Bhutan

Bhutan, also known as the “Land of the Thunder Dragon,” is a small country located in the eastern Himalayas between India and China. With a population of just over 750,000, Bhutan is known for its stunning natural landscapes, rich Buddhist culture, and unique concept of Gross National Happiness.

Tourism in Bhutan: A Guide to Festive Travel

Bhutan, a small Himalayan country nestled between India and China, is known for its breathtaking landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and unique traditions. But what truly sets Bhutan apart is its festive spirit, which can be experienced throughout the year. As a Cultural Commentator and Travel Writer, I invite you to join me on a journey through this enchanting country and discover the magic of festive tourism in Bhutan.

The Festive Spirit of Bhutan

The people of Bhutan are warm, welcoming, and deeply rooted in their traditions. This is evident in the way they celebrate their festivals with great enthusiasm and joy. From vibrant mask dances to elaborate rituals, every festival in Bhutan is a spectacle that brings together locals and tourists alike. The festive atmosphere is contagious, and you can’t help but be swept up in the communal joy that permeates the country.

Unique Tourist Attractions

While Bhutan has a lot to offer throughout the year, there are some attractions that are particularly popular during festival season. The most famous of these is the Paro Tsechu, a 5-day festival held in the spring that showcases traditional dances, colorful costumes, and religious ceremonies. Another must-see event is the Thimphu Tshechu, held in the capital city of Thimphu in the fall. These festivals not only offer a glimpse into Bhutan’s culture but also provide an opportunity to interact with locals and learn about their way of life.

General Overview of Tourist Attractions

Apart from the festivals, Bhutan has many other tourist attractions that are worth exploring. The capital city of Thimphu is home to the magnificent Tashichho Dzong, a fortress-monastery that is the seat of Bhutan’s government. The city also has a bustling market where you can find traditional handicrafts, souvenirs, and local delicacies. Other popular destinations include the ancient capital of Punakha, the scenic town of Paro, and the remote Haa Valley.

Important Places to Visit

When in Bhutan, there are some places that you simply cannot miss. One of these is the Tiger’s Nest Monastery, also known as Taktsang Palphug Monastery, perched on a cliff 900 meters above the Paro Valley. This sacred site is not only a major pilgrimage destination but also offers stunning views of the surrounding landscape. Another must-visit is the Punakha Dzong, a majestic fortress situated at the confluence of two rivers. It is considered one of the most beautiful dzongs in Bhutan and is a popular spot for photography.

Activities to Experience

In addition to attending festivals and visiting popular tourist attractions, there are many other activities that tourists can enjoy in Bhutan. For nature lovers, there are numerous hiking trails that lead to picturesque lakes, waterfalls, and monasteries. Adventure seekers can try their hand at rafting, mountain biking, or even paragliding. And for those looking for a more relaxed experience, there are opportunities for meditation and yoga retreats in monasteries and temples.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Bhutan may be a small country, but it has a well-developed infrastructure to cater to its growing tourism industry. The main mode of transportation for tourists is by road, with buses and taxis available for hire. However, during festival season, it is advisable to book transportation in advance as there is a surge in demand. The country also has a limited domestic flight network, with flights operating between Paro and other major cities.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

If you are planning to visit Bhutan during festival season, here is some essential information to keep in mind.

Visa Requirements

All foreign visitors, except citizens of India, must obtain a visa to enter Bhutan. The visa application process can be initiated by a licensed tour operator in Bhutan, and the visa will be issued upon arrival at the airport or border checkpoint. It is advisable to apply for a visa well in advance to avoid any last-minute delays.

Health and Safety

Bhutan is generally a safe country for tourists, with low crime rates. However, it is always wise to take precautions and be aware of your surroundings. As with any travel destination, it is recommended to have travel insurance that covers medical emergencies. It is also advisable to consult your doctor for any necessary vaccinations before traveling to Bhutan.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Bhutan has a unique culture and set of customs that should be respected by visitors. For example, it is considered disrespectful to point at someone with your finger or step over someone’s feet. It is also important to dress modestly when visiting religious sites and remove your shoes before entering temples and monasteries. Learning a few basic phrases in Dzongkha, the national language of Bhutan, can also go a long way in showing respect to the locals.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Bhutan is the Ngultrum (BTN), but Indian Rupees are also widely accepted. However, it is recommended to exchange your currency for Ngultrum upon arrival as some places may not accept Indian Rupees. Credit cards are accepted in major hotels and restaurants, but it is always wise to carry some cash for smaller purchases.

Festive Activities in Bhutan

Festivals are an integral part of Bhutan’s culture and traditions, and there are many unique activities that tourists can participate in during this time.

Mask Dances

Mask dances are a prominent feature of Bhutanese festivals, with performers wearing elaborate costumes and masks representing deities, demons, and animals. These dances are believed to ward off evil spirits and bring good luck to the community.

Butter Lamp Lighting

During festivals, you will see locals lighting butter lamps as offerings to the deities. This tradition is believed to bring blessings and ward off negative energies.

Traditional Games

Festivals are also a time for friendly competition, with traditional games like archery, darts, and Khuru (a dart-throwing game) being played. Tourists can join in on the fun and experience these games firsthand.

Infrastructure & Transit During Festival Season

With the surge in tourists during festival season, the efficiency of the public transportation system can be affected. It is advisable to plan your travel in advance and book transportation tickets early to avoid any inconvenience. Hiring a private car or taxi may also be a more convenient option for traveling between cities.

Tips for Efficient Travel

To make the most of your trip during festival season, here are some tips for efficient travel:

  • Plan your itinerary in advance and book tickets for transportation and accommodation early.
  • Be prepared for delays due to heavy traffic during festivals.
  • Carry a map or download a navigation app to help you get around.
  • Learn some basic phrases in Dzongkha to facilitate communication with locals.
  • Be respectful of local customs and practices.

Accommodation Options

Bhutan offers a range of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference. From luxury resorts and boutique hotels to budget-friendly guesthouses and homestays, there is something for everyone. During festival season, it is advisable to book accommodation in advance as rooms tend to fill up quickly.

