Madagascar is a large island located off the southeast coast of Africa. It is the fourth-largest island in the world and is home to vast biodiversity, including many unique species of plants and animals. People of many different cultural and ethnic backgrounds inhabit the island. The official language is Malagasy, and Madagascar is home to a wide variety of ethnic groups, including Betsimisaraka, Bezanozano, and Tsimihety. Madagascar is a friendly and exciting destination, with its inviting people, beautiful landscapes, and fascinating wildlife.

Tourism in Madagascar: A Guide to the Festive Season

Madagascar, the fourth largest island in the world, is a destination that offers a unique blend of nature, culture, and adventure. With its stunning landscapes, diverse wildlife, and rich cultural heritage, it’s no wonder that tourism is one of the main industries in this island nation. And during the festive season, Madagascar comes alive with an infectious spirit of celebration and joy. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll take you through all the essential information you need to plan your trip to Madagascar during this festive season.

Introducing the Festive Spirit

The festive season in Madagascar is a time of great joy and celebration. The streets are adorned with colorful decorations, and traditional music fills the air. The locals are known for their warm hospitality and welcoming nature, making it an ideal time for tourists to experience the country’s vibrant culture.

Unique Tourist Attractions

Madagascar is home to some of the world’s most unique tourist attractions. One of the most popular is the Avenue of Baobabs, a road lined with majestic baobab trees that are over 800 years old. Another must-see attraction is the Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its spectacular limestone formations. And for wildlife enthusiasts, a visit to the Lemur’s Park is a must, where you can see these adorable creatures up close.

General Overview

In addition to its natural wonders, Madagascar also boasts a rich cultural heritage. The country has 18 ethnic groups, each with their own customs and traditions. This diversity is reflected in the country’s architecture, music, and cuisine. And with over 5,000 km of coastline, Madagascar also offers stunning beaches and water activities such as snorkeling and scuba diving.

Important Places

When planning your trip to Madagascar, there are a few key destinations that you shouldn’t miss. The capital city, Antananarivo, is a bustling metropolis with a mix of traditional and modern influences. The city of Fianarantsoa is known for its beautiful architecture and is the gateway to the famous Ranomafana National Park. And for beach lovers, the island of Nosy Be is a popular destination with its crystal-clear waters and white sandy beaches.


There are plenty of activities for tourists to enjoy in Madagascar. From hiking through lush rainforests to swimming with dolphins, there’s something for everyone. You can also visit local villages and learn about traditional customs and practices, or take part in cultural events and festivals.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Madagascar has a well-developed transportation system, making it easy for tourists to get around. The country has an extensive network of roads, and buses are the most common mode of public transportation. Taxis are also available in major cities, but it’s important to negotiate the fare before getting in. For longer distances, domestic flights are available.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

Foreign visitors to Madagascar must obtain a visa before arrival. The process can be done online or at the nearest embassy or consulate. It’s recommended to apply for a visa at least two weeks before your planned trip.

Health and Safety

Before traveling to Madagascar, it’s essential to consult with your doctor about necessary vaccinations and medications. Malaria is prevalent in some parts of the country, so it’s crucial to take preventive measures such as using insect repellent and taking anti-malarial medication. It’s also recommended to drink bottled water and avoid street food to prevent any potential stomach illnesses.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Madagascar has a unique culture, and it’s essential to be respectful of local customs and etiquette. For example, it’s considered impolite to refuse an offer of food or drink, so it’s best to accept and try everything offered. It’s also customary to greet people with a handshake and maintain eye contact during conversations.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Madagascar is the Malagasy Ariary (MGA). While credit cards are accepted in major cities, it’s recommended to carry cash for smaller purchases. ATMs are also available, but it’s advisable to inform your bank before traveling to avoid any issues with withdrawals.

Festive Activities

The festive season in Madagascar is a time of celebration, and there are plenty of unique activities for tourists to indulge in. One of the most popular is the Fisemana Festival, which celebrates the country’s cultural diversity through music, dance, and traditional food. Another must-see event is the Famadihana, a traditional ceremony where families exhume the remains of their ancestors and rewrap them in new shrouds.

Connecting with Tradition

Many of the festive activities in Madagascar are deeply rooted in the country’s traditions. For example, the Fandroana festival is a celebration of the New Year according to the Malagasy lunar calendar. During this festival, people gather to make offerings to their ancestors and ask for blessings for the upcoming year.

Infrastructure & Transit

With an increase in tourism during the festive season, Madagascar’s public transportation system can become overwhelmed. It’s important to plan your travels in advance and allow for extra time when using public transportation. Taxis can also be difficult to find during this time, so it’s best to arrange for transportation through your hotel or a reputable tour company.

