Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome and Principe is a small nation located off the west coast of Central Africa, with a population of just over 200,000 people. Formerly a Portuguese colony, it gained its independence in 1975 and is now a democratic republic. Home to lush forests and a tropical maritime climate, the country is popular with ecotourists, offering stunning volcanic mountains, exotic beaches, and unique wildlife. Its official language is Portuguese, and the national currency is the Dobra.

Tourism in Sao Tome and Principe: A Festive and Enchanting Experience

Sao Tome and Principe, a small island nation off the coast of West Africa, may not be the first destination that comes to mind when planning a vacation. However, this hidden gem is quickly gaining popularity among tourists for its vibrant culture, stunning landscapes, and welcoming locals. And with the country’s festive season fast approaching, there’s no better time to visit than now.

The Festive Spirit in Sao Tome and Principe

The festive season in Sao Tome and Principe is a time of joy, celebration, and community. The streets are adorned with colorful decorations, and the air is filled with the sounds of traditional music and laughter. It’s a time when locals come together to celebrate their culture and welcome visitors with open arms.

Unique Tourist Attractions

During this time, the country is bustling with tourists looking to experience the unique attractions that Sao Tome and Principe have to offer. From pristine beaches to lush rainforests, there is something for every type of traveler. The country’s rich history is also reflected in its architecture, with colonial buildings and churches scattered throughout the islands.

Important Places to Visit

One of the must-visit places in Sao Tome and Principe is the Obo National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This park is home to an array of exotic plants and animals, including the world’s smallest frog. Another popular destination is the Roça Agostinho Neto, a former cocoa plantation turned eco-resort where visitors can learn about the country’s colonial past while enjoying breathtaking views.

Activities for Tourists

For the adventurous traveler, Sao Tome and Principe offer a range of activities such as hiking, snorkeling, and diving. The islands are also known for their delicious cuisine, and food lovers can indulge in local dishes made with fresh seafood and tropical fruits. And for those looking to relax and unwind, there are plenty of beautiful beaches to soak up the sun.

Infrastructure and Transportation

The country has a well-developed public transportation system, making it easy for tourists to get around. Taxis and buses are readily available, and most attractions are within a short distance from each other. However, during the festive season, it’s advisable to plan your itinerary in advance as the influx of tourists may lead to longer wait times.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Visa Requirements

Foreign visitors are required to obtain a visa before entering Sao Tome and Principe. The process is relatively straightforward, and visas can be obtained from the nearest embassy or consulate. It’s recommended to apply for a visa at least two weeks before your trip to avoid any last-minute delays.

Health and Safety

As with any international travel, it’s essential to take precautions to ensure your safety and well-being. It’s recommended to get vaccinated against common diseases such as yellow fever and typhoid before traveling to Sao Tome and Principe. It’s also advisable to drink bottled water and use insect repellent to prevent any illnesses.

Local Customs and Etiquette

Sao Tome and Principe have a rich cultural heritage, and it’s essential for visitors to respect their customs and traditions. Locals are friendly and welcoming, but it’s important to dress modestly when visiting religious sites or attending traditional events. It’s also customary to greet people with a handshake and use formal titles when addressing them.

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency in Sao Tome and Principe is the Dobra. Most establishments accept credit cards, but it’s advisable to carry cash for smaller purchases. It’s also recommended to exchange currency at banks or authorized exchange offices to avoid any scams.

Festive Activities in Sao Tome and Principe

Distinctive Experiences for Tourists

The festive season in Sao Tome and Principe offers unique experiences for tourists to indulge in. One of the most popular activities is attending the annual Cocoa Festival, where visitors can learn about the country’s cocoa production while enjoying live music and delicious food. The country’s Carnival celebrations are also not to be missed, with colorful parades and street parties taking over the streets.

Connecting Traditions with Country Events

Many of these activities are deeply rooted in the country’s traditions and offer tourists a chance to immerse themselves in the local culture. For example, the Cocoa Festival celebrates the country’s main export, while Carnival is a time for locals to let loose and celebrate their heritage.

Infrastructure and Transit during the Festive Season

Efficiency of Public Transportation

The public transportation system in Sao Tome and Principe is efficient, but during the festive season, it may experience delays due to the influx of tourists. It’s recommended to plan your itinerary carefully and allow for extra time when traveling between destinations.

Tips for Efficiently Traversing the Country

To make the most out of your trip, it’s advisable to book tours or hire a private guide who can help you navigate the country efficiently. It’s also a good idea to travel during off-peak hours to avoid crowds and long wait times.

Accommodation Options in Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome and Principe offer a range of accommodation options to suit every budget. From luxury resorts to budget-friendly guesthouses, there is something for every type of traveler. During the festive season, it’s advisable to book your accommodation in advance as it can get crowded.

Advantages of Different Accommodations

Staying at a luxury resort allows you to indulge in all the amenities and services they offer, while budget-friendly guesthouses offer a more authentic experience and the chance to interact with locals. It’s recommended to choose accommodation that is close to your planned activities to save time and transportation costs.