Advantages of Different Accommodations

Luxury resorts and boutique hotels offer top-notch amenities and services, making them ideal for a luxurious and comfortable stay. Budget-friendly guesthouses and homestays provide a more authentic experience, allowing tourists to interact with locals and learn about their way of life.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Bhutan may be a small country, but it has a vibrant shopping scene, especially during festival season. Some popular shopping districts include Thimphu’s Norzin Lam street, Paro’s main market, and the weekend market in Wangdue Phodrang. Here you can find traditional handicrafts, textiles, jewelry, and other souvenirs that make for unique gifts and mementos.

Finding Unique Souvenirs

When shopping for souvenirs in Bhutan, look for items that are handmade by local artisans. These can include handwoven textiles, wooden carvings, traditional masks, and thangka paintings. These souvenirs not only make for great gifts but also support the local economy and preserve Bhutan’s cultural heritage.

Technology and Connectivity

While Bhutan may be known for its traditional way of life, it has also embraced technology to cater to its growing tourism industry. Most hotels and restaurants offer free Wi-Fi, and SIM cards can be purchased at the airport or from local shops. There are also apps available for navigation, language translation, and event bookings.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Bhutan is committed to preserving its natural environment and has implemented strict policies to promote eco-friendly tourism. Tourists can participate in various outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, and birdwatching while being mindful of their impact on the environment. There are also opportunities for cultural immersion through homestays and volunteering programs.

Local Festivals and Events

Apart from the major festivals, there are many smaller local festivals and events that take place throughout the year in Bhutan. These include agricultural fairs, religious ceremonies, and cultural celebrations. These events offer a more intimate experience and provide a deeper understanding of Bhutan’s culture and traditions.

Practical Advice and Tips

Here are some practical tips to keep in mind when planning your trip to Bhutan during festival season:

  • Research the country’s festivals and events to plan your trip accordingly.
  • Book transportation and accommodation well in advance.
  • Be prepared for a surge in prices during festival season.
  • Respect local customs and practices.
  • Carry cash for smaller purchases as credit cards may not be accepted everywhere.
  • Be mindful of your impact on the environment and practice responsible tourism.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

To make the most of your trip to Bhutan during festival season, here is a comprehensive guide with all the practical information you need:

Schedule of Country Events

The major festivals in Bhutan are held at different times throughout the year. The Paro Tsechu takes place in March or April, while the Thimphu Tshechu is held in September or October. Other festivals, such as the Punakha Drubchen and Wangdue Phodrang Tshechu, also take place in the fall. It is recommended to plan your trip around these events to get the full festive experience.

Ticket Acquisition

Tickets for festivals and events can be purchased through licensed tour operators in Bhutan. They will also assist with visa applications and other necessary arrangements for your trip.

Venue Locations

Most festivals and events take place in the main cities of Thimphu, Paro, Punakha, and Wangdue Phodrang. The venues for these events are usually temples or monasteries, so be prepared for some walking and dress appropriately.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Bhutan is during the spring (March-April) or fall (September-October) when the weather is pleasant, and festivals are in full swing. However, each season has its own charm, so it ultimately depends on your preferences.

Attire for Festive Occasions

When attending festivals or visiting religious sites, it is important to dress modestly. This means covering your shoulders and knees and avoiding revealing clothing. You may also be required to remove your shoes before entering temples and monasteries.

Dos and Don’ts

To show respect to the local customs and practices, here are some dos and don’ts to keep in mind:

  • Do ask for permission before taking photos of people or religious objects.
  • Don’t touch any religious artifacts or statues.
  • Do remove your shoes before entering temples and monasteries.
  • Don’t point at someone with your finger.
  • Do respect the environment and dispose of waste properly.

Language Assistance

While English is widely spoken in Bhutan, learning a few basic phrases in Dzongkha can help you interact with the locals and make your trip more enjoyable. Here are some common phrases to get you started:

  • Hello – Kuzuzangpo La
  • Thank you – Kadrinchhey
  • Goodbye – Lus la
  • How much? – Thachaang gi tham?
  • I’m sorry – Dha Dha Chey

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergencies, here are some vital contact numbers to keep handy:

  • Police – 113
  • Ambulance – 112
  • Tourism Council of Bhutan – +975-2-323251/52/53

In conclusion, Bhutan is a country like no other, and experiencing its festivals and traditions is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. I hope this guide has given you a glimpse into the vibrant culture and festive spirit of Bhutan and inspired you to plan your own trip to this enchanting country. Happy travels!

Bhutan: A Land of Happiness and Progress

Bhutan, also known as the Kingdom of Bhutan, is a small landlocked country located in South Asia. Nestled in the eastern Himalayas, Bhutan is bordered by India to the south, east, and west, and by China to the north. With a population of approximately 770,000 people, Bhutan is one of the least populous countries in the world. However, what it lacks in population, it makes up for in its unique culture, stunning landscapes, and impressive statistics.

Population and Demographics

According to the latest data from the World Bank, Bhutan’s population has been steadily increasing over the years. In 2020, it was estimated to be 771,608 people, with a growth rate of 1.13%. The majority of Bhutan’s population (around 60%) resides in rural areas, with only about 40% living in urban areas. The life expectancy at birth in Bhutan is 71 years for males and 73 years for females.

The official language of Bhutan is Dzongkha, and Buddhism is the predominant religion, with over 75% of the population practicing it. The remaining population follows Hinduism and other indigenous beliefs.

Economy and Development

Bhutan has made significant progress in terms of economic development in recent years. According to the World Bank, its GDP grew at an average rate of 7.5% between 2017 and 2019. Agriculture is the main source of income for most Bhutanese people, with rice being the staple food crop. However, industries such as tourism and hydropower have also been contributing to the country’s economic growth.

One unique aspect of Bhutan’s economy is its focus on Gross National Happiness (GNH) rather than Gross Domestic Product (GDP). GNH is a holistic approach to development that prioritizes the well-being and happiness of its citizens over material wealth. This philosophy is deeply ingrained in Bhutanese culture and has been a driving force behind the country’s sustainable development.

