Guatemala is a country in Central America that is known for its diverse geography, mountainous terrain, colonial ruins, and Mayan ruins. It has beautiful rain forests and beaches, active volcanoes, and a variety of lakes. It is also known for its rich culture and vibrant colors. It is a great destination for adventurous tourists.

Tourism in Guatemala: A Festive and Enchanting Experience

Guatemala, a country rich in culture and natural beauty, is a popular tourist destination for travelers seeking an authentic and vibrant experience. With its festive spirit, welcoming locals, and diverse attractions, Guatemala offers a unique blend of adventure, relaxation, and cultural immersion. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I invite you to join me on a journey through this enchanting country, where every moment is a celebration.

Introducing the Festive Spirit of Guatemala

The first thing that strikes visitors to Guatemala is the lively atmosphere and sense of community. The country is known for its colorful festivals, which are an integral part of the Guatemalan culture. From the vibrant Day of the Dead celebrations to the elaborate Semana Santa processions, there is always something to celebrate in Guatemala. The streets come alive with music, dance, and traditional costumes as locals and tourists alike join in the festivities.

Unique Tourist Attractions

Guatemala boasts a diverse range of attractions that cater to all kinds of travelers. For nature lovers, there are stunning national parks like Tikal National Park, home to ancient Mayan ruins nestled in the jungle. Adventure seekers can explore the active Pacaya volcano or hike to the top of Acatenango volcano for breathtaking views. History buffs can visit the UNESCO World Heritage site of Antigua Guatemala, a charming colonial city with well-preserved architecture and rich cultural heritage.

Important Places to Visit

While there are countless places to visit in Guatemala, some stand out as must-see destinations. Lake Atitlan, surrounded by three majestic volcanoes, is often described as one of the most beautiful lakes in the world. The colorful market town of Chichicastenango is another must-visit for its bustling market and traditional Mayan rituals. The ancient city of Tikal, with its towering pyramids and temples, is a must for anyone interested in Mayan history.

Activities to Experience

Guatemala offers a plethora of activities for tourists to indulge in. Take a boat ride on Lake Atitlan to visit the picturesque villages around the lake. Go zip-lining through the lush rainforest or try your hand at whitewater rafting on the Cahabón River. For a more relaxed experience, take a coffee tour and learn about Guatemala’s world-renowned coffee industry. And of course, no trip to Guatemala is complete without trying some delicious local cuisine.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Guatemala has a well-developed transportation system, making it easy for tourists to navigate the country. The main modes of transportation are buses, shuttles, and taxis. Buses are the most affordable option, with routes connecting major cities and tourist destinations. Shuttles are a convenient option for longer distances and can be arranged through tour companies or hotels. Taxis are widely available in cities and can be hailed on the street or booked through ride-hailing apps.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

Most foreign visitors to Guatemala do not require a visa for stays of up to 90 days. However, it is always best to check with your country’s embassy or consulate for the latest visa requirements. If you do require a visa, the application process is straightforward and can be done online or at the Guatemalan embassy in your home country.

Health and Safety

While Guatemala is generally a safe country for tourists, it is always advisable to take precautions. Make sure to get vaccinated against common diseases like hepatitis A and typhoid before your trip. It is also recommended to drink bottled water and avoid street food to prevent stomach illnesses. As with any destination, it is essential to be aware of your surroundings and avoid isolated areas, especially at night.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Guatemalans are known for their warm hospitality and welcoming nature. It is customary to greet people with a smile and a handshake, and it is considered polite to address people by their titles. When visiting churches or other religious sites, dress modestly and remove your hat. And always ask for permission before taking photos of locals or their homes.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Guatemala is the Quetzal (GTQ). US dollars are widely accepted, but it is advisable to have some local currency for smaller purchases. Credit cards are accepted in major cities and tourist areas, but it is always best to have some cash on hand for smaller establishments. ATMs are readily available in cities, but it is advisable to inform your bank before traveling to avoid any issues with international transactions.

Festive Activities in Guatemala

The festive spirit in Guatemala extends beyond traditional holidays and celebrations. The country offers unique activities that allow tourists to immerse themselves in the local culture and traditions.

Connect with Country Traditions

One of the most popular festive activities in Guatemala is the Day of the Dead celebrations. During this time, locals honor their ancestors by decorating cemeteries with colorful flowers and offering traditional foods. Visitors can participate in these celebrations by joining a local family or attending a cultural event.

Experience Traditional Festivals

Guatemala is home to many traditional festivals throughout the year, each with its unique customs and rituals. The Semana Santa processions, held during Easter week, are a must-see for their elaborate floats and religious processions. Other festivals include the Festival of the Giant Kites in Sumpango and the Burning of the Devil in Antigua.

Infrastructure & Transit in Guatemala

Guatemala’s public transportation system is efficient and reliable, making it easy for tourists to travel around the country. However, during peak tourist season, it can get crowded, so it is best to plan your trips in advance.

