal?
    Yes, there is internet access in Nepal, particularly in major cities and tourist areas. However, the connection can be slow and unreliable at times.
  • What are some common greetings and phrases in Nepali?
    Some common greetings and phrases in Nepali include namaste (hello), dhanyabad (thank you), kasto cha? (how are you?), and ramro (good).
  • Are there any restrictions on photography in Nepal?
    Photography is generally allowed in Nepal, but it is recommended to ask for permission before taking photos of people or religious sites.
  • Can I bring medication into Nepal?
    It is recommended to bring a doctor's prescription for any medication you are carrying into Nepal. Some medications may require special permits.
  • Is there a dress code for trekking in Nepal?
    There is no specific dress code for trekking in Nepal, but it is recommended to wear comfortable and breathable clothing suitable for the weather and terrain.
  • What are some important documents to bring when traveling to Nepal?
    Some important documents to bring when traveling to Nepal include a valid passport, visa (if required), travel insurance, and any necessary vaccination records.
  • What are some traditional crafts and souvenirs to buy in Nepal?
    Some traditional crafts and souvenirs to buy in Nepal include hand-woven textiles, pottery, wooden carvings, and metalwork. It is recommended to buy from local artisans and support fair trade practices.
  • Can I smoke in public places in Nepal?
    Smoking is banned in public places in Nepal, including restaurants, bars, and hotels. It is only allowed in designated smoking areas.
  • Are there any health risks in Nepal?
    Some common health risks in Nepal include altitude sickness (when trekking in the mountains), food and water-borne illnesses, and insect-borne diseases like dengue fever and malaria. It is recommended to take necessary precautions and consult with a healthcare professional before traveling.
  • What are some popular adventure activities in Nepal?
    Some popular adventure activities in Nepal include trekking, rafting, bungee jumping, mountain biking, and wildlife safaris.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting temples or religious sites?
    It is recommended to dress modestly when visiting temples or religious sites in Nepal. This means covering your shoulders and knees.
  • Can I bring alcohol into Nepal?
    Yes, you can bring a limited amount of alcohol (1 liter) into Nepal for personal consumption. However, it is not allowed to be sold or consumed in public places.
  • What are some traditional dance forms in Nepal?
    Some traditional dance forms in Nepal include charya, dhime, and ghatu. These dances are often performed during festivals and celebrations.
  • Is there a dress code for attending a wedding in Nepal?
    There is no specific dress code for attending a wedding in Nepal, but it is recommended to wear traditional attire or formal clothing.
  • What are some common modes of communication in Nepal?
    Some common modes of communication in Nepal include Nepali, English, and sign language. It is also common to communicate through gestures and facial expressions.
  • Can I rent a car and drive in Nepal?
    Yes, you can rent a car and drive in Nepal if you have an international driving permit. However, the roads can be challenging to navigate, so it is recommended to hire a local driver.
  • Are there any restrictions on bringing food into Nepal?
    It is not allowed to bring meat products into Nepal due to religious and sanitary reasons. It is recommended to check with customs regulations before bringing any other food items.
  • What are some common wildlife species found in Nepal?
    Some common wildlife species found in Nepal include tigers, rhinos, elephants, snow leopards, and various species of birds. Chitwan National Park and Bardia National Park are popular places to spot wildlife.
  • Is there a dress code for attending a funeral in Nepal?
    There is no specific dress code for attending a funeral in Nepal, but it is recommended to wear modest and respectful clothing.
  • Can I bring pets into Nepal?
    Yes, you can bring pets into Nepal with proper documentation and health certificates. However, it is recommended to research and follow the necessary regulations and procedures.
  • What are some traditional sports in Nepal?
    Some traditional sports in Nepal include dandi biyo (similar to cricket), gatka (a form of martial arts), and khukuri (a type of knife) throwing competitions.
  • Is there a dress code for attending a festival in Nepal?
    There is no specific dress code for attending a festival in Nepal, but it is recommended to wear traditional attire or colorful clothing.
  • Can I bring electronics into Nepal?
    Yes, you can bring electronics into Nepal for personal use. However, it is recommended to have them registered at customs upon arrival to avoid any issues when leaving the country.

A Closer Look at Nepal - 尼泊尔

Nepal Flag


Nepal Formation Date

January 15, 1956

Nepal Capital Name

The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu.