Efficient Travel Tips

To make the most of your travels during the bustling festive season, it’s recommended to plan your itinerary in advance. This will help you avoid long wait times and ensure you don’t miss out on any must-see attractions. It’s also advisable to book accommodations and transportation well in advance to avoid any last-minute hassles.

Accommodation Options

Madagascar offers a range of accommodation options to suit all budgets and preferences. Luxury resorts and boutique hotels are available in major cities, while budget-friendly guesthouses and homestays can be found in smaller towns. For a unique experience, you can also stay in eco-lodges that promote sustainable tourism practices.

Advantages of Different Accommodations

Staying at different types of accommodations can enhance your overall experience in Madagascar. For example, luxury resorts offer amenities such as spas and fine dining, while guesthouses provide a more authentic local experience. Eco-lodges allow you to connect with nature and support sustainable tourism.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Madagascar is known for its handicrafts and unique souvenirs that make perfect gifts for loved ones back home. The capital city of Antananarivo has several shopping districts, including the Analakely Market, where you can find traditional crafts, textiles, and spices. It’s also recommended to visit local markets in smaller towns for a more authentic shopping experience.

Finding Unique Souvenirs

To find truly unique souvenirs that embody the country’s culture, it’s best to shop at local markets or purchase directly from artisans. Some popular items include woven baskets, wood carvings, and handmade jewelry. It’s also important to negotiate prices with vendors to ensure a fair price for both parties.

Technology and Connectivity

While Madagascar is a developing country, it still offers decent connectivity for tourists. Most hotels and restaurants offer free Wi-Fi, and SIM cards can be purchased at the airport or local shops. Some useful apps for travelers include Google Maps for navigation, Google Translate for language translation, and Airbnb for accommodation bookings.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Madagascar is a paradise for nature lovers and eco-tourists. The country is home to several national parks and reserves, where you can see unique flora and fauna, including lemurs, chameleons, and baobab trees. Outdoor activities such as hiking, kayaking, and snorkeling are also popular among tourists.

Responsible Tourism Practices

As a responsible traveler, it’s important to support eco-tourism initiatives that promote environmental sustainability. This includes choosing eco-friendly accommodations, avoiding single-use plastics, and respecting wildlife and their habitats. It’s also essential to educate yourself on the local culture and customs to avoid any unintentional harm.

Local Festivals and Events

In addition to the major festivals during the festive season, Madagascar also has smaller local events that are worth experiencing. For example, the Sambatra Festival celebrates the traditional music of the Sakalava people in the western part of the country. And the Donia Festival in Nosy Be showcases traditional dance performances and local cuisine.

Practical Advice and Tips

When planning your trip to Madagascar during the festive season, it’s important to budget accordingly. Prices for accommodations and transportation may be higher during this time, so it’s best to plan in advance. It’s also recommended to take extra precautions for safety, such as avoiding walking alone at night and keeping your valuables secure.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

Practical Information

To make the most of your trip to Madagascar during the festive season, it’s recommended to plan your visit between December and March. This is the country’s summer season, with warm temperatures and less rainfall. It’s also the peak tourist season, so be prepared for larger crowds.

Not-to-be-Missed Events and Activities

Some of the not-to-be-missed events and activities during the festive season in Madagascar include the Fisemana Festival, Famadihana ceremony, and the Fandroana festival. It’s also recommended to visit popular tourist attractions such as the Avenue of Baobabs, Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park, and Lemur’s Park.

Suitable Attire

The climate in Madagascar can vary depending on the region, but generally, lightweight clothing is suitable for the summer season. It’s also important to dress modestly when visiting local villages or attending cultural events. And don’t forget to pack comfortable shoes for any outdoor activities.

Dos and Don’ts

To show respect for the local customs and practices, it’s important to follow a few dos and don’ts during your trip to Madagascar. For example, it’s customary to bring a small gift when visiting someone’s home. It’s also important to ask for permission before taking photos of people or their belongings.

Language Assistance

While French is the official language of Madagascar, many locals also speak Malagasy. Learning a few common phrases in either language can go a long way in communicating with the locals. Some useful phrases include “hello” (bonjour), “thank you” (merci), and “excuse me” (excusez-moi).

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergencies, it’s important to have the following contact numbers saved: police (117), ambulance (118), and fire department (119). It’s also recommended to have the contact information for your embassy or consulate in Madagascar.