Education and Literacy

Bhutan has made remarkable progress in terms of education, with a literacy rate of 71.4% in 2019, compared to just 8% in 1984. The government has made education a top priority, with free education for all children up to the tenth grade. There are also initiatives in place to improve access to education for girls and children from marginalized communities.

The country has one university, the Royal University of Bhutan, and several colleges and technical institutes. The literacy rate is higher among males (74%) than females (68%), but efforts are being made to close this gender gap.

Environmental Conservation

Bhutan is often referred to as the “last Shangri-La” due to its pristine natural beauty and commitment to environmental conservation. The country has a strict policy of maintaining at least 60% of its land under forest cover at all times. Currently, around 72% of Bhutan’s land is covered by forests, making it one of the few carbon-negative countries in the world.

In addition, Bhutan has also banned plastic bags and is working towards becoming a 100% organic nation by 2020. These efforts have not only helped preserve the country’s natural beauty but have also made it a popular destination for eco-tourism.

Tourism and Culture

Bhutan’s unique culture and breathtaking landscapes have made it a popular tourist destination in recent years. In 2019, the country received over 300,000 international tourists, generating revenue of over $100 million. The government has implemented a “high-value, low-impact” tourism policy to ensure sustainable tourism and preserve the country’s culture and environment.

Bhutan is also known for its colorful festivals, such as the popular Paro Tshechu, which showcases traditional dances, music, and religious rituals. The country’s traditional architecture, with its intricately designed dzongs (fortresses) and monasteries, is also a major attraction for tourists.

Conclusion

Bhutan may be a small country, but it has a lot to offer in terms of culture, development, and environmental conservation. Its unique approach to development, with a focus on happiness and sustainability, has made it stand out among other nations. With its stunning landscapes, vibrant culture, and impressive statistics, Bhutan truly is a land of happiness and progress

  • What is the capital of Bhutan?
    The capital of Bhutan is Thimphu.
  • What is the official language of Bhutan?
    The official language of Bhutan is Dzongkha.
  • What is the currency used in Bhutan?
    The currency used in Bhutan is the Ngultrum (BTN).
  • What is the time zone of Bhutan?
    The time zone of Bhutan is GMT+6.
  • What is the population of Bhutan?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Bhutan is 771,608.
  • What is the national animal of Bhutan?
    The national animal of Bhutan is the Takin.
  • What is the national sport of Bhutan?
    The national sport of Bhutan is archery.
  • What is the national dish of Bhutan?
    The national dish of Bhutan is Ema Datshi (chili and cheese stew).
  • What are some popular dishes in Bhutan?
    - Ema Datshi (chili and cheese stew)n- Phaksha Paa (pork with red chili peppers)n- Jasha Maroo (spicy chicken stew)n- Momos (dumplings)n- Red ricen- Suja (butter tea)
  • What are some traditional musical instruments in Bhutan?
    - Dranyen (lute)n- Chiwang (fiddle)n- Lingm (flute)n- Yangchen (dulcimer)
  • What is the most popular festival in Bhutan?
    The most popular festival in Bhutan is the Paro Tshechu, held in spring.
  • What are some popular tourist attractions in Bhutan?
    - Taktsang Monastery (Tiger's Nest)n- Punakha Dzongn- Dochula Passn- Buddha Dordenma Statuen- Gangtey Valleyn- Tashichho Dzong
  • Do I need a visa to visit Bhutan?
    Yes, all visitors to Bhutan require a visa.
  • How do I obtain a visa for Bhutan?
    Visas for Bhutan must be obtained through a licensed tour operator. The tour operator will handle the visa application process on your behalf.
  • What is the best time to visit Bhutan?
    The best time to visit Bhutan is from March to May or from September to November, when the weather is pleasant and there are many festivals and events happening.
  • What is the climate like in Bhutan?
    Bhutan has a varied climate due to its varying altitude. In general, it has warm summers and cold winters with monsoon season from June to August.
  • Do I need any vaccinations before traveling to Bhutan?
    It is recommended to be up-to-date on routine vaccinations before traveling to Bhutan. It is also recommended to get vaccinated for hepatitis A and typhoid.
  • Is it safe to travel to Bhutan?
    Yes, Bhutan is generally a safe country for tourists. However, it is always important to take necessary precautions and be aware of your surroundings.
  • What is the dress code in Bhutan?
    There is no specific dress code in Bhutan, but it is recommended to dress modestly and respectfully, especially when visiting religious sites.
  • What is the currency exchange rate in Bhutan?
    As of 2021, the approximate exchange rate for 1 USD to BTN is 74.5.
  • Are credit cards accepted in Bhutan?
    Credit cards are not widely accepted in Bhutan, so it is recommended to carry cash in local currency.
  • Is tipping expected in Bhutan?
    Tipping is not expected in Bhutan, but it is appreciated as a gesture of gratitude for good service.
  • What is the standard voltage and plug type in Bhutan?
    The standard voltage in Bhutan is 230V and the standard plug type is Type D, M, and G.
  • Can I use my mobile phone in Bhutan?
    Most international mobile networks do not work in Bhutan. It is recommended to purchase a local SIM card or rent a phone from your tour operator.
  • Is there internet access in Bhutan?
    Yes, there is internet access in Bhutan, but it may be limited and slow in some areas.
  • What should I pack for a trip to Bhutan?
    - Comfortable walking shoesn- Warm clothing (especially if traveling during winter months)n- Sunscreen and sunglassesn- Insect repellentn- Basic first aid kitn- Camera
  • What is the voltage and plug type for electronic devices in Bhutan?
    The standard voltage in Bhutan is 230V and the standard plug type is Type D, M, and G. It is recommended to bring a universal adapter.
  • What is the drinking age in Bhutan?
    The legal drinking age in Bhutan is 18 years old.
  • Is smoking allowed in Bhutan?
    Smoking is not allowed in public places in Bhutan. However, it is allowed in designated areas and private spaces.
  • Is there a dress code for visiting religious sites in Bhutan?
    It is recommended to dress modestly and respectfully when visiting religious sites in Bhutan.
  • What are some cultural norms and customs in Bhutan?
    - Always greet people with a smilen- Avoid pointing at people or objects with your index fingern- Do not touch anyone's headn- Do not step over any religious objectsn- Ask for permission before taking photos of people
  • Are there any specific rules or regulations for trekking in Bhutan?
    Yes, all trekkers are required to have a guide and obtain a trekking permit. It is also important to respect the environment and local customs while trekking.
  • What should I do in case of an emergency in Bhutan?
    In case of an emergency, dial 112 (the national emergency number) or contact your tour operator for assistance.
  • Is it possible to rent a car and drive in Bhutan?
    No, it is not possible for tourists to rent a car and drive in Bhutan. All transportation must be arranged through a licensed tour operator.
  • What is the voltage and plug type for electronic devices in Bhutan?
    The standard voltage in Bhutan is 230V and the standard plug type is Type D, M, and G. It is recommended to bring a universal adapter.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Bhutan?
    - Hand-woven textilesn- Handicrafts made from bamboo, wood, or metaln- Buddhist statues and thangkas (religious paintings)n- Bhutanese tean- Local honey
  • Is there a dress code for attending festivals in Bhutan?
    It is recommended to dress modestly and respectfully when attending festivals in Bhutan. It is also important to remove hats and shoes before entering religious sites.
  • Can I take pictures during festivals in Bhutan?
    Yes, photography is allowed during festivals, but it is important to ask for permission before taking photos of people.
  • Are there any restrictions on bringing medication into Bhutan?
    Yes, it is important to declare all medications upon entry into Bhutan. Narcotics and psychotropic drugs are strictly prohibited.
  • What is the voltage and plug type for electronic devices in Bhutan?
    The standard voltage in Bhutan is 230V and the standard plug type is Type D, M, and G. It is recommended to bring a universal adapter.
  • Is it possible to volunteer or work in Bhutan?
    It is possible to volunteer or work in Bhutan, but it requires a work visa and approval from the government. It is recommended to contact the Bhutanese embassy for more information.
  • What is the emergency number for the police in Bhutan?
    The emergency number for the police in Bhutan is 113.
  • What is the emergency number for ambulance services in Bhutan?
    The emergency number for ambulance services in Bhutan is 112.
  • What is the emergency number for fire services in Bhutan?
    The emergency number for fire services in Bhutan is 110.