Tips for Efficient Travel

To avoid long lines and overcrowded buses, it is best to travel early in the morning or late at night. If you are planning to visit popular tourist destinations like Tikal or Lake Atitlan, it is advisable to book your tickets in advance. And for those who prefer a more comfortable and convenient option, private shuttles are available for hire.

Accommodation Options in Guatemala

From luxury resorts to budget-friendly hostels, Guatemala offers a range of accommodation options to suit every traveler’s needs.

Luxury Accommodations

For those seeking a luxurious experience, Guatemala has no shortage of upscale hotels and resorts. Many of these properties offer stunning views of natural landscapes and top-notch amenities like spas and gourmet restaurants.

Budget-Friendly Options

For budget travelers, there are plenty of affordable accommodations in Guatemala, including hostels, guesthouses, and homestays. These options not only save money but also offer a chance to interact with locals and learn about their way of life.

Advantages of Different Accommodations

Choosing the right accommodation can enhance your experience in Guatemala. For example, staying at a boutique hotel in Antigua allows easy access to the city’s historical sites, while a beachfront resort on the Pacific coast provides a serene and relaxing atmosphere.

Shopping and Souvenirs in Guatemala

No trip to Guatemala is complete without indulging in some retail therapy and bringing home unique souvenirs to remember your trip.

Key Shopping Districts

Antigua and Guatemala City are popular shopping destinations, offering a mix of modern malls and traditional markets. The Chichicastenango market is a must-visit for its colorful textiles, handmade crafts, and fresh produce. Other popular markets include the Mercado Central in Guatemala City and the Nim Po’t market in Antigua.

Finding Unique Souvenirs

When shopping for souvenirs in Guatemala, look for items that represent the country’s culture and traditions. Handwoven textiles, wooden carvings, and traditional masks are popular choices. It is also advisable to buy directly from local artisans to support their livelihoods.

Technology and Connectivity

Staying connected while traveling in Guatemala is essential for safety and convenience. Fortunately, the country has good internet coverage, and most hotels and restaurants offer free Wi-Fi.

Staying Connected

To stay connected while traveling in Guatemala, it is best to purchase a local SIM card. These can be bought at the airport or at any phone store. If you prefer to use your own SIM card, make sure to check with your provider for international roaming rates.

Useful Apps

There are several useful apps for travelers in Guatemala, including Google Maps for navigation, Google Translate for language translation, and Airbnb for booking accommodations. It is also advisable to download apps specific to the country’s events and festivals for easy ticket purchases and event schedules.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Guatemala’s natural beauty makes it an ideal destination for eco-tourism and outdoor adventures. The country offers a range of activities that allow visitors to explore its diverse landscapes while promoting responsible tourism practices.

Eco-Friendly Travel Options

From hiking and camping in national parks to exploring the country’s many caves, there are plenty of eco-friendly travel options in Guatemala. Tour companies and hotels also offer sustainable tours and activities that support local communities and protect the environment.

Outdoor Adventures

For adventure seekers, Guatemala offers a variety of activities, including zip-lining, kayaking, and horseback riding. These activities allow visitors to experience the country’s natural beauty while getting their adrenaline pumping.

Local Festivals and Events

In addition to the major festivals and events, there are many smaller local celebrations that take place throughout the year in Guatemala. These events offer a more intimate and authentic experience for tourists.

Smaller Local Festivals

The Festival of Santo Tomas in Chichicastenango and the Kite Festival in Santiago Sacatepéquez are two popular local festivals that offer a glimpse into the country’s traditional customs and rituals. These festivals are often less crowded than the major events, making them perfect for those looking for a more immersive experience.

Practical Advice and Tips

Before embarking on your trip to Guatemala, it is essential to plan and prepare to make the most of your experience.

Budgeting for Your Trip

Guatemala is an affordable destination, but it is always best to have a budget in mind to avoid overspending. Research the costs of accommodations, transportation, food, and activities to get an idea of how much you will need for your trip.

Safety Tips

While Guatemala is generally safe for tourists, it is always best to exercise caution. Avoid carrying large amounts of cash or wearing expensive jewelry. Be aware of your surroundings and avoid isolated areas, especially at night.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

Practical Information

To make the most of your trip to Guatemala, it is essential to have practical information at hand. This includes the schedule for major festivals and events, ticket acquisition, and venue locations. It is also advisable to visit during the dry season (November-April) for optimal weather conditions.

Not-to-be-Missed Events and Activities

While there are countless things to see and do in Guatemala, some events and activities should not be missed. These include the Day of the Dead celebrations, Semana Santa processions, and a visit to Tikal National Park.

Suitable Attire

The climate in Guatemala varies depending on the region, but it is generally warm and humid. It is advisable to pack lightweight, breathable clothing and comfortable walking shoes. For traditional festivals and events, it is best to dress modestly and respectfully.

Dos and Don’ts

To show respect for the local culture and customs, it is important to follow some dos and don’ts while visiting Guatemala. Do greet people with a smile and a handshake, do try the local cuisine, and do ask for permission before taking photos. Don’t wear revealing clothing in public places, don’t touch religious artifacts without permission, and don’t litter.