In conclusion, Madagascar is a destination that offers something for everyone during the festive season. From unique tourist attractions and cultural events to outdoor adventures and eco-tourism opportunities, there’s no shortage of things to see and do. With this comprehensive guide, you’ll be well-prepared to experience the vibrant culture and natural beauty of Madagascar during this festive time. So pack your bags and get ready for an unforgettable trip to this beautiful island nation


Madagascar, officially known as the Republic of Madagascar, is an island country located in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Southeast Africa. It is the fourth largest island in the world and is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. With a population of over 26 million people, Madagascar is a culturally rich and vibrant country with a unique history and natural beauty.


Madagascar covers a total area of 587,041 square kilometers, making it the world’s 47th largest country. The island is located 400 kilometers east of mainland Africa and is surrounded by the Indian Ocean. It has a varied landscape, including highlands, plateaus, rainforests, and beaches. The highest point in Madagascar is Maromokotro, standing at 2,876 meters above sea level.


The climate in Madagascar is tropical, with two distinct seasons – a hot and rainy season from November to April and a cooler and drier season from May to October. The average temperature throughout the year ranges from 20°C to 27°C. The eastern coast of Madagascar receives the most rainfall, while the western coast experiences a more arid climate.


As of 2021, Madagascar’s population is estimated to be over 26 million people. The country has a relatively young population, with over 60% under the age of 25. The majority of the population resides in rural areas, with only about 36% living in urban areas. The official languages of Madagascar are Malagasy and French.


Agriculture is the mainstay of Madagascar’s economy, accounting for over 25% of its GDP. The country is one of the world’s top producers of vanilla, cloves, and other spices. It also has a growing tourism industry, with its unique flora and fauna attracting visitors from all over the world. However, Madagascar remains one of the poorest countries in the world, with a large portion of its population living below the poverty line.


Madagascar is home to a vast array of unique plant and animal species, with over 90% of its wildlife found nowhere else on earth. The island is famous for its lemurs, a type of primate found only in Madagascar. It is also home to various species of chameleons, geckos, and other reptiles. The country’s diverse landscape has led to the evolution of many endemic species, making it a haven for nature lovers and researchers.


The culture of Madagascar is a blend of African, Asian, and European influences. The Malagasy people have a strong connection to their ancestors and practice traditional beliefs and rituals. Music and dance are an essential part of their culture, with traditional instruments such as the valiha (a bamboo tube zither) and the sodina (a bamboo flute) being widely used.


Madagascar’s unique flora and fauna, along with its stunning landscapes, make it a popular tourist destination. The country has several national parks and reserves that offer visitors the chance to see lemurs, chameleons, and other endemic species in their natural habitat. Some popular tourist attractions include Isalo National Park, Ranomafana National Park, and Nosy Be Island.


Madagascar is a country like no other, with its rich biodiversity, diverse culture, and stunning landscapes. Despite facing challenges such as poverty and environmental degradation, the Malagasy people continue to preserve their unique heritage and natural wonders. As a tourist destination, Madagascar offers an unforgettable experience for those seeking adventure and a deeper understanding of this fascinating country