A Closer Look at Bhutan

Bhutan Flag

Bhutan

Bhutan Formation Date

. December 17, 1907

Bhutan Capital Name

The capital of Bhutan is Thimphu.

Bhutan Neighbours

  1. China China
  2. India India

Exploring Bhutan

Introduction

Bhutan, also known as the "Land of the Thunder Dragon," is a small landlocked country located in the eastern Himalayas. It is bordered by India to the south, east, and west, and by China to the north. Despite its small size, Bhutan holds great significance in terms of culture, history, and natural beauty. The country's name, Bhutan, is derived from the Sanskrit word "Bhotanta," which means "the end of Tibet."

Key Takeaways

  • Bhutan is a small landlocked country located in the eastern Himalayas.
  • The country's name, Bhutan, is derived from the Sanskrit word "Bhotanta."
  • Bhutan holds great significance in terms of culture, history, and natural beauty.

Geography

Bhutan's geography is characterized by rugged mountains, deep valleys, and dense forests. The country is home to some of the highest peaks in the world, including Gangkhar Puensum, which stands at an impressive 7,570 meters. The mountains are not only a scenic wonder but also a source of natural resources such as timber, minerals, and hydroelectric power. The climate in Bhutan varies depending on altitude. The southern part of the country has a subtropical climate with hot and humid summers and mild winters. The northern regions have a colder climate with snow-capped mountains throughout the year. The monsoon season brings heavy rainfall to most parts of the country.

Origin and History

Bhutan's history dates back to ancient civilizations, with evidence of human settlements dating back to 2000 BC. The country was ruled by various kingdoms until the early 20th century when it became a monarchy. In 2008, Bhutan transitioned to a constitutional monarchy, with the King as the head of state and a Prime Minister leading the government.

Government and Politics

Bhutan has a unique political system known as "Gross National Happiness," which prioritizes the well-being and happiness of its citizens over economic growth. The country is divided into 20 districts, each with its own administrative center. Bhutan maintains friendly relations with neighboring countries and has strong ties with India.

Commerce and Economy

Bhutan's economy is primarily driven by agriculture, tourism, and hydroelectric power. The country's main exports include hydropower, timber, and agricultural products such as rice, corn, and apples. Bhutan's currency is the Ngultrum, which is pegged to the Indian rupee.

Demographics

Bhutan has a population of approximately 800,000 people, with a majority living in rural areas. The population is predominantly Buddhist, with a small percentage of Hindus and Christians. The official language of Bhutan is Dzongkha, but English is widely spoken in urban areas.

Culture

Bhutan's culture is deeply rooted in Buddhism and is reflected in its art, music, festivals, traditions, and holidays. The country celebrates several festivals throughout the year, including the famous Tsechu festival, which honors Guru Rinpoche, the founder of Tibetan Buddhism. Traditional arts such as thangka painting, wood carving, and mask dances are also an integral part of Bhutanese culture.

Languages and Religion

Dzongkha is the official language of Bhutan and is spoken by the majority of the population. However, there are several regional dialects spoken in different parts of the country. Buddhism is the dominant religion in Bhutan, with about 75% of the population practicing it. Hinduism is the second-largest religion, followed by Christianity.

Education and Healthcare Systems

Bhutan has made significant progress in terms of education and healthcare. The country has a literacy rate of over 70%, and education is free for all children up to the tenth grade. The healthcare system is also well-developed, with a network of hospitals and health centers providing free or low-cost services to the citizens.

Sports and Recreation

Football is the most popular sport in Bhutan, with the national team achieving some notable victories in recent years. Archery is also a popular sport, and traditional archery competitions are held throughout the year. Other recreational activities include trekking, mountain biking, and birdwatching.