Language Assistance

While Spanish is the official language in Guatemala, many locals also speak indigenous languages like Mayan. It is always appreciated when tourists make an effort to learn a few common phrases in Spanish or the local language. This not only helps with communication but also shows respect for the local culture.

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergencies during your trip, it is essential to have important contact numbers at hand. The general emergency number in Guatemala is 110 for police, 118 for fire and ambulance services, and 1500 for tourist assistance.

In conclusion, Guatemala offers a unique and enchanting experience for tourists, with its festive spirit, diverse attractions, and warm hospitality. By following this comprehensive guide, you can make the most of your trip to this beautiful country and create unforgettable memories. So pack your bags and get ready to immerse yourself in the vibrant culture and natural beauty of Guatemala. ¡Buen viaje!

Discover the Fascinating Country of Guatemala: Statistics and Data

Guatemala is a country located in Central America, bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. It is a diverse and vibrant country with a rich history and culture. In this article, we will delve into the statistics and data of Guatemala to gain a better understanding of this beautiful country.

Population and Demographics

According to the latest estimates from the United Nations, Guatemala’s population is approximately 17.2 million people as of 2021. The country has a relatively young population, with a median age of 22.9 years. The majority of Guatemalans (60%) live in urban areas, with the largest city being Guatemala City.

The population of Guatemala is predominantly Mestizo (mixed European and indigenous ancestry), making up 41% of the population. Indigenous peoples make up 41% as well, with Mayan groups being the largest indigenous group. Other ethnic groups in Guatemala include Afro-Guatemalans, Garifuna, and Xinca.


Guatemala has a developing economy that is heavily reliant on agriculture, which accounts for around 23% of its GDP. The country’s main exports include coffee, sugar, bananas, and textiles. However, there has been a recent shift towards manufacturing and services industries.

According to the World Bank, Guatemala’s GDP was $84.5 billion in 2020, with a per capita income of $4,895. The country’s economy has been growing steadily in recent years, with an average annual growth rate of 3% between 2015-2019.


Tourism is a significant contributor to Guatemala’s economy, with the country attracting over 2 million visitors in 2019. The most popular destinations for tourists include the ancient Mayan ruins of Tikal, the colonial city of Antigua, and the beautiful Lake Atitlán.


The literacy rate in Guatemala is relatively low at 81.5%, with a significant disparity between males (85.1%) and females (77.9%). However, the government has made efforts to improve access to education, and the country has seen an increase in primary school enrollment in recent years.


Guatemala has a universal healthcare system that provides free healthcare to its citizens. However, the quality of healthcare varies significantly between urban and rural areas. The country has a high infant mortality rate of 22.8 deaths per 1,000 live births and a life expectancy of 74 years.

Crime and Safety

Guatemala has a high crime rate, with an average of 37 homicides per 100,000 people in 2020. The majority of crimes are related to gang violence and drug trafficking. The US Department of State has issued a Level 3 Travel Advisory for Guatemala, advising travelers to exercise increased caution due to crime.

Environmental Concerns

Deforestation is a significant environmental issue in Guatemala, with the country losing around 1% of its forest cover annually. This is mainly due to agricultural expansion and illegal logging. The country also faces challenges with water pollution and access to clean drinking water.


In conclusion, Guatemala is a diverse and fascinating country with a developing economy and rich cultural heritage. While it faces challenges in areas such as education, healthcare, and crime, the government is making efforts to address these issues. With its stunning landscapes, ancient ruins, and vibrant culture, Guatemala is a must-visit destination for travelers looking to experience the beauty of Central America.

– United Nations Population Division
– World Bank
– CIA World Factbook
– US Department of State
– World Health Organization