  • Where is Madagascar located?
    Madagascar is an island country located off the coast of Southeast Africa in the Indian Ocean.
  • What is the capital of Madagascar?
    The capital of Madagascar is Antananarivo.
  • What is the official language of Madagascar?
    The official languages of Madagascar are Malagasy and French.
  • What is the currency used in Madagascar?
    The currency used in Madagascar is the Malagasy ariary (MGA).
  • What is the population of Madagascar?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Madagascar is over 27 million people.
  • What is the climate like in Madagascar?
    The climate in Madagascar is tropical, with a rainy season from November to April and a dry season from May to October.
  • What are some popular dishes in Madagascar?
    Some popular dishes in Madagascar include romazava (beef or pork stew), ravitoto (pork and cassava leaves), and vary sosoa (rice with greens and spices).
  • What type of music is popular in Madagascar?
    Traditional music, known as hira gasy, is popular in Madagascar. It combines singing, dancing, and playing instruments such as drums and valiha (bamboo tube zither).
  • What are some famous landmarks in Madagascar?
    Some famous landmarks in Madagascar include Avenue of the Baobabs, Isalo National Park, and Ranomafana National Park.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Madagascar?
    Yes, most visitors will need a visa to enter Madagascar. It is recommended to check with the nearest embassy or consulate for specific requirements.
  • What is the best time of year to visit Madagascar?
    The best time to visit Madagascar is during the dry season, from May to October. This is when the weather is most pleasant and wildlife viewing is at its best.
  • What are some common customs and traditions in Madagascar?
    Some common customs and traditions in Madagascar include the importance of ancestors, traditional ceremonies and rituals, and the practice of famadihana (exhuming and rewrapping the remains of ancestors).
  • Is it safe to travel to Madagascar?
    While Madagascar has a relatively low crime rate, it is always important to take precautions when traveling. It is recommended to avoid walking alone at night and to be aware of your surroundings.
  • What are some popular activities for tourists in Madagascar?
    Some popular activities for tourists in Madagascar include hiking, wildlife viewing, snorkeling and diving, and visiting local markets.
  • What is the voltage and plug type used in Madagascar?
    The voltage in Madagascar is 220-240V and the plug type is Type C, D, E, J, and K. It is recommended to bring a universal adapter if traveling with electronic devices.
  • What are some common means of transportation in Madagascar?
    Common means of transportation in Madagascar include taxis, buses, and minibuses. It is also possible to rent a car or hire a driver.
  • What is the time zone of Madagascar?
    Madagascar follows Eastern African Time (GMT+3).
  • Are there any health concerns for travelers in Madagascar?
    Some health concerns for travelers in Madagascar include malaria, dengue fever, and cholera. It is recommended to consult a healthcare professional before traveling and to take necessary precautions.
  • What is the dress code in Madagascar?
    The dress code in Madagascar is generally conservative, especially in rural areas. It is recommended to dress modestly and avoid wearing revealing clothing.
  • What are some common souvenirs to buy in Madagascar?
    Some common souvenirs to buy in Madagascar include handcrafted items such as baskets, wood carvings, and textiles. Vanilla, spices, and rum are also popular purchases.
  • What is the emergency number in Madagascar?
    The emergency number in Madagascar is 117 for police, 118 for medical emergencies, and 119 for fire emergencies.
  • Do I need any vaccinations before traveling to Madagascar?
    It is recommended to consult a healthcare professional before traveling to Madagascar to determine if any vaccinations are necessary.
  • What is the main mode of communication in Madagascar?
    The main mode of communication in Madagascar is through mobile phones. Internet access is also available in major cities and tourist areas.
  • Is English widely spoken in Madagascar?
    While French is the second official language of Madagascar, English is not widely spoken. It may be helpful to learn some basic phrases in Malagasy or French before traveling.
  • What are some common greetings in Malagasy?
    'Salama' (hello) and 'Veloma' (goodbye) are common greetings in Malagasy. 'Misaotra' (thank you) is also commonly used.
  • Are there any cultural etiquette rules to be aware of in Madagascar?
    It is important to greet people with a handshake and maintain eye contact. It is also considered polite to bring a small gift when visiting someone's home.
  • What are some popular festivals and celebrations in Madagascar?
    Some popular festivals and celebrations in Madagascar include the Independence Day celebration on June 26th, the Donia Music Festival in May, and the Famadihana festival in July or August.
  • What is the literacy rate in Madagascar?
    As of 2021, the literacy rate in Madagascar is estimated to be around 64%. However, there is a significant disparity between urban and rural areas.
  • What are some common languages spoken in Madagascar?
    In addition to Malagasy and French, other common languages spoken in Madagascar include English, Chinese, and Hindi due to increasing tourism and trade.
  • Is it customary to tip in Madagascar?
    Tipping is not expected in Madagascar, but it is appreciated for exceptional service. It is recommended to tip around 10% at restaurants and to give small tips to hotel staff and tour guides.
  • What is the main religion in Madagascar?
    The main religion in Madagascar is Christianity, with about half of the population practicing Roman Catholicism and the other half practicing Protestantism.
  • Are there any specific cultural norms or taboos to be aware of in Madagascar?
    It is important to respect local customs and traditions, such as asking for permission before taking photos of people or sacred sites. It is also considered disrespectful to point with your finger or show the soles of your feet.
  • What are some common modes of payment accepted in Madagascar?
    Cash is the most commonly accepted form of payment in Madagascar. Some major hotels and restaurants may accept credit cards, but it is recommended to carry cash for smaller purchases.
  • Can I use my cell phone in Madagascar?
    It is possible to use your cell phone in Madagascar, but it may be expensive due to international roaming charges. It is recommended to purchase a local SIM card or use a messaging app with Wi-Fi.
  • What are some popular activities for eco-tourism in Madagascar?
    Some popular activities for eco-tourism in Madagascar include visiting national parks and reserves, such as Andasibe-Mantadia National Park and Masoala National Park, and participating in community-based ecotourism initiatives.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting national parks and reserves in Madagascar?
    It is recommended to wear comfortable, lightweight clothing and closed-toe shoes when visiting national parks and reserves in Madagascar. Long pants and long-sleeved shirts are also recommended to protect against insects and sun exposure.
  • What are some common modes of transportation within national parks and reserves in Madagascar?
    Some common modes of transportation within national parks and reserves in Madagascar include hiking, 4x4 vehicles, and boat rides.
  • Are there any specific rules or regulations for visiting national parks and reserves in Madagascar?
    It is important to follow the rules and regulations set by the park authorities, such as staying on designated trails and not disturbing wildlife. It is also recommended to hire a local guide for a more informative and safe experience.
  • What is the main source of income for people living in rural areas of Madagascar?
    The main source of income for people living in rural areas of Madagascar is agriculture, particularly subsistence farming.
  • What are some common crops grown in Madagascar?
    Some common crops grown in Madagascar include rice, cassava, maize, and vanilla.
  • What is the main export of Madagascar?
    The main export of Madagascar is vanilla, followed by coffee, cloves, and seafood.