Shopping and Souvenirs in Sao Tome and Principe

Key Shopping Districts and Markets

The capital city of Sao Tome is the best place to shop for souvenirs and local products. The Mercado Municipal is a bustling market where you can find everything from handmade crafts to fresh produce. The Claudio Corallo Chocolate Factory is also a must-visit for chocolate lovers, where you can sample and purchase their famous organic chocolate.

Finding Unique Souvenirs

To find unique souvenirs that embody the country’s culture, it’s best to shop at local markets or support small businesses. Look for handcrafted items such as wooden carvings, paintings, or traditional fabrics. These not only make great souvenirs but also support the local economy.

Technology and Connectivity in Sao Tome and Principe

Staying Connected

While internet and phone connectivity may not be as reliable in Sao Tome and Principe as in other countries, it’s still possible to stay connected. Most hotels and restaurants offer free Wi-Fi, and there are also internet cafes available. It’s recommended to purchase a local SIM card for your phone to make calls and use data.

Useful Apps for Travelers

There are several useful apps that can make your trip to Sao Tome and Principe more convenient. Google Maps is great for navigation, and apps like Duolingo can help you learn basic Portuguese phrases to communicate with the locals. There are also apps available for booking tours and activities.

Eco-Tourism and Outdoor Adventures

Eco-Friendly Travel Options

Sao Tome and Principe are committed to promoting sustainable tourism practices. There are several eco-friendly accommodations and tour companies that offer responsible travel options, such as hiking tours or wildlife safaris. It’s important to respect the environment and follow guidelines to minimize your impact on the islands.

Outdoor Activities

The islands of Sao Tome and Principe offer a range of outdoor activities for nature lovers. From hiking through the rainforest to snorkeling in crystal clear waters, there is something for everyone. Make sure to pack appropriate clothing and gear for these activities, and always follow safety precautions.

Local Festivals and Events

Smaller Local Festivals

In addition to the popular Cocoa Festival and Carnival, there are also smaller local festivals taking place around the country throughout the year. These events offer a more intimate experience with the locals and a chance to witness traditional customs and rituals.

Practical Advice and Tips

Budgeting and Safety Tips

It’s essential to budget carefully for your trip to Sao Tome and Principe, taking into account the cost of flights, accommodation, and activities. It’s also recommended to carry cash for smaller purchases and emergencies. As with any travel, it’s important to stay vigilant and follow safety precautions to ensure a smooth and enjoyable trip.

Comprehensive Tourist Guide

Practical Information

When planning your trip to Sao Tome and Principe, it’s essential to keep in mind the country’s festive season, which typically runs from December to January. This is the peak tourist season, so it’s advisable to book your flights and accommodation well in advance. The official language is Portuguese, but English is widely spoken in tourist areas.

Country Events Schedule

The Cocoa Festival takes place in September, while Carnival celebrations are held in February or March. There are also smaller local festivals throughout the year, so it’s best to check the official tourism website for updated event schedules.

Tickets and Venue Locations

Tickets for events can be purchased online or at the venue. It’s recommended to arrive early to avoid long lines. Most events take place in the capital city of Sao Tome, but some may be held in other parts of the country.

Suitable Attire

The climate in Sao Tome and Principe is tropical, with warm temperatures year-round. Lightweight and breathable clothing is recommended, along with comfortable walking shoes. For traditional events or visits to religious sites, it’s best to dress modestly.

Local Customs and Practices

To show respect for the local culture, it’s important to familiarize yourself with their customs and practices. It’s considered impolite to point with your finger, so use your hand instead. Also, avoid discussing sensitive topics such as politics or religion.

Language Assistance

While English is widely spoken, it’s always appreciated to make an effort to communicate in the local language. Here are a few common Portuguese phrases that may come in handy:

  • Hello – Olá
  • Thank you – Obrigado/a
  • Please – Por favor
  • Excuse me – Com licença
  • Goodbye – Adeus

Emergency Contact Numbers

In case of any emergencies, here are some vital contact numbers to keep on hand:

  • Police – 112
  • Ambulance – 112
  • Tourist Police – +239 222 2020

Sao Tome and Principe may be a small country, but it offers a wealth of experiences for tourists. From its vibrant culture to its stunning landscapes, there’s something for everyone to enjoy. So pack your bags and get ready to immerse yourself in the festive spirit of this enchanting island nation.

Sao Tome and Principe: A Country of Rich Culture and Unique Statistics

Sao Tome and Principe, officially known as the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, is a small island nation located in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western coast of Africa. It is made up of two main islands, Sao Tome and Principe, along with several smaller islets. Despite its small size, this country has a rich history and culture, as well as some interesting statistics that set it apart from other nations. In this article, we will delve into some of the unique statistics and data about Sao Tome and Principe.

Geography and Population

Sao Tome and Principe covers an area of just 964 square kilometers, making it one of the smallest countries in Africa. It is also one of the least populous countries in the world, with a population of approximately 219,159 people as of 2021. The majority of the population resides on the main island of Sao Tome, while Principe has a much smaller population.