  • What is the capital of Guatemala?
    The capital of Guatemala is Guatemala City.
  • What is the official language of Guatemala?
    The official language of Guatemala is Spanish.
  • What is the currency used in Guatemala?
    The currency used in Guatemala is the Guatemalan quetzal (GTQ).
  • What is the population of Guatemala?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Guatemala is over 18 million people.
  • What are some popular dishes in Guatemala?
    Some popular dishes in Guatemala include tamales, chiles rellenos, and pepián.
  • What is the national dish of Guatemala?
    The national dish of Guatemala is pepián, a hearty stew made with meat, vegetables, and spices.
  • What are some traditional music and songs in Guatemala?
    Some traditional music and songs in Guatemala include marimba music and marimba dance.
  • What are some popular tourist destinations in Guatemala?
    Some popular tourist destinations in Guatemala include Antigua, Lake Atitlán, and Tikal National Park.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Guatemala?
    Citizens of most countries do not need a visa to visit Guatemala for up to 90 days. However, it is always best to check with your local embassy or consulate for the most up-to-date information.
  • Is it safe to travel to Guatemala?
    While there are some safety concerns in certain areas of Guatemala, overall it is considered a safe country for tourists. It is always important to exercise caution and be aware of your surroundings when traveling anywhere.
  • What is the best time of year to visit Guatemala?
    The best time of year to visit Guatemala is during the dry season, which runs from November to April. This is when you will have the best weather for outdoor activities and sightseeing.
  • What is the weather like in Guatemala?
    The weather in Guatemala varies depending on the region, but overall it is a tropical climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. The highlands tend to be cooler than the lowlands, and temperatures can range from 50°F (10°C) to 90°F (32°C).
  • Do I need any vaccinations before traveling to Guatemala?
    It is recommended to get vaccinated for hepatitis A and typhoid before traveling to Guatemala. Other recommended vaccinations include hepatitis B, rabies, and yellow fever depending on your travel plans.
  • What is the time zone in Guatemala?
    Guatemala is in the Central Standard Time (CST) zone, which is GMT-6.
  • What is the electrical voltage in Guatemala?
    The electrical voltage in Guatemala is 120V with type A and B sockets. It is recommended to bring a universal adapter if your devices use a different voltage or plug type.
  • Can I drink tap water in Guatemala?
    It is not recommended to drink tap water in Guatemala. It is best to stick to bottled or filtered water while traveling.
  • What are some common modes of transportation in Guatemala?
    Common modes of transportation in Guatemala include buses, taxis, and tuk-tuks. Private shuttles and rental cars are also available for longer distances.
  • Is it customary to tip in Guatemala?
    Tipping is not expected in Guatemala, but it is appreciated for good service. A 10% tip is considered generous.
  • What is the dress code in Guatemala?
    The dress code in Guatemala is generally casual, but it is important to dress modestly when visiting religious sites. In more upscale restaurants or clubs, business casual attire is appropriate.
  • What are some common greetings in Guatemala?
    Common greetings in Guatemala include saying "hola" (hello) or "buenos días" (good morning) for a formal greeting. For friends and family, "¿cómo estás?" (how are you?) is commonly used.
  • What are some cultural customs and traditions in Guatemala?
    Some cultural customs and traditions in Guatemala include celebrating Dia de los Muertos (Day of the Dead), wearing traditional clothing such as the huipil and corte, and participating in colorful processions during Holy Week.
  • What are some important Spanish phrases to know when traveling to Guatemala?
    Some important Spanish phrases to know when traveling to Guatemala include "por favor" (please), "gracias" (thank you), and "¿dónde está el baño?" (where is the bathroom?).
  • What are some safety tips for traveling in Guatemala?
    Some safety tips for traveling in Guatemala include avoiding walking alone at night, being aware of your surroundings, and not carrying large amounts of cash or valuables with you.
  • Can I use my cell phone in Guatemala?
    Most major cell phone carriers have coverage in Guatemala, but it is important to check with your provider before traveling to ensure you have an international plan or purchase a local SIM card.
  • What is the emergency number in Guatemala?
    The emergency number in Guatemala is 110 for police, 118 for fire, and 128 for ambulance.
  • What are some common souvenirs to buy in Guatemala?
    Some common souvenirs to buy in Guatemala include handwoven textiles, coffee, jade jewelry, and wooden crafts.
  • What is the tipping etiquette for restaurants in Guatemala?
    It is not expected to tip in restaurants in Guatemala, but it is appreciated for good service. A 10% tip is considered generous.
  • What is the legal drinking age in Guatemala?
    The legal drinking age in Guatemala is 18 years old.
  • What is the legal smoking age in Guatemala?
    The legal smoking age in Guatemala is 18 years old.
  • What are some popular festivals and celebrations in Guatemala?
    Some popular festivals and celebrations in Guatemala include Independence Day on September 15th, Dia de los Muertos (Day of the Dead) on November 1st and 2nd, and Semana Santa (Holy Week) leading up to Easter Sunday.
  • Are there any cultural taboos or customs I should be aware of when visiting Guatemala?
    Some cultural taboos or customs to be aware of when visiting Guatemala include not pointing with your index finger, not wearing revealing clothing at religious sites, and not touching someone's head without permission.
  • What are some popular outdoor activities in Guatemala?
    Some popular outdoor activities in Guatemala include hiking to volcanoes, exploring Mayan ruins, and visiting natural reserves such as Semuc Champey and Lake Atitlán.
  • Is it necessary to speak Spanish when traveling to Guatemala?
    While it is helpful to know some basic Spanish when traveling to Guatemala, it is not necessary. Many people in tourist areas speak English, and you can also use translation apps or hire a guide if needed.
  • What is the best way to exchange currency in Guatemala?
    The best way to exchange currency in Guatemala is to withdraw cash from an ATM using your debit or credit card. You can also exchange money at banks or currency exchange offices, but they may charge higher fees.
  • Are there any cultural etiquette rules I should follow when visiting someone's home in Guatemala?
    Some cultural etiquette rules to follow when visiting someone's home in Guatemala include bringing a small gift, removing your shoes before entering, and waiting to be invited before sitting down.
  • What are some traditional crafts and art forms in Guatemala?
    Some traditional crafts and art forms in Guatemala include weaving textiles, making pottery, and creating colorful paintings and sculptures.
  • What are some common modes of transportation for getting around within cities in Guatemala?
    Common modes of transportation for getting around within cities in Guatemala include buses, taxis, and tuk-tuks. Walking is also a popular option for shorter distances.
  • What are some popular day trips from Guatemala City?
    Some popular day trips from Guatemala City include visiting Antigua, hiking Pacaya Volcano, and exploring the Chichicastenango Market.
  • Is it necessary to have travel insurance when visiting Guatemala?
    While it is not required, it is highly recommended to have travel insurance when visiting Guatemala. This can protect you in case of any unexpected medical or travel emergencies.