A Closer Look at Madagascar

Madagascar Flag


Madagascar Formation Date

Madagascar gained independence from France on June 26, 1960.

Madagascar Capital Name

The capital of Madagascar is Antananarivo.

Madagascar Neighbours

  1. Mozambique Mozambique
  2. Seychelles Seychelles
  3. Comoros Comoros
  4. Tanzania Tanzania
  5. Malawi Malawi
  6. South Africa South Africa

Exploring Madagascar

Madagascar: A Fascinating Island Nation

Madagascar, located off the coast of Southeast Africa, is a country that is often overlooked by travelers. However, this island nation is home to a rich and diverse culture, stunning natural landscapes, and a unique history that sets it apart from other destinations. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I have had the opportunity to explore Madagascar and uncover its many hidden treasures. In this article, I will take you on a journey through this captivating country, sharing its geography, history, culture, and more.

Key Takeaways:

- Madagascar is an island nation located off the coast of Southeast Africa. - The country's name comes from the Portuguese phrase "ilha de São Lourenço," meaning "Island of Saint Lawrence." - Madagascar is known for its diverse wildlife, including lemurs and chameleons. - The country has a unique blend of African, Asian, and European influences in its culture.


Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world, with a total area of 587,041 square kilometers. It is situated in the Indian Ocean, approximately 400 kilometers east of mainland Africa. The island is divided into six provinces, each with its own distinct landscape and natural features. The geography of Madagascar is characterized by a variety of physical features, including mountains, rivers, and forests. The highest point on the island is Maromokotro at 2,876 meters. The country is also home to several rivers, including the Mangoky and Betsiboka rivers. The lush rainforests of Madagascar are known for their unique flora and fauna, with over 80% of the island's plant and animal species found nowhere else on Earth. Madagascar is also rich in natural resources such as minerals (including ilmenite, nickel, and chromite), fish, and timber. The country's climate is tropical, with a wet season from November to April and a dry season from May to October. Cyclones are common during the wet season, making it the best time to visit Madagascar for its pleasant weather.

Origin and History:

Madagascar has a long and fascinating history, dating back thousands of years. The island was first inhabited by Austronesian people around 350 BC, who were later joined by Bantu migrants from East Africa. These early civilizations developed complex societies and traded with Arab and Indian merchants. In the 16th century, Portuguese explorers arrived on the island and named it "ilha de São Lourenço." Over the next few centuries, Madagascar was colonized by the French and British, who brought African slaves to work on plantations. In 1960, Madagascar gained its independence from France, marking a new chapter in its history.

Government and Politics:

Madagascar is a semi-presidential representative democratic republic with a multi-party system. The President is both the head of state and government, while the Prime Minister serves as the head of government. The country is divided into 22 regions, which are further divided into 119 districts. Madagascar has had a tumultuous political history since gaining independence, with several coups and political instability. However, in recent years, the country has made strides towards democracy and stability. Madagascar also maintains diplomatic relations with many countries, including France, China, and the United States.

Commerce and Economy:

The economy of Madagascar is primarily driven by agriculture, which accounts for over 25% of the country's GDP. The main crops grown in Madagascar include coffee, vanilla, cloves, and rice. The country also has a growing tourism industry, thanks to its unique wildlife and natural landscapes. Madagascar's main trading partners include France, China, and the United States. The currency used in Madagascar is the Malagasy ariary, which was introduced in 2005 to replace the Malagasy franc.


Madagascar has a population of approximately 27 million people, with a majority living in rural areas. The country is home to 18 different ethnic groups, with the Merina being the largest. The official languages of Madagascar are Malagasy and French, with Malagasy being spoken by the majority of the population. The population of Madagascar is relatively young, with over 60% of its citizens under the age of 25. The country also has a high birth rate and a life expectancy of around 66 years.