Nepal Neighbours

  1. China China
  2. India India

Exploring Nepal

Exploring the Land of the Himalayas: A Comprehensive Guide to Nepal

Nestled in the heart of the Himalayas, Nepal is a land of breathtaking landscapes, rich culture, and warm hospitality. This small country, sandwiched between India and China, has captured the hearts of travelers for centuries with its majestic mountains, diverse wildlife, and vibrant traditions. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I invite you to join me on a journey through this enchanting land.

Key Takeaways:

  • Nepal is located in South Asia, between India and China.
  • The name "Nepal" is derived from the Sanskrit word "Nepalaya" which means "at the foot of the mountains."
  • The country is known for its stunning natural beauty, rich culture, and warm hospitality.


Nepal is a landlocked country with an area of 147,181 square kilometers. It is bordered by India to the east, west, and south, and by China to the north. The country is divided into three geographical regions - the Himalayas in the north, the hilly region in the middle, and the Terai region in the south. The Himalayas are home to eight of the world's ten highest peaks, including Mount Everest, making Nepal a popular destination for mountaineers and trekkers. In addition to its mountainous terrain, Nepal also boasts a diverse range of flora and fauna. The country is home to over 30 national parks and conservation areas, which are home to rare species such as the Bengal tiger, one-horned rhinoceros, and snow leopard. The climate in Nepal varies from region to region. The northern part of the country experiences a cold and dry climate, while the southern part has a more tropical climate. The monsoon season, which lasts from June to September, brings heavy rainfall to the country.

Origin and History:

Nepal has a rich history dating back to ancient civilizations. The Kathmandu Valley, the country's capital region, was once a bustling trade route between India and Tibet. The valley is home to three of the country's seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites - Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, and Bhaktapur Durbar Square. In the 18th century, Nepal was unified under the rule of King Prithvi Narayan Shah, who established the Shah dynasty. However, in the 19th century, Nepal fell under British influence and became a British protectorate until it gained independence in 1923.

Government and Politics:

Nepal is a federal parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. The country is divided into seven provinces and 77 districts, each with its own local government. The current constitution was adopted in 2015, following years of political instability and civil war. Nepal maintains friendly relations with its neighboring countries and has strong ties with India and China. It is also a member of the United Nations and the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).

Commerce and Economy:

Agriculture is the mainstay of Nepal's economy, with over 70% of the population engaged in farming. The country's main crops include rice, maize, wheat, and tea. In recent years, Nepal has also seen growth in industries such as tourism, hydropower, and manufacturing. Nepal's currency is the Nepalese Rupee (NPR), which is pegged to the Indian Rupee. The country's major trading partners include India, China, and the United States.


Nepal has a population of approximately 29 million people, with a diverse mix of ethnicities and cultures. The largest ethnic group is the Indo-Aryan group, followed by the Tibeto-Burman group. The official language of Nepal is Nepali, but there are over 120 languages spoken in the country. The population of Nepal is relatively young, with a median age of 24 years. The country has made significant progress in improving its literacy rates, with over 70% of the population now able to read and write.


Nepal's culture is a blend of Hindu and Buddhist traditions, which are deeply ingrained in everyday life. The country is known for its vibrant festivals, colorful art, and intricate handicrafts. Some of the most popular festivals in Nepal include Dashain, Tihar, and Holi. Music and dance are also an integral part of Nepali culture. Traditional instruments such as the tabla, sitar, and sarangi are used in classical music performances. Folk dances like the Dhime dance and the Chandi Naach are also popular forms of entertainment.

Languages and Religion:

Nepali is the official language of Nepal, spoken by the majority of the population. However, there are over 120 languages spoken in the country, including regional dialects. Hinduism is the dominant religion in Nepal, followed by Buddhism. The country is home to many sacred sites for both religions, including Pashupatinath Temple and Swayambhunath Stupa.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

Education in Nepal follows a 10+2 system, with primary education being free and compulsory. The country has made significant progress in improving its literacy rates, with over 70% of the population now able to read and write. Nepal's healthcare system is still developing, with limited resources and access to medical facilities in rural areas. However, the government has implemented initiatives to improve public health, such as providing free basic healthcare services and promoting vaccinations.