A Closer Look at Guatemala

Guatemala Flag


Guatemala Formation Date

September 15, 1821

Guatemala Capital Name

Guatemala City

Guatemala Neighbours

  1. Belize Belize
  2. El Salvador El Salvador
  3. Honduras Honduras
  4. Mexico Mexico

Exploring Guatemala

Discover the Enchanting Beauty of Guatemala: A Cultural Commentary and Travel Guide

Guatemala, a country in Central America, is a land of rich history, diverse culture, and breathtaking landscapes. With its location between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, this small but mighty nation has been a melting pot of various civilizations and cultures for centuries. In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of Guatemala, exploring its geography, history, politics, economy, culture, and more.

Key Takeaways:

  • Guatemala is a small but culturally and geographically diverse country located in Central America.
  • The name "Guatemala" is derived from the Nahuatl word "Cuauhtēmallān" meaning "place of many trees".
  • The country has a rich history dating back to ancient civilizations such as the Maya.
  • Spanish is the official language of Guatemala, but there are over 20 indigenous languages spoken in different regions.
  • Tourism is a major industry in Guatemala, with its stunning natural landscapes and rich cultural heritage attracting visitors from all over the world.


Guatemala is a country of diverse topography, with highlands, lowlands, and coastal regions. The country is bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The country's terrain is dominated by mountains, with several active volcanoes scattered throughout. The highest point in Guatemala is Tajumulco Volcano at 4,220 meters (13,845 feet) above sea level. Natural resources in Guatemala include fertile land for agriculture, minerals such as gold and silver, and a variety of flora and fauna. The country is also home to the largest rainforest in Central America, the Petén rainforest, which covers approximately one-third of the country's land area. The climate in Guatemala varies depending on the region, with a tropical climate in the lowlands and a more temperate climate in the highlands. The country experiences two distinct seasons – a dry season from November to April and a rainy season from May to October. The coastal regions have a more humid climate, while the highlands have cooler temperatures due to their higher elevation.

Origin and History:

Guatemala has a long and rich history dating back to ancient civilizations such as the Maya, who inhabited the region from 2000 BC until the Spanish conquest in the 16th century. The Maya civilization left behind impressive ruins, including Tikal, one of the largest Maya cities in existence. In the 16th century, Spanish conquistadors arrived in Guatemala and colonized the region. The country gained independence from Spain in 1821 and went through several periods of political instability before becoming a republic in 1839. In recent history, Guatemala has faced challenges such as civil war and natural disasters but has emerged as a stable democracy with a growing economy.

Government and Politics:

Guatemala is a democratic republic with a presidential system of government. The President is both the head of state and head of government, elected for a four-year term. The country is divided into 22 departments (administrative divisions) and has a multi-party political system. Foreign relations play an important role in Guatemala's politics, with close ties to other Latin American countries as well as the United States. The country also has ongoing border disputes with neighboring countries.

Commerce and Economy:

The economy of Guatemala is primarily based on agriculture, which accounts for around 25% of the country's GDP. The main crops grown in Guatemala include coffee, sugar, bananas, and vegetables. The country also has a growing manufacturing industry, with textiles and clothing being the largest export products. Guatemala's main trading partners are the United States, Mexico, and Central American countries. The currency used in Guatemala is the Quetzal (GTQ), named after the national bird.


Guatemala has a population of over 17 million people, with a diverse mix of indigenous and European ancestry. The majority of the population is Mestizo (mixed indigenous and European descent), followed by indigenous groups such as Maya, Xinca, and Garifuna. The population is primarily concentrated in urban areas, with over half of the population living in cities. The largest city and capital of Guatemala is Guatemala City, with a population of over 3 million.


Guatemala's culture is a fusion of indigenous traditions and Spanish influences. The country has a vibrant arts scene, with traditional handicrafts such as textiles, pottery, and woodcarvings being highly valued. Music and dance are also integral parts of Guatemalan culture, with traditional instruments such as marimba and drums being widely used. The country celebrates many festivals throughout the year, including Semana Santa (Holy Week), which is a colorful and elaborate celebration leading up to Easter. Other important holidays include Independence Day on September 15th and Dia de los Muertos (Day of the Dead) on November 1st.