Madagascar's culture is a unique blend of African, Asian, and European influences. The country's traditional art and music are heavily influenced by its diverse ethnic groups. Traditional dances such as the "Salegy" and "Hira Gasy" are popular forms of entertainment. The people of Madagascar also celebrate a variety of festivals and holidays throughout the year. One of the most famous is the "Famadihana," or turning of the bones ceremony, where families gather to honor their ancestors by exhuming their remains and dancing with them.

Languages and Religion:

The two official languages of Madagascar are Malagasy and French. However, there are also several regional dialects spoken throughout the country. Malagasy is an Austronesian language with influences from Bantu, Arabic, and French. The majority of people in Madagascar practice traditional beliefs or a blend of traditional beliefs and Christianity. However, there is also a significant Muslim population on the island.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

Madagascar's education system is based on the French model, with primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of education. The country has a literacy rate of around 64%, with efforts being made to improve access to education for all citizens. The healthcare system in Madagascar is still developing, with limited resources and access to medical care in rural areas. However, the government has implemented initiatives to improve public health, including vaccination campaigns and efforts to reduce the prevalence of malaria.

Sports and Recreation:

Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Madagascar, with the national team achieving some success in international competitions. The country also has a strong tradition of rugby and is known for its annual "Tour de Madagascar" cycling race. For outdoor enthusiasts, Madagascar offers a wide range of activities such as hiking, snorkeling, and wildlife safaris. The country's national parks, including Ranomafana and Andasibe-Mantadia, are popular destinations for nature lovers.


Madagascar's tourism industry is growing in popularity, thanks to its unique natural landscapes and diverse wildlife. The island is home to several national parks and reserves, where visitors can see lemurs, chameleons, and other endemic species. Some of the must-visit places in Madagascar include the Avenue of the Baobabs, a famous stretch of baobab trees; the Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park, known for its limestone formations; and the beach town of Nosy Be.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

If you are planning a trip to Madagascar, there are a few things you should know before you go. Visitors from most countries will need a visa to enter Madagascar, which can be obtained upon arrival at the airport or online before your trip. Health and safety should also be taken into consideration when traveling to Madagascar. It is recommended to get vaccinated against diseases such as yellow fever and malaria before your trip. Visitors should also be cautious of pickpocketing and scams in major cities. The local currency in Madagascar is the Malagasy ariary, and credit cards are not widely accepted outside of major cities. It is best to carry cash and exchange it at banks or official exchange offices.


- "Madagascar is a dream destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers." - Unknown - "I never knew of a morning in Africa when I woke up and was not happy." - Ernest Hemingway - "The diversity of Madagascar's wildlife is simply astounding." - David Attenborough


Madagascar is a country that has something for everyone, from its stunning natural landscapes to its rich cultural heritage. As the country continues to develop and promote tourism, it is sure to become a must-visit destination for travelers around the world. So pack your bags and get ready to experience the magic of Madagascar for yourself.

Madagascar Highest Point Name

The highest point in Madagascar is Maromokotro, which stands at an elevation of 2,876 meters (9,436 feet). This peak is located in the Tsaratanana Massif mountain range, in the northern section of the country in the Sava Region. It is an active volcano, although it is not currently erupting.

Madagascar Capital Longitude

Antananarivo, Madagascar is the capital of the country and it has a longitude of 47.5079° E.

Madagascar Capital Latitude

Antananarivo, Madagascar. Latitude: -18.9208.

Madagascar Official Languages

The official languages of Madagascar are Malagasy and French.

Madagascar Ethnic Groups

The population of Madagascar is made up of eighteen ethnic groups. The largest of these are the Merina people, accounting for approximately 25 percent of the population. The Tanala and Betsileo are the two other main ethnic groups. The other fifteen ethnic groups are the Bezanozano, Antemoro, Antakarana, Sihanaka, Antankarana, Tsimihety, Sakalava, Betsimisaraka, Mahafaly, Bara, Antanosy, Antaisaka, Masikoro, Vezo, and the Tetsileo. Each group speaks a different dialect of the Malagasy language, with the Merina dominating. Many of the ethnic groups have unique cultures with ancient traditions, such as traditional music and dancing, the construction of tombs and the practice of ceremonial ancestor worship.