The country’s capital city is Sao Tome, which is located on the northeastern coast of the main island. It is also the largest city in the country, with a population of around 71,000 people. Other major cities include Santo Antonio on Principe Island and Neves on Sao Tome Island.

Economy and Industries

Sao Tome and Principe’s economy is primarily driven by agriculture, which accounts for about 50% of its GDP. The country’s main exports include cocoa, coconut products, and coffee. In recent years, there has been an increase in tourism, with visitors drawn to the country’s beautiful beaches and lush rainforests.

Despite its small size, Sao Tome and Principe has a relatively high GDP per capita of $1,800. However, poverty is still a significant issue in the country, with around 60% of the population living below the poverty line.

Culture and Languages

Sao Tome and Principe has a diverse cultural heritage, influenced by its history of colonization and the African slave trade. The country’s official language is Portuguese, which was introduced during the colonial era. However, many people also speak Creole, a mixture of Portuguese and local African languages.

The country’s culture is also reflected in its music and dance, which combines elements of Portuguese, African, and Caribbean styles. Traditional forms of music include soca, zouk, and coladeira. The annual Sao Tome Carnival is a vibrant celebration of these cultural influences.

Education and Health

Education is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 14 in Sao Tome and Principe. However, the country’s literacy rate is relatively low at 74%, with a significant gender gap. While the male literacy rate is 82%, only 66% of females are literate.

The country’s healthcare system is also underdeveloped, with limited access to quality medical care. As a result, life expectancy in Sao Tome and Principe is relatively low at just 68 years. However, efforts are being made to improve healthcare services in the country.

Unique Statistics

  • Sao Tome and Principe has one of the highest percentages of women in parliament in Africa, with women holding 38% of seats in the National Assembly.
  • The country has no military force or defense budget.
  • Sao Tome and Principe is the second-smallest African country in terms of population, after Seychelles.
  • The country has a 100% renewable energy supply, with hydroelectric power accounting for most of its electricity production.
Indicator Value
GDP per capita $1,800
Life expectancy 68 years
Literacy rate (male) 82%
Literacy rate (female) 66%

Conclusion

Sao Tome and Principe may be a small country, but it has a unique culture and history that sets it apart from other nations. From its diverse cultural influences to its interesting statistics, this country has much to offer. Despite facing challenges such as poverty and limited access to healthcare, Sao Tome and Principe continues to make progress towards development and sustainability. It is a country worth exploring and learning more about.

Sources:

  • What is the official name of Sao Tome and Principe?
    The official name of the country is the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe.
  • Where is Sao Tome and Principe located?
    Sao Tome and Principe is located in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western coast of Africa.
  • What is the capital city of Sao Tome and Principe?
    The capital city of Sao Tome and Principe is Sao Tome.
  • What is the population of Sao Tome and Principe?
    As of 2021, the estimated population of Sao Tome and Principe is 219,159.
  • What are the official languages of Sao Tome and Principe?
    The official languages of Sao Tome and Principe are Portuguese and Portuguese-based Creole.
  • What is the currency used in Sao Tome and Principe?
    The currency used in Sao Tome and Principe is the Dobra (STD).
  • What is the time zone of Sao Tome and Principe?
    Sao Tome and Principe follows Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) +1.
  • Is Sao Tome and Principe a safe country for tourists?
    Sao Tome and Principe has a relatively low crime rate, but it is always important to exercise caution while traveling.
  • Do I need a visa to visit Sao Tome and Principe?
    Citizens of most countries require a visa to enter Sao Tome and Principe. It is best to check with your local embassy or consulate for specific requirements.
  • What is the best time to visit Sao Tome and Principe?
    The best time to visit Sao Tome and Principe is from June to September, when the weather is cooler and drier.
  • What are some popular tourist attractions in Sao Tome and Principe?
    Some popular tourist attractions in Sao Tome and Principe include the Obo National Park, Pico Cao Grande, and the beaches of Praia Jale.
  • What is the cuisine like in Sao Tome and Principe?
    The cuisine of Sao Tome and Principe is a fusion of Portuguese, African, and indigenous influences. It includes dishes such as calulu (fish stew), moqueca (seafood stew), and funge (cassava porridge).
  • What are some traditional dishes of Sao Tome and Principe?
    Some traditional dishes of Sao Tome and Principe include calulu (fish stew), moqueca (seafood stew), funge (cassava porridge), and bolos levedos (sweet bread).
  • What is the music like in Sao Tome and Principe?
    The music of Sao Tome and Principe is heavily influenced by African rhythms and Portuguese fado. Popular genres include soukous, zouk, and funaná.
  • Are there any famous musicians from Sao Tome and Principe?
    Yes, some famous musicians from Sao Tome and Principe include Sara Tavares, Cesaria Evora, and Juka.
  • What are some traditional songs of Sao Tome and Principe?
    Some traditional songs of Sao Tome and Principe include "Djembé", "Tchiloli", and "Dance of the Sema". These are often performed during festivals and celebrations.
  • What are some popular souvenirs to buy in Sao Tome and Principe?
    Some popular souvenirs to buy in Sao Tome and Principe include handmade crafts such as wooden carvings, pottery, and woven baskets.
  • Is it safe to drink tap water in Sao Tome and Principe?
    It is generally not recommended to drink tap water in Sao Tome and Principe. It is best to stick to bottled or filtered water.
  • What is the voltage used in Sao Tome and Principe?
    The voltage used in Sao Tome and Principe is 220-240V, with a frequency of 50Hz. It is best to bring a universal adapter if your electronic devices do not match this voltage.
  • What is the dress code in Sao Tome and Principe?
    The dress code in Sao Tome and Principe is generally casual, but it is important to dress modestly when visiting religious sites or rural areas.
  • What is the tipping etiquette in Sao Tome and Principe?
    Tipping is not expected in Sao Tome and Principe, but leaving a small tip for exceptional service is appreciated.
  • Are credit cards accepted in Sao Tome and Principe?
    Credit cards are not widely accepted in Sao Tome and Principe, so it is best to carry cash for most transactions.
  • What is the weather like in Sao Tome and Principe?
    Sao Tome and Principe has a tropical climate with high temperatures year-round. The rainy season runs from October to May, while the dry season runs from June to September.
  • Do I need any vaccinations before traveling to Sao Tome and Principe?
    It is recommended to be up-to-date on routine vaccinations before traveling to Sao Tome and Principe. It is also advised to get vaccinated for hepatitis A and typhoid.
  • What is the emergency number in Sao Tome and Principe?
    The emergency number in Sao Tome and Principe is 112.
  • What is the driving side in Sao Tome and Principe?
    Sao Tome and Principe follows right-hand traffic.
  • Can I rent a car in Sao Tome and Principe?
    Yes, it is possible to rent a car in Sao Tome and Principe, but roads can be rough and driving can be challenging. It is best to hire a local driver or take public transportation.
  • What is the currency exchange rate in Sao Tome and Principe?
    As of 2021, the currency exchange rate for the Dobra (STD) is approximately 21,000 STD to 1 USD.
  • Are there any cultural customs or traditions I should be aware of in Sao Tome and Principe?
    Some cultural customs or traditions in Sao Tome and Principe include greeting people with a handshake, respecting elders, and avoiding public displays of affection.
  • Is there any specific etiquette I should follow when visiting religious sites in Sao Tome and Principe?
    When visiting religious sites in Sao Tome and Principe, it is important to dress modestly and remove your shoes before entering. It is also respectful to ask for permission before taking photos.
  • Are there any specific health concerns I should be aware of when traveling to Sao Tome and Principe?
    Some health concerns to be aware of when traveling to Sao Tome and Principe include malaria, dengue fever, and Zika virus. It is best to take precautions such as using insect repellent and wearing long sleeves and pants.
  • What are some popular outdoor activities in Sao Tome and Principe?
    Some popular outdoor activities in Sao Tome and Principe include hiking, snorkeling, and bird watching. The country has a rich biodiversity and beautiful natural landscapes.
  • Can I use my cell phone in Sao Tome and Principe?
    Cell phone coverage is limited in Sao Tome and Principe, but you may be able to use your phone with an international plan. It is best to check with your provider before traveling.
  • What is the country code for calling Sao Tome and Principe?
    The country code for calling Sao Tome and Principe is +239.
  • Is there a dress code for the beaches in Sao Tome and Principe?
    There is no specific dress code for the beaches in Sao Tome and Principe, but it is important to respect local customs and dress modestly.
  • What is the legal drinking age in Sao Tome and Principe?
    The legal drinking age in Sao Tome and Principe is 18 years old.
  • Are there any restrictions on bringing medication into Sao Tome and Principe?
    It is best to check with the embassy or consulate of Sao Tome and Principe for any restrictions on bringing medication into the country. It is also recommended to bring a copy of your prescription and a letter from your doctor if you are traveling with medication.
  • What is the average cost of a meal in Sao Tome and Principe?
    The average cost of a meal in Sao Tome and Principe can range from 5 to 20 USD, depending on the type of restaurant and location.
  • Is there any specific etiquette I should follow when dining in Sao Tome and Principe?
    When dining in Sao Tome and Principe, it is customary to wait for the host to start eating before beginning your meal. It is also polite to finish everything on your plate.
  • What are some popular festivals and events in Sao Tome and Principe?
    Some popular festivals and events in Sao Tome and Principe include the Feast of St. John (June), Independence Day (July), and the International Chocolate Festival (November).
  • Are there any LGBTQ+ rights in Sao Tome and Principe?
    Homosexuality is legal in Sao Tome and Principe, but same-sex marriage is not recognized. LGBTQ+ individuals may still face discrimination, so it is important to exercise caution while traveling.
  • Is English widely spoken in Sao Tome and Principe?
    English is not widely spoken in Sao Tome and Principe, but you may be able to find some English speakers in tourist areas. It is helpful to learn some basic Portuguese phrases before traveling.
  • Are there any opportunities for volunteering in Sao Tome and Principe?
    Yes, there are opportunities for volunteering in Sao Tome and Principe, particularly in the areas of education, healthcare, and conservation. It is best to research and connect with local organizations before your trip.
  • What are some traditional crafts or products I can buy in Sao Tome and Principe?
    Some traditional crafts or products to buy in Sao Tome and Principe include handmade wooden carvings, pottery, woven baskets, and locally produced chocolate.
  • What are some common modes of transportation within the islands of Sao Tome and Principe?
    Some common modes of transportation within the islands of Sao Tome and Principe include boats, ferries, and small planes. It is best to check schedules and availability beforehand as they may not run daily.
  • Is there any specific etiquette I should follow when interacting with locals in Sao Tome and Principe?
    When interacting with locals in Sao Tome and Principe, it is important to be respectful and polite. Greeting people with a handshake and using formal titles (such as "senhor" for men and "senhora" for women) is appreciated.