Languages and Religion:

Spanish is the official language of Guatemala, but there are over 20 indigenous languages spoken in different regions. These include K'iche', Kaqchikel, Q'anjob'al, and Mam. The majority of Guatemalans identify as Roman Catholic, with a significant minority practicing indigenous beliefs. Other religions practiced in the country include Protestantism and Islam.

Education and Healthcare Systems:

Education in Guatemala is free and compulsory for children aged 7-14. However, the country has low literacy rates, with only 75% of the population being literate. The government is working to improve education standards and increase access to education for all. The healthcare system in Guatemala is a mix of public and private facilities. The country has made significant progress in improving healthcare services in recent years, but there are still challenges in providing adequate healthcare to all citizens.

Sports and Recreation:

Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Guatemala, with the national team achieving success in international competitions. Other popular sports include basketball, boxing, and cycling. Guatemala's stunning natural landscapes make it an ideal destination for outdoor activities such as hiking, birdwatching, and water sports. The country also has several national parks and reserves, including Tikal National Park, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


Tourism is a major industry in Guatemala, with its stunning natural landscapes and rich cultural heritage attracting visitors from all over the world. Popular tourist attractions include the ancient ruins of Tikal, Lake Atitlán, Antigua Guatemala (a UNESCO World Heritage Site), and the colorful markets of Chichicastenango. The country has a well-developed tourism infrastructure, with a range of accommodation options, transportation services, and tour operators catering to travelers' needs.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors:

Foreign visitors to Guatemala must have a valid passport and may require a visa depending on their country of origin. The currency used in Guatemala is the Quetzal (GTQ), but US dollars are widely accepted. Health and safety precautions should be taken when traveling to Guatemala, as the country has a high crime rate. It is recommended to avoid traveling at night and to stay in well-populated areas. Guatemala has a rich culture and customs, and visitors are expected to respect these traditions. It is customary to greet people with a handshake, and it is considered polite to ask permission before taking photos of people or their belongings. Some approximate prices in Guatemala are:
  • A meal at an inexpensive restaurant: $5
  • A one-way ticket on public transportation: $0.50
  • A mid-range hotel room for one night: $30
  • A guided tour of Tikal National Park: $25


  • "In Guatemala, the Mayan culture is very strong." - Oscar Isaac
  • "Guatemala is not just about violence and drugs; it's also about beauty and tradition." - Jaime Hernandez
  • "The beauty of Guatemala lies in its people, culture, and landscapes." - Unknown


Guatemala is a country with a rich history, diverse culture, and stunning natural beauty. From ancient civilizations to modern developments, this small but mighty nation has much to offer visitors. With its vibrant arts scene, delicious cuisine, and warm hospitality, Guatemala is a must-visit destination for anyone looking to experience the magic of Central America. As the country continues to develop and improve its infrastructure, we can only expect it to become an even more popular tourist destination in the future.

Guatemala Highest Point Name

The highest point in Guatemala is Tajumulco, located in the western highlands of the country. It has an elevation of 4,220 meters (13,845 feet).

Guatemala Capital Longitude

Guatemala's capital is Guatemala City and its longitude is -90.51024

Guatemala Capital Latitude

Guatemala City, Guatemala is the capital of Guatemala. It has a latitude of 14.6211 degrees north.

Guatemala Official Languages

Guatemala's official languages are Spanish and 21 Mayan languages, predominantly Kaqchikel, K'iche', and Mam.

Guatemala Ethnic Groups

The majority of Guatemala’s population (59%) is made up of Mestizos, people of mixed Spanish and indigenous ancestry. Following Mestizos are the indigenous peoples, who make up around 38% of the population and are largely comprised of the Mayan groups. These include the large communities of the Quiché, Q’eqchi, K’iche’, Kaqchikel, Mam, and Garífuna. The remaining 3% of the population are made up of people of African, European, Arab, and Asian descent. The largest Arab group is the Lebanese community, which has been present in Guatemala for well over a century. Guatemala also has a large Jewish population and a growing Chinese population. These diverse communities have had a strong influence on Guatemalan culture, art, and cuisine.

Guatemala Religions

The predominant religion in Guatemala is Roman Catholic, with about 40.8% of the population identifying as such. Other religions also practiced include Evangelical Protestantism (25.5%), various Other Christian denominations (10.7%), Jehovah's Witnesses (1.4%), Hinduism (0.2%), Buddhism (0.1%), and a variety of other religious practices, including indigenous Mayan religions (3.3%-5.1%). Other minorities with small populations include Jews, Muslims, Baháʼís, Mormons, and other religions. Freedom of religion is constitutionally protected in Guatemala, although the state is secular and allows individuals to practice any faith without limitation or interference.

Guatemala Total Area

The total area of Guatemala is 109,000 square kilometers (42,042 square miles).

Guatemala Land Area

The total land area of Guatemala is 109,000 square kilometers.

Guatemala Water Area

The total water area of Guatemala is estimated to be about 10,996 square kilometers (4,242 square miles). The majority of water area in Guatemala is on the Atescatempa Lagoon or the Saint Peter and San Pablo Lakes in the north. Additionally, there are several large rivers throughout the country, the most important of which are the Usumacinta, Wellabee, Motagua and Chixoy rivers.

Guatemala Total Population

The total population of Guatemala is 17.43 million, according to the 2020 projections from the United Nations World Population Prospects report. This number accounts for all the inhabitants of the Central American country, including both residents and non-residents. The total population is projected to increase in the coming years, with the UN expecting it to reach 19.19 million in 2025.

Guatemala Currency Name

The official currency of Guatemala is the Quetzal (GTQ).

Guatemala Currency Code

The currency code for Guatemala is GTQ.

Guatemala Currency Symbol


Guatemala Time Zones

  • UTC-05:00

Guatemala is in the Central Time Zone and observes Central Daylight Time (CDT - UTC-5.) From the first Sunday in April until the last Sunday in October, Guatemala shifts its clocks forward by 1 hour to observe CDT. This shift occurs at 2:00am local time. In Guatemala City, the first Sunday in April is April 7, 2019 and the last Sunday in October is October 27, 2019. This time adjustment also applies to the cities of Quetzaltenango, Escuintla, and Chimaltenango.

Guatemala Calling Code


Guatemala Internet TLD

How to Say "Guatemala" In Different Languages?

গুয়াতেমালা (bn-BD)
Guatemala (pt-BR)
危地马拉 (zh-CN)
Guatemala (es-CO)
غواتيمالا (ar-EG)
Guatemala (fr-FR)
Guatemala (de-DE)
ग्वाटेमाला (hi-IN)
Guatemala (id-ID)
Guatemala (it-IT)
グアテマラ (ja-JP)
Guatemala (es-MX)
Guwatemala (tl-PH)
Guatemala (pt-PT)
Гватемала (ru-RU)
غواتيمالا (ar-SA)
Guatemala (es-ES)
Гватемала (uk-UA)
Quatemala (vi-VN)

Guatemala Popular Holidays

New Year's Day
1 January
Losinan Kaaj
7 January
Procession of St. Ezequiel Moreno
11 January
Inauguration Day
14 January
Feast of San Agustín de Hipona
30 January
Mollepéchua Day
1 February
Feast of the Presentation of the Lord
2 February
Feast of San Blas
3 February
Feast of San Pedro Apóstol
18 February
25 February (28 February)
Ash Wednesday
26 February
International Women's Day
8 March
feast of San Jose Obrero
19 March
Holy Thursday
1 April
Chepeuvian Day
1 April
Mother's Day of the Army
7 April
Anniversary of the call of the Central American Confederation
18 April
Council of the First Century
18 April
Feast of San Marcos Evangelista
25 April
Father's Day
3 May
Feast of the Ascension of the Lord
6 May
Mother's Day
14 May
Teachers' Day
14 May
Day of the Americas
14 May
Independence of El Salvador
15 May
Peace Day
30 May
Children's Day
1 June
Feast of Corpus Christi
11 June
Flag Day
15 June
St. Pedro y St. Pablo
29 June
Feast of Santiago Apóstol
25 July
Feast of Santiago Apóstol
4 August
Conservative Revolution
8 August
Feast of the Assumption of Mary
15 August
Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
15 August
Feast of San Roque
16 August
Feast of Our Lady of the Merced
24 August
Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross
14 September
Independence of Nicaragua
15 September
Independence Day
15 September
Independence of Honduras
15 September
Independence of Costa Rica
15 September
General elections
11 October
Anniversary of the Call of Free Men of Color
13 October
Revolution Day
20 October
Mother's Day of the Navy
27 October
Feast of All Saints' Day
1 November
All Souls' Day
2 November
Independence of Panama
3 November
Anniversary of the Call of the Liberal Xalpatlahuac
30 November
Feast of San Andres Apóstol
30 November
Feast of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception
8 December
Feast of the Immaculate Conception
8 December
Feast of the Virgin of Guadalupe
12 December
St. Lucia's Day
13 December
Feast of San Juan de Dios
14 December
Christmas Eve
24 December
Feast of the Nativity of Jesus Christ
24 December
Christmas Holidays
25 December
Boxing Day
26 December

We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Guatemala

National and Public Holidays in Guatemala next days/week/month/year

International Day of the World’s Indigenous People

The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People is a United Nations sanctioned holiday celebrated annually on August 9. It marks the day the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted in 2007, recognizing the rights of tribal and clan societies worldwide. The day is used to celebrate the survival and cultural rich heritage of the world’s Indigenous People. Events, speeches, and educational activities are held worldwide.

Assumption of Mary

Assumption of Mary is a Catholic holiday celebrated each year on August 15th. It is a day to honor the Virgin Mary, mother of Christ, on the day she was assumed into Heaven. Catholics celebrate by attending specialized Masses, many churches are decorated with flowers, and there are festivals, processions, and other festivities throughout the day.

Vigil of Assumption Day

Assumption Day is a public holiday in many countries. It is celebrated on August 15th, and marks the day when Catholics believe the Virgin Mary was taken up into Heaven. Celebrations usually include processions, masses, music, food, and traditional dancing.

St. Mary’s Day in August 15

St. Mary’s Day is an annual Catholic holiday celebrated on August 15 in many countries around the world. It is dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus, and honors her as a special protector of the faithful. On this day, special Masses are held in Catholic churches with a special emphasis on Mary’s intercession. Devotional activities and religious ceremonies typically accompany this festive occasion. Gifts and flowers are often brought to Mary’s shrines and grottos.

St. Bartholomew Day

St. Bartholomew Day is a religious holiday celebrated in some countries in honor of St. Bartholomew, a disciple of Jesus. The date of the holiday varies by location but it is typically held on August 24. In the United States, the Episcopal Church celebrates the holiday with special sermons, prayers, and the recital of scripture. The holiday offers an opportunity to remember St. Bartholomew’s tradition of service and dedication to God.

Hispanic Heritage Month

Hispanic Heritage Month is a month-long celebration of Hispanic heritage and cultural diversity. The event runs from September 15th to October 15th and celebrates Hispanic contributions to the United States, such as literature, art, music, and more. During the month, people recognize the achievements and contributions of Latino people in the United States. Many gather to take part in parades, parties, and special activities that celebrate this heritage.

Independence Day in Guatemala

Independence Day in Guatemala is an official national holiday celebrated each year on September 15. This day marks the nation’s declaration of independence from Spain in 1821, when General Jose Francisco Barrundia read a formal declaration of independence in the town of Guatemala. The day is marked with a holiday full of military parades, cultural activities and patriotic events. This day is a important symbol of Guatemala's freedom and cultural heritage.

Dia de la raza in Guatemala

Dia de la raza is a bank holiday in Guatemala

Revolution of 1944 in Guatemala

Revolution of 1944 is a national holiday in Guatemala

All Saints’ Day

All Saints' Day is a Christian holy day celebrated on November 1 and observes all the saints, known and unknown. It is a day to remember all that has been lost this year and honor those who have gone before us. It is also a day to reflect on the lives of those saints and give thanks for their examples of faith and love.

Upcoming Festivals in Guatemala

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Leap Day in United States of America

Celebrate the extra day of the year in style with Leap Day in the United States of America! This unique observance allows for an additional 24 hours of exploration, making it the perfect time to discover hidden gems and indulge in local traditions. Don't miss out on this special national holiday.

Independence Day in Bangladesh

Independence Day is a government holiday in Bangladesh

Easter Sunday in Switzerland

"Easter Sunday in Switzerland is a delightful blend of festive traditions and stunning alpine scenery. From charming processions and colorful markets, to indulging in delicious chocolate eggs and hiking in the Swiss Alps, this national observance holiday offers a unique cultural experience that will leave visitors in awe."

Easter Sunday in Ecuador

Observance: Experience the vibrant culture and rich traditions of Ecuador on Easter Sunday. Join in the colorful processions and witness the unique blend of Catholic and indigenous beliefs. Explore the beautiful landscapes and indulge in traditional delicacies. A truly enchanting holiday for every traveler.

Easter Sunday in Luxembourg

"Easter Sunday in Luxembourg, a national holiday filled with vibrant traditions and lively celebrations. From the colorful Easter markets to the famous egg hunts, this festive occasion brings the whole community together in a spirit of joy and renewal. A must-visit for anyone looking to immerse themselves in Luxembourg's rich culture and traditions."

Easter Sunday in Slovakia

"Easter Sunday in Slovakia is a beautiful celebration of both religious and cultural traditions. The country comes alive with colorful processions, traditional folk music, and delectable Easter dishes. From the stunning architecture of Bratislava to the quaint villages in the countryside, this observance is a must-see for any traveler seeking an authentic cultural experience." (50 words)

Easter Sunday in Uruguay

"Easter Sunday in Uruguay is a vibrant celebration of faith and culture. From the bustling streets of Montevideo to the tranquil beach towns, the nation comes alive with processions, colorful decorations, and traditional food. Immerse yourself in the local customs and take part in this national holiday that embodies the spirit of Uruguay." (observance)

Easter Sunday in Estonia

Easter Sunday in Estonia is a festive national holiday filled with colorful traditions and local cuisine. From egg painting and traditional church services to indulging in delicious Easter bread and smoked ham, this observance is a must-visit to experience the authentic culture of Estonia.

Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau

"Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau is a vibrant celebration filled with colorful processions, traditional music, and joyful feasts. As a national holiday, it is deeply rooted in the country's rich cultural heritage and serves as a time for families and communities to come together in unity and celebration."

Easter Sunday in Sweden

"Easter Sunday in Sweden is a vibrant celebration of spring's arrival, filled with colorful traditions and mouth-watering feasts. As a national holiday, families gather to decorate eggs, indulge in delicious sweets, and revel in the joyous atmosphere of rebirth and renewal. A must-visit for those seeking a cultural and culinary immersion in Sweden."

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