Madagascar Religions

The predominant religion in Madagascar is Christianity with around half of the population being Protestant and about a fourth being Roman Catholic. The remaining population follows traditional religious beliefs, including animism which focuses on the spiritual nature of all human and non-human beings. These traditional beliefs have been heavily influenced by Hinduism and Islam which were introduced to Madagascar by merchants and immigrants from Africa, India, and Indonesia. There are also small pockets of followers of other religions including Judaism, Baha'i Faith, and Buddhism.

Madagascar Total Area

The total area of Madagascar is 587,041 square kilometers (226,658 square miles).

Madagascar Land Area

Madagascar has a total land area of 587,041 square miles (1,522,860 km2).

Madagascar Water Area

The total water area of Madagascar is estimated to be 3,000 square kilometers (1,158 square miles). The major rivers in Madagascar include the onlaby, Mangoky, Tsiribihina, and Onive. The island also contains several lakes, with the largest lake being Amberatiase, located in the eastern part of Madagascar.

Madagascar Total Population

As of 2020, the total population of Madagascar is approximately 27,368,523.

Madagascar Currency Name

The currency of Madagascar is the Malagasy Ariary (MGA).

Madagascar Currency Code

The currency code for Madagascar is MGA.

Madagascar Currency Symbol

Ariary (MGA)

Madagascar Calling Code

The country calling code for Madagascar is +261

Madagascar Internet TLD

How to Say "Madagascar" In Different Languages?

مدغشقر (ar-AE)
Madagáscar (pt-BR)
马达加斯加 (zh-CN)
Madagaskar (cs-CZ)
Madagaskar (da-DK)
Madagaskar (fi-FI)
Madagascar (fr-FR)
Madagaskar (de-DE)
Madagaszkár (hu-HU)
मैडागास्कर (hi-IN)
Madagaskar (id-ID)
Madagascar (it-IT)
マダガスカル (ja-JP)
Madagaskar (nl-NL)
Madagaskar (pl-PL)
Мадагаскар (ru-RU)
Madagaskar (af-ZA)
Madagascar (es-ES)
Madagaskar (sv-SE)
Madagaskar (tr-TR)

Madagascar Popular Holidays

University Day
32 October
New Year's Day
1 January
Youth Day
8 January
3 February
Decoration Day
9 February
24 February
Women's Day
8 March
Revolution Day
23 March
Family Day
24 March
Culture Day
25 March
Good Friday
14 April
Easter Monday
17 April
May Day
1 May
Labour Day
1 May
Our Lady of Fatima Day
13 May
Ascension of Jesus
30 May
Independence Day
26 June
Prophet Day
7 July
Martyrs of the Revolution Day
29 July
Victory Day
4 August
National Reconciliation Day
10 August
Assumption Day
15 August
Heroes Day
25 August
Armed Forces Day
14 October
Flag Day
17 October
All Saints' Day
1 November
Day of the Dead
2 November
Children's Day
16 November
Charter Day
11 December
St. Sylvester Day
31 December

We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Madagascar

National and Public Holidays in Madagascar next days/week/month/year

Slavery Remembrance Day

Slavery Remembrance Day is an annual holiday commemorating the history of the African diaspora. It honors the struggles of those taken from Africa against the horrors of the transatlantic slave trade, as well as those who fought for equality and freedom. It is celebrated on the last Sunday of August and on August 1 in some countries.

Christmas Day in Madagascar

"Experience the unique blend of tradition and celebration on Christmas Day in Madagascar. This observance holiday brings together local customs and festivities, making it a truly memorable experience for travelers. Dive into the vibrant culture and immerse yourself in the joyful spirit of the Malagasy people during this national holiday."

New Year’s Eve in Madagascar

"Escape to the lively island of Madagascar for an unforgettable New Year's Eve celebration. Immerse yourself in the rich cultural traditions and vibrant festivities of this national holiday, as locals gather to feast, dance, and ring in the new year with joy and merriment. A truly unique and festive experience not to be missed."

New Year’s Day

New Year's Day is celebrated on January 1 and marks the beginning of a new calendar year. It is a public holiday in many countries, including Canada, Australia, and the United States. Traditions include fireworks, parade, and special meals, along with family gatherings and often resolutions for a fresh start. People observe the holiday by counting down the seconds to midnight, watching the ball drop in Times Square, and celebrating with friends and family. To many, the holiday symbolizes a time of renewal, reflection, and hope for the future.

New Year’s Day in Madagascar

"As the vibrant streets of Madagascar fill with joyful celebrations and colorful parades, it's clear that New Year's Day is not just a national holiday here, but a festival of culture and tradition. Embrace the lively spirit and immerse yourself in the unique customs of this observance, a must for every adventurous traveler."