Tourism

Bhutan's tourism industry is relatively small but growing. The country's pristine natural beauty, rich culture, and unique way of life attract visitors from all over the world. Some popular tourist attractions include the Tiger's Nest Monastery, Punakha Dzong, and the Phobjikha Valley. The government has implemented a "high-value, low-impact" policy to ensure sustainable tourism development.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Foreign visitors to Bhutan must obtain a visa before arrival, which can be arranged through a licensed tour operator. The country has strict regulations on tourism, including a minimum daily spending requirement of $250 per person. However, this fee covers accommodation, meals, transportation, and a guide. Health and safety precautions should also be taken when traveling to Bhutan. It is recommended to get vaccinated against diseases such as hepatitis A and typhoid before arrival. Visitors should also be respectful of local customs and etiquette, such as removing shoes before entering a temple or home.

Quotes

  • "Gross National Happiness is more important than Gross National Product." - Jigme Singye Wangchuck, former King of Bhutan
  • "In Bhutan, we don't have GDP, we have GNH - Gross National Happiness." - Tshering Tobgay, former Prime Minister of Bhutan
  • "The idea of GNH is that the ultimate goal of every human being is happiness, and that happiness can be achieved through inner peace and contentment." - Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, current King of Bhutan

Conclusion

In conclusion, Bhutan may be a small country, but it is rich in culture, history, and natural beauty. The country's unique political system, commitment to preserving its traditions and environment, and focus on the well-being of its citizens make it a truly remarkable destination. As Bhutan continues to develop and open up to the world, it is essential to maintain a balance between progress and preserving its unique identity. With its stunning landscapes, vibrant culture, and happy people, Bhutan is sure to leave a lasting impression on anyone who visits.

Bhutan Highest Point Name

Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan, is a small landlocked country located in South Asia. It is known for its stunning landscapes, rich culture, and unique approach to measuring the country's success through the concept of Gross National Happiness. The highest point in Bhutan is Gangkhar Puensum, standing at an elevation of 7,570 meters (24,836 feet). It is also the highest unclimbed mountain in the world, as climbing mountains above 6,000 meters has been prohibited in Bhutan since 1994 out of respect for local spiritual beliefs. Gangkhar Puensum is located in the northern part of Bhutan, on the border with China. It is part of the Himalayan mountain range and is considered one of the most challenging peaks to climb due to its remote location and difficult terrain. While Gangkhar Puensum remains unclimbed, there are several other high peaks in Bhutan that have been successfully summited by mountaineers. These include Kula Kangri (7,554 meters), Tongshanjiabu (7,513 meters), and Jejegangphugang (7,100 meters). In addition to its highest point, Bhutan also has many other impressive natural features such as deep valleys, glacial lakes, and dense forests. The country's commitment to preserving its natural beauty and cultural heritage has made it a popular destination for tourists seeking an authentic and sustainable travel experience.

Bhutan Capital Longitude

The capital of Bhutan is Thimphu. The longitude of Thimphu is 89.6394° E.

Bhutan Capital Latitude

longitude The capital of Bhutan is Thimphu. Its latitude is 27.4712° N and its longitude is 89.6419° E.

Bhutan Official Languages

The official language of Bhutan is Dzongkha. It is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by the majority of the population. However, there are over 19 languages spoken in Bhutan, including Nepali, Bumthangkha, and Sharchop. In addition to Dzongkha, English is also widely spoken and is the primary language used in education and government. It is considered the lingua franca of the country and is used for official purposes. Bhutan also has a strong emphasis on preserving its cultural heritage and traditions, including its languages. As a result, there are ongoing efforts to promote and preserve the use of all languages spoken in Bhutan.

Bhutan Ethnic Groups

Bhutan is a small country located in the eastern Himalayas, known for its stunning landscapes and rich cultural heritage. The country is home to several ethnic groups, each with their own unique customs, traditions, and languages. The largest ethnic group in Bhutan is the Ngalops, who are of Tibetan origin and make up about 50% of the population. They are mainly found in western Bhutan and are known for their distinctive dress, which includes a knee-length robe called a gho for men and a long-sleeved dress called a kira for women. The Lhotshampas, also known as Nepali-Bhutanese, make up about 35% of the population. They migrated to Bhutan from Nepal in the early 20th century and are mostly concentrated in the southern part of the country. They have their own unique culture and language. The Bumthaps, Khengpas, and Kurtoeps are other significant ethnic groups in Bhutan, each with their own distinct customs and traditions. Despite their differences, all these ethnic groups coexist peacefully and contribute to the diverse and vibrant culture of Bhutan.

Bhutan Religions

Bhutan is a small landlocked country located in the eastern Himalayas. The majority of its population practices Buddhism, specifically the Vajrayana sect. Buddhism was introduced to Bhutan in the 7th century and has since become deeply ingrained in the country's culture and way of life. In addition to Buddhism, there are also small populations of Hindus and Christians in Bhutan. Hinduism was brought to Bhutan by Nepali immigrants, while Christianity has been steadily growing in recent years through missionary work. Despite the diversity of religious beliefs, Bhutan is known for its peaceful coexistence and religious tolerance. The government promotes the concept of "Gross National Happiness," which includes spiritual well-being as one of its four pillars. This emphasis on happiness and harmony has helped to maintain a peaceful religious landscape in Bhutan.

Bhutan Total Area

Bhutan is a small landlocked country located in the eastern Himalayas in South Asia. It has a total area of 38,394 square kilometers (14,824 square miles). Bhutan is bordered by India to the south, east, and west, and by China to the north. It is divided into 20 districts, with Thimphu as its capital and largest city. The country's terrain is mostly mountainous, with deep valleys and steep slopes. The highest peak in Bhutan is Gangkhar Puensum, standing at 7,570 meters (24,836 feet) tall. The country is also home to several major rivers, including the Brahmaputra and the Amo Chhu. Bhutan's climate varies depending on altitude, with subtropical conditions in the southern lowlands and alpine conditions in the highlands. The country is known for its rich biodiversity and is considered one of the world's top ten biodiversity hotspots. Despite its small size, Bhutan is a culturally and linguistically diverse country, with over 19 different ethnic groups and languages spoken. Buddhism is the predominant religion, and it plays a significant role in the country's culture and way of life. Overall, Bhutan's small size belies its rich cultural heritage and natural beauty, making it a unique and fascinating country to explore.