Sports and Recreation:

Football is the most popular sport in Nepal, with the national team having achieved some success on the international stage. Other popular sports include cricket, volleyball, and martial arts. Nepal's diverse landscape also offers a range of recreational activities such as trekking, mountaineering, and white-water rafting. The country has seen a steady growth in adventure tourism in recent years, attracting thrill-seekers from all over the world.


Nepal is a popular tourist destination, attracting over one million visitors each year. The country's stunning natural beauty, rich culture, and warm hospitality make it a must-visit for travelers. Some of the top tourist attractions include Mount Everest, Chitwan National Park, and Lumbini - the birthplace of Buddha. The country has also made significant investments in its tourism infrastructure, with new hotels, restaurants, and transportation options available for visitors.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

Traveling to Nepal requires a valid passport and visa for most nationalities. Visas can be obtained on arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport or at any land border crossing. It is also recommended to have a travel insurance policy that covers medical emergencies. Health and safety precautions should be taken while traveling in Nepal. It is advised to drink only bottled or boiled water and avoid eating raw fruits and vegetables. It is also important to respect local customs and etiquette, such as removing shoes before entering homes or temples. The currency used in Nepal is the Nepalese Rupee (NPR), and credit cards are widely accepted in major cities. However, it is advisable to carry cash for smaller purchases and when traveling to remote areas.


  • "Nepal is a country of great contrasts, from the hustle and bustle of Kathmandu to the peaceful serenity of the Himalayas." - Unknown
  • "The mountains are calling, and I must go." - John Muir
  • "In every walk with nature, one receives far more than he seeks." - John Muir


In conclusion, Nepal is a country that offers a unique blend of natural beauty, rich culture, and warm hospitality. From its majestic mountains to its vibrant festivals, there is something for everyone in this enchanting land. As the country continues to develop and grow, it is sure to attract even more visitors from around the world. So pack your bags and get ready to explore the land of the Himalayas - you won't be disappointed.

Nepal Highest Point Name

The highest point in Nepal is Mount Everest, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. Its peak is 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) above sea level.

Nepal Capital Longitude

85.3219° E

Nepal Capital Latitude


Nepal Official Languages

The official language of Nepal is Nepali. Other commonly spoken languages are Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Tamang, Newari, Magar and Bajjika.

Nepal Ethnic Groups

Nepal is a small landlocked country in South Asia, with a population of about 28 million people. The population consists of a number of ethnic groups including Bahun, Chetri, Tamang, Newar, Rai, Limbu, Magar, Tharu, Sherpa, Gurung, Thakali, Rai, Majhi, and other ethnic groups like Bhojpuri, Maithili, and Tharu. The majority of the population is Hindu, though Buddhism, Islam, and other religions are also followed. The languages spoken in Nepal reflect the diversity of its people, including Nepali, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Tamang, Gurung, Magar, Awadhi, Rai, Limbu, and Sunwar. Each of these ethnic communities has its own unique culture, traditions, and language.

Nepal Religions

Nepal is a multicultural and multiethnic country. Hindus make up the majority of the population (81.3%), followed by Buddhists (9%) and other religions including Islam (4.4%), Kirat (3%), Christianity (1.4%), and animism (0.4%). Adherence to these faiths affects customs, culture, and everyday life, particularly in rural areas. Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the constitution and religion-based discrimination or persecution is prohibited. There is a strong tradition of tolerance and co-existence between different religions in Nepal.

Nepal Total Area

The total area of Nepal is 147,181 km² (56,827 mi²).

Nepal Land Area

Nepal has a total land area of 147,181 square kilometers (56,827 square miles).

Nepal Water Area

Nepal's total water area is about 6,000 square kilometers, which is about 2.3 percent of the total land area. It includes the land area of the country's five main rivers (Gandaki, Koshi, Karnali, Narayani and Mahakali) and the freshwater lakes in the Himalayan region. Most of Nepal's surface water is located in the Himalayan range. According to the latest estimation, there are around 5,463 small and large lakes in Nepal.

Nepal Total Population

As of 2020, the total population of Nepal is approximately 29.46 million people.

Nepal Currency Name

The official currency of Nepal is the Nepalese Rupee (NPR).

Nepal Currency Code

The currency code for Nepal is NPR.