Saint Valentine’s Day 2024

Valentine's Day is a celebration of love and romance. It is celebrated on February 14 each year with cards, treats, and gifts shared among lovers. It is a traditional holiday with many customs. Popular activities include sending cards, making homemade gifts, and decorating. Restaurants and stores often offer sweet treats and special gifts. It is the perfect day for couples to spend time together and show their love for one another.

International Women’s Day (IWD): 8 March

International Women’s Day (IWD), celebrated annually on 8 March, is a global holiday devoted to recognizing the social, cultural, economic, and political achievements of women. It is also a call to action for accelerating gender equality and challenging the biases that interact with the current gender norms. This celebration of female achievement is a reminder of the challenges women still face, from wage and opportunity inequality, to access to healthcare. IWD is a reminder to recognize and honor all women around the world.

International Women’s Day in Madagascar

"Experience the vibrant celebration of International Women's Day in Madagascar, a national holiday that honors the strength and achievements of women throughout the country. Immerse yourself in the colorful traditions and festivities while exploring the rich cultural diversity of this beautiful island nation."

Martyrs’ Day in Madagascar

"Join in the vibrant celebrations of Martyrs' Day in Madagascar, a national holiday honoring the brave soldiers who fought for independence. Immerse yourself in the rich culture, colorful traditions, and mouth-watering cuisine of this beautiful island nation. A must-see for any travel enthusiast and a perfect blend of history and adventure. Don't miss out on this unique holiday experience!" [49 words]

African Freedom Day

African Freedom Day is a holiday celebrated annually on May 25 to commemorate the freedom of African nations from colonial rule. It is a time to celebrate the progress made in African countries towards independence and to recall the struggle for human rights and justice. The day is also observed to remember past and present struggles and to mark a commitment to a stronger, more equitable future for the continent.

Upcoming Festivals in Madagascar

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Leap Day in United States of America

Celebrate the extra day of the year in style with Leap Day in the United States of America! This unique observance allows for an additional 24 hours of exploration, making it the perfect time to discover hidden gems and indulge in local traditions. Don't miss out on this special national holiday.

Independence Day in Bangladesh

Independence Day is a government holiday in Bangladesh

Easter Sunday in Switzerland

"Easter Sunday in Switzerland is a delightful blend of festive traditions and stunning alpine scenery. From charming processions and colorful markets, to indulging in delicious chocolate eggs and hiking in the Swiss Alps, this national observance holiday offers a unique cultural experience that will leave visitors in awe."

Easter Sunday in Ecuador

Observance: Experience the vibrant culture and rich traditions of Ecuador on Easter Sunday. Join in the colorful processions and witness the unique blend of Catholic and indigenous beliefs. Explore the beautiful landscapes and indulge in traditional delicacies. A truly enchanting holiday for every traveler.

Easter Sunday in Luxembourg

"Easter Sunday in Luxembourg, a national holiday filled with vibrant traditions and lively celebrations. From the colorful Easter markets to the famous egg hunts, this festive occasion brings the whole community together in a spirit of joy and renewal. A must-visit for anyone looking to immerse themselves in Luxembourg's rich culture and traditions."

Easter Sunday in Slovakia

"Easter Sunday in Slovakia is a beautiful celebration of both religious and cultural traditions. The country comes alive with colorful processions, traditional folk music, and delectable Easter dishes. From the stunning architecture of Bratislava to the quaint villages in the countryside, this observance is a must-see for any traveler seeking an authentic cultural experience." (50 words)

Easter Sunday in Uruguay

"Easter Sunday in Uruguay is a vibrant celebration of faith and culture. From the bustling streets of Montevideo to the tranquil beach towns, the nation comes alive with processions, colorful decorations, and traditional food. Immerse yourself in the local customs and take part in this national holiday that embodies the spirit of Uruguay." (observance)

Easter Sunday in Estonia

Easter Sunday in Estonia is a festive national holiday filled with colorful traditions and local cuisine. From egg painting and traditional church services to indulging in delicious Easter bread and smoked ham, this observance is a must-visit to experience the authentic culture of Estonia.

Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau

"Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau is a vibrant celebration filled with colorful processions, traditional music, and joyful feasts. As a national holiday, it is deeply rooted in the country's rich cultural heritage and serves as a time for families and communities to come together in unity and celebration."

Easter Sunday in Sweden

"Easter Sunday in Sweden is a vibrant celebration of spring's arrival, filled with colorful traditions and mouth-watering feasts. As a national holiday, families gather to decorate eggs, indulge in delicious sweets, and revel in the joyous atmosphere of rebirth and renewal. A must-visit for those seeking a cultural and culinary immersion in Sweden."

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