Bhutan Land Area

38,394 km^2 (rank: 135) Bolivia Bolivia country land area 1,098,581 km^2 (rank: 28) Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina country land area 51,197 km^2 (rank: 129) Botswana Botswana country land area 566,730 km^2 (rank: 47) Brazil Brazil country land area 8,358,140 km^2 (rank: 5) Brunei Brunei country land area 5,765 km^2 (rank: 167) Bulgaria Bulgaria country land area 108,489 km^2 (rank: 105) Burkina Faso Burkina Faso country land area 273,600 km^2 (rank: 74) Burma Burma country land area 653,508 km^2 (rank: 40) Burundi Burundi country land area 27,834 km^2 (rank: 145)

Bhutan Water Area

- Total area: 38,394 km^2 - Land area: 38,394 km^2 (99.9%) - Water area: 0 km^2 (0%) Bhutan is a landlocked country located in South Asia, bordered by India to the south, east, and west, and by China to the north. It has a total area of 38,394 square kilometers, making it the 136th largest country in the world. Out of this total area, Bhutan's land area is 38,394 square kilometers, which accounts for 99.9% of its total area. The remaining 0.1% (approximately 0 square kilometers) is water area. Bhutan is a mountainous country with rugged terrain and deep valleys. The country is home to some of the highest peaks in the world, including Gangkhar Puensum, which is the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. Due to its mountainous landscape, Bhutan has limited access to water bodies such as lakes and rivers. The major rivers in Bhutan include the Drangme Chhu, Wang Chhu, Sankosh River, and Torsa River. These rivers are important sources of water for irrigation and hydroelectric power generation. In addition to its natural water resources, Bhutan also has a number of man-made lakes known as tsho or zam. These lakes are created by damming rivers for irrigation or hydroelectric power generation. Overall, Bhutan's limited water resources play a crucial role in its economy and livelihoods of its people. The country has implemented strict environmental policies to protect its water resources and ensure sustainable use for future generations.

Bhutan Total Population

: 748,931 Bhutan is a small landlocked country located in the eastern Himalayas, bordered by India to the south, east, and west, and China to the north. It has a total population of 748,931 people as of 2021. The population of Bhutan is primarily made up of ethnic Bhutanese, who are predominantly of Tibetan descent. The official language is Dzongkha, but there are also several other languages spoken in the country. Bhutan is a predominantly Buddhist country, with over 75% of the population practicing Buddhism. The remaining population follows Hinduism and other indigenous religions. The population of Bhutan is largely rural, with around 60% of the population living in rural areas. The capital city, Thimphu, is the largest city in the country with a population of around 115,000 people. Bhutan has a relatively young population, with a median age of 27 years. The life expectancy at birth is around 71 years. Bhutan has a high literacy rate of over 70%, with education being free and compulsory for all children between the ages of 6 and 14. The country also has a strong focus on environmental conservation and sustainable development, which has contributed to its high happiness index and low carbon footprint. In recent years, Bhutan has seen a significant increase in tourism, which has contributed to its economic growth. However, the government closely regulates tourism to preserve its unique culture and environment. Overall, Bhutan's population remains small compared to other countries in the region, but it continues to experience steady growth.

Bhutan Currency Name

The Bhutanese currency is called the Ngultrum (BTN). It is divided into 100 chhertum. The symbol for the Ngultrum is Nu.

Bhutan Currency Code

, currency rate in Bhutan Bhutan country Bhutan country code BTN country code ISO3166 Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan, is a landlocked country in South Asia. Located in the Eastern Himalayas, it is bordered by China to the north and India to the south, east and west. Bhutan is a constitutional monarchy with a population of approximately 770,000 people. Its capital and largest city is Thimphu. The official currency of Bhutan is the Bhutanese ngultrum (BTN), which is divided into 100 chhertum. The ngultrum is pegged to the Indian rupee at a rate of 1:1. This means that the value of the ngultrum is equivalent to that of the Indian rupee. The BTN country code is ISO 3166-2:BT. This code is used in international transactions and identifies Bhutan as a country. It is also used in conjunction with the currency code when referring to the Bhutanese ngultrum. The current exchange rate for the Bhutanese ngultrum to US dollar is approximately 1 BTN = 0.014 USD (as of August 2021). The value of the ngultrum may fluctuate slightly due to changes in the Indian rupee, to which it is pegged. In conclusion, the currency code for Bhutan is BTN and its currency rate is pegged to the Indian rupee at a rate of 1:1. This makes it easier for visitors and traders to conduct transactions in Bhutan, as they can use either Indian rupees or Bhutanese ngultrums interchangeably.

Bhutan Currency Symbol

The currency used in Bhutan is the Bhutanese ngultrum, with the symbol Nu or BTN. It is divided into 100 chhertum. The ngultrum is pegged to the Indian rupee at par, meaning that 1 ngultrum is equal to 1 Indian rupee. The Indian rupee is also widely accepted as legal tender in Bhutan.

Bhutan Time Zones

  • UTC+06:00

Bhutan is a small landlocked country located in the eastern Himalayas. The country follows Bhutan Time (BTT), which is 6 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+6). Bhutan does not observe daylight saving time, so the time remains the same throughout the year. The decision to not observe daylight saving time is based on the Buddhist principles of living in harmony with nature and maintaining balance in life. As Bhutan is a predominantly agricultural society, changing the time would disrupt the natural rhythm of life and cause inconvenience to farmers. Therefore, Bhutanese people do not have to adjust their clocks twice a year and can enjoy consistent time throughout the year. This also means that Bhutan does not experience longer days during summer or shorter days during winter like other countries that observe daylight saving time. In conclusion, Bhutan follows BTT all year round and does not observe daylight saving time. This allows for a more balanced and harmonious way of life for its citizens.