Nepal Currency Symbol


Nepal Time Zones

  • UTC+05:45

Nepal has two time zones. The Nepal Standard Time (NPT) has a UTC offset of +05:45. The Daylight Saving Time (DST) has a UTC offset of +06:45. On the first Saturday of April every year, DST starts, which is exactly 3 weeks and 1 day ahead from the start date of Dashain (Nepali festival). This DST schedule is reset again on the first of the same month of Shrawan (another Nepali festival), which is exactly 6 weeks and 5 days after the start date of Dashain. Therefore, clocks in Nepal are moved forward by 1 hour from the NPT time twice a year: once for the starting of DST and once for reverting back from DST to NPT.

Nepal Calling Code

The calling code for Nepal is +977

Nepal Internet TLD

How to Say "Nepal" In Different Languages?

নেপাল (bn-BD)
នេប៉ាឡា (km-KH)
尼泊尔 (zh-CN)
Népal (fr-FR)
Nepal (de-DE)
नेपाल (hi-IN)
Nepal (in-ID)
نپال (fa-IR)
נפאל (he-IL)
ネパール (ja-JP)
네팔 (ko-KR)
Nepali (yo-NG)
Nepal (pl-PL)
Nepal (ro-RO)
Непал (ru-RU)
Nepal (es-ES)
เนปาล (th-TH)
Nepal (tr-TR)
Nepal (vi-VN)

Nepal Popular Holidays

Gaura Parva
20 February
Losar (Tibetan New Year in Nepal)
27 February (29 February)
Maha Shivaratri
11 March
Ghode Jatra
17 March
Mrito Sambat (Nepali New Year)
14 April
Buddha Jayanti (Birthday of the Buddha)
26 May
Mata Tirtha Aunsi (Mother's Day)
28 July
Father's Day
29 July
Janai Purnima (Full Moon Day)
03 August
Gai Jatra (Cow Festival)
11 August
Teej Festival
18 August (20 August)
27 August (29 August)
Indra Jatra
30 August (02 September)
Dashain Festival
25 October (04 November)
Tihar Festival
25 October (29 October)
Laxmi Puja (Goddess of Wealth)
14 November

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Upcoming Holidays in Nepal

National and Public Holidays in Nepal next days/week/month/year

Gaura Parba in Nepal

Gaura Parba is an annual Hindu festival celebrated in Nepal, with festivities such as Bhaileni dance, singing, and feasting over several days. It honors Goddess Parvati and her victory over the demon Daruka.

International Day of the World’s Indigenous People

The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People is a United Nations sanctioned holiday celebrated annually on August 9. It marks the day the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted in 2007, recognizing the rights of tribal and clan societies worldwide. The day is used to celebrate the survival and cultural rich heritage of the world’s Indigenous People. Events, speeches, and educational activities are held worldwide.

Ganesh Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chaturthi

Ganesh Chaturthi is a celebration to commemorate the birthday of Lord Ganesha. It is an important festival in India, celebrated with great fervor in Hindu households as well as in public. On this day, devotees bring statues of Ganesha home or to their local temples and perform rituals to honor the deity. People prepare kheer, shrikhand, and other delightful dishes as offerings to Lord Ganesha. The holiday culminates in a festive procession with people singing and dancing in joy, along with Ganesha's idol placed on a chariot.

Gai Jatra in Nepal

Gai Jatra is a Nepalese holiday honoring the deceased with a parade of cows and other fun activities. People dress up in costumes, sing, dance, and exchange jokes while going from one house to another.

Pitru Paksha

Pitru Paksha, also known as Mahalaya Paksha, is a period of 16 days in the Hindu calendar when Hindus all over the world pay homage to their ancestors and offer them prayers. During this period, people perform special ceremonies to honor departed souls and ensure that their souls rest in peace. This holiday is celebrated by offering special pujas, performing yagnas and reciting mantras dedicated to the ancestors. The holiday culminates with the traditional ceremony of Tarpanam that is usually performed in a temple or by the riverside.

Hartalika Teej in Nepal

Hartalika Teej is one of the most prominent festivals celebrated in the beautiful country of Nepal. This traditional festival is celebrated every year in the month of Shravana (August – September). Essentially, Hartalika Teej is a festival which marks the start of married life for Hindu women in Nepal, especially those who are first-time brides. The word ‘Hartalika’ is a combination of two words, ‘Harta’ and ‘Lika’. ‘Harta’ stands for separation from worldly possessions while ‘Lika’ stands for for union with beloved. This festival is observed to bring peace and unity into the lives of married couples. Hartalika Teej is a optional holiday in Nepal.

Constitution Day in Nepal

Nepal celebrates Constitution Day on the 20th of September each year to pay tribute to the 240-year old Constitution of Nepal Sansthān, which is said to be the world’s oldest written constitution. The writing of the Constitution of Nepal Sansthān in 1775 established the rule of law in this Himalayan nation and symbolizes the commitment of Nepalese people to follow the path of democracy and secularism. Constitution Day is a public holiday in Nepal.

Indra Jatra in Nepal

Indra Jatra is an ancient 8-day-long festival celebrated in Nepal. It marks the end of the monsoon season and is considered one of the major annual events in the country. The festival involves lavish processions as well as various forms of art, music, and dance performances that take place throughout Kathmandu, honoring the Hindu god Indra. Indra Jatra is a local holiday in Nepal.


Dussehra is a Hindu festival celebrated in India, Nepal, and other countries that marks the victory of good over evil, symbolised by Ram defeating the demon king Ravana.

Ghatasthapana in Nepal

Ghatasthapana in Nepal is a beautiful time of the year to travel and explore the country. It marks the beginning of the Hindu Lunar Calendar year, celebrating new beginnings, growth and prosperity. This Hindu festival is celebrated throughout the country, especially in major cities like Kathmandu, Janakpur, Pokhara and Chitwan.

Upcoming Festivals in Nepal

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Nag Panchami

Nag Panchami is an important Hindu festival celebrated in honour of Lord Vishnu's serpent epitome, Ananta-Shesha. On this day, devotees pray to the deity and revere him in the form of live snakes or idols made of brass or silver. Ritualistic offerings such as fruit, milk, flowers and incense are made to the Lord in the form of a puja. Processions are held with locals wearing traditional clothing and chanting religious mantras, followed by folk performances, poojas and feasting.


Janmashtami is a Hindu festival celebrated to commemorate the birth of Lord Krishna. It typically takes place on the eighth day of the Hindu month Shravana. The day is celebrated with much fanfare throughout India. Traditional activities include fasting, performances of devotional music and dance, and group prayers. People also decorate their homes, make colourful decorations, and enjoy delicious traditional sweets. Devotees also bathe the Lord's idols in milk and water, and pay their respects. Janmashtami is an important religious holiday that remains deeply meaningful to Hindus around the world.

Raksha Bandhan

Raksha Bandhan is an Indian holiday that celebrates the bond between brothers and sisters. It is celebrated on August 30th every year. On the day, sisters tie a sacred thread, or rakhi, on their brothers’ wrists, symbolizing their love and care for each other. In return, brothers vow to protect their sisters and give them gifts. Families gather together to share a meal and pray for each other's well-being. Raksha Bandhan is a joyous and festive occasion, and an opportunity to demonstrate the special bond of love and respect between siblings.

Diwali (Dīvali in Dīpāwali in or Deepavali)

Diwali, also known as the "Festival of Lights", is an ancient Hindu festival celebrated all across India. It is a celebration of the victory of good over evil and the spiritual renewal of life. During Diwali, Hindus light up their homes with thousands of diyas, or lamps made of clay, to signify the triumph of justice. They also exchange sweets and gifts, perform pooja, the traditional worship of gods, and indulge in festive customs and activities. Diwali is a joyous occasion and a five-day highlight of the Hindu calendar.

Basant Panchami in Nepal

"Experience the vibrant celebration of Basant Panchami, a national festival in Nepal, where vibrant colors and joyful music fill the streets. As a cultural commentator and travel writer, I highly recommend this beautiful holiday, steeped in Hindu traditions and marking the arrival of spring. Book your trip now and immerse yourself in the rich culture of Nepal."

Maha Shivaratri in Nepal

Nepal's vibrant celebration of Maha Shivaratri is a can't-miss festival for the spiritual seeker. Immerse yourself in the country's rich cultural traditions and witness devotees honoring the Hindu god Shiva through colorful rituals and lively processions. This national festival is a must-see for anyone looking to truly experience Nepal's cultural roots.

Holi: The Festival Of Love

Holi is an ancient Hindu festival celebrated in India and Nepal. It is the festival of love and signifies the victory of good over evil. People gather in joyful crowds, indulging in colorful powders and different colored water being thrown. People embrace one another and wish each other luck, health and prosperity.

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