A Closer Look at Sao Tome and Principe - Сан-Томе и Принсипи

Sao Tome and Principe Flag

Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome and Principe Formation Date

July 12, 1975

Sao Tome and Principe Capital Name

São Tomé is the capital and largest city of the island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe.

Sao Tome and Principe Neighbours

  1. Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea
  2. Gabon Gabon

Exploring Sao Tome and Principe

Introduction

Sao Tome and Principe, a small island nation located in the Gulf of Guinea off the western coast of Africa, may not be a well-known destination for many travelers. However, this hidden gem offers a unique and authentic experience for those willing to venture off the beaten path. With its rich history, diverse culture, and stunning natural beauty, Sao Tome and Principe has much to offer for curious explorers. The country's name is derived from the Portuguese words "são tomé" and "príncipe," meaning Saint Thomas and Prince, respectively. These names were given by Portuguese explorers who discovered the islands in the late 15th century.

Key Takeaways

- Located in the Gulf of Guinea off the coast of Africa - Rich history and diverse culture - Stunning natural beauty - Portuguese influence due to colonization - Relatively unknown destination for travelers

Geography

Sao Tome and Principe is made up of two main islands, Sao Tome and Principe, as well as several smaller islets. The islands are volcanic in origin, with lush rainforests covering much of their surface. The country is known for its beautiful beaches, crystal-clear waters, and diverse flora and fauna. The islands are also rich in natural resources, including fertile soil for agriculture, fish from its surrounding waters, and offshore oil reserves. However, the country's economy is still largely dependent on agriculture and fishing. The climate in Sao Tome and Principe is tropical, with high humidity and temperatures ranging from 20°C to 30°C throughout the year. The islands experience two distinct seasons: a dry season from June to September and a rainy season from October to May.

Origin and History

Sao Tome and Principe has a rich and complex history, with evidence of human settlements dating back to the 9th century. The islands were originally inhabited by various Bantu-speaking tribes until the arrival of Portuguese explorers in the late 15th century. The Portuguese colonized the islands and brought with them African slaves to work on their plantations. This colonization had a significant impact on the country's culture, language, and religion. Sao Tome and Principe gained independence from Portugal in 1975 and has since been a democratic republic.

Government and Politics

Sao Tome and Principe is a democratic republic with a multi-party political system. The country is divided into two provinces, Sao Tome and Principe, each with its own governor. The President is both the head of state and government, elected by popular vote for a five-year term. The country maintains good relations with its neighboring countries and has strong ties with Portugal, its former colonizer. It is also a member of several international organizations, including the United Nations and the African Union.

Commerce and Economy

Agriculture is the mainstay of Sao Tome and Principe's economy, with cocoa being the most important export. Other major industries include fishing, tourism, and oil production. The country also has a growing service sector, particularly in banking and telecommunications. Sao Tome and Principe's main trading partners are Portugal, Angola, and China. The official currency is the Dobra, but the US dollar is widely accepted.

Demographics

Sao Tome and Principe has a population of approximately 219,000 people, with the majority living in urban areas. The population is primarily made up of people of African descent, with Portuguese influence still evident in the culture and language. The country has a relatively young population, with over half of its inhabitants under the age of 25. The official language is Portuguese, but several local dialects are also spoken.

Culture

Sao Tome and Principe has a vibrant and diverse culture influenced by its African and Portuguese heritage. The country's music, art, and cuisine reflect this fusion of cultures. Traditional music and dance are an integral part of daily life, with festivals and celebrations held throughout the year. The country also has a rich tradition of handicrafts, including woodcarvings, pottery, and textiles. These crafts are not only a source of income for many locals but also serve as a way to preserve their cultural heritage.

Languages and Religion

Portuguese is the official language of Sao Tome and Principe, but several local dialects are also spoken. These include Forro, Angolar, and Lunguyê. The dominant religion is Christianity, with the Catholic Church being the largest denomination. Traditional African beliefs and practices also play a significant role in the country's culture and are often blended with Christianity. This syncretism is evident in traditional ceremonies and festivals.

Education and Healthcare Systems

Sao Tome and Principe has made significant strides in improving its education system in recent years. Primary education is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 14. However, access to education remains a challenge for many children, particularly those living in rural areas. The country also has a universal healthcare system, with primary healthcare services provided free of charge. However, access to quality healthcare is limited in remote areas, and there is a shortage of medical professionals.

Sports and Recreation

Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Sao Tome and Principe, with the national team achieving some success in international competitions. Other popular sports include basketball, volleyball, and athletics. The islands' natural beauty also offers a variety of recreational activities, such as hiking, birdwatching, and diving. The country's national parks and reserves are home to a diverse range of plant and animal species, making it a paradise for nature lovers.

Tourism

Sao Tome and Principe may be relatively unknown to many travelers, but it has much to offer in terms of tourism. The islands' pristine beaches, lush rainforests, and rich cultural heritage make it an ideal destination for those seeking an authentic and off-the-beaten-path experience. Some popular tourist attractions include the Pico Cão Grande (a volcanic plug), the Obo National Park (home to various endemic species), and the São João dos Angolares (a traditional fishing village). The country also has a range of accommodation options, from luxury resorts to eco-friendly lodges.

Travel Information for Foreign Visitors

Travelers to Sao Tome and Principe must have a valid passport and visa. Visas can be obtained upon arrival at the airport or through the country's embassy or consulate. It is also recommended to have proof of yellow fever vaccination when entering the country. The country is generally safe for tourists, but it is advisable to take precautions against petty crime. It is also essential to respect local customs and etiquette, such as dressing modestly and asking permission before taking photos of people. The official currency is the Dobra, but US dollars are widely accepted. Credit cards are accepted in some hotels and restaurants, but it is advisable to carry cash for smaller purchases.

Quotes

"The island of São Tomé is the most beautiful in the world." - Portuguese explorer João de Santarém "São Tomé is a forgotten paradise." - Travel writer Paul Theroux

Conclusion

Sao Tome and Principe may be a small and relatively unknown country, but it has much to offer for travelers seeking an authentic and off-the-beaten-path experience. With its stunning natural beauty, rich history, and vibrant culture, this hidden gem in the Gulf of Guinea is sure to captivate the hearts of curious explorers. As the country continues to develop and promote tourism, it is poised to become a must-visit destination for those looking for a unique and unforgettable travel experience.

Sao Tome and Principe Highest Point Name

The highest point in Sao Tome and Principe is Pico de Sao Tome, which has an elevation of 2,024 meters (6,640 feet) above sea level.

Sao Tome and Principe Capital Longitude

The capital of Sao Tome and Principe is called Sao Tome, and its longitude coordinates are 6.6143° E.

Sao Tome and Principe Capital Latitude

São Tomé is the capital of Sao Tome and Principe, and its latitude is 0° 20' N.

Sao Tome and Principe Official Languages

Portuguese

Sao Tome and Principe Ethnic Groups

The population of the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe is made up of mainly African descended persons, with a small number of Europeans, Chinese, and Brazilians. The majority ethnic group is the Forros, descendants of former African slaves. This group makes up approximately 70-80% of the population, while about 10-15% identify as Anãos descended from Brazilian traders, and 5-10 % identify as Angolares, descended from ship owners from the island of Angola. Other ethnic groups present include the Tongas, Mestiços who are of mixed Portuguese and Forro ancestry, and Cabrals, of mixed Portuguese and Angola ancestry.

Sao Tome and Principe Religions

The majority of the population of São Tomé and Príncipe is Christian, with around 85% adhering to Catholicism and the remaining 15% being Protestant or other Christian denominations. There are also small numbers of followers of Islam and the Bahá’í faith. Traditional beliefs are also still practiced by some, particularly related to sorcery and healing.

Sao Tome and Principe Total Area

964 km2

Sao Tome and Principe Land Area

The land area of São Tomé and Príncipe is 1,001 square kilometers (386 square miles).

Sao Tome and Principe Water Area

According to the World Bank, the total water area of São Tomé and Príncipe is 890 km² (345 sq. mi).

Sao Tome and Principe Total Population

According to the latest estimates (July 2020), the total population of São Tomé and Príncipe is 197,579 people.

Sao Tome and Principe Currency Name

The official currency of São Tomé and Príncipe is the Dobra (STN).

Sao Tome and Principe Currency Code

The country currency code for São Tomé and Príncipe is STD.

Sao Tome and Principe Currency Symbol

STD

Sao Tome and Principe Calling Code

+239

Sao Tome and Principe Internet TLD

www.aveholidays.st

How to Say "Sao Tome and Principe" In Different Languages?

Chinese
圣多美和普林西比 (zh-CN)
Croatian
Sveti Toma i Princip (hr-HR)
Czech
Svatý Tomáš a Princův ostrov (cs-CZ)
French
Sao Tomé-et-Principe (fr-FR)
German
São Tomé und Príncipe (de-DE)
Greek
Σάο Τομέ και Πρίνσιπε (el-GR)
Indonesian
Sao Tome dan Principe (id-ID)
Italian
Sao Tomé e Príncipe (it-IT)
Japanese
サントメ・プリンシペ (ja-JP)
Tagalog
São Tomé at Príncipe (tl-PH)
Polish
Wyspy Świętego Tomasza i Książęca (pl-PL)
Portuguese
São Tomé e Príncipe (pt-PT)
Russian
Сан-Томе и Принсипи (ru-RU)
Spanish
Santo Tomé y Príncipe (es-ES)
Tajik
Сан-Томе ва Принсипе (tg-TG)
Turkish
Sao Tome ve Principe (tr-TR)
English
Sao Tome and Principe (en-US)
Ukrainian
Сан-Томе і Принсіпі (uk-UA)
Uzbek
San-Tome va Prinsipe (uz-UZ)
Vietnamese
Sao Tomé và Príncipe (vi-VN)

Sao Tome and Principe Popular Holidays

São Tomé Shopping Day
2nd Saturday of August
Festival of the Waters Day
13th day of the 4th month
New Year's Day
1 January
Labour Day
1 January
Liberation Day
3 January
Democracy Day
16 February
Youth Day
22 February
Reinforcement Day of the Local Governmental Administration
24 February
Carnival Day
26 February
Krispinho Memorial Day
1 March
International Women's Day
8 March
Foundation of Autonomy Day
12 March
Public Health Day
21 March
Mothers' Day
21 March
Presidential Accession Remembrance Day
4 April
Independence of Príncipe Day
11 April
Cão Nuvens Remembrance Day
15 April
Pacific Naval Battle Day
16 April
Good Friday
19 April
Easter Sunday
21 April
Maritime Cod Day
22 April
Family Day
24 April
National Mourning Day
25 April
Djotal Memorial Day
30 April
Liberation Day
1 May
Labour Day
1 May
Martyrs' Day
4 May
Council Day
5 May
Dozi Mãe Day
10 May
College Youth Day
21 May
Martyrs of the African Union Day
25 May
Ascension of Our Lord
30 May
Mãe Gorette Day
1 June
National Polluting Day
1 June
Inauguration of the Place of the New Communities Day
2 June
Fathers' Day
17 June
Fernanda de Melo Memorial Day
20 June
Children's Day
20 June
Rise of Women's Movement Day
20 June
Corpus Christi Day
20 June
Manioc Anniversary Day
12 July
Revolution Day
23 July
Dom Joaquim Mendes Day
July 29
Lungi Day
3 August
Assumption of Our Lady
15 August
Assumption of Our Lady
15 August
Peace Day
19 August
Resistance Day
21 August
History of Forro Music Day
22 August
Independence Day
12 September
Oliveira Costa Memorial Day
15 September
Mbombe Nito Memorial Day
18 September
Day of São Tomé
21 September
Mid-Rabon Day
1 October
Dêpa Rabon Day
1 October
Voyage of the Prisoners Day
1 October
Memorial Day of Barsotto and Calúbriga
4 October
Radio Missionary Day
15 October
Heroin Wilma Day
19 October
Dajuda Day
21 October
Burning of São Tomé Day
28 October
Tipica Music Parade Day
1 November
All Saints' Day
1 November
All Souls' Day
2 November
Republic Day
6 November
Independence Day
12 November
Merchants of São Tomé Day
17 November
São Tomé Football Day
3 December
Immaculate Conception Day
8 December
Literature Day
25 December
Christmas
25 December
Jesus' Birth
25 December

VERIFY COUNTRY DATA:
We aim for precision and fairness. If you notice an inconsistency, contact us here.

Upcoming Holidays in Sao Tome and Principe

National and Public Holidays in Sao Tome and Principe next days/week/month/year

Slavery Remembrance Day

Slavery Remembrance Day is an annual holiday commemorating the history of the African diaspora. It honors the struggles of those taken from Africa against the horrors of the transatlantic slave trade, as well as those who fought for equality and freedom. It is celebrated on the last Sunday of August and on August 1 in some countries.

Day off for Armed Forces’ Day in Sao Tome and Principe

Armed Forces' Day is a public holiday in Sao Tome and Principe

Day off for Nationalization of the Roças in Sao Tome and Principe

Greetings and welcome to the Roça Nationalization Day in Sao Tome and Principe! This is a unique time for the citizens of this archipelagic island nation to celebrate being independent and autonomous. Nationalization of the Roças is a public holiday in Sao Tome and Principe.

Nationalization of the Roças in Sao Tome and Principe

Greetings from Sao Tome and Principe, the island nation off the coast of Western Africa! Today, we are celebrating the Nationalization of the Roças - an important event that celebrates the cultural and historical significance of the Roças in Sao Tome and Principe. Nationalization of the Roças is a public holiday in Sao Tome and Principe.

Day off for São Tomé Day in Sao Tome and Principe

"Step into the paradise of São Tomé and Principe as the nation celebrates its vibrant culture on São Tomé Day. This local holiday, observed on February 3rd, is a colorful celebration of music, dance, and delectable cuisine. Escape to this tropical island and immerse yourself in the festive traditions of this African gem."

São Tomé Day in Sao Tome and Principe

"Experience the vibrant and colorful culture of São Tomé on this national holiday filled with festivities, music, and traditional food. Immerse yourself in the traditions of this island paradise and celebrate the unique blend of African and Portuguese influences. A must-visit destination for the culturally curious traveler."

Christmas Day in Sao Tome and Principe

"Celebrate the vibrant culture and festive holiday spirit of Sao Tome and Principe on Christmas Day. From colorful parades to mouth-watering traditional dishes, this national observance is a must for any traveler wanting to immerse themselves in the heart of this African island's rich traditions. Join the locals in spreading joy and spreading love during this special time of year."

New Year’s Day

New Year's Day is celebrated on January 1 and marks the beginning of a new calendar year. It is a public holiday in many countries, including Canada, Australia, and the United States. Traditions include fireworks, parade, and special meals, along with family gatherings and often resolutions for a fresh start. People observe the holiday by counting down the seconds to midnight, watching the ball drop in Times Square, and celebrating with friends and family. To many, the holiday symbolizes a time of renewal, reflection, and hope for the future.

New Year in Sao Tome and Principe

"Embark on a cultural journey like no other this New Year in Sao Tome and Principe. Embrace the vibrant celebrations of the island's national holiday, 'Dia da Liberdade', as locals honor their independence with lively parades and traditional dances. Experience the warm hospitality and rich heritage of this hidden gem in the heart of Africa."

Day off for Day of King Amador in Sao Tome and Principe

Welcome to the beautiful island of Sao Tome and Principe, where the vibrant culture of King Amador comes to life on his special day. This observance holiday is a time for the locals to honor their beloved king through parades, traditional dances, and feasting on local delicacies. A perfect day to immerse yourself in the rich history of this charming island nation.

Upcoming Festivals in Sao Tome and Principe

National and Public Holidays around the world in the next few days

Leap Day in United States of America

Celebrate the extra day of the year in style with Leap Day in the United States of America! This unique observance allows for an additional 24 hours of exploration, making it the perfect time to discover hidden gems and indulge in local traditions. Don't miss out on this special national holiday.

Independence Day in Bangladesh

Independence Day is a government holiday in Bangladesh

Easter Sunday in Switzerland

"Easter Sunday in Switzerland is a delightful blend of festive traditions and stunning alpine scenery. From charming processions and colorful markets, to indulging in delicious chocolate eggs and hiking in the Swiss Alps, this national observance holiday offers a unique cultural experience that will leave visitors in awe."

Easter Sunday in Ecuador

Observance: Experience the vibrant culture and rich traditions of Ecuador on Easter Sunday. Join in the colorful processions and witness the unique blend of Catholic and indigenous beliefs. Explore the beautiful landscapes and indulge in traditional delicacies. A truly enchanting holiday for every traveler.

Easter Sunday in Luxembourg

"Easter Sunday in Luxembourg, a national holiday filled with vibrant traditions and lively celebrations. From the colorful Easter markets to the famous egg hunts, this festive occasion brings the whole community together in a spirit of joy and renewal. A must-visit for anyone looking to immerse themselves in Luxembourg's rich culture and traditions."

Easter Sunday in Slovakia

"Easter Sunday in Slovakia is a beautiful celebration of both religious and cultural traditions. The country comes alive with colorful processions, traditional folk music, and delectable Easter dishes. From the stunning architecture of Bratislava to the quaint villages in the countryside, this observance is a must-see for any traveler seeking an authentic cultural experience." (50 words)

Easter Sunday in Uruguay

"Easter Sunday in Uruguay is a vibrant celebration of faith and culture. From the bustling streets of Montevideo to the tranquil beach towns, the nation comes alive with processions, colorful decorations, and traditional food. Immerse yourself in the local customs and take part in this national holiday that embodies the spirit of Uruguay." (observance)

Easter Sunday in Estonia

Easter Sunday in Estonia is a festive national holiday filled with colorful traditions and local cuisine. From egg painting and traditional church services to indulging in delicious Easter bread and smoked ham, this observance is a must-visit to experience the authentic culture of Estonia.

Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau

"Easter Sunday in Guinea-Bissau is a vibrant celebration filled with colorful processions, traditional music, and joyful feasts. As a national holiday, it is deeply rooted in the country's rich cultural heritage and serves as a time for families and communities to come together in unity and celebration."

Easter Sunday in Sweden

"Easter Sunday in Sweden is a vibrant celebration of spring's arrival, filled with colorful traditions and mouth-watering feasts. As a national holiday, families gather to decorate eggs, indulge in delicious sweets, and revel in the joyous atmosphere of rebirth and renewal. A must-visit for those seeking a cultural and culinary immersion in Sweden."

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