Bhutan Calling Code

is +975 Bhutan is a small landlocked country located in the Eastern Himalayas in South Asia. It is bordered by India to the south, east, and west, and by China to the north. The official name of Bhutan is the Kingdom of Bhutan, and its capital city is Thimphu. The country calling code for Bhutan is +975. This code is used when making international calls to Bhutan from other countries. When dialing a phone number in Bhutan from abroad, you would need to first dial the country code (+975), followed by the area code and the local phone number. The area code for Bhutan is usually 2 digits long, and it varies depending on the city or region you are calling. For example, the area code for Thimphu is 2, while the area code for Paro is 8. You can find a list of area codes for different cities in Bhutan online. If you are making a call within Bhutan, you would only need to dial the local phone number without the country code. However, if you are using a mobile phone, you may need to add a 0 before the area code. It is important to note that international calls to Bhutan may be expensive, so it is recommended to check with your phone service provider for international calling rates before making a call. In summary, the country calling code for Bhutan is +975, and it is used when making international calls to the country. The area code for different cities in Bhutan may vary, so it is important to know the specific area code when making a call

Bhutan Internet TLD

www.aveholidays.bt

How to Say "Bhutan" In Different Languages?

Bengali (Bangladesh)
ভুটান (bn-BD)
Portuguese (Brazil)
Butão (pt-BR)
Chinese (Simplified)
不丹 (zh-Hans-CN)
Arabic (Egypt)
بوتان (ar-EG)
Amharic (Ethiopia)
በሕጻን (am-ET)
French (France)
Bhoutan (fr-FR)
German (Germany)
Bhutan (de-DE)
Hindi
भूटान (hi-IN)
Indonesian
Bhutan (id-ID)
Persian (Iran)
بوتان (fa-IR)
Japanese (Japan)
ブータン (ja-JP)
Spanish (Mexico)
Bután (es-MX)
Yoruba
Bhutan (yo-NG)
Urdu
بھوٹان (ur-PK)
Filipino (Philippines)
Butan (fil-PH)
Russian (Russia)
Бутан (ru-RU)
Thai (Thailand)
ภูฏาน (th-TH)
Turkish (Turkey)
Bhutan (tr-TR)
English
Bhutan (en-US)
Vietnamese (Vietnam)
Bhutan (vi-VN)

Bhutan Popular Holidays

Kwake Khar Festival
19 January (20 January)
Prakhar Duchhen
29 January (30 January)
Punakha Drubchen
09 February (11 February)
Tamshing Annual Festival
20 February (22 February)
Losar
24 February (26 February)
Lhakhang Kora Festival
01 March (03 March)
Kingu2019s Birthday
05 March
Shing-khams Ngachoe (Monastic Debate Festival)
25 March (29 March)
Kurjey Tshechu
02 April (03 April)
Paro Tsechu
04 April (08 April)
Tango Tshering Dhuechen (Tango Bishopu2019s Annual Festival)
09 April (11 April)
Mount Mirikha Kora
10 April
Gomphu Kora Festival
11 April (13 April)
Thimphu Drubchen
15 April (17 April)
Dasho Jongdhen (Chief Abbot of Bhutanu2019s Birthday)
19 April
Minjey Kuensay Festival
20 April (22 April)
Zhabdrung Kuchoe (Death of Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel)
22 April
Gom Kora Festival
25 April (27 April)
Saga Dawa
09 May (12 May)
Tshechu Goempa Festival
19 May (21 May)
Chorten Kora Festival
19 May (21 May)
Tarchokha Dukpa Tshechen Festival
22 May (24 May)
Puna-Tshechu Festival
25 May (26 May)
Keska Cholum (Cocoon Festival)
27 May (29 May)
Nuelam (Fire Festival)
06 June (08 June)
Ura Yakchoe
08 June (09 June)
Gasa Tshechu
10 June (11 June)
Changangkha Rabney
11 June (12 June)
Tamiya Dinchhen (Fire Blessing Festival)
27 June (28 June)
Drukpa Sum (Bhutan Summer Festival)
30 June (02 July)
Thimphu Druk Wadue Cheun
01 July
Zuri Duchhen
07 July (08 July)
Thangbi Mani Festival
10 July (12 July)
Tamshing Punsum Chorten Kora Festival
12 July (14 July)
Rainy Day
27 July (31 July)
Jumolhari Mountain Festival
31 July (01 August)
Lunana Festival (Snowman Festival)
03 August (05 August)
Takin Pue Festival
11 August (13 August)
Zenkhula Festival
12 August (14 August)
Lhomapariny (Victory Day)
13 August
Lhab Jampatruel (Vajra Dakini) Day
15 August (17 August)
Krag Yuel (Iron bridge gathering) Festival
18 August (20 August)
Choeton
21 August (22 August)
Phojikha Yuelungmoen Festival
13 September (15 September)
Tramberelling Festival
17 September (18 September)
Thimphu Tsechu
24 September (26 September)
Ura Yakchoe (Monastery Festival)
29 September (30 September)
Monggar Tshechu
01 October (04 October)
Jambay Lhakhang Drup Festival
03 October (05 October)
Gyalyong Tshechen (Eleven Glorious Kudung Kora)
17 October (19 October)
Domkhar Tshechu Festival
17 October (18 October)
Thangbi Mani (Wall Painting) Festival
20 October (22 October)
Mongar Tshechu
20 October (23 October)
Jambay Lhakhang Drakkar (Drukchu Thorngmar) Festival
25 October (28 October)
Black Necked Crane Festival
31 October (01 November)
Guru Pema Sangay Thinley Jongne Festival
02 November (04 November)
The Royal Coronation Day of Fourth King of Bhutan
06 November
Nyungney Lhabab Duchen
21 November (23 November)
Pha Gay Moenlam & Drukpa Choepa (Lama Tsongkhapa Day)
05 December (07 December)
Druk Wangyel Festival
13 December (14 December)
National Day
17 December
Narphung (Yule) Festival
25 December (27 December)

VERIFY COUNTRY DATA:
We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Bhutan

National and Public Holidays in Bhutan next days/week/month/year

Death Anniversary of Zhabdrung (Zhabdrung Kuchoe) in Bhutan

As we commemorate the death anniversary of Zhabdrung, the revered spiritual leader and unifier of Bhutan, we are reminded of the rich cultural heritage and deep-rooted traditions of this beautiful country. Join in the observance of Zhabdrung Kuchoe and experience the spiritual essence of Bhutan during this national holiday.

Vesak Day

Vesak Day is the holiday celebrated by Buddhists to commemorate the birth, enlightenment, and passing away of Siddhartha Gautama, the founder of Buddhism. It is celebrated annually on the full moon day in May.

June Solstice in Bhutan

"Experience the rich cultural heritage of Bhutan during the June Solstice celebration. Immerse yourself in the vibrant festivities and witness traditional rituals and dances while admiring the picturesque landscapes. A truly unforgettable cultural and spiritual journey awaits you in this beautiful Himalayan kingdom."

Thimphu Drubchoe (Thimphu only) in Bhutan

Experience the vibrancy of Bhutan during Thimphu Drubchoe, a lively festival celebrating the victory of good over evil. Immerse yourself in traditional dance performances and witness colorful masked dances that date back centuries. This national holiday is a must-see for cultural enthusiasts seeking a unique and unforgettable travel experience.

Thimphu Tshechu (Thimphu only) in Bhutan

As I made my way through the bustling streets of Thimphu, Bhutan, I could feel the excitement in the air for the upcoming Thimphu Tshechu. This national festival, celebrated annually in the capital city, showcases vibrant traditional dances, elaborate costumes, and colorful masks. Join the locals in this cultural observance for a truly immersive experience.

Blessed Rainy Day in Bhutan

Experience the spiritual and cultural richness of Bhutan on a Blessed Rainy Day holiday. Witness the unique celebration of this national holiday as locals offer prayers and pay homage to their ancestral spirits. Immerse yourself in the vibrant festivities and gain a deeper understanding of Bhutanese traditions.

Dashain in Bhutan

Welcome to Bhutan for Dashain, the grandest festival of the land. Dashain is celebrated in Bhutan with much zeal and enthusiasm to honor the Victory of Good over Evil. Celebrations last for fifteen days with a myriad of rituals. Dashain is a public holiday in Bhutan.

King Jigme Khesar Namgyel’s Coronation in Bhutan

Experience the majesty of Bhutan's public holiday, King Jigme Khesar Namgyel's Coronation. Witness the vibrant culture, traditional ceremonies, and breathtaking scenery as the country celebrates the ascension of its beloved king. A truly unforgettable cultural and historical experience in the beautiful kingdom of the Thunder Dragon.

Birth Anniversary of the Fourth Druk Gyalpo/Consitution Day in Bhutan

"The Birth Anniversary of the Fourth Druk Gyalpo, also known as Constitution Day in Bhutan, is a joyous celebration of the nation's beloved monarch and the founding of its first democratic constitution. On this national holiday, the vibrant culture and rich heritage of Bhutan are honored with traditional ceremonies, colorful parades, and joyful feasts."

Descending Day of Lord Buddha in Bhutan

As the sun slowly sets over the lush mountain landscape of Bhutan, the serene atmosphere of this sacred land is amplified. Travelers from far and wide gather to witness the descending day of Lord Buddha, a national holiday revered for its significance and cultural immersion. A truly unforgettable experience for all.

Upcoming Festivals in Bhutan

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Special Working Day in Taiwan

Welcome to 'Special Working Day, Taiwan.' For nearly a decade, we, the people of Taiwan, have commemorated this day by gathering together and recognizing those who strive to make our nation a better place. Special Working Day is a working day on weekend in Taiwan.

Leap Day in United States of America

Celebrate the extra day of the year in style with Leap Day in the United States of America! This unique observance allows for an additional 24 hours of exploration, making it the perfect time to discover hidden gems and indulge in local traditions. Don't miss out on this special national holiday.

Texas Independence Day in USA

Texas Independence Day commemorates the signing of the Texas Declaration of Independence in 1836. This holiday celebrates the state's secession from Mexico, affirming its sovereignty and the foundation of the Republic of Texas.

Texas Independence Day in United States of America

Texas Independence Day is a legal holiday in Texas, in the United States.

Remembrance and Gratitude Day in Moldova

"Experience the rich culture and traditions of Moldova on the heartwarming Remembrance and Gratitude Day. This national holiday celebrates the sacrifices and contributions of soldiers and civilians, with solemn observances and festive gatherings across the country. Immerse yourself in the patriotic spirit and pay tribute to the brave heroes of Moldova on this meaningful occasion."

Adwa Victory Day in Ethiopia

"Join in on the vibrant celebrations of Adwa Victory Day, a national holiday in Ethiopia, commemorating the historic triumph over Italian colonialism. Immerse yourself in traditional ceremonies, lively music, and delicious cuisine while soaking up the rich cultural heritage of this proud nation. A must-see experience for any travel enthusiast!"

Remembrance Day observed in Marshall Islands

"Join the people of the Marshall Islands in honoring those who have served and sacrificed for their country on National Remembrance Day. Immerse yourself in the rich cultural traditions and impressive ceremonies that pay tribute to the brave soldiers who have defended the nation. A must-visit for history enthusiasts and a defining experience for all. #MarshallIslands #RemembranceDay #NationalHoliday"

National Flag Day in Bangladesh

"National Flag Day in Bangladesh is a proud and patriotic observance held annually on December 17th. The vibrant display of the national flag, known as 'Bengal's Red and Green', symbolizes the country's rich history and cultural diversity. Celebrations include parades, cultural performances, and flag hoisting ceremonies, making it a must-see spectacle for travelers and a meaningful experience for locals."

Peasants’ Day in Myanmar

"Experience the vibrant and authentic traditions of Myanmar on Peasants' Day, a national holiday honoring the hardworking farmers and laborers of the country. Immerse yourself in the lively festivities and witness the colorful parades, traditional dances, and delicious local cuisine that make this a truly unique cultural celebration."

Veteran’s Day in East Timor

On this special day, the people of East Timor come together to honor and remember the sacrifices made by our brave veterans. This national holiday allows us to reflect on the country's history and pay tribute to those who have served and continue to serve our nation.

